Anda di halaman 1dari 10

GOLDEN RICE

Fauzur Rahmi
1520422003
Pascasarjana Biologi
Universitas Andalas
Padang, 2015

WHAT
WHATIS
ISBIOPRSPECTING???
BIOPRSPECTING???

The

process of discovery and


commercialization of new products
based on biological resources.

GOLDEN
GOLDENRICE???
RICE???
Golden

Rice (Oryza sativa, GR) is the


generic name given to genetically
modified rice that produce -carotene
(provitamin A) in the endosperm.
The research that led to the
development of GR was initiated to
help alleviate vitamin A deficiency
(VAD), which represents a mayor
global health problem.

WHO
WHOBEGAN
BEGANTHE
THEGOLDEN
GOLDENRICE
RICE
PROJECT???
PROJECT???
The

Golden Rice was invented by Prof. Ingo


Potrykus (emeritus of The Institute for
Plant Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology) and Prof. Peter Beyer (The
University of Freiburg, German).
Funded by The Rockefeller Foundation,
The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology,
and Syngenta
Golden Rice Humanitarian Boardresponsible for the global development,
introduction, and free distribution of
Golden Rice to the target country

HOW
HOWGOLDEN
GOLDENRICE???
RICE???
Golden

Rice was created by


transforming rice with only two carotene biosythesis gene:
- Phytoene synthase (psy): derivied
from daffodils
- Lycopene cyclase (crt 1): from soil
bacteria Erwinia uredovara

Tahapan
sintesis/pembentuka
n beta-carotene.
Dalam padi, proses
pembentukan
tersebut hanya dapat
sampai pada proses
sintesis GGPP. Oleh
karena itu perlu
ditambahkan gen
yang dapat
mengkatalisis
sampai tahap
terakhir menjadi
beta carotene

WHY
WHYRICE???
RICE???

Global

staple food. Cultivated for over


10.000 years.
Rice provides as much as 80 percent
or more of the daily caloric intake of 3
billion people, which is half the
worlds population

CONTROVERCY
CONTROVERCYAGAINST
AGAINSTGOLDEN
GOLDEN
RICE
RICE

Health
May

cause allergies or fail to perform desired effect


Supply does not provide a substantial quantity as the
recommended daily intake

Environment
Loss

of Biodiversity. May become a gregarious weed


and endanger the existence of natural rice plants
Genetic contamination of natural, global staple foods

Culture
Some

people prefer to cultivate and eat only white


rice based on traditional values and spiritual beliefs

THANK YOU