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The Republic of Costamerica Constitution

The Real Ideal


Founded by Colt Foster, Lizandro Garcia, Azariah
Jacobs, Phenelope Santillan

Preamble

We the people of the Real Ideal propose a fair system of justice, equality and liberty to those
underneath our nation. We solemnly swear to constitute these rights to form a republic where our
sovereignty is kept and that our citizens are led by a trustworthy government. We grant divine
rights in which gives freedom and order to the citizens to insure safety and protection for all. We
formally establish these values with unity and integrity under the Real Ideal.

Bill of Rights

Amendment I: Congress shall make no laws of prohibition towards the freedom of voting,
speech, press, or religion and will allow the complete practice of these rights that are granted to
all legal and residential citizens.
Amendment II: A well-regulated militia will be established to ensure the safety of the
community and state, along with the right to bear arms which shall not be infringed but will also
come with standards of laws, regulations, and punishments regarding abuse of this right.
Amendment III: Right to free public education will not be denied or abridged on account of
race, gender, disability, religion, poverty, actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity,
place of residency, or immigration status.
Amendment IV: Citizens will have the right of security and safety which shall not allow the
unnecessary search or seizure of property owned by citizens without consent from the rightful
owner or without probable cause of a search warrant.
Amendment V: In event of a committed crime, citizens will not be charged with double
jeopardy, nor will they be compelled to witness against themselves in a court of law. Criminal
citizens shall not be deprived of basic rights such as life, liberty, or property without reasonable
process or justice of law.
Amendment VI: Within the event of prosecution, the accused will have the right to a speedy
trial, which will eliminate methods of prosecution that would cause long, agonizing pain.
Criminalized or accused citizens shall be brought back to the district or state of which the crime
was committed, where they will either be jailed or executed depending on rightful judgment by a
citizen jury trial.
Amendment VII: In the case of a crime that is committed that is above the value of seventy-five
dollars, the right of trial by jury will be preserved as well as the prohibition of examination of the
court case by an out of district jury or court.
Amendment VIII: Our government will provide healthcare to citizens who pay taxes towards
funding our healthcare system. Freedoms within this system will establish the right to abortion as
well as the freedom of choice concerning changes to the physical body of the individual.
Amendment IX: This will establish the prohibition of cruel, unusual punishment within jail
systems as well as within law enforcement. Law enforcement officers will strictly protect and
serve, as our government is a system of equality for the citizens, by the citizens.

Amendment X: The undelegated powers within the constitution which are also un-prohibited
within the states are reserved respectively to the state and the citizens within that region.

Article I: The Legislative Branch

I. Structure
The Legislative Branch will consist of two Houses. The lower house is the House of
Representatives and the upper house is the Senate. Both of these Houses will represent congress
within a bicameral legislature. Members in the House of Representatives will be elected based on
population; the House of Representatives shall be composed of one representative for every
250,000 persons, for a total of ten representatives. The Senate is based on equal representation; it
is composed of one representative from each region, which is a total of five Senators.
II. Nominations and Elections
The members in each House shall be directly elected into office by the citizens of Costamerica.
In the House of Representatives, you are required to be at least the age of twenty-seven, must
have lived in the country for at least ten years, and have earned a bachelors degree. In the
Senate, you must be the age of at least thirty-two, are a natural born citizen of the country, and
have earned a bachelors degree with a major of or related to political sciences. Members in the
House of Representatives shall serve a two year term in office, while the senators serve a six year
term in office. Both houses have staggered terms; three terms maximum in the House of
Representatives and two terms maximum in the Senate.
III.

Powers

Congress holds the power to make laws, levy and collect taxes, borrow money, regulate
commerce, maintain a navy, maintain a military, and establish a court system. Any powers listed
of congress outside of this document are false and will not be acted upon. Congressional powers
are limited to what is written in this document. If congress needs an expansion of power,
approval must be gained from citizens before any further procedures.
IV.

How a Bill Becomes a Law

The idea of a bill may come from congress or citizens. Congress may propose any type of bill,
however citizens may only propose a bill that effects the general public. A bill is first introduced
by congress, then sent directly to a committee for research. Only the committee is allowed to
veto a bill. Congress may override the committees veto if a two-thirds vote is met. Once a bill is
approved by the committee, it is passed back over to both Houses for review. The bill is passed
once there is a two-thirds vote of approval from congress. If a two-thirds vote is not met, the bill
will die and not become a law.

Article II: The Executive Branch

I. Structure
The Executive power belongs to the House of Representatives and the Senate. There is a total of
fifteen members in congress leading the country. All members of congress are elected by the
citizens of Costamerica.
II. Nominations and Elections
Citizens of Costamerica elect all members of congress. A representative from the House is
elected every two years and a senator every six years. Both houses run elections during staggered
terms. To qualify in the House of Representatives, you must be at least twenty-seven years old
with a bachelors degree in political sciences. To qualify in the Senate, you must be at least
thirty-two years old with a masters degree in political sciences. Members of the House of
Representatives serve three two year terms, and members of the Senate serve two six year terms.
Members from both Houses shall remain in office unless voted out by citizens after Election
Day, or voted out of office due to impeachment.
III. Powers
The Senate and House of Representatives are the head of the government. Any member of either
House has the power to create and pass laws. However, two-thirds of congress must approve the
bill before it becomes a law. Both Senate and House have the power to impeach a representative
from either chamber. To impeach you must get a two-thirds vote from congress. Congress has the
power to conduct treaties with other nations. Congress also has the power to declare war, only if
thirteen out of fifteen congressmen votes yes. The Senate has the power to appoint Supreme
Court justices while the House of Representatives appoints judges from the lower courts.

Article III: The Judicial Branch

I.

Structure of the Courts


The Judicial Branch inheres three courts that make decisions deciding whether laws are
constitutional. The three courts are: The Supreme Court, The Regional Court, and The Local
Court. The courts main focus is to guarantee that every person accused of an iniquity has the
right to a fair and speedy trial before a judgment is placed upon them.
The Supreme Court, which is the highest court, deals with all constitutional law. Its
responsibility is to set precedentsnew ways of interpreting the law. The Supreme Court holds
nine justices that deal with cases involving federal law, diversity, treaties and diplomats, U.S.
government cases, and admiralty.
The Regional Court, which is the intermediate court system, will consist of twenty-five appellate
courts with four justices per court. There are five appellate courts per region, which will check
the actions of the Supreme Courts and correct any type of mistake, error, or flaw.
The Local Court is the lowest court. There is a court in every city, which totals to fifty courts.
The role of the Local Court is to handle cases for damages of amounts less than $50,000.00. The
Local Court also hears disputes involving matters concerning family law, criminal, personal
injury, and contract disputes.
II. Nominations and Elections of Judges
The Senate checks and finalizes the approval of Supreme Court justices, while the House of
Representatives appoint the Regional Court judges. The citizens of Costamerica will hold voting
polls to appoint the judges within the fifty local designated courts.
A Supreme Court judge must be at least forty years of age, a natural born citizen of The Republic
of Costamerica, no criminal background, and ten previous years of experience with law
practices. They must also have served as a local or regional court justice for at least eight years.
A Supreme Court justice has no term limits and shall serve as long as they are not impeached for
unconstitutional behavior.
A Regional Court judge must be at least thirty-five years of age, a natural born citizen of The
Republic of Costamerica, no criminal background, and eight previous years of experience with
law practices. A Regional Court judge shall serve two eight year terms.
A Local Court judge must be at least thirty years of age, a natural born citizen of The Republic of
Costamerica, no criminal background, and four years of experience within the role of judgment
and leadership with law practices included. A Local Court judge shall serve one eight year term.
III.

Powers of Court and Judges

The Supreme Court holds the powers of law interpretation and is able to override, change, and
improve laws concerning the well-being of the nation as a whole. The Regional Courts are able
to override Local court rulings and shape laws into good formation for the Supreme courts to
make final judgment and ruling. The Local courts will deal with small hearings pertaining to the
area of each city. These include misdemeanors, such as traffic violations and non-violent crimes.

Article IV: Education

I. Structure
The federal government has the most power over education their role is to make sure students are
doing well and getting the proper education they need and making sure schools are fulfilling the
local educational requirements. The local governments role in education is to make sure they are
providing the proper education to their student, as well as good learning conditions, good healthy
lunches, and making sure there is no
II. Funding
Federal and local governments will both help in funding the education system. Education will be
funded through the taxes the citizens pay. The salary of teachers and those working in eduction
will earn an annual salary of around $35,000 and gradually increases as they gain more years of
work experience.

III. Curriculum
Once a student reaches tenth grade at the age of sixteen, he or she can decide whether they want
to continue their education or drop out. Pre-k is optional for the student, but grades Kindergarten
through ninth are mandatory for one to attend. English, Science, History, and Math will be taught
throughout the student's educational career followed up by extra classes students can sign up for
in high school that go along with the career they would like to pursue if they know what they
want to become in life. Standardized tests will not be taken at any time throughout a child's
educational career. GEDs, Associate's, Bachelors, Masters, and Ph.D.s Law Degrees will all
be offered here.

Article V: Healthcare System

I. Structure
The federal, regional, and local governments control public healthcare, while the other half is
controlled by the private sector. The federal government provides a universal healthcare system
so that all citizens living in Costamerica will have access to medical care. The federal
government provides healthcare benefits for employees, regulates and provides low cost
healthcare services to the Costamerican populace, and inspects medical devices. The regional
government licenses private sector healthcare providers. The local government provides health
insurance for healthcare employees and low prices for private healthcare providers.
II. Funding
All three levels of government, as well as the citizens, pay for healthcare costs. The federal
government has a yearly 300 million dollar budget spending on healthcare. The Costamerican
citizens are taxed roughly nine to twelve percent, depending on the amount of income to help
fund medical care. Medicare, as well as Medicaid, is funded by the federal government and it
covers retirees, veterans, disabled persons, and low-income individuals. Medicaid and Medicare
only pays for transportation to a hospital and does not cover costs for any treatment or doctors
visit. Several drugs (like birth control pills, pain medicine, etc.) are available in Costamerica
without a prescription. Anyone is eligible to receive a prescription. Only drugs for serious
illnesses or medical conditions (like the flu, diabetes, etc.) will be covered by the insurance
company.

Article VI: Immigration

I. Structure
Only the federal and local governments share the responsibilities over immigration policies and
laws. The federal government's responsibilities are to grant or deny citizenship to any noncitizen, decide how the borders will be protected in order to control the amount of immigrants
moving into the country, and handle any immigrants who have committed or planned major
crimes, such as violent crimes or theft over the amount of $50,000. The local governments
responsibilities are to decide whether they will provide jobs, health benefits, etc. to immigrants,
check criminal history, and confine immigrants until the federal authority takes over and handles
the situation.
II. Immigration Laws and Policies
Family-Based Immigration:
Family unification is an important principle governing immigration policy. The family-based
immigration category allows our citizens and lawful permanent residents to bring certain family
members to Costamerica. There are 100,000 family-based visas available every year. Familybased immigrants are admitted to Costamerica either as immediate relatives of citizens or
through the family preference system.
Employment-Based Immigration:
Temporary Visas provide many ways for immigrants with valuable skills to come to Costamerica
on either a permanent or a temporary basis. Many of the temporary worker categories are for
highly skilled workers, and immigrants with a temporary work visa are normally sponsored by a
specific employer for a specific job offer.
Foreign Exchange Students:
Students from any other country of the world are welcomed to continue their academic studies
here in Costamerica. Only under the rules that they have no criminal records, no type of
dangerous personality disorders (psychopathy and or a sociopath to name a few), nor should the
student in the past six to twelve months before coming should have possessed any illness that
could potentially be life threatening or contagious causing a threat to the citizens.
III. Citizenship Process

The process to becoming a citizen of Costamerica takes five main steps. The first step is to
initially apply for citizenship at a local department of public safety. The second step is to conduct
a background check for things such as a medical history, criminal history, reasons for wanting
citizenship, and biometrics. If anything comes back negative in such a way that could deem
harmful to citizens, the immigrant will be sent back to his or her origin. Once everything is clear,
the third step would be to attend an interview at a human resources office. There will be
questions asked about answers written on application simply as a review. The fourth step will be
await of six months with eventually receiving a letter from the federal government to inform the
applicant on whether he or she was accepted or denied citizenship. And the final step is the
ceremony that new citizens will attend to receive their citizenship.

Article VII: Military

I. Structure
The Costamerica Navy protects our citizens, our country, and Costamericas seas through
operating airplanes, ships and underwater submarines. They also deliver munitions and supplies
to those serving in all branches of the military.
The Costamerica Air Force protects or citizens, our country, and our skies through control and
exploitation of air and space using military air force, such as drones, helicopters, jets, and
airplanes.
The Costamerica Army protects our citizens, our country, our nations borders, and our interest
through ground operating weapons, such as carbines, machine guns, rifles, and grenades.
The Costamerica Safe Guard helps protect Costamericas marines and marine interests at our
bases, at sea, and all over the globe.

II. Border Protection


Every military branch including the Costamerica Safe Guard is in charge of acting as another
form of Costamericas national security. The Costamerica Safe Guard protects the borders all
around our nation from terrorism, secret spies, human trafficking, drug trafficking smuggling
weapons and any other criminal activity. They make sure to protect the citizens leaving and reentering the country by checking passports and travel documents. They also conduct border
control activities from the decks of multiple marine craft. Any vessel entering Costamerica will
be checked efficiently and any unidentified vessel is stopped immediately.

III. Enlisting
Enlistees must be at least eighteen years of age. Drafting will not be discriminated by gender or
race, as long as he or she is a Costamerican citizen. Women who are pregnant are not allowed to
be enlisted until the child is at least a year of age. A person will not be drafted if any serious
mental and/or physical problems are found.

Article VIII: Process of Amending the Constitution


I.

Proposing an Amendment
The process of amending the constitution can start with the idea of any group or individual
citizen. To start the amendment process, a formally written document must be sent into a team of
regional reviewers. This team will scan the submitted bill for worthy content which, if passed,
will be sent into a list of proposed bills and laws to be reviewed by congress. Tweaking and
editing of the bill may take place during this process. If the regional reviewers develop a twothirds vote for the bill, it will be sent to both Houses, which its members will ultimately result in
the ratification or veto of the bill into the constitution.
II. Ratifying an Amendment
Only members of the House of Representatives and the Senate may vote finalization of an
amended bill into the constitution. There must be a two-thirds vote within congress to approve
the amendment. If a two-third vote is not met, the amendment dies and will not be added to the
constitution.

Article IX: Relationship between Federal, Regional and Local Government


_
I. Powers

The Republic of Costamerica functions under a federal system. This will give each level of
government an equal balance of power.
The Federal government has the power to make laws, levy and collect taxes, borrow money,
regulate commerce, maintain a navy, maintain a military, participate in foreign affairs, regulate
and fund the healthcare system, participate in funding the education system, regulate the
immigration system, and establish a court system.
The Regional government has the power to establish local governments, issue licenses, regulate
regional commerce, conduct elections, ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution, provide for
public health and safety, enforce regional police forces, enforce taxes, and exercise powers
neither delegated to the national government nor prohibited from the nation by the U.S.
Constitution.
The Local government has the power to choose the form of government, charter and enact
revisions, exercise local self-government in a broad or limited manner, determine revenue
resources, set tax rates, borrow funds and other related financial activities, set employment rules,
remuneration rate, employment conditions and collective bargaining.
II. Ultimate Power
Although power is distributed among all three governments equally, the federal government
holds most of the power.

Comparison Analysis

Our government, The Real Ideal, is an Indirect Democracy. Citizens have the power to
elect leaders into office who have the criteria to govern the nation. The values this type of
government hold are political, domestic and natural human rights. These right are important to
our government in ways that change the way society is run. The thing that our government values
most is natural human rights. In order to stray away from becoming a totalitarian nation, we must
grant our citizen basic freedoms. The Real Ideal believes in a country that is ruled by its citizens.
Our government demonstrates this by giving people the power to choose which representatives
as a whole lead the country. Indirect democracy gives a voice to the people that carrys
throughout the government. It is an authentic and impartial system that achieves in listening to
the citizens demands. The advantages are a well-balanced legislative system, easier addressed
views and issues for the people, and citizen representation. Its disadvantages however are that the
majority will dominate, the minority groups hardly get representation because their votes are few
compared to the majority of the votes getting an official into office, and there is always the
potential chance of corruption and inefficiency if the wrong people are elected into office.
When comparing and contrasting our government and the U.S government, youll find
that there are many similarities and differences. The differences are really what set us apart from
the U.S Government. For example, we do not have a president, we have an executive office
composed of fifteen members of congress who also represent the legislative branch. We believe
that a group of people will make better efficient decisions on running a country. Another
difference between our governments is that we dont have states, we have regions and cities. A
region has more of a typical export that is a uniting factor. Even though there are differences
between the two governments, we also share similarities. Youll find that we both value liberty,
freedom, and equality. We are a Republic that feels citizens should be able to elect their leaders.

We are also a bicameral congress, for the simple fact that having two branches or chambers is
more efficient than having one.
Our government is in a form of Constitutionalism in which our government is structured
by formal laws and the power of the government is limited. We function off our constitution
where we are set to follow, practice, and respect each and every law stated in the constitution. It
is devoted both to the good of the entire community and to the preservation of the rights of each
individual person. Each Costamerican has the freedom of speech, press, religion, and to vote. As
well as the right to free education where it will not be denied or abridged on account of race,
gender, disability, religion, poverty, actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, place
of residency, or immigration status. The government will provide healthcare to citizens who pay
taxes towards the funding of our healthcare system. The citizens also have that sense of security
and safety as well as rights they come across when pressed with charges in a crime. The types of
problems that come across our form of government are when a citizen uses their rights, for
example, the freedom of speech to a certain extent where it becomes unsafe or causes chaos
where people feel threatened. There are other disadvantages to this form of government,
however, this is the most common problem that happens in our society.
The Republic of Costamerica is built upon the foundation of a market economy. This type
of economy was chosen to provide freedom of production and manufacturing throughout society
and within business. A market economy is also beneficial because it provides incentive for the
producer to manufacture goods wanted by the consumer while also providing competition which
results in low costs with high production levels. A planned economy has been avoided in our
government because it outlaws the freedom of producing goods wanted by consumers. Lack of
motivation is also an issue with this type of economy because all production is run and set up by

the government, which can very well lead to insufficient funds being spent as well as a decline in
economic success of a nation as a whole. Our market economy holds foreign ties to the trading of
goods that are desired within our economy at that given time. From textiles to produce, our
government is willing to trade with any nation willing to trade in an organized, noncorrupt way.