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Metode Perhitungan

Daya Dukung Lateral


Kelompok 5
Alexander Kevin
Alvina Mayora Nilasari
Della Avika Rahmi
Hanif Audina R
Muhammad Ismail
Penny Dwiadhiputri

Metode Perhitungan Daya


Dukung Lateral
Metode Perhitungan
Daya Dukung Lateral

Metode Perhitungan
Lendutan

Brinch Hansens
Method

Subgrade Reaction
Approach

Broms Method

Elastic Approach

Brinch Hansens Method

Advantages

Dapat diaplikasikan pada tanah kohesi (clay dan


sand)

Dapat diaplikasikan pada tanah berlayer

Disadvantages

Diaplikasikan hanya pada short pile

Membutuhkan solusi trial-and-error untuk


menentukan poin rotasi nya

Tahanan tanah Ultimate

Shamser Prakash 1990

vx = vertical effective overburden pressure


C = kohesi tanah
Kc & Kq = factor that are function of and x/b

Tahanan tanah ultimate jika


keadaan tanah cohessionless (c=0)

Shamser Prakash 1990

Reaksi tanah, diagram gaya


geser, dan diagram momen lentur

Shamser Prakash 1990

Diagram Koefesien Kq & Kc

Shamser Prakash 1990

Prosedur
1.

Membagi penampang tanah ke dalam beberapa layer

2.

Menentukan Zux dan k untuk setiap layer dan


menghitung px tiap layernya, dan plot sesuai
kedalaman

3.

Mengasumsikan poin rotasi pada kedalaman x


dibawah tanah, dan menentukan momen mengenai
poin aplikasi dari lateral load (Q)

4.

Jika momen lebih kecil atau mendekati 0, maka nilai x


benar. Namun jika tidak ulangi step 1-3 hingga
momennya mendekati 0

5.

Setelah x diketahui, tentukan momen center of


rotation nya selanjutnya hitung nilai Q

Shamser Prakash 1990

Penyelesaian :

Broms Method

Teori
Advantages

Applicable for short and long piles

Consider both purely cohesive soil (c=0) and


purely cohesionless soil (=0)

Consider both free-head an fixed-head

Disadvantages

Not applicable to
layered system
Does not consider c soil

Free-head or Fixed Head

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free-head

Fixed-head

Short Pile or Long Pile

Short Pile

L/T 2 atau L/R 2

L/T 4 atau
L/RPile
3.5
Long

Shamser Prakash 1990

Short Pile

FREEHEAD

L/T 2 atau L/R 2

Cohesive Soil

Cohesionless Soil

p = 0 di permukaan
p = 9cuB di bawab 1.5B

Shamser Prakash 1990

P = unit soil pressure (reaction)


v= effective overburden pressure at any depth
= effective unit weight of soil
L = embedded length of pile

p = 3BvKp = 3LBKp

Shamser Prakash 1990

Short Pile

FREEHEAD

L/T 2 atau L/R 2

Cohesionless Soil

Moment about the toe

Shamser Prakash 1990

p = 3BvKp = 3LBKp

Mmax pada kealaman x0,


shear force = 0

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

Short Pile

FREEHEAD

L/T 2 atau L/R 2

Cohesive Soil

1.5B + x0 di bawah tanah


p = 0 di permukaan
p = 9cuB di bawab 1.5B

L x0
Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

FIXED-HEAD

Short Pile
L/T 2 atau L/R 2

Cohesive Soil

Cohesionless Soil

p = 0 di permukaan
p = 9cuB di bawab 1.5B

p = 3BvKp = 3LBKp

Shamser Prakash 1990

P = unit soil pressure (reaction)


v= effective overburden pressure at any depth
= effective unit weight of soil
L = embedded length of pile

FIXED-HEAD

Short Pile
L/T 2 atau L/R 2

Cohesionless Soil

H = 0

p = 3BvKp = 3LBKp

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

FIXED-HEAD

Short Pile
L/T 2 atau L/R 2

Cohesive Soil

p = 0 di permukaan

H = 0

p = 9cuB di bawab 1.5B

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

FREEHEAD

Long Pile
L/T 4 atau L/R 3.5

Cohesive Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Cohesionless Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Long Pile

FREEHEAD

L/T 4 atau L/R 3.5


Cohesionless Soil
Shamser Prakash 1990

Mmax pada kealaman x0,


shear force = 0

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

Long Pile

FREEHEAD

L/T 4 L/R 3.5

Cohesive Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

FIXED-HEAD

Long Pile
L/T 4 L/R 3.5

Cohesive Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Cohesionless Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

FIXED-HEAD

Long Pile
L/T 4 atau L/R 3.5
Cohesionless Soil

Maximum soil reaction at depth x0

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

FIXED-HEAD

Long Pile
L/T 4 atau L/R 3.5
Cohesive Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

Cohesionless Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Cohesive Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Contoh Soal
Cohesionless Soil

Contoh Soal
Cohesive Soil

Free-head

Fixed-head

Subgrade Reaction Approach


Method (Reese & Matlock, 1960)

Subgrade Reaction
Approach Method

Sebuah metode yang menganggap lapisan-lapisan


tanah berupa pegas yang disusun secara rapat.

Shamser Prakash 1990

Subgrade Reaction
Approach Method

Metode ini hanya dapat digunakan pada fondasi


yang panjang, yaitu : Panjang tiang (L) > 5T untuk
cohesionless dan L > 4R untuk cohesive.

Dimana T dan R merupakan :


For Cohesionless
soil
For Cohesive Soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Prinsip Superposisi untuk mencari total defleksi

Elastic Approach
(Poulos,1971)

Elastic Approach (Poulos,1971)


The pile displacements have been obtained from beam on
elastic foundation
E = Modulus elatisistas pile
I = Momen Inersia
Shamser Prakash 1990

Assuming soil modulus E increasing linearly with depth


expressed as follows
Nh = nh pada subgrade reaction approach
Shamser Prakash 1990

Advantage
Disadvantage

Assume the surrounding soil as an elastic


continuum
for varying modulus with depth and layered system
Cohesionless and cohesive

Needs more field verification

Elastic Approach (Poulos,1971)


for cohesionless soil

Free-Head Pile
IpH = Faktor yang mempengaruhi
elastisitas untuk perpindahan yang
disebabkan oleh beban horizontal

Shamser Prakash 1990

IpM = Faktor yang mempengaruhi


elastisitas untuk perpindahan yang
disebabkan oleh beban horizontal

Fixed-Head Pile
IpH = influence factor= rasio dari
perpindahan pile di elastic soil dengan pile
di yielding soil
Shamser Prakash 1990

Elastic Approach (Poulos,1971)


for Cohesive soil

Free-Head Pile

Shamser Prakash 1990

Rotation

IpH = Faktor yang mempengaruhi


elastisitas untuk perpindahan yang
disebabkan oleh beban horizontal
IpM = Faktor yang mempengaruhi
elastisitas untuk perpindahan yang
disebabkan oleh beban horizontal
Flexibility Factor (KR)

Shamser Prakash 1990


Shamser Prakash 1990

Elastic Approach (Poulos,1971)


for Cohesive soil

Fixed-Head Pile
IpH = influence factor = rasio
dari perpindahan pile di elastic
soil dengan pile di yielding soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free Head cohesionless


soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free Head
cohesionless soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Fixed Head
cohesionless soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Fixed Head
cohesionless soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free Head cohesive


soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free Head cohesive


soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free Head cohesive


soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Shamser Prakash 1990

Fixed Head cohesive


soil

Shamser Prakash 1990

Free Head-cohessionless
soil

Penyelesaian :

TERIMAKASIH

REFERENSI

Pile Foundations in engineering practice, sharmer


prakash 1990