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I.

Penentuan Titik Akhir Reaksi Dengan Metode Titrasi Netralisasi


_3P_4 + HCl
Indikator
mm
3.6
3.6
3.6
0
8.8

6.7
6.7
5.515
0
5.515

Indikator
pp
mm
1
9.7
2
8.7
9.2
0.7071067812
9.215

4.5
4.5
4.5
0
5.715

Volume (ml)

pp
1
2

rata-rata
Std. Dev.
pH rata-rata
_3P_4 + NaOH
Volume (ml)

rata-rata
Std. Dev.
pH rata-rata

II. Penentuan Titik Akhir Reaksi Dengan Metode Potensiometri


_(3 )P_4 + NaOH
V(ml)

pH 1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

V(ml)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

pH 2
1.98
2.09
2.29
2.6
3.07
5.96
6.71
7.15
7.56
8.69
11.22

pH rata-rata
V1
2.005
2.105
2.315
2.645
3.275
6.175
6.825
7.25
7.735
9.745

pH rata-rata
2.03
2.005
2.12
2.105
2.34
2.315
2.69
2.645
3.48
3.275
6.39
6.175
6.94
6.825
7.35
7.25
7.91
7.735
10.8
9.745
11.49
11.355
pH/V
0.5
1.5
2.5
3.5
4.5
5.5
6.5
7.5
8.5
9.5

0.1
0.21
0.33
0.63
2.9
0.65
0.425
0.485
2.01
1.61

10

11.355 -

1. GRAFIK
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
-2
-4

10

12

2. GRAN PLOT
_3P_4 +NaOH
V NaOH (ml)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

10 ^()
V X

10 ^()

pHr
2.005
2.105
2.315
2.645
3.275
6.175
6.825
7.25
7.735
9.745
11.355

0.0098855309
0.0078523563
0.0048417237
0.0022646443
0.0005308844
6.683439176E-007
1.496235656E-007
5.623413252E-008
1.840772001E-008
1.798870915E-010
4.415704474E-012

0
0.0078523563
0.0096834474
0.0067939329
0.0021235378
3.3417196E-006
8.9774139E-007
3.9363893E-007
1.4726176E-007
1.6189838E-009
4.4157045E-011

V x 10^-pH
0.012
0.01
0.008

V X 10^-pH

0.006
f(x) = - 0.0006924458x + 0.0058675068
R = 0.370238519

0.004
0.002
0

10

12

V (ml)

0-2 mL
0.012
0.01

f(x) = 0.0048417237x + 0.0010035442


R = 0.8858317072

0.008

V X 10^-pH

0.006
0.004
0.002
0

0.5

V (ml)

1.5

2.5

0.004
0.002
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

V (ml)

3-5 mL
0.008
0.007
0.006

f(x) = - 0.0033952956x + 0.0165547865


R = 0.955098593

0.005

V X 10^-pH

0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0
2.5

3.5

4.5

5.5

V (ml)

6-8 mL
0.000001
0.0000008

f(x) = - 3.75239816769572E-007x + 3.10622607785615E-006


R = 0.9621758248

0.0000006

V X 10^-pH

0.0000004
0.0000002
0
5.5

6.5

7.5

8.5

V (ml)

9-10 mL
1.8E-009
1.6E-009
1.4E-009
1.2E-009

V X 10^-pH

f(x) = - 1.57482677888057E-009x + 1.57924248335411E-008


R = 1

0.000000001
8E-010
6E-010
4E-010
2E-010
0
8.8

9.2

9.4

V (ml)

9.6

9.8

10

10.2

V X 10^-pH

0.000000001
8E-010
6E-010
4E-010
2E-010
0
8.8

9.2

9.4

9.6

9.8

10

10.2

V (ml)

_3P_4 +HCl
V (ml)

pH 2

pH 1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

V (ml)

12.13
11.94
11.62
10.92
7.7
7.01
6.3
7.16
2.52
pHr

pHr
12.14
12.04
11.81
11.37
8.27
7.31
6.64
5.65
2.74

12.135
11.99
11.715
11.145
7.985
7.16
6.47
6.405
2.63
pH/V

V1

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

12.135
11.99
11.715
11.145
7.985
7.16
6.47
6.405
2.63 -

0.5
1.5
2.5
3.5
4.5
5.5
6.5
7.5

-0.145
-0.275
-0.57
-3.16
-0.825
-0.69
-0.065
-3.775
-

Chart Title
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6

3-5 mL
12
10
8

V X 10^-pH

6
4
2
0
2.5

3 f(x) =
R = 0

3.5

4.5

5.5

V (ml)

6-8 mL
12
10
8

V X 10^-pH

6
4
2
0
5.5

6 f(x) =
R = 0

6.5

V (ml)

7.5

8.5

V2

(pHr/V)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

0.11
0.12
0.3
2.27
-2.25
-0.225
0.06
1.525
-0.4
-

10

12

10

12

2.5

2.5

+ 0.0165547865

4.5

5.5

7x + 3.10622607785615E-006

7.5

8.5

9x + 1.57924248335411E-008

9.8

10

10.2

9.8

10

10.2

V2

(pHr/V)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

-0.13
-0.295
-2.59
2.335
0.135
0.625
-3.71
-

4.5

5.5

8.5