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Tabel 7.1.

Metode perhitungan mortaltas alami dari


persamaan (7.12) dan (7.14) dari data Selaroides leptolepis di
pantai Thailand. Sumber : Boonyubel dan Hongskul, 1978.
Tahun
Effort
n
L
Z1
Z2
1966
2.08
4.733
13.25
2.41
2.95
1967
2.08 11.902
13.01
2.09
3.24
1968
3.5 12.503
12.99
2.72
3.27
1969
3.6
9.06
13.07
2.62
3.16
1970
3.8
8.132
12.37
3.73
4.29
1971
7.19
3.635
12.3
3.88
4.44
1972
9.94
10.51
12.01
4.61
5.14
1973
6.06
7.96
12.6
3.3
3.85
X
4.78125 8.554375 12.7
3.17
3.7925
* Lmak = 20,0
Lc = 10,0
K = 1,16

Z 1=
Z2 =

K ( Lmak L )

2.41
2.69

LLc
n. K
L L
( n+1 ) . Loge mak
Lmak Lc

-2.44 /tahun
2.99 /tahun

Tabel 7.2. Data frekwensi panjang dari Yellow stripped goat fish Upeneus vittatus
yang ditangkap dari teluk Manila, Philipina.
N (#) Ln N_dt
Klas Mid
Umur
Length (L)
(y)
relatif (x) LnN (Y) L+L/2 (x)
6.5
7.5
8.5
9.5
10.5
11.5
12.5
13.5
14.5
15.5
16.5
17.5
18.5
19.5
20.5
21.5
22.5
23.5

3
143
271
318
416
488
614
613
493
278
93
73
7
2
2
0
1
1

1.10
4.96
5.60
5.76
6.03
6.19
6.42
6.42
6.20
5.63
4.53
4.29
1.95
0.69
0.69
Err:502
0.00
0.00

0.56
0.67
0.78
0.90
1.03
1.17
1.32
1.49
1.67
1.88
2.12
2.40
2.74
3.15
3.70
4.53
6.19
Err:502

3.86
0.64
0.16
0.27
0.16
0.23
0.00
-0.22
-0.57
-1.10
-0.24
-2.34
-1.25
0.00
Err:502
Err:502
0.00
0.00

7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00

a=
b=
Z=
N0 =

Nt = N0.e-Z.t

t =

Ln {1 ( Lt / Lmak )
k

Ln Nt = a - b.t
Ln Nt = Ln N0 - Z.t

1. Mid Length = pengukuran dalam to


2. N = Jumlah individu hasil tangkap p

3. Umur relatif dihitung dengan menggunak

4. Lmak = 23,1 cm , TL
k
= 0,59
T
= 280C
L =

Natural Mortality (M): FISAT II, Pe

Ln M = -0,0066 0,279 ln L + 0,6543


SPL rata-rata tahunan (T) = 28C
Ln M =
M=
Z=
F=
E=

/th

ditransformasi menjadi :

M/K =
Lc/L =

Ln Nt = Ln N0 Z.t .. (7.9)

E > 0,5, atau F > M, maka Stat


E = 0,5, atau F > M, maka Stat
E < 0,5, atau F < M, maka Stat

Grafik penurunan populasi adalah linier negatif:


koefisien arah (b) = Z dan intersep (a) = Ln N0.

Lc =

Y = a +- b*X

LENGTH-FREQUENCY DATA ANALISYS

Ln {1 ( Lt / Lmak ) }
k

+ t0
SUMMARY OUTPUT

Nt = Ln N0 - Z.t

Mid Length = pengukuran dalam total length (cm)


N = Jumlah individu hasil tangkap pada klas mid

Multiple R

0.98295655

mur relatif dihitung dengan menggunakan persamaan (7.16).

R Square

0.9662035792

Lmak = 23,1 cm , TL
= 0,59
= 280C

Adjusted R Square

0.9594442951

Standard Error

0.4384867973

Regression Statistics

Observations

24.3158

ural Mortality (M): FISAT II, Pers. Pauly (1980) eq

ANOVA
df

M = -0,0066 0,279 ln L + 0,6543 ln K + 0,463 ln T


rata-rata tahunan (T) = 28C

Regression

Residual

Total

0.300656

Coefficients

1.350745

Intercept

12.197899802

3.601761

X Variable 1

-3.601761257

2.251016
0.624977 Status perikanan, karena nilai E 0.5

SUMMARY OUTPUT

2.289398
0.550085

> 0,5, atau F > M, maka Status Perikanan Over Fishing


= 0,5, atau F > M, maka Status Perikanan MSY
< 0,5, atau F < M, maka Status Perikanan Under Fishing

Regression Statistics
Multiple R

0.7146293814

R Square

0.5106951527

Adjusted R Square

0.4699197488

Standard Error

0.9934607484

Observations
13.37575

14

ANOVA
df
Regression
Residual
Total

1
12
13

Intercept
X Variable 1

Coefficients
3.1178843711
-0.233099716

SS

MS

Significance F

27.4840658542 27.484065854 142.944660552 7.21723E-005


0.9613533569 0.1922706714
28.445419211
Standard Error

t Stat

P-value

Lower 95%

Upper 95% Lower 95.0%


Upper 95.0%

0.6855932004 17.791745594 1.029491E-005 10.435526374 13.960273229 10.43553 13.96027


0.3012527037 -11.95594666 7.217233E-005 -4.376155985 -2.827366529 -4.376156 -2.827367

SS

MS

Significance F

12.3613211425 12.361321143 12.5245884375 0.0040782503


11.8435711042 0.9869642587
24.2048922468
Standard Error
t Stat
0.927983529 3.3598488267
0.0658658063 -3.539009528

P-value
Lower 95%
Upper 95% Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
0.0056757783 1.0959819524 5.1397867898 1.095982 5.139787
0.0040782503 -0.37660898 -0.089590452 -0.376609 -0.08959

t
N
0 198,372.00
1 146,957.59
2 108,868.86
3
80,652.04
4
59,748.50
5
44,262.78
6
32,790.67
7
24,291.93
8
17,995.90
9
13,331.69
10
9,876.36
11
7,316.59
12
5,420.26
13
4,015.43
14
2,974.70
15
2,203.71
16
1,632.55
17
1,209.42
18
895.96
19
663.75
20
491.72
21
364.27
22
269.86
23
199.92
24
148.10
25
109.72
26
81.28
27
60.21
28
44.61
29
33.05
30
24.48

Nt= N 0 ExpZt

250,000.00

N (jum individu, #)

200,000.00

150,000.00

"n (jum in
100,000.00

50,000.00

0.00

a=
no

du, #)

"n (jum individu

Ln N0
anti Ln a

t
N
0 15,000.00
1 11,112.27
2 8,232.17
3 6,098.54
4 4,517.91
5 3,346.95
6 2,479.48
7 1,836.85
8 1,360.77
9 1,008.08
10
746.81
11
553.25
12
409.86
13
303.63
14
224.93
15
166.63
16
123.45
17
91.45
18
67.75
19
50.19
20
37.18
21
27.54
22
20.41
23
15.12
24
11.20
25
8.30
26
6.15
27
4.55
28
3.37
29
2.50
30
1.85

Nt= N 0 Exp
16,000.00
14,000.00
12,000.00
10,000.00
8,000.00
6,000.00
4,000.00
2,000.00
0.00

Zt