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# DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR......................................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI................................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR TABEL............................................................................................. v
DAFTAR GAMBAR........................................................................................ vi
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.................................................................................... vii
MODUL I STATISTIK DESKRIPTIF
BAB I PENDAHULUAN.................................................................................. 1
1.1 Latar Belakang................................................................................... 1
1.2 Batasan Praktikum............................................................................. 1
1.3 Tujuan Praktikum................................................................................ 1
1.4 Manfaat Praktikum............................................................................. 2
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA.........................................................................3
2.1 Statistik dan Statistika.......................................................................3
2.1.1 Definisi Statistik........................................................................3
2.1.2 Definisi Statistika......................................................................3
2.2 Pembagian Jenis Data.........................................................................3
2.2.1 Berdasarkan Sifat Variabel........................................................3
2.2.2 Berdasarkan Skala Pengukuran Data........................................4
2.2.3 Berdasarkan Sumber Data........................................................4
2.2.4 Berdasarkan Waktu Pengumpulan Data....................................5
2.3 Statistik Deskriptif.............................................................................. 5
2.3.1 Ukuran Pemusatan....................................................................5
2.3.2 Ukuran Variabilitas....................................................................6
2.3.3 Ukuran Posisi.............................................................................7
2.3.4 Bentuk Distribusi.......................................................................9
2.3.5 Penyajian Data........................................................................10
BAB III METODOLOGI PRAKTIKUM..........................................................12
3.1 Diagram Alir Praktikum....................................................................12
3.1 Prosedur Praktikum..........................................................................13
BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN...........................................................14
4.1 Pengumpulan Data...........................................................................14
4.2 Pengolahan Data.............................................................................. 14
4.2.1 Pengolahan Data dengan Minitab............................................14
4.2.1 Pengolahan Data Manual.........................................................17

## 4.3 Penyajian Data................................................................................. 18

BAB V PENUTUP......................................................................................... 50
5.1 Kesimpulan....................................................................................... 20
5.2 Saran................................................................................................ 20
MODUL II TEORI PROBABILITAS
BAB I PENDAHULUAN................................................................................ 21
1.1 Latar Belakang................................................................................. 21
1.2 Batasan Praktikum........................................................................... 21
1.3 Tujuan Praktikum.............................................................................. 21
1.4 Manfaat Praktikum........................................................................... 22
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA.......................................................................23
2.1 Probabilitas....................................................................................... 23
2.2 Eksperimen...................................................................................... 23
2.2.1 Titik Sampel............................................................................23
2.2.2 Ruang Sampel.........................................................................23
2.2.3 Outcome.................................................................................. 23
2.2.4 Contoh Percobaan, Outcome, dan Ruang Sampel...................24
2.3 Kejadian........................................................................................... 24
2.3.1 Irisan Dua Kejadian (Kejadian Saling Terikat)..........................24
2.3.2 Kejadian Saling Bebas.............................................................24
2.3.3 Kejadian Saling Lepas (Saling Meniadakan)............................25
2.3.4 Paduan Dua Kejadian..............................................................26
2.3.5 Contoh Kejadian Saling Lepas dan Paduan Dua Kejadian........27
2.3.6 Komplemen Suatu Kejadian.....................................................27
2.3.7 Probabilitas Bersyarat.............................................................28
2.4 Permutasi......................................................................................... 29
2.4.1 Permutasi n Objek yang Disusun pada n Tempat (Permutasi
Menyeluruh)...............................................................................29
2.4.2 Permutasi n Objek yang Disusun pada r Tempat.....................30
2.4.3 Permutasi Keliling................................................................... 30
2.4.4 Permutasi Data Berkelompok..................................................30
2.5 Kombinasi......................................................................................... 31
2.5.1 Kombinasi n Objek yang Disusun pada r Tempat.....................31
2.5.2 Kommbinasi n Objek yang Disusun pada n Tempat.................32
BAB III METODOLOGI PRAKTIKUM..........................................................33
3.1 Diagram Alir Praktikum....................................................................33
3.2 Alat dan Bahan Praktikum................................................................34
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## 3.2.1 Alat dan Bahan Percobaan Peluang.........................................34

3.2.2 Alat dan Bahan Percobaan Permutasi dan Kombinasi..............34
3.3 Prosedur Praktikum..........................................................................34
3.3.1 Prosedur Percobaan Peluang...................................................34
3.3.2 Prosedur Percobaan Permutasi dan Kombinasi........................35
BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN...........................................................36
4.1 Pengumpulan Data ..........................................................................36
4.1.1 Data Peluang ..........................................................................36
4.1.2 Data Permutasi dan Kombinasi ...............................................36
4.1.2.1 Permutasi Menyeluruh
4.1.2.2 Permutasi Sebagian

............................................36
...............................................37

## 4.1.2.3 Permutasi Keliling (n = 4) ..............................................37

4.1.2.4 Permutasi Data Berkelompok (n=4)...............................37
4.2.2.5 Kombinasi Sebagian (

)................................................37

## 4.2 Pengolahan Data ............................................................................. 38

4.2.1 Pengolahan Peluang ...............................................................38
4.2.1.1 Peluang Irisan ................................................................38
4.2.1.2 Peluang Paduan .............................................................39
4.2.1.3 Peluang Bersyarat..........................................................39
4.2.2 Pengolahan Permutasi ............................................................40
4.2.2.1 Permutasi Menyeluruh....................................................40
4.2.2.2 Permutasi Sebagian.......................................................40
4.2.2.2 Permutasi Keliling...........................................................41
4.2.2.2 Permutasi Kelompok.......................................................41
4.2.3 Pengolahan Kombinasi............................................................41
BAB V PENUTUP......................................................................................... 42
5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................................... 42
5.2 Saran ............................................................................................... 42
MODUL III DISTRIBUSI PROBABILITAS
BAB I PENDAHULUAN................................................................................ 43
1.1 Latar Belakang................................................................................. 43
1.2 Batasan Praktikum........................................................................... 43
1.3 Tujuan Praktikum.............................................................................. 43
1.4 Manfaat Praktikum........................................................................... 44
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA.......................................................................45
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## 2.1 Distribusi Probabilitas.......................................................................45

2.2 Distribusi Probabilitas Diskrit............................................................45
2.2.1 Distribusi Geometrik................................................................45
2.3 Distribusi Probabilitas Kontinyu........................................................46
2.3.1 Distribusi Eksponensial...........................................................46
2.3 Fungsi Massa Probabilitas.................................................................47
2.4 Fungsi Kepadatan Probabilitas..........................................................47
2.5 Fungsi Distribusi Kumulatif...............................................................48
BAB III METODOLOGI PRAKTIKUM..........................................................50
3.1 Diagram Alir Praktikum....................................................................50
3.2 Alat dan Bahan Praktikum................................................................51
3.2.1 Alat dan Bahan Percobaan Peluang.........................................51
3.2.2 Alat dan Bahan Percobaan Permutasi dan Kombinasi..............51
3.3 Prosedur Praktikum..........................................................................51
3.3.1 Prosedur Praktikum Distribusi Geometrik................................51
3.3.2 Prosedur Praktikum Distribusi Eksponensial............................52
BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN...........................................................53
4.1 Pengumpulan Data ..........................................................................53
4.1.1 Data Distribusi Diskrit Geometrik ...........................................53
4.1.2 Data Distribusi Kontinyu .........................................................53
4.2 Pengolahan Data ............................................................................. 54
4.2.1 Pengolahan Data Distribusi Diskrit Geometrik ........................54
4.2.1.1 Pengolahan SPSS ...........................................................54
4.2.1.2 Pengolahan Microsoft Excel ...........................................55
4.2.1.3 Pengolahan Data Secara Manual....................................56
4.2.1.4 Perbedaan Hasil Pengolahan Empiris dan Teoritis..........56
4.2.2 Pengolahan Data Distribusi Kontinyu......................................57
4.2.2.1 Pengolahan Data Distribusi Eksponensial dengan SPSS. 57
4.2.2.2 Pengolahan Data Distribusi Eksponensial dengan Microsoft
Excel.......................................................................................... 58
4.2.2.3 Perhitungan Manual Teoritis dan Empiris........................59
4.2.2.4 Perbedaan Hasil Pengolahan Empiris dan Teoritis..........61
4.2.3 Pengolahan Kombinasi............................................................61
BAB V PENUTUP......................................................................................... 62
5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................................... 62
5.2 Saran ............................................................................................... 62

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## MODUL IV STATISTIK INFERENSIA

BAB I PENDAHULUAN................................................................................ 63
1.1 Latar Belakang................................................................................. 63
1.2 Batasan Praktikum........................................................................... 63
1.3 Tujuan Praktikum.............................................................................. 64
1.4 Manfaat Praktikum........................................................................... 64
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA.......................................................................65
2.1 Statistik Inferensia............................................................................65
2.1.1 Pengujian Hipotesis.................................................................65
2.1.2 Prosedur Pengujian Hipotesis..................................................65
2.1.3 Jenis Pengujian Hipotesis.........................................................65
2.1.3.1 Berdasakan Jenis Parameter...........................................66
2.1.3.1 Berdasakan Arah Pengujian............................................66
2.1.3 Kesalahan Dalam Pengujian Hipotesis.....................................67
2.2 Statistik Parametrik dan Non Parametrik..........................................67
2.2.1 Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Metode Statistik Non Parametrik. .68
2.3 Pengujian Statistik Parametrik..........................................................69
2.3.1 Uji Beda (Independent Sample T-Test).....................................69
2.3.2 Pengujian Hipotesis Dua Rata-rata..........................................69
2.1.3.1 Pengujian Hipotesis pada Dua Rata-rata (Variansi Diketahui)
................................................................................................... 69
2.1.3.1 Pengujian Hipotesis pada Dua Rata-rata (Variansi Tidak
Diketahui)...................................................................................69
2.4 Pengujian Statistik Non Parametrik..................................................70
2.4.1 Uji Cochran..............................................................................70
2.5 ANOVA.............................................................................................. 71
2.5.1 Pengertian ANOVA...................................................................71
2.5.2 Klasifikasi ANOVA....................................................................72
2.5.2.1 Two Way ANOVA.............................................................72
2.5.3 Langkah Pengujian ANOVA......................................................72
2.5.3.1 One Way ANOVA.............................................................72
2.5.3.2 Two Way ANOVA.............................................................73
2.5.4 After ANOVA Test....................................................................75
2.5.4.1 Tukey Test......................................................................76
BAB III METODOLOGI PRAKTIKUM..........................................................77
3.1 Diagram Alir Praktikum....................................................................77
3.2 Alat dan Bahan Praktikum................................................................78
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## 3.3 Prosedur Praktikum..........................................................................78

3.3.1 Prosedur Praktikum Statistik Parametrik.................................78
3.3.2 Prosedur Praktikum Statistik Non Parametrik..........................78
3.3.2 Prosedur Praktikum ANOVA.....................................................79
BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN...........................................................80
4.1 Pengumpulan Data ..........................................................................80
4.1.1 Data Statistik Parametrik .......................................................80
4.1.2 Data Statistik Non Parametrik ................................................80
4.1.2 Data ANOVA ........................................................................... 81
4.2 Pengolahan Data ............................................................................. 82
4.2.1 Statistik Parametrik ................................................................82
4.2.1.1 Pengujian Independent Sample T- Test ..........................82
4.2.1.1.1 Pengolahan Data dengan Software .................82
4.2.1.1.2 Pengolahan Data Secara Manual......................84
4.2.1.2 Analisis dan Interpretasi Hasil Pengujian Independent
Sample T- Test ...........................................................................
4.2.2 ANOVA..................................................................................... 85
4.2.2.1 Pengujian ANOVA.........................................................85
4.2.2.1.1 Pengolahan Data dengan Software .................85
4.2.2.1.1.1 Pengujian Kenormalan ........................85
4.2.2.1.1.2 Pengujian Homogenitas ......................87
4.2.2.1.1.3 Uji Two Way ANOVA .............................88
4.2.2.1.1.4 After ANOVA Test.................................89
4.2.2.1.2 Pengolahan Secara Manual..............................91
4.2.2.1.2.1 Two Way ANOVA ..................................91
4.2.2.1.2.2 After ANOVA Test.................................93
4.2.2.1 Analisa dan Interprestasi Hasil Pengujian ANOVA.........94
4.2.3 Statistik Non Parametrik........................................................95
4.2.3.1 Pengujian Q Cochran....................................................95
4.2.3.1.1 Pengolahan Data dengan Software .................95
4.2.3.1.2 Pengolahan Data Secara Manual......................97
4.2.2.1 Analisa dan Interprestasi Hasil Uji Q Cochran..............98
BAB V PENUTUP......................................................................................... 99
5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................................... 99
5.2 Saran ............................................................................................... 99

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