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John David Vereen


Mrs. DeBock
English IV Honors
10/27/15
Essential Question: Is physical activity essential in childhood development
Working Thesis: Physical activity as a child can increase development among children.
Revised Thesis: Physical activity can help childrens motor skills, coordination, and many other
physical attributes develop faster than without exercise.
Service Annotated Bibliography
Bayazit, Betul. "The Effect Of Sport Games On Children's Psychomotor
Development." International Journal Of Academic Research 6.2 (2014): 5559. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
In this article, the development of psychomotor skills of children. This is the ability or
skill of someone to preform acts that require coordination such as standing on one foot or
catching a ball. In this study, 28 kids were used, 14 of each gender, and all of whom were 7 years
old. These boys and girls were put through 10 weeks of physical activity 3 times a week for 60
minutes. The kids that took part in the experiment were recorded completing various hand eye
coordination related activities before and after the 10 weeks. At the end of the experiment,
collectively, almost all of their scores increased on the various activities.

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Golle, Kathleen, et al. "Effect Of Living Area And Sports Club Participation On Physical Fitness
In Children: A 4 Year Longitudinal Study." BMC Public Health 14.1 (2014): 834850. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
This article also outlines an experiment that tests the physical capabilities of children who
participate in youth sports and children that do not. For this experiment, 172 kids who ranged
from 9-12 years old were used and the genders of the children were split nicely for a random
sample. The children were tested for physical endurance, fitness, strength, coordination, and
flexibility. Many of the kids who were taking part in this experiment did not participate in sports
and averagely, the kids who did not participate in sports did worse on the majority of the tests
than kids who played sports.
Hebert, Jeffrey J., et al. "Organized Sport Participation Is Associated With Higher Levels Of
Overall Health-Related Physical Activity In Children (CHAMPS Study-DK)." Plos
ONE10.8 (2015): 1-12. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
This document discusses the issue of physical inactivity and how it is largely effecting
the youth of America. It is stated that physical inactivity is one of the largest killers in the United
States yearly. An experiment was conducted for this document to show how physical activity can
decrease obesity rates and increase overall health. The experiment consisted of 10 schools in
Denmark and the sixth graders at those schools. Five of the schools sixth graders received 90
minutes of exercise a week while the other 5 schools kids received 270 minutes of exercise a
week. The results showed that the children who received more physical exercise were overall
healthier than the kids that received less.

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Issitt, Micah. "The Perks And Pitfalls Of Youth Sports." Points Of View: Reference Shelf- Sports
Culture (2014): 1. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
Jaekwon, Na. "Parents' Perceptions Of Their Children's Experiences In Physical Education And
Youth Sport." Physical Educator 72.1 (2015): 139-167. Health Source - Consumer
Edition. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
The experiment that was tested here was not on youth playing sports but, the parents of
children who take place in physical activities. Different parents from different economic and
social classes and situations were used to collect the data for this experiment. All of the parents
that were asked agreed that physical education class in school was a good thing and important for
their child to be in, however, many of the parents agreed that their kids needed more than PE in
order to remain healthy and fit, such as outside sports. Many of the parents said that they did not
believe that their kids received enough help in PE and additional work was needed.
Wells, Mary Sara, et al. "Good (Youth) Sports: Using Benefits-Based Programming To Increase
Sportsmanship." Journal Of Park & Recreation Administration 26.1 (2008): 121. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.
This article discusses how sports effect sportsmanship among children who play sports.
The article suggests that over the past few years, sportsmanship has drastically decreases and
reports of violence, fighting, and negative behavior has been reported by many sports clubs from
their children. The reason that this needs to be fixed as stated by the document is that kids may
feel so discouraged that they quit their sport, however that trend is credited as a reason childhood
obesity and less physically active children are around today. This article discusses a reward

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system for children who display good sportsmanship as a way to keep children in sports and
decrease the current trend of increasing children who are less physically active.