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fhapd; totk; mfykhft[k; jl;ilahft[k; jl;ilahd ePz;l fha;fs;

tpijapd; epwk; fUg;g[ gGg;g[


100 tpij vil (fpuhk;) 38.4 35.2

II gaph; nkyhz;ik
epyk; jahhpj;jy;
epyj;ij ed;whf cH ntz;Lk;. g[jh; tiffSf;F ghj;jpfSk;/ ge;jy; tiffSf;F FHpfisa[k;
mikf;ft[k;.

tpija[k; tpijg;g[k;
tpijast[
,uf';fs; tpijast[ jdpg;gaph; fpnyh / vf;lh; fyg;g[g;gaph;
nfh 12 20 10
nfh 13 25 -

tpij neh;j;jp : tpijg;gjw;F 24 kzp neuj;jpw;F Kd;g[ tpijfis fhh;gd;lhrpk; my;yJ jpuhk; 2 fpuhk; xU
fpnyh tpijf;F vd;w mstpy; tpij neh;j;jp bra;a ntz;Lk;.
tpijfs;: fPHf;fz;l ,ilbtspapy; Cd;w ntz;Lk;.

,uf';fs; ,ilbtsp
nfh 12 45 br. kP x 15 br. kP.
nfh 13 45 br. kP x 30 br. kP.

xU';fpize;j Cl;lr;rj;J nkyhz;ik


cukpLjy; : moa[ukhf vf;lUf;F fPH;f;fz;l mstpy; cuk; ,l ntz;Lk;.
gaph; XU vf;lUf;F ,lntz;oa rj;Jf;fs; (fpnyh)
jiH kzp rhk;gy; fe;jfk;
mtiu khdhthhp 12.5 25 12.5 10 *
,wit 25 50 25 20 *
Fwpg;g[ : kzpr;rj;ij Ng;gh; gh!;ngl; cuk; \yk; ,ltpy;iy vdpy; $pg;rk; \ykhf fe;jfj;ij ,lt[k;.
fis fl;Lg;ghL kw;Wk; gpd;bra; neh;j;jp
fis eph;thfk; : tpijj;j 20 Kjy; 25 ehl;fSf;Fs; xU fisa[k;/ gpd;g[ 45-tJ ehspy; xU fisa[k; vLf;f
ntz;Lk;.
ePh; eph;thfk;
tpijj;jt[ld; ePh; gha;r;r ntz;Lk;. tpijj;j \d;W ehl;fs; fHpj;J caph;j; jz;zPh; fl;l ntz;Lk;. kz;
kw;Wk; gUtepiyiag; bghWj;J/ 15-20 ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw ePh; fl;l ntz;Lk;. gaph; g{f;Fk; jUzj;jpYk;/
fha;f;Fk; jUzj;jpYk;/ ePh; fl;l ntz;oaJ kpf mtrpak;.
mWtil
fha;fspd; epwk; gGg;ghf khwpat[ld; mWtil bra;a ntz;Lk;. Edp fha;fis mg;g[wg;gLj;jp/ fha;fis
fhaitj;J Fr;rpiaf; bfhz;L cilj;J tpijfis gphpj;bjLf;f ntz;Lk;.

III. gaph;g; ghJfhg;g[


m. g[{r;rp nkyhz;ik

Kf;fpag; g[{r;rpfSf;fhd bghUshjhur; nrjepiy


g[{r;rpfs; bghUshjhur; nrjepiy
mRt[zp 2.5 br.kP. ePsj; jz;oy; 20 g{r;rpfs;
g[s;spf; fha;g;g[G brof;F 3 g[Gf;fs;
gr;irf; fha;g;g[G 10 rjk; jhf;fg;gl;lf; fha;fs;

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g[{[r;rp nkyhz;ik Kiwfs;
g[{r;rpfs; nkyhz;ik Kiwfs;
mRt[zp fPH;f;fz;l g[{r;rpf;bfhy;yp kUe;Jfspy; VnjDk; xd;wpid xU vf;lUf;F 500
yp. jz;zPhpy; fye;Jj; bjspf;ft[k; :
kPijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,.rp. 500 kp.yp.
ilkPnjhnal; 30 ,.rp. 500 kp.yp.
g[s;spf; fha;g;g[G fPH;f;fz;l g[{r;rpf;bfhy;yp kUe;Jfspy; VnjDk; xd;wpid xU vf;lUf;Fj;
J}tt[k; :
gr;irf; fha;g;g[G vd;nlhry;ghd; 4 rjj; J}s; 25 fp.fp.
ePytz;zj;Jg; g[{r;rp Fapdhy;gh!; 1.5 rjj; J}s; 25 fp.fp.
fha; ehtha;g; g[{r;rp ghrnyhd; 4 rjj; J}s; 25 fp.fp.
fhh;ghpy; 5 rjj; J}s; 25 fp.fp.
g[{ tz;L fPH;f;fz;l g[{r;rpf;bfhy;yp kUe;Jfspy; VnjDk; xd;wpid xU vf;lUf;F 500
yp. jz;zPhpy; fye;Jj; bjspf;ft[k; :
vd;nlhry;ghd; 35 ,.rp. 1.0 yp
khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 36 v!;.vy;. 500 kp.yp.
nrkpg;gpy; jhf;Fk; tpijfis 10 rjk; <ugjj;jpw;F cyh;j;jpa gpd;dh; nrkpf;ft[k;.
gaW tz;L FHpg; bghwp (m) jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf;fHfk; ,uz;Lk; xd;wpy;
tif fth;r;rpg; bghwpia itj;J/ tay;fspy; ,Ue;J bjhw;wp te;j
tz;Lfisf; fz;fhzpj;J/ mjw;nfw;g tpijfisf; fha itg;gjd; \yk;
Kl;ilfis mHpf;fyhk;.
fPH;f;fz;l bghUs;fspy; VnjDk; xd;wpid 100 fpnyh tpija[ld; fyf;ft[k;.
Cf;Ftpf;fg;gl;l fspkz; 1 fp.fp.
khyj;jpahd; 5 rjj; J}s; 1 fp.fp.
g[';fk; vz;bza; 1 yp.
j.eh.nt.g. ntg;bgz;bza; 60 ,.rp (rp) 1 yp.
khndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 36 v!;.vy;. 400 kp.yp.
tpijfis ghypj;jPd; cs;Siw bfhz;l rhf;Fg; igfspy; nrkpf;ft[k;.

M. neha; nkyhz:ik
tpij neh;j;jp lhy;fk; gt[liu bfhz:L jahhpf;fg;gl;l caphpay; g{";rhzf; bfhy;ypahd
oiuf;nfhblh;kh tphpo 4 fpuhk; (m) Nnlhnkhdh!; @g[Surd:!; 10 fpuhk; (m)
fhh;gd:lhrpk; (m) jpuk; 2 fpuhk; xU fpnyh tpijf;F vd:w tpfpjj;jpy; fye;J tpij
neh;j;jp bra;at[k;.

neha;fspd; bgah; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiw


Md;e;j;uf;ndh!; kw;Wk; nehapd: mwpFwp njhd:wpa[t[ld; bQf;lUf;F khd:nfhbrg; 1000 fpuhk; (m)
gpd:ndhf;fp fha;jy; fhh;gd:lhrpk; 250 fpuhk; / bQf;lh; bjspj;jy; ntz:Lk;. njit Vw;god: kPz:Lk;
xU Kiw 14 ehl;fs: ,ilbtspapy; bjspj;jy; ntz:Lk;.

,uf tpij cw]gj]jp


epyj; njh;t[
tpij cw;gj]jpf]Fj; njh]t[ bra]ag]gl]l epyk; jhd; njhd;wpg; gaph; mw;wjhf ,Uj;jy; ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ
njh;e;bjLf;fg;gl;l epyj;jpy; fle;j gUtj;jpy; gpw kw;Wk; mnj ,ufg;; gaph; gaphplg;;gl;oUf;ff; TlhJ.
mt;thW gaphplg;gl;oUe;jhy; rhd;wspg;g[j; Jiwapdhy; rhd;wspf;fg;gl;l mnj ,ufkhf ,Uj;jy;
ntz;Lk;.
gaph] tpyF J}uk]
tpij cw;gj;jpf;F tpijg; gapuhdJ gpw ,ufk] kw]Wk] rhd]W bgwhj mnj ,ufj]jpypUe]J taiyr; Rw;wp
5 kPl;lh; ,ilbtsp tpl;L ,Uj;jy; ntz;Lk;.
mWtil Kd] tpijg; ghJfhg;g[
fha]fis mWtil bra]a[k] Kd] (5-10 ehl]fs]) 0.07 rj khyj]jpahd] my]yJ 0.07 rj vz]nlhry]ghd]
kUe]jpid ,iytHpna bjspj]jy] ntz]Lk]. ,jdhy; nrkpg;gpy] gapW tz]od] jhf]Fjiyf]
fl]Lg]gLj]jyhk].

105