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Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Unit

Fractions,
Decimals, and
Percents

Get Ready MHR155

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

157MHR Chapter 4: Fractions, Decimals, and Percents

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

4.1 Warm Up
1. Write the fraction for each diagram.
1
a)

number of shaded parts


the number of parts in the whole b)

2. Draw a diagram to show each fraction.


a)

Example:

3
4

1
35
b)

10

3. Change each fraction to a decimal.


a)

12
______________
100

12 100

b)

3
______________
4

4. Write each percent as a decimal.

a) 30% =

b) 56%

100
5. Divide.
a) 12 2 =

b) 16 2 =

c) 8 4 =

d) 20 4 =

e) 20 10 =

f) 100 10 =

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


How are fractions, decimals, and percents used in
the media?
1. Collect headlines, articles, and advertisements
that show fractions, decimals, and percents.
Look in magazines, in newspapers, on
billboards, or on the Internet.
2. Glue or tape your headlines to a sheet of paper.

4.1 Connect Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR159

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

4.1 Connect Fractions, Decimals, and Percents


Example 1:Find a Percent of a Number
percent
out of 100

Use your money skills to think about fractions, decimals, and percents.

$0.25

$0.50

$0.10

1
of a dollar
4
25% of a dollar

1
of a dollar
2
50% of a dollar

1
of a dollar
10
10% of a dollar

a) Find 50% of $84.

b) Find 25% of $84.

Solution

c) Find 10% of $84.

Solution

50% is the same


as dividing by 2.

Solution

25% is the same


as dividing by 4.

$84 2 = $42

10% is the same as


dividing by 10.

$84 4 = $21

a) Find 50% of $44.

$84 10 = $8.40

b) Find 25% of $80.

44 2 =

So, 50% of $44 = ____________________


c) Find 10% of $72.40

So, _________________________________
d) Find 25% of $50.

So, _________________________________

So, _________________________________

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Example 2:Find the Percent of a Number Mentally


If you know how to calculate 50%, 25%, and 10%, you can calculate other percents in your head.
Percents You Know

Fraction

50%

1
2

25%

1
4

10%

1
10

1%

1
100

Model

How can you find 75%, 60%, 40%, and 5%?


Solution
50% + 25% = 75%

50% + 10% = 60%

50% 10% = 40%

10% 2 = 5%

Use mental math to find each percent.


a) 75% of 16

b) 60% of 90

50% of 16: 16 2 = ______

50% of 90: 90 ______ = ______

25% of 16: 16 4 = ______

10% of 90: 90 ______ = ______

So, 75% of 16 = ______ + ______

So, 60% of 90 = ______ + ______

= ______

= ______

4.1 Connect Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR161

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Example 3:Compare Fractions, Decimals, and Percents


Every percent has an equivalent decimal and fraction value.
3
Compare , 70%, and 0.72. Write them in ascending order.
4

ascending order
the numbers go from least to greatest
example: 2, 3, 6, 8 are getting bigger
descending order
the numbers go from greatest to least
example: 10, 9, 8, 7 are getting smaller
Solution
Write the numbers in decimal form.
3
= 0.75
4
70% = 0.70
0.72 = 0.72
0.70 < 0.72 < 0.75
3
So, 70% < 0.72 <
4

Compare place values.


Look at the hundredths place.

Write each set of numbers in ascending order (least to greatest).


a) 56%, 0.48,

1
2

b) 35%,

39
, 0.36
100

First, change the numbers to decimals.

First, change the numbers to decimals.

56% =

35% =

39

100

0.48 = 0.48

0.36 =

The numbers in ascending order are

The numbers in ascending order are

, 0.5,
Compare 56%, 0.48, and
<

1
2

.
1
.
2

,
Compare 35%,

<

,
39
, and 0.36.
100

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

1. How can you find 60% of 20?


Step 1: Find 50% of 20:

.Divide by 2.

Step 2: Find 10% of 20:

.Divide by 10.

So, 60% of 20 =

=
2. a) Explain how to find 25% of a number. ____________________________________________
b) Draw a diagram that shows what 25% means.

3. What is 50% of each quantity?

50% means
divide by 2.

a) 24 marbles

b) 16 cookies

c) $24

d) 8.4 m

4. What is 25% of each quantity?

25% means
divide by __________.

a) 8 daffodils

b) 1.2 cm

c) 40 min

d) $0.20

5. What is 10% of each quantity?

10% means
divide by __________.

a) 20 min

b) 30 cm

c) 50 cats

d) $0.80
4.1 Connect Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR163

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


6. Show how to find each amount.
a) 50% of 44

b) 25% of 20

44

c) 10% of 12

d) 1% of 150

7. Show how to find each amount.


a) 60% of $40

60% = 50% + 10%

50% of 40: 40 2 =
10% of 40: 40 10 =
Add the 2 answers: __________________
So, 60% of $40 =
b) 75% of 44

75% = 50% + 25%

c) 20% of 120 m

20% = 10% + 10%

8. Change each percent to a decimal. First convert to a fraction out of 100.

a)

57%

100

0.______________
c) 5% =

b)

30%

100

0.______________
d) 88% =

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

9. Change each fraction to a decimal.


a)

b)

10

c)

1
______________
2

d)

5
______________
8

e)

45
______________
100

f)

3
=
4

25

10. Write the numbers in ascending order (smallest to largest).


a) 14%,

1
, 0.12
10

Write each number in


decimal form.

0.

,0.

,0.12

The numbers in ascending order are ________________________________________________.


b) 27%,

1
, 0.24
4
,

The numbers in ascending order are ________________________________________________.


c)

41
, 10%, 0.39
100
,

_____________________________________________________________________________.
d) 88%,

4
, 0.82
5
,

_____________________________________________________________________________.

4.1 Connect Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR165

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


11. Write the numbers in descending order (largest to smallest).
a) 32%,

Write all numbers in


decimal form.

3
, 0.35
10
,

The numbers in descending order are _______________________________________________.


b) 76%, 0.72,

3
4
,

The numbers in descending order are _______________________________________________.


c)

1
, 45%, 0.54
2
,

_____________________________________________________________________________.
12. Use the number line to help answer the questions below.
Write each fraction
as a decimal.

a) What is the percent at

1
?
4

b) What is the decimal at 50%?

c) What is the percent at

3
?
4

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

13. In Careys class, 25% of the students read fantasy books.


There are 32 students in Careys class.
How many students read fantasy books?

Sentence:

Find __________% of
__________ students.

students in Careys class read fantasy books.

14. Your bill at a restaurant is $28.


You want to leave a 15% tip.
How much money should you leave?

15% = 25% 10%

25% of 28:
10% of 28:
Subtract your answers:
Sentence: _______________________________________________________________________

Look at the headlines you collected.


How many use
a) fractions?
b) decimals?
c) percents?
Try to have at least 5 of each type of headline.
Do you need to collect more of any kind?

4.1 Connect Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR167

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

4.2 Warm Up
1. Estimate. Then calculate.

To estimate, round to the


nearest whole number.

a) 1.5 3
Estimate:
2

Calculate:
=

1.5

b) 70 3.5
Estimate:
70

Calculate:
=

d) 121.72
3. Round to the nearest tenth (one decimal place).
a) 0.78

b) 0.555

4. Round to the nearest hundredth (two decimal places).


a) 0.634

b) 0.569

5. Round to the nearest thousandth (three decimal places).


a) 0.3444
6. Find 60% of $20.

b) 0.5876
60% = 50% + ___________%

7. a) 50% of 20 =

b) 10% of 90 =

8. a) 45 1 =

b) 4.8 0 =

Tenths

Decimal
.

Hundredths

c) 501.64

Units

b) 39.06

Tens

Thousands

a) 1278.21

Hundreds

2. Write the place value of the underlined digit. Use the place value chart to help you.

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

4.2 Fractions, Decimals, and Percents


Example 1:Convert From Fractions to Decimals and Percents
a) Change

59
to a decimal.
82

Solution
Divide the numerator by the denominator.
numerator
The 1 is in the hundredths place.
The digit to the right is 9, so round up.

59
0.71951291...
82
denominator
59
0.72
82

Use when you


round numbers.

b) Change a 0.72 to a percent.


Solution
Multiply the decimal by 100.

Fraction
a)

27
56

Decimal Number
27 56 = 0.482142

7
7 12 =
12
4
c)
7
125
d)
396
56
e)
79
1496
f)
2005
b)

Thousandths

Tenths

Decimal

Units

Hundredths

Use the place value chart to help you round


the numbers.

Tens

Complete the chart.

Hundreds

Thousands

0.72 100% = 72%

.
Rounded

(tenths) 0.

Percent
0.

100% =

(tenths)
(hundredths)
(hundredths)
(thousandths)
(thousandths)

4.2 Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR169

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Example 2: Change Fractions to Repeating Decimals


Write each of the following as repeating decimals.
repeating decimal
a decimal number with a digit or group of digits that repeats forever
examples: 0.33333..., 3.567676767..., 0.74
a) 0.7777
Solution
= 0.7
b)

The bar shows which


numbers repeat.

1
3

Solution
1

3
c) 0.858585...
Solution
0.85

Show the fractions as repeating decimals. Then write the decimals using bar notation.
Divide
2
a)
3
7
b)
9

3
11
10
d)
33
c)

23

Repeating Decimal

Bar Notation

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Example 3:Estimate Percents


What percent is

43
?
60

Solution
Use trial and error to estimate.
Try 50% of 60:
60 2 = 30
Try 75%:
75% = 50% + 25%
75% of 60 = 30 + 15
= 45

50% means divide by 2.


This number is too small.
25% is half of 50%

45 is close to 43.
So,

43
is about 75% .
60

Estimate each of the following as a percent.


a) 23 out of 80
Find 50% of 80: 80 2 =

(too high, too low, close enough)

Find 25% of 80: 80 4 =

(too high, too low, close enough)

Which answer is closest to 23?


So, 23 is about

% of 80.

b) 25 out of 40
Find 50% of 40: 40

Find 10% of 40: 40

Should you add or subtract your answers to find 25? _________________________________


Do it:
So, 25 is about

(too high, too low, close enough)


% of 40.

4.2 Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR171

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Example 4:Change Terminating Decimal Numbers to Fractions


Write the terminating decimals as fractions. Use the place value chart to help you.
terminating decimal
a decimal number in which the digits stop
examples: 0.3, 0.56, 0.125
a) What fraction of a dollar is $0.75?
Solution
The last digit is in the hundredths place.
So, the denominator is 100.
75
0.75
100
3

4
75
3
So, $0.75 is
or
of a dollar.
100
4

$0.75 is 75
3 quarters
$1.00 is 4 quarters.
So, $0.75 = 3 out of 4 quarters, or .

b) Change 0.023 to a fraction.

Thousandths

Hundredths

Tenths

Units

Tens

Hundreds

The last digit is in the thousandths place.


So, the denominator is 1000.
23
The fraction is
.
1000

Thousands

Solution

Change each terminating decimal to a fraction.


a) 0.48
The last digit is in the hundredths place.
The denominator is

b) 0.078
The last digit is in the

The numerator is

place.
The denominator is

The numerator is
The fraction is

100

.
The fraction is

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Thousandths

Hundredths

Tenths

Decimal

Units

Tens

Hundreds

Thousands

3. Change each fraction to a decimal number.


Use the place value chart to round to the place value indicated.

.
a)

13
(tenths)
25

b)

11
(tenths)
25

= 13 25
=
Round:

13

25

Round:

c)

103
(hundredths)
215

d)

43
(hundredths)
60

e)

197
(thousandths)
289

f)

19
(thousandths)
313

4.2 Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR173

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


4. A baseball players batting average is the number of hits divided by the number of times at bat.
It is usually expressed as a decimal number.
Batting Average

number of hits
number of times at bat

This table shows the data for 1 baseball season.


Player
A
B

Times at Bat
605
624

Hits
194
197

a) What is the batting average for each player?


Round each answer to the nearest thousandth (3 decimal places).
Player A:

Player B:
number of hits
number of times at bat
194

605

Batting Average

Batting Average =

605

=
Round:

Round:
Player As batting average is

Player Bs batting average is

b) Which batting average would you rather have? Why?


______________________________________________________________________________
5. Write each decimal using bar notation.

Only the repeating


digits go under the bar.

a) 0.5555555... =

b) 0.090909... =

c) 0.2666666 =

d) 2.151515 =

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


6. Change each fraction to a repeating decimal.
Then use bar notation to show the repeating part.
5
6

a)

b)

2
3

d)

8
9

=56
=
=
c)

(with bar notation)


7
11

7. Estimate each amount as a percent.


a) 36 out of 70
Find: 50% of 70 = 70
=
Is the answer too high, too low, or close enough?
b) 49 out of 80
Find: 50% of

=
Is the answer too high, too low, or close enough?
Find: 10% of

=
=

Should you add or subtract to get closer to 49?


Do it!
Is the answer too high, too low, or close enough?
4.2 Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR175

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


8. Change each decimal number into a fraction.
a) 0.95
In what place is the last digit?
What should the denominator of the fraction be?

What is the fraction?

b) 0.3
In what place is the last digit?
What should the denominator of the fraction be?

What is the fraction?

9. Write each decimal as a fraction.


a) 0.71 of Earths surface is covered with water or ice.

0.71

b) Matthews batting average is 0.421.

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


10. Write each percent as a fraction.

Percent means out of 100.

a) Nitrogen makes up approximately 78% of the air we breathe.


78%

100

b) Jason got 57% on a Math test.

Each of these headlines has a fraction, a decimal, or


a percent.
1. a) Which headline do you think would be
better written using a percent?
____________________________________
____________________________________
b) Rewrite it using a percent: ________________________________________________________
2. a) Which headline do you think would be better written using a decimal?
______________________________________________________________________________
b) Rewrite it using a decimal: _______________________________________________________
3. a) Which headline do you think would be better written using a fraction?
______________________________________________________________________________
b) Rewrite it using a fraction: ________________________________________________________

4.2 Fractions, Decimals, and Percents MHR177

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

4.3 Warm Up
1. Write each decimal as a percent.
a) 0.75 =

b) 0.345 =

2. Estimate. Then calculate.


a) 36.848 4

b) 59.62 0.8

Estimate: 36 4 =

Estimate: 60 1 =

Calculate: 36.848 4 =

Calculate: 59.62 0.8 =

3. Write each fraction as a decimal.


a)

5
(thousandths) =
8

b)

1
(tenths) =
2

c)

14
(hundredths) =
25

58
(Thousandths means 3 decimal places).

(Tenths means

decimal place).

(Hundredths means

4. Estimate.
a) 2.9 5
2.9 is close to
So,

b) 45 1.2
5=

5. Estimate to place the decimal point.


a) 5.92 2.4 = 248
6

So, 5.92 2.4 = 248


b) 17.5 2.8 = 625

Round to the nearest


whole number.

decimal places).

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

4.3 Applications of Percents


Example:Use Percents to Make Comparisons
Min scored 16 out of 24 on a Science test. He scored 33 out of 40 on a Math test. Which mark is higher?
Solution
Step 1: Estimate the percents.
16
Science test:
24
50% of 24 is half
50% of 24 = 24 2
of 24, so by 2.
= 12
25% of 24 = 24 4
=6
50% + 25% = 75%
12 + 6 = 18Higher than the mark of 16.
Mins Science mark is lower than 75%.

33
40
50% of 40 = 40 2
= 20
25% is half of 50%. Half of 20 is 10.
50% + 25% = 75%
20 + 10 = 30Lower than the mark of 33.
Math test:

Mins Math mark is higher than 75%.

Using estimation, the Math mark is higher.


Step 2: Calculate the percents.
16
= 16 24
24
= 0.6666667
0.667 (to 3 decimal places)
0.791 100% = 66.7%

Science test:

Math test:

33
= 33 40
40
= 0.825

0.825 100% = 82.5%

Min did better on his Math test than on his Science test.

Melissas class has 35 students. They signed out 30 books from the library.
Desmonds class has 29 students. They signed out 26 books.
Which class signed out the greater percent of books?
borrowed books
Convert the fractions to decimals:
number of students
Melissas Class:
Desmonds Class:

30
= ____________ __________
35

= ____________ ____________

= ____________

= ____________

____________ (round to nearest hundredth)

____________

Convert the decimals to percents.


____________ 100% = ____________%

____________ ____________ = ____________

Sentence: ______________ class signed out a greater percent of books.


4.3 Applications of Percents MHR179

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

1. a) Measure your height and the height of the classroom door.


Your height
Doors height
b) Calculate your height as a fraction of the doors height.
Your height

Doors height

c) Write your answer as a decimal.


2. Carly and Shannon are practising their free-throw shots.
Carly makes 23 out of 25 shots.
Shannon makes 18 out of 20 shots.
a) Show each girls result using a fraction, a decimal, and a percent.
Carlys successful shots

total shots

25

Shannons successful shots

total shots

20

______________

______________

______________ %

______________ %

b) Which type of number would you use to compare their results? Explain why.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

3. Estimate which percent is larger. Then calculate.


a) 50% of 184 or 25% of 208
Estimate: 50% of 180

(180 2)

25% of 200

(200 4)

Which estimate is higher?


Calculate: 50% of 184 =

(184

25% of 208 =

(208

Which result is higher?


b) 50% of 64 or 25% of 32
Estimate: 50% of

25% of

Which estimate is higher?


Calculate: 50% of 64 =

(64

25% of 32 =

( 32

Which result is higher?


4. 1% of a number is $5.40.
a) What is 10% of the number?
10 1% = 10%
10 5.40 =

b) What is 25% of the number?


25 1% =

%
5.40 =

c) What is 100% of the number?

4.3 Applications of Percents MHR181

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


5. Johns class ordered 25 books. 14 of the books were adventure novels.
Melanies class ordered 40 books. 22 of the books were adventure novels.
Which class ordered the greatest percent of adventure novels?
Step 1: Write as a decimal.
14
Johns class:
= 14 25
25
=

Step 1: Write as a decimal.

Step 2: Write as a percent.

Step 2: Write as a percent.

Melanies class:

100% =

Sentence: _________________________________________________________________________

6. The chart shows the weekly pay for 3 part-time workers. Each worker gets a pay raise.
Weekly
Worker Weekly Pay Pay Raise
Meagan
$240.00
$30.00
Carl
$360.00
$36.00
Billi
$500.00
$40.00
a) What is the percent increase for each worker?
Give each answer to the nearest tenth of a percent (1 decimal place).
Worker
Meagan

Carl

Fraction
pay raise
30.00

weekly pay 240.00

Decimal
30.00 240.00
=

pay raise

weekly pay

100
=

Billi

Percent

pay raise

weekly pay

b) Who received the largest percent increase?


How do you know? _____________________________________________________________

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________


7. The chart shows the number of boys and girls in a school who wear glasses.
Wear Glasses
Girls
120
Boys
136
Total
256

Total Population
420
450
870

a) Calculate the percent of girls who wear glasses.


Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent (1 decimal place).
# of girls who wear glasses

total # of girls
______________ ______________
To change the decimal to a
percent, multiply by 100.

______________

______________%
Sentence: _____________________________________________________________________
b) What percent of boys wear glasses?
Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent (1 decimal place).
# of boys who wear glasses

total # of boys
______________ ______________
______________
______________%
Sentence: _____________________________________________________________________
c) What percent of all the students who wear glasses are boys?
Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent (1 decimal place).
# of boys who wear glasses

total # of students who wear glasses


______________ ______________
______________
______________%
4.3 Applications of Percents MHR183

Name: _____________________________________________________Date: __________________

Use the headlines or ads that you and your class have collected.
Copy 5 headlines into the chart.
Complete the chart. Show the numbers in each headline as a fraction, a decimal, and a percent.
Two headlines are completed for you.
Sentence or Phrase

Source

Fraction

Decimal Percent

Almost 60%, or 700 000 tonnes, of


Canadas beef is produced in Alberta.

Newspaper

60 3

100 5

0.60

60%

Sunglasses 25% off

store window

25 1

100 4

0.25

25%

Answers MHR185