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NEEDS

Mexicans
One on one attention for the ELL
students, very similar language but
can be confusing for Spanish
speakers.
ELL students will need visuals.
Culture of Hawaii
Students may need remedial
work because they are most
likely to be behind grade level.
The teacher needs to be loving
and caring towards the student
and have a good class
community for the student to feel
comfortable in their classroom.
English may need to be more
emphasized because the
language spoken in Hawaii is
broken up English and it may be
difficult for the students to
communicate.
Arabs
Arabic script is written from right
to left and completely different
from English, therefore students
will need to be taught the correct
way to write.
When teaching ELL Arab
students, teachers need to
consider that they dont use
prepositions, articles, etc.
Arab students might have
difficulties using the English
letters and learning the
phonemes because their
alphabet looks very different than
the English one.

STRATEGIES
Cooperative Learning: This method of teaching
lower students anxiety levels because they are
working with other people who are fluent in the
language. This also encourages Teaching
Cooperative Skills which will develop in time
where the students can become more confident
in their learning and teach it to another student.
Student-based learning: Having students work
together in class allows students from Hawaii feel
like the classroom is inviting and the student is
more likely to participate because they are used
to a communicative society.
Arab students are sensitive to public criticism.
Therefore, instructors should address students in
a way that minimizes humiliation such as private
conferences, a note, etc.
In Arab societies, men and women arent
expected to socialize therefore having grouping
strategies will be necessary.
Rehearsal Strategies: Techniques that students
can use to recall information. Examples are
flashcards, underlining and highlighting important
main ideas or vocabulary.
Word banks: Vocabulary words that are either
displayed on the wall, or kept in students
notebooks. This is a strategy can be used to
support all students.
Role playing: General strategy teachers can use
for any student. By acting out the abstract
concepts, students are able to comprehend
better.

CULTURAL

MOSAIC
EED 475 CHRISTINA PATRICK & DIANA
COLORADO MEXICANS; DANIELA MORENO &
DIANA BELTRAN ARABS; MELANIE TASHIRO
CULTURE OF HAWAII.

MEXICANS

ARABS

Values: They place high value in their family


and friends and are always ready to help
anyone in need who is close to them. Religion
is also a strong part of who they are and many
of their traditions are a direct reflection of their
religion. They huge respect for authority
figures including teachers, elders, and anyone
in a leadership position.

Values: Family is the center of everything, the


key social unit to Arabs, where fathers are seen
as the authority figure and mothers have power
over the house and children. The larger the
family the better it is more important than
themselves. Male boys are seen as favorites
and girls are carefully protected. Honor, respect,
loyalty, pride, and privacy are highly valued and
will be defended at all costs.
Traditions: Holidays: Eid al-Fitr, Ramadan, Eid
al-Adha, Hajj, Islamic New Year, Ashura,
Mohammads Birthday. Food: not allowed to eat
pork or most carnivorous animals. Religion:
Islam is the primary religionthe Koran as the
main religious text and considered central to all
things
Language: Mainly Arabic. Arabic is written from
right to left. Body language is common and
distinctly differentmust be learned to effectively
reinforce the intended message, but more
importantly not give unintended insults.
Social Norms: Most Arabs dont believe in
personal space. Its considered offensive to
step/lean away with the exception of women.
Time is less rigid, relaxed and slower to them.
Dont express admiration or theyll be required to
offer object to you. Always show respect to
females-they typically do not shake hands with
others. They expect you to face them and
maintain eye contact when speaking.

Traditions:
5 de Mayo
Mexican Independence Day
El Dia de los Muertos
Much of Mexican culture revolves around
religious values and the church, as well as the
concept of family and inclusiveness. Most
common religion is Catholicism. Food is very
important it provides a foundation for
socializing.
Language: For the most part, Mexicans will
speak Spanish. They have many sayings such
as al mal tiempo, Buena cara that go on
through generations
Social Norms: Respect: A sign of respect is
for students to lower their eyes in the
presence front of a figure of authority.
Education: Parents want their students to
receive a good education; this means they
expect regular communication between school
and home. Work: Men are typical the ones
who work to bring in the income while the
women work to take care of the house and
children.

CULTURE OF HAWAII
Values: Strong awareness of culture and work as a
community to keep culture alive. Appreciate
different traditions and cultures. Culture is widely
taught through education, preservation,
entertainment, lifestyles, and everyday
experiences. Depending on the subcultures of
Hawaii, some may value their childs education, but
many do not. Education is slower than the rest of
U.S. Aloha, Ohana, Family, Aina.
Traditions: Hula: a dance that is traditionally used
to talk to the gods and traditional Hawaiian
messages. Leis: A wreath of flowers given at
special occasions. Girls day: Japanese Holiday
celebrating girls. The oldest girl will usually get a
Japanese doll as a gift. In school, boys are
expected to hold the door open for girls and carry
their lunch trays for them. Hoolaulea (May Day): A
Hawaiian celebration or festival. Usually on May
st
1 , schools hold a Hoolaulea having all grades
perform authentic hula dancing. This usually
involves a court (king and queen for each island).
Hawaiians celebrate many holidays that require no
school days.
Language: Pidgin English, local language used in
Hawaii based on English; English, Hawaiian.
Including many other languages.
Social Norms: Greet with a hug/kiss on the cheek.
Auntie & Uncle are widely used to be polite.
Remove shoes before entering a home. Big on
celebration. leis are usually given to friends and
family.

Mexico References:
Menchaca, V., & Escalante, R. (n.d.). Instructional Strategies for Migrant Students. ERIC Digest. Retrieved October 14, 2015, from
http://www.ericdigests.org/1996-2/migrant.html
Arab References:
OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF FOR INTELLIGENCE US ARMY TRAINING AND DOCTRINE COMMAND. (2006). Arab
Cultural Awareness. Retrieved from https://fas.org/irp/agency/army/arabculture.pdf

Hawaii References:

http://www.hawaii-nation.org/overview.html#culture
https://prezi.com/-4oprfx6qxnn/cultural-norms-in-hawaii/
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Hawaii.aspx
http://publicholidays.us/hi/
http://www.we-hawaii.com/hawaiian_traditions.html