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PATIENT RECORD MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

LAILATUL MUNIRAH BINTI PAIRON

This report is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of
Computer Science (Software Development)

FACULTY OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY


UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA
2007

ABSTRACT

The Patient Record Management System is developing for Unit Rekod


Perubatan (URP). This system focused on the patient record management for surgical
department which include the patient record and patient admission record. The
development of this system is to increase the function of patient record management.
Besides that, it also to increase the security of patient record, minimize time in record
calculation, and availability of record. The module that included in this system is
patient record management, borrowing record, and record calculation. So, this
computerized system will solve the problem that faced in the current manual system.
The system that will develop is using SDLC (System Development Life Cycle). The
SDLC has a similar set of four fundamental phases: planning, analysis, design and
implementation. It is using waterfall methodology.

Sistem yang dibangunkan adalah Sistem Pengurusan Rekod Pesakit Jabatan


Pembedahan. Sistem ini bakal digunakan di Unit Rekod Perubatan (URP). Sistem ini
memfokuskan pengurusan segala data mengenai rekod pesakit bagi Jabatan
Pembedahan merangkumi rekod pesakit dan rekod kemasukan wad pesakit. Ia adalah
bertujuan bagi menjamin keselamatan rekod pesakit dan memudahkan pengiraan
rekod. Sistem ini akan meningkatkan mutu pengurusan URP. Modul yang terlibat
adalah pengurusan rekod pesakit, peminjaman rekod dan pengiraan rekod. Sistem
yang sedia ada dijalankan secara manual. Kelemahannya adalah berlakunya
kehilangan rekod pesakit, tiada maklumat pinjaman rekod dan pembaziran masa.
Maka, sistem berkomputer bakal dibangunkan bagi mengatasi segala masalah yang
dihadapi. Sistem ini dibangunkan menggunakan kaedah System Development Life
Cycle (SDLC) manakala metodologi yang digunakan adalah waterfall.

INTRODUCTION

1.1

Project Background

The surgical department is one of the organizations that provide services for
cases that need laparoscopic or open surgery. This department also receives
references from nearby districts such as from Jasin, Alor Gajah, Tampin, Tangkak,
and Segamat. The services that are given such as inpatient surgical treatment,
operation day, endoscopy, clinic day for the SOPD, breast clinic, palliatives care and
etc.

This system will use in the healthcare industry which is in the Unit Rekod
Perubatan (URP). The existing system is using manual system which is at this time,
all the data about patient has key in using Dbase. However, the calculation and some
of the task have done manually. Therefore, this is difficult task and sometimes gives
a problem. "Putting on the shoes of the people you've created, and looking at their
problems and solutions through their eyes" (Kuniavsky 2003). This system that will
develop is to improve the current system about the patient information database.
There was data redundancy about the patient admission record which one patient
takes many storage spaces in the database. For example, if the patient has been
admitted six (6) times in the different or same ward, he or she will have six (6)
different databases based on their R/N (reference number).

System application that will develop is Patient Record Management System


at Unit Rekod Perubatan. This system have different category of user which is
administrator (have the password) and user. The administrator can edit or modify,
delete and save the record while the user only can view the record. These systems
also include the borrowing information such as the person who borrowed the record
and duration. This system can print the reminder letter (suratperingatan) and the
patient label. At the end of the month, this system will calculate the record to
produce the monthly report which includes the appointment information and
admission information. Besides that, it also have network sharing which when two
computers are using together and run at the same system, all the data are updated
automatically. When the administrator updated one record, the record will also
update at another computer. This will reduce the data redundancy which different
administrator key in the same record. So, using this system will make the data
efficiency and work effectively. It will also decrease the record calculation error
during using the system. This will change the manually system to the computerized
system which are more trustworthy, efficient and effective.

The main problem that faced are data redundancy. The existing system that
use have many databases record for one patient based on their admission. For
example, if the patient have admitted for eight (8) times in the different ward
although the same ward, she or he will also have eight (8) databases based on their

RN. Therefore, by using this new system it can generate one database record for
one patient. That's mean; this will decrease the storage place. Besides that, the lost
of the patient record also can be reduced. For the Surgical patient record, currently
the patient record is only recorded in the paper. Sometimes, the lost of patient record
happened most probably because of the misplaced of the record.

Another problem is about the unmonitored borrowing record. For the URP,
there is no system for recording borrowed information of the patient by the doctors.
When the doctor wants to borrow the record, the URP Bilik Kad's staff will always
spend a lot of time finding the record in the record room as they did not know if the
record is available or not. Sometimes, the person who borrowed the record did not
return it back personally to the record room after finished using. Therefore, it will
contribute to the unavailability of patient record at record room. And the staff at the
record room will spend a lot of time to find the unavailable record and this is such a
waste less work.

1.3

Objectives

This system has a several objectives to fulfill as below:


a. To replaced the current system (manual system) with a flexible, systematic and
more reliable record management system. The proposed system will be the
system which is will fully using computer to manage the record and patient's file
movement. It is more efficient and effective than manual system which is burden
the staff in the record room
b. To decrease the calculation error about the record amount to produce the monthly
analysis report. This include to reduce the lost of data and staff burden
c. To decrease the data redundancy of the patient record and avoid opening several
file for the same patient
d. To decrease the time use to manage, find and calculate records

1.4

Scope

This system will be developed for Unit Rekod Perubatan in the Surgery
department. These system has two level or different user which is administrator and
user. For administrator level, it will have their own password which can modify the
patient record and has the authority to all the module while the user only can view
the data. This system will not replace the note or description stated by the specialist
but as a guide to track or monitor the movement of the patient's file.
The functions of the system included:
a. Patient record management
1. Registration module
This feature is for the patient registration. The patient information
will insert to the database.
2. Add

This feature is for user to add new data into the database
3. Modify/ Update

This feature is for user to change the existence data in the program
4. Delete
This feature is for user to delete any existence data from the program
5. Save
This feature is for user to save a new data into the database
6. Find

This feature is for user to searching data in the database

b. Borrowing record
All the information will recorded in the database such as the person
who borrowed the patient record, the date and the reason. So, the
system will automatically calculate the duration. If the record has
borrowed more than two weeks, the system will print the reminder
letter (suratperingatan). This will reduce the lost or missing record
and unknown person who borrowed the record.
c. Report calculation
At the end of the month, this system will produce a report which
calculate the patient record and discharge information. This include
the total new record and the borrowing record.
d. Database integration
This system has network sharing which mean that if one administrator
key in or update the patient record, the record at the another computer
also updated. So, this will decrease the data redundancy and
duplicated.

1.5

Project significance

The management of the Unit Rekod Perubatan can manage all the patients'
records for surgical department effectively and clearly by using this system. The
data redundancy or lost of the data about patient records also will not happened
anymore.

1.6

Expected Output

The expected output is the computerized surgical patient record management for
Unit Rekod Perubatan in Surgery department is successfully implement and running
without problems.

1.7

Conclusion

From a proper planning and development, hopefully that this system is going
to solve the problems arise in the Patient Record Unit in the Surgery Department.
This system will make the staff works much more efficient to give service to the
people needed.

LITERATURE REVIEW AND PROJECT METHODOLOGY

2.1

Introduction
To develop a new effective system, the research about literature review, about

the area and previous development must be done without doubt. Literature review
means searching, collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusion from all debates and
issues raised in relevant body of literature. Based on Oxford Advanced Learner's
Dictionary, "literature" mean writings that are valued as works of art especially
fiction, drama and poetry while "review" means that a survey or report of a subject
or of past events. The source that we can get the literature review such as journal
articles, books, conference proceedings, government and corporate reports,
newspapers, theses and dissertations, technical reports, anonymous reference,
publication of international bodies or agencies, internet, CD-ROM,.and magazines.
Using a methodology helps with the management of the whole project by
breaking down the development process into small tasks, specifying the order in
which they should be done and the interdependencies of the tasks. This helps with
planning, scheduling and monitoring the progress of the system.

2.2

Fact and finding


Several case studies that are related are picked to be analyzed and studied in

order to get a crystal clear about the system that going to be developed. A
comparison table between these case studies is show to see its similarities,
advantages and disadvantages.

Case study of Existing Unit Rekod Perubatan (URP) system


Based from the review of the existing computerized system that developed,
the system is developed using Microsoft Access. Before using this system, the
records are key-in using Dbase and the calculation is done manually. Until now,
there are no problems that faced with the existing computerized system. However,
the problem that they will encounter is when the amount of data increase.

Case study of Healthcare Guarantee System


Today there are many people make their long term planning for the family's
health treatment. Introducing of Managed Care Organization (MCO) is one of the
popular services provided by insurance company. Once you own this medical card,
you can enter into private specialist center and get their services. All the services
will cover by insurance. The trend (MCO) becomes famous among the Malaysian
due to the services provided government hospital is slow. One of the MCO's roles is
to facilitate your convenient admission to and discharge from a hospital. It offers
you a way to be free from the usual hassle in claims procedures. It has been
designed to relieve you of this burden with the issue of a Medical Card. Use this
Medical Card for immediate hospital admission and on discharge, you need only
settle excess charges, if any.
Healthcare guarantee system is an online system, people can access into the
system in any place that connect to the internet. It cans quickly processing of large
amount of data, with the ability to evaluate, sort and retrieve data and information
with great processing speed. This system provided a faster processing ability, it

replace human doing the routine and tedious paper work. All the calculation and
paper work will be replacing by the new system.
Besides the benefit on behalf of the staff, the new system can enhance
company marketing by providing online computerization insurance claim system.
By promoting this new system, we can attract other Manage Care Organization joint
us develop the new potential market. The slogan been used is "Online Insurance
Claim in A Minutes". This system will help company to get more and more
customer because we able to provides effective online insurance claim services.
Cost reducing is another benefit given by the new system. Previously
insurance claim process has to go through few persons, from admission department,
the claim for been pass to the clinic assistance to waiting attending doctor filling the
medical report. Later on the report has to fax to insurance company and the phone
call have to make to confirm insurance company have receives it. All of this process
can be reduce by implement healthcare guarantee system. Admission department
will register patient in the system and the attending doctor will fill in the medical
report immediately. Healthcare guarantee system will make the decision whether
this particular case will be cover by insurance company or decline. All this process
does not need fax, phone or paper. Besides this it also reduce work force the
company. The methodology chosen to develop the Healthcare Guarantee System is
categorized under structured design methodology. It is a set of procedure for
examining an existing information system and identifying the requirement for any
new system (Penny, 1897). It users a formal step-by-step approach to development
the system and move logically from one phase to the next phase. This methodology
used covers four main phases, namely system analysis, system design, system
development, and system testing.

Case study of Improving outpatient clinic efficiency using computer


simulation
To assess and plan alterations in outpatient clinic structure, produces a
computer simulation of an outpatient clinic based on detailed time and role
measurements from the authors' clinic. The simulation which used an object

oriented design method is able to indicate the impact of changes in clinic structure
using patient and doctor waiting times in clinic as endpoint measures. The effects of
changes in clinic size, consultation time, patient mix, appointment scheduling and
non-attendance were examined. We found that patient waiting time could be
shortened considerably by using an optimizing appointment scheduler to determine
appointment intervals. Clinic mix influences patient waiting time, which was shorter
with a 1 in 4 ratio of new to follow-up patients. In mixed clinics, new patient's
appointments are optimally spread throughout the clinic to reduce patient waiting
time. In all new or all follow-up clinics, waiting time is improved if the appointment
interval reflects the consultation time. Computer modeling can help in optimizing
clinic management so improving the delivery of care in outpatient services.

Case study of Integrating information systems and health care


According to J. Griffith (1987), by the middle of the twenty-first century
patient care in hospitals will be highly computerized. The doctor will guide an
electronic system which suggests a plan of care for each patient based on analysis of
both the patient's history and detailed data about specific treatment options.
Forecasts of all patients needs will be available to each patient service unit. Systems
will optimize schedules, order supplies, and prompt completion of the original
assignment and follow-up of any unexpected occurrences. Complete records will be
available to establish expectations and monitor performance for the doctor and the
nurse (Kovner, 1990). As of 1985 the processing ability of the computer has far
exceeded its use in practice. The computer has had a much wider acceptance in
finance and billing for services than in patient care. But computers are being used
increasingly in analysing treatment in relation to outcome and in developing
standards for diagnosis and treatment. The application of computer technology in
health care is by no means new. Earlier straightforward applications included text
production and editing, data analyses, and adjacent graphics products. Narrow range
clinical application involved the use of neurodiagnostic scanners (for example
magnetic resonance imaging and CAT scan). What is new in health care is the
accelerated pace of innovation, clinical application development, and information
management opportunities.

Entire departments of service known as health-care information (a science of


information, technology, and knowledge applied to health care) have developed over
the last few years.
In the 1970s, cost plus reimbursement and financial systems were an
information systems priority. During the 1980s, clinical systems were integrated into
the landscape with health-care reform while information systems in the 1990s need
to focus on operations management. Currently, health-care providers in a variety of
settings are using technology to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and quality of
care delivered to their patients. Current technological applications include basic data
processing, electronic mail exchanges, computerized medical records, and videolfax
transmissions. Additionally, more advanced applications include robotics, first and
second generation artificial intelligence products, and completely image based
medical records.

Figure 2.1 : Operational information systems


The essential ingredient for integrating information is teamwork. There is a
dramatic need to bridge the gap between the people, processes, and technology sides
of the hospital (see Figure 2). Programmes like patient focused care, re-engineering
systems integration, total quality management, and benchmarking have flourished.
These programmes allow organizations to adapt to governmental and market
changes, help target solutions to specific problems or react to industry trends. The

problem is that there is rarely sufficient communication to link these areas together.
Only a hospital-wide mission-driven effort will be effective at managing the coming
changes. This approach will require a level of teamwork never before demanded of
physicians, administrators, hospital staff, researchers, and teaching institutions.

Case study of Computerized patient record system


The last area, computerized patient record system, is fast becoming the most
researched area in health care. Arneritech Knowledge Data, Cerner, First Data
Corporation, HBO & Co., and SMS are the leaders in this field. The projected plan
is to minimize or remove the paperwork of a patient's medical record, and to have
systems that will store these data. By having a patient's medical record on the
computer screen, the organization has enhanced the ability of the doctor and of the
other treating personnel to have a better picture of the patient's current health status.
Some of the current developments in this field are fuelled by:
The increasing demand concerning cost, quality, and outcome of services;
The growth of managed care systems and new reimbursement
methodologies in health care;
The emergence of more systematic approaches to disease entities such as
clinical pathways and guidelines and "disease management" models;
An accelerated rate of knowledge development in health care with which it

is impossible to keep pace;


The proliferation and availability of high speed, high-powered distributed,
and network ready computer technology;
A national commitment and plan for use of information highways from the
executive office of the government;
increasing awareness through accrediting bodies of the need for health care
organizations to use information and knowledge more effectively.

Case study of Managing patients with identical names in the same ward
Correct patient identification remains one of the most essential steps of
safeguarding patient safety in healthcare (Emergency Care Research Institute
(ECRI), 2003). Errors in patient identification may lead to the unneeded exposure of
a patient to diagnostic or therapeutic procedure, the omission of the needed
procedures to another patient, or the failure of linking pathology specimens to the
correct patient. The greatest risk concerns acute care hospitals where a wide range of
clinical interventions take place in complex settings amidst a rapid turnover of
patients and staff who work in shifts. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of
Healthcare Organizations has identified the improvement of accuracy of patient
identification as the first goal in its National Patient Safety Goals (Joint Commission
on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 2004). In particular, the National
Patient Safety Goals specify the use of at least two patient identifiers whenever blood
samples are taken from a patient, or when medications or blood products are
administered to the patient. Among these identifiers, patients' names are probably
the most convenient and the most frequent parameter used for patient identification.
Table 2.1: Summary of Case study (Managing patients with identical names in the
same ward)
Purpose

To review the experience of managing two patients with


identical names in the same ward during a five-month period.

Design/methodology The records of the patients were reviewed to look for


/approach

incorrect entries, errors in specimens sampling,


administration of blood products and chemotherapy, and
misplacement of clinical notes. Doctors and nurses involved
were also invited to complete a questionnaire study to
comment on the usefulness of the measures implemented for
correct patient identification. A random sample of 60
patients was also selected to see if their full names were
shared with other patients attending the same hospital.

Findings

Among the 1,442 sheets of hospital records from the two


patients, no errors pertaining to the clinical activities were
found. However, 13 (0.9 per cent) sheets of the hospital
records were misplaced. The 21 doctors and nurses
participating in the questionnaire study gave positive support
to all the additional measures implemented for safeguarding
patient identification, of which the automated alerting feature
in the electronic clinical management system received the
highest scores. A total of 32 (53 per cent) of the 60 sampled
patients shared a common full name with one to 101 other
patients attending the same hospital.

Originality/value

Patients with identical names staying in the same ward


present a unique challenge to acute health-care settings. The
situation is especially relevant in communities where most
people's names are not unique. Specific guidelines and
measures are needed to prevent patient misidentification.
Errors in filing of patient notes and laboratory reports to the
hospital record deserve further attention.

2.3

Project Methodology
With reference to Britton and Doake (1996), a methodology will prescribe in

great detail what tasks are involved in each step, the nature of each task, the order in
which the tasks need to be done, what documents are produced at each stage and
what documents are required as input to each stage. In fact, it provides a detailed
plan for producing a system. Methodology is a collection of processes, methods and
tools for accomplishing an objective. Methodologies provide a checklist of key
deliverables and activities to avoid missing key tasks.

SDLC Summary

- .-..

Ke
=M

- "anaae bnange or acol


ltlvely

v
Quallty Assurance Throughout

v
v

Figure 2.2: SDLC summary

User needs

Proposed system
Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

Figure 2.3: SDLC diagram

The system that will be developed is using SDLC (System Development Life
Cycle) approach. The SDLC approach has a similar set of four fundamental phases:
planning, analysis, design and implementation. Different projects may emphasize
different part of the SDLC or approach the SDLC phases in different ways, but all
projects have elements of these four phases.

Table 2.2: System Development Life Cycle Phase

Ti
Planning

Task Identification
Work Breakdown
Structure
Pert Chart

GAN'TT Chart
Scope Management
Staff project

Project Staffing

Staffing Plan

Project Charter
Control and Direct
Project

CASE Repository

Standard List

Standards

Risk Assessment

Documentation
Risk Management

Analysis

Develop Analysis

Business Process

Strategy

Automation

System Proposal

Business Process
Improvement
Business Process
Reengineering
Interview,
Determine Business

Observation,

Requirement

Requirements

Questionnaires

definition

Create Use Case

Use Case Analysis

Use case

Model Process

DFD

Process Models

Model Data

ERD

Data Model
Alternative

Design Physical
Design

system

Design Selection

Matrix
Physical Process

DFD

Models
Physical Data

ERD

Models
Architecture

Design Architecture

Architecture Design Report


Hardware and
Software

Implementation

Design Interface

Use Scenario

Interface Design

Design Database and

Data Format

Data Storage

File

Selection

Design

Design Program

Transform Analysis Program Design

Construct System

Programming

Test Plan

Install System

software Testing

Conversion Plan

Maintain System

Support Selection

Support Plan

Post

Post

implementation

implementation

Audit

Audit Report

Post implementation

There are several models under the SDLC approach and the model that will
be used to develop this system is waterfall model. The waterfall model has many
attractive features:
Clearly defined deliverables at the end of each phase, so that the client can
take decisions on continuing the project.
Incremental resource commitment. The client does not have to make a full
commitment on the project at the beginning.
Isolation of the problem early in the process.

The advantages of waterfall development are that it identifies system requirements


long before programming begins and that it minimizes changes to the requirements
as the project proceed.

Fe a s i b n l ~
A

halysis

bDesign

3
Kmplemenl7
Test

b
Maintain

Figure 2.4: classic Waterfall model methodology

Feasibility
The feasibility study is used to determine if the project should get the go-ahead. If
the project is to proceed, the feasibility study will produce a project plan and budget
estimates for the future stages of development.

Requirement Analysis and Design


Analysis gathers the requirements for the system. This stage includes a detailed
study of the business needs of the organization. Options for changing the business
process may be considered. Design focuses on high level design like, what programs
are needed and how are they going to interact, low-level design (how the individual
programs are going to work), interface design (what are the interfaces going to look
like) and data design (what data will be required). During these phases, the
software's overall structure is defined. Analysis and Design are very crucial in the
whole development cycle. Any glitch in the design phase could be very expensive to
solve in the later stage of the software development. Much care is taken during this
phase. The logical system of the product is developed in this phase.

Implementation
In this phase, the designs are translated into code. Computer programs are written
using a conventional programming language or an application generator.
Programming tools like Compilers, Interpreters, Debuggers are used to generate the
code. Different high level programming languages like C, C++, Pascal, Java are
used for coding. With respect to the type of application, the right programming
language is chosen.

Testing
In this phase the system is tested. Normally programs are written as a series of
individual modules, these subjects to separate and detailed test. The system is then
tested as a whole. The separate modules are brought together and tested as a
complete system. The system is tested to ensure that interfaces between modules
work (integration testing), the system works on the intended-platformand with the
expected volume of data (volume testing) and that the system does what the user
requires (acceptancebeta testing).

Maintenance
Inevitably the system will need maintenance. Software will definitely undergo
change once it is delivered to the customer. There are many reasons for the change.
Change could happen because of some unexpected input values into the system. In
addition, the changes in the system could directly affect the software operations. The
software should be developed to accommodate changes that could happen during the
post implementation period.
Table 2.3: System Development Life Cycle Phase- waterfall model
Phase

Problem definition :

Deliverables
Problem statement

On receiving a request from the user for


systems development, an investigation is
conducted to state the problem to be
solved.

Feasibility study: The objective here Feasibility report.


is to clearly define the scope and
objectives of the systems project, and
to identify alternative solutions to the
problem defined earlier.

Systems analysis phase: The present Specifications of the present system.


system is investigated and its
specifications documented. They
should contain our understanding of

HOW the present system works and


W4AT it does.

Systems design phase: The


specifications of the present system
are studied to determine what
changes will be needed to incorporate

Specifications of the proposed system.

the user needs not met by the system


presently. The output of this phase
will consist of the specifications,
which must describe both JWAT the
proposed system will do and HOW it
will work of the proposed system.
Systems construction: Programming Programs, their documentation, and user
the system, and development of user

manuals.

documentation for the system as well


as the programs
System testing & evaluation:

Test and evaluation results and the

Testing, verification and validation of system ready to be delivered to the


userlclient.

the system just built.

2.4

Project Requirements

2.4.1

Software Requirement
Table 2.4: Software Requirement

Requirements
Software

Description
i.

Visual Studio 2005


Used to create and design the web pages' interface.

ii.

Adobe Photoshop CS 7.0

Used to create buttons, borders and altering images in the


web page
iii.

Microsoft Project 2003

Used to design the schedule and the milestone of the project


development.
iv.

SWiSH v2.0

A tool that used for develop an animation image, banner,


and so on. .
Web-server

i.

Internet Information Services (11s)

This web-server will act as a server for this system. .Inorder to


make the ASP.Net codes execute with 11s. The ASP file will
be saving at the 'wwwroot' folder of the 11s. IIS is a program
that includes Web and FTP support, along with support
Frontpage transactions, Active Server Page (ASP) and database
connections.
Database

i.

SQL Server 2000

The software that will develop the database of the system.


Programming

i.

Active Server Pages.Net (ASP.Net)


ASP.Net is a specification that enables database-

language

driven Web sites. Web pages that have an .asp extension


(instead of an .html or .htm extension) are rendered on the
spot using updated information from the database. This
enables "on the fly" updating and easier content
management, but it can also present security problems
because it opens "holes" in security to enable information
to be accessed and viewed in real time.

2.4.2 Hardware Requirement


Following are the hardware that we used in developing the proposed system.
They are:

a. Computer set such as CPU, monitor, keyboard, and mouse.

b. Memory: 128 MI3 RAM


RAM is perhaps the most important of the input/output devices.

c. Processor: Pentium 4
The Pentium 4 processor - Intel's "next generation" of processor to succeed
the Pentium III and Celeron processors. It is the most powerful processor available
for PC.

2.4.3 Other requirements

2.4.3.1 Network Requirement


Internet line
LAN (Local Area Network)

2.5

Project Schedule and Milestones


Table 2.5: Project Schedule and Milestones

PHASE

TASK

START

END

DATE

DATE

DELIVERABLE

Define a project
Inception

- Project title /

Prepare project
proposal

- Background,
scope and objective

8/5/2006

11/5/2006

company

- Project proposal

the project.

- Find the
requirement of the
project

Project planning

- Prepare
architecture and
presentation of the
project.
Project estimation
- Create task

duration task list


and milestones in
schedule

- Project Proposal

Project scheduling
Planning

- Specify the

resource of the

12/5/2006

26/5/2006

- Milestone of
project

project

Resource
allocation
- Planning of

resource and task


cost of the project

Project
monitoring
Project control
Project risk
management

Analysis
and Design

Develop Analysis

-Requirement

Strategy

Definition

- Business Process

27/5/2006

16/6/2006 - Use Cases

Automation (BPA)

- Architecture

Determine

report