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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL .......................................................................................... i
HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN ......................................................................... ii
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ..........................................................................iii
HALAMAN PERNYATAAN ORISINALITAS ........................................... iv
PRA KATA ........................................................................................................ v
HALAMAN PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN PUBLIKASI
TUGAS AKHIR UNTUK KEPENTINGAN AKADEMIS ......................... vii
ABSTRAK ......................................................................................................viii
DAFTAR ISI ...................................................................................................... x
DAFTAR GAMBAR ....................................................................................... xii
DAFTAR TABEL ..........................................................................................xiii
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .................................................................................. xiv
BAB I PENDAHULUAN .................................................................................. 1
1.1. Latar Belakang ............................................................................................. 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ........................................................................................ 3
1.3. Tujuan Penelitian ......................................................................................... 4
1.4. Manfaat Penelitian ....................................................................................... 4
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA....................................................................... 5
2.1. Sel Elektrokimia ........................................................................................... 5
2.1.1 Sel Galvani ....................................................................................... 7
2.2. Sel Elektrolisis ............................................................................................. 7
2.2.1 Sel Galvani (Sel Volta) .................................................................... 8
2.3. Baterai .......................................................................................................... 9
2.4. Reaksi Redoks ........................................................................................... 11
2.4.1. Bilangan Oksidasi .......................................................................... 12
2.4.2. Penggunaan Bilangan Oksidasi ...................................................... 13
2.5. Magnesium Baterai .................................................................................... 14
2.5.1 Magnesium dan Paduan ................................................................... 15
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2.6. Larutan elektrolit dan Non elektrolit ......................................................... 16


2.6.1

Natrium Klorida (NaCl)................................................................. 17

2.7. Lampu LED (Light Emmiting Dioda) ....................................................... 18


2.8. Tegangan ................................................................................................... 18
BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ..................................................... 20
3.1. Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian .................................................................... 20
3.2. Bahan dan Alat .......................................................................................... 20
3.3. Variabel Penelitian .................................................................................... 20
3.4. Pelaksanaan Penelittian ............................................................................. 20
3.4.1. Tahap Pengujian Tanpa Lampu LED .............................................. 21
3.4.2. Tahap Pengujian dengan Lampu LED ............................................ 22
BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ........................................................ 23
4.1. Hasil Pengamatan Nilai Tegangan Sel Magnesium Tunggal ..................... 24
4.2. Pengujian Nilai Tegangan Terhadap Beban dan Tanpa Beban .................. 26
4.3. Pengujian Nyala Waktu LED Terhadap Jumlah Magnesium .................... 27
4.4. Efisiensi unit pembangkit listrik portable terhadap jumlah lempeng........ 28
BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN .......................................................... 28
2.1. Kesimpulan ................................................................................................ 28
2.2. Saran ........................................................................................................... 28
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ...................................................................................... 29
LAMPIRAN A ................................................................................................ 31
LAMPIRAN B ................................................................................................ 34
LAMPIRAN C ................................................................................................ 36

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