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The Respiratory System

By: Nick Sullivan, Mike Fretz,


Jordan Halpern, & Francesca Mancillas

Function
The repository's main function is to receive oxygen and feed it to other
parts of the body. In the process, the respiratory system also expels carbon
dioxide as a byproduct. Oxygen is needed to produce energy and use organs.

How does it work


Oxygen is found in the air around you, along with nitrogen and other
gases. When you take a breath, air goes in through your nose and mouth. It
passes through your trachea or windpipe and into airways called bronchi in
your lungs. The airways branch off into smaller and smaller openings. At the
end of the openings are alveoli, or tiny air sacs. The air bounces around in
these tiny air sacs and blood cells in capillaries around these air sacs pick
up oxygen.
The capillaries connect arteries and veins and are found all over the
human body. These capillaries and other blood vessels allow oxygen to be
transported through red blood cells so that they can be used by other organs.

How it works with other systems


The respiratory system is responsible for
taking in oxygen for the organs and removing
waste, such as carbon dioxide, from the body.
Therefore, it takes oxygen and sends it to
the muscles and organs in the body through
the circulatory system. The skeleton supports
and shapes the respiratory system. The
nervous system uses pulses to react to
inflation, deflation. and chemical
interference. The immune system helps keep
diseases and problems away from the lungs. It
also works with the kidneys to keep the right
amount of Oxygen in the bloodstream at any
given time.

Types of cells in the respiratory system


-

Cilia in the nose to move mucus


Smooth muscles around esophagus
Capillaries in the lungs to allow for transmission
Mucus secreting cells trap dust and bacteria
Skeletal muscle - diaphragm
Thin cells in the lungs allow transmission of gasses
through them.

Asthma
People with Asthma have airways that are overly
sensitive (or hyper reactive) to certain things, like
exercise, dust, or cigarette smoke. This hyperreactivity
makes the smooth muscle that surrounds the airways tighten
up. The combination of airway inflammation and muscle
tightening narrows the airways and makes it hard for air to
move through.

Bronchitis
Bronchitis is a respiratory disease in which the mucus
membrane in the lungs' bronchial passages becomes inflamed.
As the irritated membrane swells and grows thicker, it
narrows or shuts off the tiny airways in the lungs,
resulting in coughing spells that may be accompanied by
phlegm and breathlessness.

Pneumonia
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can
be caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Pneumonia causes
inflammation in your lungs air sacs, or alveoli. The
alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to
breathe. Some types can be preventable with vaccines and it
spreads through airborne droplets.

Cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is an inheritable disease that affects
not only the lungs but other systems producing mucous such
as the digestive system. Patients suffer frequent lung
infections that are hard to treat because mucous is thick
and sluggish and result in increased scarring (fibrosis) of
the lungs. They also take multiple enzyme pills because of
digestive abnormalities related to abnormal mucous
production.

Cited References
https://www.dmu.edu/medterms/respiratory-system/respiratory-system-diseases/
http://www.healthline.com/health/pneumoniaxc
http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/lungs/asthma_basics.html
http://www.webmd.com/lung/understanding-bronchitis-basics
http://www.livescience.com/22616-respiratory-system.html