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The All-India Muslim League (popularised as Muslim League) was a political party established

during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire. Its strong advocacy for
the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan, successfully led to the
partition of India in 1947 by the British Empire.[1] The party arose out of a literary movement
begun at The Aligarh Muslim University in which Syed Ahmad Khan was a central
figure[citation needed]. Sir Syed had founded, in 1886, the Muhammadan Educational
Conference, but a self-imposed ban prevented it from discussing politics. At its December
1906 conference in Dhaka, attended by 3,000 delegates, the conference removed the ban and
adopted a resolution to form an All Indian Muslim League political party.[2] Its original political
goal was to define and advance the Indian Muslim's civil rights and to provide protection to
the upper and gentry class of Indian Muslims. From 190630s, the party worked on its
organizational structure, its credibility in Muslim communities all over the British Indian
Empire, and lacked as a mass organisation but represented the landed and commercial
Muslim interests of the United Provinces (today's Uttar Pradesh).[3]
Following in the 1930s, the idea of separate nation-state and influential philosopher Sir Iqbal's
vision of uniting the four provinces in North-West British India further supported the rational of
Two-nation theory. Constitutional struggle of Jinnah and political struggle of founding fathers,
the Muslim League played a decisive role in World War II in the 1940s and as the driving force
behind the division of India along religious lines and the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state
in 1947.[4][5] The events leading the World War II, the Congress effective protest against the