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ISP - BTT1O

TERM TABLE
Your term table is one of the pages in your Web Portfolio. You are responsible
for finding ALL the definitions for the following terms on your own.
HINT:
Look over past notes, quizzes and assignments. Please write the definitions
in your own words.
TERM

DEFINITION In Your Own Words!!!

1. Computer

Computer generally means a programmable


machine. Computer is an electronic device for
storing and processing data, typically in
binary form, according to instructions given
to it in a variable program.

2. Desktop

the working surface of a desk.


denoting a piece of equipment such as a
computer that is suitable for use at an
ordinary desk.

3. Icon

a person or thing regarded as a


representative symbol of something.

4. Shortcut

an accelerated way of doing or achieving


something.

5. Taskbar

taskbar is a visual device on the desktop that


typically shows the user which applications
(tasks) are currently active and running.

6. Wallpaper

wallpaper is the background pattern or


picture against which desktop menus, icons.

7. Hardware

hardware is a collective term. Hardware


includes not only the computer proper but
also the cables, connectors, power supply
units, and peripheral devices such as the
keyboard, mouse, audio speakers, and
printers.

8. Software

Software is a generic term for organized


collections of computer data and
instructions, often broken into two major
categories.

9. CPU

CPU is the brain of your computer. It handles


all the instructions you give your computer.

10.

Modem

A modem (modulator-demodulator) is a
program that enables a computer to transmit
data over, for example, telephone or cable
lines.

11.

Peripheral

of, relating to, or situated on the edge or


periphery of something.

12.

Input Device

Any machine that feeds data into a


computer. For example, a keyboard is an
input device.

13.

Output Device

Any machine capable of representing


information from a computer. This includes
display screens, printers, plotters, and
synthesizers.

14.

CD-RW

a compact disc into which data can be


written multiple times.

15.

DVD-R

DVD-R is a digital optical disc storage format.

16.

Byte

The byte is a unit of digital information that


most commonly consists of eight bits.

17.

RAM

RAM is an acronym for random access


memory. It is the most common type of
memory found in computers and other
devices.

18.

ROM

ROM is computer memory on which data has


been prerecorded.

19.

Word Processor

A word processor is an electronic device or


computer software application.

20.

Formatting

arrange or put into a format.

21.

Title bar

A bar on top of a window. The title bar


contains the name of the file or application.

22.

Menu Bar

A horizontal menu that appears on top of a


window.

23.

Font

A design for a set of characters.

24.
Portrait
Orientation

Page orientation is the direction in which a


document is displayed or printed.

25.
Landscape
Orientation

Landscape is a horizontal orientation mode


used to display wide-screen.

26.

Margins

the edge or border of something.

27.

Indent

a space left by indenting a line or block of


text.

28.

Bullets

A small graphical element used to highlight


or itemize a list.

29.

Columns

a column is a vertical line of characters


extending from the top to the bottom of the
screen.

30.

Justify

justify is a verb that means to show to be


reasonable.

31.

Alignment

alignment is an arrangement of objects in a


way that makes a line or row.

32.
Desktop
Publishing

A desktop publishing system allows you to


use different typefaces, specify various
margins and justifications.

33.

Graphics

the use of diagrams in calculation and


design.

34.

Design Elements

Use to shape or design the text.

35.

Text Box

Text boxes are used to add text in a drawing


or paint program.

36.

Text Art

Use to shape the title.

37.

Spreadsheet

Spreadsheet software programs are widely


used computer applications that allow the
user to organize large amounts of data.

38.

Worksheet

a paper listing questions or tasks for


students.

39.

Cell

A cell is the intersection between a row and a


column. on a spreadsheet

40.

Row

A row is anything that's lined up.

41.

Column

a column is a vertical line of characters


extending from the top to the bottom of the
screen.

42.

Cell Address

Use to find the location of cell.

43.

Range

Range is the group of cells within a row or


column.

44.

Label

Use to name an object.

45.

Value

the regard that something is held to deserve;


the importance, worth, or usefulness of
something.

46.

Formula

formula is a group of mathematical symbols


that express a relationship or that are used
to solve a problem, or a way to make
something.

47.

Electronic

presentation program is a software program

Presentation

that helps create a slideshow that addresses


a topic.

48.

Slide

to move smoothly along a surface.

49.

Transition

a change from one thing or condition to


another.

50.
Animation
Scheme

Animation schemes in PowerPoint are groups


of settings to enhance your presentations.

51.
Internet Web
Browser

A software application for retrieving,


presenting, and traversing information
resources on the world wide web.

52.

Hyperlink

Hyperlink is an electronic link that allows a


computer user to move directly from a
marked place in a hypertext document to
another in the same or a different document.

53.

World Wide Web

World Wide Web is basically a system of


Internet servers that support formatted
documents.

54.

Search Engine

Computer program that searches databases


and internet sites for the documents.

55.

E-Mail

a system for sending messages from one


individual to another.

56.

Netiquette

In general netiquette is the set of


professional and social etiquettes practiced
and advocated in electronic communication
over any computer network.

57.

Emoticon

An emoticon, sometimes called a smiley, is a


sequence of printable characters such as :)
or ^_^, that is intended to represent a
human.

58.

Domain Name

Domain names are used to identify one or


more IP addresses.

59.

Web Surfing

Jumping from page to page on the Web.

60.

Ethics

the branch of knowledge that deals with


moral principles.

61.

Utilitarian View

A system of ethics according to which the


rightness or wrongness of an action should
be judged by its consequences.

62.

Deontology View

Morality of an action is based on whether


that action itself is right or wrong under
rules.

63.

Piracy

piracy is the illegal copying, distribution, or


use of software.

64.

Copyright

Copyright is a legal right created by the law


of a country that grants the creator of an
original work exclusive rights for its use and
distribution.

65.

Patent

Patent means protected by a government


issued right allowing someone to make and
sell a product.

66.

Spam

irrelevant or inappropriate messages sent on


the Internet to a large number of recipients.

67.

Virus

A computer virus is a program or piece of


code that is loaded onto your computer
without your knowledge and runs against
your wishes.

68.

Phishing

the activity of defrauding an online account


holder of financial information by posing as a
legitimate company.

69.

Pharming

Pharming is a scamming practice in which


malicious code is installed on a personal
computer or server, misdirecting users to
fraudulent Web sites without their knowledge
or consent.

70.

Ergonomics

the study of people's efficiency in their


working environment.

71.

RSI

(RSI) is a technical indicator used in the


analysis of financial markets.

72.

MSI

MSI is an installer package file format used


by Windows.

73.

CSR

SCR is a short from of corporate Social


Responsibility

74.

E-Waste

E-waste is a popular, informal name for


electronic products.