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Lennox Berkeley was born in Oxford, England, and educated at the Dragon School,

Gresham's School and Merton College, Oxford. His father was Hastings George
Fitzhardinge Berkeley, a captain in the Royal Navy and illegitimate son of George
Lennox Rawdon Berkeley, 7th Earl of Berkeley (18271888).

In 1927, he went to Paris to study music with Nadia Boulanger, and there he became
acquainted with Francis Poulenc, Igor Stravinsky, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger and
Albert Roussel. Berkeley also studied with Maurice Ravel, often cited as a key influence
in Berkeley's technical development as a composer.

In 1936 he met Benjamin Britten, another old boy of Gresham's School, at the ISCM
Festival in Barcelona. Berkeley fell in love with Britten, who appears to have been wary
of entering a relationship, writing in his diary, "we have come to an agreement on that
subject."[1][2] Nevertheless, the two composers shared a house for a year, living in
the Old Mill at Snape, Suffolk, which Britten had acquired in July 1937.[3] They
subsequently enjoyed a long friendship and artistic association, collaborating on a
number of works; these included the suite of Catalan dances titled Mont Juic, and
Variations on an Elizabethan Theme (the latter also with four other composers).

He worked for the BBC during the Second World War, where he met his future wife,
Freda Bernstein, whom he married in 1946.[4][5]

He wrote several piano works for the pianist Colin Horsley, who commissioned the
Horn Trio and some piano pieces, and gave the first performances and/or made the
premier recordings of a number of his works, including his third Piano Concerto (1958).

He was Professor of Composition in the Royal Academy of Music from 1946 to 1968
and his pupils included Richard Rodney Bennett, David Bedford and John Tavener. 1954
saw the premiere of his first opera, Nelson, at Sadler's Wells. He was knighted in 1974
and from 197783 was President of the Cheltenham Festival.

His eldest son, Michael Berkeley, Baron Berkeley of Knighton, is also a composer. His
youngest son is the photographer Nick Berkeley.

He resided at 8 Warwick Avenue, London, from 1947 until his death in 1989.[7][8]