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TEKHNIK

RADIOGRAFI
SKULL/KEPALA
PROYEKSI RUTIN :
(cranium)
AP
1
LAT

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AP TOWNES
AP AXIAL FORAMEN MAGNUM (TOWNES
30,45,55 CAUDAL)
CALDWELL PA
HAAS POSITION
(SCHULLER)SMV(SUBMENTOVERTICAL)/VSM(VER
TICO SUBMENTAL)FULL BASAL

PROYEKSI= AP/OML TEGAK


LURUS
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

AP

PROYEKSI= LAT/IPL TEGAK LURUS


CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = 2CM KE DPN 2 CM KE ATAS CELEVE
TURCICA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Coronal suture

Orbital roof
Sella turcica
Sphenoidal
sinus
Petrous portion of
temporal bone

Temporomandibula
r joint
External acoustic
meatus

PROYEKSI= AP TOWNES/GRASHEY/OML
TEGAK LURUS
CR= 30 CAUDAL
CP = 8 CM DI ATAS GLABELLA/3 INCI
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

Parietal bone
Occipital
bone
Foramenmag
num
Petrous ridge
Posterior

clinoid

PROYEKSI= AP AXIAL /OML


TEGAK LURUS
CR= 30,45,55 CAUDAL
CP = 8 CM DI ATAS GLABELLA/3
INCI

55

45

30

PROYEKSI= PA(CALDWELL)/OML
TEGAK LURUS
CR= 15 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

Frontal sinus
Crista galli
Superior
Orbital margin
Superior

orbital
fissure
Ethmoidal
sinus
Petrous ridge
Inferior orbital

PROYEKSI= HAAS/OML TEGAK LURUS


CR= 25 CRANIAL
CP = DI ARAHKAN MENEMBUS 2 INCI DIATA
NASION
FFD=100-150 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

Occipital bone
Foramen magnum
Petrous ridge
Posterior clinoid
process

Dorsum sellae

PROYEKSI= (SCHULLER POSITION) SMV CRANIAL


BASE/IOML TEGAK LURUS
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = MID CRANIUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

Maxillary sinus
Ethmoidal air
cells
Mandible
Sphenoidal sinus
Foramen
splnosum
Mandibular
condyle
Dens (odontoid
process)
Petrosa
Mastoid process

PROYEKSI= VSM CRANIAL BASE


CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = MID CRANIUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

Frontal bone and


mandible

Maxillary
sinus
Ethmoidal air
cells
Vomer
Sphenoidal
sinus
Pharynx
Foramen
splnosum
Mandibular
Condyle

Mastoid air

TEKHNIK
RADIOGRAFI
SELLA TURCICA

PROYEKSI RUTIN :
LAT

PROYEKSI
KHUSUS :
AP AXIAL
PA AXIAL

PROYEKSI= LAT ERAL CELLA TURCICA/IPL


CR = TEGAK LURUS
CP = 2 INCI KE DEPAN DAN 2 INCI KE ATAS DARI
MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Anterior
clinoid
Posterior
clinoid
Dorsum
sellae
Sella turcica
Sphenoidal
sinus

PROYEKSI=AP AXIAL SELLA


TURCICA/IOML
CR= 37 CAUDAL

CP
=
MENEMBUS
SELLA
TURCICA
FFD=90-100 Cm

Occipital
bone
Foramen
magnum

Petrous ridge
Posterior
clinoid

Dorsum
sellae

PROYEKSI=PA AXIAL SELLA


TURCICA/OML
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP =MENEMBUS GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

Dorsum
sellae
Posterior
clinoid
Anterior
clinoid
Petrous
ridge
Supraorbital
ridge
Ethmoidal
sinus

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPORAL BONE
(MASTOID AIR CELL)

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AXIOLATERAL(HENSCHEN,SCHULLER,LYSHOLM)
AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ( LAW VIEW)DOUBLE TUBE
ANGULATION AND
SINGLE TUBE ANGULATION

PROYEKSI=PA(HENSCHEN
VIEW)/IPL
CR= 15 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER
=
KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

PROYEKSI=PA(SCHULLER
VIEW)/AML
CR= 25 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Mastoid antrum
Internal and
external
acoustic
meatuses
Petrous portion
Mastoid process

Mandibular
condyle

PROYEKSI=PA(LYSHOLM
VIEW)/IPL
CR= 35 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER
KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

PROYEKSI= LAWS POSITION(AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ) DOUBLE


TUBE/IPL
CR= 15 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS 2 INCI KE BELAKANG DAN 2 INCI KE ATAS DARI
MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm

Auricle (taped
forward)
Mastoid antrum
Mastoid air cells
Superimposed
internal and
external acoustic
meatuses

Mandibular condyle
Mastoid process

PROYEKSI= LAWS VIEW AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ (SINGLE TUBE )/IOML


CR= 15 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS 2 INCI KE BELAKANG DAN 2 INCI KE ATAS DAR
MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Auricle (taped
forward)

Internal and
external
acoustic
meatuses
Mastoid air celis

Mastoid process
Mandibular
condyle

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPORAL BONE
(OS PETROSUM)

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AXIOLATERAL (STENVERS VIEW)
ARCELIN METHOD
MAYERS VIEWS

PROYEKSI=AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ PETROMASTOID ( STENVERS


VIEWS)/IOML
CR= 12 CRANIAL
CP = ANTARA MAE DAN POE(PROTUBRANCIA OCCIPITO EXTERNA)
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Internal acoustic
canal
Arcuate
eminence
Mastoid air cells

External acoustic
meatus and
canal
Mandibular
condyle

PROYEKSI=AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ (ARCELIN METHOD)/OBLIQ


45/IOML
CR= 10 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS ANTARA MAE DAN POE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Internal
acoustic
canal
Petrous ridge
Mastoid
antrum
External
acoustic
meatus and
canal
Mandibular
condyle
Mastoid
process

PROYEKSI= AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ (MAYERS VIEW)/OBLIQ 45/IOML


CR= 45 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

Mastoid air
cells
Mastoid antrum
External acoustic
canal

Labyrinth
Mandibular
condyle

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPORAL BONES
(PROCESSUS STYLOIDEUS)

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
CAHOON POSITION

PROYEKSI=PA AXIAL( CAHOON POSITION)/OML


CR= 25 CRANIAL
CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

Coronoid
process

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
FORAMINA JUGULAR

6
PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
SUBMENTOVERTICAL AXIAL PROJECTION
KEMP HARPER METHOD ERASO
ERASO MODIFICATION OF KEMP HARPER
METHOD
-

PROYEKSI = SUBMENTOVERTICAL AXIAL KEMP HARPER M ETHOD


ERASO/IOML
CR = 20 CAUDAL
CP = 1 INCI DIBAWAH UJUNG DAGU
FFD = 90-100 CM
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

Coronoid
process

Mandibu
lar angle

Dens
(odontoid
process)

Eraso modification of Kemp Harper method.

PROYEKSI = ERASO OF KEMP HARPER METHOD/OML MEMBENTUK


25
CR = TEGAK LURUS
CP = 2 INCI DIBAWAH UJUNG DAGU
FFD = 90-100 CM

Mandibul
ar angle

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPOR MANDIBULAR
JOINT

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AXIOLATERAL OPEN MOOTH AND
CLOSE MOOTH
AP AXIAL OPEN MOOTH DAN
CLOSE MOOTH

PROYEKSI=AXIOLATERAL CLOSE
MOOTH/OPEN MOOTH/IPL
CR= 30 CAUDAL
CP =MENEMBUS TMJ
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

CLOSE MOOTH

OPEN MOOTH

PROYEKSI=AP AXIAL
TMJ/OML
CR= 35 CAUDAL
CP =3 INCI DI ATAS
NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
OPEN/CLOSE MOOTH

MAKER
=
KA/BWH/NORMAL

AP AXIAL TMJ CLOSE


MOOTH

Condy
le

Ramu
s

AP AXIAL TMJ OPEN MOOTH

Condy
le

Ramu
s

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
FACIAL BONES/SINUS
PARANASALIS

PROYEKSI RUTIN :

PA CALDWELL 15
WATERS PA
LAT
REVERSE WATERS AP

PROYEKSI= PA(CALDWELL)OML
TEGAK LURUS
CR= 15 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

PA Caldwel

PROYEKSI= PA(WATERS)/37
EXTENSIO
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = MENEMBUS ACANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm

Occipito Mental (OM) (Waters) View

PROYEKSI= LATERAL/IPL
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = SELEVEL ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm

LATERAL

PROYEKSI=AP/ACANTHIOPARIETA
L FACIAL BONES(REVERSE
WATERS METHOD)/MML
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=AP/ACANTHIOPARIETA
L FACIAL BONES(REVERSE
WATERS METHOD)
CR= SEARAH MML
CP = ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
NASAL
PROYEKSI :
- LATERAL
- AP TANGENSIAL

PROYEKSI=
LATERAL/IOML
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = MID NASAL
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI= PA TANGENSIAL
PROYEKSI
CR= MID NASAL
CP = MID NASAL
FFD=90-100 Cm

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
OS MANDIBULA/MAXILLA

1
0

PROYEKSI :
- PA AXIAL(MAXILLARIS)
- PA AXIAL(MANDIBULA)
-LATERAL MAXILLA/MANDIBULA
-PA EISLER VIEW(RAMUS,BODY AND SYMPHISIS)
-

PROYEKSI= PA (OS MAXILLA)/OML


CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP
=
MID
MANDIBULA/ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI= PA AXIAL(OS
MANDIBULA)/AML
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP
=
MENEMBUS
MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm

MID

PROYEKSI= LATERAL
CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = MID MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm

LATERAL

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
RAMUS MANDIBULA

1
1

PROYEKSI :
AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ (EISLER VIEW)

PROYEKSI=(EISLER VIEW)
AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ RAMUS
MANDIBULA
CR= 25 CRANIAL
CP = RAMUS MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ
BODY MANDIBULA 30
CR= 25 CRANIAL
CP = RAMUS MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm

OBLIQ

PROYEKSI=AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ
SYMPHYSIS MANDIBULA 45
CR= 25 CRANIAL
CP = RAMUS MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm

TEKHNIK PEMERIKSAAN
FORAMEN MAGNUM

12
PROYEKSI
- TOWNES METHOD(30,45,55)

PROYEKSI=AP AXIAL FORAMEN


MAGNUM
CR= 30 CAUDAL
CP = 8 CM DIATAS GLABELLLA
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=AP AXIAL FORAMEN


MAGNUM
CR= 45 CAUDAL
CP = 8 CM DIATAS GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=AP AXIAL FORAMEN


MAGNUM
CR= 55 CAUDAL
CP
=
8
CM
DIATAS
GLABELLA/MENEMBUS

PROYEKSI= AP
CR= 55 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS 2 INCI DIATAS
GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm

TEKHNIK PEMERIKSAAN
BASIS CRANII
PROYEKSI :
- SUBMENTO VERTICAL(AP)
- VERTICO SUBMENTAL(PA)

13

PROYEKSI=SMV/FULL BASAL
CR=TEGAK LURUS
CP = MENEMBUS APEX CRANIUM
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=VSM/FULL BASAL
CR=TEGAK LURUS
CP = APEX CARNIUM
FFD=90-100 Cm

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
FORAMEN
OPTICUM/FISSURA ORBITA

14

PROYEKSI RUTIN :
- CALDWELL PA
MODIFIKASI :
-AP/PA (RHESE METHOD)
- FOS
- FOI

PROYEKSI= PA(CALDWELL)/OML
TEGAK LURUS
CR= 15 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=PA PARIETO ORBITAL 53 (RHESE METHOD)


CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = DIARAHKAN PADA LOQ
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=AP PARIETO ORBITAL 53 (RHESE METHOD)


CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = LOQ
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI= PA FOI(BERTEL
METHOD)
CR= 20- 25 CRANIAL
CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI= PA FOS
CR= 20 - 25 CAUDAL
CP = MENEMBUS
BAWAH ORBITA
FFD=90-100 Cm

BATAS

PROYEKSI= LAT PROYEKSI


CR= TEGAK LURUS
CP = OUTHER CANTUS
FFD=90-100 Cm

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
ARCUS
ZYGOMATICUM

15

PROYEKSI :
-AP AXIAL
- AP TANGENSIAL
- PA TANGENSIAL(MAY POSITION)
- SMV OS ZIGOMATICUM

PROYEKSI=AP
AXIAL/OML
CR= 30 CAUDAL
CP = GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm

AP AXIAL

PROYEKSI= TANGENSIAL 15
CR= SEARAH MID
ZIGOMATICUM
CP = MID ZIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=PA/TANGENSIA
L
PROYEKSI(MAY
METHOD)
CR=SEARAHMID
ZIGOMATICUM
CP = MID ZIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm

PROYEKSI=AP/SMV ZIGOMATICUM
CR=SEARAHMID ZIGOMATICUM
CP = MID ZIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm