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ANSVAWS B2.

1-1-207-96
An American National Standard

Standard Welding Procedure


Specification (WPS) for

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Gas Tungsten Arc


Welding of Carbon
Steel (M=l/P=l/S=l
y
Group 1 or 2),
1/8 through 11112 inch
Thick, ER70S-2,
As-Welded or PWHT
Condition
(Primarily Pipe Applications)

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I . By becoming a Licensee, Licensee agrees to ail the terms contained in this License.

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Procedure.
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Key Words -Welding Procedure Specification,


base metal,allowable joint designs,
filler metal, carbon steel, manual
welding, gas tungsen arc welding

ANSVAWS 82.1-1-207-96
An American National Standard
Approved by
American National Standards Institute
June 7,1996

Standard Welding Procedure


Specification (WPS)

Gas Tungsten Arc Welding of Carbon Steel


(M-l/P-l/S=l, Group 1 or 2), 1/8 through
1-1/2 inch Thick, ER70S-2,
As-Welded or PWHT Condition
(Primarily Pipe Applications)
Prepared by
AWS Committee on Welding Qualification
Under the Direction of the
AWS Technical Activities Committee

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Approved by
AWS Board of Directors

Abstract
This standard contains the essential welding variables for carbon steel in the thickness range of 118 through I - 1/2 inch,
using manual gas tungsten arc welding. It cites the base metals and operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and the allowable joint designs for fillet and groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

American Weldlng Society


550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, Florida 33 126

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Statement on Use of AWS American National Standards


All standards (codes, specifications, recommended practices, methods, classificatioiis, aiid guides) of the American
Welding Society are voluntary consensus standards that have been developed in accordance with the rules of the American
National Standards institute. When AWS standards are either incorporated in, or made part of, documents that are
included in federal or state laws and regulations, or the regulations of other governmental bodies, their provisions carry
the full legal authority of the statute. In such cases, any changes in those AWS standards must be approved by the
governmental body having statutory jurisdiction before they can become a part of those laws and regulations. In all
cases, these standards carry the full legal authority of the contract or other document that invokes the AWS standards.
Where this contractual relationship exists, changes in or deviations from requirements of an AWS standard must be by
agreement between the contracting parties.

International Standard Book Number: 0-87171-494-9


American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, FL 33126
O 1996 by American Welding Society. All rights resewed
Printed in the United States of America

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AWS American National Standards are developed through a consensus standards development process that brings
together volunteers representing varied viewpoinls and interests to achieve consensus. While AWS administers the process
and establishes rules to promote fairness in the development of consensus, it does not independently test, evaluate, or
verify the accuracy of any information or the soundness of any judgments contained in its standards.

AWS disclaims liability for any injury to persons or to property, or other damages of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication, use of, or reliance on this
standard. AWS also makes no guaranty or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein.

In issuing and making this standard available, AWS is not undertaking to render professional or other services for or on
behalf of any person or entity. Nor is AWS undertaking to perform any duty owed by any person or entity to someone
else. Anyone using these documents should rely on his or her own independent judgment or, as appropriate, seek the advice
of a competent professional in determining the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstances.
This standard may be superseded by the issuance of new editions. Users should ensure that they have the latest edition.
Publication of this standard does not authorize infringement of any patent. AWS disclaims liability for the infringement
of any patent resulting from the use or reliance on this standard.
Finally, AWS does not monitor, police, or enforce compliance with this standard, nor does it have the power to do so.
Official interpretations of any of the technical requirements of this standard may be obtained by sending a request, in writing, to the Managing Director Technical Services, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, FL 33126.
With regard to technical inquiries made concerning AWS standards, oral opinions on AWS standards may be rendered.
However, such opinions represent only the personal opinions of the particular individuals giving them. These individuals
do not speak on behalf of AWS, nor do these oral opinions constitute oficial or unofficial opinions or interpretations of
AWS. In addition, oral opinions are informal and should not be used as a substitute for an official interpretation.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by lhe AWS B2 Committee on Procedure and Performance Qualificdtion. It
must be rcvicwed every five years and if not revised, it must be either reapproved or withdrawn. Comments (recommendations, additions, or deletions) and any pertinent data that may be of use in improving this standard are required and should
be addressed to AWS Headquarters. Such comments will receive careful consideration by the AWS B2 Committee on Procedure and Performance Qualification and the author of the comments will be informed of the Committees response to

the comments. Guests are invited to attend all meetings of the AWS B2 Committee on Procedure and Performance Qualification to express their comments verbally. Procedures for appeal of an adverse decision concerning all such comments are provided in the Rules of Operation of the Technical Activities Committee. A copy of these Rules can be obtained
from the American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, FL 331 26.

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Personnel
AWS Committee on Welding Qualification
Eichleay Corporation
Lord Vought Systems
Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company
Consultant
American Welding Society
Bechtel Group, Incorporated
Columbia Gas Distribution Companies
Consultant
Momson-Knudsen Corporation
Doty and Associates
Elliot Company
US NRC Region 1
The Lincoln Elecmc Company
Welding Engineering Services
Consultant
A. W. Johnson and Associates
BEAR Testing Laboratory
Elliot Company
United Association
Babock and Wilcox
Naval Sea Systems Command
The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and
Insurance Company
Consultant
Canadian Welding Bureau
Brooks Automation
Sindei and Associates
Aristech Chemical Corporation
McDermott, Incorporated

J. J. Sekely, Chairman
G. M. Wisbrock, Jr., Vice Chairman
J. J. Fluckiger, 2nd Vice Chairmun
P. B. Dicker.son,3rd Vice Chairman
L. P. Connor, Secretary
T. J. Anderson
W. L. Baiis
H.B. Cup,
J. L. Cooley

W.D.Do.
K. W. Fordyce
E. H. Gruy
J. E. Hinkel
M . J . Houle
R. W. Jackson
A. W.Johnson
N. Kunayu
R. A. LaFuve
B. B. MacDonald
J. W. MbGrew
C. L. Null*
A. S. Olivares
G. W. Oyler
S. Punezc
J. B. Shore
A. W. Sindel
C.E. Spaeder
D.L. Sprow**
*Advisor
**Hetired

iii
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Foreword

The American Welding Society and the Welding Research Council have joined in a cooperative effort to generate
standard welding procedures for industry. The need for pretested welding procedures that are supported by adequate test
data and that satisfy the technical requirements for the commonly used construction codes and specifications has been
expressed by many individuals and organizations. The purpose of a welding procedure qualification is to provide test
data for assessing the properties of a weld joint.
This Welding Procedure Specification is an outgrowth of the coordinated work of the Welding Procedures
Committee of WRC and the Committee on Welding Qualification of the AWS. The summaries of Procedure Qualification Records are available from the Welding Research Council, Room 1301,345 E. 47 St., New York, NY 10017.
The welding terms used in this specification shall be interpreted in accordance with the definitions given in the latest
edition of ANSiiAWS A3.0, Stundurd Welding Terms and Definitions. Welding symbols shall be those shown in the
latest edition of ANSUAWS A2.4, Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and Nondestructive Exumnution.
The AWS Committee on Welding Qualification was formed in 1979 to provide welding standards concerning the
subject of qualification. The primary document developed by this committee is AWS B2.1, Stunardfor Welding
Procedure and Performance Quaf~jcaton.
This document established the foundation and framework for Standard
Welding Procedure Specifications.
Comments on this publication will be most welcome. They should be addressed to the Secretary, AWS Committee
on Welding Qualification, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, FL 33126.

iv
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(This Foreword is not a part of the ANSIJAWS 82. I - 1-207-96, Standurd Welding Procedure Specification (WPS),
but is included for information purposes only.)

ANSVAWS 82.1-1-207-96
Page 1 of 7

Standard Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)


Gas Tungsten Arc Welding of Carbon Steel
(M-l/P-l/S-1, Group 1 or 2), 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch Thick,
ER70S-2, As-Welded or PWHT Condition,
Primarily Pipe Applications
Welding Research Council1-Supporting PQR Numbers:
O01002,001007,001O1 3,001 O14,001 O15,001O 1 7,001 024,001038,
200708,200709,20071O, 20071l,003B, 004A, 029A, 030A,
107A, 108A, 109A, 113A, 114A, 115A

Requirements for Application


of Standard WPSs

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Scope. The data to support this Standard Welding


Procedure Specification (WPS) have been derived
from the above listed Procedure Qualification Records
(PQRs) which were reviewed and validated under
the auspices of the Welding Research Council. This
Standard WPS is not valid using conditions and
variables outside the ranges listed. The American
Welding Society considers that this Standard WPS
presents information for producing an acceptable
weld using the conditions and variables listed. The
user needs a significant knowledge of welding and
accepts full responsibility for the performance of the
weld and for providing the engineering capability,
qualified personnel, and proper equipment to implement this Standard WPS.
Application. This Standard WPS is to be used only
as permitted by the applicable fabrication document(s)
[such as code, specification, or contract document(s)].
The fabrication document@)should specify the engineering requirements such as design, need for
heat treatment, fabricating tolerances, quality control, and examination and tests applicable to the end
product.
Users Responsibility. A Standard WPS does not
replace or substitute for fabrication codes, specifica1. Welding Research Council, 345 East 47th Street, New
York, NY 10017.

tions, contract requirements, or capability and judgment on the part of the user. A Standard WPS is to
be used only as permitted by the applicable fabrication code, specification, or contract document.
The ability to produce production welds having
properties suitable for the application depends upon
supplementing the Standard WPS with appropriate
performance qualification tests and sound engineering judgment. The user is responsiblefor the quality
and performance of the final product in accordance
with the provisions of the fabrication document@).

Supplementary Instructions. To adapt this Standard WPS to a specific application, a user may
issue supplementary instructions. Such instructions
may consist of tighter fit-up tolerances, higher
minimum preheat temperature or any other instructions necessary to produce a weldment that meets
the requirements of the fabrication document(s).
These instructions shall not be less restrictive than
provided in the Standard WPS.
Safety. Safety precautions shall conform to the
latest edition of ANSI 249.1, Safety in Welding, Cutting, andAllied Processes,publishedby the American
Welding Society.
This specification may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. The specification
does not purport to address all of the safety problems associatedwith its use. It is the responsibilityof
the user to establish appropriate safety and health
practices. The user should determine the applicability of any regulatory limitations prior to use.

Permissionto reproduce for intra-company use only is granted by the American Welding Society
Copyright American Welding Society
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ANSVAWS 62.1-1-207-96
Page 2 of 7

Standard Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)


LIMITATIONS
This procedure is not qualified for Notch Toughness applications.

WELDING PROCESSES
Welding Processes:
Method of Application:

GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding)


Manual
BASE METALS

Base Metal:'
Thickness Range:
Pipe Diameter:

Carbon Steel, M-1, P-1, or S-1, Group 1 or 2 to M-1, P-1, or S-1,


Group 1 or 2
1/8 in. through 1-1/2 in. for groove welds,
1/8 in. minimum for fillet welds
All diameters
FILLER METALS

Filler Metal Specification:*


Classification:
Deposit Thickness Range:
Consumable Inserts:

ANSVAWS A5.18 or ASME SFA 5.18


A Number 1, F Number 6
ER70S-2
1-1/2 in. maximum plus reinforcementfor groove welds,
1/8 in. through 1-1/2 in. fillet weld size for fillet welds
Not permitted
JOINT DESIGNS

Joint Designs:
Backing:
Backing Materiak2

See Figure 1
Not required
Carbon Steel, M-1, P-1, or S-1, Group 1, 2, or 3 or weld metal of similar
chemical analysis. Nonmetallicor nonfusing metal retainers are not permitted
POSITIONS
All
Uphill
PREHEAT AND INTERPASS TEMPERATURES

Preheat Temperature:
Interpass Temperature:
Preheat Maintenance:

50F Minimum
50F Minimum, 500F Maximum
Continuous or special heating is not required
GAS

Torch Shielding Gas:


Flow Rate:
Root Shielding Gas:
Flow Rate:

Welding Grade Argon


12 to 25 ft3/h
Optional; If used, root shielding gas shall be Welding Grade Argon
A typical flow rate of 5 to 15 ft3/h may be varied depending on component
configuration

~~~~

2. M. P, and S numbers for base metal and F and A numbers for filler metal and weld metal respectively, are as detailed
in AWS 82.1 and ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX.
3. Preheat and interpass temperatures must be sufficient to prevent crack formation. Temperatures above the minimum
shown may be required for highly restrained welds or by the fabrication document(s).

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Permitted Positions:
Vertical Progression:

ANSVAWS 82.1-1-207-96
Page 3 of 7

Standard Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)


Trailing Gas:
Torch Gas Nozzle Site:

None
1/4 to 3/4 in. inside diameter

TUNGSTEN ELECTRODES
ANSVAWS A5.12 or ASME SFA 5.12, EWTh-2, EWCe-2, or EWLa-1
0.060 through 0.125 in. diameter sharpened to a blunt point

Type:
Size:

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
GROOVE WELDS AND FILLET WELDS
Filler Metal
Laver
Root or Fill
Root or Fill
Root or Fill

Current

Classification

Dia. (in.)

Amperes'

Polarity

ER70S-2
ER70S-2
ER70S-2

1/16
3/32
iia

60-100
-140
100-1 60

DCEN (Straight)
DCEN (Straight)
DCEN (Straight)

Pulsing Current:

Not permitted

POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT)


Postweld Heat Treatment:

Welds may either be as-weldedor postweld heat treated at 1100 to 1200F or


as required by the fabrication document(s). If heat treated, the heat treatment
time shall be 1 hour per inch of thickness (15 minutes minimum) unless
otherwise noted in the fabrication document(s).

TECHNIQUE
Weave or Stringer Bead:
Peening:
Initial Cleaning:
Interpass Cleaning:
Backgouging:
Single or Multiple Passes:
Maximum Bead Thickness:
Repair:

Either
Not permitted
Chemical or mechanical; joint shall be dry prior to welding
Mechanical only
Not required, mechanical or thermal if used
Either
1/4 in.
Defects in welds shall be removed by mechanical or thermal methods. The
repair cavity may differ in contour and dimension from a normal joint preparation
and may present different restraint conditions. Repair of base metal defects
shall be in accordance with the requirements of the fabrication document(s)

COMPANY NAME
In the name of the Company stated above, I accept full responsibility for the application of this Standard WPS
for use with:
Dated
Fabrication Document(s): (such as Code, Specification, or Contract Document)

DATE

APPROVEDBY

TITLE

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1. Values not to exceed the capacity of tungsten electrodes.

ANSVAWS 62.1-1-207-96
Page 4 of 7
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Standard Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)


FILLET WELDS All Joints

GROOVE WELDS: For pipe and tubular products, see Joints 1 through 4. In addition, joints having
groove designs resultingfrom end preparations conforming with ASMWANSI B16.25, Buftwelding
Ends, and prequalifiedjoint details for complete joint penetration groove welded joints permittedby
ANSVAWS D1.1, Structural Welding Code Steer, are also allowable for application with this WPS.

a = 30",+lo", -0"
f = 1/16 in. 1/32 in.
R = llB in. f 1116 in.
I.D. MISMATCH = 1/16 in. MAX

JOINT 1

a = 22-1/2" f 2 - 1 E
f = 1/16 In. f 1/32 in.
r = 118 In. TO 3/16 in. RADIUS
R = 1/16 in., +li16 in., -1132 in.
I.D. MISMATCH = 1/16 in. MAX.

JOINT 2

Figure 1-Allowable

Joint Designs

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ANSVAWS 82.1-1-207-96
Page 5 of 7

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a = No,
+ 10". -Oo
b = 22-112" t 2 - 1 F
f, = 1/16 in., + 1116 in., 1/32 in.
f,= 1116 in., +li16 in., -1132 in.
r = 1/8 in. TO 3/16 in. RADIUS
R = 3/32 in. 1/32 in.
I.D. MISMATCH = 1/16 in. MAX.

JOINT 3

a = 45' *So
R = 118 in. 1/32 in.
f = O TO 1/16 in.
1.0. MISMATCH = 1/8 in. MAX.

TYPICAL BRANCH CONNECTION

JOINT 4

Figure I (continued)

-Allowable Joint Designs


-

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ANSVAWS B2.1-1-207-96
Page 6 of 7

Standard Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)

Tn = NOMINAL PIPE WAU. THICKNESS

Iu

X MIN. = 1.o9 Tn OR M E THICKNESS OF THE SOCKET


WHICHEVER IS SMALLER. UNLESS OTHERWISE
REQUIRED BY THE FABRICATION DOCUMENT(S)

i1

-7-

APPROXIMATELY 1/16 in. BEFORE WELDING

RECOMMENDED WELDING DIMENSIONS FOR SOCKET WELDING COMPONENTS OTHER THAN FLANGES

JOINT 5
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FRONT AND BACK WELD

FACE AND BACK WELD

SOCKET WELDING FLANGE

X MIN. = 1.4Tn OR THE THICKNESS OF THE HUB, WHICHEVER IS SMALLER, UNLESS OTHERWISE REQUIRED BY
THE FABRICATION DOCUMENT(S)
Y MIN. = Tn OR 1/4in., WHICHEVER ISSMALLER, UNLESS OTHERWISE REQUIREDBYTHE FABRICATIONDCCUMENT(S)
Tn
= NOMINAL PIPE WALLTHICKNESS
RECOMMENDED WELDING DIMENSIONS FOR FLANGES

JOINT 6

Figure 1 (continued) -Allowable Joint Designs

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ANSVAWS 82.101-207-96
Page 7 of 7

Standard Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)

Metric Conversions
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in.

mm

1/32
0.060
1/16
3/32
0.125
1I8
3/16
1I4
314
1
1-112

0.8
1.5
1.6
2.4
3.2
3.2
4.8
6.4
19.0

OF

50
500
1100
1200

"C
10
260
595
650

ff/h

Umin

5
12
15
25

2.4
5.7
7.1
11.9

25.4

38.0

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