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# 1/23/2016

Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

## One by Zero Electronics

Way to Electronics...

## How to calculate the size of

capacitor bank ???

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Example:1
A3Phase,5kWInductionMotorhasaP.F(Powerfactor)
of 0.75 lagging. What size of Capacitor in kVAR is
requiredtoimprovetheP.F(PowerFactor)to0.90?

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Motorinput=P=5kW
OriginalP.F=Cos1=0.75
FinalP.F=Cos2=0.90
1=Cos1=(0.75)=41.41Tan1=Tan(41.41)=0.8819
2=Cos1=(0.90)=25.84Tan2=Tan(25.50)=0.4843
RequiredCapacitorkVARtoimproveP.Ffrom0.75to0.90
RequiredCapacitorkVAR=P(Tan1Tan2)
=5kW(0.88190.4843)
=1.99kVAR
AndRatingofCapacitorsconnectedineachPhase
1.99/3=0.663kVAR
Example2:
An Alternator is supplying a load of 650 kW at a P.F
(Powerfactor)of0.65.WhatsizeofCapacitorinkVARis
requiredtoraisetheP.F(PowerFactor)tounity(1)?And
how many more kW can the alternator supply for the

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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

SupplyingkW=650kW
OriginalP.F=Cos1=0.65
FinalP.F=Cos2=1
1=Cos1=(0.65)=49.45Tan1=Tan(41.24)=1.169
2=Cos1=(1)=0Tan2=Tan(0)=0
RequiredCapacitorkVARtoimproveP.Ffrom0.75to0.90
RequiredCapacitorkVAR=P(Tan1Tan2)
=650kW(1.1690)
=759.85kVAR
HowtoCalculatetheRequiredCapacitorbankvaluein

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Example:3
ASinglephase400V,50Hz,motortakesasupplycurrent
of 50A at a P.F (Power factor) of 0.6. The motor power
factorhastobeimprovedto0.9byconnectingacapacitor
in parallel with it. Calculate the required capacity of

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MotorInput=P=VxIxCos
=400Vx50Ax0.6
=12kW
ActualP.F=Cos1=0..6
RequiredP.F=Cos2=0.90
1=Cos1=(0.60)=53.13Tan1=Tan(53.13)=1.3333
2=Cos1=(0.90)=25.84Tan2=Tan(25.50)=0.4843
RequiredCapacitorkVARtoimproveP.Ffrom0.60to0.90
RequiredCapacitorkVAR=P(Tan1Tan2)
=5kW(1.33330.4843)
=10.188kVAR
improveP.Ffrom0.6to0.9(TwoMethods)

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Solution#1(UsingaSimpleFormula)

CONTACT AND
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1/23/2016

Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

simpleformula
PuttingtheValuesintheaboveformula
=(10.188kVAR)/(2xx50x4002)
=2.0268x104
=202.7x106
=202.7F
Solution#2(SimpleCalculationMethod)
kVAR=10.188(i)
Weknowthat
IC=V/XC

## How to calculate the

size of capacitor
bank ???
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WhereasXC=1/2FC
IC=V/(1/2FC)
IC=V2FC
=(400)x2x(50)xC
IC=125663.7xC
And,
kVAR=(VxIC)/1000[kVAR=(VxI)/1000]
=400x125663.7xC
IC=50265.48xC(ii)
EquatingEquation(i)&(ii),weget,
50265.48xC=10.188C
C=10.188/50265.48
C=2.0268x104
C=202.7x106
C=202.7F
Example4
What value of Capacitance must be connected in parallel
with a load drawing 1kW at 70% lagging power factor
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

## from a 208V, 60Hz Source in order to raise the overall

powerfactorto91%.
Solution:
You can use either Table method or Simple Calculation
kVARtoimprovePowerfactorfrom0.71to0.97.SoIused
tablemethodinthiscase.
P=1000W
ActualPowerfactor=Cos1=0.71
DesiredPowerfactor=Cos2=0.97
From Table, Multiplier to improve PF from 0.71 to 0.97 is
0.783
RequiredCapacitorkVARtoimproveP.Ffrom0.71to0.97
Required Capacitor kVAR = kW x Table Multiplier of 0.71
and0.97
=1kWx0.783
=783VAR(requiredCapacitanceValueinkVAR)
CurrentintheCapacitor=
IC=QC/V
=783/208
=3.76A

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And
XC=V/IC
=208/3.76=55.25
C=1/(2fXC)
C=1(2x60x55.25)

## The Fatal Current ...

GoodtoKnow:
Important formulas which is used for Power factor
improvement calculation as well as used in the above
calculation

What is True,

PowerinWatts
kW=kVAxCos
kW = HP x 0.746 or (HP x 0.746) / Efficiency (HP =
MotorPower)
2
2
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

kW=(kVA2kVAR2)
kW=P=VICos(SinglePhase)
kW=P=3xVxICos(ThreePhase)
ApparentPowerinVA
kVA=(kW2+kVAR2)
kVA=kW/Cos
ReactivePowerinVA
kVAR=(kVA2kW2)
kVAR=Cx(2fV2)
Powerfactor(from0.1to1)
PowerFactor=Cos=P/VI(SinglePhase)
PowerFactor=Cos=P/(3xVxI)(ThreePhase)
PowerFactor=Cos=kW/kVA(BothSinglePhase&
ThreePhase)
PowerFactor=Cos=R/Z(Resistance/Impedance)
XC=1/(2fC)(XC=Capacitivereactance)
IC=V/XC(I=V/R)

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RequiredCapacityofCapacitorinkVAR
kVAR=Cx(2fV2)

## Top Fuel Centrifugal

Clutch Explained...

Example5:
Calculate Size of Capacitor Bank Annual Saving in Bills

andPaybackPeriodforCapacitorBank.

efficiency,0.82PowerFactor,(2)2Nosof7.5KW,415V
motor ,90% efficiency,0.82 Power Factor,(3) 10KW
,415V Lighting Load. The Targeted Power Factor for
Systemis0.98.
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

100Rs/KVAand10Rs/KW.

## Calculate size of Discharge Resistor for discharging of

capacitorBank.DischargerateofCapacitoris50vinless
than1minute.
Also Calculate reduction in KVAR rating of Capacitor if

## Total Load KW for Connection(1) =Kw / Efficiency=

(18.52)/90%=41.1KW

Factor=41.1/0.82=50.1KVA
Total Load KVA (new) for Connection(1)= KW /New
PowerFactor=41.1/0.98=41.9KVA

(Newp.f)2)/Newp.f])

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ForConnection(1):

Flemings Rule...

Calculation:

Explained...

## Graphics Array) and

DeprecationCostofCapacitoris12%.

## Usb 2.0 & 3.0 Pin

voltage 415V, Capacitor Cost is 60Rs/Kvar. Annual

Bluestacks ...

## Total Load KVAR1=41.1x([(1(0.82)2) / 0.82] [(1

(0.98)2)/0.98])

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tan1=Arcos(0.82)=0.69
tan2=Arcos(0.98)=0.20
Total

Spark's pint-sized

## Load KVAR1= KWX (tan1 tan2) =41.1(0.69

0.20)=20.35KVAR
ForConnection(2):
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

## Total Load KW for Connection(2) =Kw / Efficiency=

(7.52)/90%=16.66KW

Factor=16.66/0.83=20.08KVA

## Total Load KVA (new) for Connection(1)= KW /New

PowerFactor=16.66/0.98=17.01KVA

(Newp.f)2)/Newp.f])

## Total Load KVAR2=20.35x([(1(0.83)2) / 0.83] [(1

(0.98)2)/0.98])

ForConnection(3):

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Factor=10/0.85=11.76KVA

## Total Load KVA (new) for Connection(1)= KW /New

Arun Karthik

PowerFactor=10/0.98=10.20KVA

View my

(Newp.f)2)/Newp.f])

## Total Load KVAR3=20.35x([(1(0.85)2) / 0.85] [(1

complete profile

Visitors

(0.98)2)/0.98])
TotalKVAR=KVAR1+KVAR2+KVAR3
TotalKVAR=20.35+7.82+4.17
TotalKVAR=32Kvar

SizeofCapacitorBank:
SiteofCapacitorBank=32Kvar.
Leading KVAR supplied by each Phase= Kvar/No of

Phase
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

KVAR

supplied

by

each

Phase

=32/3=10.8Kvar/Phase

## Capacitor Charging Current (Ic)= (Kvar/Phase

x1000)/Volt

CapacitorChargingCurrent(Ic)=(10.81000)/(415/3)
CapacitorChargingCurrent(Ic)=44.9Amp

## Capacitance of Capacitor = Capacitor Charging

Current(Ic)/Xc

Xc=2x3.14xfxv=23.14x50x(415/3)=75362
CapacitanceofCapacitor=44.9/75362=5.96F
Required3Nosof10.8KvarCapacitorsand
TotalSizeofCapacitorBankis32Kvar

ProtectionofCapacitorBank

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SizeofHRCFuseforCapacitorBankProtection:
Sizeofthefuse=165%to200%ofCapacitorCharging

current.
Sizeofthefuse=244.9Amp
Sizeofthefuse=90Amp

SizeofCircuitBreakerforCapacitorProtection:

## Size of the Circuit Breaker =135% to 150% of

CapacitorChargingcurrent.

SizeoftheCircuitBreaker=1.544.9Amp
SizeoftheCircuitBreaker=67Amp

## Thermal relay setting between 1.3 and 1.5of Capacitor

Chargingcurrent.

ThermalrelaysettingofC.B=1.544.9Amp
ThermalrelaysettingofC.B=67Amp

## Magnetic relay setting between 5 and 10 of Capacitor

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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

Chargingcurrent.
MagneticrelaysettingofC.B=1044.9Amp
MagneticrelaysettingofC.B=449Amp

SizingofcablesforcapacitorConnection:
Capacitorscanwithstandapermanentovercurrentof30%

+toleranceof10%oncapacitorCurrent.
CablessizeforCapacitorConnection=1.3x1.1xnominal

capacitorCurrent
Cables size for Capacitor Connection = 1.43 x nominal

capacitorCurrent
CablessizeforCapacitorConnection=1.4344.9Amp
CablessizeforCapacitorConnection=64Amp

MaximumsizeofdischargeResistorforCapacitor:
Capacitorswillbedischargebydischargingresistors.

## After the capacitor is disconnected from the source of

supply, discharge resistors are required for discharging
eachunitwithin3minto75Vorlessfrominitialnominal
peakvoltage(accordingIECstandard60831).

Discharge

## capacitors. There shall be no switch, fuse cutout or any

other isolating device between the capacitor unit and the
dischargeresistors.
Max.DischargeresistanceValue(StarConnection)=Ct

/CnxLog(Unx2/Dv).
Max.DischargeresistanceValue(DeltaConnection)=Ct

/1/3xCnxLog(Unx2/Dv)
WhereCt=CapacitorDischargeTime(sec)
Un=LineVoltage
Dv=CapacitorDischargevoltage.
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

MaximumDischargeresistance=60/((5.96/1000000)xlog

(415x2/50)
MaximumDischargeresistance=4087K

## Effect of Decreasing Voltage & Frequency on Rating of

Capacitor:
Thekvarofcapacitorwillnotbesameifvoltageappliedto

thecapacitorandfrequencychanges
Reduced in Kvar size of Capacitor when operating 50 Hz

unitat40Hz
Actual

## KVAR = Rated KVAR x(Operating Frequency /

RatedFrequency)
ActualKVAR=RatedKVARx(40/50)
ActualKVAR=80%ofRatedKVAR

26.6Kvar

## Reduced in Kvar size of Capacitor when operating 415V

unitat400V
ActualKVAR=RatedKVARx(Operatingvoltage/Rated

voltage)^2
ActualKVAR=RatedKVARx(400/415)^2
ActualKVAR=93%ofRatedKVAR

## Hence 32 Kvar Capacitor works as 93%x32Kvar=

23.0Kvar

AnnualSavingandPayBackPeriod
BeforePowerFactorCorrection:
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

AnnualUnitConsumption=KWxDailyusesx365
AnnualUnitConsumption=62x24x365=543120Kwh
Annualcharges=54312010=5431200Rs
TotalAnnualCost=8198+5431200
Total

## Annual Cost before Power Factor Correction=

5439398Rs
AfterPowerFactorCorrection:
AnnualUnitConsumption=KWxDailyusesx365
AnnualUnitConsumption=62x24x365=543120Kwh
Annualcharges=54312010=5431200Rs(2)
CapitalCostofcapacitor=KvarxCapacitorcost/Kvar=82

x60=4919Rs(3)
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Howtocalculatethesizeofcapacitorbank???~OnebyZeroElectronics

AnnualInterestandDeprecationCost=4919x12%=590Rs

(4)
TotalAnnualCost=6916+5431200+4919+590

=5438706Rs

PayBackPeriod:

## Total Annual Cost before Power Factor Correction=

5439398Rs

TotalAnnualCostAfterPowerFactorCorrection=5438706

Rs
AnnualSaving=54393985438706Rs
AnnualSaving=692Rs
PaybackPeriod=CapitalCostofCapacitor/AnnualSaving
PaybackPeriod=4912/692
PaybackPeriod=7.1Years

## FRIDAY, MAY 29, 2015

KARTHIK

ARUN

ELECTRICAL

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