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Destiny Davis


Reducing Infant Mortality

There are a diverse amount of methods to increase health-literacy
surrounding pregnancy, childbirth, and caring for newborns. Health literacy
represents the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and
ability of people to gain access and understand, while using the information
in ways to promote and maintain good health. Health literacy means more
than being able to read pamphlets and successfully make appointments. By
having health literacy, youre improving people's access to health
information and their capacity to use it effectively. Pregnant women in
general, and first-time mothers are provided with useful information. Many
women, especially first-time mothers, attend antenatal classes which
prepare them for labor and delivery, and usually include basic baby care
skills. Although this knowledge and related skills are important for a
successful pregnancy and childbirth, women need different knowledge and
skills for a successful parenthood. Typically, since antenatal education
tends to focus on facts surrounding pregnancy, labor and basic baby care
skills, women do not necessarily gain confidence and emotional insight from
the antenatal classes. Research has shown that breastfeeding is recognized
as the best source of nutrition for most infants. Many types of interventions
have been implemented in Estonia and in other parts of the world to try to
increase breastfeeding, as well as exclusive breastfeeding. So Estonias first
strategy is, Maternity Care Practices. Maternity care practices related to
breastfeeding take place in hospitals. They include practices related to
immediate prenatal care, care during labor and birthing, and postpartum
care. Rural pregnant women and their infants generally have the same types
of problems as their urban counterparts. Overall, pregnant rural women
when compared to their urban counterparts are younger, have a higher
maternal mortality rate, have a larger number of children, have less
adequate prenatal care, experience higher fetal death rates, and are more
likely to be on public health insurance or no insurance. In addition, rural
women clearly obtain fewer services and less timely prenatal care than their
urban counterparts. Several factors contribute to the rural disadvantage.
Many programs that are intended to help with rural womens pregnancies,
deliveries, and infant care. Many of these programs help urban women as
well, especially those located in inner cities. Our efforts to improve maternal
and infant health of the Estonian population should be substantially
expanded. The unique problems experienced in rural Estonia, especially in
remote and isolated rural towns, can be addressed with effort. Despite
supporting women to deliver in health facilities with the assistance of skilled

attendants, some women do not agree with this. Onset of labor at night,
rainy season, rapid labor, and health workers attitudes were related to the
women delivering at home. Women who were assisted in the delivery by
traditional birth attendants, relatives or neighbors felt more comfortable. The
problem is not with finding the yellow brick road but with diligently following