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Effects of Alcohol

Alcohol affects every cell in the body. The moment you swallow the alcohol begins acting on the body. From the stomach and the intestines, it moves rapidly into the bloodstream. From the blood, it enters every cell. Within minutes ethanol is affecting the brain, muscles, nerves, glands and small blood vessels of the skin. It also passes through the liver. The liver can handle 1 drink per hour.

The organ and how alcohol impairs it:

Liver- If a person drinks more than 1 drink per hour, the excess overflows into the bloodstream.

Lungs- The lungs excrete a little ethanol from the bloodstream as a gas exhaled in the breath.

Blood vessels- Alcohol relaxes these nerves, and the blood vessels of the skin widen.

Nerves and Brain- Alcohol depresses the action of the nervous system that usually sets limits on behavior.

The after effects of someone who drinks too much include headache, pain, and nausea. Excessive drinking can cause long-term damage to the heart, pancreas, liver, and brain. Cirrhosis is liver disease that causes high blood pressure and also weakens the

body’s defenses against infection. High

blood pressure can increase the risk of heart attacks or strokes.

Teen Health The legal drinking age in the United States is 21. Why do teens drink?
Teen Health
The legal drinking age in the United States is
21.
Why do teens drink?
Curiosity
To feel good, reduce stress, and relax
To fit in
To feel older
From a young age kids experience their
parents socially drinking and then believe that
it’s harmless.
Why shouldn’t I drink?
It’s illegal
Possibility of getting addicted
Problems in school
Doing things you wouldn’t normally

do Avoid drinking by avoiding places alcohol

could be. Don’t let you friends get behind the wheel drunk but don’t get into a car with a

drunk driver either. To get help for yourself or for someone else talk to a trusted adult or school counselor. Places like Alateen, AA, and Al anon can help.

ALCOHOL

101

Alcohol for Dummies

This Brochure includes:  Alcohol related crashes of 2014  Underage Drinking  Effects of Alcohol

This Brochure includes:

  • Alcohol related crashes of 2014

  • Underage Drinking

  • Effects of Alcohol

  • Teen health

Alcohol related crashes of 2014

In Pennsylvania there were 10,550 alcohol related crashes in 2014.

In 2014 333 people died in alcohol related crashes.

On an average day:

  • 29 alcohol-related traffic

crashes occurred.

0.9 people were killed in alcohol-related traffic crashed.

  • 20 people were injured in

alcohol-related traffic crashes.

The total number of crashes of all age group for males is 7,592.

The total number of crashes of all age group for females is

2,666.

13% of the driver deaths in 16-

  • 20 age groups were drinking

drivers.

This Brochure includes:  Alcohol related crashes of 2014  Underage Drinking  Effects of Alcohol

You cannot legally drink or purchase alcoholic beverages in Pennsylvania until you are 21. If you are caught buying, drinking, possessing, or transporting beer, wine, or liquor,

you can be arrested. If convicted of underage drinking you can be fines up to $300, jailed up to 90 days or both. In addition, you will have a criminal record and lose you license for 90 days. If you are caught driving under the influence of alcohol, it is a

misdemeanor of the second degree, with a maximum penalty of up to 5,000 and up to 2 years in jail. If you are tried and convicted, you must pay a minimum of $300 and spend at least 48 hours in jail and pay other

legal fees. In addition, you will lose you license for at least 3 months, possibly up to a year. Under Pennsylvania’s zero tolerance law,

persons under 21 can be arrested and charged with a DUI even if their

blood alcohol is .020.