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2/2/2016
Causes of WWI (1914 - 1917)

Vocabulary:
isolationism belief that US should refrain from
involvement in overseas politics, alliances, or wars

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K-W: America in World War I


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The Great War

WWI & American Neutrality


Wilson declared neutrality at onset of WWI
(1914)
Linguistic, cultural connections to England,
France
German & Austrian plans for industrial
sabotage

WWI & American Neutrality


US banks give loans to Allies (UK, France,
Russia)
US continued trade with Allies (German
trade blocked by British Navy)

Freedom of the Seas


Germany announces U-boat warfare
surrounding British Isles, but US neutral shipping
continues
Lusitania sunk, killing 128 Americans (and cases
of ammunition)
Sussex Pledge: German U-Boats would not sink
passenger ships without warning

Catalyst of the War


Wilson wins re-election, 1916
He kept us out of war!
January 1917: Germany re-opens
unrestricted submarine warfare,
hoping to be able to win war
before US could enter
March 1917: Zimmerman
Telegram
March 1917: 4 US unarmed
merchant ships sunk

Declaration of War, April 1917


Wilsons twin goals of war:
The world must be made safe for
Democracy
A war to end all wars

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