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VOICE

Voice is that property of verb which shows whether the


subject is doing or experiencing the function.

Voices are of two kinds:


1. Active Voice: (When the Subject is Active)
2. Passive Voice: (When the Subject is
Passive)
REMEMBER:
When we give importance to the doer(of the action), we use
Active Voice. When we give importance to the work/fact, we
use Passive Voice.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

CHANGE OF VOICE

She
paints
a picture.
(Subject)
(Verb)
(Object)

A picture
Suject

is painted

Active
Voice

by her.

Passive
Verb

Object

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

Passive
Voice

Rules of changing Active into


Passive Voice

Change subject into Object & Object into


Subject
Always use III form of verb
Use appropriate form of
be(is/am/are/was/were/been/being/will/
shall) before the main verb in III form.
Use by before the object:(in some cases by
is not used or it is replaced by a prepositionto,at,in,for etc.)
The verb is changed according to the new
subject
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English, KV KUNJABAN

Interchange of Subject &


Object
PERSON

SINGULAR

PLUARAL

I person

I-Me

We-Us

II person

You-You

You-You

III person

He-Him

They-Them

She-Her
It-It

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

Tense/Modals

Active Verb

Passive Verb

Simple Present

take/takes

am/is/are taken

Present continuous

am/ is/are taking

am/is/are being taken

Present Perfect

has /have taken

Has/have been taken

Present Perfect
Continuous

Has/have been taking

______________________

Simple Past

took

was/were taken

Past Continuous

was/were taking

was/were being taken

Past Perfect

had taken

had been taken

Past Perfect
Continuous

had been taking

-------------------

Simple Future

shall/will take

shall/will be taken

Future Continuous

shall/will be taking

-------------------

Future Perfect

shall/will have taken

shall/will have been


taken

Future Perfect
Continuous

shall/will have been


painting

-------------------

Can/may/must etc.

can/may/must take

can be/may be/must


be taken

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


ACTIVE VOICE
She paints a
picture.
The carpenter
makes furniture.
She does not like
coffee.
They do not learn
music.
Does he like it?

PASSIVE VOICE
A picture is painted
by her.
Furniture is made
by the carpenter.
Coffee is not liked
by her.
Music is not learnt
by them.
Is it liked by him?

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


ACTIVE VOICE
She is painting a picture.

They are weaving the


threads.

She is watching a movie.

Geeta is not plucking the


flowers.

PASSIVE VOICE
A picture is being painted
by her.
The threads are being
woven by them.

A movie is being
watched by them.
The flowers are not being
plucked by Geeta.

Is he learning English?

Is English being learnt by


him?

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


ACTIVE VOICE
She has read a book.

They have not learnt


dance.
She has finished
cooking.
Have you started
writing?
He has completed the
task.

PASSIVE VOICE
A book has been
read by her.
Dance has not been
learnt by them.
Cooking has been
finished by her.
Has writing been
started by you?
The task has been
completed by him.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SIMPLE PAST TENSE


ACTIVE VOICE
He cut an apple.

She opened the gate.

She did not drink


coke.
Did they attend the
meeting?
He enjoyed the music
the whole night.

PASSIVE VOICE
An apple was cut by
him.
The gate was opened
by her.
Coke was not drunk by
her.
Was the meeting
attended by them?
The music was
enjoyed by him the
whole night.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE


ACTIVE VOICE
They were drawing the
paintings.

She was not playing


chess.
Were they washing
clothes?
He was making a car at
that time.

I was learning music.

PASSIVE VOICE
The paintings were
being drawn by them.
Chess was not being
played by her.
Were clothes being
washed by them?
A car was being made
by him at that time.
Music was being
learnt by me.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

PAST PERFECT TENSE


ACTIVE VOICE
She had arranged a
party.
He had joined a new
group.
He had not committed
the mistake.
Had they hidden the
camera?
We had changed the
schedule.

PASSIVE VOICE
A party had been
arranged by her.
A new group had been
joined by him.
The mistake had not
been committed by
him.
Had the camera been
hidden by them?
The schedule had been
changed by us.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

ACTIVE VOICE
She will perform the
activity on the stage.

He will conclude the


project in a month.

He will meet them


tomorrow.
Nokia will release new
models on Diwali.

Will he write a play for us?

PASSIVE VOICE
The activity will be
performed on the stage by
her.
The project will be
concluded in a month by
him.
They will meet him
tomorrow.
New models will be
released by Nokia on
Diwali.
Will a play be written by
him for us?

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE


PASSIVE VOICE
We shall have been joined
by them by then.

ACTIVE VOICE
They will have joined us by
then.

I shall have completed my


work.

My work will have been


completed by me.

He will have met them by


that time.

They will have been met


by him by that time.

Will he have finished the


speech?
They will not have
completed the dinner.

Will the speech have been


finished by him?
The dinner will not have
been completed by them.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SUMMARY OF PASSIVE FORM OF


VERB
SIMPLE

CONTINUOU
S

PERFECT

PRESENT

Is/am/are+ III
f.v.

Is/am/are+
being+ III f.v.

Has/have+
been+III f.v.

PAST

Was/were+III
f.v.

Was/were+
being+III f.v.

Had+been+III
f.v.

FUTURE

Will/shall+
be+ III f.v.

--------------

Will/shall+
have been+ III
f.v.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

IMPERATIVE SENTENCES
REMEMBER:Imperative sentences can be changed into Passive
Voice in two ways:
(1)Let+ new subject(Object in the Active Voice) +
be/not be + III form of verb
(2)According to the sense of the sentence use the
expression like-You are requested to/ordered
to/advised to/suggested to/not to + I form of
verb

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

IMPERATIVE SENTENCES
(They show order, command, request,
suggestion etc.)
ACTIVE VOICE
Open the books.

Shut the window.

Dont waste your time.

Help me, please.

PASSIVE VOICE
Let the books be opened.
or
You are ordered to open the books.
Let the window be shut.
or
You are ordered to shut the window.

Let your time not be wasted.


or
You are advised not to waste time.

You are requested to help me.

Let the needy be always helped.


or
You are suggested to help the needy.

Always help the needy.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SENTENCES HAVING MODALS

ACTIVE VOICE
Ram could not help his
brother.

You can solve the


problem.
He may help you.

I must have my share.

He would not help you.

PASSIVE VOICE
His brother(Rams
brother) could not be
helped by Ram(him).
The problem can be
solved by you.
You may be helped by
him.
My share must be had
by me.
You would not be helped
by him.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SENTENCES WITH PREPOSITIONAL


VERB

REMEMBER:If in Active Voice a preposition follows a verb, it is not changed in


Passive Voice and remains with the same verb.

ACTIVE VOICE
I am waiting for my
sister.
A car ran over a boy.

Who is knocking at the


door?

PASSIVE VOICE
My sister is being
waited for by me.
A boy was run over by
a car.
By whom the door is
being knocked at?

The beggar was


laughed at by them.
A good dress was
being searched for by
-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT
English,her.
KV KUNJABAN

They laughed at the


beggar.
She was searching for
a good dress.

SENTENCES HAVING PREPOSITION OTHER THAN BY


IN PASSIVE VOICE

REMEMBER:In Passive Voice certain verbs take prepositions other than by, e.g.,
annoyed at, shocked at, surprised at, offended at(behaviour), offended
with(a person), married with, pleased with(a person), pleased
at(something),disgusted with, satisfied with, known to etc.

ACTIVE VOICE
His arrival surprised me.
This box contains your
papers.

His behaviour offended me.

My work satisfied the officer.

His remark annoyed me.


Who displeased you?

She knows the truth.

PASSIVE VOICE
I was surprised at his arrival.
Your papers are contained in
this box.
I was offended at his
behaviour.
The officer was satisfied with
my work.
I was annoyed at his remark.
By whom you were displeased
with?
The truth is known to her.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

SENTENCES WHERE BY IS NOT NORMALLY USED IN PASSIVE


VOICE
REMEMBER:When in Active Voice Subject is not specific, we do not mention it
while changing into Passive Voice-such typical subjects are
sombody/someone,public/people,police,one,they etc.

ACTIVE VOICE
Somebody broke the glass.
Public elected him the
chairman.
Police will arrest the
terrorist.
They found him stealing.
One ought to help the
poor.
One must keep ones
promise.

PASSIVE VOICE
The glass was broken.
He was elected chairman.

The terrorist will be


arrested.
He was found stealing.
The poor ought to be
-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT
helped.
English, KV KUNJABAN

SENTENCES HAVING TWO OBJECTS OF THE


VERB

REMEMBER:In sentences having two objects of the verbs, Passive Voice can be
made by changing any Object into Subject, preferably change the
first Object into Subject.

ACTIVE VOICE
Who teaches you Maths?

I gave him a pen.

We were told a horror story


by him.
or
A horror story was told to
-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT
English, KV
KUNJABAN
us
by him.

He told us a horror story.

PASSIVE VOICE
By whom are you taught
Maths?
or
By whom is Maths taught
to you?
He was given a pen by me.
or
A pen was given to him by
me.

SOME TYPICAL EXAMPLES

ACTIVE VOICE
Nobody can solve this
problem.
They say that truth always
wins.
No one has opened the
parcel.

Help him.
Grass grows over the fields.

One must do ones duty.


I hope to come.
Seven days make a week.
Honey tastes sweet.
The room needs cleaning.
Sit down.
The students should obey

PASSIVE VOICE
This problem cannot be
solved by anyone.
It is said that truth always
wins.
The parcel has not been
opened by anyone.
He should be helped.
The fields are overgrown by
grass.
Duty must be done.
It is hoped that I shall come.
A week is made of seven
days.
Honey is sweet when tasted.
The room needs to be
cleaned.
Be seated.
Teachers should be obeyed.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

EXERCISE
Change the voice.
1) Mohan has done his job.
2) Somebody gave her a box of chocolates on her
birthday.
3) His work will annoy you.
4) Bimal is not playing cricket.
5) She speaks French fluently.
6) She had not completed her work.
7) Vandana was singing a song.
8) Raksha did not speak the truth.
9) Start writing the exercise.
10) They will have finished their lunch by then.

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

EXERXISE

Complete the following paragraph by filling in the


correct form of verbs given in the brackets:
Letter writing is a skill which can _________
(acquire) with a lot of practice. In a letter both the
addresses _______ (put) on the left side of the
page. The subject should _________ (underline) so
that it _______ (highlight); the contents of the
letter ______ (write) briefly in a formal letter. The
date on which the letter _________ (write) should
clearly _______ (mention); the letter should also
______ duly ______ (sign).

-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT


English, KV KUNJABAN

Thanks for
paying
attention.
-Created by Vyomesh Raval, TGT
English, KV KUNJABAN