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Practice Examination .
and Sample Questions
- for
Visual Inspection ..
Workshop
-

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. AmericanwellillUW_--i

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I

VlW PRACTICE EXAMINATION


i

- Refer to Part B Specification


Read ea~h question carefully and select tbe, one best answer. IUs b~lpful for you to write down tbe Appendix
Dumber(s} and page(s) where you find the answer. The exam should be completed within a two ~our period.
1. The designer is specifying the joint designation, B-U2-GF, for the welding of two structural members. What,is
the maximum acceptable range of root opening dimensions; asdetailed,'available
to the designer for that joint .'
configuration?
'",
".
'
a. 0 to 118inch
b. 1/16 inch to 3/16 inch
c. 0 to 1/4 inch '
d. 0 to 3/16 inch
e. none of the' above
2. Where should the designation AS.I8 be placed on the Appendix'l
'a. space # 5
'
'
b. space #: 6
c. space '# 7
d. space # I
,
e. none of the above' ,

fonn?

3. Which of the following would be a matching electrode for GMA W of AS72 Or 60 steel?
a. ER70S-XXX
, b: ER80S-XXX
c. ER90S with 20 ft-Ibs minimum impact strength at 00 F
d. ERIOOS-XXX
e. none of the above
4. For, GMAW welding of3 inch thick AS17 Gr 100 steel; what is the required preheat and interpass te{Dperature?
a. 22So F minimu!l1
. '
" -,
__b.__
225~.f.m~Aim!-1.~__
c. 22S? F minimum to 4s00F:max.imum
d. 22So F minimum to 4000F maximum
e. none of. the above .

Questions 5 and 6 refer to the Butt joint weld sa~ple.


5: Is
a:
b.
c.
d.
e.

the depth of the undercut-on this weld sample acceptable if the weld axis is parallel to the prim~ry stress?
yes
no
no acceptance criteria provided
not enough information provided
none of the above

6. Is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

the amount of weld reinforcement on this sample acceptable?


yes
no
no acceptance criteria provided
not enough information provided
none of the above

1. Which of the following processes wouldbe acceptable for the prequali~edjoint


B-U2a-OF?
L~~

b. S~AW
c. GTAW
d. SAW
e. none of the above

The following info.rmation.applies

for guestio~s' 8 through 13:

A welding procedure is being qualified for the welding of A577. Gr 60 plate fora structural
applicatitJD. Thl:
welding process to be used is a FCAW, and the weld configuration is"'single-Y""grooveweld.with
a steel
.
baC;king; The thickness of the test" piate is 1-1/2 inches. This pri)cedurequalificatiol1
coupon is being welde~ in
tbe .horizontal position for plate.
8. What is the matching filler metal classification
a; EIIXTX-X
b. EI0XTX-X
c. E9XTX-X'
d. E8XTX-X
e.. none of the above

for this btse metal?

9.Wbat is the required preheat and ~nterpass temperature for this procedure?'
a. 1500C minimum to 2050 C maximum"
..
..
b. 1500 F minimum to 4000 F maximum
c. 1500 F minimum
d. 22"50F'minimum
e. 3000 F. minimum
10. For what maximum thickness will this procedure be qualified lfthe requited tests are succes~fi.llly passed?,.

Lm~

. b. 3 inches maximum
c. unlimited thickness
d. 3/4 to 1-1/2 inches
e:-none oftheabove-~--~----

. .'

..

II. If the welder who performs this procedure qualification is successfully quaiified,:ln w~at positibns is.that
individual qualified for production welding?
.
a. horizontal groove and fillet welds in plate .
.,
b. flat and horizontal grooves in p.ljl~~.
..
.
.
.
c. flat and horizon.tal grooves in pipe 'ifthe pipe is greater than 24 inches diam~ter with backing or backgouging
d. flat and horizontal fillets in pipe
.
e. all of the above
12. What is the F number of the filler metal required for this qualification test?
a.' 1
b.3

c. 6
d. 5
e. none of the above

13. What test specimens


a. 2 reduced section
b. 2 reduced section
c. 2 reduced section
. d. 2 reduced section
e. none of the above

are required for this.qualification test?


tensiles, 2 root bends, 2 face bends
tensiles, 4 side bends
tensiles, 2 macroetch specimens, 4 side bends
tensiles, 2 macroetch specimens, 2 root bends, 2 face bends

14. A shielding gas flow rate is 7.5 liters per minute. What.is the flow rate in cubic feet per hour?
a. 15.9
b. 3.54
c. 159
d. 35.4
e. 12.8

15. During the eval,uation of a guided bend test specimen,


of slag inclusions or other fusion type discontinuities.
a. acceptable
b. rejectable because the crack is greater than 1/4 inch
c. rejectable because the crack is greater thanIl8 inch
d. disregarded and a replacement specimen should be
e. disregarded and a replacement specimen should be

a 5/16 inch comer crack is observed.


The specimen is:

There is no evidence

long
long
removed from the original weld.
removed from a different weld

16. Where should the designation E601 0 be placed on the Appendix I form?
a. space # 5
b. space # 6
c. space # 7
d. no prescribed place for this information
e. this information is not applicable for procedure qualification

Questions 17 and 18 refer to the largest T-Joint sample


.

17. 8ased on the actual size of t.!-jefillet weld


Specification?
.
a. 1/4 inch
b. 5/16 inch
'c. 3/8 inch
d. 7/16 inch
e. none of the above

OIl

Side A, what is the maximum size this weld will meet per the Part B

18. The discontinuity occurring in the region of the fillet weld fromOto
a. root porosity
b. linear porosity
c. cluster porosity
d. aligned porosity
e. wormhole porosity

Al is properly referred to as;

19. Is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

the porosity at location Al acceptable?


yes
no
cannot be determined
no acceptance criteria given
none of the above'

20. Is
a.
b:'
c,
d.
e.

the porosity at location A2 accept~ble?


yes
no

cannot be determined
no acceptance criteria given
none of the above
.

'

The following information

applies for Questions

21 through 26:

A welder successfully qualifies on a groove weld in the 50 position on 8 inch, schedule 80 pipe using the SMAW
process. The pipe materials are ,\PI 5LX, Grades X42 andX52.
21. For what maximum thickness range is this qualification
a. 5/16 inch through 3/4 inch
b. 1/2 inch through 1 inch
c. 0.187 inches to unlimited
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
22. Which electrode classification

valid?

is an appropriate matching fi"tlermetal for this qualificatioll to Part B?

a. E7018
b. E7028
c. E6010

d. both a and. b above


e. none of the above'
23. for what range of pipe diamp.ters is this qualification valid?
a. I inch through 4 inch
b. 4 inch and smaller
c. 4 inch, and larger
d. test diameter and below
e. all diameters
24. What test specimens were required?
a. 2 face bends, 2 root bends
b. 1 face bend, 1 root bend
c. 2 face bends, 2 root ben.ds, 2 reduced section tensile samples
d. 4 side bends, 2 reduced section tensile samples
e: 4 side bends

'

25. What is the required preheat and interpass temperature for this joint?
a. none required
b. none if the base metal is above 32 F
c. 50 F minimum
'
d. 150 F minimum
e. 50 F minimum and 400 F maximum
26. What F number(s) apply to the proper filler metal for this application?
a. 1 and 6
b. 2 and 6
c. 1 and 4
d. 4 only
e. 1 only

Questions 27 through 29 refer to the sample tensile specime'n A


27. What is the width of the reduced section?
a. 0.45 inches
b. 0.50 inches
c. 12.7 millimeters
d. 15.4 millimeters
e. band c above
'28.

What is the thickness of the reduced sectiop?


a. 0.20 inches
b. 5.1 millimeters
c. 0.25 inches
d. both a and b above
e. both band c above.

29. Csing the answers from Questions 27 and 28 above to calculate an area: what is its tensile strength if it exhibited
a maximum load of 8560 pounds during the tensile test?
"

Tensile Strength
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

68,000
68,480
72;500
74.500
75,000

psi
psi
psi
psi
psi

Load
Area

"

30. If the specimen from Question 29 was taken from a piece of 2 1/2 inch thick A588 steel, does it mbet the
specification requirements for tensile strength?
a. yes
b. no
c. impossible to determine from the information provided
d. no value for required tensile strength provided
e. none of the above

a welder completes a weld joint in the 6G position for a welder qualification test by starting the weld at the
bottom of the pipe and travels upward toward the top, where should th,at information regarding the weldi~g
direction be placed on the AppendilC II form?
,a. space # 3
'
b. space # 7
c. space #12
d. space # 16
e. none of the above

32. Is the porosity at location B Ion' Side B acceptable?


a. yes
b. no
c. canno~ be determined
d. no acceptance criteria given
e. none of the above
33. The porosity appearing at B I, Side B, would best be described as:
a. linear or aligned porosity
b, cluster porosity
c. wormhole porosity
d. elongated porosity
e, grouped porosity
34. What is the, heat input' for
of 6 inches p'er minute')

weld mac.e with the

Y:"'1A W process
.

using 26 volts, 260 amperes, and a travel speed


"

Amps x volts x 60
Travel Speed (ipm)
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

64,000
66,000
66,600
67,600
68,000

J/inch

J/inch
J/inch

J/inch'
J/inch

35. What rejectable- discontinuity exists' in the fillet weld on Side I?


a. toe crack
b. crater crack
c. underfill
d. excessive weld reinforcement
e. overlap
36. If the fillet weld on Side 3 is measured, what is the maximum fillet weld size it will meet per Part B?
a. 3/16 inch
b. 1/4 inch
c. 5/16 inch
d. 3/8 inch
e.' none of the above'

37. Is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

the undercut on S'ide 4 acceptable if the' weld axis is transverse to the direction of primary stress'?
yes
no
no acceptance criteria provided
not enough information provided
none of the above

38. Using a matching filler metal for 1 inch thick A516 Or 70, whatis theininimum
material?
a. 38 ksi
b. 38,000 psi
c. 51 ksi
d. both a and b above
e. none of the above

',

required yield strength of this

39. Specimen A is
al acceptable
b. rejectable because of comer crack(s)
/. rejectable because of cracks(s) on the convex surface
d. rejectable because of porosity on the convex surface
e. both band c
40, Specimen B is
,a. acceptable
b. rejectable because of comer crack(s)
c; rejectable because of cracks(s) on the convex surface
d. rejectable because of porosity on the convex surface
e. both c and d
41. Specimen C is
a. acceptable
b. rejectable because of comer crack(s)
/c. rejectable because of elongated discontinuities on the convex surface
d. rejectable because of porosity on the convex surface
e. both band c
42. Specimen D is
la. acceptable
b. rejectable because of comer crack(s)
c. rejectable because of cracks(s) on the convex surface
d. rejectable because of porosity on the convex surface
e. both band c
43. Is the welder who welded this test weldment qualified if all the bend test samples 'a,re required for qualificatio'n?
a.

yes

b.
c.
d.
/e.

no,
no,
no,
no,

because
because
because
because

Bend A is rejectable
Bend E~is rejectable
Bend C is rejectable
both Bends A and C are rejectable

'44. If
"a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

the shop drawing requires a 5/16 inch fillet weld, is the weld on side 3 acceptable?
yes
no
no acceptance criteria provided,
not enough information provided
none of the above

45. Which of the following discontinuities are present on Side I?


a. underfill and excessive reinforcement
b. overlap and elongated surface porosity
c. undercut and overlap
d. undercut, elongated surface porosity and overlap
/
e. undercut and elongated surface porosity
46. Is the weld on Side 3 acceptable?
a. yes
/b. no
c. no acceptance criteria provided
d. not enough information provided
e. none of the above

VIW Sample Questions


Refer to Part B Book of Specifications

for acceptance criteria

1. What is the width of the reduced section tensile specimen B?


a. 0.75 inches
b. 0.80 inches
c. 0.85 inches
d. 0.90 inches
e. none of the above
2. What is the thickness of the reduced section tensile specimen B?
a. 5.8 nun
b. 0.23 inches
c. 0.185 inches
d. both a and b above
e. none of the above
3. Using the answers from Questions I and 2 above to calculate tensile specimen B's cross sectional area, and the
fonnula on Page 5 of these exercises, what is specimen B's tensile strength if it fractured at a maximum load of
11,030 pounds during the tensile test?
a. 75,495 psi
b. 79,500 psi
c. 84,000 psi
d. 89,000 psi
e. 89,500 psi
4. Vvnat is the area of the reduced section of tensile specimen C?
a. 0.12 square inches
b. 120 square nun
c. 0.17 square inches
d. both a and b above
e. none of the above
5. Using the answer from Question 4 above, and the fonnula on Page 5 of these Exercises, what is SpecimenC's
tensile strength if it exhibited a maximum load of 13,080 pounds during the tensile test?
a. 107,000 psi
b. 108,000 psi
c. 109,000 psi
d. 110,000 psi
e. 111,000 psi
6.

If a welder qualifies on a 3/8 inch thick plate groove joint, what thickness of plate groove joint is that welder not
qualified to weld in production?
a. 1/4 inch
b. 1/2 inch
c. 3/4 inch
d. I inch
e. both band c above

7. If a welding procedure is qualified on 10 inch diameter, schedule 20 pipe, for what.range of di~meters and wall
thicknesses is this procedure considered qualified?
a. diameters 4 inches and over, wall thicknesses over 3/16 inch
b. diameters 10 inches and over, wall thickijesses over 1/4 inch
c. diameters 10 inches and over, wall thicknesses over 1/8 inch
d. diameters 10 inches and over, wall thicknesses from 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch
e. diameters 10 inches and over, wall thicknesses from 1/8 ~nch to 1/2 inch
8. Is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

the porosity in section AJ of the smallest T-Joint weld sample acceptable?


yes

no
cannot be determined
no acceptance criteria given
none of the above

9. What is the actual measured weld size on Side B of the smallest T~Joint sample?
a. 7/16 inch
b. 1/4 inch
c. 5/16 inch
d. 3/8 inch
e. none of the above
10. What is the actual measured weld size of Side B of the largest T -Joint sample?
a. 3/16 inch
b. 1/4 inch
c. 5/16 inch
d. 3/8 inch
e. none of the above
11. Is
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

the porosity in section B2 of the smallest T -Joint sample acceptable?


yes
no
cannot be determined
no acceptance criteria given
none of the above

12. What is the size of the item being measured with the machinist's scale in the sketch below?
a. 1 and 23/32 inch
9. 1 and 23/64 inch
c. 1 and 21/64 inch
d. 1 and 21/32 inch
e. 1 and 5/8 inch

13. The width of a rectangular tensile specimen is 0.762 inch. Using the conversion chart on Page 5 of these
Exercises, what is the SIconversion?
a. 22.76 mm
b. 20.69 mm
c. 19.35mm
d. 19.15 mm
e. 18.77 mm
14. The thickness of the specimen in Que~tion 13 is 18.70 mm. Using the conversion chart on Page 5 of these .
Exercises, what is the U.S. Customary conversion?
a. 0.936 inch
b.0.778
inch
c. 0.887 inch
d. 0.966 inch
e. 0.736 inch
15. Using the required values from Questions 13-14 above, calculate the area of the tensile specimen in square
inches and square millimeters.
.
a. 0.777 square inches and 501.294 square millimeters
b. 0.555 square inches and 358.062 square millimeters
c. 0.738 square inches and 476.131 square millimeters
d. 0.561 square inches and 361.845 square millimeters
e. cannot be calCulated
16. If a tensile specimen fails at a load of 51 ,550 pounds, and using the values from Question 15, what is.its ultimate,
tensile strength (using the fonnula on Page 5)?
.
a. 91,889 psi
b. 82,800 psi
c.. 66,400 psi
d. 37,000 psi
e. cannot be calculated
17. Wbat is the size of the weld being measured with the fillet weld gage shown below?
a. 5/16 inch
b. 1/4 inch
c. less than 1/4 inch
d. cannot properly measure weld with the gage shown
e. since the weld is convex, it cannot be measured

18. The fillet weld below is required to be 3/8 inch in size. Wh.at can be said about the weld measurement being
made in the sketch below?
a. the weld is not acceptable because it is too large
b. the weld is acceptable
c. the weld is not acceptable because it is too small
d. cannot accurately determine weld size because incorrect gage is being used

The groove weld shown below is required to have a maximum weld reinforcement of 1/32 inch. From the
measurement shown in the sketch, what should be said about the weld?
a. the weld is unacceptable because there is not enough reinforcement
b. the weld is unacceptable because there is too much reinforcement
c. L:".eweld is unacceptable because the requirement only applies to the face reinforcement, and the root
reinforcement (or face reinforcement if it is a back weld), is being measured
d. ,he weld area being measured is acceptable regarding the amount o( reinforcement
e. 'i:.is gage should not be used to measure reinforcement

Conversion Factors

millimeters
inches

inches
millimeters.

Tensile Strength Formula


Tensile Strength

= Load

to fracture
~

25.4.
3.937

10.2

Answer Key,
Prac.tice Examination ..
. 'and Sample Questions
for
Visual Inspection "
Workshop
,

~:.

American Welding Society ,

Revised June 2006

'.

Answer Key - VIW Practice Examination


1. d .'(root opening dimensions from App ill, page 3, top sketch, show R = 0 to 1/8.' The
designer's as detailed tolerance of + 1/16 1-0 must be adde'd to the R range to arrive at correct
answer.)
2. a (App I, page 1; the designation is an example of a Filler Metal Specification.)
3. b (App XIV, Group III, page 19, GMAW process.)
4. c (App XV, Group IV, page 19, over 2-1/2 inch requires 225F for minimum preheat, plus
footnote 3 applies to entire table and requires 450F maximum fOJ:thicknesses greater than
1-1/2 inch.)
5. a (depth of undercut measures 1/32 inch, which is acceptable per App VII, item (6), page 7.
6. a (face reinforcement measures 1/8 inch maximum, which is acceptable per App V, butt
weld Note, page 5, or App VI, item 2, page 6.)
7. a (App III, lower sketch, page 3, GMAW and FCA Ware the only processes listed for this
joint.)
8. d (App XIV, qroup III, page 19, FCA Wprocess.)
9. c CApp XV, Group C, page 21, 1-1/2 inch thickness for 150F minimum. Note: Footnote 3
on page 21 does not apply ~o this material.)
.
10. c (App XIII, section 1, Tests on plate, page 16, 1 inch and over.)
11. e (App XI, page 14. Plate horizontal position is 2G; table shows qualifying in 2G also
qualifies for plate groove and plate fillet welds in F, Hpositions.
J?late 2G qualification also
qualifies for pipe groove in F, H per footnote 1, and for pipe fillets in the F and H positions.)
12. c (App XIV, Group III, page 19 shows filler metal specification A5.29. App X, page 1,1
shows an F number of 6 for this specification.)
'"
13. b (App XIII, page 16, Tests on plate, I inch and over.)
.
14. a (No multiplication conversion factor inside front cover; answer' obtained by dividing 7.5
by 0.472 = 15.889.)
15. d (App VIII, page 8, last sentence.)
16. b (App I, page 1, the:.designation is a Filler Metal Classification.)
17. c (The sample weld's minimum size along its length is actually closest to 5/16 inch. Using
App VII, item (8), page 7, the allowable underrun of 1/16 inch permits this weld to meet the
requirements of a 3/8 inch weld.
18. 'c (Cluster pordsity is not covered in Part B, but is considered required general knowledge.)
19. b (App VII, item (7), page 7; porosity measures greater than 3/8 inch total (3/32 + 3132 +3/32 +
4/32 = 13/32) within 1 linear inch.)
20. a (App VII, item (7), page 7; porosity measures exactly 3/8 inch (4/32 + 4/32 + 4/32 =
12/32 or 3/8)
within 1 linear inch.)
,
.
21. c (App XI, section 2, Tests on pipe, page 11.)
22. a (App XIV, Groups I and II, and footnote 1, pages 15 and 16; filler metal must 1:)e an all
position, low hydrogen electrode to meet both base metal requirements.)
23. c (App XI, section 2, Tests on pipe, page 11.)
24. e (App XI, section 2, Tests on pipe, page 11.)
25. c (App IV, page 4 for wall thickness of 0.500 inch and App XV, Group III, page 19 and
footnote 4.)

26. d (App XIV, Group II, page 15, for Specification number and E7018; App X, page 10 for F
number.)
.
27. e (Actual measurements are 0.50 inch and 12.7 rnm.)
28. c (Actual measurement is 0.25 inch and 6.3 mm.)
29. b (Area is 0.5 x 0.25 = 0.125 square inches. 8,560/0.125 = 68,480 psi.)
30. b .(The calculated value of 68, 480 psi is less than the required minimum value for A588 of
70,000 psi)
31. b (App II, page 2, note after Position line.)
32. a (App VII, item (7), page 7, weld porosity diameters total less than 3/8 inch (2/32 +3/32 +
2/32 + 3/32 = 10/32 or 5/16)"
.
33. a (Linear porosity is not covered in Part B, but is considered required general knowledge.)
34. d (260 x 26 x 60/6 = 67,600 Joules/inch)
35. e (App VI, item (5), page 6; discontinuity is overlap.)
.36. c (The sample weld's minimum size along its length is actually 1/4 inch. 'Using App VII,
item (8), page 7, the allowable underrun of 1/16 inch permits this weld to meet the
requirements of a 5/16 inch weld.)
37. b (App VII, item (5), page 7, undercut-is greater than 0.01 inch.)
38. d (App XIV, Group II, page 18, under Miniinum Yield Point Strength)
39. c Rejectable crack on convex surface (5/32 in.); Note: 3/16 in. corner crack is acceptable.
40. a Acceptable porosity (2 @ 1/16 in.)
41. c Rejectable because of elongated discontinuities on the convex surface.
42. a Acceptable, no discontinuities.
43. e Bends A and C are rejectable. Welder does not pass qualification test.
44. a Appendix VII, item (8).
45. d Side I has overlap, elongated surface porosity and undercut present.
46. b (App VII, item (7) page 7; discontinuity is porosity which is greater than 3/8 inch.)
Two locations of linear porosity have lengths that fall within one linear inch and their
sum is greater than 3/8 inch.
.

1. a from sample; width is 0.75 inches


2. c from sample; thickness is 0.185 inches (some measure 0.193 inches)
3. b area = 0.75 x 0.185 = 0.13875in2; UTS = 11,030/0.13875 = 79,495.495 or 79,495
(If thickness from #2 was 0.193 inches then area = 0.75 x 0.193 = 0.14475 in2;'
UTS = 11,030/0.14475=76,200
psi)
.
4. a area = 1.000 x 0.120 = 0.12 square inches
5. cUTS
= 13,080/0.12 = 109,000
6.. d (App XI, section I, Tests on plate, page 11, 0/4 inch max.)
7. e (App IV, page 4, for wall thickness of 0.250; App XIII, section 2, Tests on pipe, page 14,
for less than 24 inch diameter, T of 1/8 inch to 2T or 0.50 inch.)
~. a from sample; the 4 porosity pockets measure 4/32, 2/32, 2/32, 2/32 for a total of 10/32 or
5/16 inch, which is less than the 3/8" maximum that Part B permits
9. a from sample; a convex weld of unequal legs; vertical leg is slightly greater than 7/16, and
horizontal leg is 7/16 at left end. Minimum size of weld is 7/16 inch
10. c from sample; a flat weld with equal legs; minimum size of weld is 5/16 inch nar right
end
II. b from sample; the 5 porosity pockets measure 3/32, 2/32, 4/32, 3/32, 2/32 for a total of
14/32 or 7/16, which is more than the 3/8" maximum that Part B permits
i 2. d from sketch; item is being measured with the 32nds scale
13. c 0.762 inches x 25.4 = 19.3548 or 19.35
14. e 18.7 mm x 3.937 x 10,2 = 0.736219 or 0.736 (alternate method 18.7/25.4 = 0.736)
15. d A = 0.762 x 0.736 = 0.560832 or 0.561 in.2 and A = 18.7 x 19.35 = 361.845 mtn2
16. a UTS = 51,550/0.561
= 91,889.483 or 91,889
.
17. b from ske!ch; the 1/4 inch concave gage is correctly used
18. d from sketch; the weld is convex, and a concave gage is being used in error
19. d from sketch; the gage shows the reinforcement being measured is acceptable. The height
of the other face reinforcement has not been determined.