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PROBLEMS IN PHYSICS
MKA1.

Two particles are simultaneously thrown


from roofs of two high buildings, as shown
in figure. Their velocities of projection are
2ms-1 and 14 ms-1 respectively. Horizontal
and vertical separation between points A
and B is 22m and 9 m respectively.
Calculate minimum separation between
the particles in the process of their
motion.

Ans:

6.00 m

MKA 2. A ball of mass m is thrown at an angle of 45 0 to


the horizontal from top of a 65 m high tower
AB as shown in figure. Another identical ball is
thrown with velocity 20 ms-1 horizontally
towards AB from top of a 30 m high tower CD
one second after the projection of first ball.
Both the balls move in same vertical plane. If
they collide in mid air
(i) Calculate distance A.C.
(ii) During collision the two balls get stuck
together, calculate the distance between A
and
the point on the ground, at which the
combined ball strikes. Given g = 10 ms-2.
Ans:

(i) 40 m

(ii) 15 m

MKA 3. Two inclined planes OA and OB having 3 inclination (with horizontal) 300 and 600
respectively, intersect each other at O as
shown in figure. A particle is projected from
point P with velocity u = 10 ms -1 along a direction perpendicular to plane OA. If the
particle strikes plane OB perpendicularly at Q, calculate
(i) velocity with which particle strikes the
plane OB,
(ii) time of flight,
(iii) vertical height h of P from O,
(iv) maximum height from O, attained by
the particle, and
(v) Distance PQ..
Ans:

(i) 10 ms-1
(iii) 5 m
(v) 20 m

(ii) 2 sec.
(iv) 16.25

PHY-PP-2

MKA 4. A particle is moving along a vertical 3 circle of radius R = 20 m with a constant speed
v = 31.4 ms-1 as shown in figure. Straight
line ABC is horizontal and passes through the
centre of the circle. A shell is fired from point A at the instant when particle is at C. If distance
AB is 20m and shell collides with the particle at B, calculate
(i) smallest possible value of the angle of
projection,
(ii) Corresponding velocity u of projection.
( = 3.14 and g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) = 1

(2n 1)2 30o

tan-1
3

(ii)
20
ms-1

MKA 5. A particle is projected from point O on 5 the ground with velocity u = 5 ms -1 at angle
=tan-1 (0.5). It strikes at a point C on a
fixed smooth plane AB having inclination of 37 0
with horizontal. If the particle does not rebound, calculate
(i)
(ii)

Ans:

co ordinates of point C in
reference to co-ordinate system
shown in figure.
maximum height from the
ground to which the particle
rises. (g = 10 ms-2)
(i) (5 m, 1.25 m)
(ii) 4.45 m

MKA 6. Two identical shells are fired from a point on the ground with same muzzle velocity at angles
of elevation = 450 and = tan-1 3 towards top of a cliff, 20 m away from point of firing. If both
the shells reach the top simultaneously, calculate
(i) muzzle velocity,
(ii) height of the cliff, and
(iii) time interval between two firings. If just before striking the top of cliff the two shells
get stuck together, considering elastic collision of combined body with the top,
calculate
(iv) maximum height reached by the combined body.
(i) 20 ms-1
(iii)
(above the ground
Ans:

(iv)

12

(ii) 10 m
m ( 10 2)sec 1.72 sec

MKA 7. A shell of mass m = 700 gm is fired from ground with a velocity 40 ms -1. At highest point of its
trajectory, it collides inelastically with a ball of mass M = 1.3 kg, suspended by a flexible
thread of length 1.40 m. If thread deviates through an angle of 120 0, calculate
(i) angle of projection of shell,
(ii) maximum height of combined body from ground, and
(iii) distance between point of suspension of ball and point of projection of shell.
Ans:

(i) 60

(ii) 62.3625 m

(iii) 92.57 m

MKA 8. A circle of radius R = 2 m is marked on upper surface of a horizontal board, initially at rest. A
particle starts from rest along the circle with a tangential acceleration a = 0.25 ms -2. At the
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PHY-PP-3

same instant board accelerates upwards with acceleration b = 2.5 ms -2. If the co-efficient of
friction between board and particle is = 0.1, what distance with the particle travel on the
board without sliding? (g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

2 6m

MKA 9. Two small particles A 155


C
and
B
having
18

masses m = 0.5 kg
each and charge q1 = and q = ( + 100 C) respectively, are
connected at the ends of a non conducting, flexible and
inextensible string of length r = 0.5 m. Particle A is fixed and B
is whirled along a vertical circle with centre at A. If a vertically
upward electric field of strength E = 1.1 105 NC-1 exists in
the space, calculate minimum velocity of particle B, required at
highest point so that it may just complete the circle.
(g =10 ms-2)
Ans:

61ms-1

MKA 10. A small sphere of mass m = 0.5 kg carrying a positive charge q = 110 C is connected with a
light, flexible and inextensible string of length r = 60 cm and whirled in a vertical circle. If a
vertically upwards electric field of strength E = 10 5 NC-1 exists in the space, calculate
minimum velocity of sphere required at highest point so that it may just complete the circle.
( g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

6 ms-1

MKA 11. A small sphere of mass m = 0.6 kg carrying positive charge q = 80 C is connected with a
light, flexible and inextensible string of length r = 30 cm and whirled in a vertical circle. If a
horizontally rightward electric field of strength E = 10 5 NC-1 exists in the space calculate
minimum velocity of sphere required at highest point so that it may just complete the circle.
( g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

3 ms-1

MKA 12. A particle of mass m = 0.1 kg and having positive charge q = 75 C is suspended from a
point by a thread of length l =10 cm. In the space a uniform horizontal electric field E=10 4 NC-1
exists. The particle is drawn aside so that thread becomes vertical and then it is projected
orizontally with velocity v such that the particle starts to move along a circle with the same
constant speed v.
Calculate radius of the circle and speed v. ( g = 10ms-2)
Ans:

6 cm, 0.75 ms-1

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PHY-PP-4

MKA 13. Two blocks A and B of mass 1 kg and 2 kg respectively are


connected by a string, passing over a light frictionless pulley.
Both the blocks are resting on a horizontal floor and the pulley
is held such that string remains just taut.
At moment t = 0, a force F = 20 t Newton starts acting on the
pulley along vertically upward direction, as shown in figure.
Calculate
(i) velocity of A when B loses contact with the floor,
(ii) height raised by the pulley upto that instant, and
(iii) work done by the force F upto that instant. ( g = 10ms -2)
Ans:

(i) 5 ms-1

(ii) 5/6 m

(iii) 175/6 joule

MKA 14. A uniform flexible chain of length 1.50 m rests on a fixed


smooth sphere of radius R = 2/ m such that one end A of
chain is at top of the sphere while the other end B is hanging
freely. Chain is held stationary by a horizontal thread PA as
shown in figure. Calculate acceleration of chain when the
thread is burnt. ( g = 10ms-2)
Ans:
4
.g 7.58ms 2
3

MKA 15. In the arrangement shown in figure 15. Pulley D and E are small
and frictionless. They do not rotate but threads slip over them
without friction and their masses being 4 kg and 11.25kg
respectively while masses of blocks A, B and C are 2 m, m and
m respectively. When the system is released from rest,
downward accelerations of blocks B and C relative to A are found
to be 5 ms-2 and 3 ms-2 respectively. Calculate
(i) accelerations of blocks B and C, relative to the ground, and
(ii) mass of each block. ( g = 10ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 3 ms-2, 1 ms-2 (Both downwards)

(ii) Mass of A 18 kg
Mass of B = 9 kg
Mass of C = 7 kg

MKA 16. In the arrangement shown in figure. mass of block A,


B and C is 7.5 kg, 6 kg and 1 kg respectively. the pulley
is solid circular disc of mass 0.5 kg, radius 20 cm and
thickness 1 cm. Thread between block A and pulley is
horizontal and that between pulley and block C is
vertical. The pulley is free to rotate about axis O without
friction and thread does not slip over its curved surface.
Neglecting friction between blocks B and C and that
between blocks and the floor, calculate resultant
acceleration of block C when the system is released.
( g = 10ms-2)
Ans:

5 ms2

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PHY-PP-5

MKA 17.In the arrangement shown in figure, pulley are small, light
and frictionless, threads are inextensible and mass of
blocks A, B and C is m 1 = 5 kg, m2 = 4 kg and m3 = 2.5 kg
respectively. co efficient of friction for both the planes is
= 0.50. Calculate acceleration of each block when
system is released from rest. ( g = 10ms-2)
Ans:

a1 = 4 ms-2, a2 = 0, a3 = 2 ms-2

MKA 18. In the arrangement shown in figure mass of blocks A, B and C is 18.5 kg, 8 kg and 1.5 kg
respectively. Bottom surface of A is smooth, while coefficient of friction between B and floor
is 0.2 and that between blocks A and C is 1/3. System is released from rest at t = 0 and
pulleys are light and frictionless. Calculate
(i) acceleration of block C, and
(ii) energy lost due to friction during first 0.2 sec.
(g =
10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i)
(ii)

0.19

10 ms 2

joule

MKA 19. A block resting over a horizontal floor has a symmetric track
ABC, as shown in figure. Mass of the block is M = 3.12 kg. Length
AB = Length BC = 1 m. A block of mass m = 2 kg is put on the
track at A and the system is released from rest. Neglecting friction
and impact at B, calculate period of horizontal oscillations
performed by the block of mass M.
( g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

2 sec.

MKA 20. In the arrangement shown in figure a wedge of mass m3 = 3.45 kg is placed on a smooth
horizontal surface. A small and light pulley is connected on its top edge, as shown. A light,
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PHY-PP-6

flexible thread passes over the pulley. Two blocks having mass m 1 = 1.3 kg and m2 = 1.5 kg
are connected at the ends of the thread. m 1 is on smooth horizontal surface and m 2 rests on
inclined surface of the wedge. Base length of wedge is 2m and inclination is 37 0. m2 is initially
near the top edge of the wedge. If the whole system is released from rest, calculate
(i) velocity of wedge when m2 reaches its bottom,
(ii) velocity of m2 at that instant and tension in the
thread during motion of m 2. All the surface are
smooth.
( g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 2 ms-1 13 ms1, 3.9 newton


(ii)

MKA 21. A small, light pulley is attached with a block C of mass 4 kg is placed on the top horizontal
surface of C. Another lock A of mass 2 kg is hanging from a string, attached with B and
passing over the pulley. Taking g = 10 ms-2 and neglecting friction, calculate acceleration of
each block when the system is released from rest.
If initial height of lower surface of block A is 12.5 cm from bottom of a hole cut in C, calculate
kinetic energy of each block and loss of potential energy of A when it hits the bottom of the
hole.
Ans: Vertical acceleration of A = 6.25 ms -2 (Downward)
Horizontal acceleration of A = 1.25 ms-2 (Rightward)
Acceleration of B = 5.00 ms-2 (Leftward)
Acceleration of C = 1.25 ms-2 (Rightward)
KE of A = 1.625 J,
KE of B = 0.75 J,
KE of C = 0.125 J,
Loss of PE = 2.50 J

MKA 22. A board is fixed to the floor of 2 an elevator such that the board forms
angle = 370 with horizontal
floor of the elevator accelerating
upwards. A block is placed on point A of the board as shown in figure.
When motion with velocity v1 = 4 ms1 is given to the block, it comes to
rest after moving a distance l = 1.6m relative to the board. Its velocity
was v2 = 4 ms1 down the board when it returns to point A. Calculate
acceleration a of elevator and coefficient of friction between the board
and the block. (g = 10 ms2)
Ans: 2.5ms-2, 0.25

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PHY-PP-7

MKA 23. A block B of mass 10 kg is resting over a smooth


horizontal plane. Distance of B from the wall is 40
cm and it is held
at rest by an inextensible thread
BD. Another thread is connected to left face of B and
a block A of mass 2 kg is suspended as shown in
figure. Block C of
mass 2 kg is resting against the
vertical wall. Blocks B and C are hinged at the ends
of a light rigid rod.
Assuming friction to 20 cm is absent, calculate
acceleration of each block when thread BD is burnt.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

Acceleration of A = 3 ms-2()
Acceleration of B = 3 ms-2( )
Acceleration of C = 4 ms-2()

MKA 24. Three identical blocks A, B and C, each of mass m = 7 kg are


connected with each other by light and inextensible strings, as
shown in figure. Strings pass over light and frictionless pulleys
fixed to the edges of trolly of mass M = 21 kg. If coefficient of
friction between blocks and trolly surfaces is = 4/7, calculate
maximum possible value of angle so that block B remains
stationary relative to the trolly. Calculate also, the force F to be
applied horizontally on the trolley.
Calculate also, the force F to be applied horizontally on the trolley.
Ans:

37, 315 newton

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PHY-PP-8

MKA 25. Two blocks of mass m1 and m2 are attached at the ends of an ideal spring of force constant
K and natural length l0. The system rests on a smooth horizontal plane. Blocks having mass
m1 and m2 are pulled apart by applying force F1 and F2 respectively as shown in figure.
Calculate maximum elongation of the spring.
Ans:

2 m1F2 m2F1

K m1 m2

MKA 26.A uniform solid sphere of radius R = 44 cm is cut into two parts
by a plane. Distance of the plane from centre of the sphere is
a = 26.4 cm as shown in figure. Calculate distance of centre of
mass of heavier part from centre O.
Ans:

132
cm
35

MKA 27. A vehicle of mass m starts moving S along a horizontal circle of radius R such that its
speed varies with distances s covered
by the vehicle as v = K, where K is a
constant. Calculate
i) tangential and normal force on vehicle as function of s,
ii) distance s in terms of time t, and
iii) work done by the resultant force in first t seconds after the beginning of motion.
Ans:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

2
1 11 2 2mK
s
K, t42t 2
mKmK
2 84
R

MKA 28. A particle of mass m moves along


a horizontal circle of radius R such that normal acceleration of particle varies with time as an = Kt2,
where K is a constant. Calculate
(i) tangential force on particle at time t,
(ii) total force on particle at time t.
(iii) power developed by total force at time t, and
(iv) average power developed by total force over first t second.
Ans: (i)
(ii) m m
k(RKR
Kt 4 )
(iii)
(iv)
1mKRT
MKA 29. Two identical blocks A and B, each of 2 mKRt mass m = 2 kg are connected to the ends of
and ideal spring having force constant
K = 1000 Nm1. System of these blocks and
spring is placed on a rough force. Coefficient of friction between blocks and floor is = 0.5.
Block B is pressed towards left so that spring gets compressed.
(i) Calculate initial minimum compression x -0 of spring such
that block A leaves contact with the wall when system is
released.
(ii) If initial compression of spring is x = 2 x 0, calculate
velocity of spring is x = 2 x 0, calculate velocity of centre of
mass of the system when block A just leaves contact with the
wall. (g = 10 ms2)
Ans:
1
1.05 ms1
2

(i) 3cm
(ii)
= 0.51 ms-1

MKA 30. An ice cube of size a = 2-0 cm is floating in a tank (base area A = 50 cm x 50 cm) partially
filled with water. Density of water is 1 = 1000 kg m3 and that of ice is 2 -= 900 kgm3.
Calculate increase in gravitational potential energy when ice melts completely.
Ans:

-0.72 J
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PHY-PP-9

MKA 31. A cubical block of wood (density 1 = 500 kg m 3) has side a = 30 cm. It is floating in a
rectangular tank partially filled with water (density 2 = 1000 kg m3 and having base area A =
45 cm x 60 cm. Calculate work done to press the block so that it is just. Immersed in water.
Ans:

6.75 J

MKA 32. A block of mass m is held at rest on a smooth horizontal floor. A light frictionless, small pulley
is fixed at a height of 6 m from the floor. A light inextensible string of length 16 m, connected
with A passes over the pulley and another identical block B is hung from the string. Initial
height of B is 5 m from the floor as shown in figure. When the system is released from rest, B
starts to move vertically downwards and A sides on the floor towards right.
(i) If at an instant string makes an angle with
horizontal, calculate relation between velocity u of
A and v of B,
(ii) Calculate v when B strikes the floor.
(g = 10 ms2)
v

40
41

ms1

Ans:

(i) u =v sec
(ii)

MKA 33. A string with one end fixed on a rigid wall, passing over a fixed frictionless pulley at a distance
of 2 m from the wall, has a point mass M of 2 kg attached to it at a distance of 1 m from the
wall. A mass m of 0.5 kg is attached to the free end. The system is initially held at rest so that
the string is horizontal between wall and pulley and vertical beyond the pulley as shown in
Figure
What will be the speed with which the point mass M will hit
the wall when the system is released? (g = 10 ms2)
Ans:
5x

5 5
ms1 3.39ms 1
6

MKA 34.Two identical buggies each of mass 150 kg move one after the other without friction with
same velocity 4 ms1 . A man of mass m rides the rear buggy. At a certain moment the man
jumps into the front buggy with a velocity v relative to his buggy. As a result of this process
rear buggy stops.
If the sum of kinetic energies of man and front buggy just after collision differs from that just
before collision by 2700 joule, calculate values of m and v.
Ans:

50 kg, 16 ms-1

MKA 35. Two balls of mass m1 = 100 gm and 3 m2 = 300 gm are suspended from point A by
l length l = 32/35 m. Ball of mass m1 is drawn
two equal inextensible threads, each of
2
aside and held at the same level as A
but at a distance from A, as shown in figure.
When ball m1 is released, it collides elastically with the stationary ball of mass m2. Calculate

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PHY-PP-10

(i) velocity u1 with which the ball of mass m1 collides with


the other ball, and
(ii) maximum rise of centre of mass of the ball of mass m2.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 4 ms-1

(ii) 0.20 m

MKA 36. Two identical blocks A and B, each of mass m = 1.5 kg and carrying positive charge q = 30
Care kept stationary on a smooth horizontal floor. When the blocks are released, due to
electrostatic repulsion. A moves towards left while B towards right. After moving 10 cm, A
comes into contact with a mass less spring of force constant K = 6750 Nm 1 while after
moving 10 cm, B collides inelastically with a rigid wall as shown in Figure. Calculate.
(i) velocity of A when it comes in contact with the
spring, and
(ii) maximum compression of the spring.
Ans:

(i) 6 ms-1

(ii) 10 cm

MKA 37. Two small blocks A and B of masses, m1 = 0.5 kg and m2 = 1 kg respectively, each carrying
positive charge of q = 40 Care kept stationary on a smooth horizontal floor. When the blocks
are released, due to electrostatic repulsion, A moves towards left while B towards right. After
moving 40 cm, A comes in contact with a mass less spring of force constant K = 7600 Nm 1
while after moving 20 cm, B collides inelastically with a rigid wall as shown in figure. Calculate
(i) velocity of A when it comes in contact with the
spring and
(ii) maximum compression of the spring.
Ans:

(i) 12 ms-1

(ii) 101 cm

MKA 38. Two identical blocks A and B, each of mass m = 600 gm, each carrying positive charge of
q = 40 Care kept stationary on a smooth horizontal floor, When the blocks are released, due
to electrostatic repulsion, A moves towards left while B towards right. After moving 40 cm, A
comes in contact with a mass less spring of force constant K = 6400 Nm1, while after moving
20cm, B collides inelastically with a rigid wall as shown in figure. Calculate.
(i) velocity of A when it comes in contact with the
spring and
(ii) maximum compression of the spring.
Ans:

(i) 10 ms-1

(ii) 101 cm

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PHY-PP-11

MKA 39. A wooden block of mass 700 gm is suspended by a light rigid rod of length 1 m form A. The
rod is free to rotate in a vertical plane through A, without friction.
A bullet of mass 10 gm is fired from point O on the ground with velocity 100 ms 1 at angel of
elevation . At highest point of its trajectory, it strikes the wooden block. At that instant block
was moving in vertical circle with velocity 7 ms 1and inclination of rod with vertical was 37 as
shown in Fig. The bullet gets embedded into the block and the combined body just completes
vertical circle. Calculate
(i) velocity of the combined body just after collision.
(ii) velocity of bullet just before collision, and
(iii) coordinates of A, in reference to coordinate system as
shown in figure.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 6 ms-1
(iii) (480.6 m, 180.8 m)

(ii) 80 ms-1

MKA 40. A bullet of mass m, moving horizontally with velocity v0 = 3 ms


1
strikes elastically with a body of mass M = 2 m suspended by
two identical threads of length l = 1 m each as shown in Fig.
Calculate.
(i) maximum deflection angle with vertical of thread, and
(ii) period of small oscillations of body M.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans: (i) 37
(ii)
2
sec
10

MKA 41. A body of mass M = 2 m rests on a smooth horizontal


plane. A small block of mass m rests over it at left end A
as shown in Fig. 41. A sharp impulse is applied on the
block, due to which it starts moving to the right with
velocity v0 = 6 ms 1. At highest point of its trajectory,
the block collides with a particle of the same mass m
moving vertically downwards with velocity v =2 ms1
and gets stuck with it. If the combined body lands at the
end point A of body of mass M, calculate length l.
(Neglect Friction).
(g = 10 ms2)
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PHY-PP-12

Ans:

40 cm

MKA 42. In the arrangement shown in Fig. 42, ball and block
have the same mass m = 1 kg each, = 600 and length
l = 2.50 m. Coefficient of friction between block and
floor is 0.5. When the ball is released from the position
shown in the figure, it collides with the block and the
block stops after moving a distance 2.50 m.
Find coefficient of restitution for collision between the
ball and the block.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

MKA 43. A block B of mass m = 0.5 kg is attached with upper end of a


vertical spring of force costant K = 1000 Nm 1 as shown in Fig. 43.
Another identical block A fall from a height h = 49.5 cm on the
block B and gets stuck with it. The combined body starts to
perform vertical oscillations.

Ans:

Calculate amplitude of these oscillations.


5 cm

(g = 10 ms2)

MKA 44.Three identical balls each of mass m = 0.5 kg are


connected with each other as shown in Fig. 43 and
rest over a smooth horizontal table. At moment t = 0,
ball B is imparted a velocity v 0 = 9 ms1. Calculate
velocity of A when it collides with bass C.
Ans:

6 ms-1

MKA 45. Two small particles, each of mass m carrying positive


charge q each are attached to the ends of a non
conducting light thread of length 2 l. A third particle of
mass 2 m is attached at midpoint of the thread. The
whole system is placed on a smooth horizontal floor
and the particle of mass 2 m is given a velocity v as
shown in figure. Calculate minimum distance between
the two charged particles during the process of
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PHY-PP-13

motion.
Ans:

2q2l
40mv 2l q2
MKA 46. A pan of mass m = 1.5 kg and a block of mass M = 3 kg are connected with each other by a
flexible, light and inextensible string, passing over a small, light and frictionless pulley. Initially
the block is resting over a horizontal floor as shown in figure.
At t = 0, an inelastic ball of mass m 0 = 0.5kg collides with the pan
with velocity v0 = 16 ms1 (vertically downwards). Calculate
(i) maximum height, upto which the block rises,
(ii) the time t at which block strikes wit1h the floor,
iii) If the block comes to rest just after striking the floor, calculate
velocity of pan at t = 2 second.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:
(i) 0.64 m
(ii) 1.60 sec
(iii) 0.48 ms-1 (downward)

MKA 47. Two identical blocks A and B each of mass 2 kg are hanging
stationary by a light inextensible flexible string, passing over a light
and frictionless pulley, as shown in Fig. 47. A shell C, of mass 1 kg
moving vertically upwards with velocity 9 ms 1 collides with block B
and gets stuck to it. Calculate
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
Ans:

time after which block B starts moving downwards,


maximum height reached by B, and
loss of mechanical energy up to that instant.

(i) 0.9 second


(iii) 32.4 joule

(ii) 0.81 m

MKA 48. A light flexible thread passes over a small, frictionless pulley. Two
blocks of mass m = 1 kg and M = 3 kg are attached with the thread
as shown in Fig. Heavier block rests on a slab. A shell of mass 1 kg,
moving upwards with velocity 10 ms 1, collides with the hanging block
at time t = 0. Calculate.
(i) maximum height ascended by M when it is jerked into motion, and
(ii) time t at that instant :
(a) If shell gets stuck the hanging block.
(b) If shell collides with the hanging block elastically. (g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

a. (i) 1 m
b. (i) 0.625 m

a. (ii) 2 sec
b. (ii) 2.50 sec.

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PHY-PP-14

MKA 49. In the arrangement shown in Fig. pulleys are light and
frictionless and thread are flexible and inextensible. Mass of
each of the blocks A and B is m = 0.5 kg. Initially B is resting
over a slab and A is hanging.
A shell of equal mass m = 0.5 and moving vertically upwards
with velocity v0 = 12 ms1 strikes the block A and gets
embedded into at t = 0. Calculate.
(i) maximum height ascended by B when it is jerked into motion
and time t at that instant, and
(ii) time t when A strikes the slab. Initial height of block A from
the slab is h = 10 cm.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 1m, 1.65 second

(ii) 1.25 second

MKA 50. A ball of mass m = 1 kg is hung vertically by a thread of


length l = 1.50 m. Upper end of the thread is attached to the
ceiling of a trolley of mass M = 4 kg. initially. Trolley is
stationary and it is free to move along
horizontal
rails
without friction.
A shell of mass m = 1 kg, moving horizontally with velocity
v0 = 6 ms1, collides with the ball and gets stuck with it. As a
result, thread starts to deflect towards right. Calculate its
maximum deflection with the vertical.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

37

MKA 51. A small steel ball A is suspended by an inextensible thread of length l = 1.5
m from O. Another identical ball is thrown vertically downwards such that its
surface remains just in contact with thread during downward motion and
collide elastically with the suspended ball. If the suspended ball just.
Completes vertical circle after collision. Calculate the velocity of the falling
ball just before collision and its distance from O after t = 0.1 second after the
collision.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

12.5 ms-1, 1.302 m

MKA 52. A block A of mass m = 5 kg is attached with a spring having force constant k = 2000 Nm1.
The other end of the spring is fixed to a rough plane, inclined at 37 with horizontal and
having coefficient of friction = 0.25 Block A is gently placed on the plane such that the
spring has no tension. Then block A is released slowly.

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PHY-PP-15

(i) Calculate elongation of the spring when equilibrium


is achieved. Now an inextensible thread is connected
with block A and passed below pulley C and over
pulley D, as shown in figure,. Other end of the thread
is connected with another block B of mass 3 kg. Block
B is resting over a table and thread is loose.If the
table collapses suddenly and B falls freely through
80/9 cm the thread becomes taut, calculate
(ii) combined speed of blocks at that instant, and
(iii) maximum elongation of spring in the process of
motion.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 1 cm
(iii) 6 m

(ii) 0.5 ms-1

MKA 53. A right angled wedge ABC of mass M = 4 kg and base


angel = 53 is resting over a smooth horizontal plane. A
shell of mass m = 0.5 kg moving horizontally with velocity
v0 = 40 ms1, collides with the wedge, just above point A.
As a consequence, wedge starts to move towards left with
velocity v -= 5 ms1. Calculate
(i) heat generated during collision.
(ii) maximum height reached by the shell, and
(iii) distance of point A of wedge from the shell when shell
strikes the plane.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 125 joule


(iii) 30 m

(ii) 45 m

MKA 54. A uniform chain A B of length 2l having mass per unit length is
hanging from ceiling of an elevator by two light, inextensible
threads AA and BB of equal length as shown in figure. Distance
AB is very small. At a certain instant, elevator starts ascending
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PHY-PP-16

Ans:

with constant acceleration a. Two seconds after the beginning of


motion, thread BB is burnt. Assuring that instant to be t = O,
calculate tension in thread AA at time t.
3
l(g a) (ga)2 t 2
4

MKA 55.
A turn table is free to rotate about a fixed vertical axis and has a smooth groove made
on its upper surface along a radius. The table is rotated about the axis with constant angular
velocity and a particle of mass m is gently placed in the groove at distance a from the axis of
rotation. Calculate magnitude of resultant velocity of the particle as a function of its distance x
from axis of rotation. Calculate also, torque required to keep the angular velocity constant.
Ans:

2x 2 a2 ,2m2 x x 2 a 2

MKA 56. A light inextensible string is passed through a hole made in a


smooth horizontal table top. Two masses m 1 = 3 kg and m2 = 6.2
kg are connected at the ends of the strings as shown in Fig. 56.
Initially, m2 is held at rest and m1 is rotated along a horizontal
circle of radius r0 = 20 cm with angular velocity 0 = 18 rad sec1.
Calculate.
(i) acceleration of m2 when it is released from rest, and velocity of
m1 when radius of its circular path becomes 30 cm.
Ans:

(i)
(ii)

1
331
6.76ms
ms
2
23

MKA 57. A uniform solid sphere of mass 1 kg and radius 10 cm is


kept stationary on a rough inclined plane by fixing a highly
dense particle at B. Inclination of plane is 37 with horizontal
and AB is the diameter of the sphere which is parallel to the
plane, as shown in Fig. 57 Calculate.
(i) mass of the particle fixed at B, and
(ii) minimum required coefficient of friction between sphere
and plane to keep sphere in equilibrium.
Ans:

(i) 3 kg

(ii) 0.75

MKA 58. A ball of radius R = 20 cm has mass m = 0.75 kg and moment of inertia (about its diameter)
I = 0.0125 kg m2. The ball rolls without sliding over a rough horizontal floor with velocity v 0 =
10 ms1 towards a smooth vertical wall. If coefficient of restitution between the wall and the
ball is e = 0.7 calculate velocity v of the ball long after the collision.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

2 ms-1

MKA 59. AB is a horizontal diameter of a ball of mass m = 0.4 kg and radius


R = 0.10 m. At time t = 0, a sharp impulse is applied a B at angle of
450 with the horizontal, as shown in figure. So that the ball
immediately starts to move with velocity v0 = 10 ms1.
(i) Calculate the impulse. If coefficient of kinetic friction between the
floor and the ball is = 0.1, calculate,
(ii) velocity of ball when it stops sliding.
(iii) time t at that instant.
(iv) horizontal distance traveled by the ball upto that instant,
(v) angular displacement of the ball about horizontal diameter
perpendicular to AB, upto that instant, and
(vi) energy lost due to friction.
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PHY-PP-17

2 kgms 1 Ans: (i) 4


(ii) Zero
(iii) 10 second
(iv) 50 m(Leftward)
(v) 1250 radians (clockwise)
(vi) 70 joule
MKA 60. A solid ball of diameter d = 11 cm is rotating about its one of the horizontal diameters with
angular velocity 0 = 120 rad/sec. It is released from a height so that it falls h = 1.8 m freely
and then collides with the horizontal floor. Coefficient restitution is e = 5/6 and coefficient of
friction between the ball and the ground is = 0.2. Calculate fraction of energy lost during
collision and the distance between the points where the ball strikes the floor for the first and
second time. ( g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

0.432, 2.2 m

MKA 61. A steel ball of radius R = 20 cm and mass m = 2 kg is rotating about a horizontal diameter
with angular velocity 0 = 50 rad/sec. This rotating ball is dropped on to a rough horizontal
floor and falls freely through a height h = 1.25 m. The coefficient of restitution is e = 1.0 and
coefficient of friction between the ball and the floor is = 0.3. Calculate
(i) distance between points of first and second impact of the ball with the floor, and
(ii) loss of energy due to friction.
Ans:

(i) 3 m

(ii) 38.5 joule

MKA 62. A uniform rod of length l and mass M is suspended on two


vertical inextensible strings as shown in figure. Calculate tension
T in left string at the instant, when right string snaps.
Ans:

Mg
4

MKA 63. A triangular prism of mass M = 1.12 kg having base


angle 370 is placed on a smooth horizontal floor. A
solid cylinder of radius R = 20 cm and mass m = 4
kg is placed over the inclined surface of the prism. If
sufficient friction exists between the cylinder surface
and the prism, so that cylinder does not slip,
calculate also, force of friction existing between the
cylinder and the prism. ( g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

3.75 ms2, 12 newton


Angular acceleration of cylinder = 30 radian/sec 2
(clockwise)

MKA 64. A solid metallic cylinder of mass m = 1 kg and radius


R = 20 cm is free to roll (without sliding) over the
inclined surface of a wooden wedge of mass M = 0.28
kg. Surface of wedge in inclined at 37 0 with the
horizontal and the wedge lies on a smooth horizontal
floor. When the system is released from rest, calculate
(i) acceleration of the wedge,
(ii) angular acceleration of the cylinder, and
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PHY-PP-18

(iii) force of interaction between cylinder and the


wedge.
(g = 10 ms2)
(i) 3.75 ms-2
(ii) 30 rad sec-2
(iii) Normal reaction = 5.75 N
Friction = 3.00 N
Interaction force =
5.752 32 6.49N
Ans:

MKA 65. A uniform rod of mass m = 30 kg and length l =


0.80 m is free to rotate about a horizontal axis O
passing through its centre. A particle P of mass M =
11.2 kg falls vertically through a height h = 36/245 m
and collides elastically with the rod at a distance l/4
from O. At the instant of collision the rod was
stationary and was at angle = 370 with horizontal
as shown in figure. Calculate
(i) angular velocity of the rod just after collision, and
(ii) velocity (direction and magnitude of particle P
after collision.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 3 rad/sec

(ii) 9/7 ms-1


(horizontally rightward)

MKA 66. A homogeneous rod AB of length L and mass M is hinged at the centre O in such a way that
it can rotate freely in the vertical plane. The rod is initially in horizontal position. An insect S of
the same mass M falls vertically with speed V on point C, midway between the points O and
B. Immediately after falling, the insect starts to move towards B such that the rod rotates with
a constant angular velocity .
(i) calculate angular velocity in terms of V
and L,

Ans:

(ii) if insect reaches the end B when the rod


has turned through an angle of 90 0,
calculate v in terms of L.
(i)
(ii)
7 12V
2gL
12 7L

MKA 67. A square frame is formed by four rods, each of length l = 60 cm. Mass of two rods AB and
BC is m = 25/18 kg each while that of rods AD and CD is 2m each. The frame is free to rotate
about a fixed horizontal axis passing through its geometric centre O shown in figure. A spring
is placed on the rod AB at a distance a = 15 cm from B. The spring is held vertical and a block
is placed on upper end of the spring so that rod AB is horizontal.

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PHY-PP-19

(i) Calculate mass M of the block,


(ii) If the spring is initially compressed by connecting a thread
between its ends and energy stored in it is 76.5 joule,
calculate
velocity with which block bounces up when the thread is burnt.
Calculate also maximum angular velocity of frame during its
rotational motion assuming that the block does not collide with the
frame in subsequent motion.
( g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(ii) 7.2 ms-1

(i) 25/9 kg
(iii) 3.53 rad/sec

MKA 68. A heavy plank of mass 102.5 kg is placed over two cylindrical rollers of radii R = 10 cm and
r = 5 cm. Mass of rollers is 40 kg and 20 kg respectively. Plank is pulled towards right by
applying a horizontal force F = 25 N as shown in figure. During first second of motion the
plank gets displaced by 10 cm.
If plank remains horizontal and slipping does not 1take place, calculate magnitude and
direction of force of friction acting between
(i) plank an bigger roller,
(ii) plank and smaller roller,
(iii) bigger roller and floor, and
(iv) smaller roller and floor.
Ans:

(i) 3N
(iii) 1.00 N

(g = 10 ms2)
(ii) 1.50 N
(iv) 0.50 N

MKA 69. A semi circular of radius R = 62.5 cm is cut in a block.


Mass of block, having track, is M = 1 kg and rests over a
smooth horizontal floor. A cylinder of radius r = 10 cm and
mass m = 0.5 kg is hanging by a thread such that axes of
cylinder and track are in same level and surface of
cylinder is in contact with the track as shown in figure.
When the thread is burnt, cylinder starts to move down the
track. Sufficient friction exists between surface of
cylinder and track, so that cylinder does not slip.
Calculate velocity of axis of cylinder
bottom of the track.
Ans:

when it reaches
(g = 10 ms2)

2 ms-1

MKA 70. A trolley initially at rest with a solid cylinder placed on its
bed such that cylinder axis makes angle with direction
of motion of trolley as shown in figure, starts to move
forward with constant acceleration a. If initial distance of
mid point of cylinder axis from rear edge of trolley bed is
d, calculate the distance s which the trolley goes before
the cylinder rolls off the edge of its horizontal bed.
Assume dimensions of cylinder to be very small in
comparison to other dimensions. Neglect slipping.
Calculate also, frictional force acting on the cylinder.
Ans:
3
1
dcos ec 2 ,
ma sin2 9 cos2
2
3

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PHY-PP-20

MKA 71. A uniform circular disc of mass M and radius R is free to rotate
about a vertical axis O passing through its rim. An insect of
mass m is at point A such that line OA is the diameter of the
disc as shown in figure. The insect describes a complete circle
relative to disc and returns to the starting point A. Calculate the
angle moved by the disc relative to the ground.
Ans:

3M
1

3M
8m

MKA 72. A unifo1rm rod AB of mass m = 2 kg and length l = 100


cm is placed on a sharp support O such that AO = a = 40
cm and OB = b = 60 cm. A spring of force constant K =
600 Nm1 is attached to end B as shown in figure. To
keep the rod horizontal, its end A is tied with a thread
such that the spring is elongated by y = 1 cm. Calculate
reaction of support O on the rod when the thread is
burnt.
(g 10 ms2)
Ans:

20 newton

MKA 73. In the system shown in figure, blocks A 26


3 and B have mass m1 = 2 kg and m2 = kg
respectively. Pulley having moment of 7 inertia I = 0.11 kg m2 can rotate with out friction
10 of pulley are a 10 cm and b = 15 cm
about a fixed axis. Inner and outer radii
respectively. B is hanging with the thread wrapped around the pulley, while A lies on a rough
inclined plane. Coefficient of friction being =. Calculate
(i) tension in each thread, and
(ii) acceleration of each block. ( g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) Tension in thread connected with A is 17 N


(ii) Tension in thread connected with B is 26 N
(iii) Acceleration of A = 2 ms-2 (up the plane)
(iv) Acceleration of B = 3 ms-2 (vertically downward)

MKA 74. In the arrangement shown in figure, mass of blocks


A and B is m1 = 0.5 kg and m2 = 10 kg, respectively
and mass of spool is M = 8 kg. Inner and outer radii
of the spool are a = 10 cm and b = 15 cm
respectively. Its moment of inertia about its own axis
is I0 = 0.10 kg m2. If friction be sufficient of prevent
sliding, calculate acceleration of blocks A and B.
( g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

3 ms-2 (upward), 0.5 ms-2 (downward)

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PHY-PP-21

MKA 75. A pulley of radius b = 20 cm is fixed 33 with a shaft of radius a = 10 cm. Moment of
inertia of shaftpulley system is I = kg 800 m2 and the system is free to rotate about axis O
of the shaft without friction. A block B of
mass m2 = 8 kg is resting over and ideal spring
of force constant. K = 2048 Nm 1. Lower end of the spring is fixed to the floor and the spring
is vertical. Thread connected between shaft and block B is just taut.
Another thread is connected between pulley and block A of mass m 1
= 4 kg. Initially this thread is loose. When block A is released, first it
falls freely through a height h = 405/1024 m, then the thread
becomes taut and block B is jerked into motion. Calculate
(i) initial compression of the spring,
(ii) velocity of block B when it is jerked into motion,
(iii) loss of energy during that jerk, and
(iv) maximum elongation of spring (from its natural length) in the
process of motion.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 125/32 cm
(ii) 80 cm sec-1
(iii) joule or 6.82 joule
(iv)
13

873
128
m 10.16cm

128
MKA 76. A wheel of radius R = 10 cm and moment of inertia I = 0.05 kgm2 is rotating about a fixed
horizontal axis O with angular velocity 0 = 10 rad/sec. A uniform rigid rod of mass m = 3 kg
and length l = 50 cm is hinged at one end A such that it can rotate about end A in a vertical
plane. End B of the rod is tied with a thread as shown in figure such that the rod is horizontal
and is just in contact with the surface of rotating wheel. Horizontal distance between axis of
rotation. O of cylinder and A is equal to
a = 30 cm.
If the wheel stops rotating after one second after
the thread has burnt, calculate coefficient of
friction between the rod and the surface of the
wheel.
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

0.2

MKA 77. In the arrangement shown in figure, ABC is a straight, light and rigid rod of length 90 cm.
End A is pivoted so that the rod can rotate freely about it, in vertical plane. A pulley, having
internal and external radii R = 7.5 cm and r = 5 cm is fixed to a shaft of radius 5 cm. The
pulleyshaft system can rotate about a fixed horizontal axis O. B is point of contact of the
pulley and the rod. From free end C of the rod
a mass m2 = 2 kg is suspended by a thread.
Another thread is wound over the shaft and a
block of mass m1 = 4 kg is suspended from it. If
coefficient of friction between the rod and the
pulley surface is
= 0.4 and moment of
inertia of pulleyshaft system about axis O is I
= 0.045 kg m2, calculate acceleration of block
m1, when the system is released. ( g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

1 ms-2

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PHY-PP-22

MKA 78. A uniform rod of length l = 75 cm is hinged t one of its end and is free to rotate in vertical
plane. It is released from rest when the rod is horizontal. When rod becomes vertical, it is
broken at mid point and lower part now moves freely. Calculate distance of the centre of lower
part from hinge, when it again becomes vertical for the first time.
( g = 10 ms2)
Ans: 2.52 m
MKA 79. A man can jump over b = 4 m wide trench on earth. If mean density of an imaginary
planet is twice that of the earth, calculate its maximum possible radius so that he may
escape from it by jumping. Given radius of earth, R e = 6.4 106 m.
Ans:
6.4 km
MKA 80. A thin uniform rod of length 2 a has mass per unit length. Calculate magnitude of
gravitational field strength an potential as a function of distance r from centre of the rod
along the straight line
(i) perpendicular to the rod and passing through the centre,
(ii) coinciding with the rods axis (at points lying outside the rod).
2
2
2
Ans: (i)
(ii)
2Ga2Ga ,G log a r ar a

2 , 22G log e
2 (r 2 a )
r ar

r
r

a
MKA 81. A particle of mass m is placed on centre of curvature
of a fixed, uniform

semicircular ring R and mass M as shown in figure. Calculate


(i) interaction force between the ring and the particle, and
(ii) work required to displace the particle from centre of curvature to
infinity.
Ans:

(i)

2GMm
GMm
RR2

(ii)

MKA 82. A system consists of a thin ring of radius R and a very long uniform wire oriented along axis
of the ring with one of its ends coinciding with the centre of the ring. If mass of ring be M and
mass of wire be per unit length, calculate interaction force between the ring and the wire.
GM
R
MKA 83. Inside a fixed sphere of radius R and uniform density , there is a
spherical cavity of radius R/2 such that surface of the cavity passes
through the centre of the sphere as shown in figure. A particle of mass m
is released from rest at centre B of the cavity. Calculate velocity
with
which particle strikes the centre A of the sphere. Neglect earths gravity.
Ans:

Ans:
2
GR2
3

MKA 84. In a vertical cylindrical vessel of base area A = 80 cm 2 water is filled to a height h = 30 cm. If
density and Bulk Modulus of water be = 1000 kg m3 and B = 2 109 Nm2, calculate elastic
deformation energy of water in the vessel. ( g = 10 ms 2)

2g2 Ah3
=1.8 x10-6 joule
6B
MKA 85. A ring of radius R = 4 m is
Ans:

made of a highly dense material. Mass of the ring is m 1 = 5.4 109 kg. Distributed uniformly
over its circumference. A highly dense particle of mass m 2 = 6 10 8 kg is placed on the axis
of the ring at a distance x0 = 3 m from the centre. Neglecting all other force, S except mutual
gravitational interaction of the two, calculate
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PHY-PP-23

(i) displacement of the ring when particle is closest to it, and


(ii) speed of the particle at this instant.
Ans: (i) 0.3 m
(ii) 18 cm/sec

MKA 86. An artificial satellite of mass m of a planet of mass M, revolves in a circular orbit
whose radius in n times the radius R of the planet. In the process of motion the satellite
experiences a slight resistance due to cosmic dust. Assuming resistance force on
satellite to depend on velocity as F = a. v.2 where a is a constant, calculate how long the
satellite will stay in orbit before it falls onto the planets surface.
Ans:

m R( n 1)

a GM
MKA 87. A satellite is revolving round the 5
1
earth in a circular orbit of radius a

with velocity v0. A particle is projected 4


from the satellite in forward direction
with relative velocity v = v0. Calculate, during subsequent motion of the particle its minimum
and maximum distance from earths centre.
Ans:
5a
a,
3
MKA 88. A solid sphere of mass m = 2 kg and specific gravity s = 0.5 is
held stationary relative to a tank filled with water as shown in
figure. The tank is accelerating vertically upward with acceleration
a = 2 ms2.
(i) Calculate tension in the thread connected between the sphere
and the bottom of the tank.
(ii) If the thread snaps, calculate acceleration of sphere with
respect to the tank. (density of water is = 1000 kg m3)
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans: (i) 24 N

(ii) 12 ms-2 (upward)

MKA 89. Length of a horizontal arm of a U tube is l = 21 cm


and ends of both of the vertical arms are open to
surroundings of pressure 10500 Nm 2. A liquid of
density = 103 kg m3 is poured into the tube such that
liquid just fills horizontal part of the tube. Now, one of
the open ends is sealed and the tube is then rotated
about a vertical axis passing through the other vertical
arm with angular velocity 0 = 10 radian/ sec. If length
of each vertical arm be a = 6 cm, calculate the length of
air column in the sealed arm.
( g = 10 ms2)
Ans: 5 cm

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PHY-PP-24

MKA 90. A cylindrical tank having crosssectional area A = 0.5 m 2 is filled with two liquids of density
1 = 900 kg m3 and 2 = 600 kg m3, to a height h = 60 cm each as shown in figure. A small
hole having area a = 5 cm 2 is made in right vertical wall at a height y = 20 cm from the
bottom. Calculate
(i) velocity of efflux,
(ii)horizontal force F to keep the cylinder in static
equilibrium, if it is placed on a smooth horizontal
plane, and
(iii) minimum and maximum values of F to keep the
cylinder in static equilibrium, if coefficient of friction
between the cylinder and the plane is = 0.01
(g = 10 ms2)
Ans: (i) 4 ms-1
(iii) Zero, 52.2 N

(ii) 7.2 N

MKA 91. Curved surface of a vessel has shape of a truncated cone having semi vertex angle
= 370. Top and bottom radii of the vessel are r1 = 3 cm and r2 = 12 cm respectively and
height is h = 12 cm. The vessel is full of water (density = 1000 kg m3) and is placed on a
smooth horizontal plane in vacuum. Calculate
(i) mass of the liquid in the vessel,
(ii) force on the bottom of the vessel,
(iii) resultant force on curves walls.
A hole having area S = 1.5 cm 2 is made in curved wall near
the bottom. Calculate
(iv) velocity of efflux,
(v) horizontal range of water jet, and
(vi) horizontal force required to keep the vessel in static
equilibrium. Neglect atmospheric pressure.
Ans:

(i) 0.756. kg
(iii) 9.72 N (vertically 24 ms1
upward)
(iv)
(v) 23.04 cm

(ii) 17.28. N

(vi) 0.288 N

MKA 92. A cylindrical tank of base area A has a small orifice of area a at the bottom. At time t = 0, a
tap starts to supply water into the tank at a constant rate Q m 3 s1. Calculate relation between
height h of water in the tank and time t.
Ans:

t=

Q 2gh
Q
loge
2h

MKA 93. A steel rod of length l1 g= 30 cm gand two


identical brass rods of length l2 = 20 cm each,
support a light horizontal platform as shown in
figure. Cross sectional area of each of the three
rods is A = 1 cm2. Calculate stress in each rod
when a vertically downward force
F = 5000
N is applied on the platform.

Given, Youngs modulus of elastically for steel,


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PHY-PP-25

Ys = 2 1011 Nm2.
Youngs modulus of elasticity for brass, Y b = 1
1011 Nm2.
Ans:

In steel, s = 2 x 107 Nm-2


In brass, b = 1.5 x 107 Nm-2

MKA 94.Two vertical wires, one of steel having cross-sectional area


As =2 x 10-6 m2 other of bronze having cross sectional area
Ab = 1x10-6 m2 are suspended from a ceiling as shown in
Fig., horizontal distance between the two being r = 55 cm.
Each wire is l = 150 cm long. A light but horizontal cross
piece connects the lower ends of he wires. Where should a
force F = 1100 N be applied on this cross piece, so that it
remains horizontal after the force is applied.
Given, Youngs modulus of elasticity of steel, Ys = 2 x 1011
Nm-2, Youngs modulus of elasticity of bronze, Yb = 1.5 x 1011
Nm-2.
Ans:

x = 15 cm

MKA 95. Distance between centers of two stars is 10 a. Mass of these stars is M and 16 M and their
radii are a and 2a respectively. A body of Mass m is fired straight form the surface of larger
star directly towards the smaller star. Calculate minimum initial speed of the body so that it
can reach the surface of smaller star. Obtain the expression in terms of G, M and a.
Ans:
45GM
4a
MKA 96. A steel bolt of cross-section area Ab
= 5 x 10-5 m2 is passed through a cylindrical
tube made of aluminium. Cross-sectional area of the tube material is A t = 10 x 10-5 m2 and its
length is
l = 50 cm. The bolt is just taut so that there is no stress in the bolt. Calculate
stress in bolt and tube when temperature of the assembly is increased through = 10C.
Given : Youngs modulus of steel, Yb = 2 x 1011 Nm2
Youngs modulus pf aluminum, Yt = 1 x 1011 Nm2
Coefficient of linear thermal expansion of steel,
b = 1 x 105/C
Coefficient of linear thermal expansion of
aluminum, t = 2 x 105/C.
Ans:

Stress in tube = 5 x 10 6 Nm-2 (compressive)


Stress in bolt = 1 x 10 7 Nm-2 (tensile)

MKA 97. One end of an ideal spring is fixed to a wall at origin O and axis of spring is parallel to x-axis.
A block of mass m = 1 kg is attached to the free end of the spring and it is performing S.H.M
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PHY-PP-26

Equation of position of the block in co-ordinate system shown in Fig. 97 is x = 10 + 3 sin (10t),
when t is in second and x in cm.
(i) Calculate force constant of the spring,
Another identical block, moving towards origin with velocity 0.6 ms -1 collides elastically with
the block performing S.H.M. at t = 0. Calculate
(ii) new amplitude of oscillations.
(iii) equation of position of block performing S.H.M., and
(iv) percentage increase in oscillation energy. Neglect friction.
Ans:

(i) 100 Nm-1


(ii) 6 cm
(iii) x = 10+6 sin(10t+) or x = 106 sin (10t) cm
(iv) 300 %

MKA 98. One end of an ideal spring is fixed to a wall at origin O and axis of spring parallel to x-axis. A
block of mass m = 1 kg is attached to free end of the spring and it is performing S.H.M.
Equation of position of the block in co-ordinate system shown in figure is x = 10 + 3. sin (10.t),
t is in second and x in cm.

Ans:

Another block of mass M = 3 kg, moving towards the origin with velocity 30 cm/sec collides
with the block performing S.H.M. at t = O and gets stuck to it. Calculate.
(i) new amplitude of oscillations,
(ii) new equation for position of the combined
body, and
(iii) loss of energy during collision. Neglect
friction.
(i) 3 cm
(ii) x = 10 + 3. sin (5t + ) or x = 10 3 sin (5t) cm
(iii) 0.135 joule

MKA 99. One end of an ideal spring is fixed with a wall and the other end is fixed with a block of mass
m = 1 kg. Force constant of spring is K = 100 Nm -1 and block is performing S.H.M. with
amplitude 3 cm. When the block is at left extreme position, an other block of mass M = 3 kg,
moving directly toward with velocity 80/3 cm/sec, collides and gets stuck to it.
(i) Calculate angular frequency and amplitude of oscillations of the combined body.
(ii) Assuming that the collision takes place at
t = 0, and right hand direction to be positive
xdirection. Calculate initial phase of
oscillations of the combined body. Neglect
friction.
Ans:

(i) 5 rad /sec, 5 cm


(ii) 217 or 217
rad
180

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PHY-PP-27

MKA 100. Two identical blocks A and B of mass m = 3 kg are attached with ends of an ideal spring
of force constant K = 2000 Nm -1 and rest over a smooth horizontal floor. Another identical
block C moving with velocity V0 = 0.6ms-1as shown in figure strikes of block A and gets
stuck to it. Calculate for subsequent motion
(i) velocity of centre of mass of the system.
(ii) frequency of oscillations of the system,
(iii) oscillation energy of the system, and
(iv) maximum compression of the spring.
Ans:
(i) 0.2 ms-1
(ii)
5 10
H
2
(iii) 0.09 joule
3 10mm

(iv)

MKA 101. Two block A and B of masses m 1 = 3 kg and m2 = 6 kg respectively connected with each
other by a spring of force constant K = 200 Nm -1 as shown in Fig. 101. Blocks are pulled away
from each other by xo = 3 cm and then released. When spring is in its natural length and
blocks are moving towards each other, another block of mass m = 3 kg moving with velocity v 0
= 0.4ms-1 (towards right) collides with A and gets stuck to it. Neglecting friction, calculate
(i) velocities v1 and v2 of the blocks A and B respectively just before collision and their
angular frequency,
(ii) velocity of centre of mass of the system, after collision,
(iii) amplitude of oscillations of combined body, and
(iv) loss of energy during collision.
Ans:

(i) 0.2 ms-1, 0.1 ms-1, 10 rad/sec


(ii) 0.1 ms-1 (towards right)
(iii)
24 cm
(iv) 0.03
joule

MKA 102. In the arrangement shown in pulleys are small and


light and spring are ideal, K1, K2, K3 and K4 are force
constants of the springs. Calculate period of small
vertical oscillations of block of mass m.
Ans:

1 1
1
1


K
K
K
K
1
2
3
4

4 m

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PHY-PP-28

MKA 103. AB and CD are two ideal springs having force


constant K1 and K2respectively. Lower ends of these
springs are attached to the ground so that the
springs remain vertical. A light rod of length 3a is
attached with upper ends B and C of springs. A
particle of mass m is fixed with the rod at a distance
a from end B and in equilibrium, the rod is
horizontal. Calculate period of small vertical
oscillations of the system.
2 m(K1 4K 2 Ans:
3
K1K 2
MKA 104. Fig shows a particle of mass m = 100 gm,
attached with four identical springs, each of length
l = 10 cm. Initial tension in each spring if F 0 = 25
newton. Neglecting gravity, calculate period of
small oscillations of the particle along a line
perpendicular to the plane of the figure.
Ans:

0.02 sec

MKA 105. In the arrangement shown in Fig. 105, body B is a solid cylinder radius R = 10 cm with
mass M = 4 kg. It can rotate without friction about a fixed horizontal axis O, A block A of mass
m = 2 kg suspended by an inextensible thread is wrapped around the cylinder. A horizontal
light spring of force constant K = 100 Nm -1 fixed at one end keeps the system in static
equilibrium. Calculate
(i) initial elongation in the spring, and
(ii) period of small vertical oscillations of the block.
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 20 cm

(ii) 0.4 second

MKA 106. A solid uniform sphere of radius r rolls without sliding along the inner surface of a fixed
spherical shell of radius R and performs small oscillations. Calculate period of these
oscillations.
Ans:
7(R r)
2
5g
MKA 107. One end of each of two identical
springs, natural length 9 cm and force constant K = 45 Nm -1 is attached with a small
particle of mass m = 30 gm. Other end of right spring if fixed with a wall and other end of left
spring is attached with a fixed block having a positive charge q = 1 C as shown in figure.
The particle rests over a smooth horizontal plane and springs are non-deformed.
Calculate deformation of springs when a positive
charge q = 1 C is given to the particle and
equilibrium is attained.
Calculate also, frequency of small longitudinal
oscillations of the particle.
Ans: 1 cm,
30
Hz

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PHY-PP-29

MKA 108. A non-conducting piston of mass m and area S divides a non-conducting, closed cylinder
into two parts as shown in Fig. 108. Piston is connected with left wall of cylinder by a spring of
force constant K. Left part is evacuated and right part contains an ideal gas at pressure P.
Adiabatic constant of the gas is and in equilibrium length of each part is l.
Calculate angular frequency
oscillations of the piston.
PS Kl Ans:

ml

of

small

MKA 109. A rectangular tank having base 15 cm x 20 cm is filled


with water (density = 1000 kg m-3) upto 20 cm height.
One end of an ideal spring of natural length h 0 = 20 cm
and force constant K = 280 Nm-1 is fixed to the bottom of
a tank so that spring, remains vertical. This system is in
an elevator moving downwards with acceleration a = 2
ms-2. A cubical block of side l = 10 cm and mass m = 2
kg is gently placed over the spring and released
gradually, as shown in Fig. 109.
(i) Calculate compression of the spring in equilibrium
position.
(ii) If block is slightly pushed down from equilibrium
position and released, calculate frequency of its vertical
oscillations.
Ans:
(i) 4 cm
5 2
sec 1
(ii)

MKA 110. Both the limbs of a U-tube are vertical. One end of a light spring of
force constant K = 78 Nm -1is fixed with top of left limb and a piston of
mass m = 50 gm is attached with lower end of the spring as shown in
Fig. 110. Cross-sectional area of tube is S = 1 cm 2. Water (density
= 1000 kg ms-3) is poured into right limb till elongation of spring
reduces to a = 6 mm.
(i) Calculate difference h between level of water in right limb and
level of lower face of the piston
(ii) If mass of whole in the tube is M = 150 gm, calculate angular
frequency of small oscillations. (Neglect Atmospheric pressure).
Ans:

(i) 32 mm

(ii) 20 rad/sec

MKA 1* A bus is traveling along a straight road with velocity v = 6.4ms-1. A boy is sitting a distance a
way from line of motion of the bus. He throws a stone with velocity u = 10 ms -1 at the instant
when a glass window of the bus is infront of the him. If the stone strikes this glass window at
highest point of its trajectory and height of the window above the point of projection is H 1.8
m, calculate.
(i) time of flight of the stone,
(ii) distance a, and
(iii) inclination of plane of trajectory of stone with the road. (g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 0.6 second


(iii) 37

(ii) 2.88 m

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PHY-PP-30

MKA 2*. A particle of mass m=1kg is moving 5 along x-axis with constant velocity of magnitude
v0=2 ms-1. When it passes through
origin, it experience a constant force F= Newton
inclined at angle =tan-1 (2) with x-axis so that the particle now moves in negative quadrant of
x-y plane. Neglecting gravity, calculate equation to the trajectory of the particle.
Ans:

4x2 + 4xy + y2 + 16y =0

MKA 3*. In the arrangement shown in Fig., pulleys are light,


small and smooth. Mass of blocks A, B and C is m 1=
14 kg, m2 = 11 kg and M = 52 kg respectively. The
block A can slide freely along a vertical rail, fixed to left
vertical face of block C. Assuming all the surfaces to
be smooth, calculate magnitude of resultant
acceleration of each of the blocks A, B and C.
(g = 10 ms-2)

2ms2 , 10 ms2 ,1ms2 Ans:

MKA 4*. A shell of mass m =1 kg is fired from a point O on the ground with velocity u =6 ms -1 at angle
= 60 with the horizontal. At highest point of trajectory, the shell just comes into contact to a
horizontal plank of mass M = 2 kg which is resting over a horizontal platform as shown in
figure. Coefficient of friction between shell and plank is 2 = 0.5 and that between plank and
platform is 1 = 0.1. In the figure, x-axis is horizontal axis
through O and is in the line of trajectory of the shell and
y-axis is vertical axis through O. Calculate co-ordinates f
the point where the shell finally comes to rest and
displacement of plank upto that instant.
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

[(1 0.9 3 )m,1.35m],0.25m

MKA 5*. A particle is projected form ground with


velocity u = 10 ms -1 at an angle with horizontal.
At highest point of its trajectory, it comes into
contact with lowest point of a vertical circular
track of radius R = 1 m as shown in figure and
it starts to move along inner surface of the
track. Height of lowest point of the track from
ground is h = 3.10 m. Neglecting friction
between particle and the track, calculate
maximum height reached by the particle above
the ground
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

4.892 m

MKA 6*. A rod AB of length a = 90 cm can rotate freely in a horizontal plane about a vertical axis
OO, passing through its one end A as shown in figure, A particle is suspended from other and
rod by a light, inextensible thread of the length l = 50 cm. The thread is capable of with
standing a maximum tension equal to 1.25 times the weight of the particle. If rod starts to
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PHY-PP-31

Ans:

rotate and its angular velocity increases slowly and if height OA is equal to h = 120 cm,
calculate.
(i) speed of the particle when it strikes the
ground, and
(ii) distance of the point at which particle strikes
the ground from foot O of the axis of rotation.
(g = 10 ms-2)
1
(i) 5 ms 120 2 cm
(ii)

MKA 7*. A small block of mass m = 1 kg is attached with one end of a


spring of force constant K = 110 Nm-1. Other end of the spring
is fixed to a rough plane having inclination =sin1(3/5) with the
horizontal and having coefficient of friction = 0.2. The spring
is kept in its natural length by an inextensible thread tied
between its ends as shown in figure. If the thread is burnt,
calculate elongation of spring when the block attains static
equilibrium position.
Ans:
64

11

cm

MKA 8*. A stationary light, smooth pulley can rotate without friction about a
fixed horizontal axis. A light rope passes over the pulley. One end of
the rope supports a ladder with a man and the other end supports a
counterweight of mass M, Mass of the man is m. Initially, centre of
mass of the counterweight is at a height h from that of the man as
shown in Fig. 8*. If the man starts to climb up the ladder slowly,
calculate work done by him to reach his centre of mass level with
that of the counterweight.
Ans:

mMgh
(M m)
r

MKA 9*. A steel ball of mass m is suspended by Vv


an inextensible thread of length l = 1 m: The
0
point of suspension is at height h = 6 m 0 from the ground. The bass is drawn aside and
an impulse is given to it so that it passes through the equilibrium position with velocity= 5ms 1.
Another ball of mass m/2 is projected from the ground with velocity u at angle with
horizontal such that its plane of trajectory passes through the point of suspension and is
normal to .
At highest point of trajectory, second ball collides with the first ball. If at the instant of collision,
first ball was passing through its exactly lowest position and first ball, subsequently,
completes vertical circle, calculate.
(i) maximum possible value of , and
(ii) corresponding value of u. (g = 10 ms2)
Ans:

(i) 53

(ii) 12.5 ms1

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PHY-PP-32

MKA 10*. A ball of mass m = 1 kg is suspended from point O of a toy cart of mass M = 3 kg by an
inextensible thread of length l = 1.5625 m. The ball is first raised to point A and then the ball is
released from rest. Point A is in the same level as O and distance OA is such that the ball falls
freely through a height h = 1.25m as shown in figure, then thread becomes taut. Neglecting
friction, calculate
(i) velocity of cart just after the thread becomes taut, and
(ii) loss of energy when thread becomes taut.
Ans: (i)
(ii)
5350 1

msJ
749

MKA 11*.A wedge of mass M = 3.6 kg and having base angle = 3.7 is resting over a smooth
horizontal surface. A ball of mass m = 1 kg is thrown vertically downwards such that it strikes
the wedge with velocity v0 = 11 ms-1 at height h = 48 cm from base of the wedge as shown in
figure. Coefficient of restitution between ball and wedge is e = 0.5 Assuming all the surfaces
to be smooth, calculate
(i) velocity of wedge just after collision,
(ii) vertical component of velocity of ball just after
collision,
(iii) time of flight of ball from the instant of collision with
wedge to the instant when ball strikes the floor, and
(iv) distance between ball and right edge of the wedge
ball strikes the floor.
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 2 ms1
(iii) 0.2 second

(ii) 1.4 ms1 (downwards)


(iv) 1.20 m

MKA 12*. A uniform rod of length 4l and mass m is free to rotate about a horizontal axis passing
through a point distant l from its one end. When the rod is horizontal, its angular velocity is as
shown figure. Calculate
(i) reaction of axis at this instant,
(ii) acceleration of centre of mass of the rod at this instant,
(iii) reaction of axis and acceleration of centre of mass of the rod when rod becomes vertical
for the first time, and
(iv) minimum value of so that centre of rod can complete circular motion.
Ans:
(iv)

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

3g 7l2 2
4mg
1 (l)

6g
13 7 7 6g
2
2 4g
mg

ml

,
7
7 l

71

MKA 13*. A uniform solid cylinder of mass m = 2 kg and radius R = 10 cm is gently placed on a rough
having inclination = 37 with horizontal and having coefficient of friction = 1/8, such that
axis of the cylinder is normal to line of greatest slope of the plane. Calculate after one second.
(i) Kinetic energy of the cylinder, and
(ii) loss of energy against friction.
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 27 J

(ii) 3 J

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PHY-PP-33

MKA 14*. A solid ball of radius R = 10 cm and mass m = 0.8 kg rolls down, from rest, along a rough
plane inclined at angle = 37 with horizontal. Vertical component of displacement of ball is h 1
= 1.75 m as shown in the figure. Base of inclined plane is at height h 2 = 37 cm
from
the
ground. If coefficient of friction and restitution between the ball and ground are = 0.025 and
e = 0.5 respectively, calculate distance, from O, of the point at which the ball strikes the
ground.
(i) for the first time, and
(ii) for the second time,
Calculate also, loss of energy against
friction during first collision with the
ground. What amount of energy is lost during
first collision with the ground ?
(G = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 46 cm
(ii) 212 cm, 88.5 ml, 4.8885 J

MKA 15*. Two identical balls, each of mass m = 1 kg are attached at ends of an
ideal spring of natural length l0 = 10 cm and having force constant K =
13750 Nm-1. The system is placed on a smooth horizontal table. A
sharp impulse is applied at one of these balls in a direction normal to
axis of the spring. If the impulse is horizontal and is equal to J = 6 N-s,
calculate
(i) energy supplied by the impulse, and
(ii) an expression from maximum elongation x 0 of the spring during
subsequent motion.

x02 4l0 x0 ) 2mKx 0 (l0 2x 0 )2 Ans:

(i) 18 J

(ii) J2(4

MKA 16*. An earth satellite is I revolving in a


circular orbit of radius a with velocity v 0. A gun
0
is in the satellite and is aimed directly
towards the earth. A bullet is fired from the gun
with muzzle velocity . Neglecting 2 resistance offered by cosmic dust, calculate.
(i) minimum and maximum distance of bullet from earth during its subsequent motion, and
(ii) period of revolution.
Ans:

(i)

(ii)

2a
16a
,2a
33 3v 0

MKA 17*. Two cylindrical tanks having crosssectional area A and 2A are kept on a
horizontal floor. First tank is filled with water to a height h while the other is empty . If two tank
are connected by a pipe of cross-sectional area a(a<<A) at the bottom at t = 0, calculate
time t when level of water in two tanks becomes same.
Calculate also, loss of gravitations potential energy during the process
Assume density of water and gravitational acceleration to be uniform and equal to and g
respectively.

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PHY-PP-34

Ans:

2A 2h 1
, Agh2
g is3 a uniform rod of
MKA 18*. In the arrangement shown Fig. 3a
18*, AB
length l = 90 cm and mass M = 2 kg. The rod is free to rotate
about a horizontal axis passing through end A. A thread
passes over a light, smooth and small pulley. One end of the
thread is attached with end B of the rod and the other end
carries a block of mass m = 1 kg. To keep the system in
equilibrium, one end of an ideal spring of force constant K =
7500 Nm-1 is attached with mid point of the rod and the other
end is fixed such that in equilibrium, the spring is vertical and
the rod is horizontal. If in equilibrium, the spring is vertical
and the rod is horizontal. If in equilibrium, part of the thread
between end B and pulley is vertical, calculate frequency of
small oscillations of the system.

15 5
4 Ans:
Hz,
2
405

radian, 759.375
joules

MKA 19*. Figure shows a solid, uniform cylinder of radius R and


mass M, which is free to rotate about a fixed horizontal axis
O and passes through centre of the cylinder. One end of an
ideal spring of force constant K is fixed and the other end is
hinged to the cylinder at A. Distance OA is equal to R/2. An
inextensible thread is wrapped round the cylinder and
passes over a smooth, small pulley. A block of equal mass
M and having cross-sectional area A is suspended from
free end of the thread. The block is partially immersed in a
non-viscous liquid of density .
If in equilibrium, spring is horizontal and line OA is vertical,
calculate frequency of small oscillations of the system.
Ans:

1 (K Apg)
2
6M

MKA 111. A small sphere is charged uniformly and placed at point A (u, v) so that at point B (8,
electric field strength is E = (54i + 72j)NC-1 and potential is +900 volt.
Calculate
(i) magnitude of charge.
(ii) co-ordinates of point A, and
(iii) if di-electric strength of air is 3 x 106 Vm-1, minimum possible radius of the sphere
Ans:

(i) 1 C
(iii)

7)

(ii) (2, -1)


3

3x10 mor 5.48 cm

MKA 112. Two long wires are placed on a smooth horizontal table. Wires have equal but opposite
charges. Magnitude of linear charge density on each wire is .Calculate (for unit length of
wires) work required to increase the separation between the wires from a to 2a.
Ans:

2
loge 2
20

MKA 113. Two long wires have uniform


charge density per unit length each. The wires are non-coplanar and mutually
perpendicular. Shortest distance between them is d. Calculate interaction force between
them.
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PHY-PP-35

Ans:

2
20

MKA 114. Two short electric dipoles having


dipole moment p1 and p2 are placed co-axially
and uni-directionally, at a distance r apart. Calculate nature and magnitude of force between
them.
Ans:

Attraction,

1 6p1p2
.
40 r 4
MKA 115. A small cork ball A of mass m is suspended by a thread of
length l. Another ball B is fixed at a distance l from point of
suspension and distance l/2 from thread when it is vertical, as
shown in Fig. 115. Balls A and B have charge (+q) each. Ball A is
held by an external force such that the thread remains vertical.
When ball A is released from rest, thread deflects through a
maximum angle of = 30, calculate m in terms of other
parameters.
Ans:

q2
(1 2 3 )
.
2
20 gl (2 3 )3 / 2

MKA 116. A positively charged sphere of mass m = 5 kg is attached by a


spring of force constant K = 104 Nm -1. The sphere is tied with a
thread so that spring is in its natural length. Another identical,
negatively charged sphere is fixed with floor, vertically below the
positively charged sphere as shown in figure. If initial separation
between sphere is r0 = 50 cm and magnitude of charge on each
sphere is q = 100C, calculate maximum elongation of spring
when the thread is burnt.
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

10 cm

MKA 117. A non-conducting hollow sphere having inner and outer radii a and b respectively is made
of a material having di-electric constant K and has uniformly distributed charge over its entire
solid volume. Volume density of charge is . Calculate potential at a distance r from its centre
when
(i) r > b,
(ii) r < a,
(iii) a < r < b.
3
3 2
Ans:
(i) V1 =
)
(b3 a3 )
(b b2a a
a3 (b a)

(ii)Vi=

3 0 b
30K 3 0r2 2 2
ab
(iii) V =
(b3 a3 )
b r
a3 (b r)

3 0 b
30K
2
rb
MKA 118. Distance between
centers
of two spheres A and B,
each of radius R is r as shown in Fig. 118. Sphere B has
a spherical cavity of radius R/2 such that distance of
centre of cavity is (r R/2) from the centre of sphere A
and R/2 from the centre of sphere B. Di-electric constant
of material of each sphere is K =1 and material of each
sphere has a uniform charge density per unit volume.
Calculate interaction energy of the two spheres.
Ans:

2R6 (7r 4R)


90r (2r R)

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MKA 119. A non-conducting 106 sphere of radius R = 5 cm has its


enter at origin O of coordinate system, shown in Fig.
119. t has a spherical cavity of radius r = 1 cm, whose
centre is at (0, 3 cm).Solid material of sphere has uniform
positive charge density = coul m-3. Calculate potential at point
P (4 cm, 0).
Ans:

35.16 volt

MKA 120. A solid non-conducting hemisphere of radius R has a uniformly distributed positive charge
of density per unit volume. A negatively charge particle having charge q is transferred from
centre of its base to infinity. Calculate work performed in the process. Di-electric constant of
material of hemisphere is unity.
Ans:
qR2
MKA 121. Two circular rings A and B, each of radius a = 30 cm, are
4
placed coaxially with their axes vertical 0as shown in fugure.
Distance between centres of these rings is h = 40cm. Lower ring
A has a positive charge of 10C while uppering B has an
negative charge of 20 C . A particle of mass m = 100 gm
carrying a positive of q = 10 c is released from rest at the
centre of the ring A.
(i) Calculate initial acceleration of the particle.
(ii) Calculate velocity of particle when it reaches at the centre of
upper ring B.
(g = 10 ms-2)
Ans:

(i) 47.6 ms-2

(ii) 8 ms-1

MKA 122. Two circular rings A and B, each of radius a = 30 cm


are placed coaxially with their axes horizontal in a
uniform electric field E = 105 NC-1 directed vertically
upwards as shown in figure. Distance between centres
of these rings A and B is h = 40 cm. Ring A has a
positive charge q1 = 10C while ring B has a negative
charge of magnitude q2= 20C, A particle of mass m =
100 gm and carrying a positive charge q = 10C is
released from rest at the centre of the ring A. Calculate
its velocity when it has moved a distance of 40 cm.
Ans:

6 2 ms 1

MKA 123. A particle having charge q = 8.85C is placed on the axis of a circular ring of radius R = 30
cm. Distance of the particle from centre of the rings is a = 40 cm. Calculate electrical flux
passing through the ring.
Ans:

1
1

105 NC1 m2
2
2
a

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qa
20

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PHY-PP-37

MKA 124. A non-conducting sphere of radius R x has a positive charge which is distributed over
its volume with density = 0 per unit 1 volume, where x is distance from the centre. If
R
dielectric constant of material of the
sphere id K = 1, calculate energy stored in
surrounding space and total self energy of the sphere.
Ans:
MKA

Ans:

02R5 1302R5
,
720
6300
r
125. Suppose in an v$
insulating
medium,
having dii
electric constant K =1, volume density of positive
charge varies with y-coordinate according to law = a, y.
A particle of mass m having positive charge q is placed in
the medium at point A (0, y0) and projected with velocity
=v0. as shown in figure. Neglecting gravity and frictional
resistance of the medium and assuming electric field
strength to be zero at y = 0, calculate slope of trajectory of
the particle as a function of y.
qa
(y 3 y 30 )
3m0 v 02

MKA 126. Three identically charge, small dx


a

spheres each of mass m are


dx
x
suspended from a common point by
insulated light strings each of length l. The spheres are always on vertices of an equilateral
triangle of length of the side x (<<l).Calculate the rate dq/dt with which charge on each sphere
increases if length of the sides of the equilateral triangle increase slowly according to law .
Ans:

30mga2
l
MKA 127. A particle of mass m having
negative charge a move along an ellipse around a fixed positive charge Q so that its
maximum and minimum distances from fixed charge are equal to r 1 and r2 respectively.
Calculate angular momentum L of this particle.
Ans:

mr1r2 Qq
20 (r1 r2 )

MKA 128. Three concentric, conducting


spherical shells. A, B and C have radii a = 10 cm, b = 20 cm and c = 30 cm respectively. The
innermost shell A is earthed and charged q2 = 4 C and q3 = 3 Care given to shells B and C
respectively. Calculate charge q1 induced on shell A and energy stored in the system.
Ans:

q1 = 3C. Energy = 0.45 J

MKA 129. Each plate of a parallel plate capacitor has area S = 5 x


10-3 m2 and are d = 8.85 mm apart as shown in figure.
Plate A has positive charge q1=10-10 coulomb and plate B
has charge q2 = 2 x 10-10 coulomb. Calculate energy
supplied by a battery of emf E = 10 volt when its positive
terminal is connected with plate A and negative terminal
with plate B.
Ans:

10-9 J

MKA 130. A steady beam of -particles travelling with kinetic energy E = 83. keV carries a current of I
= 0.2 A.

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PHY-PP-38

(i) If this beam strikes a plane surface at an angle = 30 with normal to the surface, how
many -particles strike the surface in t = 4 second ?
(ii) How many -particles are there in length l = 20 cm of the bearn?
(iii) Calculate power of the source used to accelerate these -particles from rest. (Mass of particles = 6.68 x 10-27kg.)
Ans:

(i) 2.5 x 1012


(iii) 8.35 mW.

(ii) 6.25 x 104-

MKA 131. Eight identical resistance r each are connected along edges of a
pyramid having square base ABCD as shown in figure. Calculate
equivalent resistance
(i) between A and D,
(ii) between A and O.
Ans:

(i)

87r
15

(ii)

MKA 132. Fourteen identical resistors, each of resistance r


are connected as shown in figure. Calculate
equivalent resistance between A and E.
Ans:

1.2 r

MKA 133. Calculate equivalent resistance between A


and B of the circuit shown in figure.
Ans:

14

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PHY-PP-39

MKA 134. Calculate equivalent resistance between A and


B of the circuit shown in figure.
Ans:

6.75

MKA 135. Temperature coefficients of resistance of two wires, A and B 1 = 3 x 10-3/C and 2 = 6 x
10-3/C respectively and that of their series combination is s = 5 x 10-3/C. Calculate
temperature coefficient of resistance of a circuit segment consisting of these two wires when
they are connected in parallel.
Ans:

4 x 10-3/C

MKA 136. If a battery of emf 8 volt negligible internal


resistance is connected between terminal P and
Q of the circuit shown in figure, calculate current
through 2.5 resistance and hence calculate
equivalent resistance of the circuit.
Ans:

Zero, 4

MKA137. Nine identical capacitors, each of capacitance


C = 15Fare connected as shown in figure.
Calculate equivalent capacitance between
terminals 1 and 4.
Ans:

11 F

MKA 138. A voltmeter of resistance Rv and an ammeter of resistance RA are connected in series
across a battery of emf E and of negligible internal resistance. When a resistance R is
connected in parallel to voltmeter, reading of ammeter increases to three times while that of
voltmeter reduces to one-third. Calculate R A and Rv in terms of R.
Ans:

RA =

8
R.,R V 8R
3

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PHY-PP-40

MKA 139. In the circuit shown in Fig. 139, R 1, = 2,


R3 = 3, R4 = 2, R5 = 2, E1 = 16V and E2 =
11V. Calculate current through resistance R5.
Ans:

3A

MKA 140. Three batteries having emf E1 = 12 V, E2 = 14 V


and E3 = 2V and internal resistance R 1 = 4, R2 =
8 and R3 = 12 are connected with each other as
shown in figure. Calculate equivalent emf and
internal resistance of the combination.
Ans:

10 volt,

24

11

MKA 141. In the circuit shown in Fig. 141. C1 = 5F, C2 =


2.9F, C3 = 6F, C4 = 3F and C5 = 7 F.
If in steady state potential difference between
points A and B is 11 volt, calculate potential
difference across C5.
Ans:

1.8 volt

MKA 142. Three capacitors C1= 3F, C2 = 6 F ad C3 = F


have equal charge q = 30 C each. C1 and C2 are
connected in series as shown in figure. If C 3 is
connected across the series combination by
connecting A with C and B with D and if resistance of
connecting wires is R = 10, calculate initial current in
the circuit and also heat generated.
Ans:

1 amp, 75 J

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PHY-PP-41

MKA 143. In the circuit shown in figure, emf of each


battery is E = 20 volts and capacitance is C 1 =
5 F, C2 = 3F an C3 = 6F. Calculate charge
on capacitor C3 when switch S is closed and
steady state is reached. Calculate also, heat
generated in the circuit.
Ans:

Zero, 250 J

MKA 144.A parallel plate capacitor is filled by a di-electric whose di-electric constant varies with
potential difference V according to law K = aV, where a = 2volt -1. An air capacitor having same
dimensions charged to a potential difference of V 0 = 28 volt is connected in parallel to the
uncharged capacitor filled with above mentioned di-electric . Calculate ration of charge on
capacitor filled by aforesaid di-electric to charge on air capacitor in steady state.
Ans:

MKA 145. Switch S of circuit shown in Fig. 145 is in position 1 for a


long time. At instant t = 0, it thrown from position 1 to 2.
Calculate thermal power P1(t) and P2(t) generated across
resistance R1 and R2 respectively.
Ans:

E2R1
E2R2
2t /(R2 R2 )C,
.e
.e 2t /(R1 R2 )C
(R1 R 2 )2
(R1 R 2 )2

MKA 146. A capacitor of capacitance C1 = 0.1 F is charged


by a battery of e.m.f. E1 = 100V and internal
resistance r1 = 1 by putting switch S in position 1
as shown in Fig. 146.
(i) Calculate heat generate across R = resistor
during charging of capacitor.
(ii) Now the switch is thrown to position 2 at instant
t = 0, Calculate current I (t) through the circuit,
consisting of capacitor and battery of emf E 2 = 50
volt and internal resistance r2 = 1
(iii) Calculate heat generated in a 50 volt battery during
low of current through this battery.
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PHY-PP-42

Ans:
(i)
1
I e t /10 amp
2
(iii) 1.25 J

495
(ii)

MKA 147.A charged capacitor C1is discharged through a


resistance R by putting switch S in position 1 of
circuit shown in Fig. 147. when discharge current
reduces to I0, the switch is suddenly shifted to
position 2.
Calculate the amount of heat liberated in resistor
R starting from this instant. Calculate also, current
I through the circuit as a function of time.
C C2
1
t Ans:
I02R2 C1C2
RC C
,I I0 e 1 2
2(C1 C2 )

MKA 148. A variable capacitor is adjusted in position of its lowest capacitance C 0 and is connected
with a source of constant voltage V for a long time. Resistance of connecting wires is R. At
t = 0, its capacitance starts to increase so that a constant current I starts to flow through the
circuit. Calculate at time t.
(i) power supplied by the source
(ii) thermal power generated in the connecting wires, and
(iii) rate of increase of electrostatic energy in capacitor,
(iv) What do you infer from above three results?
Ans:

(i) VI
(iii)

(ii) I2R
1
(VI I2R)
2

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PHY-PP-43

MKA 149. In steady state, calculate energy,


stored in capacitors shown in figure. and
the rate which battery supplies energy.
Ans:

80.5 J, 10 W

MKA 150. In the circuit shown in figure, C is a parallel plate


air capacitor having plate f area A = 50 cm 2 each and
a distance d = 1 mm apart R1, R2 and R3 are resistors
having resistance 3 , 2 and 1 respectively. Two
identical sources each of emf V and negligible
internal resistance are connected as shown in figure
If dielectric strength of air is E0 = 3 x 106 Vm-1
calculate maximum safe value of V.
Ans:

8.25 kV

MKA 151. In the circuit shown in figure, R 1 = 1, R2 = 2, C1 = 1F,


C2 = 2F and E = 6V, Calculate charge on each capacitor in
steady state.
Ans:

2C, 12C

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PHY-PP-44

MKA 152. In the circuit shown in figure, emf and


internal resistance of battery are 6 V and 0.5
respectively, Calculate charge on each
capacitor in steady state.
Ans:

0, 2 C, 0

MKA 153.In the circuit shown in figure,


R1 = 8, R2 = 5, C1 = 6F, C2
= F, E1 = 5 V, r1 = 2,
E2
= 24V, r2 = 3, E3 = 14V and r3
= 2 .
Calculate charge on capacitors
C1 and C2 in steady state.
Ans:

10C, 10C

MKA 154. Analyse the circuit, shown in figure in


steady state.

Ans:

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PHY-PP-45

MKA 155. In the circuit shown in figure, E1 = E2 =


100 volt, R1 = 2, R2 = 4, C1 = 6F and
C2 = 3F.
When switch S is closed and electrical
equilibrium is attained, calculate
(i) further energy drawn from batteries
after closing the switch, and
(ii) heat generated in the circuit.
Ans:

(i) From E1 = 0.03 J and from E2 = -0.02 H


(ii) 0.005 J

MKA 156. A two way switch S is used in the


circuit shown in figure First, the
capacitor is charged by putting the
switch in position 1.
Calculate heat generated across each
resistor when switch is in position 2.
Ans:

across 10 - zero
across 4 - 120 J
across 6 - 20 J
across 3 - 40

MKA 157. In the circuit shown in figure, capacitor A has capacitance C 1 = 2F when filled with a
di-electric slab (K = 2). Capacitors B and C are air capacitors and have capacitances C 2 - 3F
and C3 =6F, respectively.
A is charged by closing switch S1 alone.
(i) Calculate energy supplied by battery during process of charging. Switch S 1 is now opened
and S2 is closed.
(ii) Calculate charge on B and energy stored in the system when electrical equilibrium is
attained.
Now, switch S2 is also opened, slab of A is the removed. Another dielectric slab of K = 2,
which can just fill the s1pace in B, is inserted into it and then switch S 2 alone is closed.

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PHY-PP-46

(ii) Calculate by how many times


electric field in B is increased.
Calculate also, loss of energy during
redistribution of charge.
Ans:

(i) 0.0648 J, 1 Energy stored in


capacitor is 2 CV2, but energy
supplied by battery is CV2
(ii) 180C, 0.0162 J
(iii) 0.75, 0.0054 J

MKA

158.Two
square metallic plates of side a = 1
m are kept d = 8.85 mm apart, like a parallel
plate capacitor, in air, in such a way that their
surfaces are normal to oil surface in a tank filled
with that insulating oil (K = 11). The plates are
connected to a battery of emf V = 500 volt as
shown in figure. The plates are then lowered
vertically into the oil at a speed of v = 10 -3 ms-1.
Neglecting resistance of connecting wires,
calculate the current drawn from battery during
the process.
(0 = 8.85 x 10-12 C2 C2N-1 m-2)

Ans:

5 x 10-9 amp

MKA 159. Calculate magnetic induction at point O if


the wire carrying a current I has he shape
shown in
(i) Fig. (A), and
(ii) Fig. (B).

(a)

The radius of the curved part of he wire is


equal to R and linear parts of the wire are very
long.
Ans:

(i)
(ii)

^
I^ I
Io i 0 ^ ( 2)
I k^
o
4R
( 28
1)Ri 0 k
4R
4R

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PHY-PP-47

(B)

MKA 160. Conductor of length l has shape of a semi-cylinder


of radius R (< < l). Cross section of the conductor is
shown if Fig. 160. Thickness of the conductor is t
(<< R) and conductivity of its material varies with
angle only, according to the law = 0 cos . If a
battery of emf V and of negligible internal resistance is
connected across its end faces, calculate magnetic
induction at mid point O of the axis of the semicylinder.
0 0 Vt
4l
MKA 161. Each of two long parallel wires carries a constant current I along the same direction. The
wires are separated by a distance 2/. Calculate maximum magnitude of magnetic induction in
the symmetry plane of this system located between the wires. Calculate also, the maximum
force experienced by unit length of a third wire carrying the same current along the same
direction if third wire is parallel to and in the symmetry plane of other two wires.

Ans:

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PHY-PP-48

Ans:

oI 0I2
,
2l 2l

MKA 162. A non-conducting thin spherical


shell of radius R has uniform surface charge density . The shell rotates about a diameter
with constant angular velocity Calculate magnetic induction B at the centre of the shell.
Ans:

2
0 R
3

MKA 163.A square loop of side a = 6 cm.


7 carries a current I = 30 amp. Calculate
magneticinduction B at point P,
lying on axis of the loop and at a distance x =
cm
from centre of the loop.
Ans:

27 x 10-4 tesla

MKA 164. A long straight wire is coplanar with a current carrying


circular loop of radius R as shown in figure. Current flowing
through wire and the loop is I0 and I respectively. If distance
between centre of loop and wire is r = 2 R, calculate force of
attraction between the wire and the loop.
Ans:

2 3

0II0

MKA 165. System shown in Fig. consists of two large


parallel metallic plates carrying current in opposite
directions. Current density in each plate is j per unit
width. Calculate
(i) magnetic induction in space between the plates,
and
(ii) force acting per unit area of each plate.
Ans:

1
0 .j, 0 .j2
2

MKA 166. A positively charged particle having 40


charge q1 = 1 coulomb and mass m1 = 40 gm, is
revolving along a circle of radius R = 40 40 cm with velocity v1= 5ms1in a uniform magnetic

field with centre of circle at origin O of a


three dimensional system. At t = 0, the particle
was at (0, 0.4m, 0) and velocity was directed along positive x-direction. Another particle
having charge q2 =1 coulomb and mass m 2 = 10g moving uniformly parallel to positive zdirection with velocity v2 = second1. Collid with the revolving particle at t=0 and gets stuck to
it. Neglecting gravitational force and coulomb force, calculate x, y and z co-ordinates of the
combined paticle at t = second.
Ans: (0.2 m, 0.2 m, 0.2 m)
MKA 167. An electron accelerated by a potential difference V =3 volt first enters into a uniform electric
field of a parallel-plate capacitor whose plates extend over a length l = 6 cm in the direction of
initial velocity. The electric field is normal to the direction of initial velocity and its strength
varies with times as E = t where , = 3600 Vm1 s1. Then the magnetic field is same as that
of the electric field. Calculate pitch of helical path traced by the electron in the magnetic field.
(Mass of electron, m = 9 x 1031 kg.)
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Ans:

ml2
1.215cm
2eBV

MKA 168. A constant current I flows


through a cable consisting of two thin co-axial metallic
(i) energy stored in it per unit length, and
(ii) inductance per unit length.
Ans:

(i)

(ii)

cylinders of radii R and 2R. Calculate

00I2
log
logee22
2
4

MKA 169. A coil of radius R carries current I.


Another concentric coil of radius r(r<<R) carries current i. Planes of two coils are mutually
perpendicular and both the coils are free to
rotate about common diameter. Find maximum
kinetic energy of smaller coil when both the
coils are released, masses of coils are M and m
respectively.
Ans:

0 liMRr 2
2(MR2 mr 2 )

MKA 170. Calculate the inductance of a closely wound solenoid of length I whose winding is
made of copper wire of mass m. The winding resistance is equal to R. The solenoid
diameter is considerably less than its length.
Given, density of copper = d and resistivity =
Ans:
0mR
MKA 171. A solenoid of inductance L and resistance
4ldr is connected
in parallel to a resistance R.A battery of emf E and of
negligible internal resistance is connected across this
parallel combination in Fig. At time t = 0, switch S is
opened. Calculate.
(i) current I(t) through the solenoid after the switch is
opened, and
(ii) amount of heat generated in the solenoid.
Ans:

(i)
(ii)

E E 2LR r
.e
r 2r(r R)L

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MKA 172. In the circuit shown in figure, switch S is closed at


time t = 0, Calculate current i 1 and i2 through
inductances L1 and L2 respectively at time t.
Ans:

Rt (L1 L 2 )

EL 2
1 e L1L2
i1
Rt (L1 L 2 )
(L1 L 2 )R

EL1

i2
1 e L1L 2

(L1 L2 )R

MKA 173. In closed circuit shown in Fig. 173, AB, BC and CD


are straight conductors, each of length R and DEA is a
semi circle of radius R.
A small circular dI
loop of radius r is coplanar
centre of loop coincides
with the circuit and
dt
with
centre
of
curvature of the semicircle.
If current through the circuit increases at a constant
rate,
calculate emf induced in the loop.
Ans:

( 2 3 )0 r 2
4R

MKA 174. A stationary circular loop of radius a is located in a magnetic field which varies with time
from t = 0 to t = T according law B = B 0 .t(T t). If plane of loop is normal to the direction of
field and resistance of the loop is R, calculate
(i) amount of heat generated in the loop during this interval, and
(ii) magnitude of charge flown through the loop from instant t = 0 to the instant when current
reverses its direction.
Neglect self inductance of the loop.
Ans:

(i)

(ii) 2aa24BB2TT23
00

3R
4R
MKA 175. A plane spiral coil is made on a
thin insulated wire and has N = 100 turns. Radii of inside and outside turns are a = 10 cm and
b = 20 cm respectively. A magnetic field normal to the plane of spiral exists in the space. The
magnetic field increases at a constant rate = 0.3 tesla/second. Calculate potential difference
between the ends of he spiral
Ans:

1
N(a2 ab) 2.2 volt
3

MKA 176.Two long parallel conducting horizontal rails are


connected by a conducting wire at one end. A uniform
magnetic field B (directed vertically downwards) exists in
the region of space. A light uniform ring of diameter d
which is practically equal to separation between the rails,
is placed over the rails as shown in figure. If resistance
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of ring be per unit length, calculate force required to


pull the ring with uniform velocity v.
Ans:

4B2 vd
a is made from a wire having resistance per unit length. The ring is
MKA 177. circular ring of radius
mounted on a car such that ring remains vertical. The car moves along a horizontal circle of
radius R and completes n revolutions per minute. If horizontal component of earths magnetic
field be H, calculate average rate at which heat is produced in the ring.
Ans:

3 a3H2n2
Js1
3600

MKA 178.A rod of length 2a if free to rotate in a vertical


plane, about a horizontal axis O passing through its mid
point. A long straight, horizontal wire is in the same
plane and is carrying a constant current I as shown in
figure. At initial moment of time, the rod is horizontal
and starts to rotate with constant angular velocity ,
calculate emf induced in the rod as a function of time.

b a sin t Ans:

b a sin t

0I

2a sin t blog

2 sin2 t

MKA 179. A metal rod AB of length l rotates with a constant angular velocity
about an axis
passing through O and normal to its length. Calculate potential difference ends A and B if
(i) external magnetic field is absent;
(ii) an external uniform magnetic field of induction B
directed parallel to the axis of rotation exists in the
space.
Ans:

(i)

2 2
11ml
B l2
44 e

(ii)

MKA 180. A long straight conductor carries a current I0. At


distances a and (a + b) from it, there are two
identical wires, each having resistance per unit
length, which are interconnected by a resistance
R as shown in figure. A conducting rod AB of length
b can slide along the wires without friction. At t = 0,
the rod is in extreme left position and starts to
move to the right with without friction. At t = 0, the
rod is in extreme left position and starts to move to
the right with constant velocity v, Calculate force F
required to maintain velocity of the rod constant as
function of time t. Neglect self induction of the
circuit.
Ans:

02 I02 v

a b
log

2
4 (R 2vt)
a

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Regd. Off: 29A, ICES House, Kalu Sarai, Sarvapriya Vihar, New Delhi - 16, Ph : 26515949 , 26865182, 26854102, Fax: 26513942