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TEKHNIK

RADIOGRAFI
SKULL/KEPALA
PROYEKSI RUTIN :
(cranium)
AP
1
LAT

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AP AXIAL FORAMEN MAGNUM (TOWNES 30,45,55
CAUDAL)
CALDWELL PA
HAAS POSITION
(SCHULLER)SMV(SUBMENTOVERTICAL)/VSM(VER
TICO SUBMENTAL)FULL BASAL

CR= TEGAK LURUS/OML


CP = GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

A
P

AP

CR= TEGAK LURUS/IOML


CP = 2CM KE DPN 2 CM KE ATAS CELEVEL CELLA
TURCICA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

LATERA
L

Coronal suture

Orbital roof
Sella turcica
Sphenoidal
sinus
Petrous portion of
temporal bone

Temporomandibula
r joint
External acoustic
meatus

LATERAL

CR= 30,45,55 CAUDAL/OML


CP = 8 CM DI ATAS GLABELLA/3 INCI
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

AP TOWNES/GRASHEY

55

45

AP TOWNES/GRASHEY
30

CR= 15 CAUDAL/ OML


CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

CALDWELL PA

CALDWELL PA
Frontal
sinus
Crista galli
Superior
Orbital margin
Superior

orbital
fissure
Ethmoidal
sinus

CR= 25 CRANIAL/OML
CP = DI ARAHKAN MENEMBUS 2 INCI DIATAS
NASION
FFD=100-150 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

HAAS POSITION

HAAS POSITION

Occipital bone
Foramen magnum
Petrous ridge
Posterior clinoid
process

Dorsum sellae

CR= TEGAK LURUS/SEARAH


CP = MENEMBUS VERTEX CRANIUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

FULL BASAL/SMV/BASIS CRAN

Maxillary sinus
Ethmoidal air
cells
Mandible
Sphenoidal sinus
Foramen
splnosum
Mandibular
condyle
Dens (odontoid
process)
Petrosa
Mastoid process

FULL
BASAL/SMV/BASIS

CR= TEGAK LURUS


CP = MID VERTEX CRANIUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

SCHULLER
POSITION
FULL
BASAL/SMV

Frontal bone and


mandible

Maxillary
sinus
Ethmoidal air
cells
Vomer
Sphenoidal
sinus
Pharynx
Foramen
splnosum
Mandibular
Condyle

Mastoid air

SCHULLER
POSITION

TEKHNIK
RADIOGRAFI
SELLA TURCICA

PROYEKSI RUTIN :
LAT

PROYEKSI
KHUSUS :
AP AXIAL
PA AXIAL

CR = TEGAK LURUS/IPL
CP = 2 INCI KE DEPAN DAN 2 INCI KE ATAS DARI
MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

LATERAL
CELLA TURCICA

LATERAL
CELLA TURCICA

Anterior
clinoid
Posterior
clinoid
Dorsum
sellae
Sella turcica
Sphenoidal
sinus

CR= 37 CAUDAL/IOML

CP
=
MENEMBUS
SELLA
TURCICA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

AP AXIAL
SELLA TURCICA

AP AXIAL
SELLA TURCICA

Occipital
bone
Foramen
magnum

Petrous ridge
Posterior
clinoid

Dorsum
sellae

CR= TEGAK LURUS/OML


CP =MENEMBUS GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

PA AXIAL
SELLA TURCICA

Dorsum
sellae
Posterior
clinoid
Anterior
clinoid
Petrous
ridge
Supraorbital
ridge
Ethmoidal
sinus

PA AXIAL
SELLA TURCICA

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPORAL BONE
(MASTOID AIR CELL)

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AXIOLATERAL(HENSCHEN,SCHULLER,LYSHOLM)
AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ( LAW VIEW)DOUBLE TUBE
ANGULATION AND
SINGLE TUBE ANGULATION

CR= 15 CAUDAL/IPL
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER
=
KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

HENSCHEN VIEW

HENSCHEN VIEW

CR= 25 CAUDAL/AML
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

SCHULLER VIEW

SCHULLER VIEW
Mastoid antrum
Internal and
external
acoustic
meatuses
Petrous portion
Mastoid process

Mandibular
condyle

CR= 35 CAUDAL/IPL
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm

MAKER
=
KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

LYSHOLM VIEW

LYSHOLM VIEW

CR= 15 CAUDAL/15 LM
CP = MENEMBUS 2 INCI KE BELAKANG DAN 2 INCI KE ATAS DARI
MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

LAWS POSITION
(SINGLE TUBE )

LAWS POSITION
Auricle (taped
forward)
Mastoid antrum
Mastoid air cells
Superimposed
internal and
external acoustic
meatuses

Mandibular condyle
Mastoid process

CR= 15 CAUDAL/IOML
CP = MENEMBUS 2 INCI KE BELAKANG DAN 2 INCI KE ATAS DARI
MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

LAWS VIEW AXIOLATERAL


(SINGLE TUBE )

LAWS VIEW AXIOLATERAL


(SINGLE TUBE )

Auricle (taped
forward)

Internal and
external
acoustic
meatuses
Mastoid air celis

Mastoid process
Mandibular
condyle

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPORAL BONE
(OS PETROSUM)

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AXIOLATERAL (STENVERS VIEW)
ARCELIN METHOD
MAYERS VIEWS

CR= 12 CRANIAL/ IOML


CP = ANTARA MAE DAN POE(PROTUBRANCIA OCCIPITO EXTERNA)
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

STENVERS VIEWS

Internal acoustic
canal
Arcuate
eminence
Mastoid air cells

External acoustic
meatus and
canal
Mandibular
condyle

STENVERS VIEWS

CR= 10 CAUDAL/IOML
CP = MENEMBUS ANTARA MAE DAN POE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

ARCELIN METHOD

Internal
acoustic
canal
Petrous ridge
Mastoid
antrum
External
acoustic
meatus and
canal
Mandibular
condyle
Mastoid
process

ARCELIN METHOD

CR= 45 CAUDAL/IOML
CP = MENEMBUS MAE
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

MAYERS VIEW

MAYERS VIEW

Mastoid air
cells
Mastoid antrum
External acoustic
canal

Labyrinth
Mandibular
condyle

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPORAL BONES
(PROCESSUS STYLOIDEUS)

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
CAHOON POSITION

CR= 25 CRANIAL/ OML


CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

CAHOON POSITION

Coronoid
process

CAHOON POSITION

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
FORAMINA JUGULAR

6
PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
SUBMENTOVERTICAL AXIAL PROJECTION
KEMP HARPER METHOD ERASO
ERASO MODIFICATION OF KEMP HARPER
METHOD
-

CR = 20 CAUDAL/IOML
CP = 1 INCI DIBAWAH UJUNG DAGU
FFD = 90-100 CM
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

SMV/KEMP HARPER METHOD


ERASO

Coronoid
process

Mandibu
lar angle

Dens
(odontoid
process)

SMV/KEMP HARPER METHOD ERASO

CR = TEGAK LURUS/OML 25
CP = 2 INCI DIBAWAH UJUNG DAGU
FFD = 90-100 CM
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

Eraso modification of Kemp


Harper method.

Eraso modification of Kemp


Harper method.

Mandibul
ar angle

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
TEMPOR MANDIBULAR
JOINT

PROYEKSI KHUSUS :
AXIOLATERAL OPEN MOOTH AND
CLOSE MOOTH
AP AXIAL OPEN MOOTH DAN
CLOSE MOOTH

CR= 30 CAUDAL/IPL
CP =MENEMBUS TMJ
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/KI/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

TMJ
CLOSE MOOTH

TMJ
OPEN MOOTH

TMJ
CLOSE MOOTH

TMJ
OPEN MOOTH

CR= 35 CAUDAL/OML
CP =3 INCI DI ATAS
NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
OPEN/CLOSE MOOTH

MAKER
=
KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

AP AXIAL TMJ

AP AXIAL TMJ
CLOSE MOOTH

Condy
le

Ramu
s

AP AXIAL TMJ
OPEN MOOTH

Condy
le

Ramu
s

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
FACIAL BONES/SINUS
PARANASALIS

PROYEKSI RUTIN :

PA CALDWELL 15
WATERS PA
LAT
REVERSE WATERS AP

CR= 15 CAUDAL/OML
CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

PA
CALDWELL

PA Caldwel

CR= TEGAK LURUS


CP = MENEMBUS ACANTION/37
EXTENSIO
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

PA
WATERS

(Waters)
View

CR= TEGAK LURUS/IPL


CP = MID OS SIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

LATERAL
FACIAL BONE

LATERAL
FACIAL BONE

CR= TEGAK LURUS/SEARAH


MML
CP = ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

REVERSE WATERS METHOD

CR= SEARAH MML


CP = ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

EVERSE WATERS METHOD

REVERSE WATERS METHOD

TEKHNIK
RADIOGRAFI
NASAL
4
PROYEKSI :
LATERAL
AP TANGENSIAL

CR= TEGAK LURUS/IOML


CP = MID NASAL
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

LATERAL
NASAL

LATERAL
NASAL

CR= MID NASAL


CP = MID NASAL
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

PA/TANGENSIAL
NASAL

PA/TANGENSIAL
NASAL

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
OS
MANDIBULA/MAXILLA
PROYEKSI :

PA AXIAL(MAXILLARIS)
PA AXIAL(MANDIBULA)
LATERAL MAXILLA/MANDIBULA
PA EISLER VIEW(RAMUS,BODY AND
SYMPHISIS)

CR= TEGAK LURUS/OML

CP
=
MID
MANDIBULA/ACHANTION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

PA
OS MAXILLA

PA
OS MAXILLA

CR= TEGAK LURUS/AML

CP
=
MENEMBUS
MID
MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

PA/OS MANDIBULA

PA
OS MANDIBULA

CR= TEGAK LURUS


CP = MID MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

LATERAL
MANDIBULA/MAXILLA

LATERAL

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
RAMUS MANDIBULA

4
PROYEKSI :
AXIOLATERAL OBLIQ (EISLER VIEW)

CR= 25, CRANIAL


CP = RAMUS MANDIBULA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

EISLER VIEW

EISLER VIEW

TEKHNIK RADIOGRAFI
FORAMEN
OPTICUM/FISSURA ORBITA

PROYEKSI RUTIN :
CALDWELL PA

PROYEKSI TAMBAHAN :
AP/PA (RHESE METHOD)
FOS
FOI

CR= 15 CAUDAL/ OML


CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

CALDWELL PA

CALDWELL PA

CR= TEGAK LURUS/AML/OBLIK 53


CP = DIARAHKAN PADA LOQ
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

PA
RHESE METHOD

PA
RHESE METHOD

CR= TEGAK LURUS


CP = LOQ/AML/OBLIK 53
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

AP
RHESE METHOD

AP
RHESE METHOD

CR= 20- 25 CRANIAL


CP = MENEMBUS NASION
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK

GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

PA FOI
(BERTEL METHOD)

PA FOI
(BERTEL METHOD)

PROYEKSI= PA FOS
CR= 20 - 25 CAUDAL/OML
CP = MENEMBUS BATAS BAWAH ORBITA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

PA/FOS

PA/FOS

CR= TEGAK LURUS /IOML


CP = OUTHER CANTUS
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

LATERAL

LATERAL

TEKHNIK
RADIOGRAFI
ARCUS
4
PROYEKSI
:
ZYGOMATICUM
AP AXIAL
AP TANGENSIAL
PA TANGENSIAL(MAY
POSITION)
SMV OS ZIGOMATICUM

CR= 30 CAUDAL/OML
CP = GLABELLA
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

AP AXIAL

AP AXIAL

AP AXIAL

CR= SEARAH MID ZIGOMATICUM


CP = MID ZIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

TANGENSIAL

TANGENSIAL

CR=SEARAHMID ZIGOMATICUM
CP = MID ZIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/DIBALIK
GRID LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM 24X30

PA/TANGENSIAL
(MAY METHOD)

PA/TANGENSIAL
(MAY METHOD)


CR=SEARAHMID
ZIGOMATICUM
CP = MID ZIGOMATICUM
FFD=90-100 Cm
MAKER = KA/BWH/NORMAL
GRID
LYSOLM/BUCKY/FILM
24X30

AP/SMV

AP/SMV