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Geometrical Figures in Permutations and Combinations

In this chapter, we will be dealing with the formulas related to permutations and combinations involving
geometrical figures.

Number of triangles formed by joining the angular points of a polygon


The number of triangles that can be formed by joining the angular points of a polygon of n sides as
vertices are

n(n1)(n2)/6

Number of quadrilaterals formed by joining the vertices of a polygon


The number of quadrilaterals that can be formed by joining the vertices of a polygon of n sides are

n(n1)(n2)(n3)/24

where n>3

Number of triangles formed by joining n points out of which m points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which m points are collinear. The number of triangles that
can be formed by joining these n points as vertices are
n

C3 - mC3

Number of triangles formed by joining n points out of which no three points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which no three points are collinear. The number of triangles
that can be formed by joining these n points are

n(n1)(n2)/6

Number of straight lines formed by joining n points out of which m points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which m points are collinear. The number of straight lines
that can be formed by joining these n points are
n

C2 - mC2 + 1

Number of straight lines formed by joining n points out of which no points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which no points are collinear. The number of straight lines
that can be formed by joining these n points are

n(n1)/2

Number of rectangles formed by using horizontal lines and vertical lines

The number of rectangles that can be formed by using m horizontal lines and n vertical lines are
m

C2 nC2

Number of diagonals formed by joining the vertices of a polygon


The number of diagonals that can be formed by joining the vertices of a polygon of n sides are

n(n3)/2
Source: http://www.careerbless.com/aptitude/qa/permutations_combinations_imp5.php