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# Geometrical Figures in Permutations and Combinations

In this chapter, we will be dealing with the formulas related to permutations and combinations involving
geometrical figures.

## Number of triangles formed by joining the angular points of a polygon

The number of triangles that can be formed by joining the angular points of a polygon of n sides as
vertices are

n(n1)(n2)/6

## Number of quadrilaterals formed by joining the vertices of a polygon

The number of quadrilaterals that can be formed by joining the vertices of a polygon of n sides are

n(n1)(n2)(n3)/24

where n>3

Number of triangles formed by joining n points out of which m points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which m points are collinear. The number of triangles that
can be formed by joining these n points as vertices are
n

C3 - mC3

Number of triangles formed by joining n points out of which no three points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which no three points are collinear. The number of triangles
that can be formed by joining these n points are

n(n1)(n2)/6

Number of straight lines formed by joining n points out of which m points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which m points are collinear. The number of straight lines
that can be formed by joining these n points are
n

C2 - mC2 + 1

Number of straight lines formed by joining n points out of which no points are collinear
Consider there be n points in a plane out of which no points are collinear. The number of straight lines
that can be formed by joining these n points are

n(n1)/2

## Number of rectangles formed by using horizontal lines and vertical lines

The number of rectangles that can be formed by using m horizontal lines and n vertical lines are
m

C2 nC2

## Number of diagonals formed by joining the vertices of a polygon

The number of diagonals that can be formed by joining the vertices of a polygon of n sides are

n(n3)/2
Source: http://www.careerbless.com/aptitude/qa/permutations_combinations_imp5.php