Anda di halaman 1dari 6

LEMBAR KERJA SISWA

PENURUNAN TITIK BEKU

Hari, Tanggal

Waktu

: 30 menit

KELOMPOK :

Nama

: .........................

Kelas

: .........................

A. Indikator
1. Menjelaskan prosedur percobaan penurunan titik beku elektrolit dan non
elektrolit
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Menghitung selisih Titik Beku Air dengan Titik Beku Larutan ( Tf ) dan molalitas larutan

Menjelaskan pengaruh penambahan zat terlarut tehadap penurunan titik beku


Menjelaskan pengaruh larutan elektrolit dengan non elektrolit terhadap titik beku
larutan dan penurunan titik beku larutan
Menjelaskan penyebab adanya penurunan titik beku pada larutan
Menyimpulkan hasil diskusi mengenai penurunan titik beku larutan elektrolit dan
non elektrolit

B. Tujuan Pembelajaran
1. Siswa dapat menjelaskan prosedur percobaan penurunan titik beku elektrolit dan
2.

non elektrolit
Siswa dapat menghitung selisih Titik Beku Air dengan Titik Beku Larutan ( Tf ) dan

3.

molalitas larutan
Siswa dapat menjelaskan pengaruh penambahan zat terlarut tehadap penurunan

4.

titik beku
Siswa dapat

5.
6.

terhadap titik beku larutan dan penurunan titik beku larutan


Siswa dapat menjelaskan penyebab adanya penurunan titik beku pada larutan
Siswa dapat menyimpulkan hasil diskusi mengenai penurunan titik beku larutan

menjelaskan pengaruh larutan elektrolit dengan non elektrolit

elektrolit dan non elektrolit

Berdasarkan video percobaan


penurunan titik beku yang telah anda
amati, berikan jawaban untuk
beberapa pertanyaan berikut.

1. Bagaimana prosedur percobaan penurunan titik beku elektrolit dan non elektrolit?

Jawab

...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................

2.

................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................
...............................
...............................
Isilah
tabel berikut ini !

N
o.
1.
2.
3.

Selisih Titik Beku Air

Larutan

Titik Beku

dengan Titik Beku

Molalitas

Air (Es)
Urea
NaCl

00C

Larutan ( Tf )
00 C

Diketahui :
Tf

Tfair Tf

Kf

= 1, 86 0C / m

Hitunglah :
a) Tf aquades = Tfair Tf larutan

larutan

=
Tf urea

=.....................................
= ....................................

Tf NaCl

=.......................................
= .......................................

b) Tf aquades =

00C

Tf aquades =
...........x........
maquades =
.....................
Tf Urea

...................

Tf Urea
murea

=
=

.......................
.......................

Tf NaCl

.......................

Tf NaCl
mNaCl

=
=

.......................
.......................

3. Bagaimana pengaruh penambahan zat terlarut (urea) tehadap penurunan titik beku?

Jawab
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
4. Berdasarkan
molalitas tersebut, bagaimanakah pengaruh urea (non elektrolit)
................................................................................................................................
dibanding dengan pengaruh NaCl (elektrolit) terhadap titik beku larutan dan
................................................................................................................
penurunan
titik beku larutan! Jelaskan!
................................................................................................................
...............................
...............................
Jawab

....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
..............................
..............................

5. Mengapa terjadi penurunan titik beku ? (hubungkan dengan penurunan tekanan uap
Larutan)

Jawab
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................
...............................
...............................

6. Kesimpulan apa yang dapat ditarik mengenai penurunan titik beku larutan elektrolit
dan non elektrolit?

Berdasarkan hasil diskusi dapat disimpulkan bahwa :


Jawab
penurunan titik beku adalah selisih.............................................................
dengan ...........................................................................................................................
...........................
Secara matematis dituliskan :
Tf = ....... - .........
penurunan titik beku suatu larutan disebabkan oleh penurunan tekanan uap,
sehingga larutan pada...............karena.................., untuk mencapai tekanan uap 1
atm maka perlu didinginkan lagi agar mencapai titik bekunya akibatnya
titik........................ Adanya zat terlarut dalam suatu larutan dapat .............................
titik beku larutan. Hal tersebut disebabkan.........................yang dimiliki
larutan......................daripada...................murninya.
Berdasarkan video percobaan, bahwa waktu untuk .........................nonelektrolit
mencapai..............lebih...........dibanding.................elektrolit, karena
jumlah........................lebih banyak dibanding................nonelektrolit.

Selamat Bekerja...