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IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS RELATED TO BIOCHEMISTRY

Chemistry:Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties
and change of matter.

Gene:A gene is a locus (or region) of DNA that encodes a functional RNA or protein product.

Genetics:Genetics is the study of gene.

Microbiology:Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses and fungi etc.

Bacteria:A member of a large group of unicellular micro-organisms is called Bacteria.

Virus:An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat and can
be seen by using a microscope is called virus.

Microscope:An optical instrument used for viewing very small objects is called microscope.

Plant science:The scientific study of plat is called plant science.

Medicine:A drug or other preparation for the treatment or prevention of disease is called medicine.

Tissue:Any of the distinct types of material of which animals or plants are made, is called tissue.

Organ:A part of an organism which is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function is
called organ.

Fatty acids:A carboxylic acid consisting of a hydrocarbon chain and a terminal carboxyl group,
especially any of those occurring as esters in fats and oils is called fatty acid.

Ester:An organic compound made by replacing the hydrogen of an acid by an alkyl or other
organic group is called ester.

Oil:A viscous liquid derived from petroleum, especially for use as a fuel or lubricant is called oil.

Waxes:Cover or treat (something) with wax or a similar substance, typically to polish or protect it is
called waxing.

Steroids:Any of a large class of organic compounds with a characteristic molecular structure


containing four rings of carbon atoms is called steroids.

Fats:Any of a group of natural esters of glycerol and various fatty acids, which are solid at room
temperature and are the main constituents of animal and vegetable fats, are called fats.

Glycerol:A colorless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a by-product in soap manufacture is called
glycerol.

Nitrogenous organic compounds:The organic compounds which contain a nitrogenous group, is called nitrogenous organic
compound. For example methyl amine etc.

Amino Acid:A simple organic compound containing both a carboxyl (COOH) and an amino (NH2)
group, is called amino acid.

Enzyme:A substance produced by a living organism which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific
biochemical reaction, is called enzyme.

DNA:Deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material which is present in nearly all living


organisms and carried genetic information, is called DNA.

RNA:Ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal role is to act as a
messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins, is called
RNA.

Nucleotide:A compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides form the
basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA.

Therapy:Treatment intended to relieve or heal a disorder.

Fertilizers:A chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to increase its fertility, is called
fertilizer.