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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1.1. Grafik daerah jenis beban.............................................................................2
Gambar 2.1. Bentuk sinyal Alternating Current (AC)......................................................6
Gambar 2.2. Nilai puncak gelombang...............................................................................7
Gambar 2.3. Pengaruh gelombang AC terhadap hambatan ohm.......................................8
Gambar 2.4. Pengaruh gelombang AC terhadap beban induktif.......................................9
Gambar 2.5. Pengaruh gelombang AC terhadap beban kapasitif....................................10
Gambar 2.6. Hubungan daya sesaat, tegangan, dan arus
pada komponen induktor (L)......................................................................12
Gambar 2.7. Segitiga daya pada beban induktif..............................................................15
Gambar 2.8. Segitiga daya pada beban kapasitif.............................................................15
Gambar 2.3. Sensor arus ACS712...................................................................................16
Gambar 2.4. Perbandingan tegangan keluaran dengan arus input...................................17
Gambar 2.5. Konfigurasi pin sensor arus ACS712..........................................................18
Gambar 2.6. Pinout ATMega32.......................................................................................20
Gambar 3.1. Diagram alat keseluruhan...........................................................................23
Gambar 3.2. Skematik modul mikrokontroler ATMega32..............................................26
Gambar 3.3. Step-down transformator............................................................................29
Gambar 3.4. Rangkaian sensor tegangan........................................................................30
Gambar 3.5. Perancangan penempatan sensor arus ACS712..........................................32
Gambar 3.6. Rangkaian sensor arus ACS712..................................................................32
Gambar 3.6. Blok diagram perancangan modul pendeteksi beda fase............................33
Gambar 3.7. Op-Amp tipe LM-324.................................................................................33
Gambar 3.8. Perancangan blok komparator....................................................................34
Gambar 3.9. Proses mendapatkan beda fase...................................................................35
Gambar 3.10. IC D flip-flop HD74LS74.........................................................................36
Gambar 3.11. Untai pendeteksi jenis beban.................................................................... 36
Gambar 3.12. LCD grafik 128x64 dots...........................................................................37
Gambar 3.13. Skematik modul penampil........................................................................38
Gambar 3.14. Diagram alir perangkat lunak mikrokontroler..........................................39
Gambar 4.1. Rangakaian inverter....................................................................................42
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......................3.... Pengukuran tegangan offset sensor ACS712...........................16.............................................51 Gambar 4...............................54 Gambar 4. Uji pengukuran output blok pembagi tegangan..............54 Gambar 4................................. Pengukuran alat pada beban induktif...48 Gambar 4.............. Hasil pengujian modul penampil......... Pengujian modul pendeteksi jenis beban jikajenis beban terpasang bersifat induktif........14...................................10............................58 Gambar 4......56 Gambar 4.........51 Gambar 4.50 Gambar 4.... Grafik pengujian step-down transfomator............... Output terukur pada osciloscope.......12.........................................58 viii ............46 Gambar 4................2......... Uji Tegangan offset pada output blok pembagi tegangan............ Pengukuran alat pada beban resistif.................8......................................................... Pengujian baris pada LCD grafik....55 Gambar 4....47 Gambar 4.............16........................................5.............. Output modul pendeteksi beda fase.............Gambar 4. Output tegangan dan arus pada komparator...................................45 Gambar 4. Pengujian komparator LM-324 dengan oscilloscope.......46 Gambar 4........................9............................................................6....................43 Gambar 4.........................15........4............ Pengujian modul pendeteksi jenis beban jikajenis beban terpasang bersifat kapasitif.......12.. Ouput sensor arus ACS712 pada oscilloscope.............7.....................................................................