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PERHITUNGAN GORDING

1 DATA PERENCANAAN
Jarak Gording
Jarak kuda - kuda
Jarak batang tarik (trekstang)
Jenis penutup atap

=
=
=
=

Sudut kuda - kuda

2 DATA PROFIL C 150.75.20.4,5


q
=
A
=
Zx
=
Zy
=
Ix
=
Iy
=

11 kg/m
13.97 cm2
65.2 cm3
19.8 cm3
489 cm4
99.2 cm4

1.22 m
4m
1.3333333 m
Genteng
35 o

TABEL BAJA

3 DATA PEMBEBANAN
Beban genteng
(termasuk usuk dan reng)
Beban gording
Dipakai C 150.75.20.4,5
4 BEBAN MATI
Beban genteng
(jarak gording x B.genteng)
Beban Gording
Penyambung (10%)

50 kg/m2

11 kg/m

61 kg/m

11 kg/m
72 kg/m
7.2 kg/m

=
WDL

5 BEBAN HIDUP
Beban pekerja dan alat (P)

79.2 kg/m

150 kg

6 BEBAN ANGIN
Tekanan angin / m2
Koefisien angin tekan
Koefisien angin hisap
tekan

hisap

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

25 kg/m2
0.02 - 0.4
0.3
-0.4
koef x tek. angin x j.gording
0.3
x
9.15 kg/m
koef x tek. angin x j.gording
-0.4
x

-12.2 kg/m

7 REAKSI PEMBEBANAN ARAH X


a. Akibat Beban Mati
1/2 x WDL x Cos x L
Rv
=
=
=
Mmax

=
=
=
b. Akibat Beban Hidup
Rv

=
=
=

Mmax

=
=
=
c. Akibat Beban Angin
Rv
=
=
=
Mmax

=
=
=

0.5
x
129.75 kg
1/8 x WDL x Sin x L2

79.2

79.2

0.5
x
245.75 kg
1/4 x WLL x Sin x L

150

0.25
x
86.04 kg m

150

1/2 x tekan x L
0.5
x
18.30 kg

9.15

1/8 x tekan x L2
0.125
x
18.30 kg m

9.15

0.5
x
30.28 kg
1/8 x WDL x Sin x L/32

79.2

0.125
x
10.09 kg m

79.2

150

150

1.6

0.125
x
90.85 kg m
1/2 x WLL x Cos x L

8 REAKSI PEMBEBANAN ARAH Y


a. Akibat Beban Mati
1/2 x WDL x Sin x L/3
Rv
=
=
=
Mmax

=
=
=
b. Akibat Beban Hidup
Rv

Mmax

=
=
=
=
=
=

1/2 x WLL x Sin x L/3


0.5
x
57.36 kg
1/4 x WLL x Sin x L/3

9 KOMBINASI PEMBEBANAN
Mx
=

0.25
x
28.68 kg m

1.2

WDL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

My

109.03
261.3238 kg m
2613237.54
N mm
1.2
WDL
12.11
58.0000 kg m
580000.492
N mm

+
+

137.66

1.6
45.89

10 KONTROL TEGANGAN
PPBBi 1984

26132.3754
65.2
400.80

693.73 kg/cm2

693.73
<

ijin

11 KONTROL LENDUTAN

Berdasarkan PPBBi 1984, Hal 106 Pasal 15.1 Ayat 1


EI
=
2100000 Mpa
fmax(ijin) =
1/250.L =
1.6 cm
WDL Cos
qx
=
=
=
qy

WDL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Px

64.9 kg/m
0.649 kg/cm
Sin
45.4 kg/m
0.454 kg/cm

WLL Cos
122.9
1.229
WLL Sin

kg
kg/cm

86.0
0.860
Menghitung lendutan gording
fx =
5
qx . L
384
EI . Ix

kg
kg/cm

Py

5
384
0.0130

0.649
2100000

1
48

25600000000
x
489

16608471528.3682
1026900000

Px . L
EI . Ix
+

fy

0.0130

0.211

0.21

0.0016

cm

5
384

qy . L/3
EI . Iy

5
384

0.454
2100000

0.0130

0.0130

0.242

=
sehingga :
f = fx + fy

0.24

8533333333.33333
x
99.2

Py . L/3
EI . Iy
+

3876458987.43491
208320000

18.61

0.0018

0.045

0.105

0.32

1
48

cm

=
maka :
f=

16.17

0.060

0.32 cm
cm

<

fijin =

1.6

PPIUG 1983
TABEL BAJA

+
+

PPBBi 1984

PPIUG 1983

LRFD hal 4

x j.gording
25

1.22

25

1.22

x j.gording

px
py
y

x
p

px
py
y

x
p

Akibat Beban Mati


0.819

0.574

16

qx
4.5 m

2 Mx max =

244,78 kgm

0.819

4
D

0.574

2.25

Dx max =

140,31 kg

16

Akibat Beban Mati


0.574

1.3333333

0.574

1.78

qy
4.5 m

2 Mx max =

15,59 kgm

0.574

1.3333333
D
2.25

0.574

1.3333333

Dx max =

41,57 kg

Kombi
WLL

0.8

U=

137.66

14.64

4
5

WLL
45.89

+
+

U=
U=
U=
U=
U=
U=

5800.0049
19.8
292.93

kg/cm2
=

2
3

1600

kg/cm

HARUS DI CEK !! OK

15.00

7.50

1
48
0.0208

1.229
2100000

64000000
489

78638596.2517432
1026900000

0.0208

1
48

0.860
2100000

21333333.3333333
99.2

18354445.9632335
208320000

0.0208
0.0208

0.0766

HARUS DI CEK !! OK
cm

0.0881

Akibat Beban Hidup

px

4.5

2 Mx max =
244,78 kgm

D
2

Dx max =

140,31 kg

4,10

0.51

Mpx max =
51,07 kgm

2.05

Dpx max =
200,48 kg

Akibat Beban Hidup

Akibat Beban Angin

py

4.5
2 Mx max =

0.17

15,59 kgm

Dx max =

41,57 kg

Mpx max =
17,02 kgm
D

D
2

4.5

0.68

Dpx max =
0.34
34,05 kg

2,42

Kombinasi beban
1.4 D

Arah x
127.196311

Arah y
14.13

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.9

D
D
D
D
D
D

+
+
+
+
+
-

0.5 L
1.6 L
1.6 L
1.3 W
1.3 W
1.3 W

+
+

tegangan tekan max =


-637,38 kg/cm2

15.00

7.50

tegangan tarik max =


+637,38 kg/cm2

0.8 W
0.5 L

=
=
=
=
=
=

152.043642 26.4533452
246.683754 58.0000492
261.323754 58.0000492
175.833642 26.4533452
193.616462 46.3679191
-30.0783483 -28.1970176

kibat Beban Angin

qangin tiup
4.5 m

2 Mx tiup max =

17,02 kgm

2,42

Dx tiup max
= 34,05 kg

PERHITUNGAN BATANG TARIK (TREKSTANG)


1 REAKSI PEMBEBANAN KE ARAH SUMBU X
Rvx beban mati
=
129.75 kg
Rvx beban hidup
=
245.75 kg
Rvx beban angin
=
18.30 kg
+
Rvt
=
375.50 kg
2 KOMBINASI PEMBEBANAN
R
=
1.2
WDL
=
155.70
=
563.54 kg

+
+

1.6
WLL
393.19

3 DIMENSI TREKSTANG

=
R
A
A
=
R

=
375.50
1400
=
A = 1/4 d2
d

0.268 cm2
=

=
=

0.58 cm
0.8 cm

x
3.14
dibulatkan
=

0.268

mm

+
+

0.8
W
14.64

Pembebanan trekstang
Pmax
=
qx .L
n
dengan
=
qx
L
=
n
=
Px
=
maka
Pmax
=
qx .L
n
=
259.51
3
=
86.50246
=
172.54
Dimensi trekstang
tan =

sin
Maka R

1.22

=
=

0.406667
arcTan

=
=

33.82
0.557
=
=
=

Luas dimensi trekstang


=R/A
A
=

=
A = 1/4 d2
d

Py

beban merata arah x


jarak antar kuda - kuda
jumlah pembagian trekstang
beban hidup
+

Py

86.04

+
kg

86.04

y/x

3
0.41

cos
=
n . Pmax
sin
3
x
172.54
0.557
929.9858 kg

929.99
1400
0.664

0.9 dibulatkan

0.831

1400

1.0 cm

10 mm

3 bh

PERHITUNGAN KUDA - KUDA


1

DATA PEMBEBANAN
Bentang kuda2

10.5 m

Jarak kuda2 (Lk)

4m

Jarak gording

2m

Sudut kemiringan atap

Penutup atap

Berat penutup atap

50 kg/m2

PPIUG 1983

Beban gording

11 kg/m

TABEL BAJA

35 o
Genteng

BJ37

Fy

240 Mpa

Fu

370 Mpa

SNI 2002

2100000 kg/cm2

MENGHITUNG BEBAN
BEBAN MATI
Berat atap

400 kg

44 kg

(q x Lk x L gording)
Berat gording
(q x Lk)

Penyambung (10%)

=
qt

444 kg
44.4 kg
488.4 kg

B. Mati arah x
B. Mati arah y

=
=

400.07 kg
280.13 kg

BEBAN HIDUP
Beban pekerja & alat

100 kg

B. Hidup arah x
B. Hidup arah y

=
=

81.92 kg
57.36 kg

SNI 2002

BEBAN ANGIN
Tekanan angin / m2
Koefisien angin tekan
Koefisien angin hisap
tekan

=
=
=
=
=
=

25 kg/m2 LRFD hal 4


0.02 - 0.4
0.3
-0.4
koef x tek. angin x Lk x L.gording
0.3
x
25
x

hisap

B. Angin arah x
B. Angin arah y
BEBAN
B. MATI
B. HIDUP
B. ANGIN

=
=

ARAH X
400.07
81.92
49.15

ARAH Y
280.13
57.36
34.41

=
=
=
=

60 kg
koef x tek. angin x Lk x L.gording
-0.4
x
25
x
-80 kg
49.15 kg
34.41 kg
Kombinasi pembebanan
Arah x
=
650.47 =
Arah y
=
455.47 =

Perhitungan panjang bentang kuda - kuda

Gambar Autocad

No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

No
A1

Tabel panjang
A (m)
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68
1.68

batang kuda - kuda


H (m)
V (m)
1.50
0.75
1.50
1.50
1.50
2.25
1.50
1.50
1.50
0.75
1.50

Batang Tarik

D (m)
2.12
2.70
2.70
2.12

Batang Tekan

A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
H1
H2
H3
H4
H5
H6
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
D1
D2
D3
D4

800
400

kg
kg

Berat sendiri kuda - kuda ditaksir ( L + 5 )


jarak kuda2 max
=
62 kg
=
54.25
kg
tiap simpul tengah
menerima beban
=
27.13 kg
tiap simpul tepi
menerima beban
Berat sendiri penutup atap (genteng)
simpul tengah menerima beban
=
400 kg
simpul puncak menerima beban
=
409 kg
simpul tepi menerima beban
=
200 kg
Beban akibat gording
tiap simpul menerima beban
=
44
tiap simpul menerima beban
=
88
Beban berguna
tiap simpul menerima beban
=
100 kg
Beban tiap simpul
P2 = P3 = P5 = P6
598.25 kg
P1 = P7
415.13 kg
P4
607.25 kg

akibat beban mati dan berguna


=

600 kg

450 kg

600 kg