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1.

TANGKI-01 (T-01)
Fungsi

: Untuk menampung bahan baku asam asetat

Tipe

: Silinder vertikal dengan ellipsoidal head

Gambar :

He

Hs

Dt

A. Data
Temperatur (T)

: 30 oC

Tekanan (P)

: 1 atm

Laju Alir Massa (W) : 18.505,7061 kg/jam


Densitas

: 1.049 kg/m3

Lama Persedian

: 7 hari

B. Kapasitas Tangki, VT
VT

W x lama persediaan
Densitas

1.049 kg /m
( 3)
kg
18.505,7061
x ( 24 jam ) x 7
jam

= 2.963,7356 m3
Tangki yang digunakan 8 buah, maka:
Vt

2.963,7356 m 3
8

= 370,4669 m3
Faktor Keamanan

= 10 %

Kapasitas Tangki

= (1 + 0,1) x Vt
= (1,1) x (370,4669 m3)
= 407,5136 m3

C. Diameter Tangki, DT
Dengan: H = Tinggi Silinder =
VT

DT

D 2 H
4 T

3
DT 3
8

8 VT
x
3

8 407,5136 m
x
2
3
3,14 m

1
2

x DT

1
2

x 7,0209 m

3
2

DT

1
3

3 1
3

= 7,0209 m

= 3,5105 m

D. Volume Ellipsoidal Head, Ve


Dengan: h = Tinggi Ellipsoidal =

1
4

DT

Ve
Ve

DT 2 h
6

DT 3
24

3,14 x (7,0209 m)3


24

(perry 1999, tabel 10-65)

= 45,2793 m3
E. Volume Silinder, VS
VT

= Ve + VS

VS

= VT Ve
= 407,5136 m3 45,2793 m3
= 362,2343 m3

F. Tinggi Tangki Total, HT


1) Tinggi Silinder, H
H

3
2

3
2

x 7,0209 m

DT
= 10,5314 m

2) Tinggi Ellipsoidal Head, h


h

1
4

1
4

x 7,0209 m = 1,7552 m

DT

3) Tinggi Tangki Total, HT


HT

= H+h
= 10,5314 m + 1,7552 m
= 12,2866 m

G. Tebal Dinding Tangki, t


t

Pr i
S E j0,6 P

Cc

Keterangan:
t

= Tebal dinding, m

= Tekanan design, atm

= 1 atm

ri

= Jari-jari, m

= 3,5105 m

= Working stress allowable, atm

= 932,2265 atm

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 4)


Ej

= Welding joint efficiency

= 0,85

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 4)


Cc

= Korosi yang diizinkan, m

= 0,0032 m

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 6)

Pr i
S E j0,6 P

( 1 atm ) x ( 3,5105 m )
( 932,2265 atm ) x ( 0,85 )0,6 (1 atm)

Cc
+ 0,0032 m

= 0,0076 m
H. Outside Diameter, OD
OD

= ID + 2t
= (7,0209 m) + 2 (0,0076 m)

OD

= 7,0361 m

Nama Alat
Kode
Jumlah
Fungsi
Tipe
Kapasitas
Tekanan
Temperatur
Diameter
Outside Diameter
Tinggi
Tebal Dinding
Bahan Konstruksi

SUMMARY
Tangki
T-01
8 buah
Menampung bahan baku asam asetat
IDENTIFIKASI
Silinder vertikal dengan ellipsoidal head
407,5136 m3
1 atm
30 oC
7,0209 m
7,0361 m
12,2866 m
0,0076 m
Stainless steel

2. TANGKI-03 (T-03)
Fungsi

: Untuk menampung produk asetaldehid

Tipe

: Silinder vertikal dengan ellipsoidal head

Gambar :

He

Hs

Dt

A. Data
Temperatur (T)

: 30 oC

Tekanan (P)

: 1 atm

Laju Alir Massa (W) : 576,3707 kg/jam


Densitas

: 777,2911 kg/m3

Lama Persedian

: 7 hari

B. Kapasitas Tangki, VT
VT

W x lama persediaan
Densitas

777,2911 kg/m
( 3)
kg
576,3707
x ( 24 jam ) x 7
jam

= 124,5740 m3
Tangki yang digunakan 1 buah, maka:
Vt

124,5740 m3
1

= 124,5740 m3
Faktor Keamanan

= 10 %

Kapasitas Tangki

= (1 + 0,1) x Vt
= (1,1) x (124,5740 m3)
= 137,0314 m3

C. Diameter Tangki, DT
Dengan: H = Tinggi Silinder =
VT

DT

2
DT H
4

3
DT 3
8

8 VT
x
3

8 137,0314 m3
x
3
3,14 m2

1
2

x DT

1
2

x 4,8822 m

3
2

DT

1
3

1
3

= 4,8822 m

= 2,4411 m

D. Volume Ellipsoidal Head, Ve


Dengan: h = Tinggi Ellipsoidal =

1
4

DT

Ve
Ve

DT 2 h
6

DT 3
24

3,14 x (4,8822 m)3


24

(perry 1999, tabel 10-65)

= 15,2257 m3
E. Volume Silinder, VS
VT

= Ve + VS

VS

= VT Ve
= 137,00314 m3 15,2257 m3
= 121,8057 m3

F. Tinggi Tangki Total, HT


1) Tinggi Silinder, H
H

3
2

3
2

x 4,8822 m

DT
= 7,3234 m

2) Tinggi Ellipsoidal Head, h


h

1
4

1
4

x 4,8822 m = 1,2206 m

DT

3) Tinggi Tangki Total, HT


HT

= H+h
= 7,3234 m + 1,2206 m
= 8,5439 m

G. Tebal Dinding Tangki, t


t

Pr i
S E j0,6 P

Cc

Keterangan:
t

= Tebal dinding, m

= Tekanan design, atm

= 1 atm

ri

= Jari-jari, m

= 2,4411 m

= Working stress allowable, atm

= 932,2265 atm

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 4)


Ej

= Welding joint efficiency

= 0,85

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 4)


Cc

= Korosi yang diizinkan, m

= 0,0032 m

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 6)

Pr i
S E j0,6 P

(1 atm ) x ( 2,4411 m )
( 932,2265 atm ) x ( 0,85 )0,6 (1 atm)

Cc
+ 0,0032 m

= 0,0063 m
H. Outside Diameter, OD
OD

= ID + 2t
= (4,8822 m) + 2 (0,0063 m)

OD

= 4,8948 m
SUMMARY

Nama Alat
Kode
Jumlah
Fungsi
Tipe
Kapasitas
Tekanan
Temperatur
Diameter
Outside Diameter
Tinggi

Tangki
T-04
1 buah
Menampung produk asetaldehid
IDENTIFIKASI
Silinder vertikal dengan ellipsoidal head
137,0314 m3
1 atm
30 oC
4,8822 m
4,8948 m
8,5439 m

Tebal Dinding
Bahan Konstruksi

0,0063 m
Carbon steel

3. TANGKI-04 (T-04)
Fungsi

: Untuk menampung produk etil asetat

Tipe

: Silinder vertikal dengan ellipsoidal head

Gambar :

He

Hs

Dt

A. Data
Temperatur (T)

: 30 oC

Tekanan (P)

: 1 atm

Laju Alir Massa (W) : 1.354,8102 kg/jam


Densitas

: 900,0084 kg/m3

Lama Persedian

: 7 hari

B. Kapasitas Tangki, VT
VT

W x lama persediaan
Densitas

900,0084 kg /m
( 3)
kg
1.354,8102
x ( 24 jam ) x 7
jam

= 252,8955 m3
Tangki yang digunakan 1 buah, maka:
Vt

252,8955 m3
1

= 252,8955 m3
Faktor Keamanan

= 10 %

Kapasitas Tangki

= (1 + 0,1) x Vt
= (1,1) x (252,8955 m3)
= 278,1851 m3

C. Diameter Tangki, DT
Dengan: H = Tinggi Silinder =
VT

DT

2
DT H
4

3
DT 3
8

8 VT
x
3

8 278,1851 m3
x
3
3,14 m2

1
2

x DT

1
2

x 6,1819 m

3
2

DT

1
3

1
3

= 6,1819 m

= 3,0910 m

D. Volume Ellipsoidal Head, Ve


Dengan: h = Tinggi Ellipsoidal =

1
4

DT

Ve
Ve

DT 2 h
6

DT 3
24

3,14 x (6,1819 m)3


24

(perry 1999, tabel 10-65)

= 30,9095 m3
E. Volume Silinder, VS
VT

= Ve + VS

VS

= VT Ve
= 278,1851 m3 39,9095 m3
= 247,2756 m3

F. Tinggi Tangki Total, HT


1) Tinggi Silinder, H
H

3
2

3
2

x 6,1819 m

DT
= 9,2729 m

2) Tinggi Ellipsoidal Head, h


h

1
4

1
4

x 6,1819 m = 1,5455 m

DT

3) Tinggi Tangki Total, HT


HT

= H+h
= 10,8184 m + 1,5455 m
= 10,8184 m

G.

Tebal Dinding Tangki, t


t

Pr i
S E j0,6 P

Cc

Keterangan:
t

= Tebal dinding, m

= Tekanan design, atm

= 1 atm

ri

= Jari-jari, m

= 3,0910 m

= Working stress allowable, atm

= 932,2265 atm

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 4)


Ej

= Welding joint efficiency

= 0,85

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 4)


Cc

= Korosi yang diizinkan, m

= 0,0032 m

(Peters and Timmerhaus, 4th edition, tabel 6)

Pr i
S E j0,6 P

( 1 atm ) x ( 3,0910 m )
( 932,2265 atm ) x ( 0,85 )0,6 (1 atm)

Cc
+ 0,0032 m

= 0,0071 m
H. Outside Diameter, OD
OD

= ID + 2t
= (6,1819 m) + 2 (0,0071 m)

OD

= 6,1961 m
SUMMARY

Nama Alat
Kode
Jumlah
Fungsi
Tipe
Kapasitas
Tekanan
Temperatur
Diameter
Outside Diameter
Tinggi

Tangki
T-05
1 buah
Menampung produk etil asetat
IDENTIFIKASI
Silinder vertikal dengan ellipsoidal head
278,1851 m3
1 atm
30 oC
6,1819 m
6,1961 m
10,8184 m

Tebal Dinding
Bahan Konstruksi

0,0071 m
Carbon steel