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IS (P) - 3 laws review

Modified True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.

____

1.

An object in motion at a constant velocity will change its motion only if a balanced force acts on it. ____________________

____

2.

In a car crash, inertia could cause you to crash into the

____________________

____

3.

When a ball is dropped, it falls down due to the force of

____________________

____

4.

Forces that are equal in size but opposite in direction are called unbalanced

____________________

____

5.

If a net force acts on an object, the object may change speed, change direction or do neither. ____________________

____

6.

Balanced forces acting on an object cause the object to

____________________

____

7.

A ball is thrown horizontally. Gravity causes the ball to continue to move horizontally. ____________________

 

____

8.

Friction is a force that speeds up motion between two surfaces that are in

____________________

____

9.

The force of gravity causes all objects near Earth's surface to fall with an acceleration of 20 m/s 2 . ____________________

10.

An object with a mass of 9.0 kg has an acceleration of 3 m/s 2 . The force acting on it is 3 N. ____________________

____

11.

The acceleration of an object is always in the direction of the net force acting on

____________________

12.

Earth exerts an unbalanced force on a ball thrown into the

____

____________________

 

13.

When you push downward on Earth to make a pole vault, Earth exerts an equal force on the pole. ____________________

Multiple Choice

 

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____

1.

Inertia varies depending on ____.

 
 

a.

force

c.

velocity

b.

mass

d.

motion

____

2.

Newton's first law of motion is also called the law of ____.

 
 

a.

mass

c.

force

b.

inertia

d.

constant velocity

____

3.

The upward force on an object falling through the air is ____.

 
  • a. air resistance

c.

momentum

  • b. inertia

d.

terminal velocity

____

4.

The relationship among mass, force, and acceleration is explained by ____.

 
 
  • a. conservation of momentum

c.

Newton's second law of motion

  • b. Newton's first law of motion

d.

Newton's third law of motion

____

5.

In the absence of air, a penny and a feather that are dropped from the same height at the same time will ____.

 
  • a. fall at different rates

c.

float

  • b. fall at the same rate

d.

not have momentum

____

6.

For any object, the greater the force that's applied to it, the greater its

will be.

 
  • a. acceleration

c.

inertia

  • b. gravity

d.

velocity

____

7.

A 3000-N force acts on a 200-kg object. The acceleration of the object is ____.

 
 
  • a. 50 m/s 2

c.

15 m/s 2

  • b. 26 m/s 2

d.

150 m/s 2

____

8.

When the drag force on an object falling through the air equals the force of gravity, the object has reached

 
  • a. terminal force.

c.

terminal illness.

  • b. terminal acceleration.

d.

terminal velocity.

____

9.

Newton's first law of motion states that an object remains at rest unless a(n)

force acts on it.

 
  • a. balanced

c.

gravitational

  • b. frictional

d.

unbalanced

____

10.

According to the graph, over which segments is the car’s speed changing?

 
 
a. air resistance c. momentum b. inertia d. terminal velocity ____ 4. The relationship among mass,
  • a. a & c

c.

a & c & e

  • b. b & d

d.

c & e

____

11.

According to Newton's second law of motion, ____.

 
  • a. F = m a

c.

F = p a

  • b. F = m v

d.

F = p v

____

12.

The statement "to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction" is ____.

 
  • a. the law of conservation of momentum

  • b. Newton's first law of motion

  • c. Newton's second law of motion

  • d. Newton's third law of motion

____

13.

Forces that are equal in size but opposite in direction are ____.

  • a. balanced forces

c.

inertial forces

  • b. frictional forces

d.

net forces

Completion

Complete each statement.

  • 1. If the forces acting on an object at rest are

,

____________________

the object will remain at rest.

  • 2. At the same speed, a bowling ball is harder to stop than a soccer ball because the bowling ball has greater ____________________.

  • 3. A force is ____________________.

  • 4. is the tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion.

____________________

  • 5. A(n)

____________________

is a push or pull that one object exerts on another.

  • 6. Mike has a mass of 60 kg. He pulls on a wagon of mass 30 kg with a force of 20 N. The wagon remains motionless. The wagon exerts a force of

on Mike.

____________________

Short Answer

  • 1. Can an object be in motion if the net force acting on it is zero? Explain.

  • 2. If you are running and you stub your toe, you fall forward. Explain.

  • 3. Explain how mass and weight are different from each other.

  • 4. What causes friction?

  • 5. You push on a crate with a force of 10 N to the right, and your friend pushes on the crate with a force of 25 N to the left. Describe and explain the motion of the crate.

  • 6. If you double the force on an object, the object's change in speed will also double. Explain how force and acceleration are related.

  • 7. Acceleration depends on which two factors?

  • 8. If two equal forces act on an object in opposite directions, what is the net force? What is the acceleration?

  • 9. Why is it necessary to wear a seat belt to hold you in place if you are riding in a car that stops suddenly?

  • 10. Forces of 10 N down, 10 N to the right, and 5 N to the left are acting on a ball. It accelerates horizontally to the right. What other force, if any, is acting on the ball? Explain.

Problem

1.

A car of mass 1330 kg is traveling at 28.0 m/s. The driver applies the brakes to bring the car to rest in 5.6 s. Calculate the force of the brakes on the car.

2.

Two men pull a 31-kg box with forces 9.7 N and 7.6 N in the directions shown below. Find the acceleration of the box and the direction in which the box moves.

Problem 1. A car of mass 1330 kg is traveling at 28.0 m/s. The driver applies

9.7 N

7.6 N

3.

Two horizontal forces, 315 N and 145 N are applied to a sled resting on a frictionless skating rink. If they are applied in the same direction, what is the net horizontal force on the sled?

4.

Two horizontal forces, 145 N and 315 N are applied to a sled resting on a frictionless skating rink. If they are applied in opposite directions, what is the net horizontal force on the sled?

5.

What is the mass of a cannon ball that is shot through the air with an acceleration of 6 m/s 2 and a net force of 1,000 N?

6.

Calculate mu if normal force is 50 N and friction is 10 N.

7.

Calculate the weight of a person with a mass of 67 kg that is holding a 12 kg box on Earth.

Essay

1.

When riding in an elevator, why does a person appear to lose weight when accelerating downward?

2.

Explain how Newton’s first law of motion applies in a car crash and the effects of this law on

an unbelted person.