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PERHITUNGAN KOLOM

Berat penutup atap


Horizontal (H) = panjang lereng x jarak kolom x berat penutup

Vertikal (V)

atap x sin
= 5.77 m x 6 m x 10 kg/m x sin 30
= 173.1 kg
= panjang lereng x jarak kolom x berat penutup
atap x cos
= 5.77 m x 6 m x 10 kg/m x cos30
= 299.82 kg

Berat gording = (Berat gording Canal (200x75x20x3.2) x Jumlah gording x


Jarak kolom
= 9,27 kg/m x 7 x 6 m
= 389.34 kg
Berat kuda-kuda
Horizontal (H) = Berat profil baja 2 sisi miring sin
= 5.42 kg/m 2 5.77 m sin30
= 31.273 kg
Vertikal (V)
= Berat profil baja 2 sisi miring cos
= 7.90 kg/m 2 5.77 m cos30
= 78.95 kg

P (Horizontal)
P (Vertikal)

= Berat penutup atap + berat gording + berat kuda-kuda


= 173.1 kg + 389.34 kg + 31.27kg
= 593.71 kg
= Berat penutup atap + berat gording + berat kuda-kuda
= 299.82 kg + 389.34 kg + 78.95 kg
= 768.11 kg

3m

6m

3m

3m

W = Luasan Tekanan Angin 0,9


-

W1

W2

= (3 m 1 m) 40 kg/m2 0,9
= 108 kg
= (3 m 1 m) 40 kg/m2 0,9
= 108 kg

W3

= (3 m 1 m) 40 kg/m2 0,9
= 108 kg

M = W X; dimana W = berat , dan X = Jarak


-

M1 = W1 X1
= 108 kg x 3 m
= 324 kgm
M2 = W2 X2
= 108 kg x 3 m
= 324 kgm
M3 = W3 X3
= 108 kg 3 m
= 324 kgm
Mtotal

= M1 + M2 + M3
= 324 kgm + 324 kgm + 324 kgm
= 972 kgm

Momen AkibatT ekanan Dinding


M

Wx

PV
=

= 972 kgm
= 97200 kgcm
97200 kgcm
= 16 00 kg/cm 2

= 60.75 cm3

768.11 kg
2
16 00 kg/cm 2 = 0.48 cm

Dicoba Profil 100.100.6.8


A

= 21,90 cm2

tb

= 6 mm

Wx

= 76.5 cm3

= 100 mm

ts

= 8 mm

Wy

= 26.7 cm3

= 100 mm

ix

= 4.18 cm

Ix

= 383 cm4

= 17,2 kg/m

iy

= 2.47 cm

Iy

= 134 cm4

Ptotal

= P + berat kolom
= 768.11 kg + (17.2 kg/m 7.50 m)
= 897.11 kg

M
Wx

97200 kg
= 76.5 cm 3

= 1270.58 kg/cm2

P
8 97 , 11 kg
A = 21.90 cm 2

= 40,96 kg/cm2
d
b =

40 , 96 kg/ cm 2
1270,58 kg/cm 2

= 0.032 < 1,5 VOS


Lk = 1/2 L Jepit- jepit
= 1/2 750 cm
= 375 cm

Lk
375 cm
=
iy
2. 47 cm
= 151.8 ~ 152 = 897

7.8

Kontrol profil terhadap tegangan


d

+ b

40 ,96 kg/cm 2
7 .8
5,25 kg/cm2

+ 1270.58 kg/cm2

2
+ 1270,58 kg/ cm

1275.83 kg/ cm

<

<

1600 kg/cm2

<

1600 kg/cm2

<

1600 kg/cm2.......OK

Maka dipakai Profil WF 100.100.6.8