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SLASHER DYEING

The second machine for Dyeing is Slasher Dyeing. This is


very old & manual machine. This machine has a capability of
handling Ne count form 9/s30/s (OE and Slub both). In this
machine there are 2 beam stands to load lots.
Flow Chart of Indigo Dyeing

PRE-TREATMENT 1-Wetting
Tank

WASHING 1-
Tank

DYEING 4-
5-Dyeing Tanks

WASHING 2-Tanks

DRYING

SIZING 2-Tanks

DRYING

PRE-TREATMENT (1 tank):
Pre-treatment process includes;
• Pre-wetting:
In order to get proper dyeing of the
sheet, pre-wetting is carried out with;

Wetting Agent 3-5g/l


Temperature 20-30ºC

• Mercerization:
If well penetration of the dye is required, then
the yarns are treated with strong caustic soda solution, hot
wash and cold wash treatment prior to dyeing.

Caustic Soda (20 ºBe) PH 11.8-12


Temperature Room
Temperature

WASHING (1tank):
Cold wash Room
Temperature

DYEING (Indigo Blue Dye):


The dyeing is carried out in 4 to 6 dye box. The dyeing
recipe is given by;

Stock Vat:
Indigo powder 85gm
Sodium hydro sulphite 70gm
Caustic soda (38 ºBe) 140ml
Dispersing agent 5gm
Water Xgm
Total 1000ml
Vetting temperature 50ºC
Vetting time 30mins

Dyeing (4-5 tanks):


In each dyeing tank following quantities of stock vat will
be required;

Requirement per tank


Requirement for 6 tanks
(Capacity 700L)
(Capacity 3500L)

Caustic soda (38ºBe) 3.5L


17.5L
Sodium hydro sulphite 1Kg
5Kg
Stock vat 26.25L
31.25L

The dipping time of sheet in each tank is


about 15secs and airing time or oxidation time is about
90secs.

WASHING (2 tanks):
Cold wash at room temperature
Hot wash at temperature of 70ºC
In each washing tank dipping time is about
12secs.
DRYING:
The dyed sheet is dried through drying cylinders,
heated with the help of saturated steam at temperature of
150ºC.

ACCUMULATOR:
The function of accumulator is to
store the yarn sheet in running condition when the size
beam is stopped due to any fault so that quality of the dyed
sheet in dye box may not damage.
Storage capacity 90m
Speed of 22m/min
Accumulation time 3mins

SIZING (2 tanks):
Warp yarns are sized with a protective coating of
water soluble, film forming macromolecule and a lubricant.
Size paste recipe is given by;

Maize starch 75Kg


PVA 4Kg
AVRN 30Kg
Softener 6Kg
Water 700L

DRYING:
The dyed sheet is dried through drying cylinders,
heated with the help of saturated steam at temperature of
150ºC.

The ropes are also dyed with Indigo + Sulphur dye in


order to achieve vast shade range. The Sulphur dye is
applied through two ways;
1. Bottoming
2. Topping

1-BOTTOMING:
In bottoming the rope is dyed with
Sulphur dye first and then with Indigo dye. The process
layout is given by;
Flow Chart of Indigo Dyeing
And Bottoming with Sulphur Dye

PRE-TREATMENT 1-Wetting
Tank

WASHING 1-
Tank

DYEING 1-
Dyeing Tanks

OXIDATION 1-Tank

DYEING 4-5-
Dyeing Tanks

WASHING 2-Tanks

DRYING

SIZING 2-Tanks

DRYING

PRE-TREATMENT (1 tank):
Pre-treatment process includes;
• Pre-wetting:
In order to get proper dyeing of the
sheet, pre-wetting is carried out with;
Wetting Agent 3-5g/l
Temperature 20-30ºC

• Mercerization:
If well penetration of the dye is required, then
the yarns are treated with strong caustic soda solution, hot
wash and cold wash treatment prior to dyeing.

Caustic Soda (20 ºBe) PH 11.8-12


Temperature Room
Temperature

WASHING (1tank):

Cold wash Room


Temperature

DYEING (Sulphur Black Dye) (1 tank):


Dyeing is carried out with recipe of;

Sulphur Black powder 5-10g/l


Sodium Sulphite (Na 2S2O 4) 7.5-10g/l
Soda Ash 4-8g/l
Wetting Agent 3g/l
Temperature 80ºC
Dipping time 10-20secs
Pick up 70-80%

OXIDATION (1 tank):
Formic Acid 70Kg
H2O2 20Kg
Water 200gallon

DYEING (Indigo Blue Dye):


The dyeing is carried out in 4 to 6 dye box. The dyeing
recipe is given by;

Stock Vat:
Indigo powder 85gm
Sodium hydro sulphite 70gm
Caustic soda (38 ºBe) 140ml
Dispersing agent 5gm
Water Xgm
Total 1000ml
Vetting temperature 50ºC
Vetting time 30mins

Dyeing (4-5 tanks):


In each dyeing tank following quantities of stock vat will
be required;

Requirement per tank


Requirement for 6 tanks
(Capacity 700L)
(Capacity 3500L)

Caustic soda (38ºBe) 3.5L


17.5L
Sodium hydro sulphite 1Kg
5Kg
Stock vat 26.25L
31.25L

The dipping time of sheet in each tank is


about 15secs and airing time or oxidation time is about
90secs.

WASHING (2 tanks):
Cold wash at room temperature
Hot wash at temperature of 70ºC
In each washing tank dipping time is about
12secs.
DRYING:
The dyed sheet is dried through drying cylinders,
heated with the help of saturated steam at temperature of
150ºC.

ACCUMULATOR:
The function of accumulator is to
store the yarn sheet in running condition when the size
beam is stopped due to any fault so that quality of the dyed
sheet in dye box may not damage.
Storage capacity 90m
Speed of 22m/min
Accumulation time 3mins

SIZING (2 tanks):
Warp yarns are sized with a protective coating of
water soluble, film forming macromolecule and a lubricant.
Size paste recipe is given by;

Maize starch 75Kg


PVA 4Kg
AVRN 30Kg
Softener 6Kg
Water 700L

DRYING:
The dyed sheet is dried through drying cylinders,
heated with the help of saturated steam at temperature of
150ºC.
2-TOPPING:
In topping the rope is dyed with indigo
dye first and then with sulphur dye. The process layout is
given by;

Flow Chart of Indigo Dyeing


And Bottoming with Sulphur Dye

PRE-TREATMENT 1-Wetting
Tank

WASHING 1-
Tank

DYEING 4-5-
Dyeing Tanks

DYEING 1-
Dyeing Tanks

OXIDATION 1-Tank

WASHING 2-Tanks
DRYING

SIZING 2-Tanks

DRYING

PRE-TREATMENT (1 tank):
Pre-treatment process includes;
• Pre-wetting:
In order to get proper dyeing of the
sheet, pre-wetting is carried out with;

Wetting Agent 3-5g/l


Temperature 20-30ºC

• Mercerization:
If well penetration of the dye is required, then
the yarns are treated with strong caustic soda solution, hot
wash and cold wash treatment prior to dyeing.

Caustic Soda (20 ºBe) PH 11.8-12


Temperature Room
Temperature
WASHING (1tank):

Tank#1
Cold wash Room
Temperature

DYEING (Indigo Blue Dye):


The dyeing is carried out in 4 to 6 dye box. The dyeing
recipe is given by;

Stock Vat:
Indigo powder 85gm
Sodium hydro sulphite 70gm
Caustic soda (38 ºBe) 140ml
Dispersing agent 5gm
Water Xgm
Total 1000ml
Vetting temperature 50ºC
Vetting time 30mins

Dyeing (4-5 tanks):


In each dyeing tank following quantities of stock vat will
be required;

Requirement per tank


Requirement for 6 tanks
(Capacity 700L)
(Capacity 3500L)

Caustic soda (38ºBe) 3.5L


17.5L
Sodium hydro sulphite 1Kg
5Kg
Stock vat 26.25L
31.25L

The dipping time of sheet in each tank is


about 15secs and airing time or oxidation time is about
90secs.

DYEING (Sulphur Black Dye) (1 tank):


Dyeing is carried out with recipe of;

Sulphur Black powder 5-10g/l


Sodium Sulphite (Na 2S2O 4) 7.5-10g/l
Soda Ash 4-8g/l
Wetting Agent 3g/l
Temperature 80ºC
Dipping time 10-20secs
Pick up 70-80%

OXIDATION (1 tank):
Formic Acid 70Kg
H2O2 20Kg
Water 200gallon

WASHING (2 tanks):
Cold wash at room temperature
Hot wash at temperature of 70ºC
In each washing tank dipping time is about
12secs.

DRYING:
The dyed sheet is dried through drying cylinders,
heated with the help of saturated steam at temperature of
150ºC.
ACCUMULATOR:
The function of accumulator is to
store the yarn sheet in running condition when the size
beam is stopped due to any fault so that quality of the dyed
sheet in dye box may not damage.
Storage capacity 90m
Speed of 22m/min
Accumulation time 3mins

SIZING (2 tanks):
Warp yarns are sized with a protective coating of
water soluble, film forming macromolecule and a lubricant.
Size paste recipe is given by;

Maize starch 75Kg


PVA 4Kg
AVRN 30Kg
Softener 6Kg
Water 700L

DRYING:
The dyed sheet is dried through drying cylinders,
heated with the help of saturated steam at temperature of
150ºC.