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Missouri University of Science and Technology

Scholars' Mine
AISI-Specifications for the Design of Cold-Formed
Steel Structural Members

Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel


Structures

11-1-2006

Steel deck institute diaphragm design manual: third


edition
Larry D. Luttrell
University of Missouri--Rolla

Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/ccfss-aisi-spec


Part of the Structural Engineering Commons
Recommended Citation
Luttrell, Larry D., "Steel deck institute diaphragm design manual: third edition" (2006). AISI-Specifications for the Design of ColdFormed Steel Structural Members. Paper 82.
http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/ccfss-aisi-spec/82

This Technical Report is brought to you for free and open access by the Wei-Wen Yu Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures at Scholars' Mine. It has
been accepted for inclusion in AISI-Specifications for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members by an authorized administrator of Scholars'
Mine. For more information, please contact weaverjr@mst.edu.

ERRATA TO DIAPHRAGM DESICN MANUAL


THIRD EDITION
SEPTEMBER 2004
~

Location

Instead of

correction

414

Section 4.9.4,
first line In
first paragraph

resslstance

resistance

Al-2

Symbol for
Slip relaxation
constant

Al-2

Symbol for
Panel length

Al-2

Symbol for
Purlln or Joist spacing

Al-2

Symbol for Resisting


shear couples
at panel ends
and purllns

Alll-19

LRFD column

Sn=2132plf. .. ~PSn=0.80x2132plf
=1706plf {24.88kN/m}

Sn=l425plf.. -IPSn=0.80xl425plf
=1140plf {16.63kN/m}

Alll-19

ASD column

Sn10.=2132/2.00=1066plf {15.55kN/m}

Sn10.=142512.00=713plf { 10.40/cN/m}

Alll-25

Top LRFD column

IPSn=0.80x2130plf=l704plf{24.86kN/m}

IPSn=0.80x2050plf=l640plf {23.93kN/m}

Alll-25

Top ASD column

Sn1D.=213012.00=1065plf {15.54/cN/m}

Sn1D.=205012.00=1025plf {14.96/cN/m}

Alll-25

Paragraph
"To calculate
the stiffness of
the diaphragm, ... "

Alll-29

ASO portion

(See Appendix Alii, page Alll-21)

(See Appendix Alii, page Alll-23)

Alll-35

First paragraph

" ... on a 24/8 connection pattern


will be used which Is ... "

... on a 24/8 connection pattern


will be used, which Is...

Alll-71

First paragraph

... considering possible use of


3/41n. {19mm>. shear studs ...

... considering possible use of


3/41n. {19mm> shear studs ...

Alll-73

Second LRFD/
ASD portion

... and meet the requlre:rtd spacing.


However, .. :

... and meet the required spacing.


However, .. :

AIV-12

Heading of Table VII,


Table VIIM, Table VIII,
Table VIIIM

Add IP.,=0.5 0..,=3.0,


(same as to Table VI and VIM)

AIV-13

Heading of
Table IX, Table IXM

Add ~P.,=0.5 0..,=3.0,


(same as to Table VI and VI-M)

AIV-13

Table IX, XEDN19/


XEDNK22 column

1369, 1813 and 2287

1298, 1719 and 2168 respectively

Table IXM, XEDN19/


XEDNK22 column

6.09, 8.06 and 10.17

5.77, 7.65 and 9.65 respectively

second paragraph
from the bottom

"(rigid Insulating boards should


be held 3 ln. away from .. J"

"(rigid Insulating boards should


be held 3ft away from .. J"

AIV-13
AV-3

November 2006

DIAPHRAGM DESIGN MANUAL


THIRD EDITION
Appendix VI Addendum November 2006
HILTI PIN X-ENP-19 L15

Authored By

Dr. Larry Luttrell, P.E.


Revised and Adapted For

The ASD and LRFD methods


According to Table DS of the 2001 Edition of the North American
Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed steel structural Members
As modified by
The Supplement 2004 to the North American Specification for the Design of
Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members. 2001 Edition
By

Walter Schultz. P.E.


Dong Li, P.E.

r'

-.....

STEEL DECK
INSTITUTE

SCI

STEEL DECK INSTITUTE


P.O. Box25
Fox River Grove, Ill 60021-0025
Phone: (847} 458-4647
Fax: (847) 458-4648
www.sdi.org

USER INSTRUCTION

NOVEMBER 2006

Dear Specifier.
The SOl DDM03 Is updated With thiS Addenda with Hllti X-ENP19 fastener data.
The following steps can be followed:
-

Insert page AVI-S Of thiS Addenda in Section IV Of DDM03;

Replace Tables on pages AVI-9, AVI-10 and AVI-13 of DDM03 with the ones on the
corresponding pages AVI-7, AVI-8 and AVI-91n this Addenda;

Insert page AVI-12 of this Addenda In Appendix V of DDM03, after page AV-4;

Insert all X-ENP19 diaphragm load tables from this Addenda <page AVI-13 to AVI-24)
In Appendix AV of DDM03.

Thank you for updating your DDM03,


Steel Deck Institute

AVI2

November 2006

PACE
ADDENDA TO SECTION IV

AVI-S

ADDENDA TO APPENDIX IV

........................................................................................

ADDENDA TO APPENDIX V

........................................................................................ AVI-11

AVI-7

ADDITIONAL POWER DRIVEN FASTENERS


Refer to section 4.6, 4.9 and 4.10 for general instruction on power driven fasteners in shear,
tension and combined shear and tension.

Hilti XENP19 L15


!Applicable for 1/4 in. <6mml and thicker support steen
For 0.0280 ln. <0.71 mml s t s0.060 ln. {1.52mml

Qf = 56t (1-t), kip

{Q1 = 9.81t(l-t/25.4)l kN

{EQ. A-vl-1>

and

S = 0.75

in.
1OOOyf ' kip

:t

{ S _ 21.6 } mm
:t- JOOOyf 'kN

<EQ. A-vl-2>

where t =base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm}


For t<0.0280 in. <0.71 mml

Qf = 61.1t (l-4t), kip

{ Q1 = 10.7t(l-t/6.35)

<EQ. 4.6-5)

kN

and

S = 1.25

, in.
1OOOyf kip

:t

{S _

36

f - JOOOyf

} mm
'kN

<EQ. 4.6-6)

where t =base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm}


The general equation for nominal resistance of these pins In tension Is

Tnov =1.7tdw F u
where t Is the thickness of the deck sheet in contact with fastener head, ln.

d w Is the lesser of the actual diameter of the fastener washer <0.591 > or 112 ln.
F u Is the ultimate strength of the deck sheet, ksl

Diaphragm Tables with Hlltl X-ENP-19 L15 used as support fastener are listed hereafter.
General Notes of Appendix v <page AV-3> Is shown again on page AVI-11 for explanation of the
tables.

November 2006

AVIS

Table IV TYPICAL FASTENER VALUES NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH lOf & 0 51 & FLEXIBILITY lSf & S5 1

SUPPORT FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH


Qf, lbf I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER

28

5/8" puddle weld or equivalent


3/4 puddle weld or equivalent
16 gauge weld washer with 3/8" hole- E70XX
Buildex or ElcoTextron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX -12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (0.113" to 0.155" support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (0.155"to 0.25" support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (0.187" to 0.312" support steel)
Pneutek K66-series (0.281" & greater support steel)
Hilli X-ENP-19L15 (0.25' min. support steel)
Hilli ENP2 or ENPH2 (0.25" minimum support steel)
Hilli ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (0.125"to 0.375" support steel)

1199
652
594
629
642
725
729
621
822
856
763

26
1552
859
769
814
807
912
916
780
984
1015
914

24
2371
1325
1147
1215
1173
1325
1332
1134
1306
1321
1213

22

20

18

16

1739
2104

2088
2531

2710
3297

3346
4086

1016
1484
1572
1527
1711
1699
1814
1603
1590
1489

1233
1734
1837
1828
1973
2209
2251
1933
1874
1795

1633
2134
2260
2360
2403
2985
3101
2529
2347
2348

2060
2473
2620
2896
2812
3686
4076
3149
2780
2924

SUPPORT FASTENER FLEXIBILITY


St, in.JI(ip I Deck Thickness No.

28

TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER


5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
3/4" puddle weld or equivalent
16 gauge weld washer with 3/8" hole- E70XX
Buildex or ElcoTextron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (0.113" to 0.155" support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (0.155" to 0.25" support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (0.187" to 0.312" support steel)
Pneutek K66-series (0.281" & greater support steel)
Hilll X-ENP-19L15 (0.25' min. support steel)
Hilll ENP2 or ENPH2 (0.25" minimum support steel)
Hilli ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (0.125"to 0.375" support steel)

TYPE OF SIDE-LAP FASTENER


5/8" puddle weld or 1.5" long fillet weld
#8 screws
#10 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

0.0094
0.0107
0.0205
0.0205
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0061
0.0102
0.0102

26
0.0086
0.0097
0.0187
0.0187
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224
0.0056
0.0093
0.0093

24
0.0074
0.0084
0.0162
0.0162
0.0194
0.0194
0.0194
0.0194
0.0049
0.0081
0.0081

22

20

18

16

0.0067
0.0067

0.0061
0.0061

0.0053
0.0053

0.0047
0.0047

0.0076
0.0146
0.0146
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175
0.0044
0.0073
0.0073

0.0069
0.0132
0.0132
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159
0.0040
0.0066
0.0066

0.0060
0.0115
0.0115
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138
0.0034
0.0057
0.0057

0.0053
0.0102
0.0102
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123
0.0031
0.0051
0.0051

18

16

2033
891
1018
1151
1350

2510
1124
1284
1452
1703

SIDE-LAP FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH


Q5, lbf I Deck Thickness No.
26
24
20
28
22
280
320
362
424

337
384
435
510

449
513
580
681

1304
555
633
716
840

1566
673
769
869
1020

SIDE-LAP FASTENER FLEXIBILITY


Ss, in/Kip I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SIDE-LAP FASTENER
5/8" puddle weld or 1.5" long fillet weld
#8 screws
#10 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

November 2006

28
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246

AVI7

26
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224

24

22

20

18

16

0.0194
0.0194
0.0194
0.0194

0.0073
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175

0.0066
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159

0.0057
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138

0.0051
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123

Table IVM TYPICAL FASTENER VALUES NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH (0, & 0 5 ) & FLEXIBILITY (S, & S5 )

SUPPORT FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH


Qf, kN I Deck Thickness No.

28

TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER


16 mm puddle weld or equivalent
19 mm puddle weld or equivalent
1.5 mm weld washer with 10 mm hole - E70XX
Buildex and Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (3 mm to 4 mm support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (4 mm to 6 mm support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (5 mm to 8 mm support steel)
Pneutek K66-seriesj7 mm & greater support steel)
Hilti X-ENP-19l15 (6mm min. support steel)
Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 (6 mm minimum support steel)
Hilti ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (3 mm to 10 mm support steel)

5.50
2.92
2.66
2.80
2.87
3.24
3.26
2.77
3.69
3.82
3.41

24

26
6.96
3.76
3.37
3.56
3.54
4.00
4.02
3.42
4.36
4.47
4.03

10.55
5.79
5.02
5.30
5.13
5.80
5.83
4.96
5.78
5.81
5.34

22

20

18

16

7.80
9.33

9.27
11.11

12.11
14.57

14.83
17.90

4.56
6.60
6.97
6.81
7.63
7.59
8.07
7.18
7.08
6.63

5.48
7.65
8.07
8.07
8.72
9.73
9.89
8.57
8.27
7.91

7.30
9.47
9.99
10.49
10.68
13.27
13.73
11.29
10.41
10.42

9.13
10.92
11.52
12.77
12.42
16.26
17.85
13.93
12.26
12.86

SUPPORT FASTENER FLEXIBILITY

28

TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER


16 mm puddle weld or equivalent
19 mm puddle weld or equivalent
1.5 mm weld washer with 10 mm hole- E70XX
Buildex and Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (3 mm to 4 mm support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (4 mm to 6 mm support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (5 mm to 8 mm support steel)
Pneutek K66-series (7 mm & greater support steel)
Hilti X-ENP-19l15 (6mm min. support steel)
Hiltl ENP2 or ENPH2 (6 mm minimum support steel)
Hilti ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (3 mm to 10 mm. support steel)

0.0537
0.0607
0.1166
0.1166
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400
0.0350
0.0584
0.0584

26
0.0493
0.0558
0.1072
0.1072
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286
0.0322
0.0537
0.0537

Sf, mmJkN I Deck Thickness No.


24
22
20
0.0427
0.0483
0.0928
0.0928
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114
0.0279
0.0465
0.0465

18

16

0.0382
0.0382

0.0349
0.0349

0.0302
0.0302

0.0270
0.0270

0.0432
0.0830
0.0830
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997
0.0249
0.0416
0.0416

0.0394
0.0758
0.0758
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910
0.0227
0.0379
0.0379

0.0341
0.0656
0.0656
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788
0.0197
0.0329
0.0329

0.0305
0.0587
0.0587
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705
0.0176
0.0294
0.0294

SIDE-LAP FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH


Os, kN I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SIDELAP FASTENER
16 mm puddle weld or 38 mm fillet weld
#8 screws
#10 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

28
1.25
1.43
1.62
1.90

26
1.48
1.69
1.91
2.24

24

22

20

18

16

1.97
2.26
2.55
2.99

5.85
2.47
2.82
3.19
3.74

6.95
2.96
3.38
3.83
4.49

9.08
3.95
4.51
5.10
5.99

11.1
4.94
5.64
6.38
7.48

SIDE-LAP FASTENER FLEXIBILITY


Ss, mmJkN I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SIDELAP FASTENER
16 mm puddle weld or 38 mm fillet weld
#8 screws
#10 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

28
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400

AVIB

26
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286

24

22

20

18

16

0.1114
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114

0.0416
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997

0.0379
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910

0.0329
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788

0.0294
O.D705
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705

November 2006

Table IX HILTI FASTENER IN TENSION

Tn1 lbfl11
Hilti Fastener Type I Fastener Washer Diameter, in.
X-ENP-19L15
X-EDN191 X-EDNK22
~hickness ENP2/ ENPH2/ ENP2K
in.
0.591
0.474
0.591
Deck

0.0295
0.0358
0.0474
0.0598
111Tnaw= 1.7 t

1128
1369
1813
2287

1070
1298
1719
2168

1128
1369
1813
2287

dw F1 per this manual, page 4-14, section 4.9.3

Table IXM HILTI FASTENER IN TENSION

Tn, kN
Deck
Hilti Fastener Type I Fastener Washer Diameter, mm
X-ENP-19L15
Thickness ENP2/ ENPH2/ ENP2K
X-EDN191 X-EDNK22
12
15
in.
15

0.75
0.91
1.20
1.52

November 2006

5.02
6.09
8.06
10.17

4.76
5.77
7.65
9.65

5.02
6.09
8.06
10.17

AVI9

LOAD TABLES
THE LOAD TABLES ARE SHOWING NOMINAL STRENGTH VALUES. THE VALUES MUST NOT BE USED
WITHOUT APPLYING THE PROPER SAFETY OR RESISTANCE FACTOR.
LRFD

ASD

The values of the load tables must be


multiplied by a resistance factor <number
smaller than or equal to 0.70> when comparing
to forces evaluated using Load and Resistance
Factor Design.

The values of the load tables must be


divided by a safety factor <number larger than
or equal to 2.35> when comparing to forces
evaluated using Allowable stress Design.

The following load tables are for typical panel configurations and connector types. Specific
design applications may dictate an arrangement. not listed, which would require the designer to
make direct use of the strength and stiffness formulas shown in sections 1 through 5.
The tables are arranged showing the fastener types. safety factor and resistance factor at the
top along with the fastener patterns as defined In Appendix IV. For each steel base sheet metal design
thickness given, nominal shear strengths are listed under the specific span lengths. The column
"SIDE-LAP CONN./SPAN" shows the number of connectors between structural supports at the sheet
edge. For example, "5" would represent six even spaces or stitch fasteners at 12 ln. on center within
a 6 ft deck span.
Nominal diaphragm shears due to panel buckling are tabulated at the bottom of the pages to
check whether the panel buckling governs over connector strength for diaphragm design. The
asterisk (*) In the strength table Indicates the potential of panel buckling governing over connector
strength under a certain type of lateral load. The tables were done In this manner because of the
different safety or resistance factors that apply to connector strength and panel buckling.
For roof deck and composite floor deck. the steel yield point Is taken at 33 ksl; form deck yield
strength Is taken at so ksl. Structural concrete strength Is 3000 psi. and the densities are 145 pcf and
110 pcf for normal weight and light weight concrete respectively. Though design tables show
side-lap stitch welds for all thickness listed, they are not recommended for design thickness of
0.0295 ln. and less.
The Dxx-values are the warping constants for the particular connector pattern and panel
profile. They may be substituted directly Into the G' stiffness equation In Appendix IV. Dxx-values.
K2-, K3-, and K4-values are listed in Appendix IV. K1-values are found with the appropriate load table.
The tables for structural concrete filled deck are for 1.5 ln., 2 ln. and 3 ln. composite deck
attached with a 36/4 pattern. The values would not appreciably change for 24 ln. wide deck attached
with a 24/3 pattern. The concrete thickness above the deck Is 2.5 ln. as a minimum.
The load tables for 9/161n. form decks are shown with structural concrete fill of minimum 2.51n.
cover or with Insulating concrete assembled as lYPe 1and lYPe II attached at a baste 30/4 pattern. lYPe I
decks have 2.5 ln. of Insulating concrete above the deck. lYPe II decks have Insulating concrete poured to
the top of the steel deck; Next, rigid Insulating boards of expanded polystyrene. having about 2% of the
area containing holes, are embedded Into the Insulating concrete with the excess concrete moving Into
the holes <rigid Insulating boards should be held 3 ft away from diaphragm shear resisting lines>: Finally
a topping layer of 2 ln. or more of Insulating concrete is placed above the rigid insulating board. The
strength of the Insulating concrete Is taken asf'c = 125 psi.
There may be shaded values or no values on portions of a load table. The shaded values do
not comply with the minimum spacing for side-lap connections and shall not be used except with
properly spaced side-lap connections. The shaded areas will be the rows foro side-lap connection and
are shown for reference. A conservative approach to get nominal shear for diaphragms with button
punched side-laps Is to use the values from the o side-lap connection rows.
November 2006

AVI11

TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR DIAPHRAGM LOAD TABLES


STANDARD ROOF DECK
DECK
TYPE

SIDE-LAP
CONNECnON

FASTENING
PATTERN

FRAME FASTENER
HILn
XENP-19 L15

1 1/2"
ROOF #10 SCREWS
DECK

36/9
36/5
36/4
36/3
3016
3014
30/3

AVI-13
thur
AVI-16

3"
ROOF #10 SCREWS
DECK

24/4

AVI-17

STANDARD FORM DECK (Side-lap Coanecuon #10 SCrews)


DEC I
TYPE

TYPE OF
FILL

WITHOUT
9/16"
FILL
X
2 1/2"
FORM
N.W. & L.W.
DECK
CONCRETE
TYPE I & T II
INSULATING
CONCRETE

FASTENING
PATTERN

FRAME FASTENER
HILn
XEIP19L15

35/8
3617
3616

36/5
3617
30/5
30/4

AVI-18
AVI-19
AVI-20

30/4
30/4

STANDARD COMPOSITE DECI (SUpport Fasteler Pattern 36/4)


DECI
TYPE

SIDE-LAP TYPE OF
CIIIECl COICRTE

NONE
(MULTIPLE
FASTENER
11ffx6
LAYOUT)
#10
~X 12"
NORMAL
3 X 12" SCREWS WEIGHT
CONCRETE
(2 1/2.
COVER)

FUMEFAS'TEIER
Hlln
XEIP11 L15

AVI-21
thru
AVI-24

AV112

1.5 IWI, II, Nil


t =deslga tllkuess =0.0295
SUPPORT FASlENING: Hlltl XENP19 L15 10.25 1111. support steen
SIDEW FASlENING: #10 screws

<I> IEQ): 0.65


IWIND): 0.70
<1> IOtller): 0.65

cj>

~2

'~

U lEO): 2.50
IWIND): 2.35
IOtller): 2.50

FASTENER
LAYOUT

36/9

36n

3615

36/4

30/6

3014

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

2060
2160

1650
1765
1870
1970

1050
1220
1380

1065
1145
1210
1265
955
1130
1300
1455
1595
1730
1850
865
1005
1125
1230
1320
1395
1460

970
1055
1125
1185
815
985
1140
1280
1415
1545
1660
765
895
1015
1120
1210
1290
1360

890
975
1050
1110
710
870
1010

1020
1110
1190
1265

1500
1605
1705
1805
700
840
975

820
900

975
1045
625
765
910
1030
1145
1260
1365
605
730
835
935
1025
1105
1180

1370
1470
1565
1660
625
755
880

755
835
910
980

510
610
700
780

560
685

565

815

670

615
715
810
910

775

880
980
1070

795
880

1025
1100

960
1030

995

740
820
895

690

645

770
840

720
790

965

910

860

0.279
0.245
0.219
0.197

DEaH SIUI SIIOn UGft . , I.Mlll IY SIIEAIIIUCIUII. S& TIIU IELOW.


TIE SIIAIEI YALIES II liT CO..-t.Y WITI TIE SPACIII IEGUIIEIEITS FOI SIIE-lAP COIIECTIIIS All SIIAU. liT USED EICEPT WITI PIOPULY
SPM:U SIDE-lAP COIIBTIIIS.

<I>

DECK
PROFILE

114/ft

NR
IR
WR

0.099
0.108
0.152

3.8
4130
4410
5695

1111:

lldlil): 0.10

lldllll): 100

IOIIIIAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PAIEL BUCKLI18 ($1 ), PlF I SPAll, FT


3.5
4.5
5.0
5.5
u
4.0
L5
1485
1225
1030
3035
1835
880
2320
1585
1310
3240
1100
935
2480
1960
4185
1695
2530
2050
1420
1210
3205

,g .......

.............. ,.......... '--Jc- ....... (111111111 ......... /Q(BI-t. ....................


..__, < ...... I+ IH ..., ...._. ... ...._.. ClllliiiJ a ....... lldllll ......_ S.J

LIFI ............... Cf&t~M_...

7.0

755
810
1045

1.5 lWR, IR, NRJ


t =design thickness =0.0358"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hiltl X-ENP-19 l15 (0.25" min. support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws

If> (EQ):
If> lWIND):
If> (Other):

0.65
0.70
0.65

(EQl: 2.50
(WIND): 2.35
(Other): 2.50
Q

Q
Q

FASTENER
LAYOUT

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

1995
2130
2255
2380
960
1140
1305
1460
1610
1750
1885
875
1030
1170
1300
1420
1525
1620
670
820
955
1075
1180
1265
1345
860
1050
1220
1380
1535
1680
1815
820
970
1110
1230
1340
1440
1525

1810
1940
2060
2180
850
1020
1175
1320
1460
1590
1715
785
930
1190
1305
1410
1505
595
745
875
990
1090
1180
1260
760
930
1095
1245
1385
1520
1650
735
880
1010
1130
1235
1335
1425

1655
1775
1895
2005
760
915
1065
1200
1330
1455
1575
700
850
975
1090
1200
1305
1400
530
680
800
910
1010
1100
1185
680
835
985
1130
1265
1390
1515
660
800
925
1040
1145
1240
1330

1250
1390
1520
1635

1165
1285
1400

1075
1185
1295.

1000
1100.
1205.
1305.
1410.

930
1025.
1125.

825
965
1100
1220

755
880
1010
1130

1010
1115

935
1035

875
970

81
91

760
855

845
945
1030
1110

785
880
970
1045

635
735
825
910
990

585
690
775
860
935

645
735
810
885

605
695
770
840

755
895
1035
1160

685
815
945
1070

750
865
985

695
800
910

645

600
695
795

735
855
960
1065
1160
1245

670
790
895
990
1085
1170

735
835
930
1015
1100

680
780
870
955
1035

630
730
820
905
980

590
685
775
855
930

650
745
845

0.169
0.155
0.143
0.133
0.349
0.294
0.254
0.223
0.199
0.180
0.164

0.284
0.246
0.217
0.195
0.465
0.385
0.328
0.286
0.254
0.228
0.207
0.523
0.424
0.356
0.307
0.270
0.241
0.217

* DESIGN SHUR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECnONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNEcnONS.

If>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
lA
WR

in4/ ft
0.128
0.139
0.198

4.0
3255
3465
4515

lBuckltngl: 0.80

lBuckllngl: 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 1 ), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
4.5
5.0
6.5
7.0
5.5
6.0
2570
1445
1230
1060
925
2085
1720
1540
1310
2735
1130
985
1830
2215
3570
2005
1710
1475
1285
2890
2390

8.0

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Slrenglll (Service Applied Load) <:o Minimum [Nominal Sll Strength I Q (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buc:tling Strengtll S1 / Q (Buc:tling)]
LRFD Required Strengtll (factored Applied Load) < Millimum [cp (EQ or WIND) 1 Nomiaal Shear Slrenglll, tjl (Bac:tling) 1 Nominal Buc:tllng Slrengtll 51)

AVI14

November 2006

1.5 fWR, IR, NRJ


t =design thickness =0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hllti X-ENP-19 l15 (0.25" min. support steen
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws

(EQJ: 0.65
<j> (WINDJ: 0.70
<1> (other}: 0.65

(EQ}: 2.50
(WINDJ: 2.35
lOtherJ: 2.50
Q

<I>

Q
Q

FASTENER
LAYOUT

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

2170
2330
2485
2635
1000
1205
1400
1575
1750
1915
2070
925
1110
1280

1090
1275
1445
1605

1
1

1540
1700
1855

1425
1570
1715

1325
1460
1595

1235
1360
1490.

1070
1230
1380

990
1135
1285

920
1060
1195

860
990
1115

1200.
1315.

810
930
1050

760

765
885
1005

720
830
945

1
1

1200
1330
1450
1555
895
1100
1305
1485
1660
1830
1990
870
1050
121
1365
1505
1630
1750

840
965
1085

1110
1240

995
1180
1360
1525

910
1080
1245
1405

1
1

1265
1395
1520
1635

1175
1305
1425
1535

965
1095
1220
1335
1445

595
705
820

780
905
1020

1025
1145
1260
1365

850
990
1125

925
1050

745
865
985

700
815
930

835
965
1080
1185
1290

905
1020
1125
1225

850
965
1065
1160

800
915
1015
1105

0.195
0.178
0.165
0.153
0.401
0.338
0.292
0.257
0.229
0.207
0.189
0.482
0.393
0.332
0.288
0.253
0.227
0.205
0.602
0.470
0.385
0.327
0.283
0.250
0.224
0.535
0.443
0.378
0.329
0.292
0.262
0.238
0.602
0.488
0.410
0.354
0.311
0.277
0.250

DESIDII SHEAR SHOWII ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLIIIB. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO IIOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACIIIB REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP COIINECnONS AIID SHALL lOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDiiLAP COIIIIECnOIIS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR
IOTE:

in4/H

5.0

0.181
0.196
0.284

3335
3540
4675

(BUCkling): 0.80

(IUCkllngJ: 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


6.5
8.5
5.5
6.0
7.0
7.5
8.0
1300
1155
1970
1700
1480
2755
2315
1225
2925
2460
2095
1805
1570
1380
1615
2075
1825
3865
3245
2765
2385

ASD RII!Uired Strengtll (SM'Yice Applied Load) <- Minimum (luminal Shear Strengtll/ Q (EQ ar WIIID), Nominal Baa:kling Streagtll S1 / Q (Buckllag)J
LRFD Rtt~alred Streagtll (Fit:tared AIIPHecl Load) <= Minimum (cp (EQ ar WIND) I llomlnal Shear Slrelgtll, (Buckllng)xllomlaal Bua:kllag Strenglll S,J

November 2006

AVI15

9.0
1030
1090
1440

15 fWR, IR, NR)


t =design thidness =0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hiltl XENP-19 L15 (0.25" min. support steen
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<j>
<1>

(EQ): 2.50
(WIND): 2.35
(Other): 2.50

<j> fEQ): 0.65


fWINDJ: 0.70
(Other): 0.65

1430
1565.
1700.
1835.

1350.
1480.
1610.
1735.

1040
1175

985
1115

FASTENER
LAYOUT

36/9

36/7

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

36/5

36/4

30/6

1895
2110
2305
2490
2665
2835

1940
2135
2315
2485
2645

1790
1975
2160
2325
2480

1665
1835
2010
2180
2330

1555
1715
1875
2035
2195.

1455
1610
1760
1910.
2060.

1370
1515
1655
1800.
1940.

1250
1465

1345

1245
1430
1610

1160
1330
1500

1085
1245
1405

1015
1170
1320

955

1025
1185
1330

960
1115
1255

905
1050
1190

990
1125

940
1065

845
980

800
925

1
1210
1325

1155
1265

1535
1705
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

1245
1445
1635

980
1135
1280

910
1070
1205

850
1010
1140

800
950
1085

750
895
1030

1155
1335
1520

1070
1245
1415

1000
1160
1325

940
1090
1240

885

1575
1710

1050
1210
1350
1485
1615

1405
1535

1335
1455

1270
1385

30/4
5
6

1780
1925

1675
1810

0.219
0.200
0.185
0.172
0.451
0.380
0.328
0.289
0.258
0.233
0.212
0.541
0.442
0.373
0.323
0.285
0.255
0.230
0.676
0.528
0.433
0.367
0.318
0.281
0.252
0.601
0.498
0.424

0.311
0.281

* DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLINB. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECnONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECnONS.
<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

fBuclllngl: 0.80

(Buckling): 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, n

in4/ It

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

9.5

10.0

0.226
0.245
0.355

3255
3460
4570

2775
2950
3895

2390
2540
3355

2085
2215
2925

1830
1945
2570

1620
1725
2275

1445
1535
2030

1300
1380
1820

1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Mlnfm1m [Nominal Shear Strength/ Q (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckliag Slrength S1 / Q (Buckliag))
LRFD Required S1renglll (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [cp (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strenglll, cp (Buckling) x luminal Buckling Strength S1 )

AVI16

November 2006

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti X-ENP-19 L15 IG.25" min. support steell
SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDE-LAP
CONNJSPAN

24/4

0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

8.0

415
495
575
655
730
805
870
930
990
1050

24/4

0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12

FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDELAP
CONNJSPAN

24/4

0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13

3io

390
465
540
615
690
760
825
885
945
1000

2035

440
510
580
650
720
780
840
900
955

9.0
p

1605

1800

'

FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDE-LAP
CONNJSPAN

24/4

0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13

445
530
615
705
790
875
945
1020
1085
1220

505
585
665
745
825
900
970
1035
1165

2260

2025

,,..,

415
485
550
615
685
745
800
855
910

395
460
520
585
650
710
765
820
870

375
435
495
560
620
680
735
785
835

IEOI: 2.50

360
415
475
530
590
650
700
750
800

345
400
455
510
565
620
675
720
770

330
380
435
490
540
595
645
695
740

985

905

K1

0.713
0.456
0.387
0.335
0.296
0.265
0.240
0.219
0.202
0.187
0.174

1440

1300

1180

1075

480
555
630
710
785
860
925
990
1115

455
530
600
675
750
820
885
950
1070

435
505
575
645
715
785
850
910
1030

415
485
550
615
685
750
815
875
990

400
465
525
590
655
720
785
840
950

445
505
565
630
690
750
810
915

425
485
545
605
665
725
780
885

1170

1080

K1

0.785
0.502
0.426
0.369
0.326
0.292
0.264
0.242
0.222
0.206
0.179

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF

10.0

1830

1660

1510

1380

1270

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH PLF I= design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
10.5
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
..

576
665
755
850
940
1035
1120
1200
1280
1430

sso

K1

540
615
695
770
845
920
995
1065
1195

520
595
670
740
815
885
960
1025
1155

0.903
0.490
0.425
0.375
0.336
0.304
0.278
0.256
0.237
0.221
0.194

1635

1520

600
695
795
890
985
1085
1170
1250
1330
1490

2985

2710

11.0

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness = 0.0598 in.


SPAN, FT
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5

635
725
815
900
990
1075
1155
1230
1375

525
610
695
780
865
950
1035
1110
1185
1325

14.0

630
730
835
935
1035
1135
1220
1305
1390
1550

585
665
750
830
910
990
1070
1140
1280

565
640
720
795
875
955
1030
1100
1235

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF

2465

2255

2075

1910

1765

15.0

K1

635
720
810
900
985
1075
1165
1250
1405

610
695
785
870
955
1040
1125
1210
1365

1.015
0.550
0.477
0.422
0.378
0.342
0.312
0.287
0.266
0.248
0.218

2000

1865

..

"l/

715
835
950
1065
1185
1300
1410
1510
1605
1795

585
800
910
1020
1135
1245
1350
1450
1545
1730

3475

3175

I (ln4/fl)

1.295

IEOI: 0.65

'~

I (in4/ft)

1.036

<j>

Q !other!: 2.50 <j> !WIND!: 0.70 Q !WIND!: 2.35

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I = design thickness = 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
iffillilii4~
,,;~--~
" U~J
' '

9.5

I (in4/fl)

0.714

Q !Buckling!: 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF

0.551

SIDELAP
CONNJSPAN

!Buckling!: 0.80
<j> !other!: 0.65

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I = design thickness = 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
8.5
'
,~-!t~Jl-1
f"'"'IDIIf'"

I (in4!fl)

FASTENER
LAYOUT

<j>

660
765
870
980
1085
1195
1300
1395
1485
1665

735
835
940
1040
1145
1250
1345
1435
1605

705
805
905
1000
1100
1200
1295
1380
1550

680
775
870
965
1060
1155
1250
1335
1500

655
745
840
930
1020
1115
1205
1290
1450

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF

2920

2690

2485

2305

2145

DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
IOTE: ASD Raqtlred ~ ISenice Applied load)<= IIIII.. [lollll Sllear Slreagth I 0 IEQ or WilD), lomhtalllcklill Slreaglll S./ Q lllt:tllag))
LRFD Req~ll'ld StrelgiiiiFaclared Applied Lolli) <= Millmum [4j)IEQ ar WilD) 1 lomilll Sllw Slreaglh, tlllacklilg) 1 Ra11inalllctliq Slrenglll 51)
November 2006

AVI17

<f> IEOl: 0.&5


<f> IWINDl: 0.70
<f> lotherl: 0.&5

9/1&" 121/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149''
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti X-ENP-19 L151D.25" min. support steel!
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
35/8
2
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
NO FILL
1
(BARE DECK)
35/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/7
2
3
4
0
1
30/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
21/2'
1
30/4
NWCONC.
2
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
21/2'
1
30/4
LW CONC.
2
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
1
30/4
TYPE I
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4
0
1
30/4
TYPE II
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4

Q IEOl: 2.50
Q IWINDl: 2.35
Q lotherl: 2.50

<f> !FILlED, EQl: 0.50


<f> !FilLED, WIND!: 0.50
<f> !FilLED, other!:

o.so

Q !FILlED, EOl: 3.25


Q !FilLED, WIND!: 3.25
Q !FILLED, other!: 3.25

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

1360
1470
1555
1620
1675
1250
1335
1400
1450
1490
890
950
990
1020
1040
1290
1415
1510
1585
1645
950
1040
1100
1145
1180
765
830
870
900
915
6125
6445
6765
7085
7405
4460
4780
5100
5420
5740
1665
1985
2305
2625
2945
1935
2255
2575
2895
3215

1055
1175
1280
1365
1440
1000
1100
1185
1255
1315
735
815
875
925
960
985
1115
1225
1320
1400
750
855
940
1005
1055
625
710
770
815
850
5715
5930
6145
6355
6570
4055
4265
4480
4695
4905
1260
1475
1685
1900
2115
1530
1740
1955
2170
2380

850
960
1060
1150
1235
815
915
1005
1080
1150
610
695
765
825
870
785
900
1010
1105
1190
610
710
800
870
935
520
605
675
730
775
5515
5675
5835
5995
6155
3850
4010
4170
4330
4490
1055
1215
1375
1535
1695
1325
1485
1645
1805
1965

700
805
895.
985.
1065.
680
775
860.
935.
1005.
515
600
670
735
785
645
750
845.
940.
1020.
505
600
685
760
825.
435
520
595
655
700
5390
5520
5650
5775
5905
3730
3855
3985
4110
4240
935
1065
1190
1320
1445
1205
1330
1460
1585
1715

595.
685.
770.
855.
930.
580.
665.
745.
820.
890.
445
525
595.
655.
710.
545
640.
725.
810.
890.
430
520
595.
670.
735.
375
455
525
585.
635.
5310
5415
5525
5630
5735
3645
3755
3860
3965
4075
855
960
1065
1175
1280
1120
1230
1335
1440
1550

520.
600.
675.
750.
820.
505.
585.
655.
725.
790.
390
460.
530.
590.
640.
475.
555.
635.
710.
785.
375
455.
525.
595.
655.
330
400
470.
525.
580.
5255
5345
5435
5525
5620
3590
3680
3770
3865
3955
795
885
980
1070
1160
1065
1155
1245
1340
1430

455.
530.
600.
670.
735.
450.
520.
585.
650.
710.
345.
415.
475.
530.
585.
415.
490.
560.
630.
700.
330.
400.
470.
535.
590.
290
360.
420.
475.
530.
5210
5290
5370
5450
5530
3545
3625
3705
3785
3865
750
830
910
990
1070
1020
1100
1180
1260
1340

K1
0.203
0.174
0.152
0.136
0.122
0.216
0.184
0.160
0.142
0.127
0.295
0.238
0.199
0.172
0.151
0.270
0.227
0.196
0.173
0.154
0.360
0.288
0.240
0.206
0.180
0.405
0.316
0.259
0.220
0.191
0.405
0.316
0.259
0.220
0.191
0.405
0.316
0.259
0.220
0.191
0.405
0.316
0.259
0.220
0.191
0.405
0.316
0.259
0.220
0.191

* DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNE&nONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SE&nON 5.4.

<f> IBackllagl:

Q IBaclllagl: 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 1 ), PLF I SPAN, FT

TYPE OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

ln4/ ft

1.0

NO FILL

ALL

0.011

4465

o.ao

I 3.0 L 3.5 I 4.0


l 495 l 365 I 275
NOTE: ASD Required Strtngtll (Sei'Yice AppUed Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strtngth I Q (EQ or WilD), Nominal Buckling Slrengtll S Q (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum !+ (EQ or WIND) I Nnminal Shear Strength, +(Buckling) I Nominal Buckling Slrengtll S

I
I

1.5

1985

l
I

2.0

1115 j

2.5

715

1/

1)

AVI-18

November 2006

9/16 121/2" FORM DECX


t =design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti XENP-19 L15 10.25u mla. support steell
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
35/8
2
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
NO FILL
1
(BARE DECK)
35/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/7
2
3
4
0
1
2
30/5
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
2 1/2'
1
NW CONC.
30/4
2
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
2 1/2'
1
LW CONC.
30/4
2
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
1
TYPE I
30/4
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4
0
1
TYPE II
30/4
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4

1.5
1265
1410
1530
1635
1725
1195
1320
1420
1505
1575
880
975
1050
1105
1150
1180
1335
1470
1580
1680
900
1025
1125
1205
1265
750
850
925
980
1015
5875
6135
6390
6645
6900
4215
4470
4725
4980
5240
1420
1675
1935
2190
2445
1690
1945
2200
2455
2715

cj> IEOI: 0.65

Q IEOI: 2.50

cj> !FILLED, EOI: 0.50

Q IFIUED, EOI: 5.25

cj> IWINDI: 0.70


cj> lotllerl: 0.65

Q IWINDI: 2.55
Q Iother!: 250

cj> !FILLED, WIND!: 050


cj> !FILLED, otllerl: 050

Q !FILLED, WIND!: 5.25


Q IFIUED, other!: 5.25

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
620.
545.
1015
840
715
825.
715.
635.
1150
960
720.
1075.
925.
810.
1270
1180.
1025.
900.
800.
1380
1275.
1115.
985.
880.
1480
605.
535.
975
815
695
800.
700.
620.
925
1095
895.
790.
700.
1205
1030
985.
870.
780.
1125.
1295
1210.
1065.
950.
855.
1380
730
620
535
465
415
555.
495.
720
625
835
635.
570.
805
710
920
785.
705.
640.
985
880
850.
770.
700 *
1040
940
565.
500.
770
655
935
665.
765 *
1080
900
590 *
870 *
760 *
675 *
1210
1015
970 *
1125 *
1325
850 *
755 *
1065 *
1225 *
1425
940 *
835 *
605
515
730
450
395
480.
545 *
850
720
620
630 *
955
820
715
565 *
910
800 *
710 *
640 *
1045
880.
1120
990
785 *
710 *
620
525
450
395
350
545
430 *
725
625
480
710
630
560 *
505 *
810
875
785
700
630 *
570 *
765 *
840
695 *
635 *
930
5635
5490
5390
5320
5270
5640
5520
5825
5430
5365
5795
5645
5540
6020
5460
6210
5950
5775
5650
5555
6105
6405
5905
5760
5655
3970
3825
3725
3660
3605
3980
3855
3765
4160
3700
4130
3985
3875
4355
3800
4545
4285
4110
3985
3895
4740
4440
4240
4095
3990
935
1175
1030
865
810
1060
1370
1185
975
910
1340
1190
1560
1085
1005
1755
1490
1320
1195
1100
1945
1645
1445
1305
1195
1445
1300
1200
1135
1080
1640
1455
1330
1240
1175
1605
1350
1830
1460
1275
1585
1460
1760
1370
2020
2215
1915
1715
1570
1465

4.5
490.
570.
645.
720.
795.
480.
555.
630.
705.
775.
370.
445.
515.
580.
640 *
440 *
525 *
605 *
680 *
755 *
355 *
435 *
505 *
580.
645 *
315
385 *
455 *
520 *
580 *
5230
5315
5400
5485
5570
3565
3650
3735
3820
3905
770
855
940
1030
1115
1040
1125
1210
1295
1380

K1
0.222
0.191
0.167
0,.149
0.134
0.237
0.202
0.175
0.155
0.139
0.323
0.261
0.219
0.188
0.165
0.296
0.249
0.215
0.189
0.169
0.395
0.316
0.263
0.226
0.197
0.444
0.347
0.284
0.241
0.209
0.444
0.347
0.284
0.241
0.209
0.444
0.347
0.284
0.241
0.209
0.444
0.347
0.284
0.241
0.209
0.444
0.347
0.284
0.241
0.209

* DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMmR CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

TYPE OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

in4 / ft

NO FILL

ALL

O.D13

cj> IBackDngl: 0.80


Q IBuckDngl: 2.00
NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT
1.5
I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I 4.0 I 4.5
470 I
930 I
645 I
360 I
285
2580 l 1450 I

NOTE: ASO Required Strengiii(Servlce Applied Load) <= Mlaimum [Nominal Sh. . Strengtll/ 0 (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S1 / 0 (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strenglll (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strenglll, (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strenglll S1)

l+

November 2006

AVI19

cj> IEOI: 0.65


cj> IWINDI: 010

Q !FILLED, EOI: 3.25


!FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
cp lotherl: 0.65 Q lotherl: 2.50 cp !FILLED, otberl: 0.50 Q !FILLED, otllerl: 3.25

9/16'' 1 21/2'' FORM DECK

t =design thickness =0.0239"

SUPPORT FASTENING: Hiltf X-ENP-19 115 IG.25" min. support steel!


SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
35/8
2
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
NO FILL
1
(BARE DECK)
35/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/7
2
3
4
0
1
30/5
2
3
4
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
0
2 1/2'
1
NW GONG.
30/4
2
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
2 1/2"
1
LW GONG.
30/4
2
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
1
TYPE I
30/4
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4
0
1
TYPE II
30/4
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4

Q IEOI: 2.50

Q IWINDI: 2.35

cj> !FILLED, EOI: 0.50


cj> !FILLED, WINDI: 0.50

MAXIMUM NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.5

2.0

3.0

1115
1280
1430
1570
1695.
1080
1230
1370
1495
1605
820
955
1070
1170
1250
1025
1195
1350
1495
1630.
805
955
1090
1210
1315
695
830
945
1040
1120
5680
5885
6090
6295
6500
4015
4220
4425
4630
4835
1220
1425
1635
1840
2045
1490
1695
1900
2105
2310

1350
1530
1690
1835
1965
1295
1455
1600
1725
1830
970
1110
1220
1310
1385
1245
1435
1605
1760
1895
965
1130
1270
1390
1485
825
965
1075
1165
1235
5875
6130
6385
6645
6900
4210
4465
4720
4980
5235
1415
1670
1930
2185
2440
1685
1940
2195
2455
2710

950
1095
1230.
1360.
1480.
925
1060
1190.
1310.
1415.
705
835
945
1045
1130.
870
1015
1160.
1290.
1415.
685
825
950
1065
1170.
595
725
835
930
1015
5550
5720
5890
6065
6235
3885
4055
4230
4400
4570
1095
1265
1435
1605
1775
1360
1530
1705
1875
2045

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

825.
950.
1075.
1195.
1310.
805
930.
1045.
1160.
1260.
620
735
840.
935.
1025.
750
885.
1010.
1130.
1250.
595
720
840.
945.
1045.
520
640
745
840.
920.
5460
5605
5750
5900
6045
3795
3940
4085
4235
4380
1000
1145
1295
1440
1585
1270
1415
1560
1710
1855

725.
845.
955.
1065.
1170.
710.
825.
930.
1035.
1135.
550
655.
755.
850.
930.
660.
780.
895.
1005.
1115.
525
640.
750.
850.
945.
465
570
670.
760.
840.
5390
5515
5645
5775
5900
3725
3855
3980
4110
4240
930
1060
1190
1315
1445
1200
1330
1455
1585
1715

650.
755.
860.
960.
1055.
635.
740.
840.
935.
1025.
495
590.
685.
770.
855.
590.
700.
805.
905.
1005.
470
575.
675.
770.
855.
415
515.
605.
695.
770.
5335
5450
5565
5675
5790
3670
3785
3900
4015
4125
880
990
1105
1220
1335
1145
1260
1375
1490
1600

585.
685.
775.
870.
960.
575.
670.
765.
850.
940.
445.
540.
625.
705.
785.
530.
630.
725.
820.
910.
420.
520.
615.
700.
785.
375
470.
555.
635.
710.
5290
5395
5495
5600
5700
3630
3730
3835
3935
4040
835
935
1040
1140
1245
1105
1205
1310
1410
1515

K1
0.257
0.220
0.193
0.172
0.155
0.274
0.233
0.203
0.179
0.161
0.373
0.301
0.253
0.217
0.191
0.342
0.288
0.249
0.219
0.195
0.456
0.365
0.304
0.261
0.228
0.513
0.401
0.328
0.278
0.241
0.513
0.401
0.328
0.278
0.241
0.513
0.401
0.328
0.278
0.241
0.513
0.401
0.328
0.278
0.241
0.513
0.401
0.328
0.278
0.241

* DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLINO. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION SA.

cj> IBUckllngl: 0.80


Q IBIKkllngl: 2.00
NOMINALDIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

TYPE OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

in4/ ft

2.0

NO FILL

ALL

0.017

2205

I
I

I 4.0 I 4.5 I 5.0


I 550 I 435 I 350
NOTE: ASD Required Slnngtll (Sanice Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal She Slnngtll/ Q (EQ ar WIND), Nominal Buckling Slnngtlt S Q (Buckling))
LRFD Required Slnngtb (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum l+ (EQ or WIND) 1 Nominal Slle StreRglh, +(Buckling) 1 Nominal Buckling SlreRglh S1]
2.5

1410

I
I

3.0

98o

I
I

3.5

720

1 /

AVI20

November 2006

<j> IEQJ: 0.65


<j> IWINDl: 0.70
<j> lotherl: 0.65

COMPOSITE DECK

t =design thickness =0.0295"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Hiltl X-ENP-19 L15 ID.2S" min. support steel!

Q IEQl: 2.50
Q IWINDl: 2.35
Q lotherl: 150

<j> !FILLED, EOl: 0.50


<j> !FILlED, WIND!: 0.50
<j> !FILlED, Other!: 0.50

Q !FILLED, EQl: US
Q !FILlED, WIND!: US
Q !FILLED, Other!: US

SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws


TYPE
OF
FILL

1 1/2' X 6'
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

36/4

(BARE DECK)

2' X 12'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

3' X 12'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

2 1/2'
NW CONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2'
LW CONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

SIDELAP
CONNJSPAN
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8

1050
1110
1215
540
680
790
890
975
1050
1110
1215
515
675
790
890
975
1050
1110
1215
5500
5655
5815
5975
6130
6290
6450
6765
3835
3995
4150
4310
4470
4625
4785
5100

755
835
910
980
1090
425
550
665
755
835
910
980
1090
410
540
665
755
835
910
980
1090
5380
5505
5635
5760
5885
6015
6140
6395
3715
3845
3970
4095
4225
4350
4475
4730

465
570
650
730
800
865
980

480
570
645
710
775
885

415
495
575
635
695
805

370
440
510
575
630
735

395
460
520
575
675

450
555
650
730
800
865
980

475
565
645
710
775
885

415
495
575
635
695
805

370
440
510
575
630
735

395
460
520
575
675

475
565
645

415

370
440
510

395
460

360
415

5425
5515
5605
5695
5785
5970

5360
5440
5520
5595
5675
5835

5310
5380
5450
5520
5590
5730

5330
5395
5460
5520
5650

5295
5350
5410
5465
5580

4035
4125
4305

3695
3775
3855
3935
4015
4170

3645
3715
3785
3855
3925
4070

3670
3730
3795
3860
3985

3630
3685
3745
3800
3915

5405
5510
5615
5725
5830
5935
6145

3955
4060
4165
4270
4480

360
415
475
530
625

*
*

360
415
475
530
625

*
*

K1
0.475
0.371
0.304
0.258
330
380
355 0.224
435. 400. 0.197
490 * 450 * 0.177
580. 540 * 0.146
0.475
0.371
0.304
0.258
330
0.224
380
355
435. 400 * 0.197
490 * 450 * 0.177
580 * 540 * 0.146
0.475
0.371
0.304
330
0.258
380
355 0.224
0.197
0.177
0.146
0.475
0.371
0.304
5260
0.258
5315 5280 0.224
5365 5330 0.197
5420 5380
0.177
5525 5475
0.146
0.475
0.371
0.304
3595
0.258
3650 3620
0.224
3705 3665
0.197
3755 3715 0.177
3860 3815 0.146

DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLIND. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
REFER TO THE 0 SIDELAP CONNECTION ROWS FOR DESIGN SHEAR OF DIAPHRAGMS WITH BUTTON PUNCHED SIDELAPS.
<1>

TYPE OF DECK FASTENER


LAYOUT
NORLL
1 1/2" X 6"
36/4
2" X 12" 24/3 & 36/4
3" X 12" 24/3 & 36/4

in4/ft
0.165
0.338
0.797

IBacklingl: 0.80

Q IBuckllngl: 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF I SPAN, n


10.0
11JJ
12.0
13.0
5.0
7JJ
8.0
9.0
6.0
670
450
375
320
850
545
2180 1515 1110
805
675
975
575
3910 2715 1995 1525 1205
1255 1065
7225 5015 3685 2820 2230 1805 1490

4.0
3405
6115
11290

NOTE: ASD Required Strengtll (Senlce Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strengtll/ Q (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strenglll S1 / o (Buckling))
LRFD Required Slrtngtll (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [cp (EQ or WIND) 1 Nominal Shear Strengtll, cp (Buckling) 1 Nominal Buckling Strengtll S1 ]

November 2006

AVI-21

Q (fillED, EOJ: US
lj> (fiLLED, EOJ: 0.50
Q lEOJ:2.SO
lj> lEOJ: US
lj> lWINDJ: 0.70 Q (WJNDJ: 2.35 lj> (fillED, WJNDJ: 0.50 Q (fillED, WINDJ: US
Q lOtllerJ: 2.SO lj> (fillED, OtllerJ: 0.50 Q (fillED, otllerJ:
lj> lOtllerJ:

COMPOSITE DECI
t =design tlllcbess =0.0358"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hlltl XENP-19 L15 lD.2S" mla. support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 saews
OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

K1

11/2' X 6'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

2' X 12'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

3' X 12'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

21/2'
NWCONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2'
LWCONC.

us

us

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8

1075
1180
1265
1345
1465
660
820
955
1075
1180
1265
1345
1465
630
820
955
1075
1180
1265
1345
1465
5620
5815
6005
6195
6390
6580
6775
7160
3955
4150
4340
4535
4725
4920
5110
5495

910
1010
1100
1185
1320
515
670
800
910
1010
1100
1185
1320
495
650
800
910
1010
1100
1185
1320
5480
5630
5785
5940
6090
6245
6400
6705
3815
3965
4120
4275
4430
4580
4735
5045

565
685
785
880

550
675
785
880

510
605
695

575
685
775

445
530
615

500
600
695

500
600
695

445
530
615

480
555

435
505

400
465

480
555

435
505

400
465

435
505

400
465

425

5510
5640
5765
5895
6025
6150
6405

5535
5645
5755
5865
5975
6190

5455
5550
5645
5745
5840
6030

5395
5480
5565
5650
5735
5905

5420
5500
5575
5650
5805

5375
5445
5515
5585
5725

5335
5400
5465
5525
5655

5360
5420
5480
5600

3845
3975
4105
4230
4360
4485
4745

3870
3980
4090
4200
4310
4530

3790
3885
3985
4080
4175
4365

3730
3815
3900
3985
4070
4240

3760
3835
3910
3990
4140

3710
3780
3850
3920
4060

3670
3735
3800
3865
3990

3695
3755
3815
3935

0.523
0.408
0.335
0.284
0.246
0.217
0.195
0.161
0.523
0.408
0.335
0.284
0.246
0.217
0.195
0.161
0.523
0.408
0.335
0.284
0.246
0.217
0.195
0.161
0.523
0.408
0.335
0.284
0.246
0.217
0.195
0.161
0.523
0.408
0.335
0.284
0.246
0.217
0.195
0.161

* DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLINO. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO lOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACINI REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE lUMBER, DR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMmR CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN II THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
REFER TO THE 0 SIDELAP CONNECnON ROWS FOR DESIGN SHEAR OF DIAPHRAGMS WITH BmDI PUNCHED SIDELAPS.

Q lBuCUngJ: 2.00

lj> lBuckllngJ: 0.80

TYPE OF DECK

FASTENER

NO FILL

LAYOUT

in4/ft

4.0

0.212
0.420
0.993

4755
8320
15395

11/2" X 6"
36/4
2" X 12" 24/3 &36/4
3" X 12" 24/3 &36/4

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN,

5.0
3040
5325
9855

u
2110
3695
6840

7.0
1550
2715
5025

a.o

9.0

1185
2080
3850

935
1640
3040

10.0
760
1330
2460

11.0
625
1100
2035

12.0
525
925
1710

n
13.0
450
785
1455

NOTE: ASD RIIJIIrlll Slnlglll (Servlca Applied LOlli) < Minlmam [lomlall Sll Slnllglll/ Q (EQ WIND), lomlnll Buckling Stnngtll S1 / g (Buckllag))
LRFD RIIJUirlll SlrHgllt (Factoretl Applied Lolli) <= Mlalmum (EQ WIND) 1 lomlnll Sha Slnaglh, (Buckllag)l Nominal Bunting Slrangllt S1 )

l+

AVI22

November 2006

QIEOI: 150
IEOI: 0.6S
Q
IWINDI: 2JS
<I> IWINDI: 010
Q
IOtherl:
150
<1> IOtllerl: us

COMPOSITE DECI
t =design thkmess =0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hiltl X-ENP-19l15 IUS" min. support steell
SIDElAP FASTENING: 1110 screws

<I>

Q!FillED, EOI: US
!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50 QIALLED, WINDI: US
<I> !FILLED, Otllerl: 0.50 Q!FILLED, Otllerl: US
<I> !FILlED, EOI: 0.50

<I>

TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER

K1

LAYOUT

11/2" X 6"
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

2" X 12"
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

3" X 12"
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

2 1/2"
NWCONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LWCONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2

1410
1545
1665
1765
1925

1410
1545
1665
1765
1925
5840
6095
6350
6605
6860
7115
7370
7875
4180
4430
4685
4940
5195
5450
5705
6215

4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8

1410
1545
1665
1765
1925
855
1050
1200
1330

4195
4395
4600
4805
5010
5210
5620

710
880
1035
1160

4035
4205
4375
4545
4715
4885
5220

780
905
1020

675
800
910

595
705
820

630
735

570
665

565

905
1020

660
785
910

585
700
815

630
730

570
665

565

755
900
1020

660
785
910

585
700
815

630
730

570
665

565

5625
5755
5880

5545
5660
5775

5585
5685

5525
5615

5470
5555

5505

3965
4090
4220
4345
4470
4725

3885
3995
4110
4220
4335
4560

3920
4025
4125
4225
4430

3860
3950
4045
4135
4320

3805
3890
3975
4060
4230

3840
3920
4000
4155

4065
4210
4360
4505
4650
4940

0.602
0.470
0.385
0.327
0.283
0.250
0.224
0.185
0.602
0.470
0.385
0.327
0.283
0.250
0.224
0.185
0.602
0.470
0.385
0.327
0.283
0.250
0.224
0.185
0.602
0.470
0.385
0.327
0.283
0.250
0.224
0.185
0.602
0.470
0.385
0.327
0.283
0.250
0.224
0.185

* DESIGN SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLIN&. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO lOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACINB REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECDONS AND SHALL lOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECnONS.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRABMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCRWE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECDONS TO DMLOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
REFER TO THE 0 SIDELAP CONNECnON ROWS FOR DESIGN SHEAR OF DIAPHRABMS WITH BUTTON PUNCHED SIDELAPS.
<I>

TYPE OF DECK FASTENER


LAYOUT
NO FILL
1 1/2" X 6"
36/4
2" X 12" 24/3 & 36/4
3" X 12" 24/3 & 36/4

in4/H
0.308
0.560
1.324

QIBuc~Jngl: 2.00

IBiclllagl: 0.80

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 1), PLF I SPAN, R


12.0
13.0
7JI
8.0
10.0
11JI
5.0
u
u
4.11

7765 4970 3450


12745 8155 5665
23580 15090 10480

2535
4160
7700

1940
3185
5895

1530
2515
4655

1240
2035
3770

1025
1685
3115

860
1415
2620

735
1205
2230

NOTE: ASD Rllflulred Slnllglll (Senlce AppliN Load) C11 Minimum [lamlnal Sh. . Slrtnglll/ Q (EQ or WIND), Nominal Backllng Slrtnglll S1 / 0 (Buckling)]
LRFD Rllllulred Slhaga (Fat:tlll'td AppliN LaM) < Mlalmum (EQ or WIND) 1 Nominal Sll. . Slrenglll, (Buckling) 1 Nominal hckllag Stnngtll 51 )

l+

November 2006

AVI2:S

COMPOSITE DECK

<j> IEOJ: 0.&5


<j> IWINDJ: 0.70

SUPPORT FASTENING: HiiU X-ENP-19 l15 IUS" mil. support steell


SIDEW FASTENING: #10 suets

<1>

t =design llcuess =o.osw

lotberl: o.&s

Q IEOJ:2.50
Q IWINDJ: 2.35
Q lotllerl: 2.50

<j> !FILLED, EOJ: 0.50


<j> !FILLED, WINDI: 0.50
<1>

!FILLED, otllerJ: 0.50

Q IFIUED, EOJ: 5.25


Q !FILLED, WINDI: 5.25
Q IFIUED, Olerl: 3.25

TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

11/2' X 6'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

2' X 12'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

3' X 12'
NO FILL

36/4

(BARE DECK)

21/2'
NWCONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2'
LWCONC.

36/4

(ABOVE DECK)

3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
8

1345
1570
1765
1935
2080
2205
2405

1115
1315
1500
1665
1815
1945
2165

1345
1570
1765
1935

1115
1315
1500
1665

6390
6715
7035
7355
7675
7995
8640

5370
5690
6015
6335
6975

6095
6350
6610
6865
7120
7380
7890

5460
5715
6230

940
1125
1295
1450
1595
1725
1955

980
1135
1280
1415
1540
1765

850
1010
1140
1270
1390
1605

750
895
1030
1145
1260
1470

800
925
1045
1150
1350

720
840
955
1060
1245

660
765
870
980
1160

705
805
905
1080

960
1135
1280

835
995
1140

735
875
1020

790
915

715
835

660
765

705

945

825
985
1140

735
875
1020

790
915

715
835

660
765

705

5895
6110
6325
6540
6750
6965
7395

5940
6120
6305
6490
6670
7040

5810
5970
6130
6290
6450
6770

5710
5850
5995
6135
6280
6565

5755
5885
6015
6140
6400

5680
5795
5910
6030
6260

5615
5720
5830
5935
6150

5660
5755
5855
6055

5090
5300
5730

4275
4460
4640
4825
5010
5375

4145
4305
4465
4625
4785
5110

4045
4185
4330
4475
4615
4900

4095
4220
4350
4480
4735

4015
4130
4250
4365
4600

3950
4060
4165
4270
4485

3995
4095
4190
4390

K1
0.676
0.528
0.433
0.367
0.318
0.281
0.252
0.208
0.676
0.528
0.433
0.367
0.318
0.281
0.252
0.208
0.676
0.528
0.433
0.367
0.318
0.281
0.252
0.208
0.676
0.528
0.433
0.367
0.318
0.281
0.252
0.208
0.676
0.528
0.433
0.367
0.318
0.281
0.252
0.208

* DESIBI SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLIN&. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACIIB REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP COIIECnONS AID SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP COINEcnONS.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STREIBTH, OF THE PERIMEnR COIIEcnOIS TO DMLOP THE VALUES
SHOWN II THE TABLE. CHECK SEcnOI 5.4.
REFER TO THE 0 SIDELAP COINEcnON ROWS FOR DESIBI SHEAR OF DIAPHRAGMS WITH BUTTON PUNCHED SIDEUPS.

<j> IBdlagl: 0.80

TYPE OF DECK
10 FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

in4/ft

1 1/2' X 6'
36/4
2' X 12' 24/3 &36/4
3' X 12' 24/3 &36/4

0.400
0.700
1.666

Q IBackllagl: 2.00

NOMINAL DIAPHRAGM SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


4.0
7JJ
8JJ
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
5.0
6.0
13.0

11250 7200 5000 3670


17935 11480 7970 5855
33355 21345 14820 10890

2810
4480
8335

2220
3540
6585

1800
2870
5335

1485
2370
4410

1250
1990
3705

1065
1695
3155

NOTE: ASD R~qail'lll Sln11glll (Senice Applied LOlli) <= Milll111111 [llllllllal Sll S1rllllll g (EQ or WIND), luminal Blcllllng Slnnglll S8 / g (lacllllag))
LRFD R~qulred Slnlglll (Factored AppUH LOlli) <= imam [t (EQ ar WIND) 1 lomillll Sll Slruglll, t (Bucllllng) 1 Nominal BuCkliag S1ruglll S.J

AVI24

November 2006

DIAPHRAGM DESION MANUAL


THIRD EDITION
September 2004

Authored By

Dr. Larry Luttrell, P.E.


Revised and Adapted For

The ASD and LRFD methods


According to Table os of the 2001 Edition of the North American
Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel structural Members
As modified by
The supplement 2004 to the North American Specification for the Design of
Cold-Formed Steel structural Members. 2001 Edition
By

Walter Schultz, P.E.


Dong Li, P.E.

, - STEEL DECK
INSTITUTE

IIIIo.

"""'' 'II

SCI
-

STEEL DECK INSTITUTE


P.O. Box 25
Fox River Grove, Ill 60021-0025
Phone: (847) 458-4647
Fax: (847) 458-4648
www.sdi.org

PREFACE
This manual is in continuity with the first and second edition of the Steel Deck Diaphragm
Design Manual and is based on research, testing and analysis done at west Virginia University since
1965. The work. sponsored by the steel Deck Institute and its member and associate member
companies, has been under the direction of or. Larry Luttrell who is the technical advisor to the Steel
Deck Institute. The Institute is very grateful to Dr. Luttrell for his untiring efforts and ongoing interest
in this subject.
The manual explains the method developed to calculate the capacity of diaphragms made with
steel decks and composite steel decks, and the use of the diaphragm capacity tables.
The diaphragm tables have been modified for ease of use either for Allowable stress Design
CASDl or for Load and Resistance Factor Design CLRFDl. Values in the tables must either be divided by
a safety factor or multiplied by a resistance factor before they can be compared with the loads
calculated with the corresponding design approach.
In this manual, the nominal resistance for welds and screws as shear connectors are calculated
according to the formulas used in the previous editions of the Diaphragm Design Manual. some of the
results of the formulas used in this manual csections 4.2.1, section 4.5, and Appendix IV Table IV> may
slightly differ from the results obtained by applying the formulas shown in the 2001 Edition of the North
American specification for the Design of Cold-Formed steel structural Members. The safety factors
and resistance factors to be applied on the nominal diaphragm capacities shown in the tables of
Appendix v have been calculated taking into account the nominal resistance for welds and screws as
shear connectors shown in Table IV of Appendix IV.
The illustrations and diaphragm resistance tables were prepared by Mr. Walter Schultz of
vulcraft and Mrs. Dong Li of canam Steel.
The members of the steel Deck Institute Diaphragm committee are:
Walter Schultz. Nucor. Vulcraft Group
John Mattingly, United steel Deck
Larry Luttrell. SOl
Bert Kolodziej, ITW Buildex
Ray Schwarz. Pneutek
Tommy Wilson. Hilti
Dong Li, canam Steel
Pierre Gignac, canam Steel

September 2004

SPECIAL NOTICE
The information presented in this manual has been prepared in accordance with recognized
engineering principles but is for general information only. While it is believed to be accurate,
this information should not be used or relied upon for any general or specific application without a
review and verification of its accuracy and applicability by a licensed professional engineer, designer
or architect.
The publication of the material contained herein is not intended as a representation or
warranty on the part of the steel Deck Institute, or any of its Members or Associate Members named
herein, that this information is suitable for any general or particular use or of freedom from infringement of any patent or patents.
The Steel Deck Institute, or any of its Members or Associate Members, shall not be liable for any
injury, loss, claim or damage whatsoever that arises out of or is in any way connected with the use of
this information contained in this publication, irrespective of the cause or origin, or whether or not
the damage or loss results directly or indirectly to person or property from the negligence, active or
passive, of the Steel Deck Institute, or any of its Member or Associate Members. Anyone making use
of this information assumes all liability arising from such use.

September 2004

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PACE
SECTION 1

section
section
section
section

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Introduction .................................................................................................. 1-3


Applicable Deck Types .................................................................................. 1-4
connections ................................................................................................... 1-4
Design considerations ................................................................................. 1-4

SECTION 2

section
section
section
section
section
section

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6

Diaphragm Strength .................................................................................... 2-3


Fastener Limitations .................................................................................... 2-3
Stability Limitations .................................................................................... 2-10
Resistance Factors 1 Safety Factors ........................................................ 2-11
Design Diaphragm Shear Strength .......................................................... 2-12
Limiting conditions .................................................................................... 2-13

SECTION 3

section
section
section
section

3.1
3.3
3.3
3.4

Diaphragm Stiffness ..................................................................................... 3-3


Factors Affecting Stiffness .......................................................................... 3-4
Stiffness coefficients ................................................................................... 3-5
Stiffness Example .......................................................................................... 3-6

SECTION 4

section
section
section
section
section
section
section
section
section
section

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10

September 2004

connections ................................................................................................... 4-3


Arc-spot Welds .............................................................................................. 4-4
Welds With washers ..................................................................................... 4-5
Weld Flexibilities ........................................................................................... 4-6
Screw Connections ....................................................................................... 4-6
Power Driven Fasteners .............................................................................. 4-8
Button Punched Side-Laps ....................................................................... 4-12
Other connections ..................................................................................... 4-13
Fasteners in Tension .................................................................................. 4-13
combined Shear and Tension on Fasteners ......................................... 4-15

PACE
SECTION 5

section
Section
section
section
section
section
section
section

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

s.s
5.6
5.7
5.8

concrete Filled Diaphragms ....................................................................... 5-3


Insulating concrete ...................................................................................... 5-3
Structural concrete ...................................................................................... 5-4
Perimeter Connections ............................................................................... s-s
Stud Connections ......................................................................................... 5-5
Stiffness and Deflections ............................................................................. 5-6
Resistance Factors 1 Safety Factors .......................................................... 5-6
Other Systems ............................................................................................... 5-6

APPENDIX I

Symbols ......................................................................................................... AI- 2

APPENDIX II

References ................................................................................................... All-1

APPENDIX Ill

Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7a
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Diaphragm Behavior ................................................................................. Alll-3


Stiffness ....................................................................................................... Alli-S
Truss Analogy ............................................................................................. Alll-7
Deflections ................................................................................................ Alll-11
Simplified Deflections ............................................................................. Alll-15
Strength Evaluation ................................................................................ Alll-17
Roof Design .............................................................................................. Alll-23
Roof Deck Design for Uplift and Shear Interaction ......................... Alll-35
Expansion Joints ...................................................................................... Alll-41
Non-symmetric Diaphragms ................................................................. Alll-45
Mixed Length Panels ............................................................................... Alll-49
Rigid Frame .............................................................................................. Alii-51
Rigid Frames ............................................................................................. Alii-53
Split Level Diaphragms ........................................................................... Alii-59
Floor Diaphragms .................................................................................... Alll-65
Diaphragm with open Areas ................................................................. Alll-67
concrete Filled Floor Diaphragms ....................................................... Alll-71

APPENDIX IV

Typical Fastener Layout ........................................................................... AIV-3


warping Factor Development ................................................................ AIV-4
General Stiffness Equations .................................................................... AIV-6
Tables for Deck and Fasteners Properties ........................................... AIV-7

APPENDIX V

Table Of contents for Diaphragm Load Tables ..................................... AV-4

September 2004

H;;W 1ih'i\L~~1~tji~~!~l'081.:.

~,1~ 1 { .... , . ,. ~,:~:)\.~~!~~~!~UCTION.

September 2004

11

..

'" "-<

/'>-~"""::;

II

PRESSURE

j
..

FlO 1.1-1 DIAPHRAGM COMPONENTS

..
...

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

t'

FlO 1.1-2 ROOF DIAPHRAGM


12

..

1.1

INTRODUCTION

Shear diaphragms are essentially planar structural systems such as those found in the roofs.
floors. and walls of buildings. They are comprised of interconnected smaller units. attached to
supporting members, such that the assemblies possess both in-plane shear strength and stiffness.
Diaphragm design addresses the issue of selecting materials and designing connections such that the
system can serve the function of transmitting in-plane forces.
Figure 1.11 illustrates the basic concept for a group of diaphragms. the principal one being
the roof plane. The exploded view shows walls of length !onto which pressures act. A line load can be
delivered to the roof plane by any wall. The roof shown may be viewed as a simple horizontal girder.
of depth h. with its end reactions provided by distributed shears along h at the wall intersection.
Though it might be quite rigid and different from the roof, the end wall itself acts as a diaphragm
between the roof and foundation levels.

The most basic design problem is illustrated in Figure 1.12 where the "short-deep beam" or
diaphragm receives line loads of Q 1 and Qw from the sidewalls. R then becomes O.Sf(Qw + Q 1J. From
the shape of the shear diagram, five observations are apparent:
a. The maximum average shearS= Rib is at the end.
b. zones nearer mid-span may have smaller shears and thus less diaphragm strength
is required.
c. The larger design shears may be resisted using heavy panels and fewer connections or by
more frequently connected lighter panels.
d. Efficient use of materials may not be met by using a single diaphragm design for the entire
roof area.
e. The diaphragm is a short-deep beam.
The structure illustrated in Figure 1.11 shows none of the roof supporting elements.
However, such elements are important components of the diaphragm in that they act as stiffeners.
similar to stiffeners in thin-web girders. such elements protect the zone from general buckling. In
addition, members with suitable connections to carry the flange forces must always bound
diaphragms.
The behavior of a diaphragm is dependent on the types of panels used, the methods of attachment. and the geometry of the described area. It may be determined either from full scale testing or
from the identified behavior of its component parts.

September 2004

13

1.2

APPLICABLE DECK TYPES

Diaphragms may be assembled from a wide variety of panel profiles including the Narrow
Rib (NR), Intermediate Rib (IR), and Wide Rib (WR) profiles described in the SDI Publication No. 30,
Design Manual for composite Decks, Form Decks. and Roof Decks. such panels may vary from
0.0280 in. {0.71 mm} to 0.064 in. {1.63 mm} in thickness and with widths from 18 in. {457 mm} to
36 in. {914 mm} or more.
The test programs also have included longer spanning 3 in. {76 mm} Deep Rib <DR> roof deck
profiles as well as certain wall panel arrangements interconnected to be shear resistant.
Although design tables are not shown in Appendix v for decks up to and including 7.5 in.
{191 mrn} deep, as well as cellular decks, the appropriate diaphragm values may be derived using the
procedure illustrated herein for regular deck.
Diaphragm values for deck attached to wood structural members may be calculated using the
Metal construction Association publication, A Primer on Diaphragm Design cwww.metalconstruction.org>.
Corrugated form deck profiles, with thickness ranging from 0.014 in. {0.36 rnm} upward and
with depths from 9116 in. {14 rnm} upward to /.5 in. {38 rnm}, have been part of the studies on which
this manual is based.
The design recommendations in the following sections are limited to properly interconnected
diaphragm panels having thickness to between 0.014 in. {0.36 mrn} and 0.064 in. {1.63 rnm} with panel
depths between the nominal limits of 9116 in. {14 mm} and 3 in. {76 mm}.

1.3

CONNECTIONS

Given that the influence of panel geometry has been established, the more critical remaining
parameters are those describing fasteners and how they perform. Fasteners commonly include
welds, screws, and power driven nail-like pins. The two most essential pieces of information for any
fastener are reliable values for its strength and stiffness. Tests for these properties are described in
detail in section 4.

1.4

DESICN CONSIDERATIONS

This manual addresses those factors affecting the strength and stiffness of a diaphragm
assembly. The formulas for diaphragm design values are based on a very large number of tests made
in the laboratories at west Virginia University and in other laboratories over the past thirty-eight
years. sections 2, 3, and 4 show the development of strength formulas, stiffness formulas, and
properties of selected fasteners.
Appendix 111 contains a series of example problems addressing the issue of analysis and design
using both Allowable Stress Design CASD> and Load and Resistance Factor Design CLRFD> requirements.
Appendix v contains design load tables for diaphragms used to resist wind loads, earthquake loads or
other forces. The load tables show the nominal strength of the diaphragm. This represents a departure from the load tables of the previous editions of the Diaphragm Design Manual. A few definitions
follow using a tension rod as the example to illustrate the various definitions of strength.
Nominal strength is an applicable limit state: P 11

= AgFy

LRFD

Factored nominal strength cor design strength>: <j>P11

= <j>AgF\.

Required strength is the factored applied load: P U = l.2DL + l.6LL

tt.p
~ II

ASD
Allowable strength cor design strength>: Pn /Q = A 8FY /Q
Required strength Is the service applied load: P = DL + LL
1-4

P n /Q
September 2004

SECTION 2
DIAPHRAGM STRENGTH

September 2004

21

R--+

FIG 2.1 DIAPHRAGM AND TRUSS

~------ - - - - - t

-----------+---*--

I
--

Pl'RLI:\

SHFFT
SIDF-L.\P

H'

i
\\'

1'

Jr--------------------,.J...,;-----_i___

Pa

Pu

..

FIG 2.2-1 SCHEMATIC LAYOUT FOR DIAPHRAGM


2-2

September 2004

2.1

DIAPHRAGM STRENGTH

The diaphragm is assembled to cover a specified area in such a way as to possess both
predictable in-plane shear strength and stiffness. The principle elements are the supporting frame,
the covering panels, and the interconnecting devices or fasteners. It can be a fairly flexible system
somewhat analogous to a truss as in Fig_ 2.1. Prior to installing the truss diagonal or attaching the
diaphragm, neither of the frames possess much strength.
In Fig. 2.1, R = P% where Pis an external load acting along h. The truss diagonal force is made
up of two components, Rand P, such that the average shear parallel to his Plh and the average shear
parallel to a is Ria, Ria =PI b. Presuming edge members to have small changes in length, the average
shear in the diaphragm also is Plh either horizontally or vertically. Fig. 2.1 shows the cantilever test
set up used to evaluate the strength and stiffness of various deck profiles. It is important to note that
since the shear in either direction is the same (Ria= PI b), the direction of the deck corrugation does
not affect the strength. Therefore the strength values listed in the tables in Appendix v apply to deck
corrugation in either direction.
Unattached panels may not possess the ability to resist equal unit forces in perpendicular
directions. However, when they are part of the diaphragm system, including perimeter members. the
individual corrugations are held in position by end attachments and the corrugations are not free
to close.
The shear strength of a diaphragm system can be limited by the strength of connections, local
buckling in the panels, or by general plate-like buckling of the whole diaphragm area.

2.2

FASTENER LIMITATIONS

consider the simple diaphragm in Fig. 2.2-1 where three panels are represented. The panels
may be connected to the support frame by structural connections, having strength Q1 along any
structural member. Stitch or side-lap connections. having a strength Q. may be installed along the
dashed lines to form sheet-to-sheet connections away from cross supports.
,I

Edge Fasteners Limitations


Figure 2.22 represents the edge most half panel and the forces transferred to it from Pas the
nominal value P is approached. With Q'1 = Q.1. ~, equilibrium is obtained with:
n

Hn

(Eq. 2.2-1)

where n

('

= number of edge connectors between cross supports

( n e = 3 in Fig. 2.2-2)

a 1 = 'Lx,.. end distribution factor with summation across a full width

w.

H'

x c = distance from panel centerline to any fastener in a panel at the end support
w = panel width

September 2004

23

Ql

Ql

. -~

--+
0

Q.

Qr

Qr

o_Qj

___ ]_~~--0~:--~-------- ________ !:~~---------------- "---------0

PANEL CENTER LINEJ

FIG 2.2-2 OUTER EDGE PANEL

A.Qr__.

Tf~-I

I -'"cl

rI .ri' .:'

~-...,

~~I

Ql__.

Qs

Q_,

Qr

I
I
I
I
I
I
I

H'i.~ I
I

Qs

Cl...~

'A.Qf

I
I
I
I
I
I

f--------------

-------~

CENTER LINE

~~Cl...-;:.

F,).:

j._~

A.Qf

Fe~-

Q,

Qr

Q,

Qr

Qs

i\Qf

FIG 2.2-3 INTERIOR PANEL FORCE DISTRIBUTION

2-4

September 2004

a"= purl in distribution factor similar to a 1, a 2 = Ix,,


~
x = distance from panel center line to any fastener in a panel at purlins
I'

f = panel length
n" = no. of purlins excluding those at ends or end laps where connection patterns may differ
Q1 = structural fastener strength <see section 4>.

Equation 2.2-1 can be modified to:

= pf = (2 a I + np a 2 + n (' ) fQf

CEQ. 2.2-2l

11

Ill'

Note that the edge fasteners between purlins may require special details if the purlins set
above the edge member. see example 6 of Appendix Ill.
Interior Panel Fastener Limitations
Figure 2.2-3 shows a free body of an interior panel where Qs represents a side-lap <stitchl
connector and P 11 / is the transferred end-member axial force. Those purlins away from a braced
frame line or rigid wall have little ability to transfer axial forces. Considering rotational equilibrium
about the lower right corner:

w)

( p_nf _

11

= 2M + n M +
e

pp

11

Q w

CEQ. 2.2-3)

ss

MP =couple at purlin from FP 1 , F" 2 and Q1

where

Me= end member couple from Fc 1 , Fe::. and A.Q1

Q_,. = stitch connector strength <see Section 4l


n,. = number of stitch connectors within the length f

<n, = 3 for case shownl


The magnitude of the FP and Fe forces is difficult to define in terms of Qrat the edge. As shear
forces increase, yield can develop around edge fasteners and thus allow Ff' and F" to increase toward
their yield values. However, they conservatively are presumed to be related linearly to Q1 through
their position from centerline similar to the distribution shown in Fig. 2.2-2. Then:

Qt. =-an
Q't. d Q'r= Qr2x"
_.

w/2

Fe

September 2004

xc

2xe
d F
Q 2x"
= Q.r-an
P = r11'
. 11'

25

Ql

t
Q\. t
Q,.

Q.\

Qs

Q.\'

Ql

+--

fl.t

FlO 2.2-4a PANEL CORNER FORCES

0 1 AND Ov

FASTENERS AT ENDS

1-12"
-1.;,.r-vFASTENERS AT PURLINS
FlO 2.2-4b CORNER FORCE

Or

FlO 2.2-4c

26

September 2004

As diaphragm loads increase. the panel corners tend to distort limiting the corner force
transfer to a lower value AQ,. Then:
..,
'
\1, = Q, - ~ \~ +(A-I )Q,

11

\I'

Letting n,=Q, Q,. Eq. 2.2-3 can be rewritten as:

.\ = fl~:\( A-I )+II


Iii

a
'

+ }_ [211 I(\-')+ -+I(.\~)]


H.~

/1

/ 1

I'

_(].!
={
17

~A[A-Ij +B} Q.,f

(Eq. 2.2-4l

with
H = 11 ' a ' +![211
'(\)
+
\1'-'
,,/'

where A = 1- ___!~~--~-+0\

-+'(r-')]
.._

~ 0. 7

= panel depth, in.


= base sheet metal thickness. in.
t, = purlin spacing, ft
h

= panel depth, mm}


= base sheet metal thickness,
{1, = purlin spacing, m}
(h

{r

mm}

A = 2 for double edge fasteners as in case 36/9, Table 1, Appendix IV


= 1 for single fastener at panel edges.
Note in Fig. 2.23 that the resistance over the panel length ! is comprised of both M1, and M,.,
1\{. often being larger than M 1,. consider three cases assuming A = I and n, = 0. Use EQ. 2.2-4 with
11 = ~-+ in. and fasteners at 12 in. on center at the purlins and 6 in. on center at the ends as shown
in Fig. 2.24C.

case 1: Single span, n1, = O.! =f. = 5 .fi

September 2004

27

FlO 2.2-4b CORNER FORCE

]"I

Or

"

II
---+1 (' r--

--

~ (' ~-

--- d

_______:__.i

FlO 2.3-1 CORRUOATION DIMENSIONS

28

September 2004

case 2: Dual span, nP

= (2

B
2

= 1, I= 2~ = 10ft

x288 + 4 x360)
242

= 350

s 2 = 10
3.5 Qf = 0.35Q,.
.
.
II

Case 3: Triple span, nP = 2, I= 3". = 15ft

= (4 X 288 + 4 X 360) = 4.50

242

s ~ = 15
4.5 Qt

= 0.3Qr

/1.

The first case has 2 lines of connections per 5 feet or a 215 = 0.40 index, the second has a
3110 = 0.30 index, and the last has a 4115 = 0.27 index. These relative values become closer with the
addition of side-lap connections, but strength is still influenced by the number of attached support lines
per unit length.
corner Fastener Limitations

The maximum possible resultant force that could exist on a corner fastener as in Fig_ 2.24b is:
Qr

= vQf + Q; or Q;. = Qj + Q\~

where
N

Q\.

p
s
= Nf =,J'

= number of fasteners per unit length across the width w

Q1 = Qr value from Eq. 2.2-4 with A = 1


Then Q1

S, (

) and letting Q,. approach Q;

The fasteners at panel corners then limit S11 to:

<Eq. 2.2-5>

September 2004

29

2.3

STABILITY LIMITATIONS

The probability of plate-like shear buckling, producing diagonal waves across the whole
diaphragm, is small for most common installations. For thin diaphragms, with small depth h and
relatively long spans f,.. buckling may result when the fasteners are closely spaced. Such behavior has
been noted in diaphragms that are 0.0179 in. {0.45 mm} and thinner. in some thin WR type wall panel
profiles, and in certain OJJ295 in. {0.75 mm} thick diaphragms with very closely spaced side-lap
connections and where larger than usual f,. values were involved.
In two span diaphragms. the central support does little to limit wave formation. But, when
larger numbers of spans are used, the interior purlins do limit buckling. For relatively ideal corrugated diaphragms. Easley (10)* has presented an approach to the critical shear load. That approach
is modified here. conservatively treating the limiting case as being controlled by two end spans,
resulting in a critical load of:

,r..,""

~I' t

= 3f>{3E

where

(#)
(EQ. 2.3-1 l

12

f3 = panel buckling factor = I. 75

I = panel moment of inertia, per width w

d = panel corrugation pitch (see Figure 2.31)


s =developed flute width per width d. s = 2(e

w)

+f

Letting f = 2 I,. tending toward the lower bound two-span case,

)nh = 9{3E

~-

d\

~!

(EQ. 2.3-2)

-----------------
* Reference 1 of Appendix

11
The bold numbers in parentheses refer to the list of references in Appendix 11.
210

September 2004

This equation is simplified to the following


al in us units
(Eq. 2.3-3l

where

or

1 = purlin spacing, ft
1

= panel moment of inertia, in 4 per foot of width

= panel metal thickness, in.

= 29500 ksi

bl in 51 units
Suh

= 1.78

/ 3 t 3(

~)

kN!m
(Eq. 2.3-4)

~~

where

!',. = purlin spacing, m


I

= panel moment of inertia, mm4 per mm of width

= panel metal thickness, mm

E = 210 kN/mm 2

2.4

RESISTANCE FACTORS I SAFETY FACTORS

The shear strengths from section 2.2 must be modified by resistance factors (<j> factorsl per the
"Load and Resistance Factor Design" (LRFDl or by safety factors (Q factorsl per the "Allowable Stress
Design" (ASDl to account for possible understrength conditions. connection quality is paramount to
the evaluation.
The "Load and Resistance Factored Design" <LRFD> approach was described extensively in
the first edition of the SDI Diaphragm Design Manual, 1981. In that source, the nominal and mean
resistances from full-scale tests were evaluated. The coefficient of variation in strength with welded
connections, as expected, is greater than when mechanical connections are used.
The same variation studies were applied to the direct shear strength tests for fasteners as
described in section 4. Since the quality of mechanical connectors is easier to control, variation in
their strength is smaller than for welded connections and their performance is more predictable.

September 2004

211

The resistance factors and safety factors for diaphragms are as follows based on the
supplement 2004 to the North American specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural
Members. 2001 Edition. <39).
Table 2.1
Factors of Safety and Resistance Factors for Diaphragms
Limit state
Panel Buckling2
connection Related
connection
USA and Mexico
USA and Mexico
1Vpe1
0.,;
Qd
<l>,;
<l>d
<A SO)
<LRFO)
<AS D)
<LRFO)
Welds
3.00
0.55
2.00
0.80
screws
2.50
0.65
Welds
2.35
0.70
screws
0.70
2.35
Welds
2.65
0.60
screws
2.50
0.65

Load lYPe or
combinations
Including
Earthquake
Wind
All Others

NOTES:1. When fastener combinations are used within a diaphragm system, the more severe factor
is used.
2. Panel buckling is out of plane buckling and not local buckling at fasteners. The more severe
factored limit state controls the design.
3. For mechanical fasteners other than screws, sufficient test data and calibration calculations
prove that the use of power driven fasteners. such as those from Pneutek, Hilti, Buildex, is
allowed in accordance with the North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed
steel Structural Members <37) and the same resistance factors or safety factors that control
screwed system can be used to obtain proper diaphragm design strength.
4. SOl's method of calculation for diaphragm allows the various design codes and specifications
to dictate the load factors and, the test results to dictate the resistance factor and safety
factor developed in accordance with the methodology of the codes and specifications.

2.5

DESICN DIAPHRACM SHEAR STRENCTH

The design strength of the diaphragm <J>Sn <LRFm or S 11 JQ <ASm shall be the lowest value
obtained from the limit states of edge fastener strength, interior panel fastener strength, corner
fastener strength and shear buckling.
a)

For edge fastener, interior and corner fastener strength

s/1 = min (SI/C' Sni s/1,.)


For
b)

<1>

factors <LRFm or Q factors <ASm, see Table 2.1 <above).

For shear buckling

Sn

= Snh

<1>

= 0.80

Q = 2.00

where

S 11 , is the value from Eq. 2.2-2


Sni is the value from Eq. 2.2-4
Snc is the value from Eq. 2.2-5
Snh is the value from Eq. 2.3-3 or Eq. 2.3-4
212

September 2004

2.6

LIMITING CONDITIONS

The quality of a diaphragm can be limited by inattention to details particularly at edge and end
terminations.
End Laps

At interior positions, panels must be sufficiently overlapped to provide adequate end distances
for the connector used. A minimum end distance for fasteners used should be one inch requiring an
end lap not less than two inches. Within the system, end laps may be staggered or on a continuous
line without particular effect on the diaphragm strength. However. greater care must be exercised in
making connections through multiple layers of deck at the panel corners on the end lap. If panels are
butted at their ends rather than end lapped, as is common with floor decks, then each panel must be
individually connected at its ends with the specified pattern.
Side-laps

The overlapping edges of panels should be in close contact to allow minimum eccentricity on
fasteners in the lap. When stitch fasteners connect adjacent panels between supports. equivalent or
superior fasteners should be used on the edgemost panel at the diaphragm perimeter to ensure the
transfer of maximum diaphragm shear along the perimeter member.
Welds

Welds should be made by qualified operators following AWS 01.3 Specifications. An approximate field check on quality control is described in section 4.2.1.1. Welding thin material usually
requires a much lower power setting and lower burn-off rate than in heavy steel units. Particular care
is required when welding deck to joists in order to avoid damage to joist chords.
screws

screws must be installed using properly calibrated tools to avoid overdriving that can strip the
threads at side-laps or sever the screw when it is placed into heavier support steel.
Power Driven Fasteners

These fasteners must be installed following the manufacturer's recommendations. care must
be exercised in setting the driving force to obtain the proper depth of penetration. once driven
properly, these nail-like fasteners are very resistant to extraction by uplift forces. Jn uplift tests on
sheet material, the usual mode of failure is one of tearing the sheet around the head or washer
leaving the fastener in place.
Split Panels

Finishing out a diaphragm at its edge may require a split panel at what usually is a higher shear
zone in the structure. Formulas in this section may be used to evaluate this special case noting the
partial panel width w. such a partial panel should be connected in every valley at all supports regardless
of adjacent fastener patterns. Extra stitch connectors should be considered at the split panel side-lap.
Full panel may be back-lapped and used to finish out the edge.

September 2004

2-13

Longitudinal Edges
In applications where joists terminate on a shear wall, the edge-most diaphragm panel may not
contact the wall. If intermediate stitch fasteners have been required on side-laps, similar intermediate fasteners must exist at the edge. These can be accommodated by installing a block-like spacer on
the wall, to match the joist elevation. and then making connections to the blocK. A "collecting angle"
may also be used as in Example Problem 6 of Appendix 111.
Mixed Panel Lengths
When decks are installed with multiple spans, occasional shorter panels may be required. In a
large diaphragm area, the shear strength can be determined satisfactorily by using the typical 3 span
panel length.
Load Tables
Design load tables. based on section 2 formulas, are given in Appendix v for typical Steel DecK
Institute profiles. The table headings describe the means of connection. the panel width and thickness, span length 1',., and the fastening pattern. The "Side-lap" column in any table gives the number
of stitch or intermediate connections between structural supports. The tabular values are nominal
values and are based on a conservative "3 or more" span condition. The user should then get the proper
design values by modifying the nominal values with resistance factor <1> <LRFD> or safety factor Q <ASD>.
While the appended tables address specific profiles, the formulas on which they are based
have been checked against full-scale diaphragm tests on decks ranging in depth from 518 in. {16 mm}
to 3 in. {76 mrn} with thickness from 0.015 in. {0.36 mm} to 0.064 in. {1.63 mm}. The design formulas
are applicable to these ranges and appropriate design tables can be developed from them.
Perimeter 1 Intermediate connections
The spacing e of fasteners on perimeter or intermediate support elements, such as chord,
struts and shear transfer elements, must be determined using the following equation:
e

LRFD: e

Qt if the full strength is needed.

s"

~ <I>Qt if the required strength 5 is less than the factored strength.


11

sll

or
ASD:

e ~ Qt IQ

s/1

where

if the required strength 511 is less than the allowable strength.

Q1 = nominal structural connector strength

s, =
5 11

nominal strength of diaphragm

= required diaphragm strength

To Keep the same diaphragm rigidity, the spacing of attachment of the panels at perimeter
parallel to the decK flutes should not be larger than that for the interior side-lap fasteners.

214

September 2004

SECTION 3
DIAPHRAGM STIFFNESS

September 2004

31

..- . >

END CLOSURE

_.~-........ .

p /

~-

EDGE RESTRAINED
BY NEXT UNIT

8,

(al UNIT RESTRAINED AGAINST END WARPING

p .../

(hl OPEN-ENDED UNIT

FIG 3.2-1 SHEAR DISTORTIONS

.......

('

~--

FIG 3.2-2 CORRUGATION DIMENSIONS

32

September 2004

3.1

DIAPHRACM STIFFNESS

The stiffness of a diaphragm is a direct indication of how it distorts in its own plane under the
influence of shear forces. The need to know such movement is particularly important when assessing
the transfer of forces, through a diaphragm, between adjacent frames or shear walls.
The stiffness of a diaphragm may be measured by testing an assembly such as that in Fig. 2.21.
As the load P increases, the shear deflection ~ is noted. The average shear strain in the system is
'Y = ~while the average shear stress within the diaphragm is T
a
ct

=!: .

Following the classic definition for shear modulus:


T

Pa

"1

It~

G=-=--

(Eq. 3.1-1l

Since the diaphragm is not a thick flat plate, its stiffness is not linear with the thickness t. Noting
that the average shear in Fig. 2.2-1 is equal either along the panel direction or across the panels:

(EQ. 3.1-2l

Then the stiffness G' is defined within the linear test range of P vs.

G' = Gt = !!__ !!___ = Pall


I~

as:

(Eq. 3.1-3l

Typical values for G' in 0.03 in. {0.76 mm} thick material may be on the order 50 kipli11.
{8.75 kN!m} depending on the deck profile and intensity of the connection pattern used. This
translates to an effective modulus G = G'lt = 1667 ksi {11500 MPa}, well below that of the base
material typically about G = 11300 ksi {77900 MPa}. Roof diaphragms may routinely be an order of
magnitude more flexible than flat continuous plates of similar thickness.

September 2004

33

3.2

FACTORS AFFECTING STIFFNESS

Consider a corrugated element as in Fig. 3.21. to represent a unit width of a diaphragm.


As P forces are applied parallel to the edges. shear displacements 8, ensue. The end closure prohibits
changes in the cell geometry through the presence of a restraint P, and the cell is in virtually
pure shear around its girth. were the end closure effect removed while maintaining Pat a fixed level,
relaxation would occur through warping and 8, would increase to 8, + 8" as shown. For the whole
system . .1, represents the total shear deflection for all corrugation and .1" the sum of all warping
relaxation. Then G could be expressed as:
(j'

= ___ftd!-

!EQ. 3.2-11

!1, + ~"

The introduction of discrete connections at panel side-laps further increases the deflection
relaxation under load by an amount of .1, such that:

!EQ. 3.2-21

The evaluation of the !1 terms is given detailed treatment in References 18 and 19 of Appendix 11.
All 3 terms involve/:. t. /,and P and lead to a modified form:
( 1,.

/:'t

-------------~----

2( I +vi;)+ /)n + C

where

!EQ. 3.231

1: = modulus of elasticity
l'

= Poissons ratio, 0.3

Dn = warping coefficient

= slip coefficient

= panel corrugation pitch (See Figure 2.411

=developed flute width per width c/.

= 2rc +

u)

+f

= base sheet metal thickness

September 2004

3.3

STIFFNESS COEFFICIENTS

The slip coefficient C depends on the shear forces directly at the side-laps which, in turn,
depend on the number and location of fasteners in a panel. For the entire width of a diaphragm:

(EQ.3.3-1 l

where

= panel width
S1 = structural connector flexibility
w

= side-lap connector flexibility


f = panel length
a 1 , a 2 = see Section 2.2 for definition
nP, n = see Section 2.2 for definition
E = modulus of elasticity
S1

It is noted that c depends only on !once a particular profile has been selected and its thickness and fastener arrangement established.
The warping coefficients D n measure the warping relaxation at the ends of the diaphragm panels.
The warping is smaller with frequently spaced end connections and penetrates the diaphragm less when
purlins are more closely spaced.
The solution for Dn may involve a mixture of warping constants D depending on fastener
arrangements at panel ends. Reference 18 presents a detailed solution forD values. a summary of
which is given in Appendix IV.
For common 1.5 in. deep decks having 6 in. pitches and end fasteners located in valleys as
indicated:
(Eq. 3.3-21

September 2004

35

Table 3.3-1
D values

Valley Spacing
Each

t
Type

WR

IR

NR

Fourth

Third

Alternate

<in.l

<mm>

<in.l

<m>

<in.)

<m>

<in.l

<m>

<in.l

0.0295

0.75

1549

39.34

12864

326.7

26504

673.2

42404

0.0358

0.91

1159

29.44

9623

244.4

19825

503.6

31719

805.6

0.0474

1.20

761

19.33

6316

160.4

13013

330.5

20819

528.8

0.0295

0.75

2712

68.88

14589

370.6

29131

739.9

46128

0.0358

0.91

2028

51.51

10913

277.2

21790

553.5

34505

876.4

0.0474

1.20

1331

33.81

7163

181.9

14303

363.3

22648

575.3

0.0295

0.75

4271

15388

390.9

29303

744.3

45650

0.0358

0.91

3195

81.15

11511

292.4

21919

556.7

34147

867.3

0.0474

1.20

2097

53.26

7555

191.9

14387

365.4

22413

569.2

108.5

The effect of D" is reduced top D 11 depending on the number of equal spans
length I. p values are given in Table 3.32.

~.within

<m>
1077

1172

1160

the sheet

Table 3.3-2
p values

Spans

1.00

1.00

0.90

0.80

0.71

0.64

The stiffness formula is

<Eq. 3.33)

An alternate form of G' is presented in Appendix IV and, for those cases. its numerical value is
obtained by simple substitution.

3.4

STIFFNESS EXAMPLE
<Refer to Problem 6, Appendix IIU
a.

Wide rib deck <WR> with t = 0.0295 in. and 30/4 weld pattern on all supports
!See Appendix IV for weld pattern definition>.

b.

3 span condition with I=

c.

5/8 in. diameter welds along supports and 2 No. 10 screws per span on all side-laps.

d.

The steel is ASTM A 653


Eq. 4.41:

Jt_

= 18.0 jt and n" = 2 interior purlins.

ss grade 33 with F

11

= 45 ksi.

s1 = 6.70 x 103 in .Ikip

Eq. 4.5.1-2: S, = 17.5 x 103 in.lkip


3-6

September 2004

From Table I in Appendix IV, a 1

spans) (2 screws/span)

= 6.

c = _t s,
H'

= a 2 = 1.60 and n, = (3

_a 1 +

11

5/
,, a,+
- ... n. S-.
I

.\

.I

c = (29500)

0.()295 ] (0.()067)

30

2(1.60) + 2(1.60) + 2(6)

l(?.cJ1~J7 j

(18)(12)

= 7.63

The 30/4 fastener pattern <see Appendix Ill, Problem 6> is such that 2/5 of the width is the
"single valley" type and 3/5 is of the "third valley" type. From Table 3.3-1, D 1 = 1549 in. and D 3 = 26504 in.,
and from Table 3.32 for the 3 span case p = 0.9. Then for
pD 11 =pD=0.9[:v,+51 v,]
I
=68.8
f
-'
. (18 )(12)

For Type WR, IR, and NR decks, sld = 1.454, and


G'

Et

2.6.s_ +pD 11 + C
d

(29500) (0.0295)
2.6(1.454) + 68.8 + 7.63

= 10 _8 kip/in.

Note that the D, 1 term is very sensitive to D 3 and that significant increases in stiffness would
result from the addition of a single fastener on either end of the panels along their centerlines.
This example shows the method for proportioning the D <warping> values when unequal
end-of-panel spaces are encountered. Appendix IV contains a listing from which warping values for
profiles can be determined.

September 2004

37

For all listed shapes in the load tables in Appendix V. c; may be found by simple substitution.
Appendix IV lists simplified equations for the calculation of shear stiffness. For bare <no filll decks, the
simplified equation is

Where K 1 K!. K-1, and D,, are selected from the appropriate tables. For this example,

K1

= 0.-12-1 ji-' <from appropriate load tablel

K1

= 3.78

D"
f,

= IH'vR = 13 77ft

= f>j{

38

September 2004

SECTION 4
CONNECTIONS

September 2004

41

, ..

)
@
~1---'L-------~------~----------~

<1

i
2"
l

:
'
'

'

''

SHEET

STEEL PLAT
SHEET-TO-STRUCTURE CONNECTIONS

-i--,..

>

rSHEE'I
!--.T

SHEET-TO-SHEET (SIDE-LAP) CONNECTIONS

FIG 4.1 CONNECTORS

4-2

September 2004

4.1

CONNECTIONS

The major parts comprising a diaphragm are the deck panels, the structural members to which
they are connected, and the connecting devices or fasteners. The fastener types include welds,
screws, power driven pins, or other mechanical devices having predictable performance. The strength
and stiffness of a diaphragm depend on the panel properties, the span arrangements. and the
connection quality. Changes from one type of connector to another affect the diaphragm response
only to the degree that connections now exhibit different strength and stiffness. Thus it is
essential to know both the fastener shear strength and shear stiffness.
A thirty-year study, under the sponsorship of the Steel Deck Institute and its member companies, has been made at west Virginia University. These studies have led to specific fastener shear
strength values Q and shear flexibility values S. For diaphragm fasteners, the following definitions
are used:
structural connection: A fastener connecting one or more sheets to heavier frame or
structural members. Values are indicated by a subscript/
Side-lap connection: A fastener connecting adjacent panels to each other, but not connecting
to the frame members.
Stitch connection: same as side-lap connection. Values are denoted by a subscripts.

Superior fastener performance ensues when connected parts are in close contact thus
keeping shear eccentricity to a minimum. Individual fastener tests are made by assembling elements
as in Figure 4_1. Fasteners are installed as dictated by specifications and the system loading. During
the loading sequence, both the strength and slip are noted.
The test assembly may involve light gauge material of similar thickness, representing a
side-lap or stitch connection, leading to:

= Stitch connector strength


Sv = Stitch connector flexibility
Qs

When the test specimen involves a thinner unit attached to a heavier unit, representing a
structural connection,

Q1 = Structural connector strength

s1 = structural connector flexibility


Large groups of tests were conducted to establish repeatability and the influence of such
variables as sheet thickness and yield strength. Cross-checks then are made against full-scale
diaphragm tests. Given that different fastener types have differing stiffness and strength values,
one-on-one substitutions may not be possible. The different fastener types may be selected on cost,
reliability, or work force qualifications.
The tests reported in section 4 have been made using ASTM A 611 (replaced by A 1008l steels
in Grades c. D and E; ASTM A 446 (replaced by A 653l steels in Grades A through E; and other miscellaneous steels with known properties. In arc-spot welds made without washers, the material strength
F 11 may not have great significance especially when it is below 60 ksi {410 MPa}. The welding operation raises sheet temperature until metallurgical changes result near the weld, impairing strength
built in either by cold rolling or other controlled means.

September 2004

43

Welds made through weld washers result in the attached sheet being clamped down. The
washer absorbs heat, limits burnout of the panel, and affords stability to the sheet under the washer
!20, 22 and 23l. Weld washers are recommended for panels thinner than (J.0280 in. {0.71 mm}.

4.2

ARC-SPOT WELDS

Arc-spot welds, or puddle welds, are produced by striking an arc on the upper sheet. forcing
a hole to form, while the lower unit is being raised to fusion temperature. With the attainment of
proper temperature. the electrode is moved in a pattern until the hole is filled and fusion attained on
the arc-puddle perimeter. The relative strength. in a series of welds, can be varied significantly by
modest changes in welding times.

4.2.1 ARC-SPOT WELDS TO STRUCTURAL MEMBERS


The welding of thinner sheet materials to heavy structural members requires intimate contact
between the units for proper heat transfer. Further, a proper balance between the welding time and the
electrode burn-off rate is essential to good quality welding. For base sheet metal thickness t, between
0.0280 in. {0.71 mm} and 0.064 in. {/.63 mm}, the nominal shear strength has been found to be:
Q 1 = 2.2tFjd-t). kip

{ Q_.I

= 2.2tf.

11

(d-t)} kN

I()()()

where d

*See text in preface.

!Eq. 4.2.1-11

=average visible diameter !limited to a minimum of0.5 in. {13 mm}>

F 11 = specified minimum steel strength, ksi {MPa}


t

= base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}

For typical steel diaphragms using A 653 ss grade 33 steels having F 1 = 33 ksi {230 MPa},
F 11 = 45 ksi {310 MPa}, and with d = 518 in. {16 mm}:

Q 1 = 99t(O.fJ25-t). kitJ

{Q

!Eq. 421 -21

= 0.682t(/6-tJ}. kN

Few connections within the diaphragm penetrate multiple panel layers. and it is required that
slightly increased welding times be employed at such locations.

4.2.1.1
ARC-SPOT WELD QUALITY CONTROL
-------Welding machine power settings required usually are well below those needed for welding in
hot-rolled steels. The settings should be such that burn-off rates are between 0.15 in. {4 mm} and
0.25 in. {6 mm) of rod per second in typical E60XX or E70XX 5/32 in. rods. The time required per weld
may vary between 3 to 6 seconds or more depending on the properties of parts being connected.
Heavier support steel requires more welding time. but increased power settings may burn out the
panel faster than electrode material can be deposited.
A preliminary field quality check can be made by placing a pair of welds in adjacent valleys at
one end of a panel. An inspection should show the weld material in fused contact over most of the
weld perimeter. Spotty contact may indicate power settings that are excessive. The opposite end of
the panel can be rotated, within the panel plane. placing the welds in shear, and continued rotation
can lead to separation.
44

September 2004

Separation, leaving no apparent external perimeter distress, but occurring at the sheet-tostructure plane, may indicate insufficient welding time and poor fusion with the support steel. Failure
around the external weld perimeter, showing distress within the panel, but the weld still attached to
the support steel, indicates a higher quality weld. The ending of the welding operation may not
permit complete fusion on the whole perimeter. Fusion should be visible over no less than 3/4 of the
weld perimeter.

4.2.2 SIDE-LAP WELDS


In adjacent diaphragm panels with nestable or flat overlapping edges, sheet-to-sheet or stitch
connections may be required away from supporting members. The placement of arc-spot weld at
such side-laps is difficult and, the thinner the material, the more difficult is the welding operation.
Welding of side-laps is not recommended for material of 0.0280 in. {0.7 1 mm} or thinner. It is quite
likely that welding in such thin materials will lead to a hole, which is to be expected, but the
perimeter must be fused. Where excellent nesting exists and using well qualified operators, sheet-tosheet welds have been found to exhibit strengths:
Q\.

= 0.75Ql

(Eq. 4.2.2-1 l

where Q1 is defined in Eq. 4.2.1-1.

4.3

WELDS WITH WASHERS

The weld washer functions as a heat sink allowing hole formation in thinner panels, without
excessive growth of the hole, as support steel temperature is increased. The washer subsequently is
filled with the weld stem growing into the support steel and anchored on the washer's hole perimeter. As the weld metal cools and contracts, the washer is clamped down on the attached sheet. Weld
washers are recommended for panels thinner than 0.0280 in. {0.71 mm}.
Extensive studies involving washers of various thickness, with different hole sizes, and used on
various types of sheet steel have been conducted at West Virginia University (20, 22l. An efficiency
study involving washers of several different thickness, has indicated that OJJ60 in. {1.52 mm} thick
washers are best suited for typical operations. During the welding process, the sheet temperature
reaches elevated values over an area significantly larger than the weld stem. This leads to local relief
of cold-work stresses locked in during panel forming operations. For F 11 values between 60 ksi
{410 MPa} and 120 ksi {830 MPa}, no significant influence of F 11 was found and the material near the
weld behaved as if it were fully relieved. For such washers, the strength was found to be:

Q1 = 99t(l.33d0 +0.3F,/), kip

~+ 584
F,J )} kN
'

{ Qf = 17.3t ( 19.1

(Eq.4.3-1 l

where d, =hole diameter, in. {mm}


F,_~

= electrode strength, ksi {MPa}

=sheet thickness, in. {mm}

Using a 16 gauge washer with d 0 = 318 in. {10 mm} and F II = 45 ksi {310 MPa},
E60XX: Qf = 99t (0.50 + 18t), kip

(Eq. 4.3-2)

E70XX: Qf = 99t (0.50 + 21t), kip

(Eq. 4.3-3)

September 2004

45

For washers with elongated or slotted holes of I in. {25 mm} long by 114 in. {6 mm} wide, and
having loads applied parallel to the weld axis,
E60XX: Q1 = 99t (0.50 + 36t), kip

<Eq. 4.3-4>

It is noted that this slotted weld, at /14 in. {6 mm} by 1 in. {25 mm}, presents a larger weld
area than does the 318 in. { 10 mm} diameter round weld, requires more weld material, and is
stronger.
Nominal 518 in. {16 mm} diameter arc-spot weld of good quality are more efficiently obtained
in metals thicker than 0.0280 in. {0.71 mm} than are welds through washers. Thus washers are not
recommended for panels having thicknesses of 0.0280 in. {0.71 mm} or greater. In no cases should
washers be used at interior side-laps.

4.4

WELD FLEXIBILITIES

The amount of slip or movement experienced, as welds are shear loaded in thin steel elements,
is very small relative to that for most mechanical connectors. The movement essentially is limited to
panel distortion around the weld. The flexibility factor for both arc-spot welds and welds through
washers is well represented by:

S=
1

1.15
in.
1000Vf 'kip

{ S = 33.1
f

IOOOyf

mm
'kN

<Eq. 4.4-1>

where t =base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm}


Properly made side-lap welds can have similar distortion in both layers of material and are
more flexible:

1.25
l!!..:
IOOOvT 'kip

36.0 -}
{ s.I = I()()()
\ t

'mm

kN

<Eq. 4.4-2>

where t =base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}

4.5

SCREW CONNECTIONS

screw connections may be either self-drilling types or self-tapping types that require a drilled
hole for installation. The most commonly used screws are No. 12 and No. 14, though the smaller
No. a and No. 10 may sometimes be used for side-lap connections. The screw shear strength is
dependent on both the screw diameter and the yield strength of the connected sheets.

46

September 2004

In connecting thin elements to heavier structural units such as bar joists or beam flanges,
little difference exists in the shear strength for No. 12 and No. 14 screws. This is because the failure
mode is one in which the sheet material tends to "roll up" on the bearing side of the screw and one
or two tearing lines develop in the sheet. This result is obtained for both screw sizes and, for sheetto-structural steel connections:
For No. 12 or No. 14 screws
!Applicable for 0.0385 in. m.9 mml and thicker support steen
Qt. = I .25FJ
(I -0.005F),
kip
.
.
{ Q = F/
f
3I.5

* see text in preface.

(1-_!j___)}
kN
I380 '

CEQ. 4.5-1)

where t =base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm}

FY = yield strength of sheet steel, ksi {MPa}


For stitch connections between sheets at the side-laps, a different performance ensues. The
screw, not being anchored into a thicker and more rigid element, tips over more easily and, thus, is
more flexible. Its strength may be limited by bearing-tearing in the sheets or. with sufficient tipping,
a tearing-pull out combination.
The SOl screw studies indicate that stitch screw shear strength is virtually independent of F 1.
in all steel panels commonly used as deck diaphragms. The studies concluded that for stitch screws:
Qs = Jl5dt, kip

{ Q.~ = 0.793dt}, kN

CEQ. 4.5-2)

where t = base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}


and

d =major diameter of the screw, in. {mm}

For the stitch screws studied, the following data were obtained:
Size

d (in.)

Q s (kip)

d(mm)

Qs (kN)

O.I635

I8.8t

4.I5

3.29t

IO

O.I867

2I .5t

4.74

3.76t

12

0.2111

24.3t

5.36

4.25t

I4

0.2477

28.5t

6.29

4.99t

4.5.1 SCREW FLEXIBILITIES


For No. 12 and No. 14 screws connecting sheets to heavier support steel material:

s=
.t

1.30
J!!_.
IOOOvt ' kip

{s 1 ~~}. :Jvm

CEQ.4.5.1-1 l

1=

where t =base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}


September 2004

47

For stitch screw specimens. the load-slip curve stays virtually linear and constant at lower
loads. The use of larger screws only leads to a later deviation from the curve. Thus:
S, = 3.0 . i~z.
. 10001/f ktp

86.3 }
{s' =1000\/t

where

mm
' kN

= base sheet metal thickness,

<Eq. 4.5.1-2)
in. {mm)

4.5.2 SCREW QUALITY CONTROL


The quality of the screw itself is not a major problem though they can sometimes fracture
while being driven into heavier support steeL The more common problem is one of allowing the
screw to thread-up on the upper sheet before becoming engaged in lower sheets thus leaving major
eccentricities between units. such screws should be removed and redriven nearby while forcing
sheet layers to remain in contact.

4.6

POWER DRIVEN FASTENERS

Sheet-to-structural connections can be made using nail-like pins, driven either with pneumatic
devices or using powder actuated tools. such fasteners are made from hardened steel and usually have
heat-treated knurled shafts to enhance anchorage. The shaft may have a slight taper and a fixed head,
and can be fitted with washers, concave to the driving direction. to absorb the final driving energy
and thus clamp the sheet in position.
Since there are no predrilled holes, the driving operation displaces material and leaves it
locked under the head or the washers resulting in a very stiff connection. The driving depth is
controlled by the power selection for the tool used. Fastener strength is controlled by driving depths.
These can be determined by establishing tight contact between the fixed head and the deck, or by
measurements on the washered fastener. after driving, which are set by the manufacturer.
The studies made at West Virginia University have involved tests wherein the back-up plates
<See Fig_ 4.1) were 31/n in. {5 nun). 114 in. {6 mm). 5116 in. {8 mm) cold rolled A 36 straps or thicker
wide flange beams <13, 21. 22L The backing element thickness has virtually no effect on shear
strength since the thinner sheet material will control performance through its bearing on the pin
diameter. Within sheet thickness between OJJ24 in. {O.nl mm) and 0.1006 in. {2.56 mm), bearing
controlled - shear failures did not develop across the fastener diameter.
Buildex BX-14:

Qt

= 62.5t(/ -5t).

kip

{Q, ~ 10.9t (1-5 ~N)}.kN


where

<Eq. 4.6-1)

= base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

and
7 i'
s1 = -..

.!.!.!_:__
1OOOvt ' kip
48

September 2004

{sr ~ ,:do~r} :~'


where

(EQ. 4.6-2l

= base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm)

Buildex BX12:

Ql = 59J)t ( l-5f). kip

{Q, ~ 10.331 (1-_,'08 )}.kN


where

(Eq. 4.6-3)

=base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

and
S = 2.5
in .
.t 1OOOvt' kip

{51~ ,;:rj~} 7~'

(Eq. 4.6-4)

where t = base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm)


Hilti ENP2 and ENPH2

[Applicable for 114 in. {6 mm) and thicker support steel1

Qf = 6/.lt (l-4t), kip


)}. kN
{ Q1 = 10.7t ( J-_t
6.35

where

(EQ. 4.6-Sl

= base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm)

and

s-

1.25

111.

f - JOOOvt ' kip

{s~~ ,:;a~}. ~~~


where

(EQ. 4.6-6l

= base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm)

Hilti ENP2K, XEDN19, or XEDNK22

[Applicable for 118 in. {3 mm) through 318 in. { 10 mm) support steell

Q1 = 52 .Ot (1-t). kip


{ Q1

~ 9.111 ( /- 2_~,4)}. kN

(EQ. 4.6-7)

where t = base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm)


and

s=
t

1.25
~
JOOOvt ' kip

{sf~ ,::a~} n;;'


September 2004

(EQ. 4.6-Sl

49

Pneutek SDK61-serles

[Applicable for support steel thickness from O.ll3 in. {2.9 mm) to 0.155 in. {3.9 mm}l
For OJJ280 in. {0.71 mm}

= 55t (1

Q,

{Q

().()60 in. { 1.52 mnz}

- 2t). kitJ

= 9.651

where

(1- 1 ~ 7 )}. kN

(Eq. 4.6-9)

=base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}

Fort< OJJ280 in. {0.71 mm)

= 33.2t ( 1 +

Q!

{Q

=5.8/t

where

20t). kip

(1+/~?)}.kN

(Eq. 4.6-10)

= base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

and
S-=
1

3.0

ooo vT

{S

86.3

1()()() \ t

where

~
kip

} . mm

kN

(Eq. 4.6-11>

= base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

Pneutek SDK63-serles

[Applicable for support steel thickness from 0.155 in. {3.9 mm} to 0.25 in. {6.4 mm}l
For 0.()280 in. {0.71 mm}
= -12 ...J

Q
I

~-OJHJ6 .
)

..J. 95

{ Qt = 189 (t-0.152
126

0.()60 in. {1.52 mm}

/)II

. kiiJ

)ru'}. kN

(Eq. 4.6-12)

where t =base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)


Fort < OJJ280 in. {0.71 mm)

Qt

= 37.5t ( 1 + 20!), kip

{ Q 1 = 6.57t ( 1 + 0.787!)}. kN

where

<Eq. 4.6-13)

= base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}

and

4-10

September 2004

s=

3.0
~
1ooovr ' kip

{sr= 1 ;~~}, ;~
where

CEq. 4.6-14)

= base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

Pneutek K64-series

[Applicable for support steel thickness from 0.187 in. {4.7 mm) to 0.312 in. {7.9 mm}l
For 0.0280 in. {0.71 mm) ::.; t::; 0.060 in. { 1.52 mm)
0.6

= 42.4

Ql
.

t-0.018
2.45

{ Q = 189 ( t-0.457
62.2

where

'kip

)0.6}

kN
'

CEq. 4.6-15l

=base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

Fort< 0.0280 in. {0.71 mm)


Ql = 37.7t ( 1 + 201), kip

{ Q1 = 6.60t (1 + 0.787t)}. kN

CEq. 4.6-16l

where t = base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)


and

S =
f

3.0
in.
1000vf' kip

{S _
f-

86.3 } mm
1000vf ' kN

where

CEq. 4.6-17)

= base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

Pneutek K66-series

[Applicable for support steel thickness from 0.281 in. {7.1 mm) and upl
For 0.0280 in. {0.71 mm) ::; t::; 0.060 in. {/.52 mm)
Ql = 55t ( 1 + 4t), kip

{ Q1 = 9.63t (I + 0.157t)}, kN

CEq. 4.6-18)

where t = base sheet metal thickness, in. {mm)

September 2004

4-11

Fort < OJJ:!80 in. {0.71 mm}

Q 1 = 3:!.1t (I + :!01). kip

I Ql = 5.0:!! (I

+ 0.787t)}. kN

<EQ.

4.6-19l

where r = base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}


and
S-=
1

3.0
~
1ooo vr kip

86.3 } nun
{ s.t = I 000
\ t . kN
where r = base sheet metal thickness,

<EQ. 4.6-20l
in. {mm}

4.6.1 QUALITY CONTROL


A driven fastener should be installed such that the head projects outward, from the attached
part. to limits set by the manufacturer. The axis of the fastener must be substantially perpendicular
to the sheet prior to driving, usually within 10.
The Q, and S1 values in Section 4.6 were established using the Fig. 4.1 test arrangement.
However, when placing pins at the edge of overlaps in a diaphragm, the available flat width is limited.
In full scale diaphragm tests, the distances from the pin center to the edge of a sheet were kept at
or larger than 318 in. { 10 mm}. At end laps, the end distance was kept at or greater than
I in. { 25 mm}. Thus, it is recommended that edge and end fasteners have:
Minimum side-lap edge distances: 318 in. { 10 mm)
Minimum end/end lap distance:

4.7

1.0 in. {25 mm}

BUnON PUNCHED SIDELAPS

In certain panels, one edge has an upstanding single element while the opposite side has a
folded-over double element. As panels are placed. the single element is inserted into the double
element producing an upstanding side-lap that can be button punched for some interlocking. The
tool used forms a 3 layer nest of small cone that is left in a slightly loose state. due to elastic rebound,
as the forming force is removed.
Button punched side-laps do stabilize panel edges, but may contribute little to diaphragm
strength. They can vary greatly in shape and effectiveness. Typical values from well controlled
diaphragm tests at West Virginia University have led to strength and stiffness values of:
Q

= 2-1 () ,::' kitJ

IQ

= !.tJ7f::f. kN

where r

= base sheet metal thickness. in.

<EQ. 4.7-1l
{mm)

and

s
30.0
. ' =f(if)if\T

{s

=
I

Ill .

kip

.863 } . mm
I 000 \ 1
kN

<Eq. 4.7-2l
412

September 2004

In a typical 0.0295 in. {0.75 mm) thickness, Eq. 4.7-1 yields a 209 pounds {930N) strength which
is about 30% of the strength with a No. 12 stitch screw. The flexibility is several times greater than that
for a No. 12 screw.
The quality of button punching is difficult to maintain. The quality of the attachment depends
on the care and the energy used by the installer and the tool that is used. A conservative approach
for using the tables in Appendix v for diaphragms with button punched side-laps is to consider the
button punches as having zero strength and then use the first line in each table. If a totally controlled
mechanical punching device is developed, the strength and stiffness values can be established and
appropriate load tables generated.
Diaphragms, required to resist higher shears. may be required to have structural connections
immediately to either side of the upstanding side-lap at supports. Otherwise, the majority of shear
force will be transmitted across panel edges through the button punches only. <See Fig_ 16 of
Appendix IIU

4.8

OTHER CONNECTIONS

The diaphragm studies have included fasteners other than those described in the preceeding
sections. Included were various sizes of pneumatically driven pins. screws with plastic covered heads,
and blind rivets similar to pop-rivets. Given their individual strength and stiffness, their influence in
diaphragms is equally as predictable as is that of the connections reported.
The introduction of some new connector for diaphragms requires that its strength and
stiffness be found. Diaphragm design using it then can be accomplished directly. Full scale testing, as
might be required, then is in the proper role of confirming expected performance.

4.9

FASTENERS IN TENSION

In addition to resisting loads in shear, the connections in diaphragms are often loaded
in tension. such loads generally are the result of uplift pressures from wind forces. see the
Steel Deck Institute publication, Roof Deck construction Handbook. or the American Iron and steel
Institute publication, the 2001 edition of the North American Specification for the Design of ColdFormed steel structural Members <37>, for a complete discussion on this subject.

4.9.1ARCSPOT WELDS
The American Iron and Steel Institute <A lSD publication, the 2001 edition of the North American
Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed steel Structural Members <37>, defines the nominal
strength of an arc-spot weld in tension. At the side-lap connection within the deck system where
the arc-spot weld is loaded in tension with eccentricity, the nominal tensile strength of the weld
connection is taken as 70% of the value defined by the AISI publication. Appendix IV lists the nominal
tensile resistance of some common concentrically tension-loaded arc-spot welds connecting single
sheet to supporting member.

4.9.2 SCREW CONNECTIONS


Provisions for screw connections in tension are also found in the American Iron and
steel Institute publication, the 2001 edition of the North American Specification for the Design of
Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members <37>. The nominal strength of a screw loaded in tension is
based on the lesser of the pull-out strength and the pull-over strength. Appendix IV lists the nominal
resistance of several commonly encountered screws loaded in tension.
September 2004

413

4.9.3 POWER DRIVEN FASTENERS


Provisions for power driven fasteners have been developed by the fastener manufacturers.
Bulldex BX-12 I BX-14

The general equation for nominal resistance of these pins in tension is


T nor =1.5tdw F u
where t is the thickness of the deck sheet in contact with fastener head, in.
d w is the lesser of the actual diameter of the fastener washer <0.562> or 112 in.
F II is the ultimate strength of the deck sheet, ksi
Hllti ENP2 I ENPH2 I ENP2K

The general equation for these pins in tension is


T /10\' =1.7tdH' F II
where t is the thickness of the deck sheet, in.
d 1\' is the lesser of the actual diameter of the fastener washer <0.591 l or 112 in.
F II is the ultimate strength of the deck sheet, ksi
Hllti XEDN19 I XEDNK22

The general equation for these pins in tension is


T,u)\ = 1 .7 t dw F 11
where t is the thickness of the deck sheet, in.
d is the lesser of the actual diameter of the fastener washer <0.474> or 112 in.
F II is the ultimate strength of the deck sheet, ksi
It'

Pneutek SDK61-. SDK63-. K64. and K66 series

The general equation for nominal resistance of these pins in tension is


T 1101 . = 32.2 D 11 ~ F 11
where D 11 is the diameter of the head of the pin, in.
t is the thickness of the deck sheet, in.
F II is the ultimate strength of the deck sheet, ksi

4.9.4 RESISTANCE FACTORS I SAFETY FACTORS


The tension strengths from section 4.9 must be modified by ressistance factors <<!>factors> per
the "Load and Resistance Factor Design" <LRFD> or by safety factors en factors> per the "Allowable
Stress Design" <ASD>.
The resistance factor for welded construction subject to tension is"'
'I'll
factor for screws or power-driven fasteners subject to tension is"'
'I'll = 0.5.
The safety factor for welded construction subject to tension is
power-driven fasteners subject to tension is n II = 3 .0.

414

II

0.6 and the resistance

2.5 and for screws or

September 2004

4.10 COMBINED SHEAR AND TENSION ON FASTENERS


In addition to shear forces and tension forces on the diaphragm, there is the question of their
interaction. Research at West Virginia University has concluded that there is an interaction between
the two forces.
The interaction between shear and tension for arc-spot welds is described by
(

1.5
)

<I>Qt

If(~ )

+~
<l>,ln

15
-:;,

)/.5

-:;,1

ASD:

QQ )

15

Qt

If

0.1 5, no interaction check

<I>Jn

is required

(Q,7)
Til

+( Q,7
)
Tn

15
-:;,

0.15.

15

-:;,

1.0

no interaction check
is required

For screw fasteners and Hilti power driven fasteners, the shear-tension interaction is described by
If

QIIT
Til

> 0.15,

For Pneutek fasteners the shear-tension interaction is described by

If(~)::-:;, 0.15.
<l>uTn

lf(Q:,T)::
1,,

no interaction check
is required

where QII = required shear strength


<including the appropriate
load facton
T ll = required tensile strength
(including the appropriate
load facton
<!>Q1 = factored nominal shear
strength
<1>,7" = factored nominal tensile
strength
<1> = resistance factor for a
connection in shear
<l>u = resistance factor for a weld
connection in tension= 0.6
<l>u = resistance factor for a
screw, Hilti or Pneutek
connection in tension= 0.5

September 2004

-:;,0./5,

no interaction check
is required

where Q = required shear strength


(service value>
T = required tensile strength
(service value>
Q11Q = allowable shear
strength
Til ;Qu = allowable tensile
strength
Q = safety factor for a
connection in shear
Qu = safety factor for a weld
connection in
tension = 2.5
Q/1

415

= safety factor for a screw,


Hilti or Pneutek connection in tension = 3.0

SECTION 5
FILLED DIAPHRAGMS

September 2004

51

PURLIN WITH PARTICULAR


CONNECTOR PATTERN

UNIFORMLY SPACED
EDGE FASTEN ERS
~
I

~I
I

~r
~

_____;

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

;..

II

_j

~I-

I_

I -!*

I
-I

-II

_jj

PANEL END OR
END LAP

-1

~DECKOV ERLAP

M'

SIDE-LAP
(a)

PANEL LAYOUT AND FASTENER ARRANGEMENT

DECK OVERLAP
SIDE-LAP

(b) CONCRETE FILLED DIAPHRAGM SHOWING COVER DEPTH


OVER TOP OF STEEL DECK

FIG 5.1

52

September 2004

5.1

CONCRETE FILLED DIAPHRAGMS

steel diaphragms may be reinforced with overlay of insulating concrete, structural concrete,
or by directly attached flat panels used to produce a flat surface. such devices present additional
paths through which shear forces may traverse the diaphragm. consider the diaphragm segment
shown in Fig. 5.1 where the shaded areas are shear zones in the concrete above the steel deck.
The shallowest zone above the top of the deck would present a shear area along the side-lap. The
concrete that fills the corrugations prohibits or limits end warping and local corner buckling. Without
local warping, the shear term of EQ. 2.24 would approach unity.
concrete nominal shear strength for deep webs are reported in the form V11 = kdch Vi:
where k is a factor and dch is the "web area" available for shear transfer C30>. For the interior areas of
a diaphragm, the shear strength takes the form:
S11

= BQl + kbdc Vi:


I

CEQ. 5.11>

2
2
where B = n5 a s + _!___
w2 [2n p I(xp ) + 4I(x e ) ] from Section 2

Ql = structural connector strength

I = panel length
k =test constant
h = unit width, for us units b = 12 in., for Sl units h = /000 mm
de = concrete cover depth

f' c = specified compressive strength of concrete

5.2

INSULATING CONCRETE

Lightweight insulating concrete, with vermiculite aggregate, is used over "centering" type
corrugated galvanized decks.
Type 1 insulating concrete without insulation board:

Tests using a minimum de of 2.5 in. {65 mm} C15> have shown that the diaphragm shear
strength, away from the perimeter, is increased above that of the base diaphragm to:

S11 = BQl + khdcVi:


I
where for us units k =

September 2004

CEQ. 5.21>

f and for Sl units k = 0.111

53

TYPe 11 Insulating concrete with Insulation board:


In certain constructions. a layer of insulating concrete is placed to a level slightly above
corrugation crests. Rigid insulation boards of expanded cellular polystyrene. having about 2% of
the area containing holes. are then embedded into the concrete and the excess concrete moves
into the openings. Insulation boards are held 3ft away from the diaphragm shear resisting lines.
A topping coat of 2 in. {50 mm} of similar concrete then is used to finish the diaphragms. such
diaphragms (35, 36l have been found to exhibit interior shear strength of at least

s"

= 8 Qr + o.rJ6-I Vi:.

{ S 11

kiplft

= BQI + l/.2\lf:}. kN/m

(Eq. 5.2-2l

where B is defined above


Q1 = structural connector strength. kip {kN}

I = panellength ../f {m}


d, = concrete cover depth, in. {mm}
f',

= specified compressive strength of concrete. psi {MPa}

The types of welding and perimeter member connections may vary or cover depths may be
increased leading to higher shear values. However, as a minimum. the following shear strength
equations are to be used for Types 1 and II assemblies:[,= 125 psi {0.862 MPa}:
Type

.)' 11

= ~_(}! + 0.-1-17.

kip(fi H'ith d,

= 2.5

in.

(Eq. 5.2-31

I
{S

11

= f!Q,

+ 6.70}. kN/m u-ith d,

= 65 mm

I
5," = BQ, + 0. 716. kip(fi
I

Type 11

{ S"

5.3

= BQt +
T

(Eq. 5.2-41

10.-1}. kN!m

STRUCTURAL CONCRETE

The effect of adding normal or lightweight structural concrete to a steel diaphragm may
greatly increase shear strength given sufficient perimeter attachments to transfer forces across the
diaphragm perimeters. With greater concrete cover depths. the interior shear strength can approach
that for a reinforced flat slab of thickness ((. For concrete-filled floor deck diaphragms having cover
depths between 2 in. and 6 in .. measured shear stresses on the order of 3.5vrover the shear area
d, (have been reported (261. Shear increases with depth and methods of attachment. but as a minimum for decks having at least d, = 2.5 in. {r)5 mm) and() x 6-\\"1.-1 x H 1.-1{ /52 x /52- MW'9.1 x M~t'9.1)
mesh reinforcement,
S, = ~~_(!__~ + khd, \ ~~(Eq. 5.3-1 l
II./ '

where for us units k = --- - -- --;---- and for 51 umts k =


585 ( /(}')
H.

-152(/0'')

is shown in Eq. 5.3-2

As a minimum, the following shear strength equations are to be used for assemblies with
d, = 2.5 in. {65 mm} andt;' =.WOO psi {20 MPa};
54

September 2004

BQl

For w

= 145 pcf, s/1 = T + 4.90, kip(ft

For w

= 110 pcf,

For w

= 2300 kg/m 3 , s/1 = T + 70.9,

S II

BQl

For w = 1750 kg/m 3 ,

5.4

BQl

1
= -
I + 3.24, ki]JIJ t

<Eq. 5.3-2)

kN/m

BQl

s/1 = T + 47.1' kN/m

PERIMETER CONNECTIONS

The perimeter connections at the extreme ends of the panels are spaced as dictated by the B
term in Eq. 5.3-1. However. since the concrete fill may add significantly to the strength within the
system. it may be necessary to increase the number or strength of perimeter connections in order to
develop strengths indicated in Eq. 5.3-1.
If the full strength is needed, perimeter edge fasteners must be spaced no greater than
<Eq. 5.4-1 l

e = Ql

sn

where Ql = nominal structural connector strength


sn = nominal linear diaphragm shear
with e not to exceed 30 in. {750 mm} when L 1 is 5 ft 0 in. { 1.50 m} or more.
LRFD: If the required strength (Sit) is less than the factored nominal strength
e

~Qf ~ emax

<Eq. 5.4-2>

II

where <I>Qt = factored structural connector strength


Sit = required linear diaphragm shear factored for LRFD
emax

ASD:

= 30 in. or 750 mm

If the required strength (S) is less than the allowable strength


Ql/Q

= --s-

<Eq. 5.4-2)

emax

where Ql 10. = allowable structural connector strength


s = required linear diaphragm shear in service value for ASD
ema.r

= 30 in. or 750 mm

Intermediate side-lap fasteners for concrete filled diaphragm add little to the diaphragm shear
strength once the wet concrete has cured. However. there are reasonable maximum spacings to limit
the differential deflection between adjacent panels which can result in concrete leakage. The 30 in.
maximum spacing is a practical limit from common practice. see section 2.6 for further instructions.

5.5

STUD CONNECTIONS

Perimeter connections may include shear studs extending into the concrete leading to
enhanced shear strength. stud nominal shear strength values may be used in Eq. 5.4-1 to substitute
for part or all of the perimeter connections. The AISC-LRFD Manual of Steel construction assigns
design strength for shear values and reduction coefficients to account for their being placed through
steel deck profiles. <Refer to Example Problem 16 in Appendix lll.l
September 2004

55

5.6

STIFFNESS AND DEFLECTIONS

The presence of concrete fill over the corrugated shape of a diaphragm substantially
eliminates panel end warping for loads within the design range. Thus the pD,, term of Eq. 3.3-3
approaches zero. Further. the steel panel shear force is proportionately smaller with the added
concrete shear resistance and the total stiffness is increased to.
G' =

Et
fs)

2.6 ~d +C

(!;

G' =

+ 3 .5dc

2.6 d +C

(J' c )0 .7 , k.tp;tn.

+ 0.786d, (!',)" 7

kN/mm

CEq. 5.6-1>
where C = coefficient defined in Eq. 3.3-1
E = modulus of elasticity= 29500 ksi {210,000 MPa = 210 kN/mm2}
t

= base sheet metal thickness. in. {mm}

de= thickness of concrete above deck. in. {mm}


f'c = specified compressive strength of concrete. psi {MPa}

K 2 K3 and K-1 = coefficient found in Appendix AIV

5.7

RESISTANCE FACTORS I SAFETY FACTORS:

Filled diaphragms are assembled from steel deck and a material that covers the steel deck.
Noting that the combination of the steel deck and the covering material can lead to increased
variability, the filled diaphragms have the following resistance factors 1 safety factors:
Table 5.1
<I>

Diaphragm condition

0.50 3.25 For filled diaphragms subjected to earthquake loads. or subjected to load combinations
which include earthquake loads.
0.50 3.25 For filled diaphragms subjected to wind loads. or subjected to load combinations which
include wind loads.
0.50 3.25 For filled diaphragms subjected to load combinations not involving wind or earthquake
loads.

5.8

OTHER SYSTEMS

Systematic attachment of rigid flat panels to the top corrugations of a diaphragm can increase
both diaphragm strength and stiffness. such panels can include mineral boards C20> or other flat panel
units suitable to receive an upper finish. Properly located attachments through the panels and into
the tops of deck corrugations. particularly on the diaphragm perimeter. limit warping and increase
shear stiffness. The flat elements themselves provide additional shear transfer paths. Testing may be
required for determining system shear values.
56

September 2004

APPENDIX I
SYMBOLS
APPENDIX II
REFERENCES

September 2004

Al1

APPENDIX I
Symbols
Diaphragm width perpendicular to panel span direction - may be taken as equal to
joist length for finding G' or S11
h

Diaphragm dimension. or

Panel unit width. /2 in. for

Slip relaxation constant

us unit or 1000 mm for Sl unit

External diameter of arc-spot weld, or


cl

corrugation pitch
Panel warping constants. or

/)

Panel depth
Modulus of Elasticity, 2CJ500 ksi {210000 MPa = 210 /.:Ninm(2}
Panel yield strength
Panel ultimate strength

F,,

Electrode strength

Elastic modulus in shear

(j'

Diaphragm shear stiffness

Panel moment of inertia per unit panel width

~I

Slip relaxation constant

Panel length
Purlin or joist spacing

M,.:'-1.,
II,

II f'

Resisting shear couples at panel ends and purlins


Number of intermediate sheet-to-structure connections per panel length and
between purlins at the diaphragm edge
f
Number of purlins in length excluding those at ends and end laps
Number of intermediate side-lap connections in length 1 per panel side-lap

II'''

The number of panels in the width a


The average number of connectors per unit width along panel ends

Required allowable diaphragm strength for ASD


Nominal diaphragm strength
Required factored diaphragm strength for LRFD

Al2

September 2004

Fastener required allowable shear strengh


Fastener strength, panel-to-frame
Fastener strength, panel-to-panel
Fastener required factored shear strength
Line loads at diaphragm edges
Diaphragm reactions

Required allowable linear diaphragm shear for ASD


Fastener flexibility factors, panel-to-frame
Fastener flexibility factors, panel-to-panel
Nominal linear diaphragm shear
Required factored linear diaphragm shear for LRFD

Developed width of corrugation per pitch d

Fastener required allowable tensile strengh


Fastener nominal tensile strength
Fastener nominal pull over strength
Fastener required factored tensile strength

Base sheet metal thickness

14'

Panel width, or
concrete weight

Xe

Distance from panel centerline to fastener at end support

x,

Distance from panel centerline to fastener at purlins


Fastener weighing factors
Fastener pattern factor 1 Panel buckling factor
Shear Strains
Total shear displacement

= ~.\

~'

Resistance factor

Purlin effect on warping

Poisson's Ratio

Shear stress
Safety factor

September 2004

Al3

~,.

~~~~

APPENDIX II
REFERENCES
1.

Ammar, A. R. and Nilson, A. H., "Analysis of Light Gage Steel Shear Diaphragms," Part I and II,
Report Nos. 350 and 351, Department of structural Engineering, cornell University, August 1972
and July 1973.

2.

Apparao, T.V.S.R., "Tests on Light Gage steel Diaphragms," Report No. 328, Department of
structural Engineering, cornell University, December 1966.

3.

Bryan, E. R., The stressed Skin Design of Steel Building, Constrado Monographs, crosby
Lockwood Staples, London, England, 1972.

4.

Bryan, E. R. and EI-Dakhakhni, w. M., "Shear Flexibility and Strength of corrugated Decks,"
Journal of the structural Division, ASCE, volume 94, No. ST 11, November 1968, pp. 2544-2580.

5.

Bryan. E. R. and Jackson, P., "The Shear Behavior of corrugated steel Sheeting," Symposium on
Thin Walled steel Structures. University of swansea, September 1967, pp. 258-274.

6.

Davies, J. M., "Calculation of Steel Diaphragm Behavior," Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE,
July 1976, pp. 1411-1430.

7.

Davies, J. M. and Lawson, R. M., The Shear Flexibility of Profiled Sheeting, 3rd conference on
Cold-Formed steel Structures, University of Missouri-Rolla, November 1975.

8.

Davies, J. M., "Simplified Diaphragm Analysis," Journal of the structural Division, ASCE, Volume
103, November 1977, pp. 2093-2109.

9.

Easley, J. T., "Buckling Formulas for corrugated Metal Shear Diaphragms," Journal of the
structural Division, ASCE, Volume 101, July 1975, pp. 1403-1417.

10.

Easley, J. T., "Strength and Stiffness of corrugated Metal Shear Diaphragms," Journal of the
Structural Division, ASCE, Volume 103, January 1977, pp. 169-180.

11.

Heagler, R. B., "How to Fasten steel Deck," Modern steel construction AISC, Chicago, First
Quarter, 1982.

12.

Huang, H. T., Theoretical and Physical Approach to Light Gage Steel Shear Diaphragms. Ph.D.
Dissertation, west Virginia University, Department of Civil Engineering, 1979.

13.

Klinger. c. J., Strength and Flexibility of Mechanical Connectors in Steel Shear Diaphragms, MSCE
Thesis, west Virginia University, 1986.

September 2004

All1

14.

Lawson. R. M., "The Flexibility of Practical Shear Diaphragms," Report No. 75/69, Department
of Civil Engineering, University of Salford. England. october 1975.

15.

Luttrell, L. D.. screw connected Shear Diaphragms. second conference on Cold Formed Steel
structures. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla, October 1973,
pp. 365-373.

16.

Luttrell. L. D. and Ellifritt, D. s .. "The strength and Stiffness of steel Deck Subjected to In-Plane
Loading," Report No. 2011. Department of Civil Engineering, west Virginia University, 1970.

17.

Luttrell, L. D. and Huang, H. T., "Theoretical and Physical Evaluations of Steel Shear Diaphragms,"
Fifth International specialty conference on Cold-Formed structures, University of MissouriRolla. November 1980.

18.

Luttrell, L. D. and Huang, H. T.. Steel Deck Diaphragm studies, Steel Deck Institute, St. Louis,
Missouri, 1981 <published with DDM 1>.

19.

Luttrell, L. D.. Steel Deck Institute Diaphragm Manual. DDM 1, St. Louis, Missouri, 1981.

20.

Luttrell, L. D.. "Load master Roof Deck Systems -Weld studies, Vol. 11." west Virginia University,
Report 2045L, June 1984.

21.

Luttrell, L. D., "Steel Diaphragms Using Ramset 26SD Fasteners," west Virginia University,
Report 2046L, June 1984.

22.

Luttrell, L. D.. "Recommended connector Strengths for Steel Diaphragms." Report to S.D.I.,
June 1986.

23.

Luttrell, L. D.. "Arc-Puddle Welds and Weld washers for Attachments in Steel Deck", Report to
S.D.I., August 17, 1993

24.

Nelson. A. H.. "Shear Diaphragms of Light Gage Steel," Journal of the Structural Division. ASCE,
NOV.,1960.

25.

Pekoz. T. and McGuire. w .. "Welding of Sheet steel," Fifth International Specialty conference on
Cold-Formed structures, University of Missouri-Rolla, November 1980.

26.

Porter. M. L. and Greimann, L. F., "Composite Steel Deck Diaphragm Slabs - Design Modes,"
Sixth International Specialty conference on Cold-Formed Structures. University of MissouriRolla. November 1982.

27.

Ravindra. M. K. and Galambos. T.v.. "Load and Resistance Factor Design for Steel," Journal of
the Structural Division, ASCE, Volume 104, No. ST 9, September 1978, pp. 1337-1353.

All2

September 2004

28.

Wiewel, Harry, "Evaluation of the Ramset 26SD Powder Activated Fastener," Ramset
Fastening Systems, Olin corp., July 1984.

29.

Yu, Wei-Wen, Cold-Formed Steel Design, John Wiley & sons, New York, 1985.

30.

---- Building Code Requirements for Reinforced concrete, American concrete Institute,
ACI-318-77, March 1981.

31.

----Cold-Formed steel Design Manual, American Iron and Steel Institute, washington, D.C., 1996.

32.

---- Diaphragm Action of Cellular Steel Floor and Deck Roof construction, Bull. No.3, canadian
Sheet Steel Building Institute, Mississauga, Ont., 1972.

33.

---- Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other structures, American National Standards
Institute, A58.1-1982, New York.

34.

---- Seismic Design for Buildings !Tri-Services Technical Manual>, Depts. of Army, Navy, and Air
Force, u.s. Government Printing Office, Philadelphia, February 1982.

35.

---- "Zonolite Roof Deck Insulation," w. R. Grace canst. Pdts. Div., cambridge, MA, 1981.

36.

---- "Report on Diaphragm Behavior of Roof Decks with zonolite-lnsulperm," s. B. Barnes,


Assoc., Los Angeles, 1977 for w. R. Grace, cambridge, MA.

37.

---- North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed steel structural Members,
American Iron and Steel Institute, CANACERO, canadian Standards Association, 2001.

38.

---- Minimum Design Loads in Buildings and Other Structures, ASCE 7-98, American society of
Civil Engineers.

39.

---- supplement 2004 to the North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed
steel structural Members, 2001 Edition. American Iron and Steel Institute, CANACERO,
canadian standards Association.

September 2004

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APPENDIX Ill
SHEAR DIAPHRAGM EXAMPLES

September 2004

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- - - - f'=2h

FIG. 1.1

0
0

FIG. 1.2

SHEET

SECTION- A

Alll2

September 2004

INTRODUCTION
The following series of design examples are arranged to illustrate selected problems encountered in the use of diaphragms. The more common problems usually are not in the assessment of
either strength or stiffness. but in the structural analysis itself and particularly in the determination
of deflections. For indeterminate structural systems. it is essential to know displacements, else the
proper assignment of force distribution through the system may not be possible.
The first five examples introduce simple behavioral concepts including simple methods of
deflection calculations. The remaining examples focus more toward design evaluations and,
necessarily, they are limited to a specific loading condition. The assumed loading conditions are for
illustrative purposes. A specific building design must be based on its own design loads that come
from any direction.

EXAMPLE 1 DIAPHRACM BEHAVIOR


The rectangular areas of Figures 1.1 and 1.2 have different shear transfer systems. compare
the two when all perimeter areas are pin-connected at their ends.

= 15 kip

= 66.7 kN

a.

components of P, Horizontal:
vertical:
Find:

p ,.

4 p
5
-

H" =ph
R"

b.

p h = -3 p
5

= 4.5 kip

{R"

= 20.0 kN)

ph= 9 kip

{PI,

= 40.0 kN}

P,=l2kip

{P,.

= 53.4 kN)

Ha

= 9 kip

{Ha

= 40.0 kN}

Rt>

= 7.5 kip

{Rt>

= 33.4 kN)

Truss (Figure 1.1>

The truss diagonal has a horizontal component of 9 kip {40.0 kN) and a vertical component of
resulting in a tension force of 10.1 kip {44.7 kN). The average shear across the
panels is, parallel to 2h,
40 kN _ 20 kN )
s = 9 kip = 4.5 kip
----2h
h
2h
h

4.5 kip {20.0 kN)

and parallel to b, S
c.

= 45 kip
b

20hkN) . an equal value.

Diaphragm (Figure 1.2>

The diaphragm resists distortion of the rectangular area, as does the diagonal member in the
truss. The average shears along both the long and short dimensions are:

s = H(/ =
2h

R(/

4.5 kip

I20,)kN)

Notes: The perimeter members are integral parts of the system and must be stable in order to
transfer forces through the system. Given the diaphragm stiffness properties, its
deflection under the load can be precisely modeled by a properly arranged truss.
(See example 3.l
September 2004

Alll3

R -

-1 _l

---- ll

~_)-

!!..,
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

:r:

.....l
U-l f-

z 0z
U-l

.....l

cp

0-

,r---

.,

I
I

GAGE

LAYOUT
I

f?\_}_

~------

II

............ ..,

01
I

:_L
R ----

-1

fj.-,

I
FIG 2.1

FIG 2.2

I
I
I

FIG 2.3
Alll-4

September 2004

EXAMPLE 2 STIFFNESS
A diaphragm of width a and length h is to be tested to confirm predicted strength and
stiffness values. Figure 2.1 indicates the shape of the assembly.
a.
For various stages of the gradually applied load P, record all corner movements as
indicated by the gage layout. Gages 3, 4, and 5 will indicate any movement of the supports, which
must be removed to arrive at the actual shear deflection. !1 1 will be virtually identical to !12 noting that
axial strains in the perimeter members will be small. Find the net shear deflection to be:
/1 = gl 2+ g2 _ ,.,3
o -!!._
(o + o)
h ,.,.. <'>5
where g values are the net movements at each gage position.
b.
Plot P versus !1 as in Fig. 2.2. G' is defined as relative to the slope of the line through
0.4 P11 in the substantially linear range. For small angles, the angle "' of Fig. 2.1 and its tangent are
essentially equal. Then.
G' = ~ = P a= 0.4 P 11 a
"/ !1h
!1h

S = p" = Rn
11
h
a
P11 = ultimate observed load.

Notes: The average shears are identical either parallel to a or h. Stiffness depends, among
other factors, on panel length and the fastener patterns. Had the panels spanned a
shorter dimension a, a different stiffness value could have developed.
c.

suppose G' = 20 kip/in. {3.50 kN!mm), find the displacement/1 in the wall system of Fig. 2.3.

The analysis has led to S = 150 plf {2.19 kN!m) along the wall top. The wall ish= 18ft {5.49 m)
high and h =42ft { 12.8 m) wide.

G' = ~ = S h or 11 = S h
"'
!1
G'
!1 = 0.135 in. {3.4 mm)

Note: A structural member must exist at the top and bottom of the wall along h for continuous shear transfer.

September 2004

AIIIS

"=

/~( -0"

~~
~v

h = 20' -0"

\
r0~
--- --- -~I'-"
--- - --I
-yl

I
I
I

---

---JI
I

p
h

'

'

'

/J =

::.o -O"

'

'

'
'

...

---~

= /8' -0"

'

-------

FIG 3
AIU-6

September 2004

EXAMPLE 3 TRUSS ANALOCY


A diaphragm area of h = 18ft {5.49 m} and h = 20 jf {6.10 m} has been found to have a stiffness
of G' = 15 kip/in. {2.63 kN!mm} and an unnotched design shearS= 200 p(/"{2.92 kN/m}. Find the shear
deflection and compare the evaluation to deflections in a truss of similar size. P = S h. P = 4 kifJ { 17.R kN}.

a.

~=Ph
G'h

S _ Plh _ Ph
G ._
-----'Y ~/h
~h

= 0.24

in.

{6./ mm}

b.

consider the truss in Figure 3 as having pinned connections and a steel rod of d = 0.75 in.
{ 19 mm} and area A". The four perimeter members are presumed to have very large areas relative to
At. as often is the case for supplemental bracing. Then,

{8.20 m}

T = 5.38 kip

c.

{23.9 kN}

= 0.133 in.

{3.27

= 0.179 in.

{4.40 mm}

111111}

Find the area A" required for the truss to have a deflection~

= 0.24 in.

{6.10 mm}.

d.
Suppose the systems in a.!diaphragm systeml and b.!truss systeml were used jointly.
Find the final displacement and how the load is shared.
The stiffness of the truss system is:

G' =Ph
t
~ h

G', = 20.1 kip/in.

The stiffness of the diaphragm is given as 15 kip/in. {2.63 kN!m}.

September 2004

Al117

{3.52 kN/mm}

The combined or system stiffness is

The truss will carry

P
I

The diaphragm will carry

c~

= G'

= c, P
G'

G',

= 35.1

/.:iplin.

(6.1-/. kN!mm)

P, = 2.29 kip

( 10.2 kN}

P"=1.71kip

{7.61 kN}

G'
P,=- p

'

+ G',

The deformation compatibility is confirmed by checking the deflection of the components.


The system deflection is

~ =Ph
I
G' ,I h

~~

= 0.103 in.

{2.61 mm}

The truss deflection is

~ = P,h
I
G',h

~~

= 0.103 in.

{2.61 mm)

The diaphragm deflection is

~ _ P"h
"- G' h

~" = 0.103 in.

{2.61 mm}

Note: In mixed systems, loads are shared in proportion to the relative stiffness. Further it can
be seen that a single diagonal could be used to model the stiffness of a diaphragm.
For further information of mixed systems, refer to "The Interaction of Shear
Diaphragms and Diagonal Bracing" by Walter A. Jankowski and Dr. Don Sherman
presented at the Ninth International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel
Structures, St. Louis, Missouri. November 8-9, 1988.

September 2004

Alll9

q (p(f)

;~

1 1 1 1 1 1 1
~ ~ ~

-..---____..:;":;,:_'----.

~-~-~---1~~-----------~-~~~~

~~-x

~ ~ ~ ~

(a)

-dx---+-

(hJ SHEAR ELEMENT AT X

(c)

SHEAR DIAGRAM
JOISTS

~I

DIAPHRAGM
PAl\ELS

_t____.~----------------------------~

~-

f---------+1
(d) DIAPHRAGM PLAN

FICi4
Alll10

September 2004

EXAMPLE 4 DEFLECTIONS
The diaphragm of Fig. 4(d) represents the roof diaphragm indicated in Fig. 4(a) where q is
the total un-factored line load from both the windward and leeward walls. Find the deflection at the
centerline of the diaphragm given:
q

= 200 plf

{2.92 kN!m}

I= 125.ff {38.1 m}

G'

= 40 .If

I I
l
{I "--Ill;

= 30 kip/in.

{5.25 kN!m}

Joist beams are at 10ft on center. each with area

S=~

s = 313 p(l

{4.56 kN/111)

consider the moment of inertia conservatively as being comprised from the two outermost
joists only. Then,

I = 2 Ap (

~ )'

Bending deflection:

I= 1.15 x lOr' in-'


~ - 5 q !-'
" -384 E I

~,,

{4.80

= 0.032

10 11 111111-'}

in.

Shear deflection: From Example 2, the shear strain 'Y is y

{0.795 111111}

= 5 = dy

. the slope of the shear


G' dr
deflected shape. At any point .r in Fig 4(C), the average shear across the diaphragm is:

( ~ -qx)
s=

S_dy_ql(f
- - - - - - - _ \-.)
G' dr
h G' 2

and

~.' = Jfdv- = J_!L


(.f_ - x)dr
hG' 2

leading to

q f2

8h

c;

~~

= 0.326 in.

{8.3

1/llllj

{9.1

111111)

(}

The total deflection calculated is

= ~h + ~.\

= 0.358 in.

Note that the ~" value is based on beam theory requiring the "beam" to be several times
longer than it is deep and which theory presumes a c stiffness an order of magnitude greater than
what is common in diaphragms. <See section 3.1.) Further note that. even if a bending theory were
applicable, the I = 1.15 x f(Jf' in-' may be considerably too small. The more correct deflection then is
design ~mar = 0.326 in.

September 2004

Alll11

STIFFNESS AND FLEXIBILITY Some design manuals specify diaphragm flexibility for the
purpose of finding displacement (321. Using the Fig 4(d) diaphragm, compare the cited canadian
reference to SOl stiffness values.
SDI

canadian

= 125ft

= 125./f

= 200 p(l

= 200 pll

D =40ft

b =40ft

wl

R=2

va1'e

= 33.33

L1
w

q I

V,=/2.5/.:ip

= 156.25 p(l

in.llbf

V""'' IF
2000000

G'

= 30 kip/in.

L1.,. = 0.325 ;,1.

= 0.326 in.

Then

But noting that h

= D, the resulting equality is

wF

= _g_ . /Or'
G'

some authorities define diaphragms as in the following list that shows direct comparisons.

Flexible
semi-flexible
semi-rigid
Rigid

Flexible
Semi-flexible
semi-rigid
Rigid

September 2004

F (micro ln./lbf)

SDI G' (kip/inJ

70 to 150
10 to 70
1 to 10
less than 1

14.3 to 6.67
100 to 14.3
1000 to 100
over 1000

F (micro mm/N)

SDI G' (kN/mm)

400 to aso
60 to 400
6 to 60
less than 6

2.50to1.17
17.5 to 2.50
175 to 17.5
over175

Alll13

q (p(f)

r
h

ve i

sx

\-~II
+-- ---

OA
---

?I_ ~

o.5 I

~---r

Ll!

------(c)

FIG 5 SHEAR DEFLECTIONS


Alll-14

September 2004

EXAMPLE 5 SIMPLIFIED DEFLECTIONS


The general deflection for a very long and narrow diaphragm may be found from the general
equations:
Bending

cP.y
M
--EI
dx2

Shear

d_v
dx

<a)

v
= hG'

(b)

where V = total shear force across h at any point x of Fig.


equation is:

d\'
s. With -d.r =- q . the general

d 2y = __!_ (M + qEI )
dx2
EI
hG'

For a uniformly loaded diaphragm, on a simple span, the maximum deflection at .r

=_!__

is:

.1

5q f-1 +
3841

qf2

(C)

8hG'

It is important to note that the bending term presumes plane section bending and, further, a
length of "several times" the depth is expected. Equation <a) simply is not applicable to most
diaphragms because they are short. deep, and shear sensitive.
The second term of Equation <c) may be compared to the area enclosed by half the shear diagram of Fig. S(b} where the area is q 1 218. Referring to Example 4,
.1
s

fx_q (t- 2x )dx = _q (tx- x


2hG'

2hG'

2 )

(/

3ql 2

At x = 1'!4, for example, .1 = --=--=--=-=-:32/JG'

The shaded area in Fig. S(d) is

: (

q/ q:) J:
+

= 3

The change in shear deflection, between two points, equals the shear diagram area between
the same two points, divided by the shear width hand the shear diaphragm stiffness G'.

September 2004

Alll15

EXTREME ElJGE
(ENlJ CROSS WALL)
"

..

_,.,.---

I
I
I
I
I

lJ

I
I
I
I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

'

'

a
:c
.......
I

II

'

r'

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I.

----------.:

1-t----1-I
I

v
I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

rv-,

,)-

SIDE-LAP

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

INTE RIOR PURLINS

\\

I
I

lJ

END PURLIN

I
I

~
r.--- t----...
I
I
I

iJ

-.c

EN DLAP

I
I

iJ

'

I
I

iJ

;::::,

II

:----1

REPEAT PATTERN OVER


ENTIRE AREA

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I

r.--I
I
I
I ..

,~

I
I
I
I
I
I

30'" WIDE
(TYP)

1-

w = 5(lz f> .. = 30"

RIGID
FR.\l\IE

-1

RIGID _/
FR.\l\IE

SECTION A. ALTERNATIVES FOR INTERMEDIATE


EDGE WELD POSITIONS

FIC6
Alll16

September 2004

EXAMPLE 6 STRENCTH EVALUATION


A diaphragm has I= 18ft {5.49 m} long WR type panels on three equal spans as in Fig. 6. The
design thickness is t = 0.0295 in. {0.75 mm}, and d"."'" = 0.625 in. {15.9 mm} arc-spot welds are used in
a 30/4 pattern on all supports and at the ends. <See Appendix IV for typical fastener patterns.l Two No.
10 stitch screws are to be used at the side-laps within each span. Find the design shear load.
EQ. 4.2.11:

F 11 = 45 ksi {310 MPa}

Eq. 4.52:

d.H'I'ew

{3.76 t

1
l j "t {m
)
,. -- J,

A= 1 -

Eq. 2.21:

Q~

= 0.1867 in. {4.74 mm)

Q~ = 633 lhf
Eq. 2.2-4:

Q1 = 2.2 t Fu ( d,,etr t)

= 30 in.

= 115 dt = 115(0.1867 in.) (0.{)295 in.)

= 2.82 kN) a~ = ~;.

a,= 0.364

h = 1.5 in. {38.1 mm)

hi,. = 0.782
240Vf

n~

Q1 = 1739 lhf {7.74 kN}

t = 0.0295 in. {0.75 mm)

=6

<3 spans x 2 screws per span>

{762 mm) <width of deck sheet>

The distance from the centerline of the deck for each weld is

x2 = 15 in. {381 mm}

x 1 = 9 in. {229 mm)


4

I
rv

a 1 = 1.6000

<Af - - - -

"'

nc = 6

<3 spans x 2 screws per span>

Snc

.J

B = n,.

a~ + "~2

Sni

N = 1.20

{N

IIC

= 3.94 m-I
= Q
f
.

= 1198 plf

{17.5 kN!m)

(xl') 2

+4

= [2 A (A

B = 7.624

(x) 2

,. = I

- ])

+ B] Qt
I

slli

= 694 plf

{ 10.1 kN/m}

<3 welds per 30 in. <2.50 ft> sheet width>

ft

September 2004

2 nl'

<2 interior purlins>

.J

fl = I

A=l

EQ. 2.2-5:
<Corner
fastener
limitation>

=2

nl'

Eq. 2.2-2:
<Edge fastener
limitation>
Eq. 2.2-4a:
<Interior panel
fastener
limitation>

.r4 = 15 in.

<fastener attachment at
interior purlins is the same
as for exterior purlins>

xi

i=f

x3 = 9 in.

3 welds per 0.762 m sheet width)


N" B:

S11 , = 695 p(l

'"
c-'N'- + B'-

Alll17

{ 10.1 kN!m)

---

- --

+-

+~
~ (4 thus)

~-------------------------P,l __________.
(a)

A Ql Q_,
+

Q_,.

... P-,

Qs

+--

...

A Ql Qs

Ql

Qs

A Ql

...

Q_,

Qs

f+ P-,

- - - -
Ql

... p2

_.. P-,

P-,

....

Q_,.

P-,

Ql
-

Q_,.

Qs

----1>

Q(

Qs

Qs

O.t

(h)

E)

'..: \.

p.,

.._

Q,. ..... p_,

Q,.

t ...

....

Qh Q,

... p_,

p.,

...

.... p_,

...

P-,

...

p2~Q, .

~ Q,.

---1>

Qh
(c)

FIG 6.1
Alll18

September 2004

Assume the diaphragm is subject to wind loading, then


LRFD
<I>

ASD

n = 2.35
The allowable design shear is:

= 0.70

The factored design shear is:

= 0.70 min (SIIC' sni S/1)


= 486 p({ {7.09 kN!m}

<)>S/1

<)>511

S/1/n =min (SII<''

s" ;n = 295 pll

{4.30 /.:N!mJ

Check the panel buckling limit


From Table 2.1 on page 2-12

Check the panel buckling limit


From Table 2.1 on page 2-12
<I>

sni S/1,)/~2

n = 2.oo

= 0.80

The nominal diaphragm shear due to panel buckling for 1.5 in. WR deck
S11 = 2132 pi}: from page AV-13.

= 0.80 x 2132 p(l = 1706 p(l

<)>511

{24.88 kN/m}

511 /rl

= OJJ295

= 2132 I 2.00 = 1066 p(l

in ..

{15.55 /.:Nim}

Panel buckling is not governing the diaphragm design


compare the design load to 0.70 times the
nominal value from Appendix v, page AV-13
i.e. 0.70 x 695 p(l = 487 p(l {7.10 kN/m}

compare the design load to the nominal


value from Appendix V, page AV-13, divided
695 plf'! 2.35 = 2WJ p(l
by 2.35 i.e.
{4.32 kN!m}

The edge support angle must deliver the design load to the lateral loading resisting member.
In this case the small force (486 p1f x 6 jf = 2.92 kip factored) or (296 p(l x 6fi = 1.78 kip a/Iowa hie)
could easily be accommodated by a 3/16 in. x 1 in. fillet weld and an angle 2 in. x 2 in. x 3/16 in.

The strength of the diaphragm can also be developed from free body diagrams along with the
principles outlined in Chapter 2.
For the edge fastener limitation, the forces along the centerline of the deck equal the forces
on the connections. The strength of the connection varies linearly from the centerline. Refer to
Fig_ 6.1(3).

P, = - P,
- 15

PI= Qt

P:_

sJ/l'-7
- p/1

= 1043 lhf

{4.64 /.:Nim)

Snc = 1198 p({ { 17.5 /.:Nim}


which agrees with the
previous calculation.

For the interior panel fastener limitation, the moments generated by the connection forces
are equated with those developed in the deck panel. Refer to Fig 6.1fb). Taking moments about the
centerline of the deck panel:
M,

= 4 Qr

(15 in.)+ 4 A Q1 (15 in.)+ 8 P 2 (9 in.)+ 12

Q, (15 in.)

{4 Q1 (381 mm) + 4 A Q1 (381 mm) + 8 P2 (229 mm) + 12

Q, (381

M,

September 2004

M,
P1=1
w

p/1

= 12501

ll~f

{55.66 /.:N}
Alll19

and

S' - p/1
'111-

in.-lhf

mm) = 42415 mm-/.:N}

The force along the ends of the deck results in the moment: P" ( ;') f
Therefore,

= 375022

=P

11

sni

w
= 694 p(f
{ 10.14 kN/m}

For the corner fastener limitation, moments are again taken by the connection forces, but are
equated with the connection strength, noting that the connection strength is the resultant of the
horizontal and vertical components of the corner connection. Refer to Fig. 6.1(C)
M,.

= 8Q1J15 in.)+ 8 (
{8Q 11 (381 mm) + 8

9 in.
15 in.

)Q,,(9 in.)+

12 (a,.Q 11 )(15 in.)= 228.72 Q 11

(i~i ;:;: )Q,J229 mm) + 12 (a,.Q

11 )(381

mm)

= 5813 Q 11 mm-kN}

The force along the ends of the deck again results in the moment: P,, (;) !
Equating
228.72 Q 11 = P 11 w, in.-lhf

{581 3 Q 11 = P11 H', mm-kN}

p/1 = 7.624 Qh

{P 11 = 7.629 Q 11 }

and noting that

pll - s T-

II-

ls

0.4236 Qli
ft
'so

= 1.3896 Q,,

II

Q =
II

'

11

sll

Q11 -

=P w

0.4236 I ft

S11
)
1.3896 I m

The average diaphragm force S11 is developed inN connections as Q, ..

- l.2~ft.
s/1
In this case N -- 1.2 so Q,. -- sll
N-

N -- 3 94 m _, Q,. -sll
3 _941 m

Tt ,

The resultant of Q,. and Q11 approaches the connection strength Qr

+I 1 I
1_1_12
1.2/ft
0.4236Nt

I
3 .94/m

511 =

I
1

s/1

September 2004

7 .74 kN
0.763 Ill

= 2.5035 (jt) (S/1)

12 + I1.3896/m
I
]2-- 0.763 (m) (S

Qr
= 1739 thf = 695 Plf
2.5035 ft
2.5035 jf

= 10.13 kN/m

Alll-21

11 )

27' -0"

>

h=400'-0"

~v=200'-0"
FIG 7.1
174 plf
110 plf

288 p(l

174 plf

FIG 7.2 <internal suction>

212 plf

186 plf

FIG 7.3 <internal pressure>


Alll22

September 2004

EXAMPLE 7 ROOF DESICN


Make a preliminary design for the roof deck needed for a I= 200fi {6/ m} x h = 400./f {I 22 m} x
30.fl {9.14 m) warehouse. The construction involves tilt-up wall panels that rely on the roof diaphragm
for stability.
consider the structure both with and without an expansion joint at h/2. Refer to Fig. 7.1 for details.
There are a number of references and codes for determining wind loads on buildings.
Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE 7-98J is one such reference. Rather
than calculate the forces in this example, the following line loads to the roof diaphragm are as given
in Fig 7.'2 and Fig 7.3.
Note that the "down wind" loads: w = 398 p/f {5.81 kN!m} = 288 + //0 = /86 + 212. The internal pressure effects lead to no net diaphragm shears; those pressure effects simply move throughout
the diaphragm support structure to the opposite wall. Wall-to-roof connections must be designed
accordingly.
LRFD

ASD

The loads given are to be factored, using a


wind load factor y" = 1 .6, the total
diaphragm shear delivered to the end walls
is: R 1111 = y" w
then R1111 = /27 kip {567 kN).

The total diaphragm shear delivered to the


end walls is: R = w
then
R = 79 kip {354 kN}.

J,

j,

Along the 200-ft end wall, the average shear is:

= Rutr

II

R
S=-

S 11 = 635 plf {9.30 kN/m)

= 398 p(l

{5.8/ kN/m}

Note that the required diaphragm shears vary with the shear diagram as in Figure 7.4.
The roof diaphragm will be zoned into 3 different areas. zoning is a good way to optimize the
economy of the roof diaphragm.
In zone 1. the required diaphragm strength is

ASD

LRFD

S11

= 635 pll

S = 398 pll

{9.30 kN/m}

{5.8/ kN!m}

Select a WR deck with design thickness t = 0.0295 in. {0.75 mm} and with a 36/7 pattern of 5/8 in.
puddle weld and No. 10 stitch screws. The deck span is I"= 5ft {1.52 m). From Appendix v. page AV-13,
with 5 stitch screws per deck span, resistance factor <)> and safety factor Q are from Table 2.1
(page 2-12J, the design strength is:
<j>S11 = 0.70 x /265 = 886 p/f{/2.92 kN!m}

~ = ~2 ~ 5 = 538 plf" {7.85

>S11 = 635 p(l {9.30 kN/m}

>S

September 2004

Alll23

- ..)5

= 398 p(l {5.8/

kN!m)

kN/m}

400' -0"

200' -0"

NET LATERAL LOAD = 398 PLF

i i i
0

CD

CD

5 ZONES @ 80' -0"

v
ZONE

79.6 kip

CD

i i

CD

l
R

= 400' -0"

76.2 kip

25.4 kip
.f.7.7kip
15.92 kip

---

1+---160'-0"-

I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I

~1 -------- --------L---~

CD
FIC 7.4 DEFLECTION SOLUTIONS
Alll24

September 2004

Panel buckling strength limit check. From page AV-13,

ASD

LRFD

~ = 2130 = 1065 plf {15.54 kN/m}

= 0.80 x 2130 = 1704 plf {24.86 kN/m}

<j>S11

2.00

>~(strength)= 538 p(f {7.85 kN/m}

> <j>S11 (strength)= 886 plf {12.92 kN/m}

so panel-buckling strength is not governing the diaphragm design.


To calculate the stiffness of the diaphragm, several additional data are required. From
page AV-13, K 1 = 0.199 I ft {3.387 x 0.199 = 0.674/m}. From page AIV-6, K 2 = 870 kip/in. {158 kN/mm},
K4 = 3.78, and from page AIV-7, Du =129ft {from page AIV-8, Du = 39.3 mm}
G'

K2
K4 + 0.3 Dxx +3 K 1 t;.

G' = 60.0 kip/in.

{10.81 kN/mm}

1\'

Following Example 5 and using shear areas, the deflection for zone 1 is calculated .
.1 - (79.6 + 47.76) kip 80ft
I2 (200ft)
G'

.1 1 = 0.425 in. {10.48 mm}

In zone 2, the required diaphragm strength is

ASD

LRFD

s = 47.76 kip , S = 239 plf {3.48 kN/m}

S = 'Yw 47.76 kip S = 382 plf {5 57 kN/m}

II

'

II

Select a WR deck with design thickness t = 0.0295 in. {0.75 mm} and with a 36/5 pattern of 5/8 in.
puddle weld and use 1-No. 10 stitch screw per deck span <See Appendix v, page AV-13l. This attachment
pattern will develop a design strength of

~ = 755 = 321 plf {4.69 kN/m}

<j>S, = 0.70 x 755 plf= 529 plf {7.71 kN/m}

> S11 = 382 plf {5.57 kN/m}

> S = 239 plf {3.48 kN/m}

= 3.78

K 1 = 0.433 ft 1

K2 = 870 kip/in.

K4

{K1 = 1.47 m- 1

K~

K4 = 3.78

= 158 kN/mm

G' = 15.0 kip/in .

.1~ =.1
-

September 2004

+ (47.76 + 15.92) kip 80ft


I

2(200ft)

G'

.1 2

2.35

= 1.301 in.

Alll25

D,, =758ft
D,.~

=231m}

{2 .82 kN/mm}

{30.4 mm}

(a) OPEN ENDED STRUCTURE

WITH NINE ROOF ZONES

CI::::-..J

I
I

RL

-1-0+
....

Rl

-1-0+
....

+-

/86 p(l

Rv.;
(c)

END WALL LOADS AND


SHEAR VARIATIONS

(b) SHEAR DIAGRAM FOR


LATERAL LOADS

FICi 7.5
Alll26

September 2004

In zone 3, the required diaphragm strength is


LRFD

ASD

S = Yw 15.92 kip S = 127plf{1 86 kN/m)


if
I'
' ll

s=

15.92 kip. S = 79.6 plf {1 ./6 kN/m)

Select a WR deck with design thickness t = 0.0295 in. {0.75 mm) and with a 36/4 pattern of 5/8 in.
puddle weld and use no stitch screw per deck span <See Appendix V, page AV-13). This attachment
pattern will develop a design strength of
& = 475 = 202 plf {2.95 kN/m}
<j>S11 = 0.70 x 475 = 333 plf {4.85 kN!m}
Q
2.35

> Su = 127 plf

= 0.729 ft 1

K1

{K 1 = 2.47 m- 1

G'

> S = 79.6 plf

{1.86 kN/m}

{1.16 kN/m}

K 2 = 870 kip/in.

K4

= 3.78

D,.~

= /58 kN/mm

K4

= 3.78

Drx =327m}

K2

K2
Drx
+3 K I c,.11
K4 + 0.3
I

= 1072 jt

G'

= 11.0 kip/in.

{1.99 kN/mm}

~3

= 1.446 in.

{34 mm}

\"

~ = ~
3

+ (15.92) kip 40ft


2

2 (200ft)

G'

Notes: 1. From a strength viewpoint, these diaphragms are adequate, but note the strong
influence of the fastener patterns in zone 2 on the stiffness. This has led to a fairly large
deflection, which may be excessive, and a new design for this zone may be necessary.
2. Examine wind load effects from other directions. usually it will be most severe when
loads are received from the long walls and delivered to the short walls.
3. Note the potential economic advantage of selecting a particular fastener pattern and
then using different panel thickness for the various roof zones.
COMBINATION DIAPHRAGM SHEAR AND UPLIFT

The interaction between shear and tension is addressed in Chapter 4. For the purposes of
illustration, an uplift load on the general roof area W 111 , = 30 psf { 1.44 kPa} is assumed.
Refer to SOl publication, Roof Deck Construction Handbook, pages 5 and 15. The left column of
the page 5 table shows three types of welds. The Type 3 side-lap welds, for example, are 0.7 times as
strong in tension as Type 1 welds because of eccentric uplift loading. No similar reduction applies to
screws since they are away from the panel edge. The Handbook lists k-factors in Table 4 on page 15.
These factors measure the effective fasteners per deck cover width noting that edge fasteners may
be shared with adjacent panels.
Checking zone 1, with 518 in. diameter welds@ 3617 pattern

= 5 <interior fasteners)

f3
f3

= fastener pattern factor = effective support fasteners per unit cover width

+ 2 <edge fasteners) x 0.7 <effective) /2 <shared)

= k/panel cover width = 5.713 = 1.9 ft 1 {5.710.914 = 6.234 nr 1}

September 2004

Alll-27

= 5.7

LRFD

Each fastener on interior purlins then has an effective tributary area of

1',1{3

= 511.9 = 2.63ft:c {0.244m:c}. leading to:


Tu = Yw W (I') {3) = 1.6 ( 30) (2 .63) = 126 ll?l
111 ,

{0.56 kN}

The design strength of a 518 in. diameter weld as concentrically loaded in tension is
(See Appendix IV, page AIV-11. Tables V and V-Ml:
<j> 11 T11 = 0.6 (1175) = 705 ll?l
{0.6 (5.23) = 3.14 kN}
The limiting individual connections will exhibit shear ratios in the same manner as the
diaphragm shears:
s/1

"'S
'f' II

T II ) 15 +
<l>u Tn

J(

056 )
3.14

15

= 635 = 0 .717
886

S II )
<j>S 11

15

+ ( _!_!__)

J .3
1
10.5
9

12.6 )
705

15

= 0.69

I 2.92

15

635 )
886

15

= 0.916)

= 0.68 < I .0

OK

< 1.0 )

Had the uplift wind load, M'up been much larger than 30 psf" {I .44 kPa}, the first term of the
interaction equation would have been similarly larger and the interaction test could have failed. In
such a case, the fastener pattern might be changed to a 3619 pattern reducing both terms in the
interaction formula. Alternately, other fastener types and layouts might be explored.

ASD

S = 398p(l
S 11

1265
o
.
Q = 2 35 = 53o plf

(See Appendix Alii, page Alll-21l

{5.81 kN/m}
{ 7.85 kN!m}

(See Table 2.1, page 2-12)

= W 1'( f'./{3) = (30) (2.63) = 78.9/l~l

{(1.44) (0.244)

11

~
= 1175
= 470 lh(.
Q/1
2.5

ns)

(n

1J(

0.35 .) 1.5 + ( !_!!___


2.()9
7.85

T ) 15 +
Til

_1_1

September 2004

15

s/1 .

J5.23

= 0.35 kN}

125 - .;..09 kN
=

). 1.5

7g 9 ) 15
470
+

398 ) 15
538
= 0.70 < /.0

= 0.70 < 1.0 )

Alll29

OK

EXPANSION JOINTS

Consider the building to have an expansion joint at h/2 such that either end is substantially
independent. The "chord" forces, formerly developed in spandrel beams along the h dimension, must
now be developed in the windward and leeward sidewalls; these walls now act as diaphragms.
consider the loading case from Figure 7.3 applied to the "open ended" structure of
Figure 7.5a. The problem is divided into two parts; first, the windward and leeward forces are
considered; and secondly, the side wall forces will be superimposed.
Windward and Leeward Forces, Figure 7.5b:
The total reaction: R

= (212 +

186)

p(t( ~ )

The average shear along the end wall is: S

=~

R = 79.6 kip

{R = 354 kN}

s = 398 pll

{S

= 5.81

kN/nz}

At some distance from the end wall, such as 100./f {30.5 m}. the total shear force is:
V

= {R-

v = 39.8 kip

100./f (212 + 186) plfj

The shear is

s,oo =!v-

s = 199 p(l
J()()

{V

{S 305

= 177 kN}

= 2.90 kN/m)

The average unit shear changes with the shear diagram.


The sidewall reaction forces RL and Rw as shown in Figure 7.5c, formerly chord forces. are:

R~.=;

(212+186)plf(200jf)(l00./f)

RL=39.8kip

{RL=177kN)

Rw=R~_

Rw and RL vary from zero at the expansion joint to a maximum at the end wall. If the wall
stiffness is consistent along h, the variation is virtually linear. The maximum shear then is twice the
average shear.

S- 2 (

RL )
200ft

s = 398 p(l

{S

= 5.81

kN/m}

At any point in a diaphragm, the average shears in the system, parallel to the decK span. exactly
equal those perpendicular to the span. The perimeter beams have axial forces and are an integral part of
the system, eliminating accordion like collapse of the decK.
Endwall forces, Figure 7.5c:
The total reaction on the sidewalls is Rc = 276 p(f'(!)

R, = 55.2 kip

{R,

= 246 kN}

The maximum total shear_force on any one line parallel to his R1 = ~c


R 1 = 27.6 k1p
{R 1 = 123 kN}
with the maximum diaphragm shear being: s, = R,
S 1 = 138 p(f
{S 1 = 2.01 kN!m}
200ft
With changes along the end wall, the shear diagram also changes, as in Figure 7.5c. At the
1/3 point of the end wall, the shear in the diaphragm is 46 p(j:

September 2004

Alll31

ADDITION OF SHEARS

The small element forces. shown near the left corners of Figures 7.5b and 7.5c, have directions
dependent on the shear diagram. As shown and following the values from the prior section. the upper
left block would have a maximum shear of 398 + 138 = 536 plfand the lower block could have a value
of 398 - 138 = 260 p(j: However, the wind direction may reverse leaving either block at a maximum
of 536 plf This approach is used in the following table.
The addition of shears from different load conditions is direct since the orthogonal values always
are equal. Therefor, it is good practice to consider either different deck thickness or fastener patterns to
meet the actual conditions; there is little reason for the roof diaphragm to be everywhere identical.
consider the present case with the roof subdivided into nine zones as indicated in Figure 7.5a.
Maximum Shears <plf> for zone
1

Figure 7.5b

398

265

133

398

265

133

398

265

133

Figure 7.5c

138

138

138

46

46

46

138

138

138

Totals

536

403

271

444

311

179

536

403

271

Loading condition

The deck selection can be managed as per previous examples. However, too many zones could
become troublesome to manage during the construction, but perhaps three would not.

FURTHER DISCUSSION OF DIAPHRAGM SHEARS

considering the windward and leeward forces shown in Figure 7.5a combined as a single load
wand designating the origin to be point 9, the shears parallel to the end wall at any point x (along the
sidewalll is:
The diaphragm shear parallel to the endwall at any point x is:

considering the other direction, the shear parallel to the side walls is the chord force that is
developed over a unit distance. The "chord forces" at any point x are:
P=M = wx2

I'

21'

The change of P over a unit distance is the diaphragm shear:


dP wx
S~=- = . dx
I'
Ss = SE; therefore the diaphragm shears are identical in values on orthogonal faces.

Similar formulations can be developed for other loadings or other diaphragm configurations.

September 2004

Alll33

lTPL 3

l'YPF I

TYPE I

8"

TYPE 3

8"

8"

----~-------~IL--~----------:,f<----------?1"-

2' -0"

FIG 7a.1

.. :....- -1:-=tv
' -)

--------TlPF 3

,r

!~

I
........ _ _!
I

-------

____

1- - - - - - - - - -

--{

//

:_~c1'"
TYPE~~~

--- --- l/k-9

-----

--------- --~--

1---

?'\__,

1---

DOUBLE PlELDS IN EACH FLUTE


518" DIA. ~ 1-114'' MINIMUM APART

(J

TYPF: I__/-

f----~0

~~---------- 1 - - - -1/
/

/'

1---

--

0
-- --- v~'--

TYPE3__/
---------

-----c

e---~0

--

>

---

-~l

PPORI- ' ,\1/ ..\IBF:R

___

,//

FIG 7a.2
Alll34

September 2004

EXAMPLE 7A. ROOF DECK DESIGN FOR UPLIFT AND SHEAR INTERACTION
A 3 in. {76 mm) Deep Rib deck, design thickness t = OJJ358 in. (20 gauge! (O.I.J I nunj, is proposed
for a diaphragm where the deck has 3 spans at 13 jf. (3.1.J() m}. use ASD design. It is expected that
518 in. { 15 nun) diameter welds on a 2418 connection pattern will be used which is equivalent to
a 2414 layout but with double fasteners in each valley. Refer to pages AIV-3 and AIV-7.
Required anchorage

= 520 f'lt {7.59 kNim}

Required diaphragm shear

= 220 pit {3.21

Panel length: L

= 3L,

kNim}

=39ft { 11.89 m}

Each purl in has 4 interior welds !Type 1l and 4 edge welds !Type 3l per panel.
see Roof Deck construction Handbook !RDCHl, Fig. 3 and the Table 4 k-values, however use the Table von
page AIV-11 in this manual for concentrically loaded tensile capacity.
518 in. diameter welds:

Type 1: T 11 I Q"

= 141012.5 = 564 lht where n" = 2.5 for weld in tension.

= 395 lh{
Strength ratio Type 3 1 Type 1 = 3951564 = 0.7

Type 3: T 11 I Q" = 1410 x 0.712.5

= 4 !interiorl + 4 !edgel (0.7! I 2 !sharedl = 5.4


f3 = k I 2 fi !cover widthl = 2 .7f!- 1

{ 15 mm diameter welds:

nil = 6.2 7rl .5 = 2.508 kN

Type 1: T 11 I

where !.2 11

= 2.5 for weld in tension.

Type 3: T 11 I Qll = 6.27 x 0.712.5 = 1.76 kN


Strength ratio Type 3 1 Type 1 = !.7M2 .508 = 0.7

= 4 !interion + 4 !edgel (0.7! I 2 !sharedl

f3 = k I 0.61
Uplift capacity for weld group:

P=

m !cover widthl

f3 (564)

= 5.4

= 8.858 nr 1)

= 1523 !'(t {22 .22 1-N/ m} with no shear acting.

Maximum uplift pressure with three spans: P =1.1 w,,,,L, =I./! 13 \\' 111 ,! and 11" 111 , = 107 p.\f
{P = 1.1 (3. 96 11'111 ,! and 11'111 , = 5 kPa}
Actual uplift pressure: (52011523!

H' 111 ,

= 0.34 ( 107) = 36 fJ.\f

Deck flexural capacity for uplift loading:

((7.59122 .22! !5!

39 P.'f for stress.

= 1.74 kPa}

!See RDCH, Table 1-3DR.l

49 ps( for deflection

Deck bending

OK

Shear and Tension interaction with both effects from wind:


15 +(QQ!Q!' 5 =1
(Q II TIT!
II
f

SDI welds:

Q1

= 2.2 F

11

t !d- t!

= 2.088 kif'
{8.74 kN}

No.10 stitch screws:


(Q

Q I Q1! 1 ' = I - ({).34 )1 ' = 0.80 and Q = 0.86 Q1 1 .n

September 2004

Alll35

Q, = 21.5 r = 0.770 ki11


{Q, = 3.7() t = 3.43 kN}

Reduced available weld shear strength:

Q1 = O.R6 (20RR lhf) = 1799 lhl


{Q1 = 0.86 (8.7-1 kN) = 7.52 kN)

5 11 = {2A (A- I)+ Bj Q1 1L

+ 2 111' a/ + 4 a,.:!
= a,.:! = Double the 24/4 pattern values
= 2 (0.556) = 1.112
See Appendix AIV, pages AIV-3 and AIV-7.

= n, as

where

and

a/
a/

n1, = 2 interior purlins

{3.4317.52 = 0.456)
= 770/1799 = 0.428
n, = 3 spans x 6 per span = I R stitch screws per side-lap

a,

Let

B = 0.428 n, + 8 ( l.ll2) = 0.428 (18) + 8.896


{B = 0.456 n, + 8 (l.ll2) = 17.1}

then

A= I- 3 x 13 I [240 (0.0358)05 J = 0.141 < 0.7


{A= I - 76 x 3.961 {369 (0.91 )0 5]

= 0.145

= 16.6
<See Eq. 2.2-4al

Use minimum A= 0.7

< 0.7

use minimum A= 0.7)

With double welds at panel corners, A = 2 and

s/1 = {2

2 (0.7- I)+ B) Q,l L

Check panel corners with: N

5 11

= [N2 s:c I (L2 N2

5011

= 15.4 (1799139) = 710 p((

= 612 = 3fi" 1

{6/0.61

{ 15.9 (7.521ll.89)

= 9.R..J nr 1}

= /().()6

fasteners per unit cover width.

+ B2)j0" Q1 = [24RO I (13689 + 276)jll5 (1799) = 758 pi(


{S 11 = /28326 I ( 13688 + 293)]1' 5 (7.52)= 10.7 kNim

= 710 I 2.35 = 302 p(l


> Required 220 plf

kNimj

> 710 pi(


> J().()(J kNim}

{ IOJJ6 I 2.35 = 4.28 kNim}


{3.21 kNim} OK, but could check with fewer stitch screws.

Alternate Solution.
consider using No. 12 screws and the same 24/8 support fastener pattern as above.

= 4 <interion + 4 <edgel I 2 <sharedl = 6


{3 = k 1 2 .If <coven = 3 .o fi'
T = 520 I f3 = 520/3 = 173 lhfl screw

Tn

= 965 ll~l

Tn I Qu

= 96513 = 322

Qu TIT11

= 1731322 = 0.54

ll~l

<No reduction for edge screws in tension.l*


{610.61 <coven

= 9.836 nr 1}

{0.77 kN}
{4.29 kN}

<Pullover strengthl

per screw

{ 1.43 kN}

<See Table VI on page AIV-11 l

> 0.15

Interaction check required


<SDI interaction formula for screwsl

*Future editions of the North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed steel
structural Members may modify this condition. <Note the 0.7 prying factor with support welds in
side-lap flutes.l

September 2004

Alll37

Then:

(QQ I Q 1J = (I - 0.5-f.) I OK'i = 0.5-+

Q, = 770 lhl

Q 1 = 1.25 F, t (I- OJJ05 F)


{Q1 = [F, t/31.5/ (I -F) 1380)
Available

for No. 10 stitch fasteners as before

{3.43 kN}

Q 1 = 0.54 (1233 J = 6()7

= 1.25 (33) (0JJ350) (I- 0.165) = 1.233 kitJ = 12331/Jl


= [230 (0.91) 131.5/ (I - 23()! 1380) = 5.5-f. kN)

IN.

{3.0 kN}

Then B = n, ( 1.15-f.) + 8.09()


= 7701()()7 = 1.154
{B = n, ( 1.1-+3) + 8.896)
{a,= 3.4313.0 = 1.143}
Try 7 stitch screws per span and
B = 21 ( 1.154) + R.896 = 33.13
{B = 32.9}

= Q, I Q1

a,

n,=3x7=21
B

= 21

5 11

= !4 r-o.3J + 33.131667139 = 546 pll


= [4 ( -0.3) + 32.9/ 3JJ/ 11.89 = R.O kN!m}

{5 11

(1.154)

+ R.896

= 33.13

{B = 32.9}

or

s/1 = {(3 X 33.13F/f(39 X 3)2 + (33.13) 2 IF'' 667 = 545 pll


{S 11

= {(9.84 x 32.9 F /f( 11.89 x 9.84 )2 + (32 .9 )2 jjl' 5 3.0

Sa 11

= 54512.35 = 232
>220

September 2004

!Equal limitS)

= 8.0 kNim}

{3.4 kN!m}
{3.21/.:N/m}

Alll-39

OK

j_l
/: /Sf/EAR TIES
I

j- ----'---B-EAr_-~___._.::
SECTION A

A
I I
II

II
I

"'

""'~

(a)

SHL\R rTF:.VS/0\'! TIES

SHEAR (TENSION) TIES

!1L

3 sides -

II

TOP FL\\'(;E
OF REAJ1

II
'

II
"",I I

.....

II
II
II

II
II

II
II
'II

II

\II

PL\JL \\IlH
\U >JTI:D f/( JIJ

(hl SLOTTED PLATE

FIG 8.1
Alll40

September 2004

EXAMPLE 8 EXPANSION JOINTS


Buildings are subject to non-symmetric load conditions. Thus it is not realistic to leave a
structure, free to move parallel to the joints, as in the latter part of the previous example. The joint
cover could try to span the joint and be damaged. various solutions might be considered as in
Figure 8.1.
The function of the expansion joint is to permit relatively free movement 11L as in Figure 8.1.
A pair of crossed tension members, essentially parallel to the joint and connected to the main
beams, would virtually eliminate 11s but not impede 11L. They would be designed as counters or
tension members.
A slotted stub apparatus. welded to one beam and slotted on the opposite end, could
transfer shears from one side to the other. shears arising from unbalanced loadings for example. The
stub design and performance will depend on connections, the flange width of the support beam, and
the frequency of top flange bracing. The torque imposed on the beam must be considered.

September 2004

Alll41

,---BEAM LINES

----~~-ll~---------------

wH'

8/3

------- 8/3 ----~-- 8/3

R/3
R/3
(a)

SHEAR DIAGRAM

.10/Sl

b
- -\j.. - - - - - -

----+

.lOIS I

f)LCK

-------:
.10/ST___, _
I-......___
_ _ _

.--<1>

II

----+i

I
I
1-u

_L_

(b)
/

,/

'
!

!'!./

DETAIL A

FIG 8.2
Alll-42

September 2004

The expansion joint perhaps should not extend completely across the roof. Consider a roof
structure such as that in Figure 8.2. The end loads 111 now have a path to the opposite side, particularly in the mid-region. Given the tributary area supported by the beam lines, about one-half the 11'1
forces will not introduce shears on the long walls; they are balanced by opposing forces at the
opposite wall.
The stiffness of the diaphragm system
is defined as
G' =

is known. Noting the load P on Figure 8.2b, stiffness

~% = ( /~ ) ~ = S ~

suppose the sidewall joint of Detail A opens with 1'1 1 = 0.5 in. {1'1 1 = 12.7 mm), and further,
suppose A= 75 ff {a = 22.9 m). Then the movement could have been 1'1 = 0.25 in. for either side of
the joint. With the diaphragm stiffness assumed at
G'

= 40 kip!in.

{ G'

= 7.1J!

kN lmm}

= G' 1'1
A

s = 133 p(l

{s =

1.95 kN lm}

This force would be transferred along the joist at the joint, through the joist end into the
beam, and from the beam to the parallel opposite joist. The wall has now been permitted to relax, but
the mid-third of the diaphragm along line 4-4 remains effective.
Along line 4-4, just to the right of the expansion joint, the average shear force is R/3.
The average shear is

= R/3 = ..!}_
I'

31

when the right side joists deliver their accumulated forces to the beam lines. the remam1ng
diaphragm between beams acts as a link. With Detail A at the third point of the diaphragm, the line
4-4 unit shear is:

the same as at the building ends.

September 2004

Alll43

5~~30'-0"

= 150'-0"

-------

v
{COLUMN

r
North

Ill

v
v
v

II

c
SIll:. I R __ j__
.I 0 IST(a f>'-!J". T Y P . _ j
H.\U.S
---

1/ IIIII\

v
.... v
D

j/

STRU(TUR.\L
Mt.MHERS.nP

3@24'-0" = 72' -0"

/
/

~
v
DECK PANELS
2../' -0" LONG. TYP.

FlO 9.1

H'

= 135 p/f"

t. Rh

~-'

l R
l (/

Rc

\'

1\'

H'

= 135 f1/{

= 135J1(l

t~~~~--------------- i ~~~~~~-~-------------------I

l/a

.1

2 .5 qa

1.5 qa

FlO 9.2
Alll44

September 2004

EXAMPLE 9 NON-SYMMETRIC DIAPHRAGMS


The building roof plan, shown in Fig. 9.1, is a roof receiving H' = 135 p(l ( 1.97 kN!m} in its plane.
The 3 shear walls are considered as being shear rigid in their own plane. Evaluate the roof system.
The most likely critical area is at the short shear wall in line 3. It receives loads both directly and
from the line 3 "collector beam" anchored to it as in Fig. 9.4.
The diaphragm is short, deep, and presumed to be shear sensitive. With no deflection at the
short wall, the wall reactions are as indicated in Fig. 9.2.
R = w 60

ft

= I H.O kN)

2 .

R0 = 4.050 kip

{Ra

Rh = w (60 + 90) jt
2

Rh = 10.125 kip

{Rh = 45.0 kN)

R . = tr -90 1t.
(
2 .

Rc = 6.075 kip

{Rc = 27.0 kN)

Following Example Problem 5 and using shear diagram areas to find deflections:
Deflection at Line 2:
Deflection at Line 4.5:

~)

= 4.0 kip ( 30.ft/2) =


48/i (G' J

1.26()
G'

_ 6JJ75 kif) ( 45 .ff/2) _ 1.89R


72.fi (G' J
- G'

45 -

=~

Maximum diaphragm shear at Line 1:

sI

Maximum diaphragm shear at Line 6:

S r,-

48 .If
R,

72./f

{S 1

= 1.23 kN/m)

{S 6

= 1.23 kN!m}

As indicated in Fig. 9.2, the maximum diaphragm shear for the roof deck is R4 p(( However, the
Line 3 accumulates shears for a total thrust of:
T

= RJJ6 kip

{T

= 36.0 kN}

This thrust is reversible depending on the direction of the loading. The total shear delivered to
the short wall is:
Rh = 10.125 kip

{R" = 45JJ4 kN}

This is the same value calculated previously. The maximum diaphragm shear in the short wall is:

"" 11

= ____&__
24./f

s""" = 422 p(f

lS",ilt

= fJ./6

kN!m)

A review of Fig. 9.4 will lead to the obvious need for little or no slip being allowed at the beam
anchorage. Otherwise, potentially crippling local stresses will be delivered to the diaphragm. The
joists at the wall must be anchored to deliver the R4 p(f diaphragm shear.
Wall Movements. Shear walls tend toward in-plane rotation due to eccentricity between
the base level and top-of-wall shears. In heavy walls, gravity forces usually
will prohibit any uplift at the base, but such tendencies must be checked.
September 2004

Alll-45

I
I

.).

""

..........~

FIG 9.3 SHEARS

DECK

~-JOISTS

+!-THRUST
8.()() kip
<]

FIG 9.4

Alll46

September 2004

The limits that are placed on wall deflections, normal to the wall, reflect architectural considerations relative to appearance. Further, the limits must be such that the walls do not experience
undue strains or curvature. For example, local deflections between girt lines in metal wall assemblies
often are limited to values of 11120 to 1/180 times the girt spacing.
Suppose the roof diaphragm in this example has the rather low stiffness of
{2.102 kN!mm} and the wall height h

kiJJ/in.

= 30./f {9.144 m}.

4.05 kip ( 320) ft

L1o

c = 12

,-1"

= 0.105

in.

= -----------(48 .If) c
6.075 kip (

,-1._,.5 =

~)

ft

L1._, 5 = 0.158 in.

(72 jt) G'

If the walls are masonry, the deflection limit frequently is fixed at,*

H~l
= -,-----"---

,-1

0.01 11

where

fw

=
f =
Ew =
=
H

'"'

wall height, ft
allowable flexural compressive stress, psi
modulus of elasticity, psi
wall thickness, in.

In a paper presented at the 1978 masonry conference, Holm* listed the following typical
properties for normal weight block:
Ew = 22( w

')\/i: = 1.54 x 10

psi

with
w = 135 pcfandf'c = 2000 psi
Limiting the stress to a typical values off= 0.3 f',.
to be 12 in. thick,

,-1
11

302 ( 600)
0.(J1(1.54x10 6 )(12)

= 2.92

= 600 psi. and presuming the 30ft high wall

ill.

Obviously the L1 = 0.16 in. is less than the latter value simply implying that moderately high wall
movements may not cause undue wall stresses.

see References 24 and 29 of Appendix 11. For further reading, see "Structural Properties of Block concrete", by T. A. Holm.
Proceedings of the North American Masonry conference, University of Colorado, Boulder. 1978.

September 2004

Alll47

SECTION A -CASE I

FLAT PLATE

SECTION A - CASE:!

FIG 10

Alll48

September 2004

EXAMPLE 10 MIXED LENCTH PANELS


Adjacent diaphragm zones may differ in stiffness because of different panel lengths. Figure 10
shows a case where diaphragm panels change direction. lWo possible sections are shown.
case 1.

The c-shaped channel is used to permit the roof to have a common top elevation.
Local warping may occur in the diaphragm over the channel and this can be
minimized by frequent connection. perhaps in every valley to resist the design shear.

case 2.

The top elevation is uniform. The flat plate is used to retard warping or simply to
close off the gap.

Analysis Find the system stiffness


a

c.

or

~=-

G'

(al

In zone 1:

s, =h-p/

Gj~

In zone 2:

Noting that

= P 1 +Po=~
- a

(/1 1

c, + h2 G~)
-

(b)

From (al and (bl:

P -- G. ~ (hI + h2)
a

- ~ (I

--

J/

G.,+ h G. )
1

Then the mixed system stiffness is:

c = h 1 Gj + h2 c;

(C)

h, + h::

September 2004

Alll49

lV

l 11I I I 1

Th

k--~----T-. _l

-1

I
I

I
I

~II

'a~;

I
I

I
I

I
I

I
I
I

I
I

r-~

~~--~

= F I~

I
I
I
1

~~wa

1
I

I
I

w-SHEARS
I
I

k~ I 21

I I Ql I I

I
I

II!JIIIIM/ 2

FRAME SHEARS

FIG 11

AIIISO

September 2004

EXAMPLE 11 RICID FRAME


The building in Figure 11 has a semi-rigid interior frame. such frames often are designed to
support their tributary area and here could be presumed to resist about half or wa of the lateral load.
Find the more correct distribution.
Given:

w
{w

= 145 p(f

a= 45ft

h =40ft

G'

= 16 kip/i1z.

= 2.12 kN!m

a=l3.7m

h=l2.2m

G'

= 2.80 kN!mnz}

With the column and beam sizes known for the frame and referring to Figure 11, it has been
evaluated to find:

= F = 1.75 kip/in. = 0.306 kN/mm

L1

In the left diaphragm, the general shear is:


kl1
1 = wa - wx 2 . where kl1 = F.
the force share of load going to the frame and hence to the foundation.
Following Example 4 to find the deflection at the frame by using shear areas:

L1

(wa !!_2 - kl12 a)

= _l_
hG'

ka-)- =
waL1 ( 1 +
2/JG'

2hG'

F= 0.378 kip

F= k L1

w aL1=-------

L1

= 0.216 in.

{L1

= 5.5 mnz.}

2hG' (1 + 2_!___!!___)
b c
{F= 1.68 kN}

Without the diaphragm, F would have been about

F= w a

F= 6.52 kip

{F= 29.0 kN}

The diaphragm transfers loads away from the semi-rigid frame. and the transfer can be important to frame member sizes.
Analysis by the Stiffness Method

This frame and diaphragm system can be quickly analyzed by the stiffness method. From the
principles laid out previously (in particular in Example 2l, the stiffness of the diaphragm is the force
required inducing an unit displacement. In Figure 11 the only degree-of-freedom is at the semi-rigid
frame. The stiffness of the diaphragm is then:
2 hG'
k,= - -

'

The load carried by the semi-rigid frame is then simply:


which of course is identical to the previous answer.

September 2004

Alii-51

F= 0.378 kip
{ 1.68 kN}

,'

I
I

I,,

,
,

H'

= J..J5 p/f'

-~-~-~-~

--1(1

-~-

2 (ji h/2

--J

INTERIOR FRAME

FRA~f

TRUSS ANALOGY

SHEARS

FIG 12
Alll52

September 2004

EXAMPLE 12 RICID FRAMES


The building in Figure 12 has three semi-rigid interior frames and shear rigid end walls.
The roof is covered with a diaphragm having
and the frames have a stiffness of k
Data given: w

= 2 kip/in.

= 145 p(f'

{w = 2.1/6 kN/m

{k

c = 30 kip/in.

{G'

= 5.25 kN!mmj

= 0.35 kN!mm}.
= 72 .fl

a= 38.fl

a= 11.6 m

h=21.9m)

Find the total lateral forces transferred to each frame.


The shear diagram is drawn in 2 separate parts. fork- and w-forces. to make area
calculations easier. Using shear diagram areas for deflection, as was done in
Example 5,

Solution.

11 1

= _I_ ( 2wa + wa)


bG'

Since k

= F I 11

hG'I1 1 =
(2160

(kl1 1 + kl12)a

+ 76)11, + 38112 = 3/4

hG '11 2 = 2 wa (
7611,

at any frame.

..!_ w(/2

(a)- (F, + F2)a

~a )

- (F1+

(aJ

~2) a

+ (2160 + 76)112 = 419

(b)

Solving (al and (bl leads to 11 1 = 0.137 in. {3.5 mm) and 11 2
F 1 = kl1 1 = 0.276 kip {1.23 kN} and F 2 = 0.366 kip {/.63 kN).

= 0.183

in. {4.6 mm}. and then to

It is observed that even with this moderately flexible diaphragm, little of the frame tributary
load of wa = 5.51 kip {24.5 kN) is transferred to the foundation through the frames. Most of the loads
goes through the diaphragm area. to the end walls. and then to the foundation. Frame member sizes
then may be smaller than when the design was based on tributary area loads.

September 2004

AIIIS:S

Analysis by the Stiffness Method

c!!_

The stiffness of a diaphragm segment is simply: /.:" =

f.:"= 56.8 kip/in.

{/.:,~ =

9.95 f.:N!n11n}

(/

Thus the force required to induce the unit displacement at each semi-rigid frame is 2/.:" +f.: and
the restraining force at the ends of each displaced diaphragm segment is -f.:,~. It is noted that the
chords of the diaphragm provide no continuity between the frames, so there is no restraining force
related to the semi-rigid frames. The numbering system for the displacements is noted in Figure 12.
2 ""+f.:

S=

- k"

S=

""

-) k" +f.:
-f.:

"

0
-f.:

-"
?

"

f.: +f.:

115.684

-56.842

-56.842

115.684

-56.842

-56.842

115.684

kip/in.

{S =

20.259

-9.955

-9.955

20.259

-9.955

()

-9.955

20.259

f.:Nimm)

The force matrix is the tributary area loads to each frame:


-24.51

-5.51

P=

-5.51

kip

{P

-5.51

-24.51

f.:N}

-24.51

The deflections are then calculated by inverting the stiffness matrix and multiplying it by the force
matrix:
0.137
~

= s-

(-PJ

~=

0.183
0.137

3.5
Ill.

4.6

3.5

These deflections. of course. are the same as those obtained by the previous solution.

September 2004

Alll55

111111)

Analysis by the Truss Analogy

To model the diaphragm as a horizontal truss, the shear diaphragm panel is replaced by a web
as follows (using the principles of Example 3l:
{L"

A -

= 24.H m)

---''"--c-'-=-

"- ahE

Using basic principles from any text modeling stiffness of truss members. the force required
to move a node a unit displacement is:
EA 'I ( snz
.
S.11 . = a )'-

L"
The restraining force is simply

-s,

applied to opposing ends of the panel being displaced.

The stiffness matrix of the truss elements is:


~...)u

- S,

- s\1

2 S,

s=
I

()

()

- s".

-') s

- s.,

\\'

and the stiffness matrix of the frame and diaphragm system is:

S=

s" + 1.:
- sl\
0

S=

()

...' ; \1'

2 sl\ +
- .51\t'

- s.,

1.:

2 s" +

115.6H4

-56.H42

()

-56.H42

115.6H4

-56.H42

()

-56.H42

/15.6H4

1.:

kipli11.

{S =

20.232

-9.94

()

-9.94

20.232

-9.94

()

-9.94

20.23:!.

/.:N!mm}

This matrix is identical to the previously solved example. The problem could of course be
solved using a standard structural analysis problem.

September 2004

Alll57

--:f9
a

_)""'"
12o .o"

::->

FIG 13.1 TWO LEVEL BUILDING

a
I

f---ou
I
... _;,....._

LEVEL 1
_______
__,

'

. . L------...,
---1 [-- 8

21

'

'
'

''

(a) LEVEL 1 STIFFNESS

(h) LEVEL 2 STIFFNESS

FIG 13.2 INTERIOR CROSS WALL AT LINE 3

Alii-58

September 2004

EXAMPLE 13 SPLIT LEVEL DIAPHRACMS


The building in Fig 13.1 has the same roof plan as in Fig 9.1, but the roofs are at different
levels. The east and west end walls, Lines 1 and 6 are shear rigid, but the structural steel system has
little lateral stiffness of its own. The wall at Line 3 is a diaphragm with a stiffness of
G' 11 atl

= 20 kip/in.

G'mof =50 kip/in.

{3.50 kN!mm) and both roof levels have the same stiffness of
{8.76 kN/mm).

Evaluate the shear distribution through the system for the line loads shown at the roof levels.
a. Line 3 Diaphragm - This system receives loads at two levels and may transfer forces
between roof levels 1 and 2. This two degree-of-freedom problem requires mixed spring-like stiffness.
following Fig 13.2. For unit loads:

8n

--

=-=---:-h;;-:2--=-:,----

8,, = 0.05 in./kip

(24 jf) G'wa/1

8 21 = 822
s::
U

11

s::
Uoj

hi

+ ---==-~----=-:-

8 11

{8 22

= 0.286

mmlkN)

for the Level 1 unit shear.

= 0.0611

in.!kip

{8 11

= 0.349 mm/kN)

(72 jf) G'wu/1

b. Roof Level 2 - From the Fig 13.3 shear diagram and using Example
right-side deflection of Diaphragm 2:

.12=

1
[v2
h2G'roof
2

V2
f,-R2f,(lV2
V2 + R2 - 2 V2 + R2

s definitions

for the

)]= 2h G'roof
!2
(~']-R])=
!2
(V~-R2)
V +R
2b G'root
2

Note that each diaphragm must be in equilibrium. Then


V2 + R2 = W2 !2

Then

-1o

.1 2can be expressed in terms of the sought variable R


!2
(w2 !2 - 2R2)
2b,G'roof

2:

(al

Note that the T2 and C2 forces must be developed for equilibrium.


c. Roof Level 1 - Following the above approach for the displacement at R1 :
,11

!1
(w1 !I- 2R1)
2b 1 G'roof

(b)

d. Line 3 Shear Wall - Shears from both levels affect displacements and they will be R times
greater than the values from Part a above.

-1 1 = R 18 11 + R28 12 = 0.06/1R 1 + 0.0500R2

September 2004

Alii-59

(C)

II'~ =

h~=

2 I() pll

-18' -0"

~------------~~ ~

12

t, _

j+---

\
-~:~

t,

\, + R, -

_A -

---+

1,~
"Qj]R:!
SHEAR DIAGRAM

FIG 13.3 ROOF AREAS 1 AND 2

TRANSFER ANGLE

HALL

/~GIRT
/

/~TRANSFER

ANGLE

FIG 13.4 VERTICAL DIAPHRAGM SECTION

Alll60

September 2004

With

G'roof

=50 kip/in. {8.75 kN/mm}, w 1

= 360 pf(

{5.:!.7 kN!m}, and

11.'

= :!.I6JJif'

{3.16 kN!m}, and using the given dimensions with Equations (al through (dl leads to:
0.061/R 1 + OJJ500R.'

= 0.0/67(w 1

0.0500R 1 + OJJ500R-'

= OJJJ67(w-' !-'- 2R-')

~-

2R 1 )

and
0.0945R 1 + 0.0500R-'

= 0.720

0.0500R 1 + 0.0834R.'

= 0.288

then
R1

= 8.48 k1jJ and R 2 = -1.63 kip

{R 1

= 37.72 kN

and R2

= -7.25 kN)

From Equations (Cl and (dl:


11 1

= 0.437 in.

and 11 2

= 0.343 in.

{11 1 = 11 mm and 11 2 = 8.7 mm}

e. Shear Summary - Refer to Fig 13.3.

v,- = WoV1

= w1

to-R,= 18.91 kip and


~

R 1 = 34.72 kip and

s=
S

s = 5.77 kN!m)

__
= 394 plf'.
48 .fi

{V.'

= 8-1.1:!.

= -72v1.fi- = 48:!. pi(.

{\' 1

= 15-1.4../ kN. S = 7JJ6 kN!m}

kN.

The lower roof receives loads from the upper level and the transfer is through the cross wall
of Fig 13.2. That wall has:
Upper portion:

s=

8.48 kip
72 .fi

Lower portion:

,,(' =

( 8.48 - 1.63 )kip


24./f

= 118

Jlf'
I .

= _o_)
2 oc J/f'
I.

{S

= 1.73 kN!m)

{S

= 4.17 kN!m}

f. Special Details - The eave forces T 1 , T2 , and c, must be transferred to the foundation
through their sidewall diaphragms as in Example 7. The force c-' may be resisted either in its own wall
diaphragm or distributed into the higher parallel wall by a distribution beam. This transfer problem is
analogous to the thrust delivery of Example 9 and its illustration in Fig. 9.4. The roof to wall shear
transfers at Line 3 may be made following the scheme presented in Fig 13.4. Positive connections are
made through the angles or similar devices to transfer only 118 fJI( {I. 73 /...Nim) between roof levels
and could be rather small.

The Line 3 cross wall, being both flexible and near the mid-length of the building, does
not receive shear on the same scale as does the rigid short wall in Fig 9. This is because the wall
does have flexibility to move somewhat away from the load. The 24 ft diaphragm length, being short.
does have a moderately high average shear and it might be required that this diaphragm
segment be reinforced. This could be accomplished by supplemental diagonal bracing designed
following Example 3.

September 2004

Alll61

FIG 13.5 DIAPHRAGM SHEARS

FIG 13.6a UNIT DEFLECTION AT 1

FIG 13.6b UNIT DEFLECTION AT 2

Alll62

September 2004

g. Stiffness Method - As in the previous example, the split-level diaphragm can be solved by
the stiffness method. Referring to Fig. 13.6a and 13.6b, the following stiffness matrix is developed:

= G'root (

S11

S 12 -- - G'

11'<1//

~~jjt) +

:~.;:

G'11all (

( 16
72 jt
jt )

S'

= -G.

S,

_I

- G'wall ( /of!
72./f ) +

'n-

-90)

120
-90

S= (

11

( 72 .fi )
Jo ./f

{S = (

140 kip/in.

o//

11(///

24./i ) +
24./f

croof
J

( 4?\ .fi
HO .fi

21.0

-15 .?\ )
. -; kN/mm)
-15.H 24._

The forces that restrain the structure are:

80ft
F 2-w22-

F =

( -2/.6)
-8.64

kip

{F

=(

-96.0?\2 )
-38.433

kN)

The deflections are then calculated by

= s- 1 (-FJ

11

11

=(

111 )
/1,

=(

0.437)
in
0.343
.

{8

~ ( /~ )mm)

These deflections agree with those previously calculated.


Forces within the diaphragm can be calculated using basic principles of stiffness analysis. For
example the forces are calculated as follows:
The shear forces in the diaphragms at Line 3 are:
R I --

R,
-

/..
-"'-')I . 6 1\lfJ

= -?\.64 kifJ

) (ALJ.I )
+ G.mof ( -72-.fi
.
. 120ft
48 ft
+ G'.wnt ( RO
.If

{ RI

R I = -R.49 kip

)(,:1,)-

= 1.64 kip

R2

= -37.?\ kN}

{R 2 =7.29kN}

The shear forces in the wall diaphragms at Line 3 are:


For the higher wall diaphragm:

p 1111 -

--

110 //

(
.

72ft )

/6./f .

(L1 I ) + G'

11 "

11

72ft ) (

/6ft

11 2 )

p/1\\

= -8.49 kip

{P 11 "

= -37.8 kN}

P 1"

= -6.85 kip

{ P 1".

= -30.5 klv'/

For the lower wall diaphragm:


p

I"

= -cwall (

24ft

24ft

)(,:1,)-

Again, the forces in the diaphragm are summarized in Fig 13.5.

September 2004

Alll-63

FIG 14.1

W-1

x___,
I
I
I
I
I
I

3@h

CORF

Y--'

z-

1'
i
I

I
I

1
l

i
I

w(p(f)

5@a

FIG 14.2 FLOOR PLAN AND SHEAR DIAGRAM

Alll64

September 2004

EXAMPLE 14 Floor Diaphragms.


Multistory structures may have floor layouts where a central core is used as the principal
element for resisting lateral forces. A core, such as that indicated for the building of Fig. 14.1 where
certain columns have been omitted for clarity, may attract forces over a rather short length b near
the center of the structure. For unsymmetrical load cases. torsion will be present and it may be
necessary to add secondary bracing in the walls such as that indicated to the left in the figure.
consider one floor as in Fig. 14.2 where the core is to resist all lateral loads w. Examine the
shear distribution in the core vicinitY.
1. To the left of Line 3 (or right of Line 41, the average diaphragm shear force is 2wa and the
average diaphragm shear across the floor width is

2wa
S=-

(aJ

Jb

If the only attachment to the core wall were in the diaphragm and along dimension h. the
average local diaphragm shear is more intense and would be,

2wa
h

(b)

2. If the beams in Line 3 or 4 are attached to the core at their ends, a corner stress problem can
be eliminated. For example, the Beam YZ on Line 3 attracts shears from the left for a total axial force of

2wa
3h

2wa
3

C=h- = -

(C)

It may also receive, depending on the details between Lines 3 and 4, about half the load
between those lines. Then the beam end anchorage required would be about

= 2wa +

wa

(d)

The anchorage is similar to that in Example 9 in which very little movement at the beam ends
could be permitted.
3. Relative to the nearest core wall, the maximum deflection at the diaphragm end is found
from the shear diagram:
2a
,
2H'(J )

L1

3/JG":

2H'(r

= 3hG'

(eJ

Floor diaphragms usually will be concrete filled and quite stiff. suppose G'
{5.25 kN/mm}, w = 250 p(f'{3.65 kN!m}, a= 40ft {/2.2 m}, and h =30ft {9.J../m}.
L1

2 w (/~
3 h G'

L1

= 0.03 in.

{ L1

= 0.8 ll/111}

see Example 16 for other floor diaphragm examples.

September 2004

Alll65

= 30

kiplin

w = 0.200 kip/ft

l I I I I I I I I I 1

a~

,..,.i
...t:l

ve

B-t

ve

.........

II

D-t

~
~

1- 30' ~1-

60'-0''

~I-

~
60' -0"

I
I

~~-

150' -0"

.I

(a) DIAPHRAGM PLAN

ve
30 kip

(b) SHEAR DIAGRAM

0.0 I 00
().()()~3

0.0083
(c) VlbG' VARIATION

FIC 15 DIAPHRAGMS WITH OPEN AREAS

Alll66

September 2004

Example 15 Diaphragm With Open Areas.


Diaphragms with open areas must be designed to account for force transfer around the
openings. The transfer must be arranged such that high local force concentrations are avoided.
Consider the diaphragm of Fig. 15a which has an opening 60ft x 40ft {18.3 m x 12.2 m) nearer the
left end as shown. With w = 0.200 kip/ft {2.92 kN/m}, G' = 30 kip/in. {5.25 kN/mm}, I= 300ft {91.4 m) and
b = 120ft {36.6 m), determine the shear forces around the opening, the maximum deflection, and design
the force transfer mechanism. The maximum shear is

wl
ve =2
= 30.0 ktp.

!al

{133 kN)

The regions marked ah and cd on the shear diagram are for areas having the established
stiffness G' over the full width b. Within the 60 ft zone marked be having the open area, unique
stiffness also exists. For the purpose here, that zone is considered to be two-thirds as stiff as the full
width diaphragms. Then following the Example 5 simplified deflection method with VI bG' variations
as shown in Fig. 15c, the deflections are:

30 kip + 24 kip
At b: 11 h = ---::-=':-::-::--::---"
2(120ft)

30ft
= 0.0083 + 0.0067 (JO) = 0225 in.
30 kip I in.
2

{5.72 mm)

At c: l1 = l1 + 24 kip+ 12 kip
60ft
= 0225 in.+ 0.0100 + 0.0050 (6 0) = 0 _675 in.
h
2(120 ft)
20 kip I in.
2
r
{17.15 mm}

(b)

(C)

The maximum shear deflection is at the point where the VI bG' diagram is zero. That point is
at x to the left of mid-span such that the area to the left and right are equal.

A 1e+r = 0.675 +
J'

0.0033

(60- x) ; A,r =

0.0083

( 150 + x)

Then x =26ft {7.92 m) and 11max = 0 - 0~ 83 (150 + x) = 0.73 in.

{18.54 mm)

(d)

The forces in the vicinity of the opening may be determined from Fig. 15d showing the
average shears to either side of the frame lines containing AC and BD. From the shear diagram and
noting the shear length available;

AC left:
AC right:
BD left:
BD right:

September 2004

s =24 kipll20 ft = 0.200 kiplft


s = 24 kip/( 120ft-40ft) = 0.300 kip/ft
s = 12 kip/(120ft- 40ft)= 0.150 kip!ft
s = 12 ktjJ/l20ft = 0.100 kip!ft

Alll67

{2.92 kN!m)
{4.38 kN!m}
{2.19 kN!m}
{1.46 kN!m)

1
+

.....

::+::::->

s = 24180 = 0 300 k.zp_/ft

t .....
::+::::->
tt ~

-~
A
a~
i-

B t~

"l

-'<

II

~. +
"l
II iVj
+

t~

"l

tt

It~

-..
~
-..
II

tV')

S = 12180 = 0 .150 k'zpifi

(d) AVERAGE SHEARS

l I I I I 1

40ft

kip/ft

~ 6 kip = 0.15 kip/ft X 40ft

i
0.3 kip/ft

~ = 0.1

= 12 kip

SH-+--~~--~~~--~~
2

OPENING

(e) ADJACENT DIAPHRAGM PERIMETER FORCES

rl'

'I

rl'

lJ-

,,,tr,lll

rl'
1111

ll

rl'
E

(f) FRAME AT OPENING

FIG 15 CONTINUED

Alll68

September 2004

The zone above AB or below CD must be in equilibrium through axial forces 511 in members
AB and CD as in Fig. 1Se. These 511 forces must be transferred into adjacent diaphragms over
distances m, as in Fig. 1Sf, sufficiently great to avoid corner crippling. In lieu of a more detailed analysis, presume that half of thew = 0.200 kiplft {2 .92 kNim} line load is acting on the upper zone and half
on the lower zone as with "down wind" suction. Then from Fig. 1Se, equilibrium can be established
by summation of moments about the upper left corner:
SH = 4~ (0.100 kip I jt

60ft

30ft+ 6 kip

60 jt) = I3.5 kip

{60 kN}

<el

Half of this force can be transferred into adjacent diaphragms through extensions such as BE
and over a length of m of Fig. 1Sf. Assume the load is wind load.
Suppose the diaphragm design thickness is t = 0.0295 in. {0.75 rnm}, m
that powder actuated fasteners are used for connections. From section 4.6

= 15 .If {4.57 m}. and

Buildex BX-14:

Qf = 62.5t ( I-5t) = I.572 kip

{7 kN}

Hilti ENP2 and ENPH2:

Qf = 61.1 t (l-4t)

{7.1 kN}

= I.590 kip

Noting a resistance factor of <1> = 0.70 or a safety factor of Q = 2.35 for mechanical connectors
from section 2.4. page 2-12, the transfer of 511 12 into the diaphragms adjacent would require n
fasteners along m.
LRFD

use a wind load factor 'Y w = 1 .60.

= 'Yw SH _ I = IO
2

(f)

<l>Qr

With m = 15ft. the S 11 force is delivered as shear along both sides of the extension:

s=

_I_ = 0.225 kipljt


2m

511

{3.28 kNim}

(g)

It is clear that large openings should be arranged such that their corners lie on major beam
lines thus allowing the transfer length m to be great and the concentrated shear forces to be small.
With m fixed at 15 jt in the above example, the near-by diaphragm zones are required to resist:
ah:

s = 0.200 + 0.225 = 0.425 kipzft

cd:

{6.2 kNim}

= 0.100 + 0.225 = 0.325 kip(ft

{4.74 kNim}

Since the diaphragm above AB must be designed for a 0.300 kiplft {4.38 kNim} un-factored
shear, consider the needed length of m to keep the ah zone at a design shear of similar magnitude.
From
511

2
111

2I

n1

+ 0.200 kip I ft

= 0.300 kiplft

= 33.75 ft

{ 10.27 nz}

The 10 fasteners from Eq. f, along the BE-type extensions. must be included above those
required for the basic design of the ah or cd zones.

September 2004

Alll69


j'

-0 ..

5"

w = 3 @\

7"

/2 "

/0"

= 3 ' -0 ..

SEE WELD DETAIL 16h


BELOW USE EITHER OPTION

AISC /JIMENS/ONS

a)

F.\'(iN iF
IWTII S/1/:LT"i

SECTION DIMENSIONS

h) DED\IL FOR SIDE-LAP WELDING AT SUPPORTS


H"ITH ALTERNATE LAP DETAIL

FIG 16

Alll70

September 2004

Example 16 concrete Filled Floor Diaphragm.


A floor system is fabricated using normal weight concrete over a 2 in. {50.8 111111} deep steel
section as in Fig. 16a. The steel panel lengths are at least 3 I, long where /, is the cross support beam
spacing. Evaluate the composite system for strength and stiffness considering possible use of 314 in.
{ 19 mm}. shear studs on the diaphragm perimeter. The analysis has led to a maximum un-factored
required shear of 0.750 kip!ji { 10.94 kN!m}.
Data:

Assume the shear is due to the lateral wind load.

LRFD

ASD

use a load factor -y". = 1.6

The allowable required shear


S = 0.75 kiplfi { /0.94 kN!m)

Factored required shear


S11 = /.6 (0.750) = 1.2 kip~ft {17.5 kN!m}

d,= 2.5 in. {64 mm} cover;

f.'= 3000 psi {20MPa) ;

= /50 pcf {2400 kg!m 3);

w,

Welds: E70XX 518 in. { 16 mm} diameter, all positions


t

= 0.0358 in. {0.9/ mm); w = 36 in. {914 mm} cover width; No. 10 stitch screws;

Minimum f

= 3 f,. = 27.fi 0 in.

{8.23 m) (three or more span conditions)

Following section 5.3

11

= ft+
8

{S 11

= 8 ft+

khd,

If:= ?t +
8

k=

5.16.

H'

585

'

l'

X /() 3 ,

h=l2in.

H' ,,

74.45.

= n, a s +_I,
H'-

[2n I'

k =

452

.L.(.r") + 4.L.(.r.::)]
I'

'

X /()'>

(EQ. 5.3.1)

= I 000 111111)
(EQ. 2.2-4)

<'

Q,

= 2/.St = 0.77 kip


{Q, = 3.76t = 3.42 kN}

(Section 4.5)

Q 1 = 99t (0.625- f)= 2JJ88 kip

(EQ. 4.2.1-2)

{Q 1 = 0.682t ( /6-!) = 9.37 kN}


n, a,= 3 spans (2 screws 1 span) (Q, I Q 1J

= 2.21

,,
'
''
...::,..\- = ,,
...::,..C = 5- + 17- + 7- + 17- = 052
'

I'

I'

.L..r"

Note that
may be slightly different if a single side-lap weld is used as may be possible with
the left detail of Fig. 16b.
Then
8

= 6.23

and

s/1 = 5.04

kip~fr

{S, = 81.5 kN!m}

The 5.64 kipift value represents the maximum nominal strength available away from perimeter
members.
September 2004

Allt71

W=36"
TYP.

518" ll :L 'JS AT NOMINAL J::."c/c


AT ALL NOS AND END LAPS

518" WELDS
AT NOMINAL

12"clc
AT ALL
SUPPORTS

SEE DETAIL /6h

No. 10 SCREW
(LEFT LAP
TYPE IN
FIG. 16h)

c)

TYPICAL DECK LAYOUT

FIC 16 continued
Alll72

September 2004

With the resistance factor of <1>


wind load <Table 5.1, page 5-6),

= 0.50 or a safety factor of Q = 3.25 for filled diaphragm under

LRFD

ASD

~ = 1.74 kiplft {25 .4 kN!m)

The design strength of diaphragm is


<j>S,, = 2.82 kiplft {41.14 kN/m)
> Su = 1.2 kip/ft {17.5 kN!m).

> S = 0.75 kip/ft { 10.94 kN!m}.

Using the 518 in. {19 mm} welds with Q1 = 2.088 kip {9.288 kN) in shear.

ASD

LRFD
e

= <1>Qt! sll = 10.44 in.

{265 mm)

e = Qt! Q = 10.28 in. {261 mm}

Along member AC of Fig. 16c with!,.= 9ft= 108 in., 10 intermediate welds within f,. would
allow e = 9.82 in. {249 mm) and meet the requirend spacing. However, along member AB, the spacing
was fixed at an average of 12 in. The inclusion of at least one extra weld, within w of Fig. 16a, would
be required at panel ends on the diaphragm perimeter. With the fastener spacing across panel ends
at 12 in., the required shear would be

LRFD

ASD
(10.28/12) (0.75)

(10.44/12) (1.2) = 10.44 kip!ft


{15.2 kN!m)

= 0.64 kip(ft
{9.37 kN/m)

The addition of one extra weld per panel would lead to an average end spacing of 36 in/4 welds
= 9 in. noting that the former average count was three welds per panel or a 12 in. spacing.

Shear studs may be used on the perimeter for force transfer with values established following
section 15, and commentary, of the AISC Manual of Steel construction, Ninth Edition. Given the
general dimension of Fig. 16a, coefficients are developed for shears perpendicular and parallel to
the deck:
N, = I stud per valley

w, = 6 in. rib opening


h, = 2 in. rib height
H 1 = 3.5 in. stud height

Q" = 0.5 A, (f;' E,/ 5 = 21.0 kip for 314 in. studs.
Q" not to exceed A, F 11 of 0.4418 (60) = 26.5 kip. <Follow AISC for symbols)
Perpendicular: FAC =

0 8~.,

(N,) ..

M'h, ,) ( Hh, -l.O)= 1.91; use 1.00


1

Parallel: w, I h, = 3.00 > 1.5, use FAC = 1.00


Suppose it is desired to develop the maximum shear strength of 5.64 kip(ft through perimeter
studs. Then using the value Q, 1 in lieu of the Q1 value earlier, the maximum stud spacing at the edge
would be
e = 12 (21.0) = 44.7 in.
5.64
It is clear that the common AISC maximum spacing of e = 36 in. for these systems is sufficient
for the diaphragm transfer.

September 2004

Alll73

It is expected that this diaphragm is a very rigid diaphragm because the concrete both carries
much of the shear and retards end warping in the steel panels. For Eq. 5.6-1. the developed width per
flute, sld = 14.48112 = 1.207 or sld = 1.206 (Table I, page AIV-7l. For the c term. as in Eq. 3.3-1:

a 1 =a,=_!__ (5
-

36

+17 + 7 + 17)

Sr= 1.15 x Jo- 3 1 (tl 5

S, = 3 x 1W~ I (tf!- 5
nP

= 0.0061

= 1.278

= 0.0159 in.lkip

= 2 interior purlins within

!Eq. 4.4-1 l

{OJJ347 mmlkN}

in.lkip

{0.()907 mmlkN}

n, = 6 stitch screws per panel length


then, C = 29500 (OJJ358) (0.0061)
36
{c =210(0.9/)(0.0347)
914

and,

G'

(
4

24 x 27
) = 11 _99
/.278 + /2 X 0.38

2
) 82J /()()()
4x1.278+12x0.38 ( _,)(
)

29500 x 0 .0358
+ 3.5 (2.5) (3000)117
2.6 X /.206 + 11.99

= 2447 kip/in.

210 x 0. 9 1
+ 0.786 (64) (20)07
/.206 + /2.35

= 422 kN!mm}

{G' =

2.6

!Eq. 3.3-1 l

12~'i)

= --

!Eq. 5.6-1 l

The G' = 2447 kip/in. value defines a very stiff composite system as can be seen from the list
included in Example Problem 4.

September 2004

Alll75

APPENDIX IV
TYPICAL FASTENER LAYOUT
WARPINC FACTOR DEVELOPMENT
DIAPHRAGM DESICN TABLES

September 2004

AIV1

Typical Fastener Layout


1.5(WR,IR,NR)
36" COVERAGE
36/9 PATTERN

(~

36/7 PATTERN

36/5 PATTERN

36/4 PATTERN

36/3 PATTERN

30" COVERAGE
30/6 PATTERN

30/4 PATTERN

30/3 PATTERN

* This pattern is also used for 1.5 in. WR composite deck.


3DR
k----

24" COVERAGE _ __.,

24/4 PATTERN
1.5 in., 2 in. or 3 in. COMPOSITE
36/4 PATTERN
2 in. or 3 in. COMPOSITE
24/3 PATTERN
9/16 FORM

-
35" COVERAGE

35/8 PATTERN

35/7 PATTERN

35/6 PATTERN

35/5 PATTERN

......,

30" COVERAGE
30/7 PATTERN

""'

......

r-.

30/5 PATTERN
30/4 PATTERN
September 2004

AIV3

warping Factor Development


D-values for warping are given in Table 3.3-1 for the more common 1.5 in. deep standard SDI
profiles. They were developed following the rather detailed material from Reference 18 that is
summarized below and suited to programmed use. The profile of one corrugation is as shown where
dimensions are in inches and are presumed to represent flat elements between their intersection
points. The symbols used herein are intended only for this appendix.
Not all of the values in the listing below are needed for any one end fastener layout. Beginning
with WT, values are established for subsequent use leading to DW1 through DW4 representing
D-values for bottom end fasteners in each. alternate, every third, and fourth valleys respectively.
Listing

i
WT = 4f2(j. + w)

PW

= t/5
__j_
D2 = Dl
2

A=2__

= 2(e + w) + f

Cl

I
DJ- D2

DJ

C4 =

C2

CJ =

=I~ ~~2 ]

v( 4e2 - 2 ef

2)

2 (

Jf

+2w)]

Dl[;]+

D2

D2[;]+DJ

CS =

A
(0.5 +A)D1 +D2

1
(0.5+A)D2+D3

C6 =

1
(0.5+A)Dl +D3+ D2
2

AIV4

+/ +d

September 2004

rc;
\IWB
e) rc;
\IWB

f)
c1 vwr-

D4(4)

=(24c2/) vwr;S

D4(5)

=(24!) ;S

D4(6)

G4(1)

= D4(1)

C41 =

A
(1.5A+1)D1+D2

G4(2)

= 2[D4(2)]+ A

1
D3+( 1.5A+1 )D2

G4(3)

= 2[D4(3)]+ D4(6) + 2A[D4(5)]

D4(1) = ( 24

D4(2)

D4(3)

;;;

D42

D43

vwr-

C6

C42

[D4(4)]

rc;
\IWT

=(24/)4

A
(2A+ 1 )Dl +2[D2]

C43 =

1
( 1.5A+ 1 )Dl +(0.5A+ 1)[D2]+D3

=(48e) ~
C41
WB

v
=( !)
v--w7
=( e) ;[iJ
vWB
vWr
4

24
C42

48
C43

D44 = ( 24/)
C44

DW1

=(48

C5

C44

D41

C4

cJ

=(48e)

;;;;

G44 = 2(D42 + D44) + A[2(D41) + D43J

;;;;

= G4( ])(~) PW

DW3

= G4(3)(~)Pw

DW4 = G44(f)Pw

DW2 = G4(2)(Ict)Pw

Any computer program developed fOllowing the above list should be checked against the values of
Table 3.3-1 fOr a preliminary check of its accuracy. For that table, the following inch dimensions were used.

TYPe

WR

1.50

1.5052

6.00

1.000

3.750

0.125

8.760

IR

1.50

1.5052

6.00

0.625

4.500

0.125

8.760

NR

1.50

1.5117

6.00

0.250

5.125

0.1875

8.648

September 2004

AIVS

General Stiffness Equations


BARE DECKS:

G' =

FILLED DECKS:

G'=

For

us

K,

K.;. + 0.3Dr\ +JK, f.


!',.

<for deck with triple span conditionl

units.!, is purlin or joist spacing in feet.

For 51 units. f.. is purl in or joist spacing in meters.

D 11 : select the appropriate value of Drx from Table I, ft. or Table 1-M, m.
K 1: see load tables for the value,jt- 1

To convert to m- 1, multiply K 1 from load table by 3.387. i.e. (3.281l [

Type

Thickness

210000 MPa
])
(29500 ksi) (6.895)

K2

28
26

0.0149 in.
0.0179 in.

0.38 mm
0.45 mm

440 kip/in.
528 kiP/in.

80 kN/mm
95 kN/mm

24
22
20

0.0239 in.
0.0295 in.
0.0358 in.

0.60 mm
0.75 mm
0.91 mm

705 kiP/in.
870 kiP/in.
1056 kiP/in.

126 kN/mm
158 kN/mm
191 kN/mm

18
16

0.0474 in.
0.0598 in.

1.20 mm
1.52 mm

1398 kiP/in.
1764 kiP/in.

252 kN/mm
319 kN/mm

Concrete type
insulating concrete
structural concrete

Deck profile

f'c
125 psi
3000 psi

KJ
0.860 MPa
21 MPa

260 kip/in.
2380 kip/in.

46 kN/mm
430 kN/mm

K4

WR,IR,NR
DR
9/16" x 2.5" form deck

3.78
4.31
3.20

1.5" x 6" composite deck


2" x 12" composite
3" x 12" composite deck

3.78
3.14
3.54

AIV-6

September 2004

Table 1
TYPICAL FASTENER PATIERNS
Deck
Type

Deck
Profile

ROOF
DECK

3"

ROOF
DECK

1.5"

~ (~)2

n_,

36/9

3.000

1.278

36/7

2.000

36/5

Warping Constant, Dxx, It


D24
D22
D20
97
129
226
169
356
266
129
97
226
169
266
356
758
567
886
663
728
974
1072
802
1216
909
1282
959
2209
1652
2428
1816
2442
1827
129
97
226
169
356
266
1377
1030
1547
1157
1608
1202
1754
1312
1943
1453
1978
1480

018
63
111
175
63
111
175
372
435
478
526
597
630
1084
1192
1199
63
111
175
676
760
789
861
954
971

016
45
78
123
45
78
123
262
307
337
371
421
444
765
841
846
45
78
123
477
536
557
607
673
685

653

488

321

226

1072

802

526

371

1.206
1.206

139
139

104
104

68
68

48
48

1.360
1.360

271
271

203
203

133
133

94
94

2.333

1.454

0.778

2.000

1.454

1.667

0.722

1.333

1.454

36/4

1.333

0.556

1.000

1.454

36/3

1.000

0.500

0.667

1.454

30/6

1.800

0.700

2.000

1.454

30/4

1.600

0.680

1.200

1.454

30/3

1.100

0.510

0.800

1.454

DR

24/4

1.333

0.556

1.500

1.658

2.5"

35/8
35/7
35/6
35/5
30/7
30/5
30/4

2.286
2.143
1.714
1.571
2.000
1.500
1.333

0.857
0.847
0.674
0.663
0.778
0.625
0.556

2.400
2.057
1.714
1.371
2.400
1.600
1.200

1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232

6"

36/4

1.333

0.556

1.000

1.454

12"

36/4
24/3

1.333
1.000

0.556
0.500

1.000
1.000

12"

36/4
24/3

1.333
1.000

0.556
0.500

1.000
1.000

PITCH

COMP.
DECK

Q'

9/16"

FORM
DECK

sld

WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR

1.5"

Fastener
Pattern

PITCH

1
1

D28

126
189
250
365
128
270
436

D26

97
143
190
277
97
205
331

63
93
124
181
63
134
216

2"

COMP.
DECK

PITCH

3"

COMP.
DECK

PITCH

Table II
Deck
Type
1.5"

ROOF
DECK

Table 111

Deck
Profile

WR
IR
NR

Moment of Inertia, in 4 I ft I Deck Thickness No.


28
26
24
22
20
16
18
0.152 0.198 0.284
0.355
0.108 0.139 0.196
0.245
0.099 0.128 0.181
0.226

3"

ROOF
DECK

DR

0.551

0.714

1.036

1.295

0.165
0.338
0.797

0.212
0.420
0.993

0.308
0.560
1.324

0.400
0.700
1.666

9/16"

FORM
DECK

2.5"

0.011

0.013

0.017

PITCH
1.5" X 6"

COMP. 2" X 12"


3" X 12"

September 2004

AIV-7

Steel
Property
Fy

Fu
E

28
80

Panel Yield Strength, ksi 1Deck Thickness No.


26
24
22
20
18
80
80
33
33
33
45
45
45
29500

16
33
45

Table 1-M
TYPICAL FASTENER PATTERNS
Deck
Profile

Deck
Type

Fastener
Pattern

36/9

3.000

36/7

Warping Constant, Dxx, m


D22
D20
D24
39
30
69
52
109
81
39
30
69
52
81
109
231
173
202
270
297
222
327
245
371
277
391
292
673
504
740
554
745
557
39
30
69
52
109
81
314
420
472
353
490
366
535
400
592
443
603
451

D18
19
34
53
19
34
53
113
133
146
160
182
192
330
363
366
19
34
53
206
232
241
263
291
296

D16
14
24
38
14
24
38
80
94
103
113
128
135
233
256
258
14
24
38
145
163
170
185
205
209

199

149

98

69

327

245

160

113

1.206
1.206

42
42

32
32

21
21

15
15

1.360
1.360

83
83

62
62

41
41

29
29

N
m1

sld

1.278

7.652

1.454

2.000

0778

6.560

1.454

36/5

1.667

0.722

4.373

1.454

36/4

1.333

0.556

3.280

1.454

36/3

1.000

0.500

2.187

1.454

30/6

1.800

0.700

6.560

1.454

30/4

1.600

0.680

3.936

1.454

30/3

1.100

0.510

2.624

1.454

DR

2414

1.333

0.556

4.920

1.658

2.5"

35/8
35/7
35/6
35/5
30/7
30/5
3014

2.286
2.143
1.714
1.571
2.000
1.500
1.333

0.857
0.847
0.674
0.663
0 778
0.625
0.556

7.872
6.747
5.622
4.497
7.872
5.248
3.936

1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232
1.232

6"

36/4

1.333

0.556

3.280

1.454

12"

3614
24/3

1.333
1.000

0.556
0.500

3 280
3.280

12"

3614
24/3

1.333
1 000

0.556
0.500

3.280
3.280

WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR
WR
IR
NR

1.5"

ROOF
DECK

l~f

D28

D26

3"

ROOF
DECK
9/16"

FORM
DECK

PITCH

38
58
76
111
39
82
133

30
44
58
84
30
63
101

19
28
38
55
19
41
66

1.5"

COMP.
DECK

PITCH

2"

COMP.
DECK

PITCH

3"

COMP.
DECK

PITCH

Table 11-M
Deck
Type
1.5"

ROOF
DECK

Table 111-M

WR
IR
NR

Moment of Inertia, mm4 I mm 1 Deck Thickness No.


28
26
24
22
20
18
16
208
270
485
388
148
190
268
335
175
247
135
309

DR

753

975

1415

1769

225
462
1089

290
574
1357

421
765
1809

546
956
2276

Deck
Profile

3"

ROOF
DECK

Steel
Property
Fy
Fu
E

28
550

Panel Yield Strength, MPa I Deck Thickness No.


26
24
22
20
18
550
550
230
230
230
310
310
310
210000

16
230
310

9/16"

FORM
DECK

2.5"

15

18

23

PITCH
1S'

X 6"

COMP. 2" X 12"


3''

12"

AIVS

September 2004

Table IV TYPICAL FASTENER VALUES NOMINAL SHEAR STRENCTH (Qf &

0 5 ) & FLEXIBILITY (Sf & S5 )

SUPPORT FASTENER NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH


Ot, lbf I Deck Thickness No.

28

TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER


5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
3/4" puddle weld or equivalent
16 gauge weld washer with 3/8" hole- E70XX
Buildex or ElcoTextron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (0.113" to 0.155" support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (0.155" to 0.25" support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (0.187" to 0.312" support steel)
Pneutek K66-seriesJ0.281" & greater support steel)
Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 (0.25" minimum support steel)
Hilti ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (0.125" to 0.375" support steel)

1199
652
594
629
642
725
729
621
856
763

26

24

1552
859
769
814
807
912
916
780
1015
914

2371
1325
1147
1215
1173
1325
1332
1134
1321
1213

22

20

18

16

1739
2104

2088
2531

2710
3297

3346
4086

1016
1484
1572
1527
1711
1699
1814
1590
1489

1233
1734
1837
1828
1973
2209
2251
1874
1795

1633
2134
2260
2360
2403
2985
3101
2347
2348

2060
2473
2620
2896
2812
3686
4076
2780
2924

SUPPORT FASTENER FlEXIBiliTY

28

TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER


5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
3/4" puddle weld or equivalent
16 gauge weld washer with 3/8" hole - E70XX
Buildex or ElcoTextron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (0.113" to 0.155" support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (0.155" to 0.25" support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (0.187" to 0.312" support steel)
Pneutek K66-series (0.281" & greater support steel)
Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 (0.25" minimum support steel)
Hilti ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (0.125" to 0.375" support steel)

0.0094
0.0107
0.0205
0.0205
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0102
0.0102

26
0.0086
0.0097
0.0187
0.0187
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224
0.0093
0.0093

St. in./Kip I Deck Thickness No.


24
22
20
0.0074
0.0084
0.0162
0.0162
0.0194
0.0194
0.0194
0.0194
0.0081
0.0081

18

16

0.0067
0.0067

0.0061
0.0061

0.0053
0.0053

0.0047
0.0047

0.0076
0.0146
0.0146
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175
0.0175
0.0073
0.0073

0.0069
0.0132
0.0132
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159
0.0066
0.0066

0.0060
0.0115
0.0115
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138
0.0057
0.0057

0.0053
0.0102
0.0102
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123
0.0051
0.0051

SIDE-lAP FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH


Os, lbf I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SIDE-lAP FASTENER

28

26

24

5/8" puddle weld or 1.5" long fillet weld


#8 screws
#1 0 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

280
320
362
424

337
384
435
510

449
513
580
681

22

20

18

16

1304
555
633
716
840

1566
673
769
869
1020

2033
891
1018
1151
1350

2510
1124
1284
1452
1703

SIDE-lAP FASTENER FlEXIBiliTY


Ss, in/Kip I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SIDE-lAP FASTENER

28

26

24

22

20

18

16

0.0066

0.0194
0.0194
0.0194
0.0194

0.0073
0.0175
0.0175
00175
0.0175

0.0057
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138
0.0138

0.0051
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123
0.0123

5/8" puddle weld or 1.5" long fillet weld


#8 screws
#10 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

September 2004

0.0246
0.0246
0.0246
0.0246

AIV9

0.0224
0.0224
0.0224
0.0224

0.0159
0.0159
0.0159
0.0159

Table IV-M - TYPICAL FASTENER VALUES - NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH lOf & 0 5 ) & FLEXIBILITY lSf & S5 )
SUPPORT FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH
Ot. kN I Deck Thickness No.
18
22
20
TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER
28
26
24
16 mm puddle weld or equivalent
19 mm puddle weld or equivalent
1.5 mm weld washer with 10 mm hole- E70XX
Buildex and Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (3 mm to 4 mm support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (4 mm to 6 mm support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (5 mm to 8 mm support steel)
Pneutek K66-series (7 mm & greater support steel)
Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 (6 mm minimum support steel)
Hilti ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (3 mm to 10 mm support steel)

5.50
2.92
2.66
2.80
2.87
3.24
3.26
2.77
3.82
3.41

6.96
3.76
3.37
3.56
3.54
4.00
4.02
3.42
4.47
4.03

10.55
5.79
5.02
5.30
5.13
5.80
5.83
4.96
5.81
5.34

16

7.80
9.33

9.27
11.11

12.11
14.57

14.83
17.90

4.56
6.60
6.97
6.81
7.63
7.59
8.07
7.08
6.63

5.48
7.65
8.07
8.07
8.72
9.73
9.89
8.27
7.91

7.30
9.47
9.99
10.49
10.68
13.27
13.73
10.41
10.42

9.13
10.92
11.52
12.77
12.42
16.26
17.85
12.26
12.86

SUPPORT FASTENER FLEXIBILITY


Sf, mm/kN I Deck Thickness No.

28

TYPE OF SUPPORT FASTENER


16 mm puddle weld or equivalent
19 mm puddle weld or equivalent
1.5 mm weld washer with 10 mm hole- E70XX
Buildex and Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS
Buildex BX-12
Buildex BX-14
Pneutek SDK61-series (3 mm to 4 mm support steel)
Pneutek SDK63-series (4 mm to 6 mm support steel)
Pneutek K64-series (5 mm to 8 mm support steel)
Pneutek K66-series (7 mm & greater support steel)
Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 (6 mm minimum support steel)
Hilti ENP2K. X-EDN19. or X-EDNK22 (3 mm to 10 mm. support steel)

0.0537
0.0607
0.1166
0.1166
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400
0.0584
0.0584

26

24

0.0493
0.0558
0.1072
0.1072
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286
0.0537
0.0537

0.0427
0.0483
0.0928
0.0928
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114
0.0465
0.0465

22

20

18

16

0.0382
0.0382

0.0349
0.0349

0.0302
0.0302

0.0270
0.0270

0.0432
0.0830
0.0830
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997
0.0416
0.0416

0.0394
0.0758
0.0758
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910
0.0379
0.0379

0.0341
0.0656
0.0656
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788
0.0329
0.0329

0.0305
0.0587
0.0587
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705
0.0294
0.0294

SIDE-LAP FASTENER NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH


Os. kN I Deck Thickness No.
TYPE OF SIDE-LAP FASTENER
16 mm puddle weld or 38 mm fillet weld
#8 screws
#10 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

28
1.25
1.43
1.62
1.90

26
1.48
1.69
1.91
2.24

24

22

20

18

16

1.97
2.26
2.55
2.99

5.85
2.47
2.82
3.19
3.74

6.95
2.96
3.38
3.83
4.49

9.08
3.95
4.51
5.10
5.99

11.1
4.94
5.64
6.38
7.48

SIDE-LAP FASTENER FLEXIBILITY


TYPE OF SIDE-LAP FASTENER
16 mm puddle weld or 38 mm fillet weld
#8 screws
#1 0 screws
#12 screws
#14 screws

28
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400
0.1400

AIV-10

26
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286
0.1286

Ss, mm/kN I Deck Thickness No.


24
22
20
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114
0.1114

0.0416
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997
0.0997

0.0379
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910
0.0910

18

16

0.0329
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788
0.0788

0.0294
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705
0.0705

September 2004

Table V WELDS IN TENSION


Deck
Thickness
in.

0.500

0.0295
0.0358
0.0474
0.0598

930
1110
1435
1760

<j>u = 0.6 !lu = 2.5

Tn, lbf( 1 )
Visible Diameter, in.
0.625
0.750
1175
1410
1835
2265

1425
1710
2230
2765

1.000
1915
2310
3025
3765

!1 l Tn =Minimum (n de 2 FxJ4, 0.8 (Fulfv) 2 tdafu)

per Reference 37, Section E2.2.2.


fxx = 70 ksi, fu = 45 ksi, Fy = 33 ksi
This table is for concentrically loaded arc spot weld
connecting single sheet to support.
Refer to Reference 37 for tensile strength of eccentrically
loaded welds on butted or lapped end supports, or in
side-lap flutes over supports.
Table VM WELDS IN TENSION <J>u = 0.6 !lu = 2.5
Deck
Thickness
mm

13

0.75
0.91
1.20
1.52

4.14
4.94
6.38
7.83

Tn, kN
Visible Diameter, mm
16
19
5.23
6.27
8.16
10.08

6.34
7.61
9.92
12.30

25
8.52
10.28
13.46
16.75

<l>u =0.5 nu = 3.0

Table VI SCREWS IN TENSION


Deck
Thickness
in.
0.0295
0.0358
0.0474
0.0598

Tn. lbf I tc(min) (l), in.


Screw Type I Screw Head or Washer Diameter, in.
#12
114"
#10
0.415
0.400
0.430
0.480
0.520
0.400
795
0.077
965
0.094
1280
0.124
1615
0.157

825
0.080
1005
0.097
1330
0.129
1675
0.162

795
0.068
965
0.083
1280
0.110
1615
0.138

855
0.073
1040
0.089
1375
0.118
1735
0.149

955
0.069
1160
0.084
1535
0.111
1940
0.140

995
0.072
1210
0.087
1600
0.116
2020
0.146

!1lTn= Minimum (Pnot, Pnov) per Reference 37, Section E4.4.

fu1 = 45 ksi, Fuz = 65 ksi


tc = lesser of depth of penetration and thickness of member not in
contact with screw head.
Pull-over governs, as shown, when actual tc is thicker than tc (min);
Pull-out governs when actual tc is thinner than tc (min).
<l>u = 0.5 nu =3.0

Table VIM SCREWS IN TENSION


Deck
~hickness
mm
0.75
0.91
1.20
1.52

Tn. kN I tc(min), mm
Screw Type I Screw Head or Washer Diameter, mm
#10
#12
6.4mm
10.2
10.5
10.2
10.9
12.2
13.2
3.54
2.0
4.29
2.4
5.69
3.2
7.18
4.0

September 2004

3.67
2.0
4.47
2.5
5.92
3.3
7.45
4.1

3.54
1.7
4.29
2.1
5.69
2.8
7.18
3.5

3.80
1.9
4.63
2.3
6.12
3.0
7.72
3.8

4.25
1.8
5.16
2.1
6.83
2.8
8.63
3.6

4.43
1.8
5.38
2.2
7.12
2.9
8.99
3.7

AIV11

Table VII BUILDEX FASTENER IN TENSION


Deck
~hickness Buildex
in.
0.0295
0.0358
0.0474
0.0598
11lTnov= 1.5 t dw Fu

Tn, lbf(l)
Fastener Type (0.562 in. Washer Diameter)
BX-14
BX-12
996
996
1208
1208
1600
1600
2018
2018
per this manual, page 4-14, section 4.9.3

Table VIIM BUILDEX FASTENER IN TENSION


Deck
Tn, kN
Thickness Buildex Fastener Type (14.3 mm Washer Diameter)
BX-14
mm
BX-12
0.75
4.43
4.43
5.37
0.91
5.37
7.12
1.20
7.12
1.52
8.98
8.98

Table VIII PNEUTEK FASTENER IN TENSION


Tn. lbf(l)
Deck
~hickness
Pneutek Fastener Type (0.5 in. Head Diameter)
in.
SDK61-series SDK63-series K64-series
K66-series
0.0295
630
630
630
630
0.0358
929
929
929
929
1093( 2 )
0.0474
1628
1628
1628
2
2
)
)
1
093(
2463(
0.0598
2591
2591
Ill Tnov = 32.2 Dh t2 Fu per this manual, page 4-14, section 4.9.3
12l Nominal tensile capacity is limited by the nominal pull-out of the
fastener from the applicable support steel thickness.

Table VIIIM PNEUTEK FASTENER IN TENSION


Deck
~hickness

mm
0.75
0.91
1.20
1.52

Tn. kN
Pneutek Fastener Type (12. 7 mm Head Diameter)
SDK61-series SDK63-series K64-series
K66-series
2.80
2.80
2.80
2.80
4.13
4.13
4.13
4.13
4.86
7.24
7.24
7.24
4.86
10.96
11.52
11.52

AIV12

September 2004

Table IX HILTI FASTENER IN TENSION


Tn, lbf(1)
Deck Hilti Fastener Type I Fastener Washer Diameter, in.
X-EDN191 X-EDNK22
~hickness ENP21ENPH21ENP2K
in.
0.591
0.474
0.0295
1128
1070
0.0358
1369
1369
0.0474
1813
1813
2287
0.0598
2287
!11Tnov= 1. 7 I dw Fu per this manual, page 4-14, section 4.9.3

Table IXM HILTI FASTENER IN TENSION


Tn. kN
Hi IIi Fastener Type I Fastener Washer Diameter, mm
Deck
X-EDN191 X-EDNK22
~hickness ENP2/ ENPH21 ENP2K
12
in.
15
4.76
5.02
0.75
6.09
0.91
6.09
8.06
1.20
8.06
10.17
10.17
1.52

Table X & XM FASTERNER PAnERN FACTORS

{3

{3
Deck
Profile
WR, IR. NR

WR. IR. NR
DR

September 2004

Fastener
Pattern
36/7
36/5
36/4
36/3
3016
30/4
3013
24/4

Welds
ft1

m-1

1.900
1.233
0.900
0.567
1.880
1.080
0.680
1.350

6.234
4.046
2.953
1.859
6.168
3.543
2.231
4.429

Mechanical Fasteners
ft1
ml
6.565
4.376
3.282
2.188
6.562
3.937
2.625
4.918

2.000
1.333
1.000
0.667
2.000
1.200
0.800
1.500

AIV-13

APPENDIX V
LOAD TABLES

September 2004

AV1

LOAD TABLES
THE LOAD TABLES ARE SHOWING NOMINAL STRENGTH VALUES. THE VALUES MUST NOT BE USED
WITHOUT APPLYING THE PROPER SAFETY OR RESISTANCE FACTOR.
LRFD

ASD

The values of the load tables must be


multiplied by a resistance factor (number
smaller than or equal to 0.70J when comparing
to forces evaluated using Load and Resistance
Factor Design.

The values of the load tables must be


divided by a safety factor (number larger than
or equal to 2.35> when comparing to forces
evaluated using Allowable stress Design.

The following load tables are for typical panel configurations and connector types. Specific
design applications may dictate an arrangement, not listed, which would require the designer to
make direct use of the strength and stiffness formulas shown in sections 1 through 5.
The tables are arranged showing the fastener types, safety factor and resistance factor at the
top along with the fastener patterns as defined in Appendix IV. For each steel base sheet metal design
thickness given, nominal shear strengths are listed under the specific span lengths. The column
"SIDE-LAP CONN./SPAN" shows the number of connectors between structural supports at the sheet
edge. For example, "5" would represent six even spaces or stitch fasteners at 12 in. on center within
a 6 ft deck span.
Nominal diaphragm shears due to panel buckling are tabulated at the bottom of the pages to
check whether the panel buckling governs over connector strength for diaphragm design. The
asterisk (*) in the strength table indicates the potential of panel buckling governing over connector
strength under a certain type of lateral load. The tables were done in this manner because of the
different safety or resistance factors that apply to connector strength and panel buckling.
For roof deck and composite floor deck, the steel yield point is taken at 33 ksi; form deck yield
strength is taken at 80 ksi. Structural concrete strength is 3000 psi, and the densities are 145 pcf and
110 pcf for normal weight and light weight concrete respectively. Though design tables show
side-lap stitch welds for all thickness listed, they are not recommended for design thickness of
0.0295 in. and less.
The Dxx-values are the warping constants for the particular connector pattern and panel
profile. They may be substituted directly into the c stiffness equation in Appendix IV. oxx-values.
K2-, K3-, and K4-values are listed in Appendix IV. K1-values are found with the appropriate load table.
The tables for structural concrete filled deck are for 1.5 in., 2 in. and 3 in. composite deck
attached with a 36/4 pattern. The values would not appreciably change for 24 in. wide deck attached
with a 24/3 pattern. The concrete thickness above the deck is 2.5 in. as a minimum.
The load tables for 9/16 in. form decks are shown with structural concrete fill of minimum 2.5 in.
cover or with insulating concrete assembled as lVPe I and lVPe II attached at a basic 30/4 pattern. lVPe 1
decks have 2.5 in. of insulating concrete above the deck. lVPe 11 decks have insulating concrete poured to
the top Of the steel deck; Next, rigid insulating boards of expanded polystyrene, having about 2% of the
area containing holes, are embedded into the insulating concrete with the excess concrete moving into
the holes (rigid insulating boards should be held 3 in. away from diaphragm shear resisting lines>; Finally
a topping layer of 2 in. or more of insulating concrete is placed above the rigid insulating board. The
strength of the insulating concrete is taken asf'c = 125 psi.
There may be shaded values or no values on portions of a load table. The shaded values do
not comply with the minimum spacing for side-lap connections and shall not be used except with
properly spaced side-lap connections. The shaded areas will be the rows foro side-lap connection and
are shown for reference. A conservative approach to get nominal shear for diaphragms with button
punched side-laps is to use the values from the o side-lap connection rows.
September 2004

AY3

TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR DIAPHRAGM LOAD TABLES


STANDARD ROOF DECK
FRAME FASTENER
DECK
TYPE

SIDE-LAP
CONNECTION

WELDS
1 1/2"
ROOF
DECK

#10 SCREWS

3"
WELDS
ROOF
DECK #10 SCREWS

FASTENING
PATTERN
36/9
36/7
36/5
36/4
36/3
30/6
30/4
30/3
36/9
36/7
36/5
36/4
36/3
30/6
30/4
30/3
24/4
24/4

WELDS

SCREWS

3/4" P.W. 5/8" P.W.

#12

BX-12

BX-14

SDK61
SERIES

SDK63
SERIES

K64SERIES

K66
SERIES

HILTI
ENP2K
ENP2
XEDN19
ENPH2
X-EDNK22

AV-13

AV-17

AV-21

AV-25

AV-29

AV-33

AV-37

AV-41

AV-45

thru

thru

thru

thru

thru

thru

thru

thru

thru

thru

AV-16

AV-20

AV-24

AV-28

AV-32

AV-36

AV-40

AV-44

AV-48

AV-52

AV-56

AV-57

AV-58

AV-59

AV-60

AV-61

AV-62

AV-63

AV-64

AV-5

AV-9

thru

thru

AV-8

AV-12

AV-53

PNEUTEK

BUILDEX

AV-49

AV-54
AV-55

STANDARD FORM DECK (Side-lap Connection #10 Screws)


FRAME FASTENER
DECK
TYPE

9/16"

TYPE OF
FILL

FASTENING
PATTERN

WITHOUT
FILL

35/8
35/7
35/6
35/5
30/7
30/5
30/4

2 1/2"
FORM
DECK

N.W & L.W.


CONCRETE
TYPE I & II
INSULATING
CONCRETE

SCREWS
WELDS
3/4" P.W. 5/8" P.W.
with weld with weld
#12
washer
washer

AV-65
AV-66
AV-67

AV-68
AV-69
AV-70

BUILD EX

PNEUTEK

BX-12

BX-14

SDK61
SERIES

SDK63SERIES

K64SERIES

K66
SERIES

AV-71
AV-72
AV-73

AV-74
AV-75
AV-76

AV-77
AV-78
AV-79

AV-80
AV-81
AV-82

AV-83
AV-84
AV-85

AV-86
AV-87
AV-88

HILTI
ENP2K
ENP2
X-EDN19
ENPH2
XEDNK22

AV-89
AV-90
AV-91

AV-92
AV-93
AV-94

30/4
30/4

STANDARD COMPOSITE DECK <Support Fastener Pattern 36/4)


FRAME FASTENER
DECK
TYPE

SIDE-LAP
CONNECT.

TYPE OF
CONCRETE

NONE
(MULTIPLE
FASTENER
LAYOUT)
WELDS
11/2"x6"
NORMAL
WEIGHT
CONCRETE
2" X 12"
(2 1/2"
3'' X 12''
COVER
#10
LIGHT WEIGHT
SCREWS CONCRETE
(2 1/2"
COVER)

WELDS

SCREWS

3/4" P.W. 5/8" P.W.

#12

BUILD EX
BX-12

PNEUTEK

BX-14

SDK61SERIES

SDK63SERIES

K64SERIES

AV-111

AV-115

AV-119

AV-123 AV-127

thru

thru

thru

K66SERIES

HILTI
ENP2K
ENP2
X-EDN19
ENPH2
XEDNK22

AV-95

thru
AV-98

AV-99

AV-103 AV-1 07

thru

thru

thru

AV-102

AV-1 06

AV-110

AV-4

AV-114 AV-118

AV-122

thru

thru

AV-126 AV-130

AV-131

AV-135

thru

thru

AV-134 AV-138

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t =design thickness =0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/4" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld not recommended by SDI
FASTENER SIDE LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<J>
<1>

<j> IEOI: 0.55


IWINDI: 0.70
IOtherl: 0.60

IEOI: 3.00
IWINDI: 2.35
IOtherl: 2.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH , PLF


SPAN, FT

3.0

3.5

2150
2450
2715
2950
3160
3345
3505
1375
1725
2035
2310
2545
2750
2925
1215
1505
1740

1890
2170
2430
2660
2870
3060
3230
1195
1510
1800
2060
2295
2500
2685
1070

19~~

207
2195 -c
2290
930
1210
1415

4.0
1685
1945
2190
2415
2620
2810 *
2980 *
1040
1345
1610
1855
2080

5.5

6.0

6.5

1200
1440
1670
1865
2045
2220
2385
745

1095
1310
1530
1730
1905
2070
2225
675
895
1110
1310

1000

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*

10~~ ~80

.A325~

215
1415 *

*
*
*
*

*
*

1405
1605
1775
1935
2090
620

.d~{~ ~1}~0

&J~ @~g~ 1\\~:e

- ~~~ ?~5}~ 1\))8~;2

*
*
*
*
*

9~?

v }~

as, :?1~1~~~,~ ~~

...~~ ~~ 1l~~g1~ ~~ ~1~


'$2'6

1670
1745

~ '1~~~

It~~}~

fi.~1

1070\.~ ?~~~

~~ ~~5
1~~-

2220
2435
2625
1000
1265
1485
1660
1805
1920
2010

K1

920 *

1020 *
1220 *
~~4():1,
1495~- 1390 *
1~0.0 ~ 1~5 * l@~o
) 1555 *
2285 .~
* ~~66~~
1715 *
1 60 ~ '
24l7.0~
8:30
625
570
685 ~"\
~'6%0
840
1030
960
~ 111
-~
1200
*
"'-1125
*
~fu8s X
*
1545 [(\1
13~5_, - f27-0.
' 1405 *
1)""1~~
204_()~ 1\ 920
71Q
1530 *
430
- 470
50
685
~ .J-oP5
35
870
815
I' 1095
1025
960
13~~ 1-3
1230
1095 *
1160
1480
1210 *
1275 *
1420
1345
1585 (
1380 *
1315 *
1445 *
1515
, 590
tBZQ
\
- 820
735
665
605
555
1110
820
995
900
1040
1375
1250
1135
955
1775
1610
1470
1250 *
1155 *
1350
1675
1545 *
1435 *
1335 *
2010
1830
1730 *
1610 *
1500 *
2035
1870 *
2220
2050 *
1905 *
1775 *
1660 *
2220 *
2410
795
710
890
645
585
535
875
1140
1035
950
800
1145
1355
1245
1060
985
920
1420
1320
1230
1145
1075 *
1535
1375
1295 *
1215 *
1685
1570
1470
1425 *
1700
1600
1510 *
1345 *
1805
1620 *
1540 *
1460 *
1710 *
1905
1805
~

..
~j~ f~~i~ ~'~~g~~

1~jp~ ~\~~s""
1575

168
1760~
1825
1250
1610
1935
2220
2470
2685
2870
1135
1415
1635
1805
1935
2035
2115

5.0
1330
1595
1815
2020
2210
2390
2560
820

~~1.

1 ~~
A5

7.0

4.5
1490
1760
1985
2200
2400
2585
2755
920
1205
1455
1685

1295
1480
1665
1815
1965
575

945
1130
1300
1460
1610
530

*
*
*

900
1055
1195
1330
1450
395

*
*
*
*
*

765
905
1035
1150
1255
510
885
1070
1250
1405
1560
495
865
1010
1150
1275
1390

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

0.324
0.222
0.169
0.136
0.114
0 .098
0.086
0.486
0.287
0.204
0.158
0.129
0.109
0.094
0.583
0.319
0.219
0.167
0.135
0.113
0.098
0.729
0.358
0.237
0.177
0.142
0.118
0.101
0.647
0.366
0.256
0.196
0.159
0.134
0 .116
0.728
0.391
0.267
0.203
0.164
0.137
0.118

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING . SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

IBUCklingl: 0.80

IBUCklingl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn) , PLF I SPAN, FT

DECK
PROFILE

I
in 4 /H

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

NR
lA
WR

0.099
0.108
0.152

4130
4410
5700

3035
3240
4185

2325
2480
3205

1835
1960
2535

1485
1590
2050

1230
1310
1695

1035
1100
1425

880
940
1215

760
810
1045

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [cj> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, cj> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength s.J

September 2004

AVS

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)


t design thickness

=0.0358"

<I>

SUPPORT FASTENING: 3/4" puddle weld or equivalent


SIDElAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

(WIND): 0.70

<1>

(Other): 0.60

Q
Q

(EQJ: :S.OO

(WIND): 2.35
(Other): 2.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0
2025
2340
2630
2900
3150
3375
3580
1255
1615
1935
2235
2505
2745
2965
1145
1455
1720
1950
2150
2315
2450
880
1175
1425
1620
1780
1905
2005
1125
1500
1830
2135
2415
2670
2895
1075
1375
1630
1845
2025
2170
2295

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

(EQ): 0.55

<!>

4.5
1805
2115
2390
2645
2885
3110 *
3315 *
1110
1450
1750
2025
2285
2520
2740
1025
1315
1575
1800
1995
2165
2310
780
1070
1310
1510
1670
1805
1915
995
1340
1650
1935
2200
2445
2665
965
1245
1495
1705
1890
2045
2170

5.0
1615
1925
2185
2430 *
2660 *
2875 *
3075 *
995
1310
1590
1850
2095
2325
2535 *
920
1205
1445
1665
1860
2030
2180
695
980
1210
1405
1570
1710
1825
890
1205
1500
1765
2015
2250
2465 *
860
1140
1375
1585
1765
1925
2060

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

1455
1740
2010 *
2240 *
2460 *
2670 *
2865 *
900
1185
1460
1705
1935
2155 *
2355 *
830
1105
1335
1545
1735
1905
2055 *
625
905
1120
1315
1480
1620
1740
805
1090
1375
1625
1860
2080 *
2290 *
780
1050
1275
1475
1655
1810
1950

1325
1585
1850 *
2080 *
2290 *
2490 *
2675 *
820
1080
1340
1575
1795 *
2005 *
2200 *
755
1020
1240
1440
1625
1795 *
1945 *
570
830
1045
1230
1395
1535
1655 *
730
995
1255
1500
1720 *
1935 *
2135 *
710
970
1185
1380
1555
1710 *
1850 *

1215

1120

1040

1700
1935
2135
2325
2510
750
1235
1465
1670
1870
2060
695

*
*
*

*
*
*

1570
1790
2000
2185
2360
695
1140
1365
1565
1755
1935
640

*
*
*

*
*
*

1455
1665
1875
2055
2225
645
1060
1270
1470
1650
1820
595

8.0
*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

1360
1555
1750
1945
2105
600

990
1190
1385
1555
1720
555

*
*

945
1130
1285
1435
1575
415

*
*
*
*

1155
1350
1530 *
1690 *
1840 *
520

1085
1265
1440
1600
1745
480

975
1155
1315
1455 *
1580 *
670

915
1090
1245 *
1385 *
1510 *
620

860
1030
1180 *
1320 *
1440 *
575

805
975
1120
1255
1380
535

1155
1395
1605 *
1805 *
1995 *
650

1065
1290
1500
1690
1875
600

990
1200
1410
1590
1765
555

925
1120
1320
1500
1665
520

1105
1295
1465 *
1615 *
1755 *

1035
1215
1380 *
1530 *
1670 *

*
*
*

*
*

*
*

1010
1195
1360
1515
1655
445

975
1145
1305
1455
1590

K1

965 *

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*

910
1085
1240
1380
1515

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

0.357
0.244
0.186
0.150
0.126
0.108
0.095
0.535
0.317
0.225
0.174
0.142
0.120
0.104
0.642
0.351
0.242
0.184
0.149
0.125
0.108
0.803
0.394
0.261
0.195
0.156
0.130
0.111
0.713
0.404
0.282
0.216
0.175
0.148
0.127
0.802
0.431
0.294
0.224
0.180
0.151
0.130

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHAOEO VALUES 00 NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS ANO SHALL NOT BE USEO EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<!>

DECK
PROFILE
NR

lA
WR

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in4 1

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

0.128
0.139
0.198

3260
3465
4520

2575
2740
3570

2085
2220
2890

1725
1835
2390

1450
1540
2010

1235
1310
1710

1065
1130
1475

925
985
1285

815
865
1130

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [<)l (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

A6

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t = design thickness = 0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/4" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDElAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER SlOE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
30/6
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6
*

cp IEQI: 0.55
<\>

IWINDI: 0.70

cp IOtherl: 0.60

n IEQI: 3.00

n IWINDI: 2.35
n IOtherl: 2.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, fT

5.0
2120
2510
2845
3160
3460
3740
4000 *
1305
1710
2070
2410
2725
3025
3295
1205
1565
1880
2165
2420
2640
2835
915
1275
1575
1830
2045
2225
2375
1170
1575
1950
2295
2620
2925
3205
1135
1485
1790
2060
2295
2500
2675

6.0

5.5
1915
2285
2615
2915
3200 *
3470 *
3725 *
1180
1550
1900
2215
2515
2800
3065
1090
1440
1740
2010
2260
2480
2675
825
1175
1460
1710
1925
2105
2260
1055
1425
1790
2110
2415
2705
2975
1025
1365
1660
1920
2155
2355
2535

1745
2085
2420
2705 *
2975 *
3235 *
3480 *
1075
1415
1750
2050
2335
2605
2860 *
995
1330
1615
1875
2115
2330
2530
750
1090
1360
1600
1815
1995
2155
965
1300
1640
1950
2240
2515
2775 *
935
1265
1540
1795
2020
2225
2405

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

1600

1480

1370

1280

1195

1120

2230
2520
2780
3025
3265
990

*
*
*
*

2060
2350
2605
2840
3070
915

*
*
*
*
*

1915
2185
2450
2675
2895
850

*
*
*
*
*

1785
2040
2295
2525
2735
790

*
*
*
*

1675
1915
2150
2390
2595
740

*
*
*
*
*

1575
1800
2025
2250
2465
695

*
*
*
*
*

1220
1460 *
1700 *
1915 *
2120 *
685

1150
1375
1600
1815
2015
640

1240
1465
1675 *
1870 *
2050 *
550

1160
1390 *
1590 *
1775 *
1955 *
510

1095
1320 *
1510 *
1695 *
1865 *
480

1125
1340
1535
1715 *
1875 *
755

1055
1270
1460
1635 *
1790 *
705

990
1205
1390
1560
1715
660

930
1145
1325 *
1490 *
1645 *
620

1395
1685
1950 *
2200 *
2435 *
790

1300
1570
1830 *
2065 *
2295 *
735

1215
1470
1725
1950
2165
685

1140
1380 *
1620 *
1845 *
2050 *
640

1070
1300 *
1525 *
1750 *
1950 *
600

1350
1580
1795
1990
2170

1270
1490
1700 *
1890 *
2065 *

1190
1410
1610 *
1800 *
1970 *

1120
1335 *
1530 *
1710 *
1880 *

1055
1270 *
1460 *
1635 *
1800 *

1615
1905
2175
2430 *
2675 *
915

1495
1780
2035 *
2280 *
2515 *
845

1390
1660
1910 *
2145 *
2370 *
785

1300
1555
1800
2025
2240
730

1505
1755
1985
2200
2395 *
690

1410
1650
1870
2080 *
2270 *
635

1325
1555
1770 *
1970 *
2155 *
590

1270
1505
1710
1895
2055
885

1195
1415
1620
1800
1960
815

1510
1810
2085
2345 *
2595 *
855
1440
1680
1905
2105
2285

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*

K1
0.410
0.281
0.214
0.172
0.144
0.124
0.109
0.615
0.364
0.259
0.200
0.164
0.138
0.120
0.738
0.404
0.278
0.212
0.171
0.144
0.124
0.923
0.454
0.301
0.225
0.180
0.150
0.128
0.821
0.465
0.324
0.249
0.202
0.170
0.147
0.923
0.496
0.339
0.257
0.207
0.174
0.150

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

cp IBucklingl: o.ao
DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 /ft
0.181
0.196
0.284

n IBucklingl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, fT

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

3335
3545
4680

2760
2930
3865

2320
2460
3250

1975
2095
2770

1705
1805
2385

1485
1575
2080

1305
1385
1830

1155
1225
1620

1030
1095
1445

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 I U (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum 1$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,$ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 )

September 2004

AV7

1.5 lWR, IR, NR)

t = design thickness = 0.0598"


SUPPORT FASTENING: 3/4" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDELAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
3
36/9
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
2180
2600
2995
3350
3685
4005 *
4310 *
1345
1760
2170
2535
2885
3220
3535
1240
1650
2000
2320
2615
2885
3130
940
1350
1680
1980
2245
2470
2665
1200
1620
2040
2415
2770
3110
3430
1165
1565
1910
2220
2500
2755
2975

<j>
<1>

<j> lEQ): 0.55


lWIND): 0.70
fOther): 0.60

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
8.5
9.0
7.5
8.0
1410
1715
1600
1500

6.5
2005

7.0
1850

2775
3120
3440 *
3745 *
4040 *
1235

2565
2920
3220
3515
3800
1140

2005
2360
2690
3010
3310 *
1140

1860
2200
2515
2820 *
3110 *
1055

1730
2065
2365
2650 *
2930 *
980

1615
1930
2225 *
2500 *
2770 *
915

1520
1815
2105 *
2365 *
2620 *
855

1430
1710
1990
2245
2490
805

1865
2170
2460
2720
2960
860

1745
2040
2315
2570
2805 *
795

1640
1920
2185
2435 *
2665 *
740

1540
1815
2070
2310 *
2535 *
690

1445
1720
1965 *
2200 *
2415 *

1575
1860
2120
2345
2545
1105

1475
1755
2005
2230
2425
1020

1390
1655
1900
2120
2320
945

1875
2240
2580
2900
3210 *
1070

1735
2095
2410
2720
3010 *
990

1780
2080
2355
2600
2825

1670
1955
2220
2465
2685

*
*
*
*

2385
2720
3030
3310
3580
1060

2230
2545
2855
3125
3385
990

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

2090
2385
2680
2960
3210
930

*
*
*
*

1965
2245
2525
2800
3050
870

10.0
1255

9.5
1325
*
*
*
*

.Q fEQ): 3.00
.Q (WIND): 2.35
.Q lother): 2.65

2005
2255
2510
2760
780

*
*

*
*
*
*

1530
1780
2035
2260
715

*
*
*
*

1470
1700
1910
2115
535

*
*
*
*

2120
2385
2645
2905
825

*
*
*

1615
1880
2135
2370
760

645

1360
1630
1870 *
2095 *
2305 *
605

1550
1780
2000
2205
570

1310
1570
1805
2020
2215 *
885

1235
1490
1720
1930 *
2125 *
830

1160
1415
1640
1845 *
2035 *
780

1350
1565 *
1765 *
1955 *
735

1290
1500 *
1695 *
1875 *
695

1615
1950
2265
2555 *
2835 *
920

1510
1825
2130 *
2410 *
2680 *
855

1420
1715
2010 *
2280 *
2535 *
800

1335
1615
1895 *
2160 *
2410 *
755

1525
1790
2055
2290
710

*
*
*
*

1445
1695
1950
2185
670

*
*
*
*

1570
1845
2100
2340
2555 *

1480
1745
1995
2225 *
2435 *

1395
1655
1895 *
2120 *
2325 *

1310
1570
1805 *
2020 *
2225 *

1495
1720
1930
2130

*
*

1425
1645
1850
2040

*
*
*
*

.
*

*
*

*
*

*
*
*

K1
0.461
0.316
0.240
0.194
0.162
0.140
0.123
0.691
0.409
0.290
0.225
0.184
0.155
0.135
0.829
0.454
0.312
0.238
0.192
0.161
0.139
1.037
0.510
0.338
0.253
0.202
0.168
0.144
0.922
0.522
0.364
0.279
0.227
0.191
0.165
1.037
0.557
0.381
0.289
0.233
0.195
0.168

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>
DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

in4 I It
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3260
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2395
2545
2950
3360
3895

(8ULkling): 0.80

.Q

(BUCkling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
2085
1835
1625
1450
1300
2215
1945
1725
1540
1380
2925
2570
2280
2030
1825

10.0
1175
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength I .n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength
1.n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<!> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <!>(Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

s.

AVS

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t =design thickness =0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld - not recommended by SDI
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

<!>

<!> IEQI: 0.55


IWINDI: 0.70

<1>

IOtherl: 0.60

n IEQI: 3.00
IWINDI: 2.35
n IOtherl: 2.65
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

3.0
1775
2070
2330
2550
2740
2900
3040
1135
1480
1780
2035
2245
2425
2570
1005
1290
1510

3.5
1565
1840
2090
2310
2505
2675
2825
990
1300
1580
1830
2040
2225
2380
885 ~

4.0
1390
1650
1890
2105
2295
2470
2625
860
1160
1420
1655
1865
2045 ~~
24~

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

1235
1100
995
1495
1360
1230
1720
1575
1450
1925
1770 *
1635
2115 *
1955 *
1815
2 120 *
2285 *
1975
2440 *
2275 *
2130
760
680
6 15
1040
1285
~1J~~"0~~ 075
1505 ~ ~~8~ iJ 275
'}455
1;7j:O N 1-575

905
825
1120
*
1340 *
1230
*
1520 *
1420
*
1690 *
1580
*
1845 *
1730
*
1995 *
1875
515
560
775
915
995
1100
1180
*
1355 * - 1265
1420
(~520 ..
~1~36
*
1785 .,.
Hl *
1570
e
~670 *
565
515
475
~~31) '
~5
735
1 ~i0 ~t255.._~
......~tS:
915
850
, ..1-060..: ~ 980
~
1145
1075
"" 1'o05
~~2~?-
16~~
1215 ..
1470_.
180
1145
1 ~,295 ~
1895 ~
~ "'"15(}~ ~;26.4
1270
~'"ffigol_,
1970
95
1380
17-8_51~ [\.
d~10 ( 530 ,..
770
425
'686
390
355
~~ 1040
605
1225
775
725
r>
i) - 975
920
865
1-t1t_
11~~ IJ ' 122
1300
1100
1040
985
1510~
1445
1090
1255
1200
1145
1380 ' (
1230 *
1555
1500
1335
1280
1180
1!14$\
~90
1
680
1035
605
550
500
455
885\.~
1390
970
870
785
715
1700
1220
1020
111 0
935
860
1970
1590
1445
1325
1220
1130
1050
1~
1405 *
2190
1985
1810
1655
1520
1305 *
1220
2375
2175
1705 *
1475 *
1380
2000
1840
1580 *
1870 *
1740 *
1630 *
2530
2340
2165
2010
1530
940
740
825
590
485
445
660
530
1210
1085
985
895
755
700
820
1415
1185
1090
1010
870
1295
935
815
1560
1450
1350
1255
1170
1095
1025
965
1670
1575
1480
1390
1305
1230
1160
1095
1275 *
1750
1665
1210
1580
1500
1420
1345
1445 *
1375 *
1815
1740
1660
1585
1515
1315

7.0
760
*
*
*
*
*

.. l'\~50

~~~ '~~~

*
*
*
*

~~~~ ~i~o"~t~ ~~

~~: ~~J;
- ~~~

(']~~~

~~g

~~~-;.-

*
*
*

~~ r~~
~~~ I (R~6S' J~~' ~~~~
.~~ ~\~

~ ~~ ~\~'""

r~~~~

fi~!~

*
*

~~~

~~~ ~0

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

1135
1320
1480
1630
1770
475
845
1025
1185
1335
1480
435
800
945
1080
1205
1315
325

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

680
820
940 *
1040 *
1130 *
420
795
980
1140
1295
1440
410
765
910
1040
1150
1255

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

K1
0.324
0 .222
0.169
0 .136
0 .114
0.098
0.086
0.486
0.287
0 .204
0.158
0.129
0 .109
0.094
0.583
0 .319
0.219
0.167
0.135
0.113
0.098
0 .729
0.358
0.237
0.177
0.142
0.118
0.101
0.647
0.366
0.256
0.196
0 .159
0.134
0.116
0.728
0.391
0.267
0 .203
0.164
0.137
0.118

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING . SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AN D SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 /H
0 .099
0 .108
0 .152

n IBucklingl: 2.00

IBucklingl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

4130
4410
5700

3035
3240
4185

2325
2480
3205

1835
1960
2535

1485
1590
2050

1230
1310
1695

1035
1100
1425

880
940
1215

760
810
1045

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum (Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND ), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum ($ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, $ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV9

1.5 (WR, IR, NR>

t =design thickness =0.0358"


SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDE LAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER SIDE-lAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

(EO>: 0.55
<!> (WIND): 0.70
<P (Other>: 0.60
<!>

(EQl: 3.00
Q (WIND>: 2.35
Q (Other>: 2.65
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PlF


SPAN, FT

4.0
1670
1985
2270
2525
2760
2965
3150
1035
1390
1705
1985
2235
2460
2650
945
1250
1505
1715
1890
2030
2140
725
1020
1250
1425
1560
1660
1735
930
1300
1620
1910
2170
2400
2600
885
1180
1425
1620
1775
1895
1995

4.5
1490
1795
2065
2310
2540
2745
2930
915
1250
1540
1810
2050
2270
2465
845
1135
1380
1590
1765
1915
2035
640
930
1155
1335
1475
1585
1670
820
1165
1465
1735
1985
2210
2410
795
1075
1310
1505
1665
1800
1905

5.5

5.0
1330
1635
1890
2125
2345
2550
2735
820
1135
1405
1660
1890
2100
2295
760
1035
1270
1480
1655
1805
1930
575
850
1070
1250
1395
1510
1600
735
1045
1335
1590
1830
2045
2245
710
985
1210
1405
1570
1705
1815

*
*

1200
1485
1740
1965
2175 *
2375 *
2555 *
740
1025
1290
1530
1750
1955
2145 *
685
955
1180
1380
1550
1705
1835
515
785
995
1175
1320
1440
1535
665
950
1220
1465
1690
1900
2090 *
645
905
1125
1315
1475
1615
1730

6.0
1095
1355
1610
1825 *
2030 *
2220 *
2395 *
675
935
1190
1415
1625
1825 *
2005 *
625
885
1095
1290
1460
1610
1745 *
470
730
930
1105
1250
1375
1475
605
865
1125
1355
1570
1770 *
1955 *
585
840
1050
1230
1395
1530
1650

6.5

7.0
925

1005
1485
1705
1895
2080
2255
620
1100
1320
1520
1710
1885
575

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*

1370
1595
1780
1955
2125
575
1020
1235
1425
1605
1775
530

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

7.5

8.0

K1

855

800

0.357
0.244
0.186
0.150
0.126
0.108
0.095
0.535
0.317
0.225
0.174
0.142
0.120
0.104
0.642
0.351
0.242
0.184
0.149
0.125
0.108
0.803
0.394
0.261
0.195
0.156
0.130
0.111
0.713
0.404
0.282
0.216
0.175
0.148
0.127
0.802
0.431
0.294
0.224
0.180
0.151
0.130

1275
1485
1675
1845
2005
530
950
1155
1340
1510
1675
490

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

1190
1385
1580
1745
1900
495
885
1085
1265
1430
1585
455

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

1025
1210
1375
1525 *
1660 *
430

960
1135
1300
1445
1580
395

870
1040
1185
1310
1415
555

820
985
1125
1250 *
1355 *
510

770
930
1070 *
1195 *
1300 *
475

730
885
1020
1145
1250
440

1035
1260
1465 *
1655 *
1835 *
535

960
1180
1370 *
1555 *
1730 *
495

890
1100 *
1290 *
1465 *
1630 *
460

835
1030 *
1215 *
1385 *
1545 *
425

980
1160
1315
1455 *
1575 *

920
1090
1245 *
1385 *
1505 *

865
1030
1180 *
1320 *
1440 *

820
975 *
1125 *
1255 *
1375 *

*
*
*

900
1075
1230
1375
1505
365

*
*
*
*

850
1015
1165
1310
1435
340

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERlY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<!>

DECK
PROFilE
NR
IR
WR

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAl SHEAR DUE TO PANEl BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

I
in 4 I ft

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

0.128
0.139
0.198

3260
3465
4520

2575
2740
3570

2085
2220
2890

1725
1835
2390

1450
1540
2010

1235
1310
1710

1065
1130
1475

925
985
1285

815
865
1130

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling))
lRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [<!l (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV10

September 2004

1.5 (WR, IR, NRJ


t = design thickness

=0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

5.0
1745
2125
2450
2760
3045
3305
3550
1075
1475
1825
2150
2455
2730
2980
990
1345
1650
1920
2145
2340
2510
750
1105
1390
1620
1810
1960
2080
960
1365
1730
2065
2370
2655
2910
930
1280
1570
1825
2035
2210
2360

5.5
1575
1945
2260
2550
2825
3080
3320 *
970
1340
1675
1985
2270
2535
2780
895
1240
1530
1790
2015
2210
2380
680
1020
1290
1520
1710
1870
1995
870
1240
1585
1900
2195
2465
2715
840
1180
1460
1705
1915
2095
2250

6.0
1435
1775
2090
2370
2630
2880 *
3110 *
885
1225
1550
1840
2110
2365
2605
820
1145
1420
1670
1895
2090
2265
620
945
1205
1430
1620
1780
1915
790
1130
1465
1760
2035
2300
2540
765
1090
1360
1600
1810
1990
2145

<1>

(WIND): 0.70

<1>

(Other): 0.60

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
1130
1050
1315
1215
1945
2210
2460
2700
2925
815
1435
1710
1970
2215
2445
750

*
*
*

1795
2070
2310
2540
2755
750
1330
1600
1845
2080
2305
695

*
*
*
*

*
*

9.0
925

1460 *
1700 *
1940 *
2145 *
2340 *
610

1375
1600
1825
2040
2230
575

1090
1325 *
1550 *
1755 *
1955 *
560

1025
1250
1470
1670
1860
530

1105
1315
1515 *
1695 *
1865 *
450

1040
1250
1440 *
1620 *
1780 *
420

980
1190 *
1370 *
1545 *
1705 *
395

895
1090
1265
1420
1560
545

845
1040
1210 *
1360 *
1500 *
510

1560
1815
2055
2265
2465
650

1240
1500
1735
1960
2175
645

1160
1415
1640
1855
2060
600

*
*

n (EQ): 5.00
n (WIND): 2.55
n (Other): 2.65

8.5
985

1670
1940 *
2175 *
2395 *
2605 *
700

(EQ): 0.55

<J>

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

1330
1570
1785
1980
2150
565

1245
1475
1685
1880
2050 *
520

1170
1390
1595
1785
1955
485

1130
1350
1540
1700
1835
725

1060
1275
1460
1625
1760
670

1000
1210
1390
1550
1690
625

945
1145
1325
1485
1625
580

1350
1635
1900
2150
2385
705

1250
1530
1780
2020 *
2245 *
650

1165
1435
1675
1900 *
2120 *
605

1090
1345
1575 *
1795 *
2005 *
560

1020
1260
1490 *
1700 *
1900 *
525

960
1190 *
1415 *
1615 *
1810 *
495

1195
1415
1615
1795
1955

1125
1340
1535
1710
1870

1060
1270
1460
1630 *
1785 *

1005
1205
1390 *
1555 *
1710 *

945
1145
1325 *
1490 *
1640 *

1270
1505
1710
1890
2045

*
*

*
*

*
*

K1
0.410
0.281
0.214
0.172
0.144
0.124
0.109
0.615
0.364
0.259
0.200
0.164
0.138
0.120
0.738
0.404
0.278
0.212
0.171
0.144
0.124
0.923
0.454
0.301
0.225
0.180
0.150
0.128
0.821
0.465
0.324
0.249
0.202
0.170
0.147
0.923
0.496
0.339
0.257
0.207
0.174
0.150

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
<J>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 I ft
0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3545
4680

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2760
2320
2930
2460
3865
3250

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
1975
1705
1485
1305
1155
1575
1805
1385
1225
2095
2770
2385
2080
1830
1620

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load} <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1 n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum !<!>(EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strenglh, $(Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV11

9.0
1030
1095
1445

1.5 IWR, IR, NRJ


t = design thickness = 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDELAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER SIOELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6
*

6.0
1785
2205
2585
2925
3250
3555
3840 *
1100
1520
1910
2270
2605
2920
3215
1015
1415
1755
2065
2340
2580
2795
770
1165
1490
1770
2005
2200
2365
985
1400
1810
2170
2515
2835
3135
955
1345
1680
1975
2230
2455
2645

Q (EQJ: 3.00
cp IEQJ: 0.55
cp (WINDJ: 0.70 Q (WIND>: 2.35
cp mtherl: 0.60 n (Other>: 2.65

6.5
1640

7.0
1515

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
8.5
9.0
7.5
8.0
1310
1230
1155
1405

2405
2730
3040
3330
3610
1010

2230
2555
2850
3135
3400
935

2075
2400
2685
2955
3215
870

*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

1820
2115
2400
2650
2890
760

1775
2110
2435
2735
3020
935

1650
1975
2280
2570
2845
865

1640
1935
2205
2445
2655
705

1535
1820
2080
2320
2530
650

1445
1720
1970
2200
2410
605

1395
1665
1900
2100
2265
905

1310
1575
1805
2005
2175
835

1235
1490
1715
1915
2085
775

1170
1415
1635
1830
2005
725

1110
1345
1560
1755
1925
680

1675
2020
2345
2655
2945
875

1550
1890
2195
2490
2770
810

1445
1770
2065
2345
2615
750

1350
1665
1945
2215
2475
700

1270
1565
1840
2100
2345
655

1570
1855
2110
2330
2525

1475
1750
1995
2215
2410

1540
1855
2145
2420
2685
800

1940
2255
2535
2795
3045
810

*
*

1440
1745
2025
2290
2545
750

*
*

1365
1625
1870
2095
2300
565

1385
1650
1895
2110
2305

1310
1565
1800
2015
2205

*
*

*
*

*
*

1350
1645
1915
2170
2415
700
1290
1540
1780
2000
2200
525

1240
1485
1715
1925
2115

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

1710
1990
2270
2520
2750
715
1270
1550
1815
2060
2295
660
1215
1465
1695
1905
2105
495
1050
1280
1490
1680
1850
635
1195
1475
1745
1995
2230
615
1175
1415
1635
1840
2025

10.0
1025

9.5
1085
*

1880
2145
2400
2625
675

*
*
*
*

1465
1725
1960
2190
620

*
*
*

1395
1615
1825
2020
465

*
*
*

1225
1430
1615
1785
600

*
*

1395
1655
1895
2125
580

*
*
*

1350
1560
1760
1945

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*

1780
2030
2280
2505
635
1390
1640
1870
2090
585
1335
1545
1745
1935
440
1170
1370
1550
1720
570
1320
1570
1810
2030
550
1290
1495
1690
1870

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*

K1
0.461
0.316
0.240
0.194
0.162
0.140
0.123
0.691
0.409
0.290
0.225
0.184
0.155
0.135
0.829
0.454
0.312
0.238
0.192
0.161
0.139
1.037
0.510
0.338
0.253
0.202
0.168
0.144
0.922
0.522
0.364
0.279
0.227
0.191
0.165
1.037
0.557
0.381
0.289
0.233
0.195
0.168

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

cp (BUCkling): 0.80
DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 I ft
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3260
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2395
2545
2950
3895
3360

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1835
1625
1450
2215
1945
1725
1540
2925
2570
2280
2030

Q IBUCklingJ: 2.00

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1825

10.0
1175
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <=Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn /12 (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum I <I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV12

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t design thickness 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

3.0
1775
1925
2065
2195
2315
2430
2535
1135
1310
1470
1625
1765
1895
2015
1005
1150
1280
1395
1495
1585
1660
770
910
1030
1135
1215
1290
1345
1035
1210
1380
1540
1685
1820
1945
940
1080
1205
1310
1405
1485
1550

3.5
1565
1700
1835
1960
2075
2190
2295
990
1145
1295
1435
1565
1690
1810
885
1020
1145
1260
1360
1450
1535
680
810
930
1030
1120
1195
1260
885
1055
1210
1355
1490
1620
1740
825
960
1080
1185
1280
1365
1440

<J>
<1>

4.0
1390
1520
1645
1765
1875
1985
2085
860
1015
1150
1280
1405
1525
1635
785
915
1035
1140
1240
1335
1415
600
730
840
940
1030
1105
1175
770
930
1075
1205
1335
1455
1570
740
860
975
1080
1175
1260
1335

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH,


SPAN, FT
4.5
5.0
5.5
1235
1100
995
1370
1230
1110
1485
1355
1225
1600
1460
1340
1440 *
1705
1560
1530 *
1810
1660
1755 * 1620 *
1910
760
680
615
730
900
805
845
1035
935
1155
1050
960
1270
1160
1065
1380
1265
1160
1490
1365
1255
700
630
565
825
755
680
940
790
860
1040
880
955
1140
1050
970
1135
1230
1055
1310
1215
1135
475
530
425
660
600
540
765
705
650
795
865
735
950
880
820
1030
960
895
1100
1030
965
680
605
550
735
665
820
960
860
780
985
895
1085
1205
1095
1005
1320
1205
1105
1430
1305
1200
660
590
530
780
710
645
890
815
750
910
840
990
1080
1000
925
1165
1080
1005
1240
1155
1080

<J> IEQI: 0.55


IWIND): 0.70
<Otherl: 0.60

6.5
825

7.0
760

IEQI: 3.00
IWINDI: 2.35
<Other): 2.65
Q

PLF
6.0
905
1010
1115
1220
1325
1420
1505
560
665
770
875
980
1075
1165
515
620
725
820
905
985
1060
390
495
600
685
765
840
905
500
605
710
815
920
1020
1115
485
590
695
780
865
940
1015

*
*
*
*

1020
1120
1215
1315
1405
515
710
805
905
1000
1085
475

*
*
*
*
*

945
1035
1125
1215
1305
475
655
745
835
925
1015
435

670
765
845
920
995
355

615
710
790
865
935
325

550
640
715
790
855
455

505
600
675
740
805
420

650
750
845
945
1035
445

605
695
785
875
965
410

640
730
805
880
950

590
680
755
830
895

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*

K1
0.324
0.272
0.234
0.206
0.183
0.165
0.151
0.486
0.377
0.308
0.261
0.226
0.199
0.178
0.583
0.433
0.345
0.286
0.245
0.214
0.190
0.729
0.509
0.391
0.318
0.267
0.231
0.203
0.647
0.491
0.395
0.331
0.284
0.249
0.222
0.728
0.536
0.424
0.350
0.299
0.260
0.231

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE

in4Jft

NR
IR
WR

0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5700

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
3035
2325
3240
2480
4185
3205

<Bucklingl: 0.80

n <Bucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
1485
1230
1035
1835
880
1310
1590
1100
940
1960
1695
1425
2535
2050
1215

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 In (Buckling)!
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 )

September 2004

AV13

7.0
760
810
1045

1.5 lWR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0358"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

<I>
<1>

<I> fEQ): 0.55


fWINDJ: 0.70
fOtherJ: 0.60

fEOJ: :S.OO
fWINDJ: 2.55
fOtherJ: 2.65

Q
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

1670
1825
1975
2120
2260
2390
2510
1035
1220
1385
1540
1695
1835
1970
945
1100
1245
1375
1495
1605
1705
725
875
1015
1135
1240
1335
1415
930
1120
1290
1455
1610
1755
1895
885
1035
1175
1300
1415
1520
1610

1490
1650
1790
1925
2055
2180
2300
915
1090
1245
1390
1530
1665
1795
845
995
1130
1255
1370
1480
1580
640
795
925
1040
1145
1240
1325
820
990
1160
1310
1455
1590
1725
795
940
1070
1190
1305
1405
1495

1330
1485
1630
1760
1880
2000
2115
820
975
1130
1265
1395
1525
1645
760
905
1030
1150
1265
1370
1465
575
725
845
960
1060
1155
1240
735
885
1040
1190
1325
1450
1575
710
855
980
1095
1205
1305
1395

1200
1340
1480
1615
1730
1845
1955
740
880
1020
1160
1280
1400
1515

1095
1220
1350
1480
1605
1710 *
1815 *
675
805
930
1060
1185
1295
1405
625
750
880
985
1090
1185
1280
470
600
725
825
925
1010
1095
605
730
860
990
1115
1235
1345
585
715
835
940
1040
1135
1220

1005

925

855

800

1240
1360
1475 *
1595 *
1690.
620

1145
1255 *
1365 *
1475 *
1585 *
575

1060
1165
1265
1370
1470
530

*
*
*
*
*

990 *
1085 *
1180 *
1280 *
1375.
495

855
975
1095
1205
1305
575

795
900
1010
1120
1220 *
530

735
840
940
1045
1145.
490

690
785
880
975.
1070 *
455

810
920
1015
1110
1200

750
860
950
1040
1130

695
800
895
980
1065.
365

650
745
840
925
1005 *
340

685

825
950
1065
1170
1270
1365
515
655
780
890
990
1080
1165
665
805
940
1080
1215
1335
1450
645
780
905
1015
1115
1215
1305

430

I~

~~a95

665
770
865
950
1030
555

615
725
810
895
975
510

570
675
765
845
920
475

535
630
725
800
875
440

790
910
1025
1145
1250
535

730
840
950
1060
1165
495

680
780
885
985
1090.
460

635
730
825
920
1020 *
425

775
880
975
1065
1150

715
820
915
1000
1080

665
765
860
945
1020

620
715
810
890
970 *

K1
0.357
0.299
0.258
0.226
0.202
0.182
0.166
0.535
0.415
0.340
0.287
0.249
0.219
0.196
0.642
0.477
0.380
0.315
0.270
0.236
0.209
0.803
0.561
0.431
0.350
0.294
0.254
0.224
0.713
0.541
0.435
0.364
0.313
0.275
0.245
0.802
0.590
0.467
0.386
0.329
0.287
0.254

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<I>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 /H
0.128
0.139
0.198

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

3260
3465
4520

2575
2740
3570

2085
2220
2890

1725
1835
2390

1450
1540
2010

1235
1310
1710

1065
1130
1475

925
985
1285

815
865
1130

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum 1$ (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, $ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV14

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NR)


t design thickness 0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDE-lAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

5.0
1745
1945
2125
2290
2455
2610
2760
1075
1275
1475
1655
1825
1990
2155
990
1180
1345
1505
1650
1790
1920
750
945
1105
1255
1390
1510
1620
960
1165
1365
1555
1730
1900
2065
930
1115
1280
1430
1575
1705
1825

5.5
1575
1760
1945
2105
2260
2410
2550
970
1155
1340
1515
1675
1835
1985
895
1080
1240
1390
1530
1665
1790
680
865
1020
1160
1295
1415
1525
870
1055
1240
1425
1585
1745
1900
840
1025
1180
1325
1460
1585
1705

<1>
<1>

6.0
1435
1605
1775
1945
2095
2235
2370
885
1055
1225
1395
1550
1695
1840
820
985
1145
1290
1425
1550
1675
620
790
945
1080
1205
1325
1435
790
960
1130
1300
1465
1615
1760
765
935
1090
1230
1360
1485
1600

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PlF


SPAN, FT
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
1315
1215
1130
1050

1125
1285
1440
1575
1710
750

1040
1190
1335
1475
1600
695

970
1105
1240
1375
1505
645

905
1035
1160
1285
1415
600

850
970
1090
1210
1330
560

1065
1200
1330
1450
1570
565

985
1125
1245
1365
1475
520

915
1050
1170
1285
1395
485

855
980
1105
1215
1320
450

800
920
1040
1150
1250
420

755
865
980
1090
1190
395

880
1010
1130
1245
1350
725

815
945
1065
1175
1275
670

755
890
1000
1110
1210
625

705
830
945
1050
1145
580

660
780
900
995
1090
545

620
735
845
950
1040
510

1040
1195
1355
1500
1640
705

960
1105
1250
1400
1530
650

895
1030
1165
1300
1435
605

835
960
1090
1215
1345
560

785
905
1020
1140
1260
525

735
850
965
1075
1190
495

1015
1145
1270
1390
1505

940
1075
1195
1310
1415

875
1010
1125
1235
1340

815
945
1060
1165
1270

765
885
1005
1105
1205

720
835
945
1050
1145

*
*
*

1220
1340
1460
1580
1700
610

9.0
925

1505
1650
1795
1945
2070
750

*
*

1305
1435
1560
1685
1815
650

8.5
985

Q IEQ): 3.00
Q !WIND): 2.35
Q !Other>: 2.65

1630
1785
1945
2080
2210
815

1400
1535
1670
1805
1940
700

<1> IEQ): 0.55


IWIND): 0.70
!Other>: 0.60

*
*
*
*

1150
1260
1375
1490
1600
575
800
910
1025
1140
1250
530

*
*
*
*

K1
0.410
0.344
0.297
0.261
0.232
0.210
0.191
0.615
0.478
0.391
0.330
0.286
0.253
0.226
0.738
0.549
0.437
0.363
0.310
0.271
0.241
0.923
0.645
0.496
0.403
0.339
0.293
0.257
0.821
0.622
0.501
0.419
0.360
0.316
0.281
0.923
0.679
0.537
0.444
0.379
0.330
0.293

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFilE

in 4 I H

NR
IR
WR

0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3545
4680

NOMINAl SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2760
2320
2930
2460
3865
3250

(Buckling): o.ao Q !Buckling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEl BUCKliNG (Sn). PlF I SPAN, FT


7.0
7.5
8.0
6.5
8.5
1975
1705
1485
1305
1155
1805
1575
1385
1225
2095
2770
2385
2080
1830
1620

NOTE:
ASD Required Strenglh (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Slrength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [<jl (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV15

9.0
1030
1095
1445

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t = design thickness = 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
1785
2000
2215
2420
2600
2775
2950
1100
1315
1530
1735
1930
2115
2295
1015
1230
1425
1600
1770
1930
2085
770
985
1175
1345
1505
1650
1785
985
1200
1410
1625
1825
2015
2195
955
1170
1355
1530
1695
1850
1995

<)>
<1>

<!> IEQI: 0.55


IWINDI: 0.70
IOtherl: 0.60

!2 IEQI: 3.00
!2 IWINDI: 2.35

.n IOtherl: 2.65

6.5
1640

7.0
1515

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
1405
1310
1230
1155

2035
2235
2420
2585
2750
1010

1880
2065
2250
2420
2575
935

1750
1920
2090
2260
2420
870

1405
1605
1790
1965
2135
935

1300
1485
1670
1835
1995
865

1210
1380
1555
1720
1875
800

1130
1290
1455
1615
1765
750

1060
1215
1365
1515
1665
700

1000
1140
1285
1430
1570
660

1080
1215
1350
1485
620

1020
1150
1280
1410
585

1325
1490
1655
1810
1955
705

1230
1395
1550
1700
1840
650

1145
1310
1460
1600
1735
605

1070
1230
1375
1510
1645
565

1005
1155
1305
1435
1560
525

945
1085
1230
1360
1480
495"

1025
1160
1295
1410
465

970
1100
1230
1350
440

1095
1255
1410
1550
1685
905

1020
1180
1325
1460
1590
835

945
1110
1250
1380
1510
775

885
1045
1180
1310
1430
725

830
980
1120
1245
1360
680

780
920
1065
1185
1295
635

870
1005
1130
1240
600

825
955
1075
1185
570

1300
1495
1695
1870
2045
875

1200
1385
1570
1745
1910
810

1120
1290
1460
1630
1790
750

1045
1205
1365
1525
1685
700

980
1130
1280
1435
1585
655

920
1065
1210
1350
1495
615

1005
1140
1275
1410
580

955
1080
1210
1340
550

1260
1425
1585
1735
1875

1175
1335
1485
1630
1765

1095
1255
1400
1540
1670

1020
1185
1320
1455
1580

960
1110
1250
1380
1500

900
1045
1190
1310
1430

985
1120
1250
1365

935
1065
1190
1305

1630
1795
1955
2115
2275
810

*
*

1530
1680
1830
1985
2135
760

*
*

9.5
1085

1440
1580
1725
1865
2010
715

*
*
*

1490
1625
1760
1895
675

10.0
1025
*
*
*
*

1410
1540
1670
1795
635

*
*
*
*

K1
0.461
0.387
0.333
0.293
0.261
0.235
0.214
0.691
0.537
0.439
0.371
0.322
0.284
0.254
0.829
0.617
0.491
0.408
0.349
0.304
0.270
1.037
0.725
0.557
0.452
0.381
0.329
0.289
0.922
0.699
0.562
0.471
0.405
0.355
0.316
1.037
0.763
0.603
0.499
0.425
0.371
0.329

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKliNG. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES 00 NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 I ft
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3260
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2395
2950
2545
3895
3360

IButklingl: 0.80 Q IBucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1835
1625
1450
2215
1945
1725
1540
2925
2570
2280
2030

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1825

10.0
1175
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASO Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WINO), Nominal Buckling Strength
1u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<!J (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <iJ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

s.

AV16

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

3.0
1040
1185
1315
1425
1530
1615
1695
665
835
985
1115
1230
1330
1415
590
730
840
930
1005
1060
1105
450
585
685
755
810
850
880
605
780
935
1075
1195
1300
1385
550
685
790
870
935
985
1025

3.5
915
1050
1175
1285
1390
1480
1560
575
730
870
1000
1110
1210
1300
515
650
760
855
930
995
1045
395
525
625
705
765
810
845
515
680
825
955
1075
1180
1270
485
610
720
805
875
930
975

4.0
815
940
1060
1165
1265
1360
1440
500
650
780
900
1010
1105
1195
460
585
690
785
865
930
985
350
475
575
655
715
765
805
450
605
735
860
975
1075
1165
430
550
655
740
815
875
920

<I>
<1>

<I> IEQ): 0.65


!WIND): 0.70
!Other): 0.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
645
720
580
530
770
850
695
635
810
740
960
880
1065
975
900
835
1160
1070
920
990
1250
1155
1075
1000
1335
1240
1155
1080
445
395
325
360
430
525
475
585
540
705
640
585
745
815
685
635
845
780
725
920
1015
805
935
865
1105
1020
950
885
410
365
330
300
485
445
405
530
540
635
580
500
725
670
625
580
805
750
700
655
870
720
815
770
930
875
830
785
310
275
250
225
430
395
365
330
525
485
450
420
605
565
530
495
675
630
595
560
620
725
690
650
700
770
735
665
395
355
290
320
540
480
435
395
665
605
550
505
780
710
655
605
810
750
695
885
985
905
840
780
1075
995
925
860
345
385
310
280
460
420
500
390
515
475
600
555
640
685
595
555
625
760
710
665
775
730
690
820
745
875
830
785

IEQ): 2.50
!WIND): 2.35
n !Other): 2.50
Q

6.5
485

7.0
445

680
775
860
935
1010
300

625
715
805
880
950
275

495
590
675
755
830
275

455
550
630
705
780
255

465
545
615
680
740
205

435
510
580
645
705
190

395
465
530
585
635
265

370
440
500
560
610
245

460
560
645
725
805
260

425
520
605
680
755
240

445
520
590
650
705

415
490
555
615
670

*
*

K1
0.366
0.301
0.255
0.222
0.196
0.176
0.159
0.549
0.414
0.333
0.278
0.239
0.209
0.186
0.659
0.474
0.370
0.304
0.257
0.223
0.197
0.824
0.554
0.417
0.334
0.279
0.240
0.210
0.732
0.538
0.425
0.351
0.299
0.261
0.231
0.823
0.585
0.454
0.371
0.314
0.272
0.240

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE liMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES 00 NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SlOE-lAP CONNECTIONS AND SHAll NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SlOE-lAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 I H
0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5695

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
3035
2320
3240
2480
4185
3205

!Buckling): 0.80

n !Buckling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
1225
1835
1485
1030
880
1310
1100
1960
1585
935
1695
1420
2530
2050
1210

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strengths. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [<jl (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, (j) (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV17

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 fWR, IR, NRl


t = design thickness = 0.0558"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2

36/5

3
4
5
6
0
1
2

36/4

30/6

30/4

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<j>
<1>

<j> (EQl: 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
fOther>: 0.65

(EQ): 2.50
(WIND>: 2.35
n (other>: 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

985
1140
1285
1415
1540
1650
1750
610
790
945
1090
1225
1340
1450
560
710
840
955
1050
1130
1195
430
575
695
790
870
930
980
550
735
895
1045
1180
1305
1415
525
670
795
900
990
1060
1120

880
1030
1165
1290
1410
1520
1620
540
710
855
990
1115
1230
1340
500
645
770
880
975
1060
1130
380
525
640
735
815
880
935
485
655
805
945
1075
1195
1305
470
610
730
835
925
1000
1060

785
940
1065
1185
1300
1405
1505
485
640
775
905
1025
1135
1240
450
585
705
815
910
990
1065
340
480
590
685
765
835
890
435
585
735
865
985
1100
1205
420
555
670
775
865
940
1005

710
850
980
1095
1200
1305
1400
440
580
715
830
945
1055
1155
405
540
655
755
850
930
1005

645
775
900
1015
1120
1215
1310
400
525
655
770
875
980
1075
370
495
605
705
795
875
950
280
405
510
600
680
750
810
355
485
615
735
840
945
1045
345
475
580
675
760
835
905

590

545

505

470

830
945
1045
1135
1225
365

765
875
980
1065
1155
340

710
815
915
1005
1090.
315

665
760
855
950.
1030.
295

605
715
820
915
1005
340

560
670
765
855
945
310

520
620
720
805
890
290

485
580
675
760
840
270

565
660
745
825
900
;.255

530
620
705
780
855
.. 235

495
585
665
740
810
215

460
550
630
705
770
200

475
565
645
710
770
325

450
535
610
675
735
300

420
505
580
645
705
280

395
475
550
615
675
260

565
680
785
885
975
315

520
630
735
825
915
290

485
585
690
780
865
270

455
550
645
735
815
250

540
630
715
790
860

505
595
675
750
815

475
560
640
710
775

445
530
605
675
740

305

440
550
640
720
790
850
390
530
670
795
910
1020
1120
380
510
620
720
810
885
955

K1
0.403
0.331
0.281
0.244
0.216
0.193
0.175
0.605
0.456
0.366
0.306
0.263
0.230
0.205
0.725
0.522
0.408
0.334
0.283
0.246
0.217
0.907
0.610
0.459
0.368
0.307
0.264
0.231
0.806
0.592
0.468
0.387
0.330
0.287
0.255
0.907
0.645
0.500
0.409
0.346
0.299
0.264

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 /H
0.128
0.139
0.198

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn I Q (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum 1$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, $ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 J

AV18

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRl


t =design thickness =0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

5.0
1050
1245
1410
1570
1720
1860
1990
645
850
1030
1200
1355
1505
1640
595
775
935
1075
1205
1315
1410
455
635
780
910
1015
1105
1180
580
780
970
1145
1305
1455
1595
560
735
890
1025
1140
1245
1330

5.5
950
1135
1300
1450
1590
1725
1855
585
770
945
1100
1250
1395
1525
540
715
865
1000
1125
1235
1330
410
585
725
850
955
1045
1125
525
710
890
1050
1205
1345
1485
505
680
825
955
1070
1170
1260

6.0
865
1035
1200
1345
1480
1610
1730
535
705
870
1020
1160
1295
1425
495
660
800
935
1050
1160
1260
370
540
675
795
900
995
1070
475
645
815
970
1115
1250
1380
460
630
765
890
1005
1105
1195

<)>
<)>

<)> IEQl: 0.65


IWINDl: 0.70
!Otherl: 0.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
795
730
680
635

n IEOl: 2.50
0 IWINDl: 2.35

n !Otherl: 2.50

8.5
590

9.0
555

1105
1250
1380
1505
1625
490

1025
1170
1295
1415
1525
455

950
1085
1215
1330
1440
420

885
1015
1140
1255
1360
390

830
950
1070
1190
1290
365

780
895
1010
1120
1230
345

805
950
1080
1210
1335
450

745
885
1015
1135
1250
420

690
825
950
1070
1180
390

645
775
895
1010
1115
360

605
725
845
955
1055
340

570
685
795
905
1005
320

750
875
990
1095
1190
340

700
820
930
1035
1130
315

660
770
880
980
1075
290

615
730
835
930
1020
270

580
690
790
885
975
255

545
655
750
845
930
240

630
750
850
945
1025
440

595
705
805
895
975
405

560
665
765
855
935
375

525
630
725
815
890
350

495
600
690
775
855
325

465
570
660
745
820
305

750
900
1040
1170
1295
425

695
840
970
1095
1215
390

645
780
910
1030
1145
365

605
730
860
970
1080
340

565
685
805
920
1025
315

535
645
760
870
970
300

715
835
945
1045
1135

670
785
895
990
1080

630
740
845
940
1030

595
700
800
895
980

555
665
760
855
935

525
630
725
815
895

K1
0.464
0.381
0.324
0.281
0.248
0.223
0.202
0.696
0.525
0.422
0.352
0.303
0.265
0.236
0.835
0.601
0.469
0.385
0.326
0.283
0.250
1.044
0.702
0.529
0.424
0.354
0.304
0.266
0.928
0.682
0.539
0.445
0.380
0.331
0.293
1.044
0.742
0.576
0.470
0.398
0.344
0.304

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
lA
WR

I
in4 I ft
0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3540
4675

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2755
2315
2460
2925
3865
3245

!Bucklingl: o.so

n !Bucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
8.0
6.5
7.0
8.5
1970
1700
1480
1300
1155
1805
1570
1380
1225
2095
2075
1825
1615
2765
2385

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <=Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1!l (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths. 1 n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<)I (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <)l (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV-19

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 fWR, IR, NRI


t = design thickness = 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 lEKS screws
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-lAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

4> fEOI: 0.65


4> fWINDI: 0.70
<P <Otherl: 0.65

fEOI: 2.50
(WINDI: 2.35
<Otherl: 2.50
Q

Q
Q

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

6.0
1100
1315
1515
1695
1865
2030
2185
675
890
1100
1285
1465
1635
1795
625
835
1010
1175
1330
1465
1585
475
680
855
1005
1140
1255
1350
605
820
1035
1225
1405
1580
1745
585
790
965
1125
1270
1395
1510

6.5
1010

7.0
935

7.5
865

8.0
805

8.5
755

9.0
710

9.5
670

10.0
630

1405
1580
1745
1900
2050
620

1300
1480
1635
1785
1925
575

1210
1380
1535
1680
1815
535

1130
1290
1450
1585
1720
500

1060
1210
1360
1500
1630
470

995
1140
1280
1425
1550
440

1075
1210
1345
1475
415

1015
1145
1275
1400
390

1015
1195
1365
1530
1680
575

940
1115
1280
1430
1580
530

875
1050
1200
1345
1490
495

820
980
1130
1270
1405
460

770
920
1070
1205
1335
430

725
870
1010
1140
1265
405

820
955
1085
1205
380

775
905
1035
1150
360

945
1100
1245
1380
1505
435

885
1035
1175
1305
1425
400

830
975
1110
1235
1355
370

780
920
1050
1175
1290
345

735
870
1000
1115
1230
... 325 .

690
830
950
1065
1170
305

790
905
1015
1120
285

745
865
970
1075
270

795
945
1075
1190
1290
555

750
890
1015
1130
1230
515

705
840
965
1075
1175
480

665
795
915
1025
1125
445

625
755
875
980
1080
415

590
720
830
935
1035
390

685
795
900
990
370

655
760
860
955
350

950
1140
1310
1475
1630
540

880
1060
1225
1380
1530
500

820
990
1150
1300
1440
465

765
925
1085
1225
1360
430

720
870
1020
1160
1290
405

675
820
965
1100
1225
380

775
910
1045
1165
360

735
865
990
1110
340

905
1055
1195
1320
1435

845
995
1130
1250
1365

795
935
1065
1185
1300

750
885
1010
1130
1240

705
840
960
1075
1180

665
800
915
1025
1130

760
875
980
1080

725
835
940
1040

K1
0.521
0.428
0.363
0.316
0.279
0.250
0.227
0.782
0.590
0.474
0.396
0.340
0.298
0.265
0.938
0.675
0.527
0.432
0.366
0.318
0.281
1.173
0.788
0.594
0.476
0.397
0.341
0.299
1.042
0.766
0.605
0.500
0.426
0.371
0.329
1.172
0.834
0.647
0.528
0.447
0.387
0.341

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<I>

DECK
PROFilE
NR
IR
WR

NOMINAl SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in 4 I ft

0.226
0.245
0.355

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

6.0
3255
3460
4570

6.5
2775
2950
3895

7.0
2390
2540
3355

7.5
2085
2215
2925

8.0
1830
1945
2570

8.5
1620
1725
2275

9.0
1445
1535
2030

9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength
1 n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum !<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

s.

AV20

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRJ


t = design thickness = 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-12
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<1>
<1>

<1> IEOJ: 0.65


IWINDJ: 0.70
IOtherl: 0.65

Q IEOJ: 2.50
Q

IWINDJ: 2.55

n IOtherl: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

3.0
1515
1665
1800
1925
2045
2150
2245
970
1140
1300
1450
1580
1705
1815
860
1005
1130
1235
1330
1410
1475
655
795
910
1005
1080
1140
1190
880
1060
1225
1380
1520
1645
1760
800
940
1060
1160
1245
1315
1375

3.5
1335
1470
1600
1725
1840
1945
2045
845
1000
1145
1285
1410
1530
1640
755
890
1010
1120
1215
1300
1370
580
710
825
920
1000
1065
1120
755
925
1075
1215
1350
1475
1585
705
840
955
1055
1145
1220
1285

4.0
1185
1315
1440
1555
1665
1770
1865
735
885
1020
1150
1270
1380
1490
670
800
915
1020
1115
1200
1275
515
640
750
845
925
995
1055
655
815
955
1085
1210
1325
1435
630
755
865
965
1055
1130
1200

4.5
1050
1190
1300
1410
1515
1615
1710
650
790
920
1035
1150
1255
1360
600
720
830
930
1025
1110
1185
455
580
685
775
860
930
990
580
720
860
980
1095
1205
1310
560
680
790
885
970
1050
1120

5.0
940
1065
1190
1290
1390
1485
1575
580
705
835
945
1050
1150
1250
535
660
760
855
945
1030
1105
405
530
630
720
800
870
935
520
645
770
890
1000
1100
1200
500
625
725
815
900
980
1050

5.5
845
965
1080
1190
1280
1375
1460 *
525
640
755
865
965
1060
1150
485
600
700
790
880
960
1030
365
480
580
665
745
815
880
470
585
700
815
915
1015
1110
455
570
665
755
840
915
985

6.0
770
875
980
1085
1190 *
1275 *
1360 *
475
585
690
795
890
980
1070
440
545
650
735
820
895
970
330
435
540
620
695
765
830
425
530
635
740
845
940
1025
410
520
620
705
780
855
925

6.5
705

7.0
650

900
1000
1095
1190
1270
440

830
920
1010
1105
1190
405

*
*
*

630
730
825
915
995
405

585
675
765
855
935
370

600
685
765
840
910
300

555
645
720
790
855
280

495
580
655
720
785
390

460
545
615
680
740
360

585
680
780
875
955
380

540
630
720
810
895
350

575
655
735
805
870

530
615
690
755
820

K1

*
*
*
*

0.704
0.497
0.384
0.313
0.264
0.228
0.201
1.056
0.650
0.469
0.367
0.302
0.256
0.222
1.266
0.724
0.507
0.390
0.317
0.267
0.230
1.584
0.817
0.551
0.415
0.333
0.278
0.239
1.407
0.831
0.589
0.456
0.373
0.315
0.272
1.583
0.889
0.618
0.474
0.384
0.323
0.278

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SlOE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
lA
WR

I
in 4 I H
0.099
0.108
0.152

n IBucklingJ: 2.00

IBucklingJ: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

3.0
4130
4410
5695

3.5
3035
3240
4185

4.0
2320
2480
3205

4.5
1835
1960
2530

5.0
1485
1585
2050

5.5
1225
1310
1695

6.0
1030
1100
1420

6.5
880
935
1210

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum [<!>(EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,<!> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 1

September 2004

AV21

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 fWR, IR, NRl


t = design thickness = 0.0358"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-12
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4

5
6

<)>
<)>

<)> lEOl: 0.65


lWINDl: 0.70
lOtherl: 0.65

lEOl: 2.50
lWINDl: 2.35
lOtherl: 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

K1

1390
1545
1690
1830
1965
2090
2205
860
1040
1205
1360
1505
1640
1765
785
940
1080
1205
1315
1420
1505
605
750
885
995
1095
1175
1245
770
960
1130
1285
1435
1575
1710
735
885
1020
1140
1245
1340
1420

1235
1395
1530
1665
1790
1910
2025
760
930
1085
1225
1365
1495
1615
705
850
980
1105
1215
1315
1405
535
680
810
920
1015
1100
1175
680
850
1015
1160
1300
1435
1560
660
800
930
1045
1150
1245
1325

1105
1260
1400
1520
1640
1755
1865
680
835
985
1120
1245
1370
1485
630
775
900
1015
1120
1220
1310
475
625
745
850
945
1030
1105
610
765
915
1055
1185
1310
1430
590
735
855
965
1070
1160
1245

1000
1140
1280
1400
1515
1625
1730
615
755
895
1025
1145
1260
1370
570
710
830
940
1040
1135
1225
430
570
685
790
885
970
1045
550
690
830
970
1090
1205
1320
535
675
790
895
995
1085
1165

910
1035
1165
1295
1405
1510
1610
560
690
820
945
1060
1170
1275
520
645
765
870
970
1065
1150
390
520
635
735
825
910
985
500
630
760
885
1005
1115
1225
485
615
730
835
930
1015
1100

835

770

710

660

1070
1190
1305
1405
1505.
515

990
1095
1205
1315.
1410.
475

915
1020
1120.
1225.
1325.
440

855
950.
1045.
1145.
1240.
410

750
870
985
1085
1185
475

695
805
915
1015
1110
440

645
750
850
955
1045
405

710
815
905
995
1080
355 .

660
760
850
940
1020
330

610
715
800
885
965
305

570
665
755
835
915
285

595
690
775
860
930
460

550
645
730
810
885
425

510
610
690
765
840
395

475
570
655
730
795
365

695
815
935
1040
1140
445

645
755
865
970
1065
410

600
700
805
905
1000
380

680
780
870
955
1035

630
730
815
900
980

585
685
770
850
925

0.775
0.547
0.423
0.345
0.291
0.251
0.221
1.163
0.716
0.517
0.404
0.332
0.282
0.245
1.395
0.797
0.558
0.429
0.349
0.294
0.254
1.745
0.900
0.607
0.458
0.367
0.307
0.263
1.550
0.915
0.649
0.503
0.410
0.347
0.300
1.744
0.979
0.681
0.522
0.423
0.356
0.307

605
700
795
890
985.
380

560
655
750
845
945.
355
545
645
730
805
880

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPlY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-lAP CONNECTIONS AND SHAll NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERlY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<!>

n lBucklingl: 2.00

lBucklingl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

DECK
PROFILE

in 4 I ft

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

NR
IR
WR

0.128
0.139
0.198

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Slrength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength
1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum [$(EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,$ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

s.

AV22

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t design thickness 0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX12
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
30/4
4
5
6

5.0
1375
1575
1745
1905
2065
2215
2355
845
1050
1235
1410
1580
1740
1890
780
965
1130
1280
1420
1545
1660
590
780
935
1075
1200
1305
1400
755
960
1160
1335
1505
1670
1825
735
915
1070
1220
1350
1470
1575

<j>
<P

5.5
1240
1425
1600
1755
1905
2050
2185
765
950
1135
1295
1455
1605
1745
705
885
1040
1185
1320
1440
1555

6.0
1130
1300
1470
1625
1765
1905
2035
695
865
1035
1195
1345
1485
1625
645
815
965
1100
1230
1350
1460

535

.485

715
865
1000
1120
1225
1325
685
870
1055
1225
1385
1540
1685
665
840
990
1130
1260
1375
1480

655
805
930
1050
1155
1250
625
795
960
1130
1280
1425
1565
605
775
920
1050
1175
1290
1395

<j> IEOI: 0.65


(WIND!: 0.70
(Qtherl: 0.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
1035
825
955
890

(EQI: 2.50
(WIND!: 2.35
n (Qtherl: 2.50
Q

8.5
775

9.0
725

1350
1505
1645
1775
1900
640

1250
1395
1540
1665
1785
590

1160
1295
1430
1565
1680
550

1080
1210
1335
1465
1585 *
515

1015
1135
1255
1375.
1490.
480

950
1065
1180 *
1290 *
1405 *
450

955
1110
1250
1385
1515
590

880
1030
1170
1295
1420
545

820
955
1090
1215
1335
505

765
895
1020
1145
1260
475

720
840
960
1080
1190
440

675
790
905
1015
1130
415

895
1025
1150
1265
1375
445

835
965
1080
1195
1300
410

780
905
1020
1125
1230
380

725
855
960
1065
1165
355

680
800
910
1010
1105
330

640
755
865
960
1055
310

750
875
985
1090
1185
570

700
820
930
1030
1125
530

650
775
880
980
1070
490

610
730
835
930
1020
455

570
690
790
885
970
430

535
650
750
840
930
400

885
1040
1190
1325
1460
555

820
965
1110
1240
1365
510

760
895
1035
1165
1285
475

710
840
965
1095
1210
445

665
785
905
1025
1145
415

630
740
855
965
1080
390

855
985
1105
1215
1315

800
925
1035
1145
1245

745
870
980
1080
1180

695
820
925
1025
1120

655
775
880
975
1065

615
730
835
930
1015

K1
0.892
0.630
0.487
0.396
0.335
0.289
0.255
1.338
0.823
0.595
0.465
0.382
0.324
0.282
1.605
0.917
0.642
0.494
0.401
0.338
0.292
2.008
1.036
0.698
0.526
0.423
0.353
0.303
1.784
1.053
0.747
0.579
0.472
0.399
0.345
2.007
1.127
0.783
0.600
0.487
0.409
0.353

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<P

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4fft
0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3540
4675

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2755
2315
2925
2460
3865
3245

IBucklingl: o.ao

n IBucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
6.5
7.0
8.0
8.5
1700
1480
1300
1970
1155
1805
1570
1380
1225
2095
2075
1825
1615
2385
2765

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1u (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum [c)) (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, c)) (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

A23

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 IWR, IR, NRl


t design thickness 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-12
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<(>

lEQl: 0.65
0.70
0.65

<(> !WIND>:
<(> !Other!:

n lEO!: 2.50
Q

!WIND): 2.35

n !Other!: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
9.0
8.0
8.5
7.5
1040
970
905
850

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6

K1
10.0
9.5
6.5
6.0
7.0
1.002
760
805
1210
1120
1320
0.707
1535
0.547
1140
1210
1745
1485
1380
1290
1610
1145
0.445
1280
1210
1450
1360
1930
1670
1555
1795
0.376
1510
1425
1345
1270
1835
1725
1610
2105
1960
1400 * 0.325
1480
1565
2275
1990
2125
1875
1765
1665
1710 *
1530 * 0.286
1615 *
2140
2015
1905
1805
2435
2280
1.503
470
745
640
560
530
500
815
690
600
0.925
1025
920
815
0.668
1240
1140
1060
985
865
1080
1015
0.523
1435
955
905
855
1330
1240
1155
1240
1165
1615
1320
1100
1040
985
0.429
1505
1405
1565
1385
1310
1240
1175
1115
0.364
1795
1470
1670
1615
1525
1445
1720
1370
1965
1835
1240
0.316
1305
750
640
595
555
520
485
460
1.803
690
0
435
1
1.030
965
875
1065
1000
935
820
770
2
1145
0.721
970
1155
915
1230
1085
1025
36/5
1315
865
820
3
0.555
1225
1380
1300
1160
1100
1045
1475
4
995
950
0.451
1620
1525
1440
1360
1285
1220
1165
1110
5
1060
0.380
1565
1485
1410
1340
1760
1275
1660
6
1220
1165
0.328
480
445
415
520
390
0
570
365
345
325
2.255
1
785
1.164
895
840
790
735
2
960
690
650
0.784
930
880
36/4
1120
985
1050
835
790
3
750
710
0.591
1060
1190
1120
1005
4
1260
955
910
870
830
0.475
1315
1245
1125
1070
1180
5
1390
1020
975
935
0.396
1505
1430
1360
1230
1175
1295
6
1125
1075
1035
0.340
725
670
615
575
535
0
500
470
445
420
2.004
1
940
1.183
1155
1065
985
915
855
2
805
755
0.839
30/6
1260
1170
1085
1015
3
1355
955
900
850
805
0.650
1545
1435
1340
1260
1175
1105
4
1040
985
935
0.530
1410
1330
1605
1500
1255
1185
5
1725
1120
1060
0.448
1660
1560
1470
1895
1770
1390
1320
6
1255
1190
0.388
0
705
650
600
555
520
485
455
430
405
2.254
1
915
1.266
2
1095
1020
955
895
840
790
740
0.880
1105
1040
1260
985
30/4
1175
3
930
885
835
790
0.674
1175
1115
4
1410
1325
1245
1060
1005
960
915
0.547
1240
1550
1460
1380
1305
1180
5
1120
1070
1025
0.459
1500
1425
1675
1585
1290
1355
6
1230
1180
1125
0.396
*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
<(>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
lA
WR

I
I ft
0.226
0.245
0.355
in 4

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
7.0
6.5
2775
2390
2540
2950
3895
3355

n !Buckling!: 2.00

!Butklingl: 0.80

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1830
1620
1445
2215
1945
1725
1535
2925
2570
2275
2030

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I !2 (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 1 u (Buckling)]
lRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum [<j> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <!>(Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

AV24

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t =design thickness =0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX14
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<)>
<)>

<)> IEOI: 0.65


IWINDI: 0.70
IOtherl: 0.65

n IEOI: 2.50
.Q IWINDI:
.Q IOtherl:

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

3.0
1605
1755
1890
2020
2135
2245
2345
1025
1200
1360
1510
1645
1770
1885
910
1055
1180
1290
1390
1470
1540
695
835
955
1050
1130
1195
1245
935
1110
1280
1435
1575
1705
1825
850
990
1110
1215
1300
1375
1435

3.5
1410
1550
1680
1805
1920
2030
2130
895
1050
1195
1335
1465
1585
1700
800
935
1060
1170
1265
1350
1430
615
745
860
960
1040
1110
1170
800
970
1120
1265
1400
1525
1640
. 750
880
1000
1100
1190
1270
1340

4.0
1260
1385
1510
1625
1735
1840
1940
775
930
1065
1195
1315
1430
1540
710
840
955
1060
1160
1245
1325
545
670
780
875
960
1035
1095
695
855
995
1130
1255
1370
1485
665
790
905
1005
1095
1175
1245

4.5
1115
1250
1365
1475
1580
1685
1780
685
825
960
1075
1190
1300
1405
635
760
870
970
1065
1150
1230
480
605
715
805
890
965
1030
615
755
895
1015
1135
1245
1350
595
715
825
920
1010
1090
1165

5.0
995
1120
1245
1350
1450
1545
1640
615
740
865
980
1085
1190
1290
565
690
795
890
980
1065
1145
430
555
655
745
825
900
965
550
675
800
925
1035
1140
1240
530
655
755
850
935
1015
1085

5.5
900
1015
1130
1240
1335
1425
1515
555
670
785
900
1000
1095
1190
510
625
730
825
910
990
1070
385
500
605
690
770
845
910
495
610
725
840
950
1045
1140
480
595
695
785
870
945
1020

*
*

6.0
815
920
1030
1135
1240
1325
1410
505
610
715
820
925
1015
1100
465
570
675
765
845
925
1000
350
455
560
645
720
790
855
450
555
660
770
875
965
1055
435
540
645
730
810
885
955

6.5
750

*
*
*

945
1040
1140
1235
1315
465
660
755
855
945
1025
425

7.0
690
*
*
*
*

870
960
1050
1140
1230
430
610
700
790
880
960
395

620
715
790
865
940
320

575
665
745
815
885
295

515
600
675
745
810
415

475
565
635
705
765
380

610
705
805
900
985
400

560
650
745
835
920
370

595
680
760
830
900

550
640
710
780
850

K1

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

0.704
0.497
0.384
0.313
0.264
0.228
0.201
1.056
0.650
0.469
0.367
0.302
0.256
0.222
1.266
0.724
0.507
0.390
0.317
0.267
0.230
1.584
0.817
0.551
0.415
0.333
0.278
0.239
1.407
0.831
0.589
0.456
0.373
0.315
0.272
1.583
0.889
0.618
0.474
0.384
0.323
0.278

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 I ft
0.099
0.108
0.152

IBucklingl: 0.80 .Q IBucklingl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

3.0
4130
4410
5695

3.5
3035
3240
4185

4.0
2320
2480
3205

4.5
1835
1960
2530

5.0
1485
1585
2050

5.5
1225
1310
1695

6.0
1030
1100
1420

6.5
880
935
1210

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1u (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1!l (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum I$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

September 2004

2.55
2.50

AV25

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 lWR, IR, NRJ


t = design thickness = 0.0358"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-14
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<j>
<1>

<!> (EQJ: 0.65


(WINDJ: 0.70
(OtherJ: 0.65

Q lEQJ: 2.50
Q

(WINDJ: 2.35

n (OtherJ: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

K1

1470
1625
1775
1915
2050
2175
2295
910
1095
1255
1410
1560
1695
1825
830
985
1125
1255
1370
1475
1565
640
790
920
1040
1140
1225
1300
815
1010
1175
1335
1485
1630
1765
780
930
1065
1185
1295
1390
1475

1310
1470
1605
1740
1865
1990
2105
805
975
1130
1275
1415
1545
1670
745
890
1025
1145
1260
1365
1455
565
715
840
955
1055
1145
1220
720
890
1055
1205
1345
1480
1605
700
840
970
1090
1195
1290
1380

1170
1325
1465
1590
1710
1830
1940
720
875
1025
1160
1290
1415
1530
665
810
935
1055
1165
1265
1355
505
655
775
880
980
1070
1145
645
800
955
1095
1225
1350
1475
625
770
890
1005
1110
1205
1290

1055
1195
1335
1465
1580
1690
1795
650
790
930
1065
1185
1300
1415
605
740
865
975
1080
1175
1270
455
595
715
820
915
1000
1080
585
725
865
1000
1125
1245
1360
565
705
820
930
1030
1125
1210

965
1090
1220
1345
1460
1565
1670 *
595
725
850
980
1095
1205
1310
550
675
800
905
1005
1100
1190
415
540
660
765
855
940
1020
530
660
785
915
1040
1150
1260
515
645
760
865
960
1050
1135

880

815

755

700

1120
1235
1355
1460.
1560 *
545

1035
1145
1255.
1360.
1460 *
505

960
1060.
1165.
1265.
1370 *
470

895
990.
1085.
1180.
1280 *
435

780
900
1020
1120
1220
505

725
835
945
1050
1145
465

675
775
880
980
1075.
430

630
725
820
915
1010
400

740
845
940
1030
1115
380

685
790
880
970
1050
350

635
740
830
915
995
325

595
690
785
865
940
300

615
715
800
885
960
485

570
670
755
835
910
450

530
630
715
790
865
415

490
590
675
750
820
390

725
840
960
1070
1170
470

670
780
890
1000
1095
435

620
725
825
930
1030
405

580
675
770
870
965
375

710
805
900
985
1070

655
755
845
930
1010

610
710
795
880
955

570
665
755
830
905

0.775
0.547
0.423
0.345
0.291
0.251
0.221
1.163
0.716
0.517
0.404
0.332
0.282
0.245
1.395
0.797
0.558
0.429
0.349
0.294
0.254
1.745
0.900
0.607
0.458
0.367
0.307
0.263
1.550
0.915
0.649
0.503
0.410
0.347
0.300
1.744
0.979
0.681
0.522
0.423
0.356
0.307

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

I It
0.128
0.139
0.198
in 4

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum I<!> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <jl (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV26

September 2004

1.5 fWR, IR, NRI


t = design thickness = 0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-14
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
30/6
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

5.0
1455
1655
1825
1990
2150
2300
2445
895
1100
1290
1465
1635
1795
1950
825
1010
1175
1330
1470
1600
1720
625
815
975
1115
1240
1350
1450
800
1005
1205
1385
1555
1720
1880
775
955
1120
1265
1400
1520
1630

<P fEQI: 0.65


<P fWINDI: 0.70
<P (Otherl: 0.65

5.5
1315
1500
1680
1835
1985
2130
2265
810
995
1180
1345
1500
1655
1800
750
930
1085
1230
1365
1490
1610
565
750
900
1035
1160
1270
1370
725
910
1095
1270
1430
1585
1735
700
880
1030
1175
1305
1420
1530

6.0
1195
1365
1535
1695
1840
1975
2110
740
910
1080
1240
1390
1535
1670
680
850
1005
1140
1270
1395
1510
515
685
835
965
1085
1195
1295
660
830
1000
1170
1320
1465
1610
640
810
955
1090
1215
1335
1440

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
1015
875
1100
940

(WINDI: 2.35
n (Otherl: 2.50

8.5
820

9.0
770

1060
1180
1300
1420
1540
510

995
1110
1220
1335
1450
480

1410
1570
1715
1845
1970
680

1305
1450
1595
1725
1850
625

1210
1350
1485
1620
1740
580

990
1150
1290
1425
1560
625

915
1065
1205
1335
1460
580

855
990
1125
1255
1370
535

795
925
1050
1180
1295
500

750
870
985
1105
1225
470

705
815
930
1045
1155
440

935
1065
1190
1310
1420
470

870
1000
1115
1230
1340
435

810
940
1050
1160
1265
405

755
880
995
1100
1200
375

710
830
940
1040
1140
350

665
780
895
990
1085
330

780
905
1020
1125
1225
605

725
850
960
1065
1160
560

675
800
905
1005
1100
520

630
755
860
955
1050
485

590
710
815
910
1000
455

555
670
775
865
955
425

920
1075
1225
1365
1500
585

850
995
1140
1275
1400
540

790
925
1060
1195
1315
505

740
865
995
1120
1240
470

695
810
930
1050
1170
440

650
765
880
990
1105
410

890
1020
1140
1255
1360

835
955
1070
1180
1285

775
900
1010
1115
1215

725
850
955
1060
1155

680
800
905
1005
1100

640
750
860
955
1045

1130
1260
1385
1510
1640
545

n (EOI: 2.50
Q

*
*

*
*

*
*
*

K1
0.892
0.630
0.487
0.396
0.335
0.289
0.255
1.338
0.823
0.595
0.465
0.382
0.324
0.282
1.605
0.917
0.642
0.494
0.401
0.338
0.292
2.008
1.036
0.698
0.526
0.423
0.353
0.303
1.784
1.053
0.747
0.579
0.472
0.399
0.345
2.007
1.127
0.783
0.600
0.487
0.409
0.353

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<P IBucklingl: 0.80


DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
I ft
0.181
0.196
0.284
in 4

5.0
3335
3540
4675

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2755
2315
2925
2460
3865
3245

n fBucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.0
7.5
8.0
6.5
8.5
1300
1700
1480
1155
1970
1570
1380
1805
1225
2095
2075
1825
1615
2385
2765

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1u (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths. I u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum I <I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,<!> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV27

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 IWR, IR, NRJ


t =design thickness= 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-14
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-lAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6
*

6.0
1400
1615
1825
2010
2190
2360
2525
860
1075
1290
1485
1670
1850
2020
795
1010
1190
1365
1525
1675
1815
605
815
995
1155
1305
1435
1555
770
985
1200
1405
1590
1775
1950
745
960
1135
1305
1460
1600
1730

<J>
<1>

<J> IEQJ: 0.65


IWINDJ: 0.70
IOtherJ: 0.65

Q
Q

9.5
850

10.0
805

1255
1390
1525
1660
530

1190
1315
1445
1575
500

6.5
1285

7.0
1185

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PlF


SPAN, FT
8.0
8.5
9.0
7.5
1025
905
1100
960

1680
1870
2040
2205
2360
790

1555
1735
1910
2065
2215
730

1445
1615
1785
1940
2085
680

1350
1510
1670
1830
1970
635

1265
1415
1565
1715
1865
595

1185
1380
1555
1725
1885
730

1100
1280
1450
1610
1765
675

1020
1195
1360
1515
1660
630

955
1115
1275
1425
1565
585

895
1050
1200
1350
1485
550

845
985
1130
1275
1405
515

935
1070
1205
1335
485

885
1010
1140
1270
460

1110
1275
1430
1575
1710
555

1040
1195
1345
1485
1615
510

970
1125
1265
1400
1530
475

905
1060
1195
1325
1450
440

850
1000
1135
1260
1380
410

800
945
1075
1195
1315
385

890
1025
1140
1255
365

845
975
1090
1200
345

930
1085
1225
1355
1475
710

870
1020
1155
1285
1400
655

815
960
1095
1215
1330
605

760
905
1035
1155
1270
565

715
860
985
1100
1210
530

670
815
935
1050
1155
500

770
895
1000
1105
470

730
855
960
1060
445

1105
1300
1480
1650
1815
685

1020
1205
1380
1545
1700
635

950
1120
1290
1450
1600
590

890
1050
1210
1365
1510
550

835
985
1135
1285
1425
515

785
925
1070
1210
1350
485

875
1010
1145
1280
455

830
960
1085
1215
430

1060
1220
1370
1510
1635

990
1145
1290
1425
1550

930
1080
1215
1345
1470

870
1015
1150
1275
1395

815
965
1090
1215
1330

770
910
1035
1155
1265

860
990
1100
1210

815
945
1055
1160

1190
1330
1475
1615
1760
560

*
*

IEQJ: 2.50
IWINDJ: 2.35
IOtherJ: 2.50
Q

*
*

K1
1.002
0.707
0.547
0.445
0.376
0.325
0.286
1.503
0.925
0.668
0.523
0.429
0.364
0.316
1.803
1.030
0.721
0.555
0.451
0.380
0.328
2.255
1.164
0.784
0.591
0.475
0.396
0.340
2.004
1.183
0.839
0.650
0.530
0.448
0.388
2.254
1.266
0.880
0.674
0.547
0.459
0.396

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SlOE-lAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFilE
NR
IR
WR

I
I ft
0.226
0.245
0.355
in 4

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAl SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2390
2950
2540
3895
3355

(BUckling): 0.80

DUE TO PANEl BUCKliNG (Sn), PlF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1830
1620
1445
2215
1945
1725
1535
2570
2925
2275
2030

(BUCkling): 2.00

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1 u (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum [<j> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <!> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV28

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NR)


t =design thickness= 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61series 10.113" to 0.155" support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDElAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

3.0
1560
1705
1845
1970
2090
2195
2295
1000
1170
1330
1480
1615
1735
1850
885
1030
1155
1265
1360
1440
1510
675
815
930
1025
1105
1165
1220
905
1085
1250
1405
1545
1675
1795
825
965
1085
1185
1270
1345
1405

3.5
1370
1510
1640
1765
1880
1985
2085
870
1025
1170
1310
1435
1555
1670
775
910
1035
1145
1240
1325
1400
595
730
840
940
1020
1090
1145
775
945
1100
1240
1375
1500
1615
725
860
975
1080
1165
1245
1310

4.0
1220
1350
1475
1590
1700
1805
1905
755
905
1040
1170
1290
1405
1515
690
820
935
1040
1135
1220
1300
530
655
765
860
945
1015
1075
675
835
975
1105
1230
1350
1460
645
770
885
985
1075
1155
1225

<1>
<1>

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH,


SPAN, FT
4.5
5.0
5.5
965
870
1080
1220
1095
985
1100
1215
1335
1445
1320
1215
1420
1310
1550
1650
1515
1400
1485 *
1745
1605
665
595
540
810
725
655
770
940
850
1055
880
960
1170
1070
980
1170
1280
1080
1270
1170
1380
615
550
495
675
615
740
715
850
775
875
810
950
1045
965
895
1045
1130
975
1205
1125
1050
415
465
375
595
540
490
700
640
590
790
730
680
875
810
755
945
830
885
1010
950
895
480
595
535
735
660
595
875
710
785
1000
905
825
1115
1015
930
1120
1225
1030
1330
1220
1125
515
580
465
700
640
580
805
740
680
770
905
830
920
990
855
1070
995
930
1140
1070
1000

<1> IEQ): 0.65


!WIND): 0.70
!Other): 0.65

n IEQ): 2.50
Q !WIND): 2.35

n !Other): 2.50

PlF
6.0
795
900
1005
1110
1210 *
1300 *
1385 *
490
595
700
810
905
1000
1085
455
560
665
750
830
910
985
340
445
550
630
710
780
845
440
545
650
755
860
955
1040
425
530
630
715
795
870
940

6.5
725
920
1020
1115
1210
1290
450
645
745
840
930
1010
415

7.0
670
*
*
*
*

850
940
1030
1120
1210
415
595
685
775
870
945
385

610
700
780
855
925
310

565
655
730
800
870
285

505
590
665
735
795
400

465
555
625
690
755
370

595
695
790
885
970
390

550
640
730
825
905
360

585
670
745
815
885

540
625
700
770
835

*
*
*
*

*
*

K1
0.844
0.563
0.422
0.338
0.281
0.241
0.211
1.267
0.724
0.507
0.390
0.317
0.267
0.230
1.520
0.800
0.543
0.411
0.330
0.276
0.237
1.901
0.894
0.585
0.434
0.345
0.287
0.245
1.689
0.921
0.633
0.483
0.390
0.327
0.281
1.900
0.981
0.661
0.498
0.400
0.334
0.287

* NOMINAl SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE liMITED BY SHEAR BUCKliNG. SEE TABlE BElOW.
THE SHADED VAlUES DO NOT COMPlY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDElAP CONNECTIONS AND SHAll NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERlY
SPACED SIDElAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFilE

in4 /H

NR
IR
WR

0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5695

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
3035
2320
3240
2480
4185
3205

!Buckling): 0.80

n !Buckling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEl BUCKliNG (Sn), PlF I SPAN, FT


6.0
6.5
4.5
5.0
5.5
1485
1225
1030
1835
880
1585
1310
1100
935
1960
1420
2050
1695
1210
2530

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1 u (EO or WINO), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 In (Buckling)]
lRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum !<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,$ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 )

September 2004

AV29

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0558"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61-series (0.115" to 0.155" support steen
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SlOE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

(EQJ: 0.65
<j> (WIND): 0.70
<!> (Other): 0.65
<!>

Q (EQJ: 2.50
Q (WIND): 2.35

n (Other): 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0
1465
1620
1765
1910
2040
2170
2290
910
1090
1250
1405
1555
1690
1820
830
980
1120
1250
1365
1470
1560
635
785
920
1035
1135
1220
1295
815
1005
1170
1330
1480
1625
1760
775
925
1060
1185
1290
1385
1470

4.5
1305
1460
1600
1735
1860
1980
2100
805
975
1125
1270
1410
1540
1665
740
885
1020
1145
1255
1360
1450
560
710
840
950
1050
1140
1215
720
890
1055
1200
1340
1475
1605
695
840
970
1085
1190
1290
1375

5.0
1165
1320
1460
1585
1705
1820
1935
720
870
1025
1155
1285
1410
1525
665
810
935
1050
1160
1260
1355
500
650
770
880
980
1065
1145
640
795
950
1090
1225
1350
1470
625
765
885
1000
1105
1200
1285

5.5

6.0

1050
1190
1330
1460
1575
1685
1790
650
790
930
1060
1180
1300
1410
600
740
860
970
1075
1175
1265
455
590
710
815
910
1000
1075
580
720
860
1000
1120
1240
1355
560
700
820
925
1025
1120
1205

960
1085
1215
1340
1455
1560
1665
590
720
850
975
1090
1200
1310
545
675
795
900
1000
1095
1185
410
540
660
760
855
940
1015
530
655
785
915
1035
1150
1255
510
640
760
860
960
1050
1130

7.0

7.5

8.0

880

810

750

700

1115
1235
1350
1455
1555
545

1030
1140
1250
1360
1455
500

955
1060
1160
1265
1365
465

6.5

*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*

890
985
1085
1180
1275
435

780
900
1015
1120
1220
500

720
830
940
1045
1140
465

670
775
875
980
1070
430

740
840
935
1025
1115
375

680
790
880
965
1050
345

635
735
825
910
990
320

590
690
780
860
940
300

615
710
800
885
960
485

565
665
755
835
910
445

525
630
710
790
860
415

490
585
670
750
820
385

720
840
960
1070
1170
470

665
775
885
995
1095
435

620
720
825
925
1025
400

580
675
770
865
965
375

705
805
895
985
1065

655
755
845
925
1005

605
710
795
875
950

565
660
750
830
905

625
720
820
915
1010
400

*
*
*
*

K1
0.930
0.620
0.465
0.372
0.310
0.266
0.233
1.395
0.797
0.558
0.429
0.349
0.294
0.254
1.674
0.881
0.598
0.453
0.364
0.304
0.262
2.094
0.985
0.644
0.478
0.381
0.316
0.270
1.861
1.015
0.698
0.532
0.429
0.360
0.310
2.093
1.080
0.728
0.549
0.441
0.368
0.316

* NOMINAl SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NDT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE

NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 I ft
0.128
0.139
0.198

(BUckling): 0.80

(BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 1u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum [<jl (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <jl (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

AV-30

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRJ

t design thickness 0.0474"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61-series 10.113" to 0.155" support steel!
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<1>
<1>

<1> IEOJ: 0.65


IWINDJ: 0.70
!Other!: 0.65

IEOJ: 2.50
(WIND!: 2.35
(Other!: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
FASTENER SlOE-lAP
8.0
8.5
9.0
K1
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
5.0
1.070
1145
1060
980
915
855
805
1520
1370
1250
0
0.714
1420
1720
1555
1
1030
0.535
1255
1170
1095
1460
1350
1740
1590
2
1895
1295
1215
1145
0.428
1390
1755
1615
1495
36/9
2060
1895
3
1335 * 1255 * 0.357
1895
1765
1640
1525
1425
2045
4
2215
1455 * 1370 * 0.306
1550 *
1660
1775
2370
2190
2035
1895
5
1575 * 1480 * 0.268
1785 *
1680 *
2170
2025
2330
1895
2515
6
1.606
500
610
935
845
770
710
655
565
530
0
0.918
1030
940
1
1140
725
0.642
945
880
820
770
1020
2
1330
1215
1110
0.494
840
36/7
1505
1380
1275
1180
1090
1015
950
890
3
1150
1075
1010
0.401
4
1675
1540
1425
1325
1235
950
1130
1695
1570
1460
1365
1280
1205
1065
0.338
1840
5
1175
1840
1710
1490
1400
1320
1250
0.292
1595
1995
6
1.926
865
605
560
525
490
460
0
780
710
655
1.014
1050
1
965
880
730
1215
895
1120
1035
830
775
685
0.688
2
965
0.521
1025
800
36/5
1370
1265
1175
1095
965
905
850
3
1145
910
0.419
4
1510
1400
1305
1220
1080
1020
965
1015
0.350
1645
1530
1430
1340
1260
1190
1125
1065
5
1110
0.301
1545
1455
1370
1295
1225
1165
1650
1765
6
420
2.409
540
655
495
455
390
365
345
0
590
710
1.134
1
845
775
745
645
570
0.741
695
2
1000
925
860
800
605
870
775
725
820
36/4
1145
1065
990
925
685
0.551
3
1190
1115
1045
985
930
880
835
790
0.438
1275
4
1225
1155
975
1300
1030
1390
1090
930
885
0.364
5
970
1020
0.311
1490
1405
1325
1250
1185
1125
1070
6
2.141
835
540
475
445
755
690
635
585
505
0
940
1.168
1040
860
1
875
760
715
670
2
1245
1125
1030
945
815
0.803
1420
1305
1200
1100
1020
950
830
785
0.612
30/6
3
885
1165
1085
1015
1595
1465
1355
1255
950
895
0.494
4
1010
0.414
1760
1620
1500
1305
1220
1140
1070
1395
5
1345
1265
1190
1125
1770
1640
1430
1920
1530
0.357
6
810
2.408
0
735
670
615
565
525
490
460
430
1.243
910
840
1
990
1065
920
700
1155
795
745
655
2
985
855
0.838
870
770
0.632
1300
1205
1120
1050
980
925
815
30/4
3
1440
1340
1170
1100
1035
930
880
0.507
1250
980
4
1460
1365
1285
1210
1145
1080
1025
975
0.423
1565
5
1570
1475
1315
1245
1180
1120
1070
1675
0.364
6
1390
*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4

I ft

0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3540
4675

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2755
2315
2925
2460
3865
3245

!Buckling): 0.80 Q !BUCkling!: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
6.5
1970
1700
1480
1300
1155
1225
1570
1380
1805
2095
2075
1825
1615
2385
2765

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <ll (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV31

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 lWR, IR, NRJ


t design thickness 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61-series (0.115" to 0.155" support steen
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<!>
<1>

<!> (EQJ: 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
(OtherJ: 0.65

(EQJ: 2.50
(WIND): 2.55
n (otherJ: 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

9.5

10.0

K1

1545
1760
1975
2165
2345
2520
2685
950
1165
1380
1580
1770
1950
2125
880
1095
1280
1455
1620
1775
1920
665
880
1065
1230
1380
1520
1645
850
1065
1280
1490
1680
1865
2045
825
1040
1220
1390
1550
1695
1835

1420

1310

1215

1135

1060

1000

940

890

1815
2010
2185
2350
2510
875

1680
1860
2045
2200
2355
810

1560
1730
1900
2070
2215
750

1455
1615
1775
1935
2090
700

1365
1515
1665
1820
1970.
655

1285
1425
1570
1710.
1855.
620

1345
1480
1615.
1750.
585

1275
1400.
1530.
1660.
550

1270
1465
1645
1815
1980
810

1175
1360
1535
1695
1855
745

1095
1265
1435
1595
1745
695

1025
1185
1345
1500
1645
650

960
1110
1260
1415
1555
605

905
1045
1190
1330
1475
570

990
1125
1260
1395
540

935
1065
1195
1320
510

1190
1360
1515
1665
1805
610

1115
1270
1420
1565
1700

1035
1195
1340
1475
1610
525

970
1125
1265
1400
1525

910
1060
1200
1325
1450

855
1000
1135
1260
1380

895
1020
1145
1255
380

990
1150
1295
1430
1555
780

930
1080
1220
1355
1475
725

865
1015
1155
1280
1400
670

1175
1375
1560
1735
1905
760

1090
1275
1455
1620
1780
700

1135
1300
1450
1595
1730

1065
1220
1365
1505
1635

1.202
0.802
0.601
0.481
0.401
0.344
0.301
1.803
1.031
0.721
0.555
0.451
0.380
0.328
2.164
1.139
0.773
0.585
0.470
0.393
0.338
2.706
1.273
0.832
0.618
0.492
0.408
0.349
2.405
1.312
0.902
0.687
0.555
0.465
0.401
2.705
1.396
0.941
0.710
0.570
0.476
0.408

ses

455

' 430

945
1080
1200
1315
405

810
960
1090
1215
1330
625

760
910
1035
1155
1270
585

715
855
985
1100
1210
550

810
940
1050
1160
520

765
895
1005
1110
490

1015
1185
1355
1520
1675
.650

945
1110
1270
1430
1575
605

890
1040
1190
1340
1490
51o

835
980
1120
1265
1405
535

925
1060
1195
1330
505

875
1005
1135
1260
475

995
1145
1285
1420
1545

930
1080
1215
1345
1470

870
1020
1155
1275
1395

820
960
1095
1215
1330

910
1045
1160
1270

860
990
1105
1215

485

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.

<!>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
lA
WR

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in 4 /

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCIIIIngJ: 2.00

0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

9.5

10.0

3255
3460
4570

2775
2950
3895

2390
2540
3355

2085
2215
2925

1830
1945
2570

1620
1725
2275

1445
1535
2030

1300
1380
1820

1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I<> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, 1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 J

AV32

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t design thickness 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK65-series 10.155" to 0.25" support steell
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SlOE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

3.0
1750
1895
2035
2165
2285
2400
2500
1120
1290
1455
1605
1745
1875
1990
990
1135
1265
1380
1480
1565
1640
760
900
1020
1120
1200
1270
1330
1015
1195
1365
1520
1665
1800
1925
925
1065
1190
1295
1385
1465
1530

3.5
1535
1675
1810
1935
2050
2160
2265
970
1130
1275
1415
1550
1675
1790
870
1005
1130
1245
1345
1435
1515
665
800
915
1020
1105
1180
1245
870
1040
1195
1340
1475
1605
1725
815
945
1065
1175
1265
1350
1420

4.0
1370
1500
1620
1740
1850
1960
2060
845
1000
1135
1265
1390
1505
1620
775
900
1020
1130
1230
1320
1400
595
720
830
930
1020
1095
1160
755
915
1060
1195
1320
1440
1555
725
850
965
1070
1160
1245
1320

<P IEQI: 0.65


<P (WINDI: 0.70
<P (Otherl: 0.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH,


SPAN, FT
4.5
5.0
5.5
1215
1085
975
1350
1210
1090
1465
1335
1205
1325
1580
1440
1420 *
1685
1545
1515 *
1790
1640
1605 *
1735 *
1885
745
670
605
720
890
795
1020
920
835
1040
1140
950
1255
1145
1050
1370
1250
1150
1475
1350
1245
615
690
555
815
745
675
925
845
780
945
875
1030
1125
1040
960
1215
1125
1045
1295
1205
1125
520
465
420
535
650
595
760
695
640
790
730
855
870
940
810
1020
885
950
1085
1020
955
670
595
540
810
725
655
950
850
770
1075
975
885
1195
1085
995
1305
1190
1095
1415
1295
1190
650
580
525
640
770
700
740
880
805
980
900
830
1070
915
990
1070
1155
995
1070
1230
1145

n (EQI: 2.50
n (WINDI: 2.35
n (Otherl: 2.50

PLF

6.0
890
995
1100
1205 *
1310 *
1405 *
1490 *
550
655
760
865
970
1065
1155
510
615
720
810
895
975
1050
380
485
590
680
760
830
900
490
595
700
805
915
1015
1105
475
580
685
775
855
930
1005

6.5
815

7.0
750

1010 *
1105 *
1205 *
1300 *
1390 *
505

930
1020
1110
1200
1295
465

700
795
895
990
1075
465

645
735
830
920
1005
430

660
755
835
910
985
350

610
700
780
855
925
320

545
635
710
780
845
450

500
590
665
735
800
415

645
740
840
935
1025
435

595
685
775
865
960
400

630
720
800
875
945

585
675
750
820
890

K1
*
*
*
*
*

0.844
0.563
0.422
0.338
0.281
0.241
0.211
1.267
0.724
0.507
0.390
0.317
0.267
0.230
1.520
0.800
0.543
0.411
0.330
0.276
0.237
1.901
0.894
0.585
0.434
0.345
0.287
0.245
1.689
0.921
0.633
0.483
0.390
0.327
0.281
1.900
0.981
0.661
0.498
0.400
0.334
0.287

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DD NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<P !Bucklingl: o.so


DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 /ft
0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5695

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
3035
2320
3240
2480
4185
3205

n !Bucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


5.0
5.5
6.0
4.5
6.5
1030
1485
1225
880
1835
1310
1100
1585
1960
935
1695
1420
1210
2050
2530

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength /.U (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strength S0 In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum [$(EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

September 2004

AV33

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0558"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK&5series (0.155" to 0.25" support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6
*

<I>
<1>

<I> (EQJ: 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
(Other): 0.65

(EQJ: 2.50
(WIND): 2.35
n (Other): 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

1580
1735
1885
2025
2160
2290
2415
980
1160
1325
1485
1630
1775
1905
895
1045
1190
1320
1440
1545
1640
685
835
970
1090
1195
1285
1365
875
1070
1240
1400
1555
1700
1835
835
990
1125
1250
1360
1460
1550

1405
1565
1705
1840
1970
2090
2210
865
1035
1195
1340
1475
1610
1735
800
945
1080
1205
1320
1425
1525
605
760
885
1000
1105
1195
1275
775
945
1115
1260
1405
1540
1670
750
895
1025
1145
1255
1355
1445

1260
1410
1555
1680
1805
1920
2035
775
930
1085
1215
1345
1475
1595
715
865
990
1105
1220
1320
1415
540
690
815
925
1025
1115
1200
695
845
1000
1145
1280
1405
1530
670
815
940
1055
1160
1260
1345

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

1135
1275
1415
1545
1660
1775
1880
700
840
980
1115
1240
1355
1470
645
785
910
1025
1130
1230
1320

1035
1160
1290
1420
1540
1645
1750 *
640
765
895
1025
1145
1255
1360
590
720
840
950
1050
1145
1235

950

875

810

755

1185
1300
1420
1535
1630
585

1095
1205
1315
1425
1530
540

1015
1115
1220
1320
1425
500

490

.....445

630
750
855
955
1045
1125
625
765
905
1045
1175
1295
1410
605
745
865
975
1075
1170
1260

570
695
795
890
980
1060
570
700
825
955
1085
1195
1305
555
680
800
905
1005
1095
1185

*
*
*

*
*
*

*
*
*
*

945
1040
1140
1235
1330
470

825
940
1060
1165
1270
540

760
870
980
1090
1185
500

705
810
910
1015
1115
465

775
885
980
1075
1160
. '405

720
830
920
1010
1095

375

670
770
865
950
1030
345

645
745
835
920
1000
525

595
700
785
870
945
485

550
655
740
820
895
450

515
610
700
780
850
415

760
880
995
1110
1215
505

700
810
920
1030
1135
. '470

655
755
860
960
1065 *
435

610
705
800
895
995
405

745
845
940
1030
1110

685
790
880
970
1050

640
740
830
915
990

595
690
785
865
940

660
755
855
950
1045
430

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

625
720
815
900
975 *
320

K1
0.930
0.620
0.465
0.372
0.310
0.266
0.233
1.395
0.797
0.558
0.429
0.349
0.294
0.254
1.674
0.881
0.598
0.453
0.364
0.304
0.262
2.094
0.985
0.644
0.478
0.381
0.316
0.270
1.861
1.015
0.698
0.532
0.429
0.360
0.310
2.093
1.080
0.728
0.549
0.441
0.368
0.316

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<I>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

(BUCkling): 0.80

(BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in4f ft

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

0.128
0.139
0.198

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I Q (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum 1$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, lj> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV34

September 2004

1.5 lWR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK63-series (0.155" to G.25" support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<I>
<1>

<I> lEQ): 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
lotherl: 0.65

n lEO): 2.50
n (WIND): 2.55
n lOtherl: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

5.0
1545
1750
1920
2085
2245
2400
2545
950
1155
1350
1525
1695
1860
2015
880
1065
1230
1385
1530
1660
1785
665
855
1015
1160
1290
1405
1505
850
1055
1260
1440
1610
1780
1940
825
1005
1170
1320
1455
1580
1695

5.5
1395
1580
1765
1920
2070
2215
2360
860
1045
1230
1400
1560
1710
1860
795
975
1135
1280
1420
1545
1665

600

785
935
1075
1200
1315
1420

no

955
1140
1320
1480
1635
1790
745
925
1080
1220
1355
1475
1590

6.0
1275
1445
1610
1775
1920
2060
2195
785
955
1125
1290
1440
1585
1725
725
895
1050
1190
1320
1445
1560
550
715
870
1000
1125
1235
1340
700
870
1040
1210
1365
1515
1655
680
850
1000
1135
1265
1380
1490

6.5
1170

7.0
1080

7.5
1000

8.0
930

8.5
870

9.0
820

1480
1640
1790
1920
2050
720

1370
1515
1660
1795
1920
665

1270
1405
1545
1680
1805 *
620

1185
1315
1440
1570 *
1695 *
575

1110
1230
1350 *
1470 *
1590 *
540

1045
1155
1270 *
1385 *
1495 *
510

1035
1190
1340
1475
1610
665

955
1100
1250
1380
1505
615

890
1025
1160
1295
1415
570

830
960
1085
1215
1330
530

780
900
1020
1140
1260
500

735
845
960
1075
1185 *
470

975
1110
1235
1355
1470
500

905
1040
1160
1275
1385
465

840
975
1090
1200
1305
430

785
915
1030
1135
1240
400

740
860
975
1075
1175
375

695
805
920
1025
1120
350

810
935
1055
1165
1265
645

755
880
995
1100
1200
595

700
830
935
1040
1135
550

655
780
885
985
1080
515

615
730
840
935
1030
480

575
690
800
895
980
450

955
1115
1270
1410
1545
625

885
1030
1175
1315
1445
575

825
960
1095
1230
1355
535

770
895
1025
1150
1275
500

720
840
960
1080
1200
465

680
790
905
1020
1130
440

930
1060
1185
1300
1405

865
995
1110
1220
1325

805
935
1045
1155
1255

755
880
990
1095
1190

705
825
940
1035
1130

665
775
890
985
1080

K1
1.070
0.714
0.535
0.428
0.357
0.306
0.268
1.606
0.918
0.642
0.494
0.401
0.338
0.292
1.926
1.014
0.688
0.521
0.419
0.350
0.301
2.409
1.134
0.741
0.551
0.438
0.364
0.311
2.141
1.168
0.803
0.612
0.494
0.414
0.357
2.408
1.243
0.838
0.632
0.507
0.423
0.364

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 /ft
0.181
0.196
0.284

n lBucklingl: 2.00

(Buckling): 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

5.0
3335
3540
4675

5.5
2755
2925
3865

6.0
2315
2460
3245

6.5
1970
2095
2765

7.0
1700
1805
2385

7.5
1480
1570
2075

8.0
1300
1380
1825

8.5
1155
1225
1615

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum 1$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, cp (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV35

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK63-series (0.155" to 0.25" support steen
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
1500
1715
1930
2120
2300
2470
2640
925
1140
1355
1550
1740
1920
2095
855
1070
1255
1430
1590
1745
1890
645
860
1045
1205
1360
1495
1620
825
1040
1255
1465
1655
1840
2015
800
1015
1195
1365
1520
1670
1805

<)>
<1>

6.5
1380

7.0
1275

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
9.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
970
1030
1180
1100

1775
1970
2140
2305
2465
850

1640
1825
2005
2160
2310
785

1525
1695
1865
2030
2175
730

1425
1585
1745
1905
2055
680

1335
1485
1635
1785
1940
640

1245
1440
1615
1790
1955
785

1150
1335
1510
1670
1830
725

1070
1245
1415
1570
1720
675

1000
1165
1325
1480
1620
630

1165
1335
1490
1640
1775
595

1090
1250
1400
1540
1675

1015
1175
1315
1455
1585
51&

950
1105
1245
1375
1500
::.475.

975
1130
1275
1410
1530
760

910
1060
1200
1330
1450
700

850
1000
1135
1260
1380
650

795
945
1075
1200
1315
610

1155
1350
1535
1710
1880
735

1070
1250
1435
1600
1760
680

995
1165
1335
1500
1650

1115
1275
1425
1570
1700

1040
1195
1340
1480
1610

550 . r

<)> (EQ): 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
(Other): 0.65

(EQ): 2.50
(WIND): 2.35
n (Other): 2.50
Q

9.5
915

10.0
865

1255
1395
1540
1680.
1825 *
600

1320
1455
1590.
1725 *
565

1250
1375.
1505.
1635.
535

940
1090
1245
1395
1530
590

885
1030
1170
1315
1455
555

970
1105
1240
1375
520

920
1050
1180
1305
495

890
1040
1180
1305
1425

840
980
1120
1240
1360
415

930
1065
1180
1295

. 390

880
1005
1130
1240
370

745
895
1020
1140
1250
570

700
845
970
1085
1195
535

795
925
1035
1140
505

755
885
990
1095
475

El30

930
1090
1250
1410
1555
590

870
1025
1175
1325
1470
.550

820
965
1105
1250
1390
520

910
1045
1180
1315
490

860
990
1120
1245
460

975
1125
1265
1400
1525

910
1060
1195
1325
1445

855
1005
1135
1260
1375

805
945
1080
1195
1310

895
1025
1140
1250

845
975
1090
1195

",~ ' ,

445

K1
1.202
0.802
0.601
0.481
0.401
0.344
0.301
1.803
1.031
0.721
0.555
0.451
0.380
0.328
2.164
1.139
0.773
0.585
0.470
0.393
0.338
2.706
1.273
0.832
0.618
0.492
0.408
0.349
2.405
1.312
0.902
0.687
0.555
0.465
0.401
2.705
1.396
0.941
0.710
0.570
0.476
0.408

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE

I
in4/ ft

NR
IR
WR

0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
7.0
6.5
2390
2775
2540
2950
3355
3895

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1830
1620
1445
2215
1945
1725
1535
2925
2570
2275
2030

(BUC~Iing):

Z.OO

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum !ell (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, ell (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV36

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t =design thickness =0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64-series 10.187'' to 0.312" support steen
SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<\>
<\>

<\> IEQI: 0.65


IWINDl: 0.70
IOtherl: 0.65

IEQl: 2.50
IWINDl: 2.35
IOtherl: 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


FASTENER SIDE-LAP
SPAN, FT
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
3.5
4.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
K1
3.0
4.5
5.0
0.844
0
1735
1525
1360
1205
1075
970
810
745
885
1085
0.563
1
1885
1665
1490
1345
1205
990
925 *
0.422
1795
1610
1460
1330
1200
1095
1005
2
2025
1100 * 1015 * 0.338
1200 *
36/9
2155
1920
1730
1570
1435
1315
3
1415 *
1305 *
1200 * 1105 * 0.281
1675
4
2275
2040
1845
1535
1395 * 1295 * 1195 * 0.241
1505 *
2385
2150
1950
1780
1635
5
1725 * 1595 *
1485 *
1385 * 1290 *
2490
2255
2050
1875
0.211
6
740
1110
1.267
460
965
840
665
0
600
545
500
0.724
790
715
1120
995
885
650
1
1285
2
1445
1270
1130
1015
915
830
760
695
645
0.507
36/7
1410
1260
1135
1035
945
795
735
1595
0.390
865
3
4
1735
1545
1385
1250
1140
1050
970
0.317
825
890
1665
1360
1145
915 *
5
1865
1500
1245
1060
985
0.267
1070 * 1000 * 0.230
1150
1780
1610
1470
6
1985
1345
1240
985
865
770
685
615
1.520
505
460
425
0
555
1
1130
810
740
670
895
1000
610
0.800
775
715
1260
1125
1015
920
2
845
655
605
0.543
36/5
1370
1240
1125
1025
940
870
750
700
3
805
0.411
780
4
1470
1340
1220
1120
1035
955
890
830
0.330
1560
1430
1310
1210
1120
1040
910
5
970
850
0.276
925 * 0.237
6
1635
1510
1395
1290
1200
1120
1045
980
520
755
1.901
590
465
415
380
0
665
345
320
1
795
715
650
590
530
485
895
0.894
1015
915
755
2
690
640
590
540
500
825
0.585
36/4
1115
1015
925
785
725
675
3
850
630
590
0.434
4
1195
1100
1015
935
870
810
755
705
665
0.345
1015
5
1265
1175
1090
945
885
830
780
735
0.287
6
1325
1240
1155
1085
1015
895
845
795
0.245
950
1010
750
0
865
665
595
410
1.689
535
485
445
1
1190
1035
595
910
805
720
650
0.921
1190
2
1355
945
845
765
700
640
1055
595
0.633
30/6
1515
1335
1190
1070
970
3
685
880
805
740
0.483
1470
4
1660
1315
1190
1080
990
910
835
775
0.390
1795
1600
1435
1300
1190
1090
5
935
865
0.327
1010
1920
1720
1550
1410
1190
1100
955 * 0.281
6
1290
1025 *
720
915
0
810
645
575
520
470
400
1.900
435
1
1060
940
845
765
700
635
580
0.981
2
1180
1060
960
875
735
800
630
580
685
0.661
975
30/4
3
1290
1165
1065
830
770
715
670
895
0.498
915
4
1380
1260
1155
1065
985
850
795
745
0.400
1455
1345
5
1240
1150
1065
990
925
870
820
0.334
1525
885 * 0.287
6
1415
1315
1225
1140
1065
940
1000
*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
<\>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4fft
0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5695

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
3035
2320
3240
2480
4185
3205

IBuckllngl: o.ao

n IBuckllngl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


5.5
6.0
4.5
5.0
6.5
1485
1225
1030
1835
880
1310
1100
1585
935
1960
1695
1420
2050
1210
2530

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum [cjl (EQ or WIND) xNominal Shear Strength, cp (Buckling) xNominal Buckling Strength S0 )
September 2004

AV37

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 lWR, IR, NRJ


t design thickness 0.0558"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64series (0.187'' to 0.512" support steel!
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDE LAP


LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<j>
<1>

<j> lEOJ: 0.65


lWINDJ: 0.70
lotherl: 0.65

lEOJ: 2.50
lWINDJ: 2.55
lOtherJ: 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

1770
1925
2075
2220
2355
2490
2615
1095
1280
1445
1605
1755
1900
2040
1000
1155
1300
1430
1555
1670
1770
770
920
1055
1180
1290
1385
1470
980
1175
1350
1510
1665
1815
1960
935
1090
1230
1355
1470
1575
1670

1575
1735
1875
2010
2145
2270
2390
970
1140
1300
1445
1590
1725
1855
895
1045
1180
1305
1425
1535
1635
680
830
960
1080
1190
1285
1375
870
1040
1210
1360
1505
1645
1775
840
985
1115
1240
1355
1455
1550

1410
1560
1710
1835
1960
2080
2195
870
1020
1175
1315
1445
1575
1700
800
950
1080
1200
1310
1420
1520
605
760
880
995
1100
1195
1285
775
930
1085
1235
1370
1500
1625
750
900
1025
1140
1250
1350
1445

1270
1410
1550
1690
1805
1920
2030 *
785
925
1065
1205
1330
1445
1565
725
865
990
1105
1215
1315
1415

1155
1285
1415
1540
1670 *
1780 *
1885 *
715
845
970
1100
1225
1340
1450
660
790
915
1025
1130
1225
1320

1060

980

905

845

605

1110 *
1215 *
1315 *
1420 *
1520 *
560

1035
1130
1230
1325
1420
525

895
1010
1130
1245
1345
605

825
935
1045
1155
1260
560

765
870
970
1075 *
1175 *
520

715
810
910
1005
1100
485

840
955
1055
1145
1235
.;(55

780
890
985
1075
1165

420

725
825
925
1015
1095 *
390

675
770
865
955
1035
360

690
800
895
980
1065
585

640
750
840
925
1005
540

595
695
790
870
950
500

555
650
745
825
900
465

820
940
1060
1175
1285
570

760
870
980
1090
1200
525 ...

705
810
910
1015
1115

660
755
850
945
1045

485

450

805
910
1005
1100
1185

745
855
945
1035
1115

690
795
890
975
1055

645
740
835
920
1000 *

545

685
815
920
1025
1115
1205
700
840
980
1120
1255
1375
1495

seo

820
940
1055
1160
1255
1350

. 495
625
755
855
955
1045
1130
640
765
895
1025
1150
1270
1385
620
745
870
980
1080
1175
1265

1295
1415
1535
1650
1755
655

I.

*
*
*
*

1200
1305
1415
1525
1635

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

K1
0.930
0.620
0.465
0.372
0.310
0.266
0.233
1.395
0.797
0.558
0.429
0.349
0.294
0.254
1.674
0.881
0.598
0.453
0.364
0.304
0.262
2.094
0.985
0.644
0.478
0.381
0.316
0.270
1.861
1.015
0.698
0.532
0.429
0.360
0.310
2.093
1.080
0.728
0.549
0.441
0.368
0.316

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<J>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

(BUCkling!: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in4fff
0.128
0.139
0.198

(BUCkling): 0.80

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum lei> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV38

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRl


t =design thickness =0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64-series 10.187' to 0.312" support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

5.0
1920
2125
2305
2475
2635
2795
2950
1180
1385
1585
1765
1940
2110
2275
1090
1280
1450
1610
1760
1905
2035
830
1025
1185
1335
1475
1605
1720
1055
1260
1465
1655
1835
2010
2175
1025
1210
1375
1530
1675
1810
1935

5.5
1735
1920
2105
2275
2425
2575
2725
1070
1255
1440
1620
1780
1940
2095
990
1175
1335
1485
1630
1765
1895
745
930
1095
1235
1370
1495
1610
955
1140
1325
1510
1680
1845
2000
925
1110
1265
1415
1555
1685
1810

6.0
1580
1750
1920
2090
2245
2390
2530
975
1145
1315
1485
1645
1795
1940
900
1070
1235
1375
1515
1645
1770
680
850
1015
1150
1280
1400
1515
870
1040
1210
1380
1550
1705
1850
845
1015
1175
1315
1445
1570
1690

<j>
<!>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
6.5
8.0
7.0
7.5
1450
1340
1240
1155
1515
1650
1785
1920
2055
770

1410
1540
1665
1795
1920
715

<j> IEQl: 0.65


fWINDl: 0.70
fOtherl: 0.65

8.5
1080
1320
1440
1560
1680
1800
670

n fEOl: 2.50
(WINDl: 2.35
n IOtherl: 2.50
Q

9.0
1015
1240
1355
1470
1580
1695
630

1765
1920
2075
2225
2355 *
895

1630
1775
1920
2065
2205
825

1210
1365
1520
1665
1805
825

1120
1265
1410
1555
1685
765

1040
1175
1310
1445
1580
710

970
1100
1225
1355
1480
660

910
1030
1150
1270
1390
620

1140
1280
1410
1535
1660
625

1055
1200
1325
1440
1560
575

980
1115
1245
1360
1470
535

915
1045
1170
1280
1390
495

860
980
1100
1215
1315
465

810
920
1035
1145
1250
435

935
1075
1195
1315
1425
800

865
1005
1125
1235
1345
740

805
940
1060
1165
1270
685

750
880
1000
1105
1205
640

705
825
940
1050
1145
600

660
775
885
995
1090
560

1115
1270
1425
1580
1720
775

1030
1175
1320
1465
1605
715

955
1095
1230
1365
1500
665

895
1020
1150
1275
1405
620

840
955
1075
1195
1315
580

790
900
1015
1125
1240
545

1090
1225
1350
1475
1590

1005
1145
1265
1385
1495

935
1070
1190
1305
1410

875
1000
1125
1230
1335

820
940
1060
1170
1265

770
885
995
1110
1205

*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

855
970
1085
1195
1310
580

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

K1
1.070
0.714
0.535
0.428
0.357
0.306
0.268
1.606
0.918
0.642
0.494
0.401
0.338
0.292
1.926
1.014
0.688
0.521
0.419
0.350
0.301
2.409
1.134
0.741
0.551
0.438
0.364
0.311
2.141
1.168
0.803
0.612
0.494
0.414
0.357
2.408
1.243
0.838
0.632
0.507
0.423
0.364

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHAll NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE

in 4 I ft

NR
IR
WR

0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3540
4675

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2755
2315
2925
2460
3865
3245

(BUCkling!: 0.80 .Q (BUCkling!: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.0
7.5
8.0
6.5
8.5
1480
1970
1700
1300
1155
1805
1570
1380
2095
1225
2075
1825
1615
2765
2385

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn 1u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum [$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, $ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV39

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)


t = design thickness = 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64-series <0.187" to 0.312" support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
1970
2180
2395
2605
2790
2970
3145
1210
1425
1640
1855
2045
2235
2415
1120
1335
1530
1710
1885
2050
2205
850
1060
1260
1430
1595
1745
1885
1085
1300
1510
1725
1935
2125
2310
1050
1265
1455
1630
1800
1960
2110

<P (EQ): 0.65


<P (WIND): 0.70
<P (Other): 0.65

n (EQ): 2.50
n (WIND): 2.35

6.5
1805

7.0
1670

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
9.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
1350
1270
1550
1445

2200
2400
2595
2765
2930
1115

2035
2220
2405
2585
2745
1030

1890
2065
2235
2405
2575
955

1510
1705
1900
2075
2250
1030

1395
1580
1765
1940
2100
950

1300
1470
1640
1815
1970
885

1215
1375
1535
1695
1855
825

1140
1290
1440
1590
1745
770

1070
1215
1360
1500
1645
725

1150
1285
1420
1555
685

1425
1595
1755
1915
2065
780

1320
1490
1645
1795
1940
720

1225
1395
1550
1690
1830
665

1145
1305
1460
1600
1730
620.

1075
1225
1375
1515
1640
580

1010
1155
1295
1435
1560
545

1090
1225
1360
1485
510

1030
1160
1290
1415
485

1170
1335
1490
1640
1775
995

1085
1250
1400
1540
1675
920

1010
1175
1320
1455
1585
855

940
1100
1245
1380
1505
795

880
1035
1180
1305
1430
745

830
970
1115
1245
1360
700

920
1055
1185
1295
660

870
995
1125
1240
625

1390
1590
1785
1970
2145
965

1285
1470
1655
1835
2005
890

1195
1370
1540
1710
1880
830

1120
1280
1440
1600
1760

n5

1050
1200
1350
1500
1655
725

985
1130
1270
1415
1560
680

1065
1200
1335
1470
640

1010
1140
1265
1395
605

1355
1520
1680
1835
1980

1260
1425
1580
1725
1865

1170
1340
1485
1625
1760

1095
1255
1400
1535
1665

1025
1175
1325
1455
1580

965
1110
1250
1385
1505

1045
1180
1315
1435

990
1120
1250
1370

1765
1925
2085
2245
2410
895

*
*

*
*

1655
1805
1955
2110
2260
835

*
*
*

1555
1700
1840
1985
2125
785

9.5
1195
*
*
*
*

1600
1735
1870
2010
740

(Other): 2.50

10.0
1130
*
*
*
*

1515
1645
1775
1900
700
1085
1215
1345
1470
645

*
*
*
*

*
*

K1
1.202
0.802
0.601
0.481
0.401
0.344
0.301
1.803
1.031
0.721
0.555
0.451
0.380
0.328
2.164
1.139
0.773
0.585
0.470
0.393
0.338
2.706
1.273
0.832
0.618
0.492
0.408
0.349
2.405
1.312
0.902
0.687
0.555
0.465
0.401
2.705
1.396
0.941
0.710
0.570
0.476
0.408

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j) (BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00


DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 I It
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2390
2540
2950
3895
3355

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
2085
1830
1620
1445
1300
2215
1945
1725
1535
1380
2925
2570
2275
2030
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <=Minimum (Nominal Shear Strength I Q (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1u (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum l<)l (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <)l (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV40

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRl


t =design thickness =0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K66-series 10.281" & thicker support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

<P IEOl: 0.65


<P IWINDl: 0.70
<P !Otherl: 0.65

n IEOl: 2.50

n IWINDl: 2.35
n !Otherl: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

3.0
1855
2000
2140
2275
2395
2510
2615
1185
1360
1520
1675
1815
1950
2070
1050
1195
1325
1445
1545
1635
1715
805
945
1065
1170
1255
1330
1390
1080
1255
1425
1585
1735
1870
2000
980
1120
1245
1355
1450
1530
1600

3.5
1630
1770
1900
2025
2145
2260
2365
1030
1185
1335
1480
1610
1740
1855
920
1060
1185
1300
1405
1495
1580
710
840
960
1065
1150
1230
1295
925
1095
1250
1395
1535
1665
1785
865
995
1115
1225
1320
1405
1485

4.0
1450
1580
1705
1825
1935
2045
2150
895
1050
1190
1320
1445
1565
1675
820
950
1070
1175
1280
1370
1455
630
755
870
970
1060
1140
1210
805
960
1110
1240
1370
1495
1610
770
895
1010
1115
1210
1295
1375

4.5
1285
1425
1540
1655
1760
1865
1965
790
935
1070
1190
1305
1420
1525
730
855
970
1075
1170
1260
1345
555
685
790
890
980
1055
1130
710
850
990
1120
1235
1350
1460
685
810
920
1020
1110
1200
1275

5.0
1150
1275
1400
1510
1610
1710 *
1805 *
710
835
960
1080
1190
1295
1395
655
780
885
985
1080
1165
1250
495
620
725
820
905
985
1055
635
760
885
1015
1125
1235
1335
615
740
840
935
1025
1110
1190

5.5
1035
1150
1265
1380
1485 *
1575 *
1670 *
640
755
870
985
1090
1190
1285
590
705
815
910
1000
1085
1165
445
560
670
760
840
920
990
570
685
800
915
1030
1130
1230
555
670
775
865
950
1035
1110

6.0
940
1050
1155
1260 *
1365 *
1460 *
1550 *
585
690
795
900
1005
1100
1190 *
540
645
750
840
930
1010
1085
405
510
615
705
785
860
930
520
625
730
835
945
1045
1135
505
610
715
805
885
965
1040

6.5
865
1060
1155
1255
1350
1445
535
730
825
925
1020
1110
495
690
785
865
945
1020
370

7.0
795
*
*
*
*
*

*
*

975
1065
1155
1250
1340
495
675
765
855
945
1035
455
635
725
810
885
955
340

565
660
735
805
875
475

520
610
690
760
825
440

670
770
865
965
1060
460

620
710
800
890
985
425

655
750
830
905
975

605
695
775
850
920

*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

K1
0.844
0.563
0.422
0.338
0.281
0.241
0.211
1.267
0.724
0.507
0.390
0.317
0.267
0.230
1.520
0.800
0.543
0.411
0.330
0.276
0.237
1.901
0.894
0.585
0.434
0.345
0.287
0.245
1.689
0.921
0.633
0.483
0.390
0.327
0.281
1.900
0.981
0.661
0.498
0.400
0.334
0.287

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

n !Buckling I: 2.00

<P !Bucklingl: 0.80


DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 I ft
0.099
0.108
0.152

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

3.0
4130
4410
5695

3.5
3035
3240
4185

4.0
2320
2480
3205

4.5
1835
1960
2530

5.0
1485
1585
2050

5.5
1225
1310
1695

6.0
1030
1100
1420

6.5
880
935
1210

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<" Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strengths. /il (Buckling)!
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<" Minimum [$(EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength.$ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV41

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)


t design thickness 0.0358"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K&&series (0.281" & thicker support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<)>
<)>

<)> (EQ): 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
(Other): 0.65

(EQ): 2.50
(WIND): 2.35
(other): 2.50
Q

Q
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

1800
1960
2110
2255
2390
2525
2650
1120
1300
1465
1625
1780
1925
2065
1020
1175
1320
1450
1575
1690
1795
780
935
1070
1195
1305
1405
1490
1000
1195
1365
1530
1685
1835
1980
955
1105
1245
1375
1490
1600
1695

1605
1765
1905
2045
2175
2300
2420
990
1160
1320
1465
1610
1745
1875
915
1060
1195
1325
1445
1555
1655
690
845
975
1095
1205
1300
1390
885
1055
1225
1375
1520
1660
1795
855
1000
1135
1255
1370
1475
1570

1435
1590
1740
1865
1990
2110
2225
885
1040
1190
1335
1465
1595
1715
815
965
1095
1215
1330
1435
1535
620
770
895
1010
1115
1210
1300
790
945
1100
1250
1385
1515
1640
765
915
1040
1155
1265
1365
1460

1295
1435
1575
1715
1830
1945
2055
800
940
1080
1220
1345
1465
1580
740
880
1005
1120
1230
1330
1430
c555
695
825
935
1035
1130
1215
715
855
995
1135
1270
1390
1510
695
830
955
1065
1170
1270
1365

1180
1310
1435
1565
1690 *
1800 *
1905 *
730
855
985
1115
1240
1355
1465
675
800
930
1040
1140
1240
1335

1080

995

925

860

*
*
*
*

1130 *
1230 *
1335 *
1435 *
1540 *
575

1050
1150
1245
1340
1435
535

905
1025
1140
1260
1360
615

835
945
1055
1165
1270 *
570

780
880
985
1085 *
1190 *
530

725
820
920
1015 *
1110 *
490

855
965
1065
1160
1250

465

790
900
1000
1090
1175
425

735
835
940
1025
1110 *
395

685
780
875
970 *
1050 *
370

700
810
905
990
1075
595

645
755
850
935
1015
550

600
705
800
880
960
510

560
655
750
835
910
475

835
950
1070
1190
1300
580

770
880
990
1100
1210
535

715
820
920
1025
1125 *
495

670
765
860
955 *
1050.
460

815
925
1020
1110
1200

755
865
955
1045
1130

700
800
900
985
1065 *

655
750
845
930
1010 *

:sos

635
765
870
965
1055
1140
650
780
905
1035
1165
1285
1395
630
760
885
990
1090
1185
1275

1320
1435
1555
1670
1780
670

*
*
*
*

1215
1325
1435
1545
1655
620

*
*
*
*
*

K1
0.930
0.620
0.465
0.372
0.310
0.266
0.233
1.395
0.797
0.558
0.429
0.349
0.294
0.254
1.674
0.881
0.598
0.453
0.364
0.304
0.262
2.094
0.985
0.644
0.478
0.381
0.316
0.270
1.861
1.015
0.698
0.532
0.429
0.360
0.310
2.093
1.080
0.728
0.549
0.441
0.368
0.316

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

Q (BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in4/ fl
0.128
0.139
0.198

(BUCkling): 0.80

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 I Q (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum [<I> (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 J

AV42

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t design thickness 0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K66-series 10.281" & thicker support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

<j>
<j>
<1>

IEQI: 0.65

(WIND): 0.70
(Otherl: 0.65

(EQI: 2.50

n (WINDI: 2.35
n (Otherl: 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

1995
2200
2380
2550
2715
2875
3030
1225
1430
1635
1815
1990
2160
2325
1135
1325
1495
1655
1805
1950
2085
860
1055
1220
1370
1515
1645
1760
1100
1300
1505
1700
1880
2055
2220
1065
1250
1415
1575
1720
1855
1985

1805
1990
2175
2345
2500
2650
2795
1110
1295
1480
1660
1825
1985
2140
1025
1210
1375
1525
1670
1810
1940
775
960
1125
1270
1405
1530
1650
995
1180
1365
1550
1720
1885
2040
965
1150
1305
1450
1595
1725
1850

1645
1810
1980
2150
2310
2455
2595
1015
1185
1350
1520
1685
1835
1980
935
1105
1270
1415
1550
1685
1810
705
875
1040
1180
1310
1430
1545
905
1075
1245
1415
1585
1740
1890
880
1050
1205
1350
1480
1610
1730

1505

1390

1290

1200

1125

1055

1820
1975
2135
2285 *
2420 *
930

1680
1825
1975
2120
2265
860

1560
1700
1835
1970
2105
800

1245
1400
1555
1705
1840
860

1150
1295
1440
1585
1720
795

1070
1205
1340
1475
1615
735

1000
1125
1255
1380
1510
685

1170
1315
1445
1575
1695
650

1085
1230
1355
1475
1590
600

1010
1145
1275
1390
1500
555

940
1070
1195
1310
1420
515

885
1000
1120
1240
1345
480

960
1100
1225
1345
1455
830

890
1030
1150
1265
1370
770

825
960
1085
1190
1295
715

770
895
1025
1130
1230
665

720
840
960
1070
1165
620

680
790
905
1015
1110
585

1145
1300
1460
1615
1755
805

1060
1205
1350
1495
1640
745

985
1120
1255
1390
1525
690

920
1045
1175
1300
1430
645

860
980
1100
1220
1340
600

810
925
1035
1150
1260
565

1120
1255
1385
1505
1625

1035
1175
1300
1415
1530

960
1100
1220
1335
1440

900
1025
1150
1260
1365

840
960
1080
1195
1295

*
*
*

*
*
*
*

1455
1585
1710
1840
1965
745

*
*
*
*

1365
1485
1605
1725
1845
700
935
1055
1175
1295
1415
645

*
*
*
*
*

1280
1395
1510
1620
1735
655
880
995
1110
1220
1335
605
830
945
1055
1170
1275
450

790
905
1020
1130
1230

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

K1
1.070
0.714
0.535
0.428
0.357
0.306
0.268
1.606
0.918
0.642
0.494
0.401
0.338
0.292
1.926
1.014
0.688
0.521
0.419
0.350
0.301
2.409
1.134
0.741
0.551
0.438
0.364
0.311
2.141
1.168
0.803
0.612
0.494
0.414
0.357
2.408
1.243
0.838
0.632
0.507
0.423
0.364

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHAll NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

(Bucklingl: o.so

n IBucklingl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

DECK
PROFILE

in4 I H

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

NR
IR
WR

0.181
0.196
0.284

3335
3540
4675

2755
2925
3865

2315
2460
3245

1970
2095
2765

1700
1805
2385

1480
1570
2075

1300
1380
1825

1155
1225
1615

1030
1090
1440

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I U (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strength Sn I u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV-43

1.5 (WR, IR, NRl


t design thickness 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K&&-series (0.281" & thicker support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36fi
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
2175
2390
2605
2820
3010
3190
3365
1340
1555
1770
1980
2185
2370
2555
1240
1450
1655
1835
2010
2180
2340
940
1150
1355
1530
1695
1850
1995
1200
1415
1625
1840
2055
2245
2435
1160
1375
1570
1750
1920
2085
2235

<)> lEOl:
<)> (WIND):
<)> lotherl:

6.5
2000

7.0
1845

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
8.5
9.0
7.5
8.0
1715
1495
1405
1595

2395
2590
2790
2970
3135
1230

2210
2395
2580
2765
2935
1140

2055
2225
2400
2570
2740
1060

1625
1825
2020
2205
2380
1140

1505
1690
1870
2055
2220
1050

1400
1570
1745
1915
2085
975

1310
1470
1630
1790
1950
910

1225
1380
1530
1680
1830

1535
1710
1875
2035
2190
<860

1420
1595
1755
1910
2055

1320
1490
1650
1795
1935

1230
1395
1555
1695
1830

1155
1305
1460
1605
1735

195

." 135

1255
1425
1585
1735
1875
1100

1160
1335
1485
1630
1770
1015

1080
1250
1400
1540
1670
945

1495
1695
1890
2085
2265
1070

1385
1570
1750
1935
2115
985

1460
1630
1795
1950
2100

1355
1525
1680
1830
1975

*
*

1920
2080
2240
2400
2560
990

*
*
*

*
*
*

1795
1950
2100
2250
2400
925

*
*
*
*

855

1690
1830
1975
2120
2260
870
1155
1300
1440
1585
1725
800

1;.~;640

1090
1230
1375
1515
1645
; 600

1005
1165
1320
1455
1585
880

945
1095
1245
1380
1505
825

1285
1460
1630
1800
1970
915

1205
1365
1525
1685
1845
855

1260
1430
1580
1725
1860

1175
1335
1490
1630
1760

ees;

I"

~;:

0.65
0.70
0.65

10.0
1250

9.5
1325
*
*
*
*
*

1730
1865
2000
2135
820
1225
1360
1495
1630
755
1160
1295
1430
1565

(EQ): 2.50
(WINDl: 2.35
n (other): 2.50
.Q

.Q

*
*
*
*

*
*

1635
1765
1890
2020
775
1160
1290
1420
1545
715

565

1100
1230
1355
1485
535

885
1030
1175
1310
1430
775

970
1105
1240
1365
730

920
1050
1175
1305
690

1130
1280
1430
1580
1730
800

1060
1205
1345
1490
1630
750

1135
1270
1405
1540 *
110

1075
1205
1335
1460
670

1100
1255
1405
1540
1670

1035
1180
1320
1465
1585

1115
1250
1385
1510

1055
1185
1310
1440

*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*

K1
1.202
0.802
0.601
0.481
0.401
0.344
0.301
1.803
1.031
0.721
0.555
0.451
0.380
0.328
2.164
1.139
0.773
0.585
0.470
0.393
0.338
2.706
1.273
0.832
0.618
0.492
0.408
0.349
2.405
1.312
0.902
0.687
0.555
0.465
0.401
2.705
1.396
0.941
0.710
0.570
0.476
0.408

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 I ft
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2390
2950
2540
3895
3355

(BUckling): 0.80 .Q (BUCkling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1830
1620
1445
2215
1945
1725
1535
2925
2570
2275
2030

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, cp (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV44

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t = design thickness = 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 10.25" min. support steell
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

3.0
1625
1770
1910
2040
2155
2265
2365
1040
1210
1375
1520
1660
1785
1900
920
1065
1190
1305
1400
1485
1555
705
845
960
1060
1140
1205
1255
945
1125
1290
1445
1590
1720
1840
860
1000
1120
1225
1310
1385
1450

3.5
1430
1565
1700
1820
1935
2045
2145
905
1060
1205
1345
1475
1595
1710
810
945
1070
1180
1275
1365
1440
620
755
870
965
1050
1120
1180
810
980
1130
1275
1410
1535
1650
755
890
1005
1110
1200
1280
1350

4.0
1270
1400
1525
1640
1750
1860
1955
785
940
1075
1205
1325
1440
1550
720
845
965
1070
1165
1255
1335
550
675
785
885
970
1045
1105
705
860
1005
1135
1260
1380
1495
675
800
910
1015
1105
1185
1255

<j>
<1>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH,


SPAN, FT
4.5
5.0
5.5
1125
1005
910
1265
1135
1025
1260
1140
1380
1490
1360
1250
1460
1345
1595
1440 *
1695
1560
1525.
1795
1650
695
620
560
835
750
675
790
875
965
1085
990
905
1095
1005
1200
1310
1200
1105
1415
1295
1195
575
640
520
765
700
635
875
800
740
980
900
830
1070
915
990
1160
1075
1000
1240
1150
1075
485
435
390
615
560
505
720
660
610
815
750
695
895
775
835
970
905
850
1035
975
915
620
555
500
760
615
680
900
810
730
1025
845
930
1140
1040
955
1255
1145
1050
1360
1245
1150
540
600
485
725
660
600
760
830
700
930
855
790
1020
940
875
1100
1020
955
1170
1095
1025

<j> lEO>: 0.65


(WIND>: 0.70
(Otherl: 0.65

n (EO>: 2.50
n (WINDI: 2.55

n !Other>: 2.50

PLF
6.0
825
930
1035
1145
1250 *
1335 *
1420 *
510
615
720
830
930
1020
1110
470
575
685
770
855
930
1005
355
460
565
650
725
795
860
455
560
665
775
880
975
1065
440
545
650
735
815
890
960

6.5
755
950
1050
1145
1245
1325
470
665
760
860
950
1035
430

7.0
695
*
*
*
*

880
970
1060
1150
1240
435
615
705
795
885
965
400

625
720
795
875
945
325

580
670
750
820
890
300

520
605
680
750
815
420

480
570
640
705
770
385

615
710
810
905
990
405

565
655
745
840
925
375

600
685
765
835
905

555
645
715
785
855

*
*
*
*

*
*

K1
0.352
0.291
0.248
0.217
0.192
0.172
0.156
0.528
0.402
0.325
0.272
0.235
0.206
0.184
0.633
0.461
0.362
0.298
0.253
0.220
0.195
0.792
0.539
0.409
0.329
0.275
0.237
0.208
0.704
0.522
0.415
0.345
0.295
0.257
0.228
0.792
0.569
0.444
0.365
0.309
0.268
0.237

NOMINAl SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE liMITED BY SHEAR BUCKliNG. SEE TABlE BELOW.
THE SHADED VAlUES 00 NOT COMPlY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHAll NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERlY
SPACED SIDE-lAP CONNECTIONS.

<1>

DECK
PROFILE

in4 /ft

NR
IR
WR

0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5695

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
3035
2320
3240
2480
4185
3205

(Buckllngl: 0.80

n IBucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PlF I SPAN, FT


5.0
5.5
6.0
4.5
6.5
1225
1835
1485
1030
880
1310
1100
1960
1585
935
1695
1420
2530
2050
1210

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<"' Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 In (Buckling)]
lRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <"' Minimum I<!> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

September 2004

AV-45

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 (WR, IR, NR)

t design thicness 0.0558"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Hiltl ENP2 or ENPH2 (0.25" min. support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<I>
<1>

<I> lEQ): 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
lotherJ: 0.65

lEQ): 2.50
(WIND): 2.35
lotherJ: 2.50
Q

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


FASTENER SIDELAP
SPAN, FT
K1
7.5
8.0
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
0.388
715
0
1500
1335
1195
830
770
1080
980
900
0.321
1110
1
1655
1495
1350
1220
0.274
2
1635
1135
975
910
1805
1490
1360
1240
1050
1075 * 1005 * 0.239
36/9
1945
1765
1365
1255
1160
3
1615
1485
1270 *
1180 *
1100 * 0.211
4
2080
1895
1735
1600
1485
1375
1195 * 0.190
1480 *
1380 *
1280 *
5
2210
2015
1855
1710
1590
1480 *
1385 * 1290 * 0.172
1690 * 1580 *
2330
2135
6
1820
1965
825
735
930
515
475
0.581
0
665
605
555
445
1
1110
995
735
0.443
890
805
2
1275
1150
1040
945
795
735
680
635
0.358
865
36/7
1430
1290
1175
1080
910
845
3
0.300
990
785
735
4
1580
1430
1200
1110
955
1305
1030
830
0.258
885
5
1720
1560
1430
1220
1315
1135
1060
990
925
0.227
1685
6
1850
1550
1430
1325
1085 * 1020 * 0.202
1235
1155
760
0
850
615
515
680
560
475
440
0.698
410
1
1000
905
825
755
690
0.507
2
1145
1040
875
810
750
950
695
645
600
0.399
36/5
1270
1165
1070
990
915
3
855
800
745
700
0.328
4
1390
1275
1180
1095
1015
950
890
840
790
0.279
5
1495
1380
1280
1190
1110
1040
980
925
0.243
875
1475
6
1585
1375
1285
1200
1130
1065
950 * 0.215
1005
. 465
575
515
0
650
.420
385
355
330
305
0.872
1
725
800
605
665
550
0.594
2
935
855
785
725
670
625
575
535
500
0.450
970
36/4
1050
895
3
830
770
720
675
635
595
0.362
4
1155
1070
995
925
810
865
765
720
680
0.303
1155
5
1240
1080
1015
895
950
845
800
755
0.261
1315
1235
6
1160
1090
1030
970
920
870
830
0.229
835
735
660
0
595
540
495
460
425
395
0.775
1
1025
905
810
735
670
0.575
1070
2
1195
965
875
800
735
680
630
590
0.458
1220
30/6
3
1355
1110
1015
925
850
790
735
685
0.380
4
1505
1360
1240
1140
1050
970
900
835
780
0.325
5
1650
1495
1365
1255
1165
1080
1010
940
875
0.283
6
1785
1625
1490
1370
1270
1185
1105
1040
975 *
0.251
715
0
795
640
575
525
445
480
410
0.872
385
780
715
1
945
855
655
0.627
2
1080
985
905
835
775
720
665
615
575
0.490
1205
1105
1015
940
875
30/4
3
820
765
720
670
0.402
1315
1210
1120
1045
4
975
910
855
805
760
0.340
1410
1135
1065
1310
1220
5
1000
940
885
840
0.295
1495
1395
1305
1220
1150
6
1080
1020
965
915
0.261
*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
<1>

n lBucnngJ: 2.00

lBuclingJ: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

DECK
PROFILE

in4f It

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

NR
IR
WR

0.128
0.139
0.198

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum !ell (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, ell (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV46

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI


t =design thickness =0.0474"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 10.25" min. support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

5.0
1510
1715
1885
2050
2210
2360
2510
930
1130
1325
1500
1670
1835
1990
860
1045
1210
1365
1505
1635
1760
650
840
1000
1140
1270
1385
1485
830
1035
1240
1415
1590
1755
1915
805
990
1150
1295
1435
1555
1670

5.5
1365
1550
1730
1885
2035
2180
2320
840
1025
1210
1375
1535
1690
1835
775
960
1115
1260
1395
1525
1645
590
770
920
1060
1185
1300
1400
750
935
1120
1300
1460
1615
1765
730
910
1060
1200
1335
1455
1565

6.0
1245
1415
1585
1745
1890
2025
2160
765
935
1105
1270
1420
1565
1705
710
880
1030
1170
1300
1425
1540
535
705
855
990
1110
1220
1320
685
855
1025
1195
1350
1495
1640
665
835
985
1120
1245
1365
1470

<)>
<1>

<)> IEQI: 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
IOtherl: 0.65

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0

IEQI: 2.50
(WIND): 2.55
n IOtherl: 2.50
Q

1140

1055

975

910

8.5
850

9.0
800

1455
1610
1760
1890
2015
705

1345
1490
1635
1770
1890
650

1250
1385
1520
1655
1780.
605

1165
1290
1420
1545.
1675.
565

1090
1210
1330.
1450.
1570.
530

1025
1140
1250.
1365.
1475.
495

1015
1175
1320
1455
1590
650

940
1085
1230
1360
1485
600

875
1010
1145
1280
1395
560

820
945
1075
1200
1315
520

765
885
1005
1125
1245
485

720
835
950
1060
1175
455

960
1090
1215
1335
1450
490

890
1020
1140
1255
1365
450

830
960
1075
1185
1290
420

775
900
1015
1120
1225
390

725
845
960
1065
1160
365

685
795
910
1010
1105
340

800
925
1040
1150
1250
630

745
865
980
1085
1185
580

690
815
925
1025
1120
540

645
770
875
975
1065
505

605
725
830
925
1015
470

570
680
790
880
970
440

940
1100
1255
1390
1525
610

870
1015
1165
1300
1425
565

810
945
1080
1220
1340
525

755
885
1010
1140
1265
485

710
830
950
1070
1190
455

670
780
895
1005
1120
430

915
1045
1165
1280
1385

855
980
1095
1205
1310

795
920
1035
1140
1240

740
870
975
1080
1175

695
815
925
1025
1120

655
765
880
975
1065

K1
0.446
0.369
0.315
0.274
0.243
0.218
0.198
0.669
0.510
0.412
0.345
0.297
0.261
0.233
0.803
0.584
0.459
0.378
0.321
0.279
0.247
1.004
0.683
0.518
0.417
0.349
0.300
0.263
0.892
0.662
0.526
0.437
0.373
0.326
0.289
1.004
0.722
0.563
0.462
0.392
0.340
0.300

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE
NR

lA
WR

I
/H

in4

0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3540
4675

(IUckllngl: 0.80

(IUCklingl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING {Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
8.0
8.5

2755
2925
3865

2315
2460
3245

1970
2095
2765

1700
1805
2385

1480
1570
2075

1300
1380
1825

1155
1225
1615

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum [~ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, ~(Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV47

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 (WR, IR, NRI


t = design thickness = 0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 (0.25" min. support steell
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
1485
1700
1910
2100
2280
2450
2620
915
1130
1340
1540
1725
1910
2080
845
1060
1245
1415
1580
1735
1875
640
855
1035
1200
1350
1485
1610
815
1030
1245
1455
1645
1825
2005
795
1005
1185
1355
1510
1660
1790

<)>
<1>

<1> <EOJ: 0.65


<WJNDJ: 0.70
(OtherJ: 0.65

6.5
1365

7.0
1260

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
1170
1090
1020
960

1760
1955
2125
2290
2445
840

1625
1810
1985
2145
2295
775

1510
1680
1855
2015
2160
720

1410
1570
1730
1890
2040
675

1320
1475
1625
1775
1925
630

1235
1430
1605
1775
1940
775

1145
1325
1500
1660
1820
715

1065
1235
1405
1560
1710
665

995
1155
1315
1470
1610
620

935
1085
1235
1385
1525
580

880
1020
1165
1305
1445
545

965
1100
1235
1370
515

915
1045
1170
1300
490

1155
1325
1480
1625
1765
585

1080
1240
1390
1530
1665
540

1010
1165
1310
1445
1575
500

945
1100
1235
1370
1495
470 .

885
1035
1170
1295
1420
440

835
975
1110
1235
1350
410

920
1055
1175
1290
385

875
1000
1120
1230
365

965
1120
1270
1400
1520
750

905
1055
1195
1325
1445
695

845
995
1130
1255
1370
645

790
940
1070
1190
1305
600

740
890
1015
1135
1245
565

695
840
965
1080
1190
530

790
920
1030
1135
500

750
880
985
1090
470

1145
1345
1525
1700
1870
730

1060
1245
1425
1590
1750
675

985
1160
1330
1490
1640
625

920
1085
1245
1405
1550
585

865
1015
1165
1320
1465
545

815
955
1100
1240
1385
515

905
1040
1175
1310
485

855
985
1115
1240
455

1105
1265
1415
1560
1690

1035
1185
1335
1470
1600

965
1115
1255
1390
1515

905
1055
1190
1315
1440

850
1000
1125
1250
1370

800
940
1070
1190
1305

890
1020
1135
1245

840
970
1085
1190

1245
1385
1530
1670
1815
595

*
*

9.5
900

10.0
855

1310
1445
1580
1715
560

1240
1365
1495
1625
530

*
*

<EOJ: 2.50
(WJNDJ: 2.35
(OtherJ: 2.50
Q

Q
Q

*
*
*

K1
0.501
0.415
0.354
0.308
0.273
0.245
0.223
0.751
0.573
0.462
0.388
0.334
0.293
0.261
0.902
0.656
0.515
0.424
0.361
0.314
0.277
1.127
0.768
0.582
0.468
0.392
0.337
0.296
1.002
0.744
0.591
0.491
0.419
0.366
0.325
1.127
0.811
0.633
0.519
0.440
0.382
0.337

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<)>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in 4 /H
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
6.5
7.0
2775
2390
2540
2950
3895
3355

(BUtklingJ: 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1830
1620
1445
2215
1945
1725
1535
2925
2570
2275
2030

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths. 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [<jl (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <jl (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

AV48

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRl


t design thickness 0.0295"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2K, XEDN19 or XEDNK22 10.125" to 0.375" support steell
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

3.0
1520
1670
1805
1930
2050
2155
2250
975
1145
1305
1450
1585
1710
1820
860
1005
1130
1240
1335
1415
1480
660
800
915
1010
1085
1145
1195
885
1065
1230
1380
1520
1650
1765
805
945
1065
1165
1250
1320
1380

3.5
1340
1475
1605
1730
1840
1950
2050
845
1000
1150
1285
1415
1530
1640
755
895
1015
1125
1220
1300
1375
580
715
825
920
1000
1070
1125
760
925
1080
1220
1350
1475
1590
710
840
955
1060
1145
1220
1285

4.0
1190
1320
1440
1560
1670
1770
1870
735
890
1025
1150
1270
1385
1490
675
800
915
1020
1115
1200
1275
515
640
750
845
925
995
1055
660
815
960
1090
1215
1330
1440
630
755
865
965
1055
1135
1200

(EQl: 0.65
<!> <WINDl: 0.70
<!> (Otherl: 0.65

n IEOl: 2.50

<!>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH,


SPAN, FT
4.5
5.0
5.5
1055
940
850
1190
1070
965
1305
1190
1080
1190
1415
1295
1395
1285
1520
1375
1620
1490
1465 *
1715
1580
650
580
525
640
790
710
755
920
835
870
1040
945
1150
1050
965
1260
1155
1060
1155
1360
1250
600
535
485
600
725
660
705
835
765
795
935
860
1025
950
880
1110
1030
960
1185
1105
1035
455
405
365
580
530
480
580
630
685
780
720
670
745
860
800
870
815
930
995
935
880
520
580
470
720
645
585
775
700
860
895
815
980
920
1095
1000
1105
1015
1210
1310
1205
1110
565
505
455
570
685
625
725
790
670
885
820
755
975
840
905
915
1055
980
1125
1050
985

(WINDl: 2.35
(Otherl: 2.50

PLF
6.0
775
880
985
1090
1190 *
1275 *
1360 *
480
585
690
795
895
985
1070
440
545
650
740
820
895
970
330
435
540
620
700
765
830
425
535
640
745
850
940
1030
415
520
620
705
785
860
925

6.5
710

7.0
655

905
1000
1100
1190
1270
440

835
925
1015
1105
1190
405

*
*
*

635
730
830
915
1000
405

585
675
765
855
935
375

600
690
765
840
910
305

555
645
720
790
860
280

500
580
655
725
785
390

460
545
615
680
745
360

585
685
780
875
960
380

540
630
725
815
895
350

575
660
735
805
875

530
615
690
760
825

*
*
*
*

K1
0.352
0.291
0.248
0.217
0.192
0.172
0.156
0.528
0.402
0.325
0.272
0.235
0.206
0.184
0.633
0.461
0.362
0.298
0.253
0.220
0.195
0.792
0.539
0.409
0.329
0.275
0.237
0.208
0.704
0.522
0.415
0.345
0.295
0.257
0.228
0.792
0.569
0.444
0.365
0.309
0.268
0.237

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NDT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 /ft
0.099
0.108
0.152

3.0
4130
4410
5695

NOMINAL SHEAR
3.5
4.0
2320
3035
3240
2480
4185
3205

(BUCklingl: 0.80

n IBUCklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


5.5
6.0
4.5
5.0
6.5
1225
1485
1030
880
1835
1310
1100
1585
935
1960
1420
1695
1210
2050
2530

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I u (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum [<j> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, I)J (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV-49

7.0
755
810
1045

1.5 lWR, IR, NR)

t design thickness 0.0558"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2K, XEDN19 or XEDNK22 10.125" to 0.575" support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

36/9

36/7

36/5

36/4

30/6

30/4

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

<j>
<1>

<!> lEQ): 0.65


lWIND): 0.70
lOther): 0.65

lEQ): 2.50

Q lWIND): 2.35

n lOther): 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

K1

1435
1590
1740
1880
2015
2140
2260
890
1070
1235
1390
1535
1675
1800
815
965
1105
1235
1350
1450
1540
625
775
905
1020
1120
1205
1275
800
990
1155
1315
1465
1610
1740
760
910
1045
1170
1275
1370
1450

1280
1435
1575
1710
1835
1955
2070
790
960
1110
1255
1390
1525
1645
730
875
1005
1130
1240
1345
1435
550
700
830
940
1040
1125
1200
705
875
1040
1185
1325
1460
1585
685
825
955
1070
1180
1275
1355

1145
1300
1440
1565
1685
1800
1910
705
860
1010
1145
1270
1395
1510
650
795
920
1040
1145
1245
1340
495
640
760
870
965
1055
1130
630
785
940
1080
1210
1335
1455
610
755
875
990
1090
1185
1270

1035
1175
1315
1440
1550
1660
1770
640
775
915
1050
1170
1285
1395
590
730
850
960
1065
1160
1250
445
585
700
805
900
990
1065
570
710
850
990
1110
1230
1345
550
690
810
915
1015
1105
1190

940
1070
1195
1325
1440
1545
1645
580
710
835
965
1080
1190
1295
535
665
785
890
990
1085
1170
405
530
650
750
845
930
1005
520
645
775
905
1025
1135
1245
505
630
750
850
945
1035
1120

860

795

735

685

1100
1215
1335
1440.
1535.
535

1015
1125
1235.
1345 *
1440.
490

940
1045
1145.
1250.
1350.
455

880
975.
1070.
1165.
1260.
425

770
890
1005
1105
1210
490

710
820
930
1035
1130
455

660
765
865
970
1060
420

620
715
810
905
1000.
390

730
830
925
1015
1100
370

675
780
870
955
1040
340

625
730
820
900
980
315

585
680
775
855
930
295

605
705
790
875
950
475

560
660
745
825
900
440

520
620
705
780
855
405

485
580
665
740
810
380

710
830
950
1060
1160
460

660
770
880
990
1085
425

610
715
815
920
1020
395

570
670
765
860
955.
365

700
795
885
975
1055

645
745
835
915
995

600
700
785
865
945

0.388
0.321
0.274
0.239
0.211
0.190
0.172
0.581
0.443
0.358
0.300
0.258
0.227
0.202
0.698
0.507
0.399
0.328
0.279
0.243
0.215
0.872
0.594
0.450
0.362
0.303
0.261
0.229
0.775
0.575
0.458
0.380
0.325
0.283
0.251
0.872
0.627
0.490
0.402
0.340
0.295
0.261

560
655
745
820
895

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
lA
WR

(BUCkling): 0.80 n lBUcllling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

I
in4 /H

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

0.128
0.139
0.198

3255
3465
4515

2570
2735
3570

2085
2215
2890

1720
1830
2390

1445
1540
2005

1230
1310
1710

1060
1130
1475

925
985
1285

810
865
1125

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AVSO

September 2004

1.5 IWR, IR, NRI

t design thickness 0.0474"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2K, XEDN19 or XEDNK22 10.125" to 0.375" support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
30/6
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

5.0
1510
1715
1885
2050
2210
2360
2510
930
1135
1325
1500
1670
1835
1990
860
1045
1210
1365
1505
1640
1760
650
840
1000
1140
1270
1385
1485
830
1035
1240
1420
1590
1755
1915
805
990
1150
1300
1435
1560
1670

5.5
1365
1550
1730
1885
2040
2185
2325
840
1025
1210
1375
1535
1690
1835
775
960
1115
1260
1400
1525
1645
590
770
920
1060
1185
1300
1400
750
935
1120
1300
1460
1615
1765
730
910
1060
1200
1335
1455
1565

6.0
1245
1415
1585
1745
1890
2025
2160
765
935
1105
1270
1420
1565
1705
710
880
1030
1170
1300
1425
1540
535
705
855
990
1110
1220
1320
685
855
1025
1195
1350
1495
1640
665
835
985
1120
1245
1365
1475

<1> IEOI: 0.65


IWINDI: 0.70

<1>

(Otherl: 0.65

8.5
850

9.0
800

1165
1290
1420
1545 *
1675 *
565

1090
1210
1330
1450
1570
530

1025
1140
1250
1365
1480
495

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
7.5
8.0
6.5
7.0
1140
1055
975
910

2.50
2.35
!Other): 2.50

Q IEQ):
Q (WIND):

<j>

1455
1610
1760
1890
2020
705

1345
1490
1635
1770
1890
650

1250
1385
1520
1655
1780
605

1020
1175
1320
1455
1590
650

940
1085
1235
1360
1485
600

875
1010
1145
1280
1395
560

820
945
1075
1200
1315
520

770
885
1005
1125
1245
485

720
835
950
1060
1175
455

960
1090
1220
1335
1450
490

890
1025
1145
1255
1365
450

830
960
1075
1185
1290
420

775
900
1015
1120
1225
390

725
845
960
1065
1160
365

685
795
910
1010
1105
340

800
925
1040
1150
1250
630

745
865
980
1085
1185
580

690
815
925
1025
1125
540

645
770
875
975
1065
505

605
725
830
925
1015
470

570
680
790
880
970
440

940
1100
1255
1390
1525
610

870
1015
1165
1300
1430
565

810
945
1080
1220
1340
525

755
885
1010
1140
1265
485

710
830
950
1070
1190
455

670
780
895
1005
1120
430

915
1045
1165
1280
1390

855
980
1095
1205
1310

795
920
1035
1140
1240

740
870
975
1080
1175

695
815
925
1025
1120

655
765
880
975
1065

*
*
*

*
*
*

K1
0.446
0.369
0.315
0.274
0.243
0.218
0.198
0.669
0.510
0.412
0.345
0.297
0.261
0.233
0.803
0.584
0.459
0.378
0.321
0.279
0.247
1.004
0.683
0.518
0.417
0.349
0.300
0.263
0.892
0.662
0.526
0.437
0.373
0.326
0.289
1.004
0.722
0.563
0.462
0.392
0.340
0.300

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4 I H
0.181
0.196
0.284

5.0
3335
3540
4675

NOMINAL SHEAR
5.5
6.0
2755
2315
2925
2460
3865
3245

IBUCklingl: 0.80

IBucklingl: 2.00

DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


7.5
8.0
7.0
8.5
6.5
1700
1480
1300
1155
1970
1805
1570
1380
1225
2095
2385
2075
1825
1615
2765

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I H (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strength Sn /l.l (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I <I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength. <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

September 2004

AV-51

9.0
1030
1090
1440

1.5 lWR, IR, NRl


t design thickness

0.0598"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2K, XEDN19 or XEDNK22 (0.125" to 0.575" support steen
SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER SIDE-lAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
36/9
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/7
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/5
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
36/4
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/6
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
5
6

6.0
1560
1775
1990
2180
2360
2535
2705
960
1175
1390
1590
1780
1960
2135
890
1100
1290
1465
1630
1785
1930
675
885
1070
1235
1390
1530
1655
860
1075
1290
1500
1690
1875
2055
835
1050
1230
1400
1560
1705
1845

<j>
<1>

<1> lEQ): 0.65


(WIND): 0.70
lOther): 0.65

9.5
950

10.0
895

lEQ): 2.50
2.35
lother): 2.50
Q

Q (WIND):

6.5
1435

7.0
1325

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PlF


SPAN, FT
9.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
1005
1230
1145
1075

1830
2025
2200
2365
2525
885

1690
1875
2055
2215
2365
815

1570
1740
1915
2080
2225
760

1465
1625
1790
1950
2100.
710

1375
1525
1675
1830
1980.
665

1295
1435
1580
1720.
1865.
625

1355
1490.
1625.
1760.
590

1280
1410.
1540.
1665.
555

1280
1475
1655
1825
1990
815

1185
1365
1545
1705
1865
755

1100
1275
1445
1600
1750
700

1030
1190
1350
1510
1650
655

965
1115
1270
1420
1560
610

910
1050
1195
1335
1480
575

995
1130
1265
1400
545

940
1070
1200
1325
515

1200
1365
1525
1675
1815
615

1120
1280
1430
1575
1710
570

1045
1200
1345
1485
1615
530

975
1135
1270
1405
1530
490

915
1065
1205
1330
1455

860
1005
1145
1265
1385

480

430

950
1085
1205
1320
405

900
1025
1150
1260
385

1000
1155
1305
1440
1565
790

935
1085
1230
1360
1480
730

870
1025
1160
1285
1405
680

815
965
1095
1220
1340
630

760
915
1040
1160
1275
590

715
860
990
1105
1215
555

810
945
1055
1165
525

770
895
1010
1115
495

1185
1380
1570
1745
1915
765

1095
1280
1465
1630
1790
710

1020
1190
1365
1530
1680
655

955
1115
1275
1435
1585
615

895
1045
1195
1345
1495
575

840
985
1125
1270
1415
540

930
1065
1200
1335
510

880
1010
1140
1265

1145
1305
1460
1605
1740

1070
1225
1370
1510
1640

1000
1155
1295
1430
1555

935
1090
1225
1350
1475

875
1025
1160
1285
1400

825
965
1100
1220
1335

915
1050
1165
1275

865
995
1110
1220

480

K1
0.501
0.415
0.354
0.308
0.273
0.245
0.223
0.751
0.573
0.462
0.388
0.334
0.293
0.261
0.902
0.656
0.515
0.424
0.361
0.314
0.277
1.127
0.768
0.582
0.468
0.392
0.337
0.296
1.002
0.744
0.591
0.491
0.419
0.366
0.325
1.127
0.811
0.633
0.519
0.440
0.382
0.337

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.

THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY
SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.

<j>

DECK
PROFILE
NR
IR
WR

I
in4f ft
0.226
0.245
0.355

6.0
3255
3460
4570

NOMINAL SHEAR
7.0
6.5
2775
2390
2950
2540
3355
3895

(BUCkling): 0.80 Q (BUCkling): 2.00

DUE TO PANEl BUCKLING (Sn), PlF I SPAN,


7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
2085
1830
1620
1445
2215
1945
1725
1535
2570
2925
2275
2030

FT
9.5
1300
1380
1820

10.0
1170
1245
1645

NOTE:
ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I <I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV52

September 2004

5.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/4" puddle weld or equivalent


SIDE lAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 /ll)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in4 I fl)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 / fl)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in4 / fl)
1.295

<j>

IBUCklingl: 0.80 n IBucklingl: 2.00


<j> IOtherl: 0.60
n lotherl: 2.65

<j>

<j> IEOI: 0.55


IWINDI: 0.70

8.0
335
665
825
990
1125
1255
1380
1495
1600
1700
1795

8.5
320
625
780
930
1065
1190
1310
1425
1530
1630
1720

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness = 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
10.5
11.0
11.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
245
285
270
255
235
300
590
575
735
695
660
630
600
720
690
880
835
790
755
800
965
920
880
840
1015
910
1080
1035
990
950
1135
1140
1095
1050
1010
1250
1195
1105
1245
1195
1150
1300
1360
1240.
1195.
1400
1290
1465
1345
1330.
1285.
1500
1440
1385 *
1560
1370.
1470.
1420.
1590
1530 *
1655
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
1440
1300
1180
1075
985
1605

9.5
340

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
10.0
10.5
270
310
295
280
260
325

9.0
360
710
885
1055
1220
1365
1500
1635
1760
1875
2090

835
1000
1160
1300
1435
1560
1685
1800
2015

2260

2025

10.0
425
1035
1235
1440
1615
1785
1945
2100
2245
2385
2645

10.5
405
985
1175
1370
1545
1710
1865
2015
2160
2300
2555

2985

2710

11.5

11.0
475
1160
1390
1615
1830
2025
2215
2395
2570
2740
3050

1110
1330
1545
1760
1950
2130
2310
2480
2640
2950

3475

3175

455

755
905
1055
1190
1315
1435
1550
1660
1870
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

795
950
1110
1245
1370
1495
1615
1730
1940

660
720
690
795
865
825
1005
965
925
1140
1095
1055
1260
1215
1165
1380
1325
1280
1490
1435
1385
1490.
1545
1600
1740.
1805.
1685.
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
1510
1380
1270

12.0
225
550
660
770
875
970
1065.
1155.
1240.
1320.

13.0
250

730
850
975
1085
1190
1290.
1390.
1580.

1170

1080

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0598 in.


SPAN, FT
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
12.0
12.5
405
390
375
435
420
360
1065
1275
1220
1175
1130
1090
1055
1425
1370
1320
1270
1225
1480
1505
1450
1400
1690
1625
1560
1685
1625
1575
1875
1805
1740
1910
1845
1785
1730
2050
1980
2075
2005
1940
1880
2225
2145
2160
2090
2030
2310
2230
2390
2310
2240
2170
2465
2385
2550
2520.
2445.
2675
2595
2760
2855
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
2145
2485
2305
2000
2690
2920

K1
1.093
0.356
0.266
0.213
0.177
0.152
0.133
0.118
0.106
0.096
0.088

905

760
885
1010
1125
1230
1335
1440.
1630.

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
12.5
13.0
13.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
370
340
325
315
385
350
940
900
860
1075
1030
915
990
950
1125
1150
1065
1310
1250
1200
1105
1315
1265
1215
1480
1425
1370
1360
1640
1575
1515
1460
1410
1790
1725
1660
1600
1545
1495
1800
1735
1680
1620
1940
1865
1935
1870
1805
1745
2080
2005
1870.
2215
2135
2065
1995
1930
2100.
2235.
2165.
2310
2465
2385
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635

n IEOI: 5.00

n IWINDI: 2.55

14.0
300
885
1030
1175
1315
1445
1570
1690
1810.
2040.

K1
1.204
0.392
0.293
0.234
0.195
0.167
0.146
0.130
0.117
0.106
0.090

K1
1.385
0.337
0.269
0.224
0.192
0.168
0.149
0.134
0.122
0.112
0.096

1520

15.0
350
1020
1185
1355
1520
1675
1825
1965
2105
2375.

K1
1.556
0.379
0.303
0.252
0.216
0.189
0.168
0.151
0.137
0.126
0.108

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I !l (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 / n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum 1<1> (EO or WIND) 1 Nominal Shear Strength, <!> (Buckling) 1 Nominal Buckling Strength S01
September 2004

A53

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent


SIDELAP FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or 11/2" long fillet weld
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 / ft)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in4 I ft)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 /ft)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 / ft)
1.295

8.0
280
605
770
915
1045
1165
1275
1380
1475
1565
1645

8.5

<J>

IBucklingl: 0.80
<J> IOtherl: 0.60

IBucklingl: 2.00
n lotherl: 2.65

<J>

<J> IEOI: 0.55


IWINDI: 0.70

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
11.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
235
225
535
650
755

65;5
QSO
1040
1125
1205 *
1280 *

IEOI: 3.00

n IWINDI: 2.35

12.0

510
620
730
825
915
1000
1085 *
1165 *
1240 *

K1
1.093
0.356
0 .266
0 .213
0 .177
0 .152
0.133
0 .118
0.106
0.096
0 .088

2035

9.0
300
645
820
985
1130
1270
1400
1520
1630
1735
1920

9.5
280
775
940
1080
1215
1340
1455
1565
1670
1855

2260

2025

10.0
350
960
1160
1340
1505
1665
1815
1955
2090
2215
2435

10.5
330
910
1105
1280
1445
1600
1745
1885
2015
2 135
2360

2985

2710

11 .0
390
1075
1305
1515
1710
1895
2075
2240
2400
2550
2825

11.5
375
1030
1245
1455
1645
1825
1995
2 160
2320
2465
2740

3475

3175

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0358 in .


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
270
255
235
225
215.
.~

13.0
205

740
895
1030
1160
1285
1400
1505
1610
1795

715
840
950
1060
1160
1260
1355 *
1530 *

690
810
920
1020
1120
1220
1310 *
1485 *

1170

1080

705
850
990
1110
1230
1345
1450
1550
1735
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

670
640
615
815
780
745
945
910
875
1070
1025
990
1185
1140
1095
1295
1245
1200
1400
1350
1305
1500
1445
1400
1680
1625 *
1575 *
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
1510
1380
1270

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11 .5
12.0
11.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
_290.
315 1300
_280
265
26Q
870
835
800
1055
1010
965
930
895
860
1230
1180
1135
1090
1050
1010
1330
1280
1385
1235
1190
1150
1535
1480
1425
1375
1325
1285
1680
1620
1560
1505
1455
1410
181 5
1750
1690
1635
1580
1530
1945
1880
1815
1755
1700
1650
2065
2000
1935
1875
1815
1760
2290
2220
2 150
2090
2 030 *
1970 *
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
_330
360
345
320
305
_295
985
1195
1145
1100
1060
1025
990
1400
1345
1295
1245
1205
1160
1585
1525
1470
1420
1375
1330
1760
1695
1640
1585
1530
1485
1925
1860
1800
1740
1685
1635
2090
2 020
1950
1890
1830
1775
2240
2 170
2 100
2035
1975
191 5
2385
2310
2240
2175
2 110
2050
2655
2580
2505
2435
2365
2305 *
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLINGJSn), PLF
2920
2690
2485
2305
2145
2000

14.0
_250
830
975
1115
1240
1365
1485
1600
1710
1920 *

K1
1.204
0.392
0.293
0.234
0.195
0.167
0 .146
0.130
0.117
0.106
0.090

K1
1.385
0.337
0.269
0.224
0.192
0.168
0.149
0 .134
0 .122
0.112
0 .096

1520

15.0
_285
955
1125
1290
1440
1585
1725
1860
1995
2240 *

K1
1.556
0 .379
0.303
0.252
0.216
0.189
0.168
0.151
0.137
0.126
0.108

1865

' NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIOELAP CONNECTIONS
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling)]

LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I~ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, ~ (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S01

AV54

September 2004

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: 5/8" puddle weld or equivalent


SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN

0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I ft)
0.551

24/4

<I>

(BUCkling): 0.80
<I> lotherl: 0.60

(BUCkling): 2.00
Q lotherl: 2.65

<I>

<I> lEOI: 0.55


lWINDI: 0.70

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness =0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
9.5
11.5
11.0
9.0
10.0
10.5
235
225
210
195
250
205

8.0

8.5

280

260

435
515
595
675
755
830
895
960
1025
1085

410
485
560
635
710
785
850
910
975
1030

390
460
530
600
670
740
810
870
925
985

2035

1800

1605

9.5

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5

435
500
570
635
700
770
825
885
940

415
475
540
605
665
730
790
845
895

395
455
515
575
635
695
755
805
860

375
435
490
550
605
665
720
775
825

12.0
185

360
415
470
525
580
635
690
745
790

345
395
450
505
555
610
660
715
760

985

905

lEOI: 3.00
lWINDI: 2.35

Q
Q

K1

1.093
0.587
0.476
0.401
0.346
0.305
0.272
0.246
0.224
0.206
0.190

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF

1440

1300

1180

1075

FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN

9.0

13.0

K1

300
470
555
640
725
810
895
975
1050
1120
1255

280

270.

255

245

235

'225

215

205

24/4

0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12

525
605
685
765
850
930
1000
1065
1200

500
575
650
730
805
885
955
1020
1145

475
550
620
695
770
840
910
975
1100

455
525
595
665
735
805
870
935
1055

435
500
565
635
700
770
835
900
1015

415
480
545
610
670
735
800
865
975

460
520
585
645
705
770
830
940

445
500
560
620
680
740
795
905

1.204
0.646
0.525
0.442
0.381
0.336
0.300
0.270
0.247
0.227
0.195

2260

2025

1830

I (in4 / ft)

0.714

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF

FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN

10.0

10.5

24/4

0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13

350
655
755
855
960
1060
1160
1255
1340
1425
1590

330
620
720
815
915
1010
1105
1200
1285
1365
1525

2985

2710

1380

1270

595
685
780
870
965
1055
1150
1230
1310
1465

570
655
745
835
920
1010
1100
1180
1260
1405

545
630
715
800
885
970
1055
1135
1210
1355

605
685
765
850
930
1010
1090
1165
1305

580
660
735
815
895
970
1050
1125
1260

1170 1080

14.0

K1

250

1.385
0.604
0.508
0.439
0.386
0.345
0.311
0.284
0.261
0.241
0.210

560
635
710
785
860
935
1010
1085
1220

540
610
685
755
830
905
975
1050
1180

1635

1520

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF

FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN

11.0

24/4

0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13

390
740
855
975
1090
1205
1325
1440
1540
1640
1835

710
820
930
1045
1155
1265
1380
1480
1575
1765

3475

3175

11.5

375

2465

2255

2075

1910

1765

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.


SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
360
345
320
305
295
330

680
785
895
1000
1105
1215
1320
1425
1515
1700

I (in4 / ft)

1.295

1510

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
315
265
300
280
290
260

I (in4 / ft)

1.036

1660

755
855
960
1060
1165
1270
1370
1460
1635

725
825
925
1020
1120
1220
1320
1410
1580

700
795
890
985
1080
1175
1270
1360
1530

675
765
855
950
1040
1130
1225
1315
1480

15.0

K1

285

1.556
0.678
0.571
0.493
0.434
0.387
0.350
0.319
0.293
0.271
0.235

650
740
825
915
1005
1095
1180
1270
1430

630
715
800
885
970
1055
1140
1230
1385

2000

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF

2920

2690

2485

2305

2145

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strenglh (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum (Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. I Q (Buckling )I
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum 1$ (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Slrenglb, cp (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strenglh S0]
September 2004

AV55

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I ft)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 I ft)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I ft)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I It)
1.295

<!>

!Bucklingl: 0.80 Q !Buckling): 2.00


<!> !EOI: 0.65
Q !EOI: 2.50
<j> !Otherl: 0.65
Q !otherl: 2.50 <j> !WINDI: 0.70 Q !WINDI: 2.35

8.0
165
320
400
480
545
610
670
725
775
825
870

8.5
155
300
375
450
515
580
635
690
740
790
835

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t- design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
11.5
11.0
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
145
130
125
120
115
135
285
280
355
335
320
305
290
425
405
335
385
365
350
425
490
470
445
405
390
550
525
480
460
440
500
510
490
605
580
555
530
660
630
605
580
555
535
710
680
625
580
650
600
755
725
645
695
670
620
800
770
740
715
690
665
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1605
1440
1300
1180
1075
985

9.0
175
345
430
515
595
665
735
800
860
920
1025

9.5
165

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
160
150
145
140
130
125

2260

2025

410
490
570
635
700
765
825
880
985

10.0
210
515
615
720
805
890
970
1045
1120
1190
1320

10.5
490
585
685
770
850
930
1005
1075
1145
1275

2985

2710

200

11.0
240
590
705
825
930
1030
1130
1220
1310
1395
1550

11.5
230
565
675
790
895
990
1085
1175
1260
1345
1500

3475

3175

390
465
540
610
670
735
790
845
950

370
445
515
580
645
705
760
815
915
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

355
340
325
425
405
390
495
470
450
560
535
515
620
595
570
675
650
625
730
705
680
785
755
730
885
855
825
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1510
1380
1270

12.0
110
265
320
375
425
470
515
560
600
640
905

13.0
120

370
435
495
550
605
655
705
800

360
415
475
530
580
630
680
770

1170

1080

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
190
180
175
170
160
155
470
450
430
560
535
515
495
475
455
625
655
600
575
555
530
740
710
680
655
630
605
820
785
755
730
705
680
895
860
830
800
770
745
965
930
900
865
835
810
1035
1000
965
930
900
870
1065
1105
1030
995
965
935
1230
1190
1150
1115
1080
1050
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness = 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
220
210
205
195
190
180
540
650
620
600
575
555
535
755
725
695
670
645
625
860
830
795
765
740
715
955
920
885
855
830
800
1045
1010
975
940
910
880
1135
1095
1055
1020
990
960
1215
1175
1135
1100
1065
1035
1300
1255
1215
1175
1140
1105
1450
1405
1365
1320
1285
1245
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2920
2690
2485
2305
2145
2000

K1
1.235
0.625
0.502
0.419
0.359
0.315
0.280
0.252
0.229
0.210
0.194

14.0
150
440
515
585
655
720
785
845
905
1015

K1
1.361
0.689
0.553
0.461
0.396
0.347
0.308
0.278
0.253
0.232
0.199

K1
1.566
0.636
0.531
0.455
0.399
0.355
0.320
0.291
0.266
0.246
0.213

1520

15.0
175
520
605
690
775
855
930
1000
1075
1210

K1
1.759
0.714
0.596
0.512
0.448
0.399
0.359
0.326
0.299
0.276
0.240

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SlOE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDHAP CONNECTIONS
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I !l (EQ or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling)[

LRFO Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I<)> (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <)> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0)

AV56

September 2004

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Bulldex BX12


SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDELAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 / H)
0.551

SIDELAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 / H)
0.714

SIDE LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 /H)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 /H)
1.295

<!>

!Buckling): o.ao
<!> !other): 0.65

n !Buckling): 2.00
Q

!Other): 2.50

<!>

<!> lEO): 0.65


!WIND): 0.70

8.0
240
395
475
555
635
710
775
840
905
960
1020

8.5
225
375
445
520
595
670
735
800
860
915
970

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
10.5
11.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
11.0
210
200
190
180
175
165
350
425
400
345
380
360
330
495
465
445
425
405
385
485
460
440
565
535
505
495
570
635
600
545
520
700
665
635
605
575
550
725
690
660
635
605
760
745
715
685
655
815
780
835
795
765
735
705
870
925
885
850
815
780
750
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1605
1440
1300
1180
1075
985

9.0
245
420
505
590
675
760
835
910
975
1045
1170

9.5
235

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
10.0
195
185
220
210
200
180

475
560
640
720
795
865
930
995
1120

455
530
605
685
760
825
890
955
1075

2260

2025

10.0
275
580
680
785
885
980
1065
1150
1230
1310
1460

10.5
260
550
650
745
840
935
1020
1100
1180
1260
1405

2985

2710

11.0
290
640
755
870
990
1100
1200
1295
1390
1485
1655

11.5
275
610
720
835
945
1055
1150
1245
1340
1430
1600

3475

3175

430
505
580
650
725
790
855
915
1030
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

410
395
380
480
460
440
550
530
505
570
620
595
690
660
635
760
730
700
820
785
755
845
810
880
990
955
920
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1510
1380
1270

12.0
160
315
370
425
475
530
580
630
675
725

13.0
170
410
465
525
585
645
705
755
855

1170

1080

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness= 0.0598 in.


SPAN, FT
13.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
14.0
14.5
265
255
245
235
225
220
585
640
615
575
595
690
665
740
710
765
685
660
800
835
805
775
750
870
905
975
935
900
870
840
1015
1110
1070
1030
995
960
925
1115
1080
1045
1010
1155
1200
1125
1245
1200
1160
1090
1290
1285
1240
1200
1375
1330
1165
1445
1395
1355
1315
1490
1545
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2485
2305
2145
2000
2690
2920

!WIND): 2.35

K1
2.376
0.826
0.623
0.500
0.418
0.359
0.314
0.279
0.252
0.229
0.210

905

425
485
545
610
670
730
785
885

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
240
210
250
230
220
205
525
505
485
620
590
565
545
525
505
710
680
625
600
580
650
735
705
770
680
655
805
760
895
855
820
790
730
940
980
905
870
835
805
1015
1055
980
940
910
880
1135
1090
1050
1010
975
945
1165
1120
1080
1045
1010
1210
1255
1215
1175
1135
1300
1350
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2075
1910
2465
2255
1765
1635

n lEO): 2.50
Q

14.0
195
485
560
630
705
775
850
915
975
1100

K1
2.617
0.910
0.686
0.551
0.460
0.395
0.346
0.308
0.277
0.252
0.214

K1
3.011
0.790
0.634
0.529
0.454
0.398
0.354
0.319
0.290
0.266
0.228

1520

15.0
210
555
640
725
810
895
980
1055
1130
1275

K1
3.382
0.887
0.712
0.595
0.510
0.447
0.398
0.358
0.326
0.299
0.256

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum (Nominal Shear Strenglh /ll (EO or WINO), Nominal Buckling Strength S1 In (Buckling)!
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <ll (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S11
September 2004

AV57

<j) IBucklingl: 0.80 Q !Buckling!: 2.00


<j) IEOI: 0.65
<j) IOtherl: 0.65
Q lotherl: 2.50 <j) IWINDI: 0.70

5.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX14


SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDELAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I ft}
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 I It)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 /It)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I It)
1.295

8.0
250
410
490
570
650
725
795
860
925
985
1040

8.5
235
385
460
535
610
685
755
815
875
935
990

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness = 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
11.5
10.5
11.0
9.0
9.5
10.0
190
185
175
225
210
200
365
340
435
410
390
375
355
415
455
435
395
480
505
450
575
545
520
495
470
505
645
610
580
555
530
715
645
615
585
560
680
775
740
705
675
645
615
730
670
835
795
760
695
720
815
780
745
890
850
945
865
795
765
905
830
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1605
1440
1300
1180
1075
985

13.0
180

435
495
555
620
680
740
795
905

420
475
535
595
655
715
770
870

1170

1080

9.0
260
435
520
605
690
775
855
930
1000
1065
1195

9.5
250

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t = design thickness = 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
235
225
215
205
195
190

490
570
655
735
815
885
950
1020
1145

465
545
620
695
775
845
910
975
1095

2260

2025

10.0
290
595
695
800
900
1000
1090
1175
1255
1335
1490

10.5
275
565
665
760
860
955
1040
1125
1205
1280
1430

2985

2710

11.0
305
655
770
890
1005
1120
1225
1320
1420
1510
1690

11.5
290
625
740
850
960
1075
1175
1270
1365
1455
1630

3475

3175

445
515
590
665
735
810
870
935
1050
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

425
405
390
495
470
455
540
565
515
635
605
580
705
675
645
775
740
710
835
800
770
895
860
825
1010
970
935
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1510
1380
1270

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
265
250
240
230
225
215
540
520
495
635
605
580
560
535
515
725
695
665
640
615
590
820
785
750
720
695
665
910
870
835
800
770
740
1000
960
920
885
850
820
1080
1035
995
960
925
895
1155
1110
1070
1030
995
960
1185
1230
1140
1100
1065
1025
1375
1325
1280
1235
1195
1155
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
280
270
260
250
240
230
600
710
655
680
630
605
585
815
780
750
725
700
675
920
885
850
820
790
765
1030
990
950
915
880
850
1130
1090
1050
1010
975
940
1225
1180
1135
1100
1060
1030
1315
1265
1225
1180
1145
1105
1400
1355
1305
1265
1220
1185
1570
1520
1470
1420
1375
1335
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLINGlSn). PLF
2920
2690
2485
2305
2145
2000

12.0
170
325
380
430
485
535
590
645
690
735

IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 2.55

Q
Q

K1
2.376
0.826
0.623
0.500
0.418
0.359
0.314
0.279
0.252
0.229
0.210

905

14.0
205
500
570
645
715
790
860
930
995
1120

K1
2.617
0.910
0.686
0.551
0.460
0.395
0.346
0.308
0.277
0.252
0.214

K1
3.011
0.790
0.634
0.529
0.454
0.398
0.354
0.319
0.290
0.266
0.228

1520

15.0
225
565
650
740
825
910
995
1075
1150
1295

K1
3.382
0.887
0.712
0.595
0.510
0.447
0.398
0.358
0.326
0.299
0.256

1865

' NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <=Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths. 1n (Buckling)!

LRFD Required Slrength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum!<)> (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,<)> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 ]

AV58

September 2004

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61-series 10.113" to 0.155" support steel!


SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 / H)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in4 /H}
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 /H}
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in4 /H)
1.295

<1>

!Buckling): o.ao
<J> !other): 0.65

n !Buckling): 2.00

lEO): 0.65
n lEO): 2.50
!WIND): 0.70 Q !WIND): 2.35

<1>

Q !other): 2.50 <J>

8.0
245
405
480
560
640
720
785
850
915
975
1030

8.5
230
380
455
530
605
675
745
805
865
925
980

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
180
170
220
185
205
195
360
430
405
385
365
350
335
500
475
450
430
410
390
570
540
515
490
465
445
640
605
575
550
525
500
710
675
640
610
580
555
765
730
700
670
640
610
825
785
750
720
690
665
840
740
710
880
805
770
935
895
855
820
790
760
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1605
1440
1180
1075
1300
985

9.0
260
430
515
600
690
775
855
925
995
1065
1195

9.5
245

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness = 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.5
11.0
10.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
225
215
205
190
235
195

490
570
650
730
815
885
950
1015
1140

465
540
620
695
775
845
910
970
1095

2260

2025

10.0
610
710
810
915
1015
1105
1190
1275
1355
1510

10.5
290
580
675
775
870
965
1060
1140
1220
1300
1455

2985

2710

305

11.0
690
805
920
1040
1155
1265
1370
1465
1560
1745

11.5
325
660
770
880
995
1105
1215
1315
1410
1505
1680

3475

3175

340

445
515
590
665
735
805
870
930
1050
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

425
405
390
495
470
450
565
540
515
630
605
580
700
670
645
770
740
710
770
835
800
895
860
825
1010
970
935
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
1510
1380
1270

12.0
165
320
375
425
480
535
585
635
685
730
905

13.0
180

435
495
555
620
680
740
795
900

415
475
535
595
655
715
770
870

1170

1080

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
275
265
250
240
235
225
555
530
505
645
615
545
525
570
590
740
705
675
650
625
600
795
760
830
730
705
675
925
885
845
810
780
750
1015
970
930
825
895
860
1095
1050
1010
975
935
905
1175
1125
1085
1045
1010
975
1250
1200
1155
1115
1075
1040
1395
1345
1295
1250
1210
1170
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
310
285
275
295
265
255
630
735
710
680
655
630
610
845
810
780
750
725
700
845
815
785
950
915
880
1015
975
940
1060
905
875
1165
1120
1075
1035
1000
965
1265
1215
1175
1130
1090
1055
1305
1260
1220
1180
1140
1355
1300
1260
1220
1445
1395
1345
1465
1565
1515
1415
1375
1620
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
2485
2305
2145
2000
2690
2920

K1
2.851
0.877
0.651
0.518
0.430
0.368
0.321
0.285
0.256
0.233
0.213

14.0
215
505
580
650
725
800
870
940
1005
1130

K1
3.140
0.966
0.718
0.571
0.474
0.405
0.354
0.314
0.282
0.256
0.217

K1
3.614
0.826
0.657
0.545
0.466
0.407
0.361
0.325
0.295
0.270
0.231

1520

15.0
250
590
675
760
845
930
1020
1105
1180
1330

K1
4.059
0.928
0.738
0.613
0.524
0.457
0.406
0.365
0.331
0.303
0.260

1865

' NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum (Nominal Shear Strength I Q (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 / n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I ell (EO or WIND) 1 Nominal Shear Strength, cjl (Buckling) 1 Nominal Buckling Strength S01
September 2004

AV59

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK63-series !o.155" to 0.25" support steel!


SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I It)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 I It)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I It)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I ft)
1.295

<1>

!Buckling!: o.so
<)> !Otherl: 0.65

n !Buckling!: 2.00

Q !otherl: 2.50 <)>

<1> !EOl: 0.65


!WINDl: 0.70

8.0
275
435
510
590
670
750
825
890
955
1020
1080

8.5
260
405
480
555
630
705
780
845
905
965
1025

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
11.5
11.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
9.0
190
245
220
210
200
230
385
355
370
430
410
390
455
410
475
450
430
525
500
465
510
485
595
565
535
545
520
630
600
570
665
700
575
735
665
630
605
765
725
630
805
690
660
785
750
720
685
820
860
920
875
840
770
740
800
975
820
785
930
890
855
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1605
1440
1300
1180
1075
985

13.0
195

450
510
570
635
695
755
815
925

430
490
550
610
670
725
785
890

1170

1080

9.0
280
450
535
625
710
795
880
955
1025
1095
1230

9.5
265

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
255
240
230
220
210
200

510
590
670
750
835
910
980
1045
1175

485
560
635
715
790
870
935
1000
1125

2260

2025

10.0
310
615
715
815
920
1020
1115
1200
1285
1365
1520

10.5
295
585
680
780
875
970
1065
1150
1230
1310
1460

2985

2710

11.0
330
680
795
910
1030
1145
1255
1355
1450
1545
1730

11.5
315
650
760
870
985
1095
1205
1300
1395
1490
1665

3475

3175

460
535
605
680
755
825
895
955
1080
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

440
420
405
510
485
465
580
555
530
650
620
595
720
690
660
790
755
725
855
820
785
915
880
845
1035
995
960
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1510
1380
1270

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
270
280
255
245
235
230
560
510
535
650
620
595
570
550
530
710
745
680
655
630
605
835
800
765
735
705
680
930
890
850
815
785
755
1020
975
935
900
865
830
1100
1060
1015
980
940
905
1180
1135
1090
1050
1015
980
1255
1210
1165
1120
1085
1045
1405
1355
1305
1260
1215
1175
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.5
12.0
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
275
300
290
265
260
250
620
700
730
675
650
625
605
800
770
835
745
715
690
905
870
945
840
810
780
1050
1010
970
935
900
870
1110
1070
1155
1030
990
955
1250
1205
1165
1125
1085
1045
1295
1345
1250
1205
1165
1130
1435
1385
1335
1290
1250
1210
1605
1550
1500
1450
1405
1360
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2920
2690
2485
2305
2145
2000

12.0
185
340
395
445
500
550
605
660
710
755

n !EOl: 2.50
Q

!WINDl: 2.35

K1
2.851
0.877
0.651
0.518
0.430
0.368
0.321
0.285
0.256
0.233
0.213

905

14.0
220
510
585
655
730
800
875
945
1010
1140

K1
3.140
0.966
0.718
0.571
0.474
0.405
0.354
0.314
0.282
0.256
0.217

K1
3.614
0.826
0.657
0.545
0.466
0.407
0.361
0.325
0.295
0.270
0.231

1520

15.0
240
585
670
755
840
925
1010
1095
1170
1320

K1
4.059
0.928
0.738
0.613
0.524
0.457
0.406
0.365
0.331
0.303
0.260

1865

' NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum (Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (factored Applied Load) <=Minimum I<)J (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, Q> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV60

September 2004

5.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64series 10.181' to 0.512" support steell


SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I It)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I It)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I ft)
1.295

IBUCklingJ: 0.80
<)> lotherl: 0.65

IBucklingJ: 2.00
Q IOtherl: 2.50

IEOI: 0.65
IWINDI: 0.70

8.0
270
430
510
590
670
745
825
890
955
1015
1075

8.5
255
405
480
555
630
705
780
840
905
965
1020

2035

1800

9.0
315
485
570
655
740
825
915
1000
1070
1145
1280

9.5
300

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
10.0
285
270
260
245
235
225

540
620
705
785
865
945
1020
1090
1225

515
590
670
745
820
900
975
1040
1170

2260

2025

10.0
385
690
790
890
995
1095
1195
1300
1390
1475
1640

10.5
365
655
750
850
945
1045
1140
1235
1330
1410
1575

2985

2710

11.0
780
895
1015
1130
1245
1365
1480
1595
1695
1895

11.5
410
745
860
970
1080
1195
1305
1415
1530
1630
1820

3475

3175

430

490
565
635
710
780
855
930
995
1120
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

465
445
430
515
490
535
605
580
555
675
645
620
715
745
685
815
750
780
885
850
815
915
875
955
1075
1035
995
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
1510
1380
1270

12.0
180
340
395
445
500
550
605
655
710
755

13.0
220
455
515
575
630
690
750
810
925

1170

1080

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.


SPAN, FT
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
12.0
395
380
365
350
340
325
715
790
760
730
705
680
820
860
825
795
770
930
890
920
995
955
855
1035
890
1015
1095
1055
980
945
1145
1200
1155
1110
1070
1035
1250
1255
1205
1165
1125
1305
1355
1350
1300
1255
1210
1465
1405
1395
1345
1510
1450
1300
1565
1630
1575
1520
1475
1750
1690
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2145
2690
2485
2305
2000
2920

K1
2.851
0.877
0.651
0.518
0.430
0.368
0.321
0.285
0.256
0.233
0.213

905

475
535
595
655
720
780
840
955

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
305
350
335
320
295
285
575
625
600
720
685
660
630
610
585
810
775
745
715
685
660
795
765
735
905
865
830
915
875
840
995
950
810
1040
995
960
920
885
1090
1130
1040
1180
1080
1000
960
1165
1275
1220
1120
1075
1035
1355
1300
1250
1200
1155
1115
1510
1450
1400
1345
1300
1255
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635

IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 2.55

<)>
<)>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
240
230
220
210
200
190
385
430
410
370
455
355
390
495
470
430
410
525
450
485
465
595
565
535
510
665
630
600
570
545
520
735
695
660
630
600
575
800
760
725
690
660
630
715
860
820
780
750
685
875
800
770
735
920
835
975
815
785
930
890
850
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
1605
1440
1300
1180
1075
985

I (in 4 I It)

0.714

<)>

14.0
275
565
635
710
780
855
930
1000
1075
1215

K1
3.140
0.966
0.718
0.571
0.474
0.405
0.354
0.314
0.282
0.256
0.217

K1
3.614
0.826
0.657
0.545
0.466
0.407
0.361
0.325
0.295
0.270
0.231

1520

15.0
315
660
745
830
915
1000
1085
1170
1255
1425

K1
4.059
0.928
0.738
0.613
0.524
0.457
0.406
0.365
0.331
0.303
0.260

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <=Minimum (Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling StrengthS, In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S,l
September 2004

AV-61

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K66-series 10.281" & thicker support steell
SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I II)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 I H)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I II)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I II)
1.295

<j>

!Buckling!: 0.80 Q !Buckling!: 2.00


<j> !Other!: 0.65
Q !Other!: 2.50

<j>

<1> !EOI: 0.65


Q IEOI: 2.50
!WINDI: 0.70 !2 !WIND!: 2.35

8.0
290
450
530
610
685
765
845
915
980
1040
1105

8.5
275
425
495
570
645
720
795
865
930
990
1050

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
11.5
10.5
11.0
9.0
9.5
10.0
200
210
245
235
220
260
400
370
470
445
425
405
385
440
425
510
465
540
485
480
500
610
580
550
525
535
645
615
585
555
680
590
710
615
750
675
645
645
740
705
670
820
780
730
700
765
840
880
800
785
755
895
855
820
940
835
800
870
1000
950
910
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
985
1605
1440
1180
1075
1300

13.0
220

475
540
600
660
725
785
845
965

460
520
575
635
695
755
815
930

1170

1080

9.0
320
490
575
660
750
835
920
1005
1080
1150
1290

9.5
305

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
290
275
260
250
240
230

545
630
710
790
870
950
1030
1095
1230

520
595
675
750
825
905
980
1050
1175

2260

2025

10.0
400
705
805
905
1010
1110
1210
1315
1410
1495
1665

10.5
380
670
765
865
960
1055
1155
1250
1345
1430
1595

2985

2710

11.0
475
825
940
1060
1175
1290
1410
1525
1640
1755
1960

11.5
455
790
900
1015
1125
1235
1350
1460
1570
1685
1880

3475

3175

495
570
640
715
785
860
935
1005
1130
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

470
450
435
540
520
495
610
585
560
680
650
625
750
720
690
785
755
820
890
855
815
960
920
880
1080
1040
1000
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
1510
1380
1270

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
345
360
330
320
305
295
640
610
585
730
700
670
645
620
595
825
790
755
725
695
670
915
875
840
805
775
745
1010
965
925
890
855
820
1100
1055
1010
970
930
900
1195
1140
1095
1050
1010
975
1285
1230
1180
1130
1090
1050
1370
1315
1265
1215
1165
1125
1470
1530
1415
1365
1315
1270
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
420
435
400
385
375
360
755
865
830
795
770
740
715
970
930
895
865
830
805
1080
1035
995
960
925
890
1185
1135
1095
1055
1015
980
1240
1290
1190
1150
1105
1070
1400
1345
1290
1245
1200
1155
1445
1505
1390
1340
1290
1245
1615
1550
1490
1435
1380
1335
1810
1745
1680
1625
1565
1510
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn). PLF
2920
2485
2690
2305
2145
2000

12.0
195
350
405
460
510
565
615
670
720
770

K1
2.851
0.877
0.651
0.518
0.430
0.368
0.321
0.285
0.256
0.233
0.213

905

14.0
285
575
650
720
795
865
940
1010
1085
1230

K1
3.140
0.966
0.718
0.571
0.474
0.405
0.354
0.314
0.282
0.256
0.217

K1
3.614
0.826
0.657
0.545
0.466
0.407
0.361
0.325
0.295
0.270
0.231

1520

15.0
350
690
775
860
950
1035
1120
1205
1290
1460

K1
4.059
0.928
0.738
0.613
0.524
0.457
0.406
0.365
0.331
0.303
0.260

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE liMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPlY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SlOE-LAP CONNECTIONS
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <=Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I !l (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn I Q (Buckling)]
.
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum I<P (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S,l

AV62

September 2004

3.0 DR SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 16.25" min. support steel!
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I II)
0.551

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 I II)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I II)
1.036

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I II)
1.295

<J>

!Bucklingl: 0.80
<J> lotherl: 0.65

!Bucklingl: 2.00
Q !Otherl: 2.50

<J>

<!> IEOI: 0.65


Q IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 0.70 n IWINDI: 2.35

8.0
255
415
490
570
650
730
800
865
930
990
1045

8.5
240
390
465
540
610
685
760
820
880
940
995

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN,FT
11.0
11.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
175
215
205
195
185
225
365
415
375
360
345
395
440
400
415
510
480
455
435
475
455
520
495
580
550
530
510
650
615
585
555
645
615
590
565
680
720
710
675
645
620
780
745
700
670
765
730
840
800
750
720
780
815
895
855
770
910
870
830
800
950
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
1075
985
1605
1440
1300
1180

9.0
265
440
525
610
695
780
865
935
1005
1075
1205

9.5
255

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
12.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
220
210
200
190
240
230

495
575
660
740
820
890
960
1025
1150

470
550
625
700
780
850
915
980
1105

2260

2025

10.0

300
605
710
810
910
1015
1105
1190
1275
1355
1510

10.5
285
575
675
770
870
965
1055
1140
1220
1300
1450

2985

2710

11.0
325
675
790
910
1025
1140
1250
1350
1445
1540
1725

11.5
310
645
755
870
980
1090
1200
1295
1390
1485
1660

3475

3175

450
520
595
670
740
815
875
940
1060
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

410
430
390
455
475
500
570
545
520
585
640
610
675
650
710
715
780
745
840
810
775
835
900
865
940
1015
980
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
1270
1510
1380

12.0
170

330
380
435
485
540
590
645
695
740
905

13.0
185

440
500
560
625
685
745
800
910

420
480
540
600
660
715
775
875

1170

1080

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
12.5
13.0
13.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
260
240
230
225
275
250
525
505
550
590
565
545
525
615
645
705
675
625
735
650
600
795
675
730
700
830
760
780
920
880
845
810
750
1010
970
930
890
860
825
1090
1010
970
935
1050
900
1125
1085
1045
1005
970
1170
1155
1115
1075
1040
1245
1200
1395
1250
1205
1170
1345
1295
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
1765
1910
1635
2465
2255
2075
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF I= design thickness = 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
255
295
285
275
265
245
620
670
645
620
725
600
695
715
740
830
800
770
690
865
835
805
775
940
900
930
895
865
1045
1005
965
1025
990
1155
1105
1065
955
1120
1080
1045
1245
1200
1160
1205
1165
1125
1245
1340
1290
1285
1245
1205
1330
1430
1380
1400
1355
1445
1600
1545
1495
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
2145
2485
2305
2000
2920
2690

K1
1.188
0.613
0.494
0.413
0.355
0.312
0.277
0.250
0.228
0.209
0.193

14.0
215

505
580
650
725
795
870
940
1005
1130

K1
1.309
0.675
0.544
0.455
0.391
0.343
0.306
0.275
0.251
0.230
0.197

K1
1.506
0.626
0.524
0.450
0.395
0.352
0.317
0.288
0.265
0245
0.212

1520

15.0
240

580
665
750
835
920
1010
1090
1170
1315

K1
1.691
0.703
0.588
0.506
0.444
0.395
0356
0.324
0.297
0.275
0.238

1865

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDELAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS.
NOTE: ASD Required Strenglll (Service Applied load)<: Minimum [Nominal Shear Strenglll/ il (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 I il (Buciling)l
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<: Minimum [cj> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strenglll, cj> (Buckling) x Nominal Buciling Strength S,J
September 2004

AV63

5.0 DR SUPPOifT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2K, 1-EDN19 or XEDNK22 10.125" to 0.575" support steell
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

FASTENER
LAYOUT

SIDELAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
I (in 4 I ft)
0.551

SIDELAP
CONN./SPAN
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
I (in 4 I ft)
0.714

SIDE-LAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4

24/4

5
6
7
8
9

10
11
13
I (in 4 I ft)
1.036

FASTENER
LAYOUT

24/4

SIDELAP
CONN./SPAN
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
I (in 4 I ft)
1.295

<j>

!BucklingI: 0.80
<j> IOtherl: 0.65

Q IBuckling I:
Q

2.00
Iother I: 2.50

lEO I: 0.65
!WIND I: 0.70

8.0
240
395
475
555
635
710
780
840
905
965
1020

8.5
225
375
450
525
595
670
735
800
860
915
970

2035

1800

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0295 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
9.0
10.5
9.5
10.0
165
180
175
210
200
190
355
345
330
425
400
380
365
425
405
385
495
470
445
440
485
460
565
535
510
545
520
495
635
600
570
700
605
575
550
665
635
760
725
690
660
635
605
715
820
780
745
685
655
875
835
765
735
705
800
925
885
815
780
750
850
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
1605
1440
1300
1180
1075
985

13.0
175

430
490
555
615
675
735
790
895

415
475
530
590
650
710
765
865

1170

1080

9.0
255
425
510
595
685
770
850
920
990
1055
1185

9.5
240

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0358 in.


SPAN, FT
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
230
220
210
200
190
185

485
565
645
730
810
875
945
1010
1135

460
540
615
690
770
835
900
965
1085

2260

2025

10.0
300
605
710
810
910
1015
1105
1190
1275
1355
1510

10.5
285
580
675
770
870
965
1055
1140
1220
1300
1450

2985

2710

11.0
340
690
810
925
1040
1160
1270
1370
1470
1565
1750

11.5
325
660
775
885
995
1110
1220
1320
1415
1505
1690

3475

3175

440
510
585
660
730
800
865
925
1045
NOMINAL SHEAR
1830
1660

420
400
385
490
470
450
560
535
510
630
575
600
700
670
640
770
735
705
830
795
765
890
855
820
1005
965
930
DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
1510
1380
1270

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0474 in.


SPAN, FT
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
275
260
250
240
230
225
550
525
505
645
615
590
565
545
525
735
705
675
650
625
600
795
830
760
730
700
675
920
845
880
810
780
750
1010
970
930
890
860
825
1090
1050
1010
970
935
900
1170
1125
1085
1045
1005
970
1250
1200
1155
1115
1075
1040
1395
1345
1295
1250
1210
1170
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (S 0 ), PLF
2465
2255
2075
1910
1765
1635
NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF t =design thickness= 0.0598 in.
SPAN, FT
12.5
12.0
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
315
300
290
280
270
260
635
740
710
685
660
635
615
845
815
780
755
725
700
955
915
880
850
820
790
1060
1020
980
945
910
880
1170
1120
1080
1040
1000
965
1270
1220
1175
1135
1095
1055
1360
1310
1265
1220
1180
1145
1450
1400
1350
1305
1265
1225
1625
1570
1515
1470
1420
1375
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING JS 0 ), PLF
2920
2485
2690
2305
2145
2000

12.0
160
315
370
425
475
530
580
630
680
725

lEOI: 2.50
!WIND I: 2.35

<1>
<1>

K1
1.188
0.613
0.494
0.413
0.355
0.312
0.277
0.250
0.228
0.209
0.193

905

14.0
215
505
580
650
725
795
870
940
1005
1130

K1
1.309
0.675
0.544
0.455
0.391
0.343
0.306
0.275
0.251
0.230
0.197

K1
1.506
0.626
0.524
0.450
0.395
0.352
0.317
0.288
0.265
0.245
0.212

1520

15.0
250
590
680
765
850
935
1020
1105
1185
1335

K1
1.691
0.703
0.588
0.506
0.444
0.395
0.356
0.324
0.297
0.275
0.238

1865

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING.


THE SHADED VALUES DO NOT COMPLY WITH THE MINIMUM SPACING REQUIREMENTS FOR SIDE-LAP CONNECTIONS AND SHALL NOT BE USED EXCEPT WITH PROPERLY SPACED SIDELAP CONNECTIONS
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling)]

LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum 1$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, q> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

AV64

September 2004

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 16 gauge weld washer w/ 3/8" holeE70
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"

NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"

LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

<!>

IEOI: 0.55

<j> IWINDI: 0.70


<j> IOtherl: 0.60

1.0

1.5

1980
2095
2190
2270
2335
1820
1910
1985
2045
2095
1295
1360
1410
1450
1480
1880
2005
2115
2205
2285
1380
1475
1550
1605
1655
1115
1185
1235
1270
1300
6680
7000
7320
7640
7960
5015
5335
5655
5975
6295
2220
2540
2860
3180
3500
2490
2810
3130
3450
3770

1540
1660
1770
1870
1960
1455
1560
1655
1735
1805
1070
1155
1225
1280
1330
1435
1565
1685
1795
1890
1095
1200
1295
1375
1440
915
1000
1070
1130
1175
6090
6300
6515
6730
6940
4425
4635
4850
5065
5275
1630
1845
2055
2270
2485
1900
2110
2325
2540
2750

n IEOI: 3.00
n IWINDI: 2.35
n IOtherl: 2.65

<!>

!FILLED, EOI: 0.50


n !FILLED, EOI: 3.25
0.50 n !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
0.50 n !FILLED, Otherl: 3.25

<j> !FILLED, WINDI:


<j> !FILLED, otherl:

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.0
2.5
3.0
1235
1350
1455
1555
1645
1185
1290
1385
1470
1550
890
980
1055
1120
1180
1140
1260
1370
1475
1575
885
990
1085
1170
1245
755
845
925
990
1045
5790
5950
6110
6270
6430
4130
4290
4450
4610
4770
1335
1495
1655
1815
1975
1605
1765
1925
2085
2245

1025 *
1125 *
1220 *
1315 *
1400 *
990 *
1085 *
1175 *
1260 *
1340 *
750
840 *
915 *
985 *
1045 *
940 *
1045 *
1145 *
1240 *
1335 *
735
835 *
925 *
1005 *
1080 *
635
725
800
870 *
930 *
5615
5740
5870
6000
6125
3950
4080
4205
4335
4460
1155
1285
1415
1540
1670
1425
1555
1680
1810
1935

*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

3.5

4.0

755 *
835 *
915 *
990 *
1065 *
735 *
815 *
890 *
965 *
1035 *
565 *
640 *
710 *
775 *
835 *
690 *
770 *
850 *
930 *
1005 *
545 *
625 *
700 *
775 *
840 *
480 *
555 *
620 *
685 *
745 *
5410
5505
5595
5685
5775
3750
3840
3930
4020
4115
955
1045
1135
1230
1320
1225
1315
1405
1495
1590

870 *
960 *
1050 *
1130 *
1215 *
845 *
935 *
1015 *
1095 *
1170 *
650 *
730 *
800 *
870 *
930 *
795 *
890 *
980 *
1065 *
1150 *
630 *
715 *
800 *
875 *
950 *
545
630 *
700 *
770 *
830 *
5495
5605
5710
5815
5925
3830
3940
4045
4150
4260
1040
1145
1250
1360
1465
1305
1415
1520
1625
1735

665 *
740 *
810 *
880 *
950 *
650 *
725 *
790 *
860 *
925 *
505 *
570 *
635 *
695 *
755 *
605 *
680 *
755 *
825 *
895 *
485 *
555 *
625 *
690 *
755 *
425 *
490 *
555 *
615 *
675 *
5350
5430
5510
5590
5670
3685
3765
3845
3925
4005
890
970
1050
1130
1210
1160
1240
1320
1400
1480

K1
0.311
0.248
0.207
0.177
0.155
0.331
0.261
0.216
0.184
0.160
0.452
0.331
0.261
0.215
0.183
0.414
0.322
0.263
0.222
0.193
0.552
0.399
0.313
0.257
0.218
0.621
0.434
0.334
0.271
0.228
0.621
0.434
0.334
0.271
0.228
0.621
0.434
0.334
0.271
0.228
0.621
0.434
0.334
0.271
0.228
0.621
0.434
0.334
0.271
0.228

' NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<P IBucklingl:

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in4 /H

1.0

0.011

4465

o.ao

Q IBUcklingl: 2.00

NOMINAl SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 1.5 I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I

1985

1115

715

495

365

4.0
275

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum I <I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 J
September 2004

AV65

<!> IEOI: 0.55


<!> !WINDI: 0.70
<j> !Other!: 0.60

9/16" X2112" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 16 gauge weld washer W/ 3/8" holeE70
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"

NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"

LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.5

2.0

1995
2140
2275
2395
2505
1885
2010
2125
2225
2310
1385
1490
1575
1645
1705
1855
2015
2160
2295
2410
1415
1545
1660
1755
1840
1185
1290
1375
1445
1505
6435
6695
6950
7205
7460
4775
5030
5285
5540
5795
1980
2235
2490
2750
3005
2250
2505
2760
3015
3270

1600
1735 *
1865 *
1985.
2100 *
1535
1660
1775 *
1880 *
1975 *
1150
1260
1355
1435
1505
1475
1620
1755 *
1885 *
2005 *
1145
1275
1390
1490
1585
980
1090
1185
1265
1335
6055
6245
6440
6630
6820
4390
4580
4775
4965
5160
1595
1790
1980
2175
2365
1865
2055
2250
2440
2635

Q IEOI: 3.00
Q !WINDI: 2.35
Q !Other!: 2.65

<j> !FillED, EOI:


<j> !FILLED, WIND!:
<j> !FILLED, otherl:

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.5
3.0
3.5
1325 *
1445 *
1565 *
1675 *
1785 *
1280 *
1395 *
1505 *
1610 *
1705 *
975
1075 *
1170 *
1255 *
1335 *
1215 *
1345.
1465.
1580 *
1695 *
955
1070 *
1180 *
1280.
1375 *
825
930
1025
1110 *
1185 *
5825
5975
6130
6285
6440
4160
4315
4465
4620
4775
1365
1520
1675
1830
1980
1635
1790
1940
2095
2250

4.0

975.
1075 *
1170 *
1260 *
1350 *
955 *
1050 *
1140 *
1225 *
1310 *
735 *
825 *
905 *
985 *
1060 *
890 *
990.
1090.
1185 *
1275 *
705 *
800 *
895 *
980 *
1065 *
620.
710 *
795.
870 *
945.

1125 *
1235.
1340 *
1445 *
1540 *
1095 *
1200 *
1300 *
1395 *
1485 *
840 *
935 *
1025 *
1110 *
1185.
1030 *
1140 *
1250.
1355 *
1460 *
815 *
920 *
1020 *
1115
1200.
710
805.
895.
980 *
1055 *
5670
5800
5925
6055
6185
4005
4135
4265
4390
4520
1215
1340
1470
1600
1725
1480
1610
1740
1865
1995

0.50
n !FillED, EOI: 3.25
0.50 Q !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
0.50 Q !FILLED, otherl: 3.25

5560
5670
5780
5890
6000
3895
4005
4115
4225
4335
1105
1215
1325
1435
1545
1370
1480
1590
1700
1810

K1

4.5
770.
850.
930.
1005.
1080.
755.
835.
910.
985.
1055.
585.
660.
730.
800.
870.
695.
780.
860 *
940 *
1015

860.
950 *
1035 *
1120 *
1200 *
845.
930.
1010 *
1095 *
1170
650 *
735.
810.
885.
955 *
785.
875.
960 *
1050 *
1130 *
625 *
710 *
795.
875 *
950.
550.
630 *
710 *
785.
850.
5480
5575
5670
5765
5865
3815
3910
4005
4105
4200
1020
1120
1215
1310
1405
1290
1385
1480
1580
1675

555 *
635.
715.
785 *
860.
490.
570.
640.
710.
775 *
5415
5500
5585
5670
5755
3750
3835
3920
4005
4095
960
1045
1130
1215
1300
1225
1310
1395
1480
1570

0.340
0.272
0.226
0.194
0.170
0.363
0.286
0.236
0.201
0.175
0.495
0.363
0.286
0.236
0.201
0.454
0.353
0.288
0.244
0.211
0.605
0.437
0.343
0.281
0.239
0.681
0.476
0.366
0.297
0.250
0.681
0.476
0.366
0.297
0.250
0.681
0.476
0.366
0.297
0.250
0.681
0.476
0.366
0.297
0.250
0.681
0.476
0.366
0.297
0.250

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
<1>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

in4f ft

1.5

0.013

2580
..

n !Buckling!: 2.00

!Buckllngl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 2.5
I 3.0
I 2.0
I 3.5 I 4.0 I

1450

930

645

470

360

4.5
285

NOTE: ASD Requrred Strength (Servrce Applied Load) <= Mmrmum !Nommal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nommal Buckling Strength s 1 n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<!> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <!> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kllng Strength s.J

AV66

September 2004

IEOI: 0.55
Q IEOI: 3.00
IWINDI: 0.70 Q IWINDI: 2.35
<1> lotherl: 0.60
n IOtherl: 2.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0239"
SUPPORT FASTENING: 16 gauge weld washer W/ 3/8" holeE10
SIDE lAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

<j>

<j>

<!> !FILLED, EOI: 0.50


n !FILLED, EOI: 3.25
!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50 Q !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
<1> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50
n !FILLED, Otherl: 3.25

<j>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.0
2445
2625
2800
2965
3120
2345
2510
2665
2810
2945
1760
1905
2030
2145
2250
2255
2450
2630
2805
2970
1750
1920
2080
2220
2350
1495
1640
1775
1885
1990
6660
6915
7175
7430
7685
4995
5250
5510
5765
6020
2200
2460
2715
2970
3230
2470
2725
2985
3240
3495

2.5
*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

3.5

3.0
1720 *
1865 *
2005 *
2145 *
2280 *
1675 *
1815 *
1945 *
2075 *
2200 *
1280 *
1410 *
1530 *
1645 *
1750 *
1575 *
1725 *
1870 *
2010 *
2150 *
1245 *
1385 *
1520 *
1645 *
1770 *
1080
1215 *
1335 *
1450 *
1555 *
6075
6245
6415
6590
6760
4410
4580
4755
4925
5095
1615
1790
1960
2130
2300
1885
2055
2230
2400
2570

2025 *
2185 *
2345 *
2495 *
2645 *
1960 *
2110 *
2260 *
2400 *
2530 *
1490
1625 *
1755 *
1870 *
1980 *
1855 *
2025 *
2190 *
2350 *
2500 *
1455
1615 *
1760 *
1900 *
2025 *
1260
1400
1530
1645 *
1750 *
6310
6515
6720
6925
7130
4645
4850
5055
5260
5465
1850
2055
2260
2465
2670
2120
2325
2530
2735
2940

4.0

1490 *
1620 *
1750 *
1875 *
1995 *
1460 *
1585 *
1705 *
1825 *
1940 *
1120 *
1240 *
1355 *
1460 *
1560 *
1365 *
1495 *
1625 *
1755 *
1880 *
1080 *
1210 *
1330 *
1450 *
1560 *
945 *
1065 *
1180 *
1285 *
1385 *
5905
6055
6200
6345
6495
4245
4390
4535
4685
4830
1450
1595
1745
1890
2035
1720
1865
2010
2160
2305

4.5

1315 *
1435 *
1550 *
1660 *
1775 *
1290 *
1405 *
1515 *
1625 *
1730 *
995 *
1105 *
1210 *
1310 *
1405 *
1200 *
1320 *
1435 *
1550 *
1665 *
955 *
1070 *
1180 *
1290 *
1395 *
840 *
950 *
1055 *
1155 *
1250 *
5780
5910
6040
6165
6295
4120
4245
4375
4505
4630
1325
1455
1580
1710
1840
1595
1720
1850
1980
2105

5.0

1175 *
1280 *
1385 *
1490 *
1590 *
1155 *
1260 *
1360 *
1460 *
1560 *
895 *
995 *
1090 *
1185 *
1275 *
1070 *
1180 *
1285 *
1390 *
1495 *
855 *
960 *
1060 *
1160 *
1255 *
750 *
855 *
950 *
1045 *
1135 *
5685
5800
5910
6025
6140
4020
4135
4250
4365
4475
1225
1340
1455
1570
1685
1495
1610
1725
1840
1950

1060 *
1160 *
1255 *
1350 *
1445 *
1045 *
1140 *
1235 *
1325 *
1415 *
810 *
905 *
995 *
1080 *
1165 *
960 *
1060 *
1165 *
1260 *
1355 *
765 *
870 *
960 *
1055 *
1145 *
680 *
775 *
865 *
950 *
1035 *
5605
5710
5810
5915
6015
3945
4045
4150
4250
4355
1150
1250
1355
1455
1560
1420
1520
1625
1725
1830

K1
0.393
0.314
0.262
0.224
0.196
0.420
0.331
0.273
0.232
0.202
0.572
0.419
0.330
0.273
0.232
0.524
0.407
0.333
0.282
0.244
0.699
0.506
0.396
0.325
0.276
0.787
0.550
0.422
0.343
0.289
0.787
0.550
0.422
0.343
0.289
0.787
0.550
0.422
0.343
0.289
0.787
0.550
0.422
0.343
0.289
0.787
0.550
0.422
0.343
0.289

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH. OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<j>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

IBUtklingJ: 0.80

IButkllngl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

I
in4 /H

2.0

0.017

2205

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

1410

980

720

550

435

350

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strengths. I u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [ljl (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <!> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 )
September 2004

AV67

lEO): 0.65
IWIND): 0.70
<J> lotller): 0.65

9/16" I 21/2'' FORM DECK

<j>

t =design thickness =0.0149"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.0
1080
1185
1260
1320
1365
990
1075
1130
1175
1205
705
765
800
825
840
1025
1145
1230
1295
1345
755
840
895
930
955
610
670
705
725
740
5870
6190
6510
6830
7150
4205
4525
4845
5165
5485
1415
1735
2055
2375
2695
1680
2000
2320
2640
2960

<j>

Q lEO): 2.50
Q IWIND): 2.35

<j> !FillED, EO):


<j> !FILLED, WIND):
<j> !FillED, other):

n !other): 2.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.0
2.5
3.0

1.5

840
955
1050
1130
1195
790
890
970
1035
1085
585
660
715
755
785
780
910
1015
1100
1170
595
700
775
830
870
500
580
630
670
695
5550
5760
5975
6190
6400
3885
4100
4310
4525
4740
1090
1305
1520
1730
1945
1360
1575
1785
2000
2215

675
785
880
965
1035
645
745
830
900
960
485
570
635
680
720
620
740
840
930
1005
480
585
665
730
785
410
495
560
605
640
5390
5550
5710
5870
6030
3725
3885
4045
4205
4365
930
1090
1250
1410
1570
1200
1360
1520
1680
1840

475
565
645.
725 *
795 *
460
545
625.
695.
755.
355
430
495
555
600.
435
525
610.
690 *
765 *
340
430
505
570 *
630 *
300
375
440
495
540
5225
5335
5440
5545
5655
3565
3670
3775
3885
3990
770
875
985
1090
1195
1040
1145
1250
1360
1465

555
655
750
830.
905.
540
630
715
790
850.
410
490
560
615
660
510
615
710
795
875 *
400
495
575
645
700
345
430
495
550
590
5290
5420
5545
5675
5805
3625
3755
3885
4010
4140
835
960
1090
1220
1345
1100
1230
1360
1485
1615

0.50
0.50
0.50

Q !FILLED, EO): 3.25


Q !FILLED, WIND): 3.25

n !FILLED, other): 3.25

3.5

4.0

410
490.
565.
640.
705.
400
480.
550 *
615 *
680 *
310
380
445 *
500.
550 *
375
455 *
535 *
610 *
680 *
300
375
445 *
510 *
565 *
260
335
395
450 *
495 *
5180
5270
5365
5455
5545
3515
3610
3700
3790
3880
725
815
905
1000
1090
990
1085
1175
1265
1355

360.
435.
505.
570.
635.
355.
425.
490.
555.
610.
275
340.
400.
455 *
505 *
330 *
405 *
475.
540 *
605.
265
335.
400 *
460 *
515 *
230
300
355 *
410 *
455 *
5145
5225
5305
5385
5465
3480
3560
3640
3720
3800
690
770
850
930
1010
955
1035
1115
1195
1275

K1
0.351
0.273
0.224
0.189
0.164
0.374
0.287
0.233
0.196
0.169
0.511
0.361
0.280
0.228
0.192
0.468
0.353
0.284
0.237
0.204
0.624
0.435
0.334
0.271
0.228
0.702
0.472
0.356
0.285
0.238
0.702
0.472
0.356
0.285
0.238
0.702
0.472
0.356
0.285
0.238
0.702
0.472
0.356
0.285
0.238
0.702
0.472
0.356
0.285
0.238

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
<1> IBuclling):
Q IBUCkllng): 2.00

o.ao

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

in4f ft
0.011

1.0
4465

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 1.5
I 2.0
I 2.5
I 3.0 I 3.5 I

1985

1115

715

495

365

4.0

275

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength S0 In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum I<P (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 J

AV68

September 2004

IEOI: 0.65
Q IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 0.70 Q IWINDI: 2.35
<)> IOtherl: 0.65 Q IOtherl: 2.50

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

<)>

<)>

1.5

2.0

1105
1245
1365
1465
1545
1045
1165
1265
1340
1405
770
865
930
980
1020
1030
1185
1310
1420
1510
785
910
1005
1075
1130
655
755
820
870
905
5755
6010
6265
6520
6780
4090
4345
4600
4860
5115
1295
1550
1810
2065
2320
1565
1820
2075
2335
2590

885
1020
1140
1245
1335
850
970
1075
1165
1240
640
740
820
885
935
820
960
1085
1195
1295
635
755
860
940
1010
540
645
725
785
830
5540
5735
5925
6115
6310
3875
4070
4260
4455
4645
1085
1275
1470
1660
1850
1350
1545
1735
1930
2120

!FILLED, EOI: 0.50


Q !FILLED, EOI: 3.25
!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50 n !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
<)> !FILLED, Otherl: 0.50 n !FILLED, Otherl: 3.25
<)>

<)>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.5
3.0
3.5

735
855
965
1065 *
1160 *
710
825
925
1015
1095 *
540
640
720
790
850
675
800
915
1020
1115 *
530
640
740
825
900
455
560
640
705
760
5415
5565
5720
5875
6030
3750
3905
4055
4210
4365
955
1110
1265
1420
1570
1225
1380
1530
1685
1840

625
730
835 *
925 *
1015 *
605
710
805 *
890 *
970 *
465
560
640
710
770 *
570
680
785 *
885 *
975 *
450
555
645
730
805 *
390
485
570
635
695
5330
5455
5585
5715
5840
3665
3795
3920
4050
4175
870
1000
1130
1255
1385
1140
1270
1395
1525
1650

4.0

4.5

425 *
505 *
580 *
655 *
730 *
420 *
495 *
570 *
640 *
710 *
325
400 *
465 *
530 *
590 *
385 *
470 *
545 *
620 *
695 *
310
385 *
460 *
530 *
595 *
275
345 *
415 *
480 *
535 *
5185
5275
5360
5445
5530
3525
3610
3695
3780
3865
730
815
900
985
1070
1000
1085
1170
1255
1340

475 *
565 *
650 *
730 *
805 *
470 *
550 *
630 *
710 *
780 *
360
440 *
515 *
580 *
640 *
435 *
525 *
610 *
690 *
770 *
345
430 *
510 *
585 *
655 *
305
385
455 *
525 *
580 *
5225
5320
5415
5510
5605
3560
3655
3750
3845
3945
765
860
960
1055
1150
1035
1130
1225
1320
1420

540
640 *
730 *
815 *
900 *
530
620 *
710 *
790 *
865 *
405
495
570 *
640 *
700 *
495
595 *
685 *
775 *
860 *
390
485
570 *
650 *
720 *
345
430
510
575 *
635 *
5270
5380
5490
5600
5705
3605
3715
3825
3935
4045
810
920
1030
1140
1250
1080
1190
1300
1410
1520

K1

0.385
0.300
0.245
0.208
0.180
0.410
0.315
0.255
0.215
0.185
0.560
0.396
0.306
0.250
0.211
0.513
0.387
0.311
0.260
0.223
0.684
0.477
0.366
0.297
0.250
0.770
0.517
0.390
0.313
0.261
0.770
0.517
0.390
0.313
0.261
0.770
0.517
0.390
0.313
0.261
0.770
0.517
0.390
0.313
0.261
0.770
0.517
0.390
0.313
0.261

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, Of THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<)>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

in4 I ft
0.013

1.5

2580

IBucklingl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I 4.0 I

1450

930

645

470

360

4.5

285

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <: Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<: Minimum !<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV69

9/16" 1 21/2" FORM DECK


t = design thickness =0.0239"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex or Elco Textron #12 or #14 TEKS screws
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

( ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

!EOJ: 0.65

!2 !EOJ: 2.50

<j> !WINDJ: 0.70

Q !WINDJ: 2.35

!otherl: 0.65

n !otherl: 2.50

<1>

<1>

!FILLED, EOJ: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDJ: 0.50
<1> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50

n !FILLED, EOJ: 3.25

<1>

<1>

2 !FILLED, WINDJ: 3.25

n !FILLED, otherl: 3.25

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

K1

1365
1545
1710
1855
1985
1310
1475
1615
1740
1850
985
1120
1235
1325
1400
1260
1450
1625
1780
1915
980
1145
1285
1405
1505
835
975
1090
1175
1245
5885
6145
6400
6655
6915
4225
4480
4735
4990
5250
1430
1685
1945
2200
2455
1700
1955
2210
2465
2725

1130
1295
1445
1585
1710 *
1095
1245
1385
1510
1620 *
835
965
1080
1180
1265
1040
1205
1365
1510
1645 *
815
970
1105
1225
1330
705
840
955
1050
1130
5690
5895
6100
6305
6510
4025
4230
4435
4640
4845
1235
1440
1645
1850
2055
1500
1705
1910
2115
2320

960
1105
1245 *
1375 *
1495 *
935
1075
1200 *
1320 *
1430 *
715
845
955
1055
1140 *
880
1030
1170 *
1305 *
1430 *
695
835
960
1075
1180 *
605
735
845
940
1025
5560
5730
5900
6070
6245
3895
4065
4235
4410
4580
1100
1275
1445
1615
1785
1370
1540
1710
1885
2055

835 *
965 *
1090 *
1205 *
1320 *
815
940 *
1060 *
1170 *
1275 *
630
745
850 *
945 *
1035 *
760
895 *
1020 *
1145 *
1260 *
605
730
845 *
955 *
1055 *
530
645
755
845 *
930 *
5465
5610
5760
5905
6050
3800
3950
4095
4240
4390
1010
1155
1300
1450
1595
1275
1425
1570
1715
1865

735 *
855 *
965 *
1075 *
1180 *
720 *
835 *
945 *
1045 *
1145 *
555
665 *
765 *
855 *
940 *
670 *
790 *
905 *
1015 *
1125 *
535
650 *
755 *
855 *
950 *
470
575
675 *
765 *
850 *
5395
5525
5650
5780
5910
3730
3860
3990
4115
4245
940
1065
1195
1325
1450
1205
1335
1465
1590
1720

660 *
765 *
865 *
965 *
1065 *
645 *
750 *
850 *
945 *
1035 *
500 *
600 *
690 *
780 *
860 *
595 *
705 *
810 *
915 *
1010 *
475
580 *
680 *
775 *
865 *
420
520 *
615 *
700 *
780 *
5340
5455
5570
5685
5795
3675
3790
3905
4020
4135
885
1000
1110
1225
1340
1150
1265
1380
1495
1610

590 *
690 *
785 *
880 *
970 *
585 *
680 *
770 *
860 *
945 *
455 *
545 *
630 *
715 *
790 *
535 *
640 *
735 *
830 *
920 *
430 *
525 *
620 *
705 *
790 *
380
475 *
560 *
640 *
715 *
5295
5400
5500
5605
5710
3635
3735
3840
3940
4045
840
945
1045
1150
1250
1110
1210
1315
1415
1520

0.445
0.346
0.283
0.240
0.208
0.474
0.364
0.295
0.248
0.214
0.647
0.458
0.354
0.289
0.244
0.593
0.447
0.359
0.300
0.258
0.791
0.552
0.423
0.344
0.289
0.890
0.598
0.450
0.361
0.301
0.890
0.598
0.450
0.361
0.301
0.890
0.598
0.450
0.361
0.301
0.890
0.598
0.450
0.361
0.301
0.890
0.598
0.450
0.361
0.301

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<1>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

IBUCkllngJ: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

in 4 I fl
0.017

IBucklingJ: o.ao

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.5

980

720

1410

4.0

2205

550

435

..

1
I

5.0
350

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Serv~ce Applied Load)<= M1mmum [Nommal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling StrengthS 1u (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [<!J (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, tjl (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV70

September 2004

IEOJ: 0.65
IWINDJ: 0.70
<1> IOtherJ: 0.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex Bx-12
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

<1>

<1>

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.0

1.5

980
1085
1160
1215
1255
905
985
1040
1080
1105
645
700
735
755
770
930
1050
1135
1195
1240
685
770
820
855
875
555
610
645
665
675
5785
6105
6425
6745
7065
4120
4440
4760
5080
5400
1325
1645
1965
2285
2605
1595
1915
2235
2555
2875

765
880
970
1045
1105
720
820
895
955
1000
530
605
660
695
720
710
835
940
1020
1085
540
645
715
765
805
455
530
585
615
640
5490
5705
5920
6130
6345
3825
4040
4255
4465
4680
1035
1245
1460
1675
1885
1300
1515
1730
1940
2155

Q IEOJ: 2.50
Q IWINDJ: 2.55

!FILLED, EOJ: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDJ: 0.50
n lotherl: 2.50 <1> !FILLED, otberJ: 0.50
<1>

<1>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.0
2.5
3.0

610
720
815
900
965
590
685
770
835
895
440
525
585
630
665
565
680
780
870
940
440
540
620
680
730
375
460
520
565
595
5345
5505
5665
5825
5985
3680
3840
4000
4160
4320
885
1045
1205
1365
1525
1155
1315
1475
1635
1795

430
520
605 *
680 *
750 *
420
505
580 *
650 *
710 *
320
400
465
515
560
395
485
570.
650 *
720 *
310
395
470
535
590 *
270
350
415
465
505
5200
5305
5410
5520
5625
3535
3640
3745
3855
3960
740
845
955
1060
1165
1010
1115
1220
1330
1435

505
605
695
775
845 *
490
585
665
735
795
375
455
520
570
615
465
570
665
745
820 *
365
460
535
605
655
315
400
460
510
550
5255
5385
5510
5640
5770
3595
3720
3850
3975
4105
800
925
1055
1185
1310
1070
1195
1325
1450
1580

3.5

375
455 *
530 *
600 *
665 *
365
440 *
515.
580 *
640.
280
355
415
470.
515 *
340
425.
500.
575.
640.
270
350
420.
480 *
535.
235
310
370
425 *
465 *
5155
5245
5340
5430
5520
3490
3585
3675
3765
3860
700
790
880
975
1065
965
1060
1150
1240
1335

n !FILLED, EOJ: 5.25


n !FILLED, WINDJ: 5.25
n !FILLED, Otherl: 5.25

4.0

330.
400.
470 *
535.
600.
325 *
395.
460 *
520.
575.
250
315
375.
425.
475 *
300
375.
445 *
510 *
575 *
240
310
375 *
435 *
485 *
210
275
335 *
385 *
430 *
5125
5205
5285
5365
5445
3460
3540
3620
3700
3780
665
745
825
905
985
935
1015
1095
1175
1255

K1

0.675
0.436
0.322
0.256
0.212
0.720
0.455
0.332
0.262
0.216
0.982
0.547
0.379
0.290
0.235
0.900
0.554
0.400
0.313
0.257
1.200
0.655
0.450
0.343
0.277
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284

* NOMINAl SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE liMITED BY SHEAR BUCKliNG. SEE TABlE BElOW.
WHEN FillED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, DR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VAlUES
SHOWN IN THE TABlE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<1>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in4 I ft
0.011

1.0

IBUiingJ: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 1.5 I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I

4.0

I
I
I
I
I 365 I 275
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Serv1ce Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I u (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. I u (Buckling)]
4465

1985

1115

715

lRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum lei> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength,
September 2004

AV71

495

<I>

(Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl

!EQI: 0.65
!WIND!: 0.70
<1> !Otherl: 0.65

9/16" I 2112" FORM DECK


t design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-12
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<J>

TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

<J>

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.5

!FILLED, EQl: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDl: 0.50
<1> !FILLED, Otherl: 0.50

795
925
1040
1145
1230
760
880
980
1065
1135
570
670
750
805
850
730
870
995
1100
1195
570
690
785
865
925
485
590
665
720
760
5475
5665
5860
6050
6245
3810
4005
4195
4385
4580
1015
1210
1400
1595
1785
1285
1480
1670
1860
2055

655
775
885
985
1070
635
750
845
935
1010
485
580
660
725
780
605
730
840
945
1035
475
585
680
765
830
410
510
590
650
700
5360
5515
5670
5820
5975
3695
3850
4005
4160
4310
905
1055
1210
1365
1520
1170
1325
1480
1635
1785

485
580 *
670 *
760 *
840 *
475
565 *
650 *
730 *
805 *
365
450
525
595 *
650 *
440
540
635 *
720 *
805 *
350
445
530
605 *
675 *
305
395
470
535
590 *
5230
5340
5450
5560
5670
3565
3675
3785
3895
4005
775
885
995
1100
1210
1040
1150
1260
1370
1480

560
665
765 *
860 *
945 *
545
645
740 *
825 *
900 *
415
510
590
655
710
510
620
725
820 *
910 *
405
505
595
675
745 *
350
445
525
590
640
5285
5410
5540
5670
5795
3620
3750
3875
4005
4135
825
955
1085
1210
1340
1095
1225
1350
1480
1610

n !FILLED, EOl: 3.25

<J>

<J>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.5
3.0
3.5

2.0

990
1130
1245
1335
1415
935
1055
1150
1220
1280
685
780
845
890
925
920
1075
1200
1300
1385
700
825
915
980
1030
585
685
745
790
820
5665
5920
6175
6435
6690
4000
4255
4515
4770
5025
1205
1465
1720
1975
2230
1475
1730
1990
2245
2500

!EQI: 2.50
!WIND!: 2.35
n !otherl: 2.50
Q

!FILLED, WINDl: 3.25

n !FILLED, Other!: 3.25

4.0

4.5

K1

425 *
515 *
595 *
675 *
750 *
420 *
505 *
580 *
655 *
725 *
325
405
475 *
540 *
595 *
390
480 *
565 *
645 *
720 *
310
395
475 *
545 *
610 *
270
350
425 *
485 *
540 *
5190
5285
5380
5480
5575
3525
3620
3720
3815
3910
730
830
925
1020
1115
1000
1095
1195
1290
1385

380 *
460 *
535 *
610 *
680 *
375 *
450 *
525 *
595 *
660 *
290
365 *
430 *
495 *
550 *
345 *
430 *
505 *
580 *
650 *
275
355 *
425 *
495 *
560 *
245
320
385 *
445 *
500 *
5160
5245
5330
5415
5500
3495
3580
3665
3750
3835
700
785
870
955
1040
970
1055
1140
1225
1310

0.740
0.478
0.353
0.280
0.232
0.789
0.499
0.364
0.287
0.237
1.077
0.600
0.415
0.318
0.257
0.987
0.607
0.439
0.343
0.282
1.316
0.718
0.493
0.376
0.304
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.38
0.312

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<1>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in 4 /ft

1.5

0.013

2580
..

!Buckling!: o.ao

n !Buckling!: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


3.5
I 2.0
I 2.5
I 3.0 l
I 4.0 I

1450

930

645

470

360

4.5

285

NOTE: ASD Requ~red Strength (Serv1ce Applied Load)<= Mrn1mum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nom mal Buckling Strengths 1 n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum 14> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, $ (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV72

September 2004

IEOJ: 0.65
IWINDJ: 0.70
<1> IOtherJ: 0.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness = 0.0239"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BK-12
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<!>

<)>

OF

FASTENER

SIOELAP

FILL

LAYOUT

CONN./SPAN

2.0

2.5

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1185
1360
1520
1660
1780
1135
1295
1435
1555
1655
850
990
1095
1180
1245
1090
1280
1450
1595
1725
850
1010
1145
1255
1345
725
865
970
1050
1110
5755
6010
6270
6525
6780
4090
4345
4605
4860
5115
1300
1555
1810
2065
2325
1565
1820
2080
2335
2590

980
1140
1290
1425
1545
950
1100
1235
1355
1460
720
855
965
1055
1135
900
1065
1220
1360
1490
705
860
990
1105
1200
610
745
855
945
1015
5585
5790
5995
6200
6405
3920
4125
4330
4535
4740
1130
1335
1540
1745
1950
1395
1600
1805
2010
2215

35/8

35/7

35/5
FILL

(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

!FILLED, EOJ: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDJ: 0.50
<1> !FILLED, other!: 0.50
<!>

<)>

n !FILLED, EOJ: 3.25


n !FILLED, WINDJ: 3.25
n !FILLED, other!: 3.25

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF

TYPE

NO

n IEOJ: 2.50
n IWINDJ: 2.35
n lotherJ: 2.50

30/4

INSUL. FILL

SPAN,

FT

3.5

3.0

4.0

4.5

640 *
755 *
865 *
975 *
1075 *
625
735 *
845 *
945 *
1040 *
485
590
685 *
775 *
855 *
580
700 *
815 *
925 *
1030 *
465
575
680 *
780.
870.
405
515
610
700 *
775 *
5330
5460
5585
5715
5845
3665
3795
3920
4050
4180
870
1000
1130
1255
1385
1140
1270
1395
1525
1655

725
850 *
975 *
1090 *
1200 *
705
830 *
945 *
1055 *
1155 *
545
660
765
855 *
935 *
660
790
920 *
1035 *
1150 *
525
650
765
870 *
965 *
460
575
680
770
845 *
5390
5535
5685
5830
5975
3725
3875
4020
4165
4315
935
1080
1225
1375
1520
1200
1350
1495
1640
1790

835
975
1110
1240 *
1355 *
810
950
1075
1190 *
1295 *
620
745
855
950
1030
760
910
1050
1180 *
1300.
600
740
865
975
1070
525
650
760
850
925
5470
5640
5815
5985
6155
3805
3980
4150
4320
4490
1015
1185
1355
1525
1700
1280
1455
1625
1795
1965

5.0

570 *
675 *
780 *
875 *
970 *
560 *
660 *
760 *
855 *
945 *
435
530 *
625 *
710 *
785 *
515 *
625 *
730.
830 *
925 *
415
515 *
615 *
710 *
795 *
365
465
555 *
640 *
715 *
5280
5395
5510
5625
5740
3620
3735
3845
3960
4075
825
940
1055
1165
1280
1095
1210
1320
1435
1550

515 *
610 *
705 *
795 *
885 *
505 *
600 *
690 *
780 *
865 *
395
485 *
570 *
650 *
725 *
465 *
565 *
660 *
755 *
845 *
370
470 *
560 *
645.
730 *
330
420 *
505 *
585 *
660 *
5245
5345
5450
5550
5655
3580
3685
3785
3890
3990
785
890
995
1095
1200
1055
1160
1260
1365
1465

K1

0.855
0.553
0.408
0.324
0.268
0.912
0.576
0.421
0.332
0.274
1.244
0.693
0.480
0.367
0.297
1.140
0.702
0.507
0.397
0.326
1.520
0.829
0.570
0.434
0.351
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED. IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
<!> IBIDIIngl: 0.80
IBuckllngJ: 2.00

TYPE OF

FASTENER

FILL

LAYOUT

in4f ft

2.0

NO FILL

ALL

0.017

2205

I SPAN, FT
I 4.5 I
l 435 I

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF

2.5
1410

1 3.0

980

3.5

720

I
I

4.0
550

5.0
350

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Serv1ce Applied load} <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND}. Nominal Bucklmg Strength S0 /12 (BucklinglJ
lRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load} <= Minimum [(EO or WINO} x Nominal Shear Strength, (Buckling}x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 l
September 2004

AV-73

<)> IEOl: 0.65


<)> IWINDl: 0.70
<)> IOtherl: 0.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149"

SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-14


SIDE-LAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
Fill

FASTENER SIDE-lAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.0

1.5

1040
1145
1220
1275
1320
955
1040
1095
1135
1165
680
740
775
795
810
985
1105
1190
1255
1305
725
810
865
900
925
585
645
680
700
715
5835
6155
6475
6795
7115
4175
4495
4815
5130
5450
1380
1700
2020
2340
2660
1650
1970
2290
2605
2925

810
925
1020
1095
1160
765
865
940
1000
1050
560
640
695
730
760
755
880
985
1065
1135
575
675
750
805
845
480
560
610
645
670
5525
5740
5950
6165
6380
3860
4075
4290
4500
4715
1070
1280
1495
1710
1920
1335
1550
1765
1975
2190

IEOl: 2.50
2.35
Q lotherl: 2.50
Q

Q IWINDl:

<)> !fiLLED, EOl:


<)> (fiLLED, WINDl:
<)> (fiLLED, otherl:

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PlF


SPAN, FT
3.0
2.0
2.5

650
760
855
940
1010
620
720
805
875
935
465
550
615
665
700
600
715
815
905
980
465
565
645
710
760
395
480
545
590
625
5370
5530
5690
5850
6010
3705
3865
4025
4185
4345
915
1075
1235
1395
1555
1180
1340
1500
1660
1820

455
545
630 *
705 *
775 *
445
530
605 *
675 *
740 *
340
415
485
540
585 *
420
510
595 *
675 *
750 *
330
415
490
555
615 *
285
365
430
485
525
5215
5320
5430
5535
5640
3550
3660
3765
3870
3980
760
865
970
1080
1185
1025
1135
1240
1345
1455

535
635
730
810
880 *
520
615
695
765
830 *
395
475
545
595
640
495
595
690
775
855 *
385
480
560
630
685
335
415
485
535
575
5275
5405
5535
5660
5790
3615
3740
3870
3995
4125
820
950
1075
1205
1330
1090
1215
1345
1470
1600

0.50
0.50
0.50

!FILLED, EOl: 3.25


WINDI: 3.25
Q (fiLLED, otherl: 3.25
Q

Q (fiLLED,

3.5

4.0

K1

395
475 *
550 *
625 *
690 *
385
465 *
535 *
600 *
660 *
300
370
435 *
490 *
535 *
360
445 *
520 *
595 *
665 *
285
365
435 *
500 *
555 *
250
325
385
440 *
485 *
5170
5260
5355
5445
5535
3505
3600
3690
3780
3870
715
805
895
990
1080
980
1075
1165
1255
1345

350 *
420 *
490 *
555 *
620 *
340 *
410 *
480 *
540 *
600 *
265
330 *
390 *
445 *
490 *
320 *
390 *
465 *
530 *
595 *
255
325 *
390 *
450 *
505 *
225
290
350 *
400 *
445 *
5135
5215
5295
5375
5455
3475
3555
3635
3715
3795
680
760
840
920
1000
950
1030
1110
1190
1270

0.675
0.436
0.322
0.256
0.212
0.720
0.455
0.332
0.262
0.216
0.982
0.547
0.379
0.290
0.235
0.900
0.554
0.400
0.313
0.257
1.200
0.655
0.450
0.343
0.277
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284
1.351
0.697
0.470
0.354
0.284

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE liMITED BY SHEAR BUCKliNG. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FillED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

TYPE OF
Fill
NO FILL

FASTENER
lAYOUT
ALL

in4 /H

1.0

0.011

4465

<)> IBUCklingl: 0.80


Q IBUCkllngl 200
NOMINAl SHEAR DUE TO PANEl BUCKliNG (Sn), PlF I SPAN, FT
I 1.5
I 2.0 I 2.5
I 3.0 l 3.5 I 4.0

1985

1115

715

495

365

275

NOTE: ASD Reqmred Strength (Serv1ce Applied load)<= Mlmmum [Nominal Shear Strength I Q (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s 1n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load)<= Minimum 1<1> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <!> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kllng Strength Snl

AV74

September 2004

<j) IEOI: 0.65


<j) IWINDI: 0.70

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX14
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
Fill

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"

NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"

LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

<P

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

IOtherl: 0.65

Q IEOI:

2.50

i2 IWINDI: 2.55

n IOtherl: 2.50

<j) !FILLED, EOI: 0.50


<j) !FILlED, WINDI: 0.50
<P

!FILLED, Otherl: 0.50

n !FILLED, EOI: 3.25


n !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
n !FILlED, Other!: 3.25

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

1.5

2.0

1050
1190
1305
1400
1480
990
1110
1205
1285
1345
730
825
890
940
975
975
1130
1255
1360
1445
745
865
960
1030
1080
620
720
785
830
860
5710
5965
6220
6480
6735
4045
4300
4560
4815
5070
1250
1510
1765
2020
2275
1520
1775
2035
2290
2545

840
975
1090
1195
1280
805
925
1030
1115
1190
605
705
785
845
895
775
915
1040
1150
1245
600
725
825
905
970
515
615
695
755
795
5510
5700
5890
6085
6275
3845
4035
4230
4420
4615
1050
1245
1435
1625
1820
1320
1510
1705
1895
2090

2.5

3.0

695
815
925
1025
1115 *
675
785
885
975
1050
510
610
695
760
815
640
765
880
985
1075 *
500
615
710
795
865
435
535
615
680
730
5385
5540
5695
5850
6000
3725
3875
4030
4185
4340
930
1085
1240
1390
1545
1200
1350
1505
1660
1815

3.5

590
700
800 *
895 *
980 *
575
680
770 *
855 *
935 *
440
535
615
685
740 *
540
650
755 *
855.
940 *
425
530
625
705
775 *
370
465
545
615
670
5305
5435
5565
5690
5820
3645
3770
3900
4025
4155
850
980
1105
1235
1360
1120
1245
1375
1500
1630

4.0

4.5

455 *
540 *
625 *
705 *
780 *
445 *
530 *
610 *
685 *
755 *
345
420 *
495 *
560 *
620 *
415
500 *
585 *
670 *
745 *
330
415
490 *
565 *
635 *
290
370
440 *
505 *
560 *
5205
5300
5400
5495
5590
3540
3640
3735
3830
3925
750
845
940
1035
1135
1015
1115
1210
1305
1400

515
610 *
700 *
790 *
870 *
500
595 *
680 *
760 *
835 *
385
470
550 *
615 *
675 *
470
565 *
660 *
750 *
835 *
370
465
550 *
630 *
700 *
325
410
490
555 *
610 *
5250
5360
5470
5580
5690
3585
3695
3805
3915
4025
790
900
1010
1120
1230
1060
1170
1280
1390
1500

405 *
485 *
560 *
635 *
705 *
395 *
475 *
550 *
620 *
685 *
310
380 *
450 *
510 *
570 *
365 *
450 *
525 *
600 *
675 *
290
370 *
445 *
515 *
575 *
260
335 *
400 *
460 *
515 *
5175
5260
5345
5430
5515
3510
3595
3680
3765
3850
715
800
885
970
1055
985
1070
1155
1240
1325

K1
0.740
0.478
0.353
0.280
0.232
0.789
0.499
0.364
0.287
0.237
1.077
0.600
0.415
0.318
0.257
0.987
0.607
0.439
0.343
0.282
1.316
0.718
0.493
0.376
0.304
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312
1.480
0.764
0.515
0.388
0.312

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED. IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH. OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

n IBucklingl: 2.00

<j) IBuckliagl: 0.80


TYPE OF
Fill
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

I
in4 /H

1.5

0.013

2580

I
I

2.0
1450

I
I

2.5
930

3.0

3.5

4.0

645

470

360

I
I

4.5
285

NOTE: ASD Requrred Strength (Serv1ce Applied load I <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1u (EO or WINO), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1i2 (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum I<)I (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <P (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV75

IEQI: 0.65
Q IEQI: 2.50
IWINDI: 0.70 Q IWINDI: 2.35
<1> lotherl: 0.65
n lotherl: 2.50

9/16" X2112" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0239"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Buildex BX-14
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

<j>

<j>

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
35/8
2
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
1
35/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/7
2
3

30/5

4
0
1
2
3

30/4

2 1/2"

NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"

LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

lfllLED, EOI: 0.50


Q (fiLLED, EOI: 3.25
(fiLLED, WINDI: 0.50 Q (fiLLED, WINDI: 3.25
<1> IFILLED, other!: 0.50
n lflllED, other!: 3.25
<j>

<j>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

1255
1435
1595
1735
1860
1205
1365
1505
1625
1730
905
1040
1150
1235
1305
1155
1345
1515
1665
1800
900
1065
1200
1315
1405
765
905
1015
1100
1165
5805
6060
6320
6575
6830
4140
4400
4655
4910
5170
1350
1605
1860
2120
2375
1615
1875
2130
2385
2645

1040
1200
1350
1485
1610
1005
1155
1290
1415
1520
765
895
1010
1105
1185
955
1120
1275
1420
1550
750
900
1035
1150
1250
645
780
895
985
1060
5625
5830
6035
6240
6445
3960
4165
4370
4575
4780
1170
1375
1580
1785
1990
1435
1640
1845
2050
2255

880
1025
1165 *
1290 *
1410 *
860
995
1125 *
1240 *
1345 *
660
785
895
990
1070
805
955
1095
1230 *
1350 *
640
775
900
1015
1115
555
680
790
885
965
5505
5675
5845
6020
6190
3840
4010
4185
4355
4525
1050
1220
1390
1560
1730
1315
1485
1660
1830
2000

765
895 *
1020 *
1135 *
1245 *
750
870 *
990 *
1100 *
1200 *
575
690
795
890 *
975 *
700
830 *
955 *
1080 *
1195 *
555
680
795
900 *
1000 *
485
600
705
800
880 *
5420
5565
5710
5860
6005
3755
3900
4050
4195
4340
960
1110
1255
1400
1550
1230
1375
1525
i670
1815

675 *
790 *
905 *
1010 *
1115 *
660 *
775 *
880 *
985 *
1080 *
510
620
715 *
805 *
890 *
615
735 *
850 *
960 *
1065 *
490
605
710 *
810 *
905 *
430
540
635 *
725 *
805 *
5355
5485
5610
5740
5870
3690
3820
3950
4075
4205
900
1025
1155
1280
1410
1165
1295
1425
1550
1680

605 *
710 *
810 *
910 *
1005 *
595 *
695 *
795 *
890 *
980 *
460
555 *
650 *
735 *
815 *
550 *
655 *
760 *
860 *
960 *
440
540 *
640 *
735 *
820 *
385
485
575 *
660 *
740 *
5305
5420
5535
5645
5760
3640
3755
3870
3985
4095
850
960
1075
1190
1305
1115
1230
1345
1460
1570

545 *
640 *
735 *
830 *
915 *
535 *
630 *
720 *
810 *
895 *
415 *
505 *
595 *
675 *
750 *
490 *
595 *
690 *
780 *
875 *
395
490 *
580 *
670 *
750 *
350
440 *
525 *
605 *
680 *
5265
5365
5470
5575
5675
3600
3705
3805
3910
4010
810
910
1015
1115
1220
1075
1180
1280
1385
1485

K1
0.855
0.553
0.408
0.324
0.268
0.912
0.576
0.421
0.332
0.274
1.244
0.693
0.480
0.367
0.297
1.140
0.702
0.507
0.397
0.326
1.520
0.829
0.570
0.434
0.351
1. 711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1.711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360
1. 711
0.883
0.595
0.449
0.360

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

TYPE OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

NO FILL

ALL

I
in 4 /H
0.017

IBUCklingl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

3.0

2205

1410

980

3.5
720

J
I

4.0

4.5

550

435

5.0
350

NOTE: ASO Requued Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Mmlmum !Nommal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strengths 1 n (Buckling)!
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum I<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV76

September 2004

IEOI: 0.65
IWINDJ: 0.70
<1> lotherl: 0.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61-series 10.113" to 0.155" support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE LAP


LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2

3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.0

<)>

<)>

!FILLED, EOJ: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDJ: 0.50
<1> !FILLED, other!: 0.50
<)>

<)>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
3.0
2.0
2.5

1.5

1065
1165
1245
1300
1345
975
1060
1115
1160
1190
695
755
790
810
825
1010
1125
1215
1280
1325
740
825
880
915
940
600
660
695
715
730
5855
6175
6495
6815
7135
4195
4510
4830
5150
5470
1400
1720
2040
2360
2680
1670
1985
2305
2625
2945

n !EOI: 2.50
n IWINDJ: 2.55
n lotherl: 2.50

825
945
1040
1115
1180
780
880
960
1020
1070
575
650
705
745
770
770
895
1000
1085
1155
585
690
765
820
860
490
570
625
660
685
5540
5750
5965
6180
6390
3875
4090
4300
4515
4730
1080
1295
1510
1720
1935
1350
1565
1775
1990
2205

660
775
870
955
1025
635
735
820
890
950
475
560
625
675
710
610
730
830
920
995
475
575
655
720
775
405
490
555
600
635
5380
5540
5700
5860
6020
3715
3875
4035
4195
4355
925
1085
1245
1405
1565
1190
1350
1510
1670
1830

465
555
640 *
715 *
785 *
455
540
615.
685.
750 *
350
425
490
545
595.
425
520
605 *
685.
760 *
335
420
500
565
625 *
295
370
435
490
535
5220
5330
5435
5540
5650
3560
3665
3770
3880
3985
765
870
980
1085
1190
1035
1140
1245
1355
1460

550
650
740
820 *
895.
530
625
705
780
840 *
405
485
555
605
650
505
605
700
790
865.
395
490
570
635
695
340
425
490
545
585
5285
5415
5540
5670
5795
3620
3750
3875
4005
4135
830
955
1085
1210
1340
1095
1225
1350
1480
1610

3.5

'

n !FILLED, EOJ: 3.25


i2 !FILLED, WINDJ: 3.25
n !FILLED, other!: 3.25

4.0

355 *
430 *
500 *
565 *
625 *
350 *
420 *
485 *
550 *
605 *
270
335.
395 *
450 *
500 *
325.
400.
470 *
535 *
600 *
260
330 *
395.
455 *
510 *
225
295
355 *
405.
450.
5140
5220
5300
5380
5460
3480
3560
3640
3720
3800
685
765
845
925
1005
955
1035
1115
1195
1275

405
485.
560 *
630 *
700 *
395
470.
545.
610.
670.
305
375
440 *
495 *
545.
370
450 *
530 *
605 *
670 *
295
370
440 *
505 *
560 *
255
330
390
445.
490 *
5175
5270
5360
5450
5540
3515
3605
3695
3785
3880
720
810
900
995
1085
990
1080
1170
1260
1355

K1

0.810
0.489
0.350
0.273
0.223
0.864
0.508
0.360
0.279
0.227
1.179
0.603
0.405
0.305
0.245
1.080
0.617
0.432
0.332
0.270
1.440
0.720
0.480
0.360
0.288
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER. OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<)>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in4 /H

1.0

0.011

4465

n IBucklingl: 2.00

IBackllngJ: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 1.5 I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I

1985

1115

715

495

365

4.0

275

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum [(j) (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, (j) (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV77

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness= 0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61-series !0.115" to 0.155" support steell
SIDEI.AP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
Fill

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.5

2.0

1040
1180
1295
1390
1470
980
1100
1195
1275
1335
720
815
885
930
965
965
1120
1245
1350
1435
735
860
950
1020
1070
615
715
780
825
855
5700
5960
6215
6470
6725
4040
4295
4550
4805
5065
1245
1500
1755
2015
2270
1515
1770
2025
2280
2540

835
965
1085
1185
1275
800
920
1020
1110
1180
600
700
780
840
885
770
910
1035
1140
1235
595
720
820
900
960
510
610
690
745
790
5505
5695
5885
6080
6270
3840
4030
4225
4415
4605
1045
1240
1430
1620
1815
1315
1505
1700
1890
2080

!EOI: 0.65
Q !EOI: 2.50
!WINDI: 0.70 Q !WINDI: 2.35
<P !Otberl: 0.65 Q lotherl: 2.50
<!>

<!>

<!> !FILLED, EOI: 0.50


<P !FILLED, WINDI: 0.50
<P !FILLED, otherl: 0.50

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
3.5
2.5
3.0

690
810
920
1020
1110 *
670
780
880
965
1045
505
605
690
755
810
635
760
870
975
1070 *
495
610
705
790
860
430
530
610
675
725
5385
5535
5690
5845
6000
3720
3875
4025
4180
4335
925
1080
1235
1385
1540
1195
1350
1500
1655
1810

585
695
795 *
890 *
975 *
570
675
765 *
850 *
930 *
435
530
610
680
735
535
645
750 *
845 *
935 *
425
525
620
700
770 *
370
465
545
610
665
5305
5430
5560
5685
5815
3640
3765
3895
4025
4150
845
975
1100
1230
1360
1115
1245
1370
1500
1625

510
605 *
695 *
785 *
865 *
495
590 *
675 *
755 *
830 *
385
470
545 *
615 *
675 *
465
565 *
655 *
745 *
830 *
370
460
545 *
625 *
695 *
320
410
485
550 *
610 *
5245
5355
5465
5575
5685
3580
3690
3800
3910
4020
790
900
1010
1120
1230
1055
1165
1275
1385
1495

n !FILLED, EOI: 3.25

n !fiLLED, WINDI: 3.25

n !fiLLED, Otberl: 3.25

4.0

4.5

K1

450 *
535 *
620 *
700 *
775 *
440 *
525 *
605 *
680 *
750 *
340
420 *
490 *
555 *
615 *
410
495 *
580 *
665 *
740 *
325
410
490 *
560 *
630 *
285
365
440 *
500 *
560 *
5205
5300
5395
5490
5590
3540
3635
3730
3830
3925
745
840
940
1035
1130
1015
1110
1205
1305
1400

400 *
480 *
555 *
630 *
700 *
395 *
470 *
545 *
615 *
680 *
305
380 *
445 *
510 *
565 *
365 *
445 *
525 *
600 *
670 *
290
370 *
440 *
510 *
575 *
255
330 *
400 *
460 *
515 *
5170
5255
5340
5425
5510
3505
3590
3675
3765
3850
715
800
885
970
1055
980
1065
1150
1240
1325

0.888
0.536
0.384
0.299
0.245
0.947
0.557
0.395
0.306
0.249
1.292
0.661
0.444
0.334
0.268
1.184
0.677
0.474
0.364
0.296
1.579
0.789
0.526
0.395
0.316
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER. OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<!>

TYPE OF
Fill
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

in4 I fl
0.013

IBUCklingl: 0.80

IBUckllngl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


1.5
I 2.0 j 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 1 4.0 j
2580 I 1450 I
930 I
645 j
470 j
360 I
..

4.5

285

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Serv1ce Applied Load)<= Mm1mum [Nommal Shear Strength I il (EO or WIND}, Nominal Buckling Strength s 1 n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV78

September 2004

IEOI: 0.65
Q IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 0.70 Q IWINDI: 2.35
<1> lotherl: 0.65
n lotherl: 2.50

9/16" I 21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0259"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK61series 10.115" to 0.155" support steell
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
35/8
2
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
1
35/5
2
3
4
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)
0
1
2
30/7
3
4
0
1
30/5
2
3
4
0
1
2
30/4
3
4
0
2 1/2"
1
30/4
2
NW CONC.
(ABOVE DECK)
3
4
0
1
2 1/2"
30/4
2
LW CONC.
3
(ABOVE DECK)
4
0
1
TYPE I
30/4
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4
0
1
TYPE II
30/4
2
INSUL. FILL
3
4

<I>

<I>

IFillED, EOI: 0.50


Q !FILLED, EOI: 3.25
!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50 Q !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
<1> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50
n !FILLED, otherl: 3.25
<I>

<I>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

1210
1390
1550
1690
1810
1160
1320
1460
1580
1685
870
1010
1115
1200
1270
1115
1305
1475
1625
1755
865
1030
1165
1280
1370
740
880
985
1070
1130
5775
6030
6285
6545
6800
4110
4365
4625
4880
5135
1315
1575
1830
2085
2345
1585
1840
2100
2355
2610

1000
1165
1310
1450
1570
970
1120
1255
1375
1485
735
870
980
1075
1150
920
1085
1240
1385
1515
720
875
1005
1120
1220
625
760
870
960
1030
5600
5805
6010
6215
6420
3935
4140
4345
4550
4755
1145
1350
1555
1760
1965
1410
1615
1820
2025
2230

3.0

4.0

3.5

4.5

650.
770.
880.
990.
1090.
640.
750.
860.
960.
1055.
495
600
700.
785.
870.
595
715.
825.
935.
1040.
475
585
695.
790.
885.
415
525
620
710.
785.
5340
5465
5595
5725
5850
3675
3805
3930
4060
4190
880
1010
1140
1265
1395
1150
1280
1405
1535
1665

740
870.
990.
1110.
1220.
720
845.
965.
1070.
1175.
555
670
775
870.
950.
675
805
935.
1055.
1165.
535
660
775
880.
975.
470
585
690
780
860.
5400
5550
5695
5840
5990
3735
3885
4030
4175
4325
945
1090
1235
1385
1530
1210
1360
1505
1650
1800

850
995
1130.
1260.
1375.
830
965
1090
1210.
1315.
635
760
870
965
1045
780
925
1065
1200.
1320.
615
755
880
990
1090
535
660
770
865
940
5485
5655
5825
5995
6170
3820
3990
4160
4335
4505
1025
1200
1370
1540
1710
1295
1465
1635
1810
1980

5.0
525.
625.
715.
810.
895.
515.
610.
705.
790.
875.
400
490.
580.
660.
735.
475.
575.
670.
765.
855.
380
475.
570.
655.
735.
335
430.
515.
595.
670.
5250
5355
5455
5560
5665
3590
3690
3795
3895
4000
795
900
1000
1105
1205
1065
1165
1270
1370
1475

585.
690.
790.
890.
985.
570.
675.
775.
870.
960.
445
540.
635.
720.
795.
530.
640.
740.
840.
940.
425
525.
625.
715.
805.
375
470
565.
645.
725.
5290
5405
5520
5635
5745
3625
3740
3855
3970
4085
835
950
1060
1175
1290
1100
1215
1330
1445
1560

K1
1.026
0.620
0.444
0.346
0.283
1.094
0.644
0.456
0.353
0.288
1.493
0.764
0.513
0.386
0.310
1.368
0.782
0.547
0.421
0.342
1.824
0.912
0.608
0.456
0.365
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<I>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in4fft
O.D17

Q IBICkllngl: 2.00

lldlltl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

2.0

2205

2.5

1410

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

980

720

550

435

350

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buclding)l
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, ell (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength S0 )
September 2004

AV-79

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK

t =design thickness =0.0149"


SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK63-series !0.155" to 0.25" support steell
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws

<j) !EQI: 0.65


<j) !WIND!: 0.70
<P !Other!: 0.65

Q !EQI: 2.50
Q !WIND!: 2.35
Q !other!: 2.50

<j) !FILLED, EQI: 0.50


<j) !fiLLED, WIND!: 0.50
<P !fiLLED, other!: 0.50

!FILLED, EQI: 3.25

Q !FILLED, WIND!: 3.25

n !fiLLED, other!: 3.25

TYPE
OF
Fill

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PlF


FASTENER SIDE lAP
SPAN, FT
K1
3.5
4.0
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
405 *
455 *
0.810
1200
750
620
525
0
935
535 *
475 *
0.489
615 *
1
1305
1050
860
720
700 *
615 *
545 *
0.350
35/8
2
1385
1150
960
815
895 *
780 *
685 *
610 *
0.273
1450
1230
1045
3
975 *
755 *
675 *
4
1495
1300
855 *
0.223
1120
445
*
395 *
0
1105
880
720
600
515
0.864
600 *
525 *
465 *
1
1185
980
820
695
0.508
675 *
595 *
35/7
2
1065
905
780
530 *
0.360
1250
750 *
665 *
1130
980
855 *
595 *
3
1295
0.279
920 *
815 *
4
1330
1185
1045
730 *
655 *
0.227
785
0
650
540
455
395
345
1.179
305
1
845
730
625
540
470
370 *
415
0.603
785
480 *
35/5
2
885
690
610
435 *
540
0.405
745
595 *
3
910
830
540 *
665
490 *
0.305
NO FILL
650 *
4
925
860
785
715
590 *
540 *
0.245
(BARE DECK)
1140
870
570
480
0
690
415
365 *
1.080
575 *
1
1260
995
810
675
500 *
440 *
0.617
30/7
1350
1105
660 *
2
915
770
580 *
510 *
0.432
1195
1005
860 *
745 *
3
1420
655 *
580 *
0.332
1475
1270
1085
940 *
820 *
4
725 *
645 *
0.270
835
660
535
445
0
380
330
290
1.440
765
1
925
640
540
465
410
365 *
0.720
845
725
30/5
2
985
625
545
480 *
430 *
0.480
3
1025
905
790
695
615 *
545 *
490 *
0.360
1050
4
950
850
755
675 *
605 *
550 *
0.288
675
0
555
455
385
330
290
255
1.621
740
635
545
470
410
1
360
325 *
0.763
30/4
775
695
610
2
540
480
425 *
385 *
0.499
735
3
800
660
595
535
485 *
440 *
0.370
4
815
760
700
640
585 *
530 *
490 *
0.295
0
5980
5620
5440
5335
5265
5210
5175
1.621
2 1/2"
1
6300
5835
5600
5460
5370
5305
5255
0.763
NW GONG.
6050
5760
30/4
2
6620
5590
5475
5395
5335
0.499
6260
(ABOVE DECK)
6940
5920
5720
3
5585
5485
5415
0.370
6475
4
7260
6080
5845
5690
5575
5495
0.295
4315
3955
3780
3670
0
3600
3550
3510
1.621
4170
3940
2 1/2"
1
4635
3800
3705
3640
3590
0.763
4955
4385
4100
3925
LW GONG.
30/4
2
3810
3730
3670
0.499
(ABOVE DECK)
5275
4595
4260
3
4055
3920
3820
3750
0.370
4810
4420
4185
4
5595
4025
3915
3830
0.295
1525
1165
985
875
0
805
755
715
1.621
1375
1145
1
1840
1005
910
845
795
0.763
TYPE I
1590
1305
30/4
2
2160
1135
1020
935
875
0.499
INSUL. FILL
2480
1805
1465
3
1260
1125
1030
955
0.370
2015
1625
1390
4
2800
1230
1120
1035
0.295
1430
1255
1790
1145
0
1075
1025
985
1.621
1415
1
2110
1645
1275
1180
1115
1065
0.763
TYPE II
1860
1575
30/4
2
2430
1400
1265
1205
1145
0.499
INSUL. FILL
1735
2750
2070
1530
3
1395
1295
1225
0.370
2285
1895
4
3070
1660
1500
1390
1305
0.295
*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FillED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<P !Buckling!: 0.80


TYPE OF

FASTENER

n !Buckling!: 2.00

NOMINAl SHEAR DUE TO PANEl BUCKliNG (Sn), PLF I SPAN,

FT

FILL
1.0
LAYOUT
in 4 / ft
I 1.5
I 2.0
I 2.5
I 3.0 I 3.5 I 4.0
1115
NO FILL
ALL
0.011
4465
1985
715
I
I
I
I 495 I 365
275
NOTE: ASO Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WINO), Nommai Buckling Strength S 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I<I> (EO or WINO) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kllng Strengths 1

AV80

September 2004

IEOI: 0.65
Q IEOI: 2.50
IWINDJ: 0.70 Q IWINDJ: 2.35
<1> IOtherl: 0.65
n !Other!: 2.50

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK63series 10.155" to 0.25" support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

<j>

<j>

!FILLED, EO!: 0.50


Q !FILLED, EOI: 3.25
!FILLED, WIND!: 0.50 il !FILLED, WINDI: 3.25
<1> !FILLED, Other!: 0.50
n !FILLED, Other!: 3.25
<j>

<j>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

1.5

2.0

1175
1315
1435
1535
1620
1110
1230
1330
1410
1475
815
910
980
1035
1075
1090
1245
1380
1490
1580
830
955
1055
1130
1185
695
795
865
915
950
5805
6060
6320
6575
6830
4140
4400
4655
4910
5165
1350
1605
1860
2115
2375
1615
1875
2130
2385
2640

940
1075
1195
1300
1395
900
1025
1130
1220
1300
675
780
860
925
980
870
1010
1135
1250
1350
675
795
900
985
1055
575
680
760
825
870
5580
5770
5965
6155
6350
3915
4110
4300
4495
4685
1125
1315
1505
1700
1890
1390
1585
1775
1970
2160

2.5

3.5

3.0

780
900
1010
1115 *
1210 *
755
865
970
1060
1140 *
575
675
755
830
885
715
840
955
1065 *
1160 *
560
675
775
860
935
485
585
670
740
795
5445
5600
5750
5905
6060
3780
3935
4090
4240
4395
990
1140
1295
1450
1605
1255
1410
1565
1715
1870

4.0

575 *
670 *
765 *
850 *
935 *
560 *
655 *
740 *
825 *
900 *
430
520
595 *
670 *
730 *
525
625 *
720 *
810 *
895 *
415
510
595 *
675 *
750 *
365
450
530
600 *
660 *
5290
5400
5510
5620
5730
3625
3735
3845
3955
4065
835
945
1055
1165
1275 I
1100
1210
1320
1430
1540 I

660
770 *
870 *
970 *
1055 *
645
745 *
840 *
930 *
1010 *
495
585
670
740 *
805 *
605
715
820 *
920 *
1015 *
480
580
675
760 *
835 *
415
510
595
665
725
5355
5485
5610
5740
5865
3690
3820
3945
4075
4205
900
1025
1155
1280
1410
1165
1295
1420
1550
1680

4.5
450 *
530 *
610 *
685 *
755 *
445 *
520 *
595 *
665 *
735 *
345 *
420.
485 *
550 *
610 *
410 *
495 *
570 *
645 *
720 *
325
405 *
480 *
550 *
615 *
290
365 *
435 *
495 *
555 *
5205
5290
5375
5460
5545
3540
3625
3710
3795
3880
750
835
920
1005
1090
1015
1100
1185
1270
1360

505 *
595 *
680 *
760 *
835 *
495 *
580 *
660 *
740 *
810 *
385
465 *
535 *
605 *
665 *
460 *
550 *
635 *
720 *
800 *
370
450 *
530 *
605 *
675 *
325
405
475 *
545 *
605 *
5240
5340
5435
5530
5625
3580
3675
3770
3865
3965
785
880
975
1075
1170
1055
1150
1245
1340
1440

K1
0.888
0.536
0.384
0.299
0.245
0.947
0.557
0.395
0.306
0.249
1.292
0.661
0.444
0.334
0.268
1.184
0.677
0.474
0.364
0.296
1.579
0.789
0.526
0.395
0.316
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER. OR STRENGTH. OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<j>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

n IBuckllngl: 2.00

IBuckllngl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

I
in4 I ft

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

0.013

2580

1450

930

645

I
I

3.5
470

I
I

4.0

4.5

360

285

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [(jl (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength. <!>(Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV81

IEOI: 0.65
IWINDI: 0.70
<)> IOtllerl: 0.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0239"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek SDK6Heries 10.155" to 0.25" support steel!
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

IEOI: 2.50

<)>

<)>

Q IWINDI: 2.35

n lotherl: 2.50

!FILLED, EOl: 0.50


(fiLLED, WINDI: 0.50
<)> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50

Q !FILLED, EOI: 3.25

<)>

<)>

!.2 (fiLLED, WINDI: 3.25

n !fiLLED, otherl: 3.25

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

K1

1365
1545
1710
1855
1985
1310
1475
1615
1740
1850
985
1120
1235
1325
1400
1260
1450
1625
1775
1915
980
1145
1285
1405
1500
835
975
1090
1175
1245
5885
6145
6400
6655
6915
4225
4480
4735
4990
5250
1430
1685
1940
2200
2455
1700
1955
2210
2465
2725

1130
1295
1445
1585
1710 *
1095
1245
1385
1510
1620 *
835
965
1080
1180
1265
1040
1205
1365
1510
1645 *
815
970
1105
1225
1330
705
840
955
1050
1130
5690
5895
6100
6305
6510
4025
4230
4435
4640
4845
1235
1440
1645
1850
2055
1500
1705
1910
2115
2320

960
1105
1245 *
1375 *
1495.
935
1075
1200 *
1320 *
1430 *
715
845
955
1055
1140.
880
1030
1170 *
1305 *
1430 *
695
835
960
1075
1180 *
605
735
845
940
1025
5560
5730
5900
6070
6245
3895
4065
4235
4410
4580
1100
1275
1445
1615
1785
1370
1540
1710
1885
2055

835 *
965 *
1090 *
1205 *
1320 *
815
940 *
1060 *
1170 *
1275 *
630
745
850.
945 *
1035.
760
895 *
1020 *
1145.
1260.
605
730
845 *
955 *
1055 *
530
645
755
845.
930.
5465
5610
5760
5905
6050
3800
3950
4095
4240
4390
1010
1155
1300
1450
1595
1275
1425
1570
1715
1865

735 *
855 *
965 *
1075 *
1180 *
720 *
835 *
945 *
1045 *
1145 *
555
665.
765 *
855 *
940 *
670 *
790.
905.
1015 *
1125 *
535
650 *
755 *
855 *
950 *
470
575
675.
765.
850.
5395
5525
5650
5780
5910
3730
3860
3990
4115
4245
940
1065
1195
1325
1450
1205
1335
1465
1590
1720

660 *
765.
865 *
965 *
1065 *
645 *
750.
850 *
945 *
1035 *
500 *
600 *
690 *
780 *
860.
595 *
705 *
810.
915 *
1010 *
475
580 *
680 *
775 *
865 *
420
520 *
615 *
700.
780.
5340
5455
5570
5685
5795
3675
3790
3905
4020
4135
885
1000
1110
1225
1340
1150
1265
1380
1495
1610

590 *
690 *
785.
880 *
970 *
585.
680.
770.
860 *
945 *
455 *
545 *
630 *
715 *
790 *
535 *
640 *
735.
830 *
920 *
430 *
525 *
620 *
705 *
790 *
380
475 *
560.
640.
715.
5295
5400
5500
5605
5710
3635
3735
3840
3940
4045
840
945
1045
1150
1250
1110
1210
1315
1415
1520

1.026
0.620
0.444
0.346
0.283
1.094
0.644
0.456
0.353
0.288
1.493
0.764
0.513
0.386
0.310
1.368
0.782
0.547
0.421
0.342
1.824
0.912
0.608
0.456
0.365
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<)>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

in4 I H
0.017

IBUCkllngl: 0.80

Q (BUCkling): 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

2205

1410

980

720

J
I

4.0
550

4.5
435

5.0
350

NOTE: ASD ReqUired Strength (Serv1ce Applied Load)<= Mmimum !Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WINO), Nominal Buckling Strengths 1u (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strenglh (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum [q> (EO or WINO) x Nominal Shear Strength, q> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV82

September 2004

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64-series 10.181' to 0.512'' support steell
SIDEIAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.0

1.5

1205
1315
1395
1455
1505
1110
1195
1255
1300
1335
790
850
890
915
930
1145
1265
1360
1430
1485
840
930
990
1030
1055
680
740
780
805
820
5985
6305
6625
6945
7265
4320
4640
4960
5280
5600
1530
1850
2170
2490
2810
1795
2115
2435
2755
3075

940
1055
1155
1240
1305
885
985
1070
1135
1190
650
730
790
830
865
875
1000
1110
1200
1275
665
770
850
910
955
555
640
695
735
765
5625
5840
6050
6265
6480
3960
4175
4390
4600
4815
1170
1380
1595
1810
2020
1435
1650
1865
2075
2290

<1>

IEOl: 0.65

<j> IWINDl: 0.70


<j> IOtherl: 0.65

Q IEOl: 2.50
Q IWINDl: 2.55

<1> !FILLED, EOl: 0.50


Q !FILLED, EOl: 5.25
!FILLED, WINDl: 0.50 Q !FILLED, WINDl: 5.25
Q IOtherl: 2.50 <1> !FILLED, Otherl: 0.50 Q !FILLED, Otherl: 5.25

<j>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.0
2.5
3.0

750
865
965
1050
1125
720
820
910
985
1045
540
625
695
745
790
695
810
915
1010
1090
540
640
725
795
850
460
545
615
665
705
5445
5605
5765
5925
6085
3780
3940
4100
4260
4420
990
1150
1310
1470
1630
1255
1415
1575
1735
1895

625
725
815
900 *
975 *
605
695
780
855 *
925 *
460
540
610
670
715
570
675
775
860 *
940.
450
545
625
695
760
390
470
540
595
640
5335
5465
5595
5720
5850
3675
3800
3930
4055
4185
880
1010
1135
1265
1390
1150
1275
1405
1530
1660

3.5

4.0

405 *
480 *
550 *
615 *
680 *
395 *
465 *
535 *
600 *
660 *
305
375 *
435 *
490 *
540 *
370 *
445 *
515 *
585 *
650 *
295
365 *
430 *
495 *
550 *
260
325 *
385 *
440 *
490 *
5175
5255
5335
5415
5495
3510
3590
3670
3750
3830
715
795
875
955
1035
985
1065
1145
1225
1305

460 *
540 *
615 *
690 *
760 *
450 *
525 *
600 *
665 *
730 *
345
420 *
485 *
540 *
590 *
420 *
500 *
580.
655 *
725.
335
410
485.
550.
610 *
290
365
430 *
485 *
535.
5215
5305
5395
5485
5580
3550
3640
3730
3825
3915
755
845
940
1030
1120
1025
1115
1205
1300
1390

530
620 *
705 *
785 *
855 *
515
600 *
680 *
750 *
820 *
395
475
540
600 *
650 *
485
575 *
665 *
745.
820 *
385
470
545
615 *
675 *
335
410
480
535
585 *
5265
5370
5480
5585
5690
3600
3710
3815
3920
4025
810
915
1020
1125
1235
1075
1185
1290
1395
1500

K1

0.810
0.489
0.350
0.273
0.223
0.864
0.508
0.360
0.279
0.227
1.179
0.603
0.405
0.305
0.245
1.080
0.617
0.432
0.332
0.270
1.440
0.720
0.480
0.360
0.288
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<j>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in4 /H

1.0

O.D11

4465

n IBuckliagl: 2.00

IBuclliagl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT


I 1.5 I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I

1985

1115

715

495

365

4.0

275

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <= Minimum [$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV-83

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t = design thickness = 0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64-series 10.181' to 0.312" support steell
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws
OF

FASTENER

SIDE-LAP

FILL

LAYOUT

CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"

LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

<j> !FILLED, EOl: 0.50


n !FILlED, EOl: 5.25
!FILLED, WINDl: 0.50 n !FILLED, WINDl: 3.25
<1> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50
n !FILLED, otherl: 3.25
<j>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF

TYPE

NW GONG.

IEOl: 0.65
n IEOl: 2.50
!WIND I: 0.70 Q IWINDl: 2.35
<1> lotherl: 0.65
n IOtherl: 2.50
<j>

<j>

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

SPAN, FT

1.5
1180
1320
1440
1545
1630
1115
1235
1335
1415
1485
820
915
985
1040
1080
1100
1255
1385
1495
1585
835
960
1060
1135
1190
700
800
870
920
955
5810
6065
6325
6580
6835
4145
4405
4660
4915
5170
1355
1610
1865
2120
2380
1620
1880
2135
2390
2645

2.0
945
1080
1200
1305
1400
905
1030
1135
1225
1305
680
785
865
930
985
875
1015
1140
1255
1355
675
800
905
990
1060
580
685
765
825
875
5585
5775
5970
6160
6350
3920
4110
4305
4495
4690
1125
1320
1510
1705
1895
1395
1585
1780
1970
2165

2.5
785
905
1015
1120 *
1210 *
760
870
975
1065 *
1145 *
575
675
760
830
890
720
845
960
1070 *
1165 *
565
680
780
865
940
485
590
675
740
800
5450
5600
5755
5910
6065
3785
3940
4090
4245
4400
990
1145
1300
1450
1605
1260
1415
1565
1720
1875

3.0
665
775 *
875 *
970 *
1060 *
650
750 *
845 *
935 *
1015 *
495
590
675
745 *
805 *
610
720
825 *
925 *
1015 *
480
585
680
765 *
840 *
420
515
595
665
725
5355
5485
5615
5740
5870
3695
3820
3950
4080
4205
900
1030
1155
1285
1415
1170
1295
1425
1555
1680

3.5
575 *
675 *
765 *
855 *
940 *
565 *
655 *
745 *
825 *
905 *
435
520
600 *
670 *
735 *
525
625.
720 *
810 *
895 *
420
510
600 *
680 *
750 *
365
455
530
600 *
660 *
5295
5400
5510
5620
5730
3630
3740
3850
3960
4070
835
945
1055
1165
1275
1105
1215
1325
1435
1545

4.0
510 *
595 *
680 *
760 *
840.
500 *
585.
665.
740.
815 *
385
465 *
540 *
605.
670.
465.
555 *
640 *
720 *
800 *
370
455 *
535 *
610 *
680 *
325
405
480 *
545 *
605.
5245
5340
5435
5530
5630
3580
3675
3770
3870
3965
785
885
980
1075
1170
1055
1150
1245
1345
1440

4.5
455 *
535 *
610 *
685 *
760.
445.
525.
600.
670.
740.
345.
420.
490.
555 *
615 *
410 *
495.
575 *
650 *
720 *
330 *
410 *
480 *
550 *
620 *
290
365 *
435 *
500 *
555.
5205
5290
5375
5460
5550
3540
3630
3715
3800
3885
750
835
920
1005
1090
1015
1105
1190
1275
1360

K1
0.888
0.536
0.384
0.299
0.245
0.947
0.557
0.395
0.306
0.249
1.292
0.661
0.444
0.334
0.268
1.184
0.677
0.474
0.364
0.296
1.579
0.789
0.526
0.395
0.316
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
<1> !Bucklingl:
!Buckllngl: 2.00

o.ao

I SPAN, FT
in4 I It
1.5
FILL
LAYOUT
I 2.0
I 2.5 J 3.0 1 3.5 I 4.0 I 4.5
NO FILL
ALL
0.013
2580 I 1450 I
930 I
645 I
470 l
360 I
285
..
NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load) <= Mm1mum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nommal Buckling Strength s 1 n (Buckling))
TYPE OF

FASTENER

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF

LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<= Minimum I <I> (EQ or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <j> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength S0 ]

AV-84

September 2004

9/16" I 21/2'' FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0259"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K64-serles 10.181' to 0.512'' support steel!
SIDE-lAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
35/8

35/7

35/5

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

IEOI: 0.65
IWINDI: 0.70
<1> lotherl: 0.65
<1>

<J>

Q IEOI: 2.50
Q IWINDI: 2.55

<1> !FILLED, EOI: 0.50


Q IFILLED, EOI: 5.25
!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50 !! !FILLED, WINDI: 5.25
n lotherl: 2.50 <1> !FILLED, other!: 0.50 n !FILLED, other!: 5.25

<J>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.5

2.0
1375
1555
1715
1860
1990
1320
1480
1625
1750
1860
990
1130
1240
1330
1405
1270
1460
1630
1785
1925
985
1150
1290
1410
1510
840
980
1095
1180
1250
5890
6150
6405
6660
6920
4230
4485
4740
4995
5255
1435
1690
1950
2205
2460
1705
1960
2215
2475
2730

3.0

1140
1300
1450
1590
1720 *
1100
1255
1390
1515
1630 *
835
970
1085
1185
1270
1045
1210
1370
1515
1650 *
820
975
1110
1230
1335
710
845
960
1055
1135
5695
5900
6105
6310
6515
4030
4235
4440
4645
4850
1235
1440
1650
1855
2060
1505
1710
1915
2120
2325

3.5

4.0

840 *
970 *
1095 *
1210 *
1325 *
820
945 *
1060 *
1175 *
1280 *
630
750
855 *
950 *
1035 *
765
900 *
1025 *
1145 *
1265 *
610
735
850.
960 *
1060.
530
650
755
850 *
935.
5470
5615
5760
5910
6055
3805
3950
4100
4245
4390
1010
1160
1305
1450
1600
1280
1425
1575
1720
1865

965
1110
1250 *
1380 *
1500 *
940
1080
1205 *
1325 *
1435 *
720
845
960
1060
1145 *
885
1035
1175 *
1310 *
1435 *
700
840
965
1080
1185 *
610
735
850
945
1030
5560
5735
5905
6075
6245
3900
4070
4240
4410
4585
1105
1275
1445
1620
1790
1375
1545
1715
1885
2060

4.5

740 *
855 *
970 *
1080 *
1185 *
725 *
840 *
945 *
1050 *
1150 *
560
665 *
765 *
860 *
945 *
675 *
795 *
910 *
1020 *
1125 *
535
650 *
760.
860 *
955 *
470
580
680 *
770 *
850 *
5400
5525
5655
5785
5910
3735
3860
3990
4120
4245
940
1070
1195
1325
1455
1210
1335
1465
1595
1720

5.0

660 *
765 *
870 *
970 *
1065 *
650 *
750 *
850 *
950 *
1040 *
505 *
600 *
695 *
780 *
865 *
600 *
710 *
815 *
915 *
1015 *
480
585 *
685.
780.
865 *
425
520 *
615 *
700 *
780 *
5345
5455
5570
5685
5800
3680
3795
3905
4020
4135
885
1000
1115
1230
1340
1155
1270
1380
1495
1610

595 *
695 *
790 *
880 *
970 *
590 *
680 *
775 *
865 *
950 *
455 *
545 *
635 *
715 *
795 *
540 *
640 *
735 *
830 *
920 *
430.
530 *
620.
710 *
795 *
380
475 *
560.
645 *
720 *
5300
5400
5505
5605
5710
3635
3740
3840
3945
4045
840
945
1045
1150
1255
1110
1215
1315
1420
1520

K1
1.026
0.620
0.444
0.346
0.283
1.094
0.644
0.456
0.353
0.288
1.493
0.764
0.513
0.386
0.310
1.368
0.782
0.547
0.421
0.342
1.824
0.912
0.608
0.456
0.365
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373

* NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED. IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<1>

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

IBidlilgl: 0.80

I
in4fft

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

0.017

2205

1410

980

720

550

Q IBidllngl: 2.00

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

l
l

4.5

5.0

435

350

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load) <= Minimum !Nominal Shear Strength 1n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s. 1u (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <z Minimum !ell (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, ell (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV85

<P !EOJ: 0.65


<P !WIND!: 0.70
<P !other!: 0.65

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t = design thickness =0.0149"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K66series !0.281" &thicker support steen
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE

Q !EOJ: 2.50
Q !WIND!: 2.35
Q !other!: 2.50

<P !FILLED, EOJ: 0.50


<P !FILLED, WIND!: 0.50
<P !FILLED, other!: 0.50

FASTENER

SIDE-LAP

FILL

LAYOUT

CONN./SPAN

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1025
1130
1205
1265
1305
945
1025
10B5
1125
1155
675
730
765
7B5
BOO
975
1095
11BO
1240
1290
715
800
855
890
915
580
640
670
695
705
5825
6145
6465
6785
7105
4160
4480
4800
5120
5440
1370
1690
2010
2325
2645
1635
1955
2275
2595
2915

800
915
1010
10B5
1145
755
B55
930
990
1040
555
630
685
725
750
745
870
975
1055
1125
565
670
740
795
835
475
555
605
640
665
5520
5730
5945
6160
6370
3855
4065
4280
4495
4705
1060
1275
1485
1700
1915
1330
1540
1755
1970
2180

640
750
845
930
1000
615
715
795
B65
925
460
545
610
655
690
590
710
B10
895
975
460
560
640
705
755
390
475
540
585
615
5365
5525
5685
5845
6005
3700
3860
4020
4180
4340
905
1065
1225
1385
1545
1175
1335
1495
1655
1815

530
630
720
BOO
B75 *
515
605
690
760
B20 *
390
470
540
590
635
485
590
6B5
770
845 *
380
475
555
620
675
330
415
480
530
570
5270
5400
5530
5655
5785
3610
3735
3865
3995
4120
815
945
1070
1200
1325
1085
1210
1340
1470
1595

450
540
625 *
700 *
770 *
440
525
600 *
670 *
730 *
335
415
4BO
535
5BO *
415
505
590 *
670 *
740 *
325
410
485
550
610 *
285
360
425
480
525
5210
5320
5425
5530
5640
3545
3655
3760
3865
3975
755
860
965
1075
1180
1020
1130
1235
1340
1450

35/B

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW CONC.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

Q !FILLED, other!: 3.25

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF

OF

NW CONC.

n !FILLED, EOI: 3.25

n !FILLED, WIND I: 3.25

30/4

INSUL. FILL

SPAN, FT
3.5

K1

4.0

345 *
415
485 *
550 *
615 *
340.
410 *
475 *
535 *
595 *
260
325 *
385 *
440 *
4B5 *
315
390 *
460 *
525 *
590 *
250
320 *
385 *
445 *
500 *
220
285
345 *
400 *
440 *
5135
5215
5295
5375
5455
3470
3550
3630
3710
3790
675
755
835
915
995
945
1025
1105
1185
1265

390
470 *
545 *
620 *
685 *
3BO
460 *
530 *
595 *
655 *
295
365
430 *
4B5 *
530 *
355
440 *
515 *
590 *
660 *
285
360
430 *
495 *
550 *
250
320
385
435 *
480 *
5165
5260
5350
5440
5535
3505
3595
3685
3780
3870
710
800
895
985
1075
980
1070
1160
1255
1345

0.810
0.4B9
0.350
0.273
0.223
O.B64
0.508
0.360
0.279
0.227
1.179
0.603
0.405
0.305
0.245
1.080
0.617
0.432
0.332
0.270
1.440
0.720
0.480
0.360
0.288
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295
1.621
0.763
0.499
0.370
0.295

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<P !Buckling!: 0.80


TYPE OF

FASTENER

FILL

LAYOUT

NO FILL

ALL

in4 I ft
0.011

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF


1.0

4465

I
I

1.5

1985

I
I

2.0

2.5

1115

715

I SPAN,

3.0

3.5

495

365

!Buckling!: 2.00
FT

4.0

275

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND), Nom mal Buckling Strengths 1n (Buckling)]
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load)<: Minimum 1$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, $(Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV-86

September 2004

IEQI: 0.6S
IWINDI: 0.70
<)> IOtherl: 0.6S

9/16" I Z1/Z" FORM DECK


t =design thicuess =0.0179''
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneute~ K66series IO.Z81" &thlc~er support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

s5n

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

son

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

1.5

2.0

1005
1145
1260
1355
1430
950
1070
1165
1240
1295
695
790
855
905
935
935
1085
1215
1315
1400
710
835
925
990
1040
595
690
755
800
830
5675
5930
6190
6445
6700
4010
4270
4525
4780
5035
1220
1475
1730
1985
2245
1485
1745
2000
2255
2510

805
940
1055
1155
1240
770
890
995
1080
1150
580
680
760
815
865
745
885
1005
1115
1205
575
700
795
875
935
490
595
670
725
770
5485
5675
5865
6060
6250
3820
4010
4205
4395
4590
1025
1220
1410
1600
1795
1295
1485
1680
1870
2065

<)>

<)>

Q IEQI: Z.SO
Q IWINDI: US
Q IOtherl: Z.SO

!FILLED, EQI: O.SO


!FILLED, WINDI: O.SO
<)> !FILLED, otherl: O.SO
<)>

<)>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT
2.5
3.0
3.5

665
785
895
995
1085 *
645
755
855
945
1020
490
590
670
735
790
610
735
850
955
1045
480
595
690
770
840
415
515
595
660
705
5365
5520
5675
5830
5980
3705
3855
4010
4165
4320
910
1065
1215
1370
1525
1180
1330
1485
1640
1795

565
675
775 *
865 *
955 *
550
655
745 *
830 *
905 *
420
515
595
665
720
520
630
730
830 *
915 *
410
510
605
685
755 *
355
450
530
595
650
5290
5420
5545
5675
5800
3625
3755
3880
4010
4140
835
960
1090
1215
1345
1100
1230
1355
1485
1615

4.0

US
US
Q !FILLED, Otherl: US

4.5

435 *
520 *
605 *
685 *
760 *
425 *
510 *
590 *
665 *
735 *
330
410
480 *
545 *
605 *
395
485 *
570 *
650 *
725 *
315
400
480 *
550 *
615 *
275
355
430 *
490 *
545 *
5195
5290
5385
5480
5580
3530
3625
3720
3820
3915
735
835
930
1025
1120
1005
1100
1195
1295
1390

490
590 *
680 *
765 *
845 *
480
575 *
660 *
740 *
815 *
370
455
530
600 *
655 *
450
545 *
640 *
730 *
810 *
355
450
535
610 *
680 *
310
400
475
540
595 *
5235
5345
5455
5565
5675
3570
3680
3790
3900
4010
780
890
995
1105
1215
1045
1155
1265
1375
1485

Q !FILLED, EQI:
Q !FILLED, WINDI:

385 *
465 *
545 *
615 *
685 *
380 *
455 *
530 *
600 *
665 *
295
370 *
435 *
500 *
555 *
350 *
435 *
510 *
585 *
655 *
280
360 *
430 *
500 *
565 *
250
320
390 *
450 *
505 *
5160
5245
5330
5420
5505
3500
3585
3670
3755
3840
705
790
875
960
1045
975
1060
1145
1230
1315

K1

0.888
0.536
0.384
0.299
0.245
0.947
0.557
0.395
0.306
0.249
1.292
0.661
0.444
0.334
0.268
1.184
0.677
0.474
0.364
0.296
1.579
0.789
0.526
0.395
0.316
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323
1.777
0.836
0.547
0.406
0.323

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

TYPE OF
FILL
NO FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT
ALL

I
in4 /H

1.5

0.013

2580

Q laDling): 2.00
<I> lldltgl: 0.80
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT
I 2.0 I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 I 4.0 I 4.5

1450

930

645

470

360

285

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied Load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength I U (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength Sn I U (Buckling)l
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied Load) <=Minimum lei> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <1> (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

A87

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.02~9"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Pneutek K66series 10.281" &thicker support steen
SIDElAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

2 1/2"

NW CONC.
(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"

LW CONC.
(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I
INSUL FILL

TYPE II
INSUL FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
2
35/8
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
1
35/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/7
2
3
4
0
1
30/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4

IEOI: 0.65
Q IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 0.70 Q IWINDJ: 2.~5
<!> lotherl: 0.65 n lotherJ: 2.50
<!>

<!>

<!> !fiLLED, EOI: 0.50


Q !fiLLED, EOI: 3.25
(fiLLED, WINDI: 0.50 n (fiLLED, WINDI: 3.25
<!> IfiLLED, otherl: 0.50 n !fiLLED, otherl: 5.25

<!>

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

2.0

2.5

1170
1350
1505
1645
1765
1125
1285
1420
1540
1640
840
980
1085
1170
1235
1080
1270
1435
1585
1710
840
1000
1135
1245
1335
715
855
960
1040
1100
5745
6000
6260
6515
6770
4080
4340
4595
4850
5105
1290
1545
1800
2060
2315
1555
1815
2070
2325
2580

970
1130
1280
1410
1535
940
1090
1220
1340
1445
715
845
955
1050
1125
890
1055
1210
1350
1480
700
850
980
1095
1190
605
740
845
935
1005
5575
5780
5985
6195
6400
3915
4120
4325
4530
4735
1120
1325
1530
1735
1940
1390
1595
1800
2005
2210

3.0
825
965
1100
1230.
1345.
800
940
1065
1180.
1285 *
615
740
845
940
1020
755
900
1040
1170.
1290.
595
735
855
965
1065
520
645
750
845
920
5465
5635
5805
5980
6150
3800
3970
4145
4315
4485
1010
1180
1350
1520
1690
1275
1445
1620
1790
1960

4.5

5.0

630
745 *
860 *
965 *
1070 *
615
730.
835 *
940 *
1035 *
475
585
680 *
770 *
850 *
575
695 *
805 *
915.
1020 *
455
570
675 *
775.
865.

565 *
670 *
770.
870.
965 *
555 *
655 *
755 *
850 *
940 *
430
525.
620 *
705 *
780 *
510 *
620 *
725 *
825 *
920 *
410
510.
610 *
705.
790.

505.
605.
700.
790.
880.

400
510
605
695.
770 *
5325
5455
5580
5710
5840
3660
3790
3915
4045
4175
870
995
1125
1250
1380
1135
1265
1390
1520
1650

360
460
550.
635.
710.

4.0

3.5
715
845 *
965 *
1085.
1195 *
700
820
940.
1045.
1150.
535
655
755
850.
930.
655
785
910 *
1030.
1140.
520
640
755
860.
955.
455
570
670
760
840.
5385
5530
5680
5825
5970
3720
3865
4015
4160
4305
930
1075
1220
1365
1515
1195
1340
1490
1635
1780

5280
5390
5505
5620
5735
3615
3730
3840
3955
4070
820
935
1050
1165
1275
1090
1205
1315
1430
1545

500 *
595 *
685 *
775 *
860.
390
480.
565 *
645 *
720.
460.
560.
655 *
750 *
840 *
365
465.
555.
640 *
725 *
325
420 *
505.
580.
655 *
5240
5345
5445
5550
5650
3575
3680
3780
3885
3985
785
885
990
1090
1195
1050
1155
1255
1360
1460

K1
1.026
0.620
0.444
0.346
0.283
1.094
0.644
0.456
0.353
0.288
1.493
0.764
0.513
0.386
0.310
1.368
0.782
0.547
0.421
0.342
1.824
0.912
0.608
0.456
0.365
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373
2.053
0.966
0.632
0.469
0.373

*NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER, OR STRENGTH, OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.
<1> IBucklingl: 0.80
Q IBUCklingl: 2.00
FASTENER
I
TYPE OF
NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT
in4f H
FILL
2.0
LAYOUT
I 2.5 I 3.0 I 3.5 l 4.0 I 4.5 I 5.0
2205
NO FILL
ALL
0.017
550
I 1410 I 980 I 720
I 435 I 350
NOTE: ASD Requtred Strength (Servtce Applied Load) <= Mtnimum [Nominal Shear Strength I n (EO or WIND), Nominal Buckling Strength s 1 n (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <=Minimum I<I> (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, <I> (Buckling) x Nominal Bu~kling Strength Snl

AV-88

September 2004

IEOI: 0.65
IWINDI: 0.70
<1> lotherl: 0.65

9/16" X21/2'' FORM DECK


t =design thickness =0.0149"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 ID.25" min. support steel!
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

FASTENER SIDE-LAP
LAYOUT CONN./SPAN

35/8

35/7

35/5
NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

30/7

30/5

30/4

2 1/2"
NW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.

30/4

(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I

30/4

INSUL. FILL

TYPE II

30/4

INSUL. FILL

0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
2
3
4

<I>

<I>

Q IEOI: 2.50
Q IWINDI: 2.35

!FILLED, EOI: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50
n lotherl: 2.50 <1> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50
<I>

<I>

n !FILLED, EOI: 3.25


n !FILlED, WINDI: 3.25
n !FILLED, otherl: 3.25

NOMINAL SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

1.0

1.5

1415
1525
1610
1680
1735
1300
1390
1455
1505
1545
930
990
1030
1060
1080
1345
1465
1565
1645
1705
990
1080
1140
1190
1220
800
865
905
935
955
6175
6495
6815
7135
7455
4510
4830
5150
5470
5790
1715
2035
2355
2675
2995
1985
2305
2625
2945
3265

2.0

1100
1220
1325
1410
1490
1040
1145
1230
1300
1360
765
845
910
955
995
1025
1155
1270
1365
1445
780
885
970
1040
1090
655
740
800
845
880
5750
5965
6175
6390
6605
4085
4300
4515
4725
4940
1295
1505
1720
1935
2145
1560
1775
1990
2200
2415

2.5

885
995
1095
1190
1270
850
950
1040
1120
1185
635
725
795
850
900
815
935
1040
1140
1225
635
735
825
900
965
540
630
700
755
800
5540
5700
5860
6020
6180
3875
4035
4195
4355
4515
1080
1240
1400
1560
1720
1350
1510
1670
1830
1990

3.0

730
830 *
925 *
1015 *
1095 *
710
800
890 *
965 *
1040 *
540
620
695
755
810
670
775
875 *
965 *
1050 *
525
620
710
785
850 *
455
540
615
675
725
5410
5540
5670
5795
5925
3750
3875
4005
4130
4260
955
1085
1210
1340
1465
1225
1350
1480
1605
1735

4.0

3.5

620 *
710 *
800 *
880 *
955 *
605 *
690 *
770 *
845 *
915 *
465
540
610 *
675 *
730 *
570 *
660 *
750 *
835 *
915 *
450
535
615 *
690 *
755 *
390
470
540
600 *
655 *
5325
5435
5540
5645
5755
3665
3770
3875
3985
4090
870
975
1085
1190
1295
1140
1245
1350
1460
1565

475 *
550 *
620 *
685 *
755 *
465 *
535 *
605 *
670 *
730 *
360 *
425 *
490 *
545 *
600 *
435 *
510 *
580 *
650 *
715 *
345 *
415 *
485 *
545 *
605 *
305
370 *
435 *
490 *
540 *
5220
5300
5380
5460
5540
3560
3640
3720
3800
3880
765
845
925
1005
1085
1035
1115
1195
1275
1355

540 *
620 *
700 *
770 *
845 *
525 *
605 *
680 *
750 *
815 *
405
480 *
545 *
605 *
660 *
495 *
575 *
655 *
730 *
805 *
390
470 *
540 *
610 *
675 *
340
415
480 *
540 *
595 *
5265
5360
5450
5540
5635
3605
3695
3785
3875
3970
810
900
995
1085
1175
1080
1170
1260
1350
1445

K1
0.338
0.265
0.218
0.185
0.161
0.360
0.279
0.227
0.192
0.166
0.491
0.351
0.274
0.224
0.190
0.450
0.343
0.277
0.232
0.200
0.600
0.424
0.327
0.267
0.225
0.675
0.460
0.349
0.281
0.235
0.675
0.460
0.349
0.281
0.235
0.675
0.460
0.349
0.281
0.235
0.675
0.460
0.349
0.281
0.235
0.675
0.460
0.349
0.281
0.235

NOMINAL SHEAR SHOWN ABOVE MAY BE LIMITED BY SHEAR BUCKLING. SEE TABLE BELOW.
WHEN FILLED DIAPHRAGMS ARE USED. IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER. OR STRENGTH. OF THE PERIMETER CONNECTIONS TO DEVELOP THE VALUES
SHOWN IN THE TABLE. CHECK SECTION 5.4.

<I>

n IButkllngl: 2.00

IBuckllngl: 0.80

NOMINAL SHEAR DUE TO PANEL BUCKLING (Sn), PLF I SPAN, FT

TYPE OF
FILL

FASTENER
LAYOUT

in4 I ft

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

NO FILL

ALL

0.011

4465

1985

1115

715

I
I

3.0
495

I
I

3.5

4.0

365

275

NOTE: ASD Required Strength (Service Applied load)<= Minimum [Nominal Shear Strength In (EO or WIND). Nominal Buckling Strength Sn In (Buckling))
LRFD Required Strength (Factored Applied load) <= Minimum [$ (EO or WIND) x Nominal Shear Strength, c)l (Buckling) x Nominal Buckling Strength Snl
September 2004

AV89

9/16" X21/2" FORM DECK


t = design thickness =0.0179"
SUPPORT FASTENING: Hilti ENP2 or ENPH2 10.25" min. support steel!
SIDELAP FASTENING: #10 screws
TYPE
OF
FILL

NO FILL
(BARE DECK)

2 1/2"
NW GONG.
(ABOVE DECK)

2 1/2"
LW GONG.
(ABOVE DECK)

TYPE I
INSUL FILL

TYPE II
INSUL. FILL

FASTENER SIDELAP
lAYOUT CONN./SPAN
0
1
35/8
2
3
4
0
1
35/7
2
3
4
0
1
35/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/7
2
3
4
0
1
30/5
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4
0
1
30/4
2
3
4

!EOI: 0.65
IWINDI: 0.70
lotherl: 0.65
<1>

<1>
<1>

IEOI: 2.50
IWINDI: 2.55
n lotherl: 2.50
Q

!FILLED, EOI: 0.50


!FILLED, WINDI: 0.50
<1> !FILLED, otherl: 0.50

Q !FILLED, EOI: 5.25

<I>

<I>

n !FILLED, WINDI: 5.25


n !FILLED, Otherl: 5.25

NOMINAl SHEAR STRENGTH, PLF


SPAN, FT

1.5

2.0

1305
1450
1575
1680
1770
1235
1355
1460
1545
1615
910
1005
1080
1135
1180
1215
1370
1505
1620
1720
925
1055
1155
1235
1295
775
875
950
1005
1045
5910
6165
6420
6675
6935
4245
4500
4755
5015
5270
1450
1705
1965
2220
2475
1720
1975
2230
2490
2745

1050
1185
1305
1415
1510
1005
1125
1235
1330
1410
755
860
945
1010
1070
965
1110
1240
1355
1460
750
875
980
1070
1145
640
745
830
900
950
5655
5850
6040
6235
6425
3995
4185
4380
4570
4760
1200
1390
1585
1775
1970
1470
1660
1855
2045
2235

2.5
865
990
1100 *
1205 *
1305 *
840
955
1055
1150 *
1235 *
640
740
825
900
965
795
920
1040
1150 *
1250 *
625
740
840
930
1010
540
640
730
800
860
5505
5660
5815
5970
6120
3845
3995
4150
4305
4460
1050
1205
1355
1510
1665
1320
1470
1625
1780
1935

3.0

3.5

4.0

735
845 *
950 *
1045 *
1135 *
720
820 *
915 *
1005 *
1090 *
550
645
730
805 *
870 *
675
785 *
890 *
990 *
1085 *
535
635
730
820 *
895 *
465
560
645
715
780 *
5405
5535
5660
5790
5920
3740
3870
4000
4125
4255
950
1075
1205
1335
1460
1215
1345
1475
1600
1730

640 *
735 *
830 *
920 *
1005 *
625 *
720 *
805 *
890 *
970 *
480
570 *
650 *
720 *
785 *
585 *
685 *
780 *
870 *
955 *
465
555 *
645 *
725 *
800 *
405
495
575 *
645 *
710 *
5335
5445
5555
5665
5775
3670
3780
3890
4000
4110
875
985
1095
1205
1315
1145
1255
1365
1475
1585

565 *
650 *
735 *
820.
895 *
555.
635 *
720 *
795 *
870 *
425 *
505 *
580 *
650.
715 *
515 *
605 *
690 *
775 *
855 *
410
495 *
575 *
650 *
725 *
360
440 *
515 *
585 *
645 *
5280
5375
5475
5570
5665
3615
3715
3810
3905
4000
825
920
1015
1110
1210
1090
1190
1285
1380
1475

K1

4.5
505.
585.
660 *
735.
810 *
495.
570.
645.
720 *
790 *
385 *
455.
525.
595.
655.
455 *
540 *
620.
695
770
365
445
520
590
655
325
395
465
530
590
5240
5325
5410
5495
5580
3575
3660
3745
3830
3915
780
865
955
1040
1125
1050
1135
1220
1305
1390

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

0.370
0.291
0.239
0.203
0.177
0.395
0.306
0.249
0.210
0.182
0.538
0.385
0.300
0.245
0.208
0.493
0.376
0.304
0.255
0.219
0.658
0.464
0.359
0.292
0.247
0.740
0.504
0.382
0.308
0.257
0.740
0.504
0.382
0.308
0.257
0.740
0.504
0.382
0.308
0.257
0.740
0.