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PROFESIONALISME GURU- PERANAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH

PROFESIONALISME GURU- PERANAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH

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PERANAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH

Di akhir-akhir ini, pekerja dalam syarikat diberi galakan untuk bertindak dengan lebih berotonomi, membuat rumusan sendiri, menjadi pemimpin dan pengikut, mengemuka pandangan dan mempersoalkan dengan selamat, serta berani gagal untuk membina kejayaan akan datang . Inilah kemahiran yang diperlukan masa kini. Schools that train people to obey authority and follow rules unquestioningly will have poorly prepared their students for the evolving world they live in. SENGE (2000)

PENGETUA MERUPAKAN KETUA ORGANISASI BAGI MELAHIRKAN STAF YANG KOMITED SEORANG PENGURUS YANG DAPAT MEMBIMBING MEREKA PATUH KEPADA PERATURAN KURIKULUM. PENGETUA DILIHAT SEBAGAI PENGURUS YANG SANGAT PENTING, SANGAT BERPENGARUH, SANGAT BERTANGGUNGJAWAB, BERJIWA KEPIMPINAN DAN PENGHUBUNG ANTARA SEKOLAH DAN KOMUNITI

PPK

STUDENTS

PARENTS

PRINCIPAL SERVES

TEACHERS

STAKE HOLDER

COMMUNITY MEMBERS

*need Human Relation Skills & Respect for each other

BIDANG UTAMA TUGAS PEMIMPIN SEKOLAH

AKTIVITI MERANCANG AKTIVITI MENGELOLA AKTIVITI MEMIMPIN AKTIVITI MENGAWAL

TRADITIONAL DEFINITIONS OF THE PRINCIPAL’S ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOCUSED ON ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESSES AND FUNCTIONS. EFFECTIVE PRINCIPALS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR PLANNING, ORGANIZING, LEADING AND CONTROLLING.

PLANNING means setting goals and objectives for the school and developing blue prints and strategies for implementing them. ORGANIZING means bringing together the necessary human, financial, and physical resources to accomplish goals efficiently LEADING has to do with guiding and supervising subordinates. CONTROLLING refers to the principal’s evaluation responsibilities and includes reviewing and regulating performance, providing feedback, and otherwise tending to standards of goal attainment. Luther Gulick in 1937 proposed POSDCoRB (PLANNING, ORGANIZING, STAFFING, DIRECTING,COORDINATING, REPORTING, BUDGETING.

2.Menggubal Dasar kk & Pelaksanannya – (di sekolah siapa buat/ajar apa) 1. Merangka Matlamat sekolah 3.Menetapkan matlamat Pencapaian kk

AKTIVITI MERANCANG
7. Memperuntukkan sumber 4.Menentukan strategi

6.Menetapkan prosedur

5.Membina program

1.Mengenalpasti kelayakan& Kepakaran guru subjek 2. Menubuh JKKK & Panitia subjek

AKTIVITI MENGELOLA 4. Menjalankan orientasi & Latihan untuk guru-guru 3.Mewujudkan senarai Tugas Guru subjek

1.Memantau kemajuan pelajar

Membimbing guru melaksanakan KK yang ditetapkan

AKTIVITI MEMIMPIN

Menangani Perubahan

Memotivasi guru

Menurunkan kuasa Kepada guru

Menetapkan piawaian Pencapaian kurikulum Menjalankan tindakan Pembetulan & pemulihan Mewujudkan Sistem Laporan Maklum balas

AKTIVITI MENGAWAL

Menjalankan Penilaian Pengajaran & pembelajaran

Menjalankan pemantauan/ penyeliaan pelaksanaan KK

In a school that learns (learning organisation), people who traditionally may have been suspicious of one another – parents and teachers, educators and local business people, administrators and union members, people inside and outside the school walls, Students and adults – recognize their common stake in the future of the school system and the things they can learn from one another

TINDAKAN PENGETUA SEBAGAI PEMIMPIN KURIKULUM •Melibatkan penggubalan, •perancangan, •Melaksanakan perancangan •Bekerjasama dengan orang lain.

Menerangkan matlamat sekolah Merangka matlamat Kurikulum

Mudah dihubungi (high visibility)

Menyelaras Kurikulum

Memantau, Kemajuan Murid

Memantau, Menyelia dan Menilai P & P

TINDAKAN PENGETUA SEBAGAI PEMANTAU KURIKULUM

Memantau, menyelia, dan Menilai P & P

Menjalankan tindakan Pemulihan ke atas proses P & P yang bermasalah

Mengawal tingkah laku pelajar

TINDAKAN PENGETUA SEBAGAI PENILAI KURIKULUM Menentukan keberkesanan Pengajaran Guru Memberi ganjaran Kepada guru

Memantau kemajuan Murid

Mediagnos kekuatan dan Kelemahan murid

Memberi Gred kepada murid

Menyedia insentif untuk Murid

TASKS AND ROLES HAVE GIVEN WAY TO LISTS OF COMPETENCIES: EXPERTNESS IN PRINCIPALSHIP Political management Fiscal management Organizational management assessment Curriculum & instruction To enlist the expertise of staff for improving instruction

Leadership behavior Communication skills Group process

PRINCIPAL AS INSTRUCTIONAL LEADER

Cotton & Savard (1980)- Ciri Pemimpin Pembelajaran yang berkesan:
• Kerapkali membuat pemerhatian dan/ atau mengambil bahagian dalam pengajaran di kelas; • Komunikasi yang jelas kepada staf, tentang jangkaan terhadap program pengajaran. • Penglibatan dalam membuat keputusan berkaitan program pengajaran. • Penglibatan yang aktif dalam merancang dan menilai program pembelajaran • Mempamerkan jangkaan yang tinggi terhadap program pembelajaran.

Management in school is about managing people. The management in school is concerned with managing adults so that the work gets done. Four areas of managing people: 1. lead and motivate staff 2. delegate effectively 3. deal effectively with staff problems 4. have knowledge of relevant legislation.

HOW TO MOTIVATE TEACHERS & STUDENTS
DR FATANAH MOHAMED

DIRI SENDIRI MESTI BERMOTIVASI - YOU CANNOT GIVE OTHERS WHAT YOU DON’T HAVE-

MENGINSAFI SEJARAH PENDIDIKAN & NASIB BANGSA MELAYU
Kerjaya Profesional Bumiputra <30% Enrolmen di IPTA /IPTS 32% Ekuiti Bumiputra Di BSKL<30% <20% Enrolmen dalam Sains & Teknologi IPTA
Pendapatan Isi Rumah Bumiputra RM 2034 (Cina RM3737)

<10% IJAZAH KELAS I DI IPTA/IPTS

70% Penagihan Dadah Dan Jangkitan HIV

LEPAK/ PENGANGGURAN >50% Bumi

JUVANA/ PEMBUANGAN BAYI >60% Bumi

PELACURAN/ KHALWAT Majoriti Bumi

SISWAZAH UUM 1988 – 1999 MENGIKUT KAUM DAN IJAZAH
KELAS PERTAM A 5 175 1 181 KEDU A ATAS 1676 2590 187 23 4476 KEDUA JUMLAH BAWAH 6654 8335 217 469 73 7413 2982 657 96 12070

MELAY U CINA INDIA LAINLAIN JUMLA H

Sumber: Hal Ehwal Akademik UUM 1999

PERBANDINGAN PENCAPAIAN IJAZAH KELAS PERTAMA IPTA KONVOKESYEN 2000 KELAS PERTAMA
BUMIPUTERA BUKAN BUMIPUTERA

UNI MALAYA UNI KEB MSIA UNI SAIN MSIA UNI PUTRA UNI TEKNOLGI UNI UTARA

16 (0.7%) 6 (0.3%) 0.0 % 17 (0.5%) 7 (0.4%) 0.0 %

183 (11.3%) 39 (2.7%) 6 (1.9%) 56 (3.4%) 95 (10.8%) 10 (1.8 %)

Sentiasa mengingatkan diri bahawa:
“Allah tidak mengubah nasib sesuatu kaum, kecuali kaum itu sendiri mengubahnya ….” “Dan sesungguhnya balasan bagi seseorang ialah apa yang diusahakannya; sesungguhnya usahanya itu akan diperlihatkan (kepadanya). Kemudian dibalas dengan balasan yang amat sempurna”

SOALAN 1
• SILA NYATAKAN VISI & MISI MAKTAB / IKM/ PUSAT GIAT ANDA. • JIKA TIDAK PASTI, TULISKAN JUGA CIPTAKAN SEKARANG

visi & misi Diri
Apakah yang ingin dicapai?

Gambaran terhadap hasilan? Apakah Prestasi SEKOLAH anda

1.

MENYEMAK TUGASAN AKADEMIK: Penilaian & Peperiksaan • • • Kekerapan - prestasi Pembelajaran & Pengajaran/ Peralatan Adakah seperti yang diharapkan Pemantauan Guru – • • • • • • • analisis pencapaian guru mengikut kelas kehadiran di kelas mengikut jadual; Guru beres – menanda kerja pelajar/ mendisiplin Sukatan pelajaran tamat ikut schedule Bimbingan terhadap guru bermasalah Kursus dalaman untuk guru Kebajikan guru – pengiktirafan.

•MENYEMAK TUGASAN (HAL EHWAL AKADEMIK PELAJAR) •ASPEK PENGURUSAN PELAJAR •Output Pelajar – kehadiran/ prestasi/ analisis •Program Khusus •Pelajar cemerlang – program pecut/ motivasi/ pengiktirafan. •Pelajar sederhana – pengkayaan/motivasi. •Pelajar lemah – motivasi, kelas tambahan/ klinik KEMAHIRAN YANG PERLU DIBERI KEPADA PELAJAR – perancangan masa/ kemahiran belajar Pengurusan diri/minda pelajar •Perjumpaan Pengetua/HEA/HEP/ Kaunselor dg pelajar. •Hari Akademik

CONTOH

OBJEKTIF OPERASI MRSM JASIN
URUSAN PENDIDIKAN • Menjadikan MRSM Jasin sebagai sebuah institusi pendidikan yang cemerlang dalam bidang akademik dan kokurikulum. • Mencapai Gred Purata Keseluruhan 1.0 dalam peperiksaan SPM. • Menjadikan MRSM Jasin sebuah institusi pendidikan yang cemerlang dalam bidang sahsiah dan bidang keusahawanan. • Melaksanakan Program SEM (Schoolwide Enrichment Model) dengan menyediakan peluang, sumber dan perkhidmatan secara sistematik dan terancang untuk pembangunan bakat serta potensi para pelajarnya.

MELETAKKAN TARGET YANG TINGGI – MELAMPAUI APA YANG BOLEH DICAPAI
CONTOH:

SEMUA PELAJAR (100 %) A1 UNTUK SEMUA SUBJEK. SETIAP PELAJAR MENDAPAT 9A1/10A1 SETIAP SUBJEK 100% A1 GRED PURATA MRSM JASIN SPM = 1.0

PEMANTAUAN KHAS DARI PENGETUA
PROGRAM KHIDMAT MASYARAKAT KEM KECERGASAN MENTAL & FIZIKAL

KEM PELAJAR CEMERLANG

KEM PELAJAR RENDAH PENCAPAIAN

PENGETUA
KURSUS ASAS BTN
KEM REMAJA SOLEH/SOLEHAH

PELAJAR BERMASALAH

PERIBADI

DISIPLIN

AKADEMIK

3 important concepts of human behavior:
(3)Employees must be included in all parts of the process, every step of the way. Teamwork is the key here, not hierarchy. (2) People must be treated as individuals. Always acknowledge their importance and show them respect. They are people first employees second. (3) Superior work must be encouraged, recognized and awarded. Everyone responds to expectations. If you treat people as if they are capable and smart – and get out of the way – that’s exactly how they will perform.

INCLUDE PEOPLE Leaders create teams. They don’t issue orders from above. Leaders realize that the employees who actually do the work can actually make decisions. (Eg Analisis kelas kb)

You can’t motivate other people…. But you can provide the stimulus for them to motivate themselves!

Dalam segala usaha, tidak seorangpun dapat capai kecemerlangan tanpa kehendak dalaman (internal drive).

Leaders do not bribe or threaten or cajole the people who worked for them. They show the employees they are willing to take risks, encouraging them to do the same. A leader talks and lives the vision, twenty four hours a day.

Leaders must Motivate people • Leaders must take the time to enroll people in your thinking, your vision, your dream, your fantasy, whatever it is you are doing. Enroll them. • It takes time. It takes effort. It takes continual reinforcement. But you dont dictate. You enroll. • As a leader you make them to want to come along. You ride. You go.The point is that you are riding. And they want to ride along.

If you enroll one person, then you have a metamorphosis. You change someone, and that person becomes able to enroll ten people. They then become able to enroll a hundred people. (Mula-mula cikgu-cikgu kata ‘puan, you are asking for the impossible’. But after 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 10th, 20th, 30th days, they saw that it’s not a statement. It’s a way of life)

It’s a leader’s job to foster those feelings “We are in this together” “We are part of a team” “What we do is valuable” “We are the Best” That is the soil that real motivation grows in.

Real motivation will never flow from financial inducements alone, or for that matter, from a fear of being fired. DISCUSS (gaji sebagai motivator?) Fear is just as poor a motivator.

“There is only one way under heaven to get anybody to do anything and that is by making the other person want to do it. Remember there is no other way” (Dale Carnegie. The Leader in You)

So what do people want? Kajian di kalangan employers….. Kajian di kalangan employees….

So what do people want?
Health and the preservation of life. Food. Sleep. Money and the things money buy. Life in the hereafter. Sexual gratification. Well being of our children. A feeling of importance. Paling sukar dicapai: Freud : ‘desire to be great’ Dewey: ‘desire to be important’

Motivating people Give someone a real sense of purpose, the feeling that he or she is working for a valuable, mutually important goal. That’s where true motivation comes from, not just motivation to work

Give them the freedom to work as they see fit, and convey your belief in their abilities by getting out of the way. Example: ‘well, you know better than me –’ ‘ you know what’s best for the students’ ‘I’m not a Physic’s major – u know better!’ ‘Buatlah apa yang cikgu rasa patut- yang penting ia memanfaatkan pelajar / resultsya bagus’ Show people that you trust, respect, and care about them. Do that and you will be surrounded by motivated people.

People can never be forced to do an extra ordinary job. They will perform extra ordinarily only if they want to. The challenge is giving them a reason to want to. Arouse in the other person an eager want

Treat people with dignity. Communicate corporate values they can believe in. Give your employees the autonomy to decide how to get job done. People will only want to perform excellently if they feel like an important part of the organization. Employees need to be respected and included in a corporate vision they can embrace. That,s why their successes need to be rewarded, raised, and celebrated

Seorang pemimpin mesti mempunyai visi & misi yang jelas.

•Establish a real vision and a sense of values for the organizations they wish to lead.

Finding meaning and purpose in our workthe key to both personal fulfillment and professional success

A leader establishes standards and then stick to them. Well-focused, self-confident leadership is what turns a vision into reality.

PERANAN PP GURU diajar untuk Mempunyai Matlamat Yang Jelas – Begin With the End in Mind Setiap GURU meletakkan matlamat dan membayangkan 100% A1 dalam subjek yang diajarnya. (Training the Subconscious Mind) .

PERANAN PP PELAJAR diajar untuk Mempunyai Matlamat Yang Jelas – Begin With the End in Mind Setiap PELAJAR meletakkan matlamat dan membayangkan A1 dalam subjek yang diambilnya. (Training the Subconscious Mind) .

MENERAP NILAI KECEMERLANGAN DALAM SEMUA AKTIVITI YANG DIJALANKAN
THE NEED TO EXCELNOT JUST THE NEED TO AVOID FAILURE

YANG PALING PENTING SETIAP WARGA MAHU IKUT SERTA UNTUK MENCAPAI MATLAMAT DAN TARGET YANG DITETAPKAN

Sesungguhnya Allah sangat mengasihi seseorang yang apabila melakukan pekerjaannya, dia melakukannya dengan cara yang paling baik”
(Riwayat Thabrani)

Latih guru & kakitangan kita supaya mempunyai visi & misi yang positif If you don’t seek perfection, you can never reach excellence. Once you say you’re going to settle for second, that’s what happens to you in life. Be aware that the only ceiling life has is the one you give it. Nobody is a failure unless he consents to be one.

GURU DIBERI SUNTIKAN SEMANGAT SUPAYA … Have a dream, a big dream. You will never go any higher than you can dream. But you can go as high as you dream if you work at it, believe in it, and stick to it.

Williom J Hendersen (Post master General, US Postal Service) Buku: Wisdom of CEO “If you set high targets, people will strive to reach them, though it may seem impossible to many”. We have to raise the bench mark every year, Reach our goals, celebrate, And raise the bar again!

PEMIMPIN KENAL DIRI

MEMBUAT MUHASABAH DIRI

PEMIMPIN

• Sesiapa yang menonjolkan dirinya untuk menjadi pemimpin kepada orang ramai, ia perlulah mendidik dirinya terlebih dahulu sebelum mendidik orang lain.
• Saidina Alli

Adakah anda Banyak Membuat alasan (Theory of Relativity) ? Contoh

“Well, we are doing relatively well” “Ini bukanlah apa yang saya mahu, tapi apa yang boleh saya buat?” “Saya sedang mencuba, tapi andapun tahu ianya sukar.” “Well, berbanding dengan apa yang harus kita lalui, prestasi kita tidaklah teruk sangat.”

THE LEADER IS THE ROLE MODEL OF EXCELLENCE.

Ciri Pemimpin – mesra & berilmu
Leaders must be close enough to relate to others, but far enough ahead to motivate them. As a leader, we must live and move beyond where the people are. If the people are to follow you, ... You must be ahead of them.

PEMIMPIN = AMANAH ALLAH

A leader must go beyond being a peoplepleaser to being a God-pleaser. If our need for the people’s affirmation exceeds our need for God’s affirmation, we’re in trouble.
- Ken Blanchard.1999. The Heart of a Leader.

Leadership sometimes doing what’s unpopular. A ship in harbor is safe, but that is not what ships were built for.

YOU CAN’T SEE THE FINAL DESTINATION, IT’S A MATTER OF MOVING FORWARD, TRUSTING THAT GOD IS LEADING YOU ACCORDING TO HIS PURPOSE.

Pengurusan Minda Positive thinking Thinking big

Contoh Percakapan Dengan Diri
1. “Fatanah, kau jagalah hak Allah. Amanah dan ikhlas menjalankan tanggungjawabmu. Tidak mengapa jika manusia marah, kerana kamu masih punyai Allah. Tetapi jika Allah marah kepadamu, engkau tidak punya apa-apa!” Firman Allah ‘Jika engkau cuba menjaga hati seseorang tanpa menjaga hak Allah ....’ 2. “Fatanah, sometimes you have to swim against the tide, ‘coz if you float along, you will drift..” 3. “Fatanah, dalam membuka durian, mungkin jarimu akan terluka, tapi ia akan memudahkan orang yang kemudian”. 4. “Fatanah, jadikanlah dirimu seperti sebuah batu di tengah lautan. Ombak dan badai pergi dan datang. Kau tetap teguh di situ..”

Bercakap dengan diri (FM)
• 5. “Fatanah, menjadi ketua adalah seperti artis. Engkau adalah kepunyaan ramai. Segala gerak gerimu diperhatikan. Jika kamu bertindak betul itu adalah yang sepatutnya -expected of you. Jika engkau tersilap, itulah yang akan disensasikan.Jangan kecewa...Yang penting engkau sentiasa bertindak betul di sisi Allah.” • 6. “Fatanah, Jika engkau telah melakukan yang terbaik dan berjaya, janganlah engkau harapkan balasan atau pujian dari sesiapa. Jika perlu, engkau tepuk sendiri bahumu dan bersyukur kepada Allah Swt kerana memberi kudrat kepadamu dan mengharapkan balasan hanya dari Allah”.

KENAPA ORANG TIDAK CEMERLANG
• • • • • • • • • • Tidak berani nengambil risiko Kurang ketabahan hati Tidak boleh tangguh untuk bergembira Tidak menyusun keutamman Mencari jalan mudah Pentingkan diri Kurang kesungguhan Tidak memahami hukum alam (law of cause & effect) Tidak merancang Mencari helah • • • • • • • • • • Tidak belajar dari kesilapan Tidak memanfaatkan peluang Takut Tidak menggunakan bakat yang ada Kurang berdisiplin Estim diri rendah Kurang pengetahuan Berserah kepada nasib Tiada matlamat Kurang keyakinan diri

PENGIKTIRAFAN SEBAGAI PENDORONG B. Pengiktirafan kepada pelajar cemerlang Akademik – TPNG >3.5; top 40 Homeroom – Best academic; ko-q Ko-kurikulum- peringkat negeri/ kebangsaan B. Pengiktirafan kepada guru/ kakitangan cemerlang: Akademik – subjek yang mencapai target Kokurikulum – pencapaian peringkat negeri & kebangsaan. Penasihat Homeroom terbaik Rumah sukan terbaik

Become interested in your people (teachers & students) and let them know that you are. Treat people like people. Be nice to your people and treat them with respect. Invest liberally in your people , and don’t expect this automatically to produce new results. Enhance human resources by establishing new extreme-type expectations for your people.

Get to know your people. They should be treated like family members. You cant expect people to do things that you wouldn’t do yourself. You’ve got to care about them sincerely. Then you can get the same level of respect back

Acknowledge a job well done. Don’t just expect it. There’s a little child in every one of us, waiting to be praised. So don’t forget: people want to be told when they have done a good job. Use praise liberally and often.

Let people in your life know that you respect them, that you appreciate their work, that they are important to you and that you want them to learn, grow, and reach their potential. MOTIVATION CAN NEVER BE FORCED. PEOPLE HAVE TO WANT TO DO A GOOD JOB

• Dealing with people is like digging gold: When you go looking for gold, you have to move tons of dirt to get an ounce of gold. But when you go looking, you don’t go looking for the dirt, you go looking for the gold.

JENIS GANJARAN- PELAJAR
• HARI ANUGERAH • Cemerlang SPM • Cemerlang Tingkatan • Cemerlang subjek • Cemerlang kokurikulum • Cemerlang sahsiah – akhlak, serba boleh, kepimpinan • Anugerah khas • • • • • • HARI SUKAN Events Rumah terbaik Perbarisan terbaik Kerjasama terbaik Perbarisan pakaian seragam terbaik • Olahragawan/wati • Guru penasihat terbaik

JENIS GANJARAN- GURU
• HARI ANUGERAH • Subjek pencapaian A1/2 >95% • Subjek khas pencapaian A1/2 >60% • Subjek menduduki tempat 1-2 MRSM • Subjek menduduki 110 kebangsaan • Subjek lonjakan tertinggi • KOKURIKULUM • Guru penasihat/ pengiring bagi pencapaian peringkat nasional • Sumbangan khas guru kepada Maktab

JENIS GANJARAN- KAKITANGAN
• HARI ANUGERAH • LPP terbaik 1-3 • Sumbangan khas kakitangan kepada Maktab. • • • • HARI PEKERJA Hadiah untuk semua HARI KELUARGA Cabutan bertuah untuk semua peserta. • JAMUAN AKHIR TAHUN UNTUK SEMUA

We cant choose the direction of the wind, but we can choose how we set our sail.

How staff members feel about students is manifested both directly & indirectly. when students are ridiculed or embarrassed by teachers or when their Assignment are not returned in a timely manner with appropriate evidence of examination, students are unlikely to feel supported and cared for. Students value opportunities to express concern and to be listened to.

Interaksi Dengan Diri

Interaksi Dengan Orang Lain

Jenis Masalah

Interaksi Dengan Organisasi/ Institusi

Interaksi Dengan Masyarakat

Masalah Juvana

Isu Pencapaian
Kewangan Isu Keremajaan MASALAH PERIBADI Isu Kesihatan Jiwa

Gangguan Rakan Masalah Keluarga

MASALAH PELAJAR PINTAR
Role conflicts

Anxiety Perfectionism

Isu berkaitan GiftednessVulnerabilities

stress

High expectation from others

Intensities Loneliness
argumentativeness
Thoughts

emotion purpose soul

Hard to find true peers

Social isolation

WHAT MATTERS MOST • • • • • • • Confidentiality Authenticity Empathy Listening Skills Unconditional Positive regards Consultation with other professionals should be utilized wherever possible. When the counselee’s conditions indicate that there is a clear and imminent danger to the counselee or others, we are expected to take direct personal action or to inform responsible authorities.

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