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Notes on Husserl's Vienna Lecture

Paul Anthony di Georgio

year: 1935
themes: reason/rationality, foundations of scientific knowledge, subjectivity v. objectivity, man v.
nature
the idea of a crisis
roots in a misguided rationalism (7)
philosophy as a historical fact v. philosophy as idea (of infinite task)
philosophy as universal knowledge only through constant reflexivity (8)
comments on naturalism and objectivism (8)
guiding star of the sciences (9)
we find at the very beginnings of philosophy the materialism and determinism of Democritus
split of dualism (9)
the human belongs to the sphere of objective facts, but as persons, as egos, men have goals,
ends, normals given by the tradition, norms of truth eternal norms
reality of the spirit as a supposed real annex to bodies [] is an absurdity (10)
someone who is raised on science takes it for granted that the subjective is to be excluded (10, bottom)
how formulae in general. (11, top)
mathematical natural science is, in terms of the rationality of its methods and theories, thoroughly
relative (11, middle)
I think that an objective science of the spirit, an objective theory of the soul objective in the sense
that it attributes to souls, to personal communities, inexistence in the forms of space-time has never
existed and will never exist (12)
The spirit, and indeed only the spirit, exists in itself and for itself, is self-sufficient' and in its self-

sufficiency, and only in this way, it can be treated truly rationally, truly and from the ground up
scientifically. As for nature, however... (12)
Only when the spirit returns from its naive external orientation to itself, and remains with itself and
purely with itself, can it be sufficient unto itself. (13)
Brentano and the beginning of transcendental phenomenology
two escapes from European crisis (14)
1. downfall
2. rebirth one which must overcome naturalism