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Year 12 Trial Exam Paper

2014
SPECIALIST MATHEMATICS
Written examination 1

Worked solutions

This book presents:


worked solutions, giving you a series of points to show
you how to work through the questions
mark allocations
tips on how to approach the questions

This trial examination produced by Insight Publications is NOT an official VCAA paper for the 2014 Year 12 Specialist
Mathematics 1 written examination.
This examination paper is licensed to be printed, photocopied or placed on the school intranet and used only within the
confines of the purchasing school for examining their students. No trial examination or part thereof may be issued or passed
on to any other party including other schools, practising or non-practising teachers, tutors, parents, websites or publishing
agencies without the written consent of Insight Publications.
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Question 1a.
Worked solution
Im(z)
3

(2, 0)

(-1, 0)
-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

Re(z)

-1

-2

-3

y is a ray starting from (2, 0) at angle to the positive real axis.


Arg( z 2) =
tan 1

x2
y is a ray starting from (1, 0) at angle to the positive real axis.
Arg( z + 1) =
tan 1

x +1
Since Arg(z 2) = Arg(z + 1),
y
y
1
1
=
=
tan

tan

x2
x +1

y
y
=
x 2 x +1
y=
0

=
tan =
(0) 0 or .
Arg( z 2) = Arg( z + 1) along the real axis.
For = 0 , x > 2 x > 1 x > 2.
For = , x < 2 x < 1 x < 1.

Mark allocation: 3 marks

1 mark for justifying = 0 or .


1 mark for the correct ray from (2, ).
1 mark for the correct ray from ( , 1).

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Question 1b.
Worked solution
P ( z ) = z 3 (4 + i ) z 2 + (5 + 4i ) z 5i
= ( z i )( z 2 4 z + 5)
= ( z i )( z 2 4 z + 4 + 1)
=( z i )[( z 2) 2 + 1]
P( z ) =
( z i )( z 2 + i )( z 2 i )
The other factors are ( z 2 + i ) and ( z 2 i ).

Mark allocation: 2 marks

1 mark for the correct factor ( z 2 + i ) .


1 mark for the correct factor ( z 2 i ) .

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Question 2
Worked solution
log e x
x
x =1 y =
0
y=

log e x
V =
. dx
x

1
e

(log e x ) 2
. dx
x
1

Let u = log e x
du 1

=
dx x
x = e u = log e (e) =1
x =1 u =log e (1) =0
1

V = u2.
0

du
. dx
dx

= u 2 . du
0
1

u3
=
3 0
1

= 0

3
=

cubic units

Mark allocation: 4 marks

1 mark for the correct integral representing the volume.


1 mark for using the appropriate substitution to antidifferentiate.
1 mark for correctly antidifferentiating.
1 mark for the correct answer.

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Question 3
Worked solution
ye x

+2x

+ xe y =2 x + 1

2
d
d
( ye x + 2 x + xe y )=
(2 x + 1)
dx
dx
2
dy 2
dy
2
(2 x + 2). e x + 2 x . y + . e x + 2 x + e y + xe y . =
dx
dx
2
dy 2
2
(2 x + 2). e x + 2 x . y + e y + (e x + 2 x + xe y ) =
dx
2
dy x2 + 2 x
(e
+ xe y ) =
2 (2 x + 2). e x + 2 x . y e y
dx

dy 2 (2 x + 2). e x + 2 x . y e y
=
2
dx
( e x + 2 x + xe y )
2

Substituting (0, 1) gives:


dy 2 2e0 .1 e1
=
dx
( e 0 + 0)

= e
The gradient of the normal is

1
.
e

1
( x 0)= e 1 x is the equation of the normal.
e
y =1 + e 1 x

1
y =

Mark allocation: 3 marks

1 mark for differentiating correctly.


dy
1 mark for correctly evaluating
at (0, 1).
dx
1 mark for the correct equation of the normal.

Tip

The relation must be differentiated implicitly to obtain the gradient.

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Question 4a.
Worked solution


r=
tan (t )i + tj , where t 0, .
2
x = tan t
t =
tan 1 x
y =t
tan 1 x
y =


t 0, 0 tan 1 x <
2
2

tan 0 x < tan


2
Domain is [0, ).
Mark allocation: 2 marks

1 mark for the correct Cartesian equation.


1 mark for the correct domain.

Question 4b.
Worked solution

f ( x) = tan 1 x
1
f ( x) =
1 + x2
Mark allocation: 1 mark

1 mark for the correct answer.

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Question 4c.
Worked solution
y

y = 1 + x2

3
2
dy =
dy
1
= 1 22
dx
dx (11++ xx )

(0, 1) o

-4

-3

-2

-1

-1
-2

-3
-4

Mark allocation: 2 marks

1 mark for the correct maximum turning point and asymptotes.


1 mark for a correctly shaped curve.

Tip

Sketch the graph of y = 1 + x2, then obtain the graph of its reciprocal.

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y=0

Question 5a.i.
Worked solution
N
motion
80g

R =N 80 g =
80 0.2
N = 80( g + 0.2) = 80 10 = 800
800
Scale reading is
kg.
g

Mark allocation: 1 mark

1 mark for the correct answer.

Question 5a.ii.
Worked solution

N = 60 g
R = 60 g 80 g = 80 a
80a = 20 g
20 g g
=
a
=
80
4
g
The acceleration is
m/s2 .
4
Mark allocation: 1 mark

1 mark for the correct answer.

Tip

The normal reaction is equal to the reading on the scales.

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Question 5b.
Worked solution

R = 500 g 0.6 x 2 = 500a


a = g 0.0012 x 2
a=

d 1 2
2
v = g 0.0012 x
dx 2

v2
= gx 0.0004 x 3 + c
2
v 2 =
2 gx 0.0008 x 3 + 2c
But when x = 0, v = 0.
2c =
0
2
v = 2 gx 0.0008 x 3
When x = 50 :

v 2 = 100 g 0.0008 125 1000


v 2 = 100 g 100 = 100( g 1)

=
v 10 g 1
So a = 10 and b = 1.
Mark allocation: 3 marks

1 mark for the correct acceleration.


1 mark for correctly expressing v2 in terms of x.
1 mark for evaluating a and b correctly.

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10

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11

Question 6
Worked solution

AB
= 2b 2 a

b~ a~
AE =

CE =CA + AE =2 a~ + (b~ a)
=a~ + b~
~

CF = b~


AF =
CA + CF =
2 a~ + b~

CM
= kCE
= k (a~ + b)
~


FM =CF + CM = b~ + k (a~ + b)
~

FM = k a~ + ( k 1) b~


= 2 a~ b~
FA =
CF + CA

But FM is parallel to FA.


k k 1
=
2
1
k = 2k 2

3k = 2
2
k=
3
2
CM =
CE
3
1
ME =
CE
3

Point M divides CE in the ratio 2 :1.


Mark allocation: 4 marks

1 mark for the correctly finding CM .

1 mark for correctly finding FM .


1 mark for obtaining the correct value of k.

1 mark for showing CM = 2CE .

Tip

If two vectors a~ and b~ are parallel, then a~ = k b.


~

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12

Question 7
Worked solution

dJ
J

dt
dJ
= kJ
dt
dt 1 1 1
=
=
dJ kJ k J
1 1
t = dJ
k J
1
t log e J + c
=
k
Or

t = A log e J + c
t = 0, J = J o

A log e J o + c = 0
c = log
A e Jo
t = A log e J A log e J o
t = A log e
When t = 0.1, J is
0.1 = A log e
A=

J
Jo

1
th of its original strength,=
J 101 J o .
10

101 J o
= A log e 10
Jo

0.1
log e 10

=
t

0.1
J
log e
Jo
log e 10

When J is one-millionth of its original strength,=


J 106 J o .
=
t

0.1
106 J o
log e
Jo
log e 10

=
t

0.1
log e 106
log e 10

0.1
6log e 10
log e 10
t=
0.6 s

=
t

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13

Mark allocation: 4 marks

dJ
correctly.
dt
1 mark for correctly antidifferentiating to express t as a function of J.
1 mark for expressing t in terms of J and J o .
1 mark for the correct answer.
1 mark for setting up a differential equation for

Tip

Let Jo represent the original value of the electric current, or simply let Jo = 1
or any arbitrary number.

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14

Question 8
Worked solution

sec (4 ) = 8
1
cos (4 ) =
8
1
2 cos2 (2 ) 1 =
8
9
2 cos2 (2 ) =
8
9
cos2 (2 ) =
16

3
cos(2
=
)
since 0 2 .
4
4
3
2 cos2 ( ) 1 =
4
7
2 cos2 ( ) =
4
7
cos2 ( ) =
8

7
=
cos( )
since 0 .
8
8

87 =
1 (Pythagoras theorem)

1
tan( ) =
7

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15

Mark allocation: 3 marks

1 mark for correctly evaluating cos(2 ).


1 mark for correctly evaluating cos( ).
1 mark for the correct answer.

Tip

Use the identity=


cos(2a ) 2 cos 2 (a ) 1 .

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16

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17

Question 9a.
Worked solution

x
1 + x2
1 (1 + x 2 ) x 2 x

f ( x) =
2
(1 + x 2 )
f ( x) =

f ( x ) =

1 + x2 2 x2

(1 + x )
(1 x )
f ( x ) =
(1 + x )

2 2

2 2

Mark allocation: 1 mark

1 mark for differentiating correctly.

Question 9b.
Worked solution
x -intercepts:
a (1 x 2 ) =
0
a (1 x )(1 + x ) =
0
x=
1 or x =
1

a (1 x 2 )
(1 + x 2 )2 .dx
1
1

Area =

ax
=
2
1 + x 1
a a
=

2 2
=a
The area is a square units.

Mark allocation: 3 marks

1 mark for correctly finding the x-intercepts.


1 mark for antidifferentiating correctly.
1 mark for the correct answer.

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18

Question 10a.
Worked solution
branch

post
3T N

tyre
TN
8g N

Mark allocation: 1 mark

1 mark for labelling the three forces correctly.

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19

Question 10b.
Worked solution

3T

8g
T

( 3T ) 2
T 2 + (8 g ) 2 =
3T 2
T 2 + 64 g 2 =
64 g 2
2T 2 =
T 2 = 32 g 2
T=
4 2g

The tension in the rope attached to the post is 4 2 g newtons.

Mark allocation: 2 marks

1 mark for correctly setting up a triangle of forces.


1 mark for the correct answer.

Tip

Three forces acting on a particle that is in equilibrium can be expressed as a


triangle of forces.

END OF SOLUTIONS BOOK

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