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CENTRAL TENDENCY: "Center" of

the Data
Author Information

First and Last Name:

Diamada, Elaiza P.
Diapera, Nia Charisse

Email Address:

diamadae@yahoo.com
ncdiapera@gmail.com

Name of School:

Ocaa National High School

Division:

Carcar City Division

Municipality/City, Province, Region:

Carcar City, Cebu, Region VII

Country:

Philippines

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Unit Overview
Unit Plan Title:

Central Tendency: Mean, Median, Mode

Curriculum-Framing Questions

Essential Question

What are the different ways of finding the center of the data?

Unit Questions

How are the Measures of the Central Tendency used in


identifying the center of the data?
How to compute the center of the data using mean?
median? mode?

Content Questions

What is mean? median? mode?

Unit Summary:

There are three measures of Central Tendency, namely: Mean, Median, and Mode.
The mean (or average) is the most popular and well known measure of central tendency. The
mean is equal to the sum of all the values in the data set divided by the number of values in
the data set. The median is the middle score for a set of data that has been arranged in order
of magnitude. The mode is the most frequent score in our data set. On a histogram it
represents the highest bar in a bar chart or histogram.
Through group activity, with each group having different situational problems, the
students share their knowledge on how to compute the center of the data given. Through the
use of MS Excel, the students can easily manipulate the data.
Subject Area(s): Click box(es) of the subject(s) that your Unit targets

Business Education
Engineering
Home Economics
Language Arts
Music
School to Career
Social Studies

Drama
Foreign Language
Industrial Technology
Mathematics
Physical Education
Science
Technology

Other: English
Other: Filipino
Other: Makabayan

Grade Level: Click box(es) of the grade level(s) that your Unit targets

Kindergarten
Grade 1 -3
Grade 4 - 6
1st Year High School

2nd Year High School


3rd Year High School
4th Year High School
English as a Second
Language

Gifted and Talented


Resource
Other

Targeted Philippine Basic Education Curriculum Competencies

PSLC in Mathematics (K-12 System)


Grade 7(4th Quarter - Statistics and Probability
>calculates the measures of central tendency of ungrouped data
Student Objectives/Learning Outcomes:

A. define measures of central tendency, mean, median, and mode.


B. discuss the uses of the measures of central tendency in real-life situations.
C. solve real-life problems that involve finding the center of the data.
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Procedures:

Day 1
1. The teacher lets the students listen to a music entitled "Mean, Median, Mode, and
Range (Lazy Song Parody)" for motivation.
2. The students are given handouts that contain the topic for the discussion.
3. Discuss the Mean to the class and how it is computed. Give students various
examples. (Discussion is through a PowerPoint Presentation)
4. Let the students give their own examples which involve solving for mean. Ask them
if they have questions and answer it.
5. Continue the discussion on Mode and give an example. In giving the example, the
teacher shows to the class a brochure of different mobile networks and asks the
students which network/s they are using. The network which is used mostly by the
students is considered as the mode. (Discussion is through a PowerPoint
Presentation)
6. Continue discussing about Median and give various examples. (Discussion is
through a PowerPoint Presentation)
7. To assess students' learning, the teacher gives worksheets on Mean, Median, and
Mode. Let the students answer the worksheet individually. After answering is the
checking of answers that involves participation of students.
8. The teacher gives an assignment which is found in the class' group wall in
Facebook.
9. For further understanding about the topic and if the students have confusions, the
teacher lets them watch a video found in YouTube.
Day 2
1. Checking of assignment.
2. The teacher gives a group activity involving MS Excel. Group the class into four. In
the group, let the students get the ages, height, and weight of each members and
encode the gathered data in MS Excel. Compute the Mean, Median, and Mode of the
data using MS Excel.
Day 3
1. Determine the students' mastery of the topic through giving of quiz.
Approximate Time Needed:

Three 60-minute (three sessions)


Prerequisite Skills:

Conceptual knowledge about Statistics and technological skills on how to use MS


Excel to compute the measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) of a
statistical data.
Materials and Resources Required For Unit

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Technology Hardware: (Click boxes of all equipment needed)


Camera
Laser Disk
Computer(s)
Printer
Digital Camera
Projection System
DVD Player
Scanner
Internet Connection
Television
Technology Software: (Click boxes of all software needed.)
Database/Spreadsheet
Multimedia
Web Page Development
E-mail Software
Image Processing
Word Processing
Encyclopedia on CD-ROM
Printed Materials:

VCR
Video Camera
Video Conferencing
Equipment.
Other:

Web Browser
Desktop Publishing
Other:

handouts for the discussion and copies for the activity

Supplies:

Internet Resources:

https://statistics.laerd.com/statistical-guides/measures-centraltendency-mean-mode-median.php
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IV_m_uZOUgI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXPvC8D_ptE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IHginNwss5c&app=desktop
http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algebra/ad2/measure.htm

Others:
Accommodations for Differentiated Instruction

Resource
Student:
Gifted Student:

Give exercises and assignments.


Let the students conduct a survey depending on the learners'
choice.

Student Assessment:

Give a quiz as an assessment to be conducted by the teacher.

Key Word Search:

Measures of Central Tendency


Mean
Median
Mode

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