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ProblemStatementResearchReport

AlexHarrison CentennialCanCrushers
Meandmycompany,CentennialCanCrushers,havebeentaskedtocreateacancrusher
thatcrushescandownto70%theiroriginalsize.Wearechallengedwithincludingmultiple
elementstothecrusher.Theseelementsincludebutarenotlimitedtousingelectricalcontrol,
pneumatics,andac/dcintelligence.Eachoftheseelementsare
limitedbyconstraints.Cancrusherscanbecommonhousehold
appliances.Theyareusedtoshrinkdownthesizeofaluminum
canssotheytakeuplessspacewhenthrownaway.Theyalso
increasethespeedandefficiencyofrecyclingthemsincetheir
volumehaslowered.Recyclingincludesthedisposal,
decommissioning,andreuseofcomponentsandmaterials.Thecancrusherwasinventedto
speedupthatprocessforaneverydaycomponentsuchasaluminumcans.Inventingsomething
involvedtheidentificationofaneed,inthiscasetheneedistoincreasethespeedittakesto
recyclematerialsandcomponentsandreusethem.
Aluminumcanscomeinavarietyofsizesandsomeofthemarerelativelylarge.There
areafewtypesofcancrushersandtheycomewithadjustablecomponentstocompensateforthe
varietyofaluminumcansizes.Someofthemaremechanicalandothersaremanual.Themost
commoncancrusherareonesthataresimilartothepictureabove.Thecancrusherbeingmade
atCentennialCanCrusherswillmemechanical.Itwillincludeautomaticpressingwithapush
buttonswitchaswellasautomaticdispensingofthecrushedcan.Thedesignwillinclude

elementsofpneumatics,electricalcontrol,aswellasutilizingAC/DCcontrolaspects.Itwillbe
ascompactaspossibleandbeasefficientasitcanpossiblybe.
Theveryfirstcancrusherwasthehumanfoot.Eventually
somebodycamealongandthoughtthatthiswasaveryineffective
wayofcrushingcans.Theyalsothoughtabouthowcanthisbe
madeeasier.Thusthecancrusherwasborn.Sincethenithasbeen
remodeledandimprovedfromasimpleleveronthewallorfloortohydraulicpressesatthepush
ofabutton.
TheconstraintsfortheCentennialCanCrusherscancrusherareasfollow:
Usesapneumaticcylindertocrushthecansviaamechanismofsometype.Hasanelectricrelay
controlsystemthatcontrolsthepneumaticpoweredcancrushingoperation.Crushescansto70%
oforiginalsize.Hasanelectricalpowersystemthatsatisfiestheelectricalpowerrequirementsof
thesystem.Providescircuitprotectiondevicesforthesystem.Providesameansofremoving
powerfromthesystembypressingstop.Hasapushbutton.Hasatleastonecomponent
manufacturedbyaCNCmachine.Hasatleastonecomponentmanufacturedwithamanual
machinetool.Hasacanejectionsystemthatejectscansusingamechanism.Thismechanismcan
bepoweredandcontrolledbyeitherpneumatics,electrical,oracombinationistriggeredbythe
retractstrokeofthecancrusher.Usesarobotthatperformstheloadingoffreshcansintothecan
crusher.Interfaceswiththeelectricrelaycontrolsystem(operatesthecancrusher)tosignalthe
startandstopoftheprocess.Usesapushbuttontostarttheprocessofpickingupacanand
loadingitintothecancrusher.Hasastructurethatholdsthecantobecrushedinplace.Can
mounttoatabletop.Isstrongenoughtowithstandtheforcesplacedonit.Hasatleastone

precisionmadepartwithatolerancethatcanonlybemeasuredreliablybyacaliperor
micrometer.