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Learning Theory Statement

This WebQuest is underpinned by two evidence based learning theories;


Multiple Intelligence and Constructivism.
Multiple Intelligence Theory (MIT) is a learner-based philosophy that
describes nine different intelligences; mathematical-logical, verbal-linguistic,
musical-rhythmic, bodily-kinaesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, visualspatial and naturalist (Tamilselvi & Geetha, 2015). According to Gardner, each
student will possess different levels and combinations of the intelligences
(Tamilselvi & Geetha, 2015). Traditionally, schools have focussed mainly on
two intelligences, those associated with academic intelligence, that is,
linguistic and logical/mathematical (Tamilselvi & Geetha, 2015). The
curriculum today, is better balanced in order to reflect a wider range of
intelligences (Tamilselvi & Geetha, 2015). All students should be provided with
learning opportunities to nurture their talents and abilities, and assessment
methodologies should reflect the multiple nature of intelligences (Tamilselvi &
Geetha, 2015).
The material and content of our WebQuest caters for a wide range of students
and their multiple intelligences. The table below details Gardeners multiple
intelligences and also lists the WebQuest characteristics to engage these
learning styles.
Children who are
highly:

How they think

Webquest
characteristics

Linguistic

In words

Reference resources to
attain information,
videos, language for
infographic, poster and
presentation

Logical- Mathematical

By reasoning

Scientific concepts
surrounding waste
management and
recycling, questioning,
calculating (in statistics
for infographic)

Spatial

In images and pictures

Designing and
visualising infographics,
poster designs and a
presentation

Bodily-Kinaesthetic

Through somatic
sensation

Ability to get up and


investigate current
school environment,

take photos for


infographics and video
footage for
advertisement
Musical

Via rhythms and


melodies

Song choices and jingle


lyrics to accompany
advertisement students
will create

Interpersonal

Bouncing ideas from


other people

Team work focus

Intrapersonal

In relation to their
needs, feelings and
goals

There are also


individual tasks
assigned- allowing for
time alone, reflection
and personal choices

Naturalist

Through nature and


natural forms

Environmental impact
focus, chance to make a
positive difference to
own school environment

Our WebQuest is also influenced by the Constructivism learning theory. The


Constructivism approach is learner-centred and features the following
essential elements: learning is the focus rather than instruction and
cooperative learning, collaboration and open discussion is encouraged
(Sharma, 2014). The teacher creates meaningful and imaginative learning
opportunities where students learn individually, from one another and by
society and the environment at large (Sharma, 2014). The teacher has a
facilitator or support role and more freedom is given to the students for
learning and expression (Sharma, 2014). Students are more engaged in their
learning as they are actively involved in real-world contextual based activities.
(Sharma, 2014).
Our WebQuest is a student led journey, where the teacher is there to facilitate
and nurture learning, exploration and creativity. The real-world context of
looking after our environment and taking action locally both at school and at
home is pertinent, meaningful and imbues students with the sense of having
an achievable and valuable impact on society, making positive changes both
now and into the future.
References
Sharma, R. K. (2014). Constructivism- an approach to enhance participatory
teaching learning. Gyanodaya, 7(2), 12-12-17.

Tamilselvi, B., & Geetha, D. (2015). Efficacy in teaching through "multiple


intelligence" instructional strategies. Journal on School Educational
Technology, 11(2), 1-1-10.