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GeneralProbability

1. Abagcontains4white,5redand6blueballs.Threeballsaredrawnatrandom
fromthebag.Theprobabilitythatallofthemarered,is:

2. Twocardsaredrawntogetherfromapackof52cards.Theprobabilitythatoneis
aspadeandoneisaheart,is:

3. Onecardisdrawnatrandomfromapackof52cards.Whatistheprobabilitythat
thecarddrawnisafacecard(Jack,QueenandKingonly)?

4. Abagcontains6blackand8whiteballs.Oneballisdrawnatrandom.Whatis
theprobabilitythattheballdrawniswhite?

5. Whatistheprobabilityofrollingastandard6sideddieonanevennumberand
flippingacoinonheads?

IndependentandDependentProbability
1. Youpickamarbleatrandom.Thereisayellowandbluemarble.Withoutputting
thefirstmarbleback,youpickasecondmarbleatrandom.WhatisP(yellow,
blue)?Writeyouranswerasapercentage.

2. Youpickacardatrandom.Thereare3redand7purple.Withoutputtingthefirst
cardback,youpickasecondcardatrandom.WhatisP(purple,red)?Simplify
youranswerandwriteitasafractionorwholenumber.

3. Youpickacardatrandom,putitback,andthenpickanothercardatrandom.
Therecardsarelabeledwithnumbers.Thenumbersare5,6,7and8.WhatisP(8,
odd)?Writeyouranswerasapercentage.

4. Youpickacardatrandom.Thereare4redcards,1orangecard,and1greencard.
Withoutputtingthefirstcardback,youpickasecondcardatrandom.Whatis
P(red,red)?Simplifyyouranswerandwriteitasafractionorwholenumber.

5. Youpickacardatrandom.Thereare6purplecardsand1greencard.Without
puttingthefirstcardback,youpickasecondcardatrandom.WhatisP(green,
purple)?Simplifyyouranswerandwriteitasafractionorwholenumber.


PermutationsandCombinations
1. Solve: 7P 4

2. Solve: 8C 5x7C 3

3. Howmany3letterwordscanwemakewiththelettersinthewordTOUR?

4. IntheLongBeachAirRacesixplanesareenteredandtherearenoties,inhow
manywayscanthefirstthreefinisherscomein?

5. Towinthesmallcountylottery,onemustcorrectlyselect3numbersfrom30
numbers.Theorderinwhichtheselectionismadedoesnotmatter.Howmany
differentselectionsarepossible?

TheoreticalandExperimentalProbability
1. Youplant30Africanvioletseedsand9ofthemsprout.Useexperimented
probabilitytopredicthowmanywillsproutifyouplant20seeds?

2. Ifyourollanumbercube36times,howmanytimeswouldyouexpecttorollthe
numberone?

3. Youflipacoin50totaltimesandtheresultsareshownbelow:(usefor13)

Outcomes

Frequency

Heads

26

Tails
Total

24
50

Whatistheexperimentalprobabilityoflandingonheads?

4.Agrocerystoreemployeecountedhowmanycartonsofeachflavorofyogurtwere
soldyesterday.Herearetheresults:(usefor#17)
Cherry

10

Blueberry

Blackberry

Whatistheexperimentalprobabilitythatthenextcartonofyogurtsoldwillbe
blueberry?

5.Maxsurveyedsomestudentsathisschoolabouttheirfavoriteclasses.Theresultsare
below:(usefor#21)
German

French

Spanish

Choir

History

WhatistheexperimentalprobabilitythatthenextstudentMaxtalkstowillpick
Spanish?

ConditionalProbability
1. Iftwocardsaredrawnwithoutreplacementfromadeck,findtheprobabilitythat
thesecondcardisadiamond,giventhatthefirstcardwasadiamond.

2. Ifthreecardsaredrawnwithoutreplacementfromadeck,findtheprobability
thatthethirdcardisafacecard,giventhatthefirstcardwasakingandthe
secondcardwasa9.

3. Asixsideddieistossed.Whatistheprobabilitythatitshows2ifyouknowit
showsanevennumber.

4. OnecontainerholdsthelettersDADandasecondcontainerholdsthelettersA
DD.Oneletterischosenrandomlyfromthefirstcontainerandaddedtothe
secondcontainer,thenaletterwillbechosenfromthesecondcontainer.Whatis
theprobabilitythatthesecondletterchosenisDifthefirstletterwasA?

5. Inanexperiment,theprobabilitythatevent
A
occursis3/7,theprobabilitythat
event
B
occursis,andtheprobabilitythatevents
A
and
B
occuris.Whatis
theprobabilitythat
A
occursgiventhat
B
occurs?