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3/28/2016
New Civil Rights Movements

Key Terms:
affirmative action policy favoring minorities in
college admissions or employment decisions
judicial activism idea that some judges attempt to
create new law rather than interpret the law

Announcements
New seating charts
Tutorials calendar

Chicano Movement
Rising Mexican
immigration in 1960s
MAYO (MexicanAmerican Youth
Organization) and La
Raza Unida form to
register MexicanAmerican voters, fight for
rights

Chicano Movement
Cesar Chavez & Dolores Huerta form
United Farm Workers, led strikes on grape
growers (1965-1970)

American Indian Movement


1969, American Indians seize island of
Alcatraz in protest
American Indian Movement (AIM) founded
to fight for native rights

American Indian Movement


Wounded Knee, SD taken over by activists
in 1973
US Government renegotiates treaties,
passes 1972 Indian Education Act

Feminist Movement
Betty Friedan, writes
Feminine Mystique
(1963), describing
unhappiness of suburban
housewives launches
feminist movement
Friedan & others found
NOW (National
Organization of Women)
Gloria Steinem founds
Ms. Magazine (1972)

Feminist Movement
Equal Pay Act (1963) equal
pay for equal work
Title IX requires equal rights
for women in education
Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA)
originally proposed in 1920s,
NOW began lobbying for its
passage
Phyllis Schlafly forms STOP
ERA, helps prevent ratification

Warren Court
Led by Chief Justice Earl
Warren (appointed by
Eisenhower)
Religion: bans on school
prayer & Bible reading
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Abington School Board v.
Schempp (1963)

Griswold v. Connecticut
(1965): right to privacy & use
of contraception

Warren Court
Rights of defendants:
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) right to an attorney, even if youre
poor
Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) right to an attorney during
interrogation
Miranda v. Arizona (1966) must be informed of rights

New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) protected free


speech

Burger Court
Nixon promised in election of
1968 to stop judicial activism
on court appointed Warren
Burger as Chief Justice
Roe v. Wade (1973):
expanded privacy rights to
include abortion
Regents of the University of
California v. Bakke (1978):
allowed some affirmative
action