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LABORATORIUM MEKANIKA TANAH

FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA


JL. Mayjend Haryono 167 Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 574063 Fax. (0341)
574063

PERCOBAA
N
CONSTANT
HEAD
LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA TANAH
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

LABORATORIUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA
JL. Mayjend Haryono 167 Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 574063 Fax. (0341)
574063

a. Tujuan Percobaan
Metode test ini meliputi prosedur untuk menentapkan coefisien of permeability
dengan cara constant head untuk aliran air yang melalui tanah berbutir halus
b. Alat Dan Bahan
Constant head filter tank
Sample tanah
c. Langkah Kerja
Tanah berbutir kasar di letakan di permeameter
Tempatkan kasa kawat dengan membukanya dengan sedikit untuk menahan
specimen yang melewati piringan berlubang dekat dasar permeameter
Kemudian permeameter terendam air sepenuhnya dengan keadaan klep bawah
tertutup
Setelah specimen jenuh air dan permeameter terisi penuh dengan air, buka klep
bawah
Tunggu aliran air yang yang konstant, taruh tabun gukur di bawah aliran air yang
konstant tersebut
Kemudian ukur tinggi air yang ada di tabung ukur tersebut
Ulangi percobaan tersebut sampai hasil tinggi air yang di dapat mempunyai nilai
yang sama setidaknya mendekati
Ambil beberapa data yang mempunyai nilai yang sama atau hampir mendekati
d. Perhitungan
k
=QxL
Ax t
Dimana :
k
= Koefisien Permeabilitas
Q
= Debit air yang keluar
L
= Jarak antara manometer
h
= Perbedaan Tinggi Tekanan dalam manometer
t
= Total waktu rembesan

Dokumentasi

LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

LABORATORIUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA
JL. Mayjend Haryono 167 Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 574063 Fax. (0341)
574063

FLOW CHART PERCOBAAN


CONSTANT HEAD
Ambil sampel tanah
LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA TANAH
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

LABORATORIUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA
JL. Mayjend Haryono 167 Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 574063 Fax. (0341)
574063

Masukan tanah tersebut ke dalam Mold pengetesan

Tutup sampel yang sudah di lapisi kertas saring dengan batu pori atas

Hubungkan dengan buret + tutup kran + isi buret dengan air

Hubungkan dengan buret + tutup kran + isi buret dengan air

Isi kembali buret dengan air dan ukur tinggi dari ujung bawah contoh tanah

Alirkan air sehingga air dalam buret hampir konstant

Catat waktunya dengan menggunakan stopwacth . Catat hasil percobaan


d. FORM TABEL DATA PERCOBAAN CONSTANT HEAD
Lokasi
Tanggal Praktikum
Kelompok
Asisten

No. Contoh
Dalam Pipa
A Pot. Dalam Pipa
Contoh Tanah

: Laboratorium Mekanika Tanah


: 21 Maret 2016
: 5A
: Ahmad Ismail

Satuan
cm
cm2
cm

LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

LABORATORIUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA
JL. Mayjend Haryono 167 Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 574063 Fax. (0341)
574063

A Pot. Dalam Tanah


Panjang Contoh Tanah
(L)
Waktu Mulai (t1)

cm2

Waktu Akhir (t2)


h
(t2-t1)
L/h
Q

det
cm
det

Q/(t2-t1)
KT=(L/h)x(Q/(A(t2t1)))
Krata-rata

cm
det

cm3
cm/det
(cm/detik)
(cm/detik)

Contoh Perhitungan:
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LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA TANAH
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA

LABORATORIUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA
JL. Mayjend Haryono 167 Malang 65145 Telp. (0341) 574063 Fax. (0341)
574063

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LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM MEKANIKA TANAH


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA