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ENGI23413 MECHANICS OF MATERIALS

_________________________

MID-TERM TEST Winter 2016 (Ottawa)

Name:
St. ID:

__________________________
Notes:
Answer all questions.
Time allowed 1 hour 40 minutes.
Closed book.
To obtain full marks work should be well presented with all relevant details including,
but not limited to,
properly labelled Free Body Diagrams (FBD) and sketches.
Scientific Calculators allowed. (No other form of electronic device allowed). Advanced
programmable
calculators are not allowed.
All work must be submitted on sheets provided. (No other sheets will be marked)
Turn off all mobile phones and any other forms of communication AND PUT THEM AWAY.
Talking to other students and wondering eyes are not permitted during the test/exam.
Sitting arrangement will be as designated by the invigilator/professor.
No Washroom Break after the start of the test/exam
Student ID must be provided prior to exam.

The contribution of this test towards the final grade will be as stipulated in the course
outline on SLATE.

ENGI23413 MECHANICS OF MATERIALS


_________________________

Name:

MID-TERM TEST Winter 2016 (Ottawa)

St. ID:

__________________________

Q1) The composite aluminum and steel member (Fig 1) is attached to supports at its ends.
A 240 kip force is applied as shown in the figure below. Given that ES = 30 x 106 psi and
EA = 10 x 106 psi, determine:
a)
b)
c)

the reactions at the supports


the stress in each part, and
the strain in each part

Formulas you may need:

strain , =

PL
, where , P isload ( lbs ) , Lis length (inchfeet ) ,
AE

A is cross sectional area ( 2ft 2 ) , E is material property


Also,

stress , =

P
stress
E=
=
A
strain

(Marks: 15+5+5=25)

Figure 1
Q2) A solid shaft (Do = 6 in) of G=12x106 psi was designed to
support 6000 psi shear stress under 20000 lb-ft torque. Later it was found that a shear
of 7100 psi is more practical. Your supervisor suggested to hollow the shaft so that the
strength increases. (a) What inner diameter would you prefer for the shaft? (b) Do you
find increasing the shaft diameter instead of hollowing it a better idea? Why? Or Why not?

You may use

J =0.1 (D4o D4i )

and

T r
J

for your calculations. (Marks: 20+5=25)

Q3) Two 3/8 x 6 in. plates are joined by in. diameter rivets as shown (Fig 2). What is the
safe (max) value of load P on the plates if the allowable stress in tension is 22 ksi, the
allowable stress in shear is 29 ksi, and the allowable stress in bearing is 58 ksi?
(Marks: 25)

Q4) For the


beam shown in
(a) the shear
bending

cantilever
fig 3, determine
force and
moments for

ENGI23413 MECHANICS OF MATERIALS


_________________________

Name:

MID-TERM TEST Winter 2016 (Ottawa)

St. ID:

__________________________
sections at A, B, C and D and (b) draw the shear
force and bending moment diagrams (graphs are
to be approximated by ratio if not to scale) (Marks:
13+12=25)

Figure 2

Figure 3

Normal Stress (

F
A

A : Cross sectional area


F : Axial load
A : Shear area (parallel to Shear Force)

V
A

Shear Stress ( )

Bearing Stress

b=

Factor of Safety

F . S .=

Axial Strain

=
L

F : Shear Force
A c : Contact area (projected area)

P
Ac
u
a

P : Applied force
a : Actual Stress

u : Ultimate Stress (can be yield


stress)

PL
AE

Poissons Ratio

Lateral Strain
Axial Strain

Thermal
Deformation

t=L ( t )

Change in length
(based on Hookes
law)

: Change in length
L: Original length

E:

Elastic Modulus

The negative sign accounts for the fact


that the two strains have opposing
effects
: Coefficient of linear expansion (/C
or /F)

t :: Shear
Temperature
Stress change

Hookes Law
(Shear)

=G

G : Modulus of Rigidity
: Shear Strain

ENGI23413 MECHANICS OF MATERIALS


_________________________

Name:

MID-TERM TEST Winter 2016 (Ottawa)

St. ID:

__________________________
Relationship
between elastic
constants
Deformation of a
circular shaft
Shear Stress in a
shaft
(C = Do/2), Do
Polar Moment of
Inertia
(d: solid shaft
diameter; Do and Di:
outer and inner
diameters)

Power
Transmission:

Shaft diameter
Power
Transmitted (hp)
(US Units)
Power
Transmitted (kW)
(SI Units)

G=

J=

E
2(1+ )
GJ
L

Gr
L

Tr
J

J=

( D40 D4i )
32

d4
32

d min =
P=

T=

16 T

TN
63,000

TN
P=
9,550

TL
GJ

T : Torque

max =

Tc
J

1 hp=0.746 kW
T :torque ( Ib)

N : revolution per minute (rpm)


T :torque ( N .m)
N : revolution per minutes(rpm)