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The Vowels:

Long /i/

see, tree, be, read, ski, silly, seat, seed, seek, cedar, seep, secret, feel, knee

Short / /

sit, dim, tint, fist, fix, trip, mitigate, skin, pick, chill, give, women, been

Long /e /

ray, say, today, portray, okay, hey, place, play, lake, face, rain, days, vague

Short / /

get, wet, lettuce, pen, mention, elephant, length, many, forget, red, pepper

Mid

//

cat, rather, blast, faster, drastic, bath, plastic, ask, gather, sand, tap, batter

Long

/ /

not, pot, otter, locker, volley, project, dollar, policy, block, rocket, concept

Short

/ /

above, luck, fun, mother, some, love, stuck, buddy, money, glove, puddle, son

Long

/ /

awful, talking, dog, coleslaw, auto, August, causal, paw, raw, strong, pause

Long /o /

blow, throw, go, Ohio, oatmeal, ocean, flow, sorrow, goat, floater, rotate, Joe

Short

would, good, should, could, wooden, bookshelf, full, pull, hood, put, cushion

/ /

Long /u/

rude, wounded, group, mushroom, true, attitude, suit, root, crew, flu, food, truly

Diphthongs:
/yu/
/ I/

use, cube, utilize, unique, unit, human, university, united, unified, unilateral, refusal
bike, die, time, highlight, flying, ice, arrive, crying, miles, child, finally, tried, rice

wow, outsource, cloud, downtown, blouse, ground, how, doubt, houses, flowers, scowl

/ I/

enjoy, noisy boys, voice, choice, boisterous, boiled oysters, loitering, point, avoid

An r following a vowel gives it a tense quality.


/ r/

were, bird, hurt, girl, world, her, first, journal, energy, burn, word, worm, worse

/ r/

fear, weird, beard, fierce, beer, cheer, peer, steer, dear, year, gear, leery

r/

air, rare, tear, scared, scarce, flair, dare, stare, contrarian, blare, beware

r/

jar, start, heart, farm, harm, carton, dark, enlarge, barge, sergeant, pardon

r/

core, store, war, warm, warn, wardrobe, quart, quarter, quarantine, award, snore

r/ sure, future, demure, pure, cure, jury, mature, lure, obscure, allure

r/ fire, liar, tired, iron, flyer, desire, ire, retire, pliers, wire, admire

r/ hour, shower, tower, flower, power, cower, coward, sour, scour