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IV.

DATA DAN PEMBAHASAN


4.1.
Data
t (menit)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
~

DHL campuran (S)


2,95x10-6
3,00x10-6
3,14x10-6
3,53x10-6
3,63x10-6
3,51x10-6
3,45x10-6
3,40x10-6
3,31x10-6
3,94x10-6

Standarisasi
dengan akuades
NaOH
Etil asetat
Akuades

DHL (S)
2,31x10-6
2,33x10-6
1,27x10-6

4.2.

Perhitungan
1. Pengenceran Larutan Asam Oksalat 0,02 N
0,02 mol ekivalen H2 C2 O4 .2 H2 O
g=
x100 mL larutan
1 L larutan

1 mol H2 C2 O4 .2 H2 O
1 L larutan
x
1000 mL larutan 2 mol ekivalen H2 C2 O4 .2 H2 O

126 g H2 C2 O4 .2 H2 O
1 mol H2 C2 O4 .2 H2 O

g = 0,126 g H2 C2 O4 .2 H2 O
2. Pengenceran Larutan NaOH 0,02 N
0,02 mol ekivalen NaOH
g=
x 250 mL larutan
1 L larutan
x

1 L larutan
1 mol NaOH
x
1000 mL larutan 2 mol ekivalen NaOH

40 g NaOH
1 mol NaOH

g = 0,2 g NaOH

3. Standarisasi NaOH 0,02 N dengan Asam Asetat 0,02 N


(Vasam oksalat)(Nasam oksalat) = (VNaOH) (NNaOH)
(10 mL)(0,02 N) = (6,9 mL)( NNaOH)
NNaOH = 0,029 N
4. Pembuatan Etil Asetat
a. Konsentrasi Etil Asetat
% x x 1000
M = Mr
99,5 % x 0,9 g/mL x 1000
= 88,1 g/mol
= 10,17 M
N = Be x M
= 1 x 10,17 M
N = 10,17 N
b. Volume Etil Asetat
(Vetil asetat)(Netil asetat) = (VNaOH) (NNaOH)
(Vetil asetat)(10,17 N) = (250 mL)(0,029 N)
Vetil asetat = 0,713 mL
c. Massa Etil Asetat
g=

0,9 g etil asetat


x 0,713 mL larutan
1 mL larutan

g = 0,6417 g

5. Menghitung Nilai Y
L -L
yi = 0 t
Lt - L~
a. t=0
y2 =
b. t=5
y2 =
c. t=10

(2,31-2,95)S
= 0,6464
(2,95-3,94)S
(2,31-3,00)S
= 0,7340
(3,00-3,94)S

(2,31-3,14)S
= 1,0375
(3,14-3,94)S

y3 =
d. t=15

(2,31-3,53)S
= 2,9756
(3,53-3,94)S

y4 =
e. t=20

(2,31-3,63)S
= 4,2580
(3,63-3,94)S

y5 =
f. t=25

(2,31-3,51)S
= 2,7907
(3,51-3,94)S

y6 =
g. t=30

(2,31-3,45)S
= 3,3265
(3,45-3.94S

y7 =
h. t=35

(2,31-3,40)S
= 2,0185
(3,40-3,94)S

y8 =
i. t=40

(2,31-3,31)S
= 1,5873
(3,31-3,94)S

y9 =

6. Persamaan Regresi
x=t
L -L
y= 0 t
Lt - L~
X

XY

X2

0
300
600
900
1200
1500
1800
2100
2400
x= 1

Y
0,6464
0,734
1,0375
2,9756
4,258
2,7907
3,3265
2,0185
1,5873
y= 1

0
220,2
622,5
2678,04
5109,6
4186,05
5987,7
4238,85
3809,52
xy = 2

0
90000
360000
810000
1440000
2250000
3240000
4410000
5760000
x2 = 183

0800

9,3745

6852,5

60000

B=

x = 12

y = 2,1

00

527

n ( xy ) - ( x y )
n( x2 )-( x ) 2

B=

( 9 x 26852,5 ) - [ ( 10800 )( 19,3745 ) ]


( 9 x ( 18360000 ) - ( 10800)2

B=

32427,9
48600000

B = 0,0006672
y = A + B x
A = y - B x
A = 3,8749 (0,0006672)( 1200)
A = 1,352
y = 1,352 + 0,0006672 x
7. Penentuan Tetapan Laju Reaksi Secara Teori
B = k x aNaOH
B
0,02342
k=
=
=1,1152
a NaOH 0,021 N
8. Penentuan Tetapan Laju Reaksi Secara Percobaan
y
ki =
(a x t )
a. t=0
k1=
b. t=300
k2 =

c. t=600
k3 =
d. t=900
k4 =

0,6464
=~
( 0,029 ) (0)
0,7340
= 0,0844
( 0,029 ) (300)

1,0375
= 0,0596
( 0,029 ) (600)
2,9756
= 0,1140
( 0,029 ) (900)

e. t=1200

k5 =

4,2580
=0,1223
( 0,029 ) (1200)

f. t=1500
2,7907
k6 =
= 0,0641
( 0,029 ) (1500)
g. t=1800
3,3265
k7 =
=0,0637
( 0,029 ) (1800)
h. t=2100
2,0185
k8 =
= 0,0331
( 0,029 ) (2100)
i. t=2400
1,5873
k9 =
= 0,0228
( 0,029 ) (2400)
9

k =

ki
i=0

k 1 + + k 9
9

~+ 0,0844 +0,0596 + 0,1140 + 0,1223 +0,0641 + 0,0637


+ 0,0331+ 0,0228
k =
9
k = 0,0626

4.3.

Grafik Hubungan t Terhadap y

t VS y
5

4.26

2.98

3
y

3.33
2.79
2.02

f(x) = 0x + 1.35
2 R = 0.19
1.04
0.65 0.73
1

1.59

0
0

500

1000

1500
t (s)

2000

2500

3000