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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR
DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR GAMBAR
DAFTAR TABEL
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN .............................................................................

1.1 Latar Belakang ....................................................................................

1.2 Maksud dan Tujuan ............................................................................

1.3 Batasan Pembahasan ..........................................................................

1.4 Metodologi Penulisan .........................................................................

1.5 Sistematika Penulisan .........................................................................

BAB II

LANDASAN TEORI ........................................................................

2.1 Pendahuluan ......................................................................................

2.2 Komponen Pada Struktur ..................................................................

10

2.3

2.2.1

Kolom ....................................................................................

10

2.2.2

Balok ......................................................................................

14

2.2.3

Pelat .......................................................................................

23

2.2.4 Tangga ...................................................................................

27

Komponen Struktur Lentur Pada Sistem Rangka Pemikul Momen


Khusus (SRPMK) ..............................................................................

29

2.3.1

30

Tulangan Longitudinal ...........................................................

2.4

2.3.2

Tulangan Transversal .............................................................

31

2.3.3

Persyaratan Kuat Geser .........................................................

33

2.3.3.1 Gaya Rencana ..........................................................

33

2.3.3.2 Tulangan Transversal ...............................................

34

Komponen Struktur Yang Dibebani Lentur dan Beban Aksial Pada Sistem
Rangka Pemikul Momen Khusus (SRPMK) ......................................

34

2.4.1

Tulangan Memanjang ............................................................

34

2.4.2

Tulangan Transversal .............................................................

35

2.4.3

Kekuatan Lentur Minimal Kolom .........................................

38

2.5 Pondasi ...............................................................................................

39

2.5.1

Jenis-jenis Pondasi .................................................................

39

2.5.2

Pemilihan Tipe Pondasi .........................................................

40

2.5.3

Pondasi Tiang ........................................................................

42

2.5.3.1 Daya Dukung Ijin Tiang ..........................................

43

2.5.3.2 Daya Dukung Ijin Tekan ..........................................

44

2.5.3.3 Daya Dukung Ijin Tarik ...........................................

45

2.5.3.4 Jumlah Tiang Yang Diperlukan ...............................

45

2.5.3.5 Efisiensi Kelompok Tiang .......................................

46

2.5.3.6 Beban Maksimum Tiang Pada Kelompok Tiang .....

47

2.5.3.7 Daya Dukung Horizontal .........................................

48

2.5.3.8 Kontrol Defleksi Tiang Vertikal ..............................

49

2.5.3.9 Keruntuhan Kelompok Tiang (Block Failure) .........

50

2.5.3.10Gesekan Negatif ......................................................

53

2.5.3.11 Pile Cap ....................................................................

55

2.6 Balok Sloof (Tie Beam) ......................................................................

58

2.6.1

Beban Balok Sloof .................................................................

58

2.6.2

Perhitungan Tulangan ............................................................

58

2.7 Analisa Pembebanan Struktur ............................................................

62

2.7.1

Pembebanan Tetap ..................................................................

62

2.7.1.1 Beban Mati (Dead Load) .........................................

62

2.7.1.2 Beban Hidup (Live Load) ........................................

63

2.7.2

Pembebanan Sementara ..........................................................

64

2.7.3

Kombinasi Pembebanan dan Kuat Rencana ...........................

64

2.8 Dasar-dasar Analisa dan Disain ..........................................................

66

2.8.1

Dasar Perhitungan Struktur ....................................................

66

2.8.2

Teori Perhitungan Beban Akibat Beban Tetap dan Sementara

67

2.8.2.1 Teori Perhitungan Struktur Akibat Beban Tetap ......

67

2.8.2.1 Teori Perhitungan Struktur Akibat Beban Sementara

67

2.8.2.1.1Perhitungan Beban Gempa ........................

67

2.8.2.1.2Perhitungan Beban Tsunami ......................

103

METODOLOGI PERENCANAAN ................................................

111

3.1 Standar Perencanan ............................................................................

111

3.2 Metode Perhitungan ............................................................................

111

3.3 Perhitungan Pembebanan ...................................................................

112

3.4 Langkah-Langkah Perhitungan Struktur ............................................

113

BAB III

3.5 Perhitungan Penulangan Struktur .......................................................

114

3.5.1

Analisa Penulangan Pelat .......................................................

114

3.5.2

Analisa Penulangan Balok ......................................................

116

3.5.3

Analisa Penulangan Kolom ....................................................

118

3.5.4

Analisa Tulangan Geser ..........................................................

121

3.5.5

Beban Tsunami yang Diperhitungkan Dalam Analisis


Struktur ..................................................................................

122

BAB IV

PERHITUNGAN STRUKTUR .......................................................

125

4.1

Pendahuluan .......................................................................................

125

4.2 Lokasi Perencanaan ...........................................................................

125

4.3 Data-data Perencanaan .......................................................................

126

4.4

Perencanaan Dimensi Komponen Struktur ........................................

126

4.4.1

Perencanaan Dimensi Balok ..................................................

126

4.4.2

Perencanaan Dimensi Pelat ....................................................

136

4.4.3

Perencanaan Dimensi Kolom ................................................

143

4.5 Perhitungan Beban Gravitasi pada Komponen Struktur ....................

146

4.6 Perhitungan Beban Gempa .................................................................

147

4.7 Perhitungan Beban Tsunami ...............................................................

163

4.8 Analisis Struktur .................................................................................

168

4.9 Perencanaan Struktur Atas ..................................................................

168

4.9.1

Penulangan Struktur Pelat.......................................................

168

4.9.2

Penulangan Struktur Balok.....................................................

175

4.9.2.1 Kontrol Persyaratan Balok Terhadap SRPMK..........

183

Penulangan Struktur Kolom...................................................

185

4.9.3.1 Kontrol Persyaratan Kolom Terhadap SRPMK.........

191

Disain Hubungan Balok-Kolom SRPMK...............................

192

4.10 Perencanaan Struktur Bawah ..............................................................

193

4.10.1 Penulangan Struktur Tie Beam ..............................................

193

4.10.1.1 Penulangan Pokok Tie Beam...................................

193

4.10.1.2 Penulangan Geser Tie Beam....................................

195

4.10.2 Analisa Perhitungan Pondasi .................................................

196

4.9.3

4.9.4

4.10.2.1 Daya Dukung Izin Tiang Berdasarkan Nilai N-SPT196


4.10.2.2 Perhitungan Jumlah Tiang yang Dibutuhkan...........

198

4.10.2.3 Perhitungan Efisiensi Kelompok Tiang ..................

199

4.10.2.4 Perhitungan Daya Dukung Tiang Kelompok ..........

200

4.10.2.5 Perhitungan Beban Maksimum Tiang pada Kelompok


Tiang ......................................................................

201

4.10.2.6 Perhitungan Dimensi Pile Cap ................................

202

4.10.2.7 Perhitungan Tulangan Pile Cap ..............................

203

4.10.2.8 Analisa Penurunan Pondasi .....................................

205

KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN..........................................................

209

5.1 Kesimpulan .........................................................................................

209

5.2

209

BAB V

Saran ................................................................................................

LAMPIRAN