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Vocabulary

1. Abase (v) : (formal) to act in a way that you accept sbs power over you.
2. Abate (v) : (formal) to become less strong; to make sth less strong.
3. Abbey (n) : a large church together with a group of building in which monks or
nuns live or lived in the past.
4. Abdomen (n) : the part of the body below the chest that contains the stomach,
bowels, etc.
5. Abduct (v) : to take sb away illegally, especially using force.
6. Abet (v) : to help or encourage sb to do sth wrong.
7. Abject (adj) : [usually before noun] (formal) (1) terrible and without hope (2)
without any pride or respect.
8. Absentee (n) : a person who is not at a place where they were expected to be.
9. Absent-minded (adj) : tending to forget things, perhaps because you are not
thinking about what is around you, but about sth else.
10. Absolve (v) : to state formally that sb is not guilty or responsible for sth.
11. Abundant (adj) : (formal) existing in large quantities; more than enough.
12. Abusive (adj) : (of speech or of a person) rude and offensive; criticizing rudely
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and unfairly. (of behaviour) involving violence.


Accolade (n) : (formal) praise or an award for an achievement that people admire.
Ancestry (n) : the family or the race of people that you are descended from.
Allege (v) : [often passive] to state sth as a fact but without giving proof.
Adjacent (adj) : (to sth) situated next to or near sth.
Adversity (n) : (formal) a difficult or unpleasant situation.
Anguish (n) : (formal) severe pain, mental suffering or unhappiness.
Auspicious (adj) : (formal) showing signs that sth is likely to be successful in the

future.
20. Achilles heel (n) : [sing.] a weak point or fault in sbs character which can be
attacked by other people.
21. Acquire (v) : (formal) to gain sth by your own efforts, ability or behaviour.
22. Adamant (adj) : determined not to change your mind or to be persuaded about
sth.
23. Adobe (n) : mud that is dried in the sun, mixed with straw and used as a building
material.
24. Affray (n) : (law) a fight or violent behaviour in a public place.
25. Aftershock (n) : a small earhquake that happens after a bigger one.
26. Bachelor (n) : (1) a man who has never been married (2) a person who has a
Bachelors degree (= a first university degree).
27. Backpedal (v) : (1) to change an earlier statement or opinion; to not do sth that
you promised to do (2) to pedal backwards on a bicycle; to walk or run backwards.
28. Backslapping (n) : loud and enthusiastic behaviour when people are praising each
other for sth good they have done.
29. Baddy (n) : (informal) a bad or evil character in a film/movie, book, play, etc.

30. Badmouth (v) : (informal) to say unpleasant things about sb.


31. Baggy (adj) : (of clothes) fitting loosely; not tight.
32. Bah : exclamation used to show a sound that people make to express disapproval.
33. Ballistics (n) : the scientific study of things that are shot or fired through the
air, such as bullets and missiles.
34. Ballot (n) : (1) the system of voting in writing and usually in secret; an occasion on
which a vote is held. (2) the piece of paper on which sb marks who they are voting
for.
35. Bang-up (adj) : (informal) very good.
36. Bestial (adj) : (formal) cruel and disguisting; of or like a beast.
37. Bestman (n) : a male friend or relative of the bridegroom at a wedding, who helps
him during the wedding ceremony.
38. Bestow (v) : (formal) to give sth to sb, especially to show how much they are
respected.
39. Bimbo (n) : (informal) a young person, especially a woman, who is sexually
attractive but not very intelligent.
40. Blah (adj) : (informal) (1) not interesting (2) not feeling well; feeling slightly
unhappy.
41. Blizzard (n) : a snowstorm with very strong winds.
42. Boundary (n) : a real or imagined line that marks the limits or edges of sth and
seperates it from other things or edges.
43. Brunch (n) : (informal) a meal that you eat in the late morning as a combination of
breakfast and lunch.
44. Brutish (adj) : unkind and violent and not showing thought or intelligence.
45. Burp (v) : (informal) to let out air from the stomach through the mouth, making a
noise.
46. Burnout (n) : the state of being estremely tired or ill, either physically or mentally
because you have worked too hard.
47. Buyout (n) : a situation in which a person or group gains control of a company by
buying all or most of its shared.
48. Banal (adj) : very ordinary and containing nothing that is interesting or important.
49. Bane (n) : something that causes trouble and makes people unhappy.
50. Banns (n) : a public statement in shucrch that two people intend to marry each
other.
51. Cabal (n) : (formal) a small group of people who are involved in secret plans to get
political power.
52. Cadet (n) : a young person who is training to become an officer in the police or
armed forces.
53. Callus (n) : an area of thick hard skin on a hand or foot, usually caused by rubbing.
54. Callous (adj) : not caring about other peoples feelings or suffering.
55. Candid (adj) : saying what you think openly and honestly; not hiding your thoughts.
56. Canny (adj) : intelligent, careful and showing good judgement, especially in
business or politics.

57. Carcinogen (n) : a substance that can cause cancer.


58. Carefree (adj) : having no worries or responsibilities.
59. Cauterize (v) : (medical) to burn a wound, using a chemical or heat, in order to stop
it from bleeding or becoming infected.
60. Charade (n) : a situation in which people pretend that sth os true when it clearly is
not.
61. Cheerio : exclamation (informal) goodbye.
62. Cheesy (adj) : (slang) of low quality and without style.
63. Chic (adj) : very fashionable and elegant.
64. Chump (n) : (old-fashioned, informal) a stupid person.
65. Classified (adj) : [usually before noun] (of an information) officially secret and
available only to particular people.
66. Clique (n) : a small group of people who spend their time together and do not allow
others to join them.
67. Clued-up (adj) : (informal) knowing a lot about sth; having a lot of information
about sth.
68. Coherence (n) : the situation in which all parts of sth fit together well.
69. Cohesive (adj) : (formal) (1) forming a united whole (2) causing people or things to
become united.
70. Comprehend (v) : (formal) to understand sth fully.
71. Cinch (n) : (informal) (1) sth that is very easy (2) a thing that is certain to happen.
72. Chum (n) : (old-fashioned, informal) a friend.
73. Civic (adj) : (1) officially connected with a town or city. (2) connected with people
who live in a town or city.
74. Clarity (n) : (1) the quality of being expressed clearly. (2) the ability to thing
about or understand sth clearly.
75. Conveinent (adj) : (1) useful, easy or quick to do; not causing problems. (2) near to
a particular place; easy to get.
76. Decease (n) : (law or formal) the death of person.
77. Deceased (adj) : (law or formal) dead.
78. Deceive (v) : (1) to make sb believe sth that is not true. (2) to refuse to admit to
yourself that sth unpleasant is true. (3) to make sb have a wrong idea about
sb/sth.
79. Decency (n) : honest, polite behaviour that follows accepted moral standards and
show respects for others.
80. Deception (n) : (1) the act of deliberely making sb believe sth that is not true. (2)
a trick intended to make sb believe sth that is not true.
81. Deformity (n) : a condition in which a part of the body is not the normal shape
because of injury, illness, or because it has grown wrongly.
82. Defraud (v) : to get money illegally from a person or an organization by tricking
them.
83. Degrade (v) : to show or treat sb in a way that makes them seem not worth any
respect or not worth taking seriously.

84. Demand (v) : (1) to ask for sth very firmly. (2) to need sth in order to be done
successfully.
85. Demean (v) : (1) to do sth that makes people have less respect for you. (2) to
make people have less respect for sb/sth.
86. Deprived (adj) : without enough food, education, and all the things that are
necessary for people to live a happy and comfortable live.
87. Deputy (n) : a person who is the next most important person below a business
manager, a head of a school, a political leader, etc.
88. Descant (n) : (music) a tune that is sung or played at the same time as, and usually
higher than the main tune.
89. Desert (v) : (1) to leave sb without help or support (syn. Abandon). (2) [often
passive] to go away from a place and leave it empty. (3) to leave the armed forces
without permission. (4) to stop using, buying or supporting sth.
90. Despise (v) : (not used in the progressive tenses) to dislike and have no respect
for sb/sth.
91. Detain (v) : (1) to keep sb in an official place, such as a police station, a prison or a
hospital, and prevent them from leaving. (2) (formal) to delay sb or prevent them
from going somewhere.
92. Devastating (adj) : (1) causing a lot of damage and destruction. (2) extremely
shocking to a person. (3) impressive and powerful.
93. Diminish (v) : (1) to become or to make sth become smaller, weaker, etc. (syn.
Decrease). (2) to make sb/sth seem less important than they really are.
94. Disastrous (adj) : very bad, harmful or unsuccessful.
95. Disavow (v) : (formal) to state publicly that you have no knowledge of sth or that
you are not responsible for sth/sb.
96. Discern (v) : (formal) (not used in the progressive tenses) to know, recognize or
understand sth, especially sth that is not obvious.
97. Disciple (n) : (1) a person who believes in and follows the reachings of a religious
or political leader. (2) one of the people who followed Jesus Christ and his
teachings when he was living on earth, especially one of the twelve apostles.
98. Disdain (v) : (formal) (1) to think that sb/sth is not good enough to deserve your
respect. (2) to refuse to do sth because you think that you are too important to
do it.
99. Dismissive (adj) : showing that you do not believe a person or thing to be
important or worth considering.
100. Disprove (v) : to show that sth is wrong or false.
101. Edification (n) : (formal or humorous) the improvement of sbs mind or
character.
102. Efficacious (adj) : (formal) (of things) producing the result that was wanted or
intended (syn. Effective)
103. Elegy (n) : a poem or song that expresses sadness, especially for sb who has
died.

104. Elope (v) : to run away with sb in order to marry them secretly.
105. Eloquent (adj) : able to use language and axpress your opinions well, especially
when you are speaking in public.
106. Elusive (adj) : difficult to find, define, or achieve.
107. Emasculate (v) : (formal) (1) to make sb/sth less powerful or less effective. (2)
to make a man feel that he has lost his male role or qualities.
108. Eminent (adj) : [usually before noun] (1) famous and respected, especially in a
particular profession. (2) (of good qualities) unusual; excellent.
109. Empower (v) : (1) (formal) to give sb the power or authority to do sth (syn.
Authorize). (2) to give sb more control over their own life or the situation they
are in.
110. Enduring (adj) : lasting for a long time.
111.Endow (v) : to give a large sum of money to a school, a college or another
institution to provide it with an income.
112. Enhance (v) : to increase or further improve the good quality, value, or status of
sb/sth.
113. Enigma (n) : a person, thing or situation that is mysterious and difficult to
understand.
114. Enormous (adj) : extremely large.
115. Envious (adj) : wanting to be in the same situation as sb else; wanting sth that sb
else has.
116. Errand (n) : a job that you do for sb that involves going somewhere to take a
message, to buy sth, deliver goods, etc.
117. Eventful (adj) : full of things that happen, esp exciting, important or dangerous
things.
118. Eventual (adj) : [only before noun] happening at the end of a period of time or of
a process.
119. Evince (v) : (formal) to show clearly that you have a feeling or quality.
120. Evoke (v) : to bring a feeling, a memory or an image into your mind.
121. Exacerbate (v) : to make sth worse, esp a disease or problem.
122. Exaggerate (v) : to make sth seem longer, better, worse or more important than
it really is.
123. Exorcism (n) : (1) the act of getting rid of an evil spirit from a place or a
persons body by prayers or magic; a ceremony where this is done. (2) (written)
the act of making yourself forget a bad experience or memory.
124. Extravagance (n) : (1) the act of habit of spending more money than you can
afford or than is necessary. (2) something that you buy although it costs a lot of
money, perhaps more than you can afford. (3) something that is impressive or
noticeable because it is unusual or extreme.
125. Extravaganza (n) : a large, expensive and impressive entertainment.
126. Faggot (n) : (1) (informal) an offensive word for homosexual man. (2) a bunch of
sticks tied together, used for burning on a fire.

127. Fallacy (n) : (1) a false idea that many people believe is true. (2) a false way of
thinking about sth.
128. Fallback (n) : a plan or course of action that is ready to be used in an emergency
if other things fail.
129. Fallout (n) : (1) dangerous radioactive dust that is in the air after a nuclear
explosion. (2) the bad results of a situation or an action.
130. Famished (adj) : [not usually before noun] (informal) very hungry (syn. Starving).
131. Fastidious (adj) : (1) being careful that every detail of sth is correct (syn.
Meticulous). (2) not liking things to be dirty or untidy.
132. Fatalism (n) : the belief that events are decided by fate and that you cannot
control them; the fact of accepting that you cannot prevent sth from happening.
133. Fathom (v) : to understand or find an explanation of sth.
134. Fatuous (adj) : (formal) very silly and showing a lack of intelligence.
135. Faux pas (n) : (from French) an action or remark that causes embarrassment
because it is not socially correct.
136. Fearsome (adj) : (formal) making people feel very frightened.
137. Felony (n) : (old-fashioned, law) the act of committing a serious crime such as
murder or rape.
138. Fiasco (n) : something does not succeed, often in a way that causes
embarrassment.
139. Filthy (adv) : (informal) (1) ~dirty extremely dirty (2) ~rich so rich that you
think the person is too rich and you find it offensive.
140. Fingertip (n) : the end of the finger that is furthest from the hand.
141. Fishy (n) : (1) (informal) that makes you suspicious because it seems dishonest.
(2) smelling or tasting like a fish.
142. Flamboyant (adj) : (1) (of people or their behaviour) different, confident and
exciting in a way that attracts attention. (2) bright, colourful and noticeable.
143. Forsake (v) : (1) to leave sb/sth, esp when you have responsibility to stay. (2) to
stop doing sth or leave sth, esp sth that you enjoy.
144. Flub (v) : to do sth badly or make a mistake.
145. Fraud (n) : a person who pretends to have a qualities, abilities, etc that they do
not really have in order to deceive other people.
146. Fling (n) : (informal) (1) a short period of enjoyment when you dont allow
yourself to worry ot think seriously about anything. (2) a short sexual relationship
with sb.
147. Frightful (adj) : (1) (old-fashioned, informal) used to emphasize how bad sth is.
(2) old-fashioned) very serious or unpleasant.
148. Folk (n) : (informal) (1) people in general. (2) (folks) a friendly way of addressing
more than one person. (3) (folks) the members of your family, esp your parents.
(4) people from particular country or region, who have a particular way of life.
149. Frisky (adj) : (1) (of people or animals) full of energy; wanting to play. (2)
(informal) wanting to enjoy yourself in a sexual way.

150. Flee (v) : [no passive] to leave a person or place very quickly esp because you are
afraid of possible danger.